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Cognitive Assessment System

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667270/dimensional-measure-of-self-and-interpersonal-functioning-comparisons-with-treatment-alliance-and-readiness-for-inpatient-psychotherapy
#1
Greg Haggerty, Michelle Stein, Caleb Siefert, Jennifer Zodan, Ashwin Mehra, Kelechi Ogbuji, Jaspreet Sangha, Michael Habib, Samuel J Sinclair, Mark A Blais
The social cognition and object relations scale-global rating method is a clinical rating system assessing 8 domains of self and interpersonal functioning. It can be applied to score numerous forms of narrative data. In this study, we investigate the SCORS-G relationship to measures of alliance and readiness for psychotherapy with an adolescent inpatient sample. Seventy-two psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents were consented and subsequently rated by their individual and group therapist using the SCORS-G...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666131/doctors-on-the-move-a-european-case-study-on-the-key-characteristics-of-national-recertification-systems
#2
Carolin Sehlbach, Marjan J Govaerts, Sharon Mitchell, Gernot G U Rohde, Frank W J M Smeenk, Erik W Driessen
OBJECTIVES: With increased cross-border movement, ensuring safe and high-quality healthcare has gained primacy. The purpose of recertification is to ensure quality of care through periodically attesting doctors' professional proficiency in their field. Professional migration and facilitated cross-border recognition of qualifications, however, make us question the fitness of national policies for safeguarding patient care and the international accountability of doctors. DESIGN AND SETTING: We performed document analyses and conducted 19 semistructured interviews to identify and describe key characteristics and effective components of 10 different European recertification systems, each representing one case (collective case study)...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665103/health-and-care-related-risk-factors-for-suicide-among-nursing-home-residents-a-data-linkage-study
#3
Briony Murphy, Briohny Kennedy, Catherine Martin, Lyndal Bugeja, Melissa Willoughby, Joseph E Ibrahim
This study aimed to examine associations between health status and care needs of nursing home residents and risk of death from suicide compared to other causes through a retrospective data linkage cohort study examining nursing home resident deaths in Australia between 2000 and 2013. Data linkage was performed between aged care assessment tools-Resident Classification System and Aged Care Funding Instrument-and the National Coronial Information System. A competing risks survival analysis was performed to determine the association between care assessment variables (activities of daily living (ADL), behavior, and complex health care) and the risk of death from suicide and any other cause...
April 17, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664058/relationships-between-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder-and-neurodegenerative-diseases-clinical-assessments-biomarkers-and-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Min Li, Li Wang, Jiang-Hong Liu, Shu-Qin Zhan
Objective: Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is characterized by dream enactment and loss of muscle atonia during rapid eye movement sleep. RBD is closely related to α-synucleinopathies including Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and multiple system atrophy. Many studies have investigated the markers of imaging and neurophysiological, genetic, cognitive, autonomic function of RBD and their predictive value for neurodegenerative diseases. This report reviewed the progress of these studies and discussed their limitations and future research directions...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663261/evaluation-of-diffusion-tensor-imaging-changes-and-neurocognitive-effects-of-asymptomatic-vitamin-b12-deficiency
#5
Ali Zeynal Abidin Tak, Erdal Dayan, Hacı Taner Bulut
Vitamin B12 plays an important role in the mechanisms which are responsible for myelinization in the central nervous system. It can particularly lead to hematological and neuropsychiatric symptoms when serum levels fall due to insufficient intake with diet or absorption problems. The purpose of this study was to show the cognitive effects in vitamin B12 deficiency cases that have not reached clinical symptom level using neuropsychological tests, and to show possible cerebral neuronal damage using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) method...
April 16, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661834/mir-132-couples-the-circadian-clock-to-daily-rhythms-of-neuronal-plasticity-and-cognition
#6
Sydney Aten, Katelin F Hansen, Kaitlin Snider, Kelin Wheaton, Anisha Kalidindi, Ashley Garcia, Diego Alzate-Correa, Kari R Hoyt, Karl Obrietan
The microRNA miR-132 serves as a key regulator of a wide range of plasticity-associated processes in the central nervous system. Interestingly, miR-132 expression has also been shown to be under the control of the circadian timing system. This finding, coupled with work showing that miR-132 is expressed in the hippocampus, where it influences neuronal morphology and memory, led us to test the idea that daily rhythms in miR-132 within the forebrain modulate cognition as a function of circadian time. Here, we show that hippocampal miR-132 expression is gated by the time-of-day, with peak levels occurring during the circadian night...
May 2018: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660936/associations-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-1-and-angiotensin-ii-blood-levels-and-cognitive-function
#7
Sevil Yasar, Vijay R Varma, Gregory C Harris, Michelle C Carlson
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests a possible role of the renin angiotensin system in the pathophysiologic process of Alzheimer's disease, of which angiotensin converting enzyme-1 (ACE-1) and angiotensin II (ANGII) are important proteins. Few studies evaluated associations between blood ACE-1 and none between ANGII levels, and cognition. OBJECTIVE: Our pilot study was aimed to examine associations between blood ACE-1 and ANG II levels and cognitive function in non-demented participants at baseline and over a 1-year period...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659205/executive-function-predicts-antidepressant-treatment-noncompletion-in-late-life-depression
#8
Pilar Cristancho, Eric J Lenze, David Dixon, J Philip Miller, Benoit H Mulsant, Charles F Reynolds, Meryl A Butters
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether executive function (EF) is associated with nonremission and noncompletion of antidepressant pharmacotherapy in older adults with depression. DESIGN: In this prospective study (July 2009 to May 2014), older adults (aged ≥ 60 years; n = 468) with a DSM-IV-defined major depressive episode diagnosed via structured interview received 12 weeks of venlafaxine extended release with the goal of achieving remission. A hypothesis was made that worse baseline EF would predict both nonremission and noncompletion (primary outcomes)...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656951/auditory-system-target-engagement-during-plasticity-based-interventions-in-schizophrenia-a-focus-on-modulation-of-n-methyl-d-aspartate-type-glutamate-receptor-function
#9
REVIEW
Joshua T Kantrowitz, Neal R Swerdlow, Walter Dunn, Sophia Vinogradov
Cognitive deficits are predictive of long-term social and occupational functional deficits in schizophrenia but are currently without gold-standard treatments. In particular, augmentation of auditory cortical neuroplasticity may represent a rate-limiting first step before addressing higher-order cognitive deficits. We review the rationale for N-methyl-d-aspartate-type glutamate receptor (NMDAR) modulators as treatments for auditory plasticity deficits in schizophrenia, along with potential serum and electroencephalographic target engagement biomarkers for NMDAR function...
February 22, 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653338/long-term-effects-of-adjunctive-perampanel-on-cognition-in-adolescents-with-partial-seizures
#10
Jesus E Piña-Garza, Lieven Lagae, Vicente Villanueva, J Ben Renfroe, Antonio Laurenza, Betsy Williams, Dinesh Kumar, Kimford J Meador
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term effects of adjunctive perampanel on cognition, efficacy, growth, safety, and tolerability in adolescents with inadequately controlled partial seizures. METHODS: Study 235, a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, Phase II study with an open-label extension phase (NCT01161524), was primarily designed to assess the effects of adjunctive perampanel on cognition. Patients (aged ≥12 to <18years) had a diagnosis of epilepsy with inadequately controlled partial seizures, with or without secondary generalization, despite receiving 1-3 antiepileptic drugs...
April 10, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652773/a-lonely-search-risk-for-depression-when-spirituality-exceeds-religiosity
#11
Jeffrey R Vittengl
This study clarified longitudinal relations of spirituality and religiosity with depression. Spirituality's potential emphasis on internal (e.g., intrapsychic search for meaning) versus religiosity's potential emphasis on external (e.g., engagement in socially-sanctioned belief systems) processes may parallel depression-linked cognitive-behavioral phenomena (e.g., rumination and loneliness) conceptually. Thus, this study tested the hypothesis that greater spirituality than religiosity, separate from the overall level of spirituality and religiosity, predicts longitudinal increases in depression...
May 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652302/-results-of-a-multicenter-study-on-the-efficacy-of-cortexin-in-treatment-of-cognitive-dysfunction-in-children
#12
V P Zykov, E B Serebrennikova, T N Panchenko, Ya B Sycheva, S N Presnyakova, E L Mazur, M N Salova, E S Golubeva, S K Khromova
AIM: To study the efficacy and tolerability of cortexin in the treatment of cognitive dysfunction in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 635 patients, aged 3-7 years. Patients were divided into 4 clinical groups: group 1 (269 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)), group 2 (215 children with speech delay), group 3 (82 patients with the consequences of a perinatal lesion of the central nervous system), group 4 (69 patients with asthenic/neurotic syndrome)...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651689/mothers-neural-responses-to-infant-faces-are-associated-with-activation-of-the-maternal-care-system-and-observed-intrusiveness-with-their-own-child
#13
Joyce J Endendijk, Hannah Spencer, Anneloes L van Baar, Peter A Bos
Certain infant facial characteristics, referred to as baby schema, are thought to automatically trigger parenting behavior and affective orientation toward infants. Electroencephalography (EEG) is well suited to assessing the intuitive nature and temporal dynamics of parenting responses, due to its millisecond temporal resolution. Little is known, however, about the relations between neural processing of infant cues and actual parenting behavior in a naturalistic setting. In the present study we examined the event-related potentials (ERPs) of mothers (N = 33) watching infant faces of varying attractiveness, in relation to activation of the maternal care system and the mothers' observed parenting behavior (sensitivity, nonintrusiveness) with their own child (2-6 years old)...
April 12, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649805/comparing-the-efficacy-of-cbasp-with-two-versions-of-cbt-for-depression-in-a-routine-care-center-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Winfried Rief, Gabi Bleichhardt, Katharina Dannehl, Frank Euteneuer, Katrin Wambach
BACKGROUND: The cognitive-behavioral analysis system of psychotherapy (CBASP) was developed for the treatment of chronic, early-onset depression. However, it is unclear whether this approach can be recommended for depression in general (episodic and chronic), and no direct comparisons between CBASP with different versions of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) exist. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial compared 3 treatment conditions (all lasting 16 sessions) with a waiting list group (WL): CBASP, CBT with a focus on physical exercise (CBT-E), and CBT with a focus on pleasurable, low-energy and mindful activities (CBT-M)...
April 12, 2018: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644797/altered-gastrointestinal-motility-involving-autoantibodies-in-the-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis-model-of-multiple-sclerosis
#15
E T Spear, E A Holt, E J Joyce, M M Haag, S M Mawe, G W Hennig, B Lavoie, A M Applebee, C Teuscher, G M Mawe
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system that, in addition to motor, sensory, and cognitive symptoms, also causes constipation, which is poorly understood. Here, we characterize gastrointestinal (GI) dysmotility in the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mouse model of MS and evaluate whether autoantibodies target the enteric nervous system (ENS) and cause dysmotility. METHODS: EAE was induced in male SJL and B6 mice...
April 11, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643828/lateralization-of-sucrose-responsiveness-and-non-associative-learning-in-honeybees
#16
David Baracchi, Elisa Rigosi, Gabriela de Brito Sanchez, Martin Giurfa
Lateralization is a fundamental property of the human brain that affects perceptual, motor, and cognitive processes. It is now acknowledged that left-right laterality is widespread across vertebrates and even some invertebrates such as fruit flies and bees. Honeybees, which learn to associate an odorant (the conditioned stimulus, CS) with sucrose solution (the unconditioned stimulus, US), recall this association better when trained using their right antenna than they do when using their left antenna. Correspondingly, olfactory sensilla are more abundant on the right antenna and odor encoding by projection neurons of the right antennal lobe results in better odor differentiation than those of the left one...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643582/the-effect-of-balance-exercises-and-computerized-cognitive-training-on-psychomotor-performance-in-elderly
#17
Morteza Taheri, Khadijeh Irandoust
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of balance and computerized cognitive training on psychomotor performance in elderly females. [Subjects and Methods] Twentynine elderly females with the mean age of 63-71 years old were applied voluntarily and randomly allocated to four groups: balance training (3 d/wk for 12 wk), balance training with computerized cognitive training (3 d/wk for 12 wk), computerized cognitive training group and control group. Psychomotor performance of all subjects was measured by Vienna Test System which was a computerized psychological assessment tool...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643001/immune-cell-bdnf-expression-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-patients-and-following-one-year-of-immunomodulation-therapy
#18
Alicja Kalinowska-Łyszczarz, Mikołaj A Pawlak, Aleksandra Wyciszkiewicz, Krystyna Osztynowicz, Wojciech Kozubski, Sławomir Michalak
Although neurons are the main source of neurotrophins in the healthy brain, neurotrophins can also be expressed in the immune system. We have previously shown that in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) lower immune-cell neurotrophin levels are associated with brain atrophy and cognitive impairment. The aim of the present study was to assess if immune-cell neurotrophin expression is impaired in MS as compared with the healthy controls, and to describe if these levels change in treatment-naïve RRMS patients, following one year of immunomodulation...
March 29, 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642656/socio-economic-disparities-and-difficulties-to-access-to-healthcare-services-among-canadian-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-and-disabilities
#19
Sana Raouafi, Sofiane Achiche, Maxime Raison
Objectives: The aim of this study is to identify the association between levels of severity of nurodevelopmental disorders and disabilities (NDD/D) in children, their household socio-economic status (SES), and the frequency of visits to a healthcare provider; and (2) to examine how the severity of disability differs with these determinants among NDD/D subgroups, to make a social policy change and improve access to health care system. Methods: The data from the 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS) on children (5-14y), collected by Statistics Canada, was analyzed (n= 7,072 and weighted n = 340,340)...
March 29, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628134/sleep-disturbance-and-symptom-burden-in-sarcoidosis
#20
Bryan S Benn, Zoe Lehman, Sharon A Kidd, Christine Miaskowski, Bernie Y Sunwoo, Melissa Ho, Sara Sun, Joris Ramstein, Jeffrey M Gelfand, Laura L Koth
INTRODUCTION: Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory disease associated with myriad symptoms, including fatigue. It can affect physiological processes like sleep, leading to poor sleep quality and excessive daytime sleepiness. We hypothesized that sarcoidosis patients would report more severe sleep disturbance than healthy controls and that relationships would be found with sleep disturbance and the severity of other symptoms. METHODS: We enrolled 84 sarcoidosis patients and 30 healthy controls and recorded demographic and clinical characteristics...
March 24, 2018: Respiratory Medicine
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