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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668146/-adolescents-suffering-from-anorexia-nervosa-an-evidence-based-approach-of-the-parent-s-role-in-2018
#1
Sophie Vust, Solange Cook-Darzens, Françoise Lier, Anne-Emmanuelle Ambresin
A new paradigm in the management of adolescents with eating disorders promotes different treatment orientations aiming at increasing therapeutic effectiveness as well as offering a more integrated and coherent care for families. Particular attention is given to the process of refeeding to avoid the severe somatic sequelae of eating disorder and the risk of a chronic course for a disorder which is well known for its « addictive » power and influence. The parents and the need for a strong alliance with the healthcare team stand at the centre of this new paradigm...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667850/a-survey-of-fellowship-trained-upper-extremity-surgeons-on-treatment-of-lateral-epicondylitis
#2
Steven R Niedermeier, Nisha Crouser, Amy Speeckaert, Kanu S Goyal
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to investigate current management strategies for lateral epicondylitis by fellowship-trained upper extremity surgeons. METHODS: A 17-question survey of treatment approaches and outcomes related to lateral epicondylitis was sent to 3354 surgeons using the American Society for Surgery of the Hand and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons member databases. RESULTS: Six hundred twelve upper extremity surgeons completed the survey...
April 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667726/interventions-for-infantile-haemangiomas-of-the-skin
#3
REVIEW
Monica Novoa, Eulalia Baselga, Sandra Beltran, Lucia Giraldo, Ali Shahbaz, Hector Pardo-Hernandez, Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Infantile haemangiomas (previously known as strawberry birthmarks) are soft, raised swellings of the skin that occur in 3% to 10% of infants. These benign vascular tumours are usually uncomplicated and tend to regress spontaneously. However, when haemangiomas occur in high-risk areas, such as near the eyes, throat, or nose, impairing their function, or when complications develop, intervention may be necessary. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2011...
April 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667627/propofol-inhibits-hela-cells-by-impairing-autophagic-flux-via-amp-activated-protein-kinase-ampk-activation-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-regulated-by-calcium
#4
Xi Chen, Kai Li, Guoqing Zhao
BACKGROUND Propofol has antitumor effects against various cancers. However, the mechanism of action of propofol in HeLa human cervical cancer cells has not been elucidated. MATERIAL AND METHODS We treated HeLa human cervical cancer cells with different concentrations of propofol. Cell viability was evaluated with Cell Counting Kit-8 and apoptosis was analyzed by annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate and propidium iodide staining and flow cytometry. Autophagosome formation was evaluated based on microtubule-associated protein light chain (LC)3 conversion and light chain 3 puncta formation...
April 18, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667158/obesity-prevention-and-management-strategies-in-canada-shifting-paradigms-and-putting-people-first
#5
REVIEW
Arya M Sharma, Ximena Ramos Salas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study was to review public and private sector obesity policies in Canada and to make recommendations for future evidence-based obesity prevention and management strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Synthesis of obesity prevention and management policies and research studies are presented in three primary themes: (1) Increased awareness about the impact of weight bias and obesity stigma in Canada; (2) Inadequate government obesity prevention and management policies and strategies; and (3) Lack of comprehensive private sector obesity prevention and management policies...
April 17, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667126/treatment-of-submassive-and-massive-pulmonary-embolism-a-clinical-practice-survey-from-the-second-annual-meeting-of-the-pulmonary-embolism-response-team-consortium
#6
Thomas M Todoran, Jay Giri, Geoffrey D Barnes, Rachel P Rosovsky, Yuchiao Chang, Michael R Jaff, Kenneth Rosenfield, Christopher Kabrhel
There is a paucity of robust clinical trial data to guide the treatment of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) thus the clinical guidelines rely heavily on expert opinion. Pulmonary Embolism Response Teams (PERT) have been developed to streamline the care of patients with acute PE. We conducted a survey among 100 experts in the field of PE during the second annual meeting of the PERT Consortium. Respondents were queried with respect to their demographic information, clinical practice questions and clinical vignettes...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667092/intraoperative-pyloric-interventions-during-oesophagectomy-a-multicentre-study
#7
Salvatore Marchese, Yassar A Qureshi, Shazia P Hafiz, Khaled Dawas, Paul Turner, M Muntzer Mughal, Borzoueh Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Denervation of the pylorus after oesophagectomy is considered the principal factor responsible for delayed gastric emptying. Several studies have attempted to delineate whether surgical or chemical management of the pylorus during oesophagectomy is of benefit, but with conflicting results. The aim of this multicentre study was to assess whether there was any difference in outcomes between different approaches to management of the pylorus. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database was used to identify patients who underwent oesophagectomy for malignancy...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666816/surgical-approach-in-oligometastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Davide Patrini, Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos, Benedetta Bedetti, Sofoklis Mitsos, Roberto Crisci, Piergiorgio Solli, Luca Bertolaccini, Marco Scarci
The vast majority of lung cancer (80%) are non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) presenting in huge proportion of patients in a metastatic stage at the time of diagnosis with an overall survival (OS) of only 6 months. Standard treatment at this stage involves systemic platinum based chemotherapy improving the OS for only few months. For the vast majority of patients disease progression occurs and cure cannot achieved. An exception to this general rule is represented by patients with a limited number of metastasis (approximately 7% of patients with metastatic NSCLC): in 1995 Hellman and Weichselbaum introduced the term "oligometastatic" for a selected group of patients with metastatic disease...
March 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666713/comprehensive-treatment-of-severe-periodontal-and-periimplant-bone-destruction-caused-by-iatrogenic-factors
#9
Gregor-Georg Zafiropoulos, Andreas Parashis, Taha Abdullah, Evangelos Sotiropoulos, Gordon John
Dental implant success requires placement after periodontal therapy, with adequate bone volume, plaque control, primary stability, control of risk factors, and use of well-designed prostheses. This report describes the surgical and prosthetic management of a patient with severe iatrogenic periodontal/periimplant bone destruction. Methods. A 55-year-old female smoker with fixed partial dentures (FPDs) supported on teeth and implants presented with oral pain, swelling, bleeding, and a 10-year history of multiple implant placements and implants/prosthesis failures/replacements...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666529/natural-preservatives-for-superficial-scald-reduction-and-enhancement-of-protective-phenolic-linked-antioxidant-responses-in-apple-during-post-harvest-storage
#10
Dipayan Sarkar, Chandrakant Ankolekar, Duane Greene, Kalidas Shetty
Superficial scald during post-harvest storage is a serious problem for long-term preservation and shelf-life of some apple and pear cultivars. Development of superficial scald and related physiological disorders such as enzymatic and non-enzymatic browning are associated in part with oxidative breakdown and redox imbalance. Therefore, targeting natural antioxidants from food-grade sources as post-harvest treatment to reduce superficial scald has merit. Such natural antioxidants can potentially counter oxidation-linked damages associated with superficial scald through stimulation of antioxidant enzyme responses and biosynthesis of less-oxidized phenolics involving protective redox-linked pathway such as proline-associated pentose phosphate pathway...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666318/economics-and-policy-driven-organic-carbon-input-enhancement-dominates-soil-organic-carbon-accumulation-in-chinese-croplands
#11
Yongcun Zhao, Meiyan Wang, Shuijin Hu, Xudong Zhang, Zhu Ouyang, Ganlin Zhang, Biao Huang, Shiwei Zhao, Jinshui Wu, Deti Xie, Bo Zhu, Dongsheng Yu, Xianzhang Pan, Shengxiang Xu, Xuezheng Shi
China's croplands have experienced drastic changes in management practices, such as fertilization, tillage, and residue treatments, since the 1980s. There is an ongoing debate about the impact of these changes on soil organic carbon (SOC) and its implications. Here we report results from an extensive study that provided direct evidence of cropland SOC sequestration in China. Based on the soil sampling locations recorded by the Second National Soil Survey of China in 1980, we collected 4,060 soil samples in 2011 from 58 counties that represent the typical cropping systems across China...
April 17, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666215/control-of-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-bioenergetics
#12
REVIEW
Charles Affourtit, Ben Alberts, Jonathan Barlow, Jane E Carré, Anthony G Wynne
The canonical model of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) by pancreatic β-cells predicts a glucose-induced rise in the cytosolic ATP/ADP ratio. Such bioenergetic sensitivity to metabolic fuel is unusual as it implies that ATP flux is governed, to a significant extent, by ATP supply, while it is predominantly demand-driven in other cell types. Metabolic control is generally shared between different processes, but potential control of ATP consumption over β-cell bioenergetics has been largely ignored to date...
April 17, 2018: Biochemical Society Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666043/mobile-app-usage-patterns-of-patients-prescribed-a-smoking-cessation-medicine-prospective-observational-study
#13
Marianna Bruno, Marcia Wright, Christine L Baker, Birol Emir, Eric Carda, Michelle Clausen, Catherine Sigler, Aanal Patel
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of death and is responsible for more than 480,000 deaths per year in the United States. Smoking cessation is challenging for many patients. Regardless of available treatment options, most quit attempts are unaided, and it takes multiple attempts before a patient is successful. With the ever-increasing use of smartphones, mobile apps hold promise in supporting cessation efforts. This study evaluates the ease of use and user satisfaction with the Pfizer Meds app to support smoking cessation among patients prescribed varenicline (Chantix)...
April 17, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665997/lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-what-s-new-in-medical-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Benoit Peyronnet, Benjamin M Brucker, Martin C Michel
CONTEXT: Pharmacological treatment is a cornerstone in the management of patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). OBJECTIVE: To review emerging evidence in the medical treatment of LUTS. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: An Embase/Pubmed-based literature search was conducted in December 2017, screening for randomized controlled trials (RCTs), prospective and retrospective series, animal model studies, and reviews on medical treatment of LUTS...
April 14, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665943/-interpretation-of-the-guidance-for-immune-thrombocytopenia-review
#15
Xiao-Yang Yang, Meng-Jie Wan, Fang-Ping Chen
Since the American Medical Association published the 2011 guidelines for immune thrombocytopenia, China has been the first to update the guidelines for immune thrombocytopenia based on evidence-based medicine. Recently, there have been many breakthroughs in clinical research published, especially the Chinese medical workers have made a prominent contribution to the treatment of the immune thrombocytopenia. However, the references of systematic drug introduction for children, adults, aged and pregnant women are still insufficient, and the first or second line treatment for some patients were ineffective...
April 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665535/initiation-of-soil-formation-in-weathered-sulfidic-cu-pb-zn-tailings-under-subtropical-and-semi-arid-climatic-conditions
#16
Fang You, Ram Dalal, Longbin Huang
Field evidence has been scarce about soil (or technosol) formation and direct phytostabilization of base metal mine tailings under field conditions. The present study evaluated key attributes of soil formation in weathered and neutral Cu-Pb-Zn tailings subject to organic amendment (WC: woodchips) and colonization of pioneer native plant species (mixed native woody and grass plant species) in a 2.5-year field trial under subtropical and semi-arid climatic conditions. Key soil indicators of engineered soil formation process were characterized, including organic carbon fractions, aggregation, microbial community and key enzymatic activities...
April 11, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665515/a-naturalistic-longitudinal-study-of-extended-inpatient-treatment-for-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder-an-examination-of-treatment-response-remission-and-deterioration
#17
J Christopher Fowler, Joshua D Clapp, Alok Madan, Jon G Allen, B Christopher Frueh, Peter Fonagy, John M Oldham
BACKGROUND: Experts express reluctance to hospitalize patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) for more than a few days, arguing that extended inpatient care leads to deterioration and adverse events. To date, there is no empirical support for these assertions. AIMS: The current study examined the assumption of iatrogenic effects among BPD adults. METHODS: Clinically significant and reliable change in symptoms, functional capacities, and adverse events were quantified for both inpatients with BPD (n = 245) and a well-matched inpatient reference (n = 220) sample...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665483/absorption-of-arsenic-from-soil-and-water-by-two-chard-beta-vulgaris-l-varieties-a-potential-risk-to-human-health
#18
L M Yañez, J A Alfaro, G Bovi Mitre
The accumulation of arsenic (As) in vegetables poses a risk of contamination to humans via the food chain. Two chard (var. cicla and var. d'ampuis) crops were grown for 60 days in greenhouses on Aridisol soil, and irrigated with water from Pastos Chicos, Jujuy (Argentina). The soil and water used in the trial presented 49 and 1.44 mg/L As concentration levels, respectively. Total dry biomass (TDB) and total As were determined in soils, roots and leaves. The latter was quantified by atomic absorption spectrometry with hydride generation, and bioconcentration and translocation factors were determined...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665461/targeting-acceptance-in-the-management-of-food-craving-the-mediating-roles-of-eating-styles-and-thought-suppression
#19
Jaime A Coffino, Sydney Heiss, Julia M Hormes
Food craving is now widely considered to be a cognitively motivated state. Acceptance-based treatments are effective in reducing the adverse impact of food cravings on consumption, via a hypothesized decrease in experiential avoidance. The mechanisms that drive the success of acceptance-based management of craving remain to be empirically tested. This study examined the role of eating styles and thought suppression as mediators in the relationship between experiential avoidance and craving. Participants (n = 298, 51...
April 12, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665275/effect-of-edta-and-hyaluronic-acid-on-the-viability-and-cytokine-expression-of-periodontal-ligament-fibroblasts
#20
Monique Costa Moreira França, Tânia Mara Da Silva, Gleyce Oliveira Silva, Márcia Carneiro Valera, Carlos Henrique Ribeiro Camargo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dental root cell proliferation following tooth avulsion has not been well researched. Understanding the effects of dry time and dentin treatment influences on cell proliferation is essential to provide evidence-based guidelines for tooth replantation. The study evaluated the viability of periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PLF) in contact with roots, submitted to surface treatments with EDTA and hyaluronic acid (HA) at different times, including to quantify inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-8, IL-1β and TNF-α expressed by PLF...
April 17, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
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