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Specific Learning Disabilities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908156/classifying-the-molecular-functions-of-rab-gtpases-in-membrane-trafficking-using-deep-convolutional-neural-networks
#1
Nguyen-Quoc-Khanh Le, Quang-Thai Ho, Yu-Yen Ou
Deep learning has been increasingly used to solve a number of problems with state-of-the-art performance in a wide variety of fields. In biology, deep learning can be applied to reduce feature extraction time and achieve high levels of performance. In our present work, we apply deep learning via two-dimensional convolutional neural networks and position-specific scoring matrices to classify Rab protein molecules, which are main regulators in membrane trafficking for transferring proteins and other macromolecules throughout the cell...
June 13, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888094/predicting-neonatal-encephalopathy-from-maternal-data-in-electronic-medical-records
#2
Thomas Li, Cheng Gao, Chao Yan, Sarah Osmundson, Bradley A Malin, You Chen
Neonatal encephalopathy (NE) is a leading cause of neonatal mortality and lifetime neurological disability. The earlier the risk of NE can be assessed, the more effective interventions can be in preventing adverse outcomes. Existing studies that focus on intrapartum risk factors do not provide the early prognostic forecasting necessary to prepare healthcare professionals to intervene early in a high-risk NE case. This work used maternal data in a supervised machine learning framework to predict NE events. Specifically, we 1) collected the electronic medical records (EMRs) for 104 NE newborns and 31,054 non-NE newborns and their mothers, 2) trained and tested a regularized logistic regression on imbalanced and high-dimensional EMR data, and 3) discerned important features that could be possible risk factors...
2018: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882521/brain-spect-scans-in-students-with-specific-learning-disability-preliminary-results
#3
S Karande, N Deshmukh, V Rangarajan, A Agrawal, R Sholapurwala
Background and Objectives: Brain single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) assesses brain function through measurement of regional cerebral blood flow. This study was conducted to assess whether students with newly diagnosed specific learning disability (SpLD) show any abnormalities in cerebral cortex perfusion. Settings and Design: Cross-sectional single-arm pilot study in two tertiary care hospitals. Subjects and Methods: Nine students with SpLD were enrolled...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873159/-i-kind-of-figured-it-out-the-views-and-experiences-of-people-with-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi-in-using-social-media-self-determination-for-participation-and-inclusion-online
#4
Melissa Brunner, Stuart Palmer, Leanne Togher, Bronwyn Hemsley
BACKGROUND: Social media can support people with communication disability to access information, social participation and support. However, little is known about the experiences of people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who use social media to determine their needs in relation to social media use. AIMS: To determine the views and experiences of adults with TBI and cognitive-communication disability on using social media, specifically: (1) the nature of their social media experience; (2) barriers and facilitators to successful use; and (3) strategies that enabled their use of social media...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802023/neuropsychological-profile-in-italian-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-nf1-and-their-relationships-with-neuroradiological-data-preliminary-results
#5
A Parmeggiani, F Boiani, S Capponi, M Duca, M Angotti, V Pignataro, L Sacrato, L Spinardi, G Vara, L Maltoni, I Cecconi, M Pastore Trossello, E Franzoni
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 is a genetic disorder associated with cognitive deficits, learning disabilities and behavioral problems. These domains appear to have a still controversial debated association with local areas of T2-hyperintensities on MRI images, called unidentified bright objects (UBOs). METHODS: A cohort of 36 children (aged 7-11 years) included consecutively, underwent neuropsychological and behavioral assessment to determine their cognitive and neuropsychological profile, and the frequency of specific learning disabilities...
May 4, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790413/specific-language-impairment-and-reading-disability-categorical-distinction-or-continuum
#6
George C Spanoudis, Timothy C Papadopoulos, Spyroula Spyrou
Specific language impairment (SLI) and reading disability (RD) are familial, moderately heritable comorbid developmental disorders. The key deficit of SLI is oral language, whereas children with RD exhibit impairment in learning to read. The present study examines the possible co-occurrence of RD and SLI and the nature of this co-occurrence at a linguistic and a cognitive level in an orthographically consistent language. Four groups of children participated in the study: an RD group ( n = 10), an SLI group ( n = 13), a possible comorbid group ( n = 9), and a control-no deficit group ( n = 20)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790394/speech-and-language-pathologists-perceptions-and-practises-of-communication-partner-training-to-support-children-s-communication-with-high-tech-speech-generating-devices
#7
Helena Tegler, Mia Pless, Monica Blom Johansson, Karin Sonnander
PURPOSE: This study examined speech and language pathologists' (SLPs') perceptions and practices of communication partner training with high-tech speech generating devices (SGDs). METHOD: Fifteen SLPs were recruited throughout Sweden. The SLPs answered a study-specific questionnaire on communication partner training in relation to communication partners to children with severe cerebral palsy and intellectual disability. The results were analysed with descriptive statistics (closed-ended questions, responses on Likert scales) and content analysis (open-ended question) using ICF-CY...
May 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790107/the-role-of-pharmacogenomics-in-bipolar-disorder-moving-towards-precision-medicine
#8
REVIEW
Claudia Pisanu, Urs Heilbronner, Alessio Squassina
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a common and disabling psychiatric condition with a severe socioeconomic impact. BD is treated with mood stabilizers, among which lithium represents the first-line treatment. Lithium alone or in combination is effective in 60% of chronically treated patients, but response remains heterogenous and a large number of patients require a change in therapy after several weeks or months. Many studies have so far tried to identify molecular and genetic markers that could help us to predict response to mood stabilizers or the risk for adverse drug reactions...
May 22, 2018: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775869/mathematics-intervention-for-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-a-replication-and-extension-of-the-math-interactive-learning-experience-mile-program
#9
Katrina Kully-Martens, Jacqueline Pei, Julie Kable, Claire D Coles, Gail Andrew, Carmen Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) experience deficits in behavior, cognition, and academic functioning resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). Although receiving intervention for developmental disabilities is a strong protective factor against negative outcomes in FASD, intervention research in this population is in its infancy. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to replicate and extend a mathematics intervention, the Math Interactive Learning Experience (MILE) program, which was developed in the USA specifically for children with FASD...
July 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773528/a-digital-app-to-aid-detection-monitoring-and-management-of-dyslexia-in-young-children-dimmand-protocol-for-a-digital-health-and-education-solution
#10
Mariam R Sood, Annet Toornstra, Martin I Sereno, Mark Boland, Daniele Filaretti, Anuj Sood
BACKGROUND: Dyslexia, a specific learning difficulty and a disability as defined in the Equality Act 2010, is a lifelong condition that affects a child from the start of education. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties in language processing (reading, spelling, and writing) which do not correspond with the child's general intellectual abilities. Although dyslexia cannot be cured, there is a consensus that interventions are more effective and have greater impact the earlier they are administered...
May 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771189/-i-m-just-trying-to-cope-for-both-of-us-challenges-and-supports-of-family-caregivers-in-participant-directed-programs
#11
Aimee Milliken, Ellen K Mahoney, Kevin J Mahoney, Kate Mignosa, Isabella Rodriguez, Catherine Cuchetti, Megumi Inoue
Recently, national attention has focused on the needs of family caregivers providing complex chronic care, noting the necessity to better understand the scope of challenges they encounter. Although a robust body of literature exists about the scope of family caregiving, little is known specifically about the experiences and perspectives of family caregivers who support participant directed (PD) participants, particularly across the caregiving trajectory. Therefore, the aim of this qualitative descriptive study was to describe what family caregivers of individuals with developmental disabilities, physical disabilities, aging, or chronic health conditions identify as the challenges they experience as complex, and their perceptions of the effectiveness and gaps in family support resources in PD...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768942/updated-meta-review-of-evidence-on-support-for-carers
#12
Jane Dalton, Sian Thomas, Melissa Harden, Alison Eastwood, Gillian Parker
Objective To update a 2010 meta-review of systematic reviews of effective interventions to support carers of ill, disabled, or older adults. In this article, we report the most promising interventions based on the best available evidence. Methods Rapid meta-review of systematic reviews published from January 2009 to 2016. Results Sixty-one systematic reviews were included (27 high quality, 25 medium quality, and nine low quality). The quality of reviews has improved since the original review, but primary studies remain limited in quality and quantity...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764297/identifying-dyslexia-risk-for-sport-related-concussion-management-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-self-report-and-rapid-naming
#13
Rebecca Wiseheart, Robin Wellington
BACKGROUND: Dyslexia is the most common type of learning disability and studies have shown that student-athletes with learning disabilities sustain more concussions than their non-affected peers. However, current methods of dyslexia identification in college students are potentially invalid because they rely on students to self-report formal dyslexia diagnoses. METHODS: To test the accuracy of self-report against two alternative methods of dyslexia screening, 94 college students completed three dyslexia symptom inventories, two rapid naming (RAN) tasks, and a standard word reading measure...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758388/second-language-learners-who-are-at-risk-for-reading-disabilities-a-growth-mixture-model-study
#14
Susanna S Yeung
This one-year longitudinal study examined the developmental trajectories of English reading in Chinese children learning English as a second language (ESL) and identified cognitive profiles of children who are at risk for English reading disability. One hundred and eighty-four Chinese ESL children from eight Hong Kong kindergartens were measured four times during their last year of kindergarten for phonological awareness, letter knowledge, vocabulary and English word reading. Growth mixture modeling was applied to classify the children based on their growth trajectories in English word reading...
May 11, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756481/biofeedback-interventions-for-individuals-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#15
Alexander MacIntosh, Emily Lam, Vincent Vigneron, Nicolas Vignais, Elaine Biddiss
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the quality of evidence of biofeedback interventions aimed at improving motor activities in people with Cerebral Palsy (CP). Second, to describe the relationship between intervention outcomes and biofeedback characteristics. METHODS: Eight databases were searched for rehabilitation interventions that provided external feedback and addressed motor activities. Two reviewers independently assessed and extracted data...
May 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748952/disentangling-tourette-syndrome-heterogeneity-through-hierarchical-ascendant-clustering
#16
Elena Cravedi, Emmanuelle Deniau, Marianna Giannitelli, Hugues Pellerin, Virginie Czernecki, Tiphanie Priou, Jean Xavier, Angèle Consoli, Andreas Hartmann, David Cohen
AIM: To explore the heterogeneity of Tourette syndrome as part of a neurodevelopmental spectrum. METHOD: Using hierarchical ascendant clustering based on tic symptoms, developmental milestones, and neurodevelopmental comorbidities, we analyzed the heterogeneity of Tourette syndrome phenotypes in a sample of 174 children and adolescents with Tourette syndrome referred to a tertiary university clinic. RESULTS: The model yielded three distinct clusters characterized as follows...
May 10, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744066/characterization-of-two-familial-cases-presenting-with-a-syndromic-specific-learning-disorder-and-carrying-17q-21q-unbalanced-translocations
#17
Julie Coton, Audrey Labalme, Marianne Till, Gerald Bussy, Sonia Krifi Papoz, Gaetan Lesca, Delphine Heron, Damien Sanlaville, Patrick Edery, Vincent des Portes, Massimiliano Rossi
Chromosomal microarray (CMA) can detect pathogenic copy number variations in 15-20% of individuals with intellectual disability and in 10% of patients with autism spectrum disorders. The diagnostic rate in specific learning disorders (SLD) is unknown. Our study emphasizes the usefulness of CMA in the diagnostic workout assessment of familial SLD.
May 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741207/genetic-generalized-epilepsies
#18
Saul A Mullen, Samuel F Berkovic
The genetic generalized epilepsies (GGEs) are mainly genetically determined disorders. Although inheritance in most cases appears to be complex, involving multiple genes, variants of a number of genes are known to contribute. Pathogenic variants of SLC2A1 leading to autosomal-dominant GLUT1 deficiency account for up to 1% of cases, increasing to 10% of those with absence seizures starting before age 4 years. Copy number variants are found in around 3% of cases, acting as risk alleles. Copy number variation is much more common in those with comorbid learning disability...
May 9, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734887/patient-autonomy-in-home-care-nurses-relational-practices-of-responsibility
#19
Gaby Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, new healthcare policies are transforming healthcare practices towards independent living and self-care of older people and people with a chronic disease or disability within the community. For professional caregivers in home care, such as nurses, this requires a shift from a caring attitude towards the promotion of patient autonomy. AIM: To explore how nurses in home care deal with the transformation towards fostering patient autonomy and self-care...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731728/non-cognitive-characteristics-of-gifted-students-with-learning-disabilities-an-in-depth-systematic-review
#20
Else Beckmann, Alexander Minnaert
Gifted students who also have learning disabilities (G/LD) are often overlooked when students are assessed either for giftedness or specific learning disabilities. The cognitive and non-cognitive characteristics of these G/LD students are habitually discussed only briefly alongside identification and intervention issues and, beyond that, the relevance of non-cognitive characteristics is often left unconsidered. Accordingly, this study aims to conduct an in-depth review of the non-cognitive characteristics of these students for identification and intervention purposes...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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