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Nicola Magnavita, Carlo Chiorri
BACKGROUND: The active role of nursing students is particularly important in the delivery of health care, since playing an active role at the bedside and the use of active and collaborative engagement of students in the nursing activities has been associated with improved student learning. This is consistent with Karasek's learning hypothesis, but it has never been tested on nursing students. This study aimed at investigating whether nursing students in high control conditions reported lower levels of work impairment than students in the conditions with low control, compared them with a group of healthcare workers (HCWs), and tested the moderating role of social support at work...
June 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Mark Kaddumukasa, Martin N Kaddumukasa, William Buwembo, Ian G Munabi, Carol Blixen, Samden Lhatoo, Nelson Sewankambo, Elly Katabira, Martha Sajatovic
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review identified papers that described epilepsy misconceptions or stigma in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and research interventions focused on reducing these misconceptions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Publications in the English language from January 2000 to October 2017 that described original research conducted in SSA on misconceptions about epilepsy were utilized. RESULTS: Twenty-three publications were identified. Studies were from Nigeria (N = 4), Cameroon (N = 4), Uganda (N = 3), Zambia (N = 2), Ethiopia (N = 2), Tanzania (N = 2), Kenya (N = 2), Ghana, Zimbabwe, Benin, and Mali (N = 1 each)...
June 12, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
M G Botelho
INTRODUCTION: This study presents a novel, student-centred, on-demand video learning modality that supports students as they transition from theory to clinical practice. Authentic, one-to-one teacher and student consultations have been video recorded and uploaded online for the peers and subsequent years of students to consume and learn from. This study describes the development and use of these communal consultation videos (CCVs), examines how students perceive this novel intervention and proposes supporting educational theory...
June 14, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Titi Yang, Qian Zhang, Qian Gan, Xiaoqi Hu, Suying Chang, Wenhua Zhao
The "Nutrition Campus "pilot program is based on findings from"Nutritional status and intervention strategy study for urban primary and secondary students". The "Campus nutrition education strategy study in urban primary and secondary students"in Shunyi, Beijing was launched in the first place as a leading part of the pilot program. A total of 12 primary and secondary schools from 8 pilot districts/counties of 8 provinces/cities are involved in the program to prevent and control child malnutrition in all kinds...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Leanne Tamm, James Peugh
The most common method used to evaluate child behavior and functioning is rating scales completed by parents and/or teachers. Given that executive functioning (EF) plays a fundamental role in the developing child's cognitive, behavioral, and social-emotional development, it would be ideal if ratings of EF and performance-based EF measures assess the same construct. However, most studies report a small to negligible association between performance-based measures and ratings of EF. There are few studies investigating this association for preschoolers, and most only include parent ratings...
June 14, 2018: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
Aileen W K Chan, Fiona W K Tang, Kai Chow Choi, Ting Liu, Ruth E Taylor-Piliae
BACKGROUND: Clinical practicum is a major learning component for pre-registration nursing students. Various clinical practicum models have been used to facilitate students' clinical learning experiences, employing both university-based and hospital-based clinical teachers. Considering the strengths and limitations of these clinical practicum models, along with nursing workforce shortages, we developed and tested an innovative clinical partnership model (CPM) in Hong Kong. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an innovative CPM among nursing students actual and preferred clinical learning environment, compared with a conventional facilitation model (CFM)...
June 5, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Codi White, Dianne C Shanley, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Kerryann Walsh, Russell Hawkins, Katrina Lines, Haley Webb
Promoting young children's interpersonal safety knowledge, intentions confidence and skills is the goal of many child maltreatment prevention programs; however, evaluation of their effectiveness has been limited. In this study, a randomized controlled trial was conducted examining the effectiveness of the Australian protective behaviors program, Learn to be safe with Emmy and friends™ compared to a waitlist condition. In total, 611 Australian children in Grade 1 (5-7 years; 50% male) participated, with assessments at Pre-intervention, Post-intervention and a 6-month follow-up...
June 11, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Leslie A Rescorla, Mary C Blumenfeld, Masha Y Ivanova, Thomas M Achenbach, International Aseba Consortium
Our objective was to examine international similarities and differences in the Dysregulation Profile (DP) of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), Teacher's Report Form (TRF), and Youth Self-Report (YSR) via comparisons of data from many societies. Primary samples were those studied by Rescorla et al. (2012): CBCL: N = 69,866, 42 societies; YSR: N = 38,070, 34 societies; TRF: N = 37,244, 27 societies. Omnicultural Q correlations of items composing the DP (from the Anxious/Depressed, Attention Problems, and Aggressive Behavior syndromes) indicated considerable consistency across diverse societies with respect to which of the DP items tended to receive low, medium, or high ratings, whether ratings were provided by parents (M Q = ...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Tessa Reardon, Susan H Spence, Jordan Hesse, Alia Shakir, Cathy Creswell
Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent mental health disorders experienced by children and are associated with significant negative outcomes. Only a minority of affected children, however, access professional help, and a failure to identify children with anxiety disorders presents a key barrier to treatment access. Existing child anxiety questionnaire measures are long and time consuming to complete, limiting their potential for widespread use as identification tools in community settings. We developed a brief questionnaire for parents, children, and teachers using items from the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS) and evaluated the new measure's psychometric properties, capacity to discriminate between a community (n = 361) and clinic-referred sample (n = 338) of children aged 7-11, and identified optimal cut-off scores for accurate identification of preadolescent children experiencing clinically significant levels of anxiety...
June 14, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Thomas Bodenheimer, Margae Knox, Sara Syer
In this issue, Brandt and colleagues and Uhlig and colleagues highlight barriers faced by health professional schools implementing interprofessional education and describe how clinical learning environments can overcome those obstacles. Primary care residency teaching clinics provide an excellent opportunity for interprofessional education and patient care, with teachers and learners from various professions caring for patients together. This Invited Commentary offers three interprofessional education strategies used by five "bright spot" family medicine teaching clinics: (1) separate clinics for patients with complex healthcare needs during which learners from various professions see patients together; (2) interprofessional interactions in day-to-day patient care; and (3) case conferences across professions to discuss patients...
June 12, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Arno K Kumagai, Lisa Richardson, Sarah Khan, Ayelet Kuper
Given the constant pressures of overflowing clinics, hospital wards, and emergency departments; shortened duty hours; and increased accreditation requirements, over-burdened clinician teachers ask, "how does one teach for humanism and justice?" How does one step away-even momentarily-and focus teaching on the individual in front of us, the person who requires our attention and care? This approach must not only involve content (the patient's perspective of illness, social context, and life story) but it also must be tightly linked with the ways in which these lessons in living are learned and taught...
June 12, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Tiphaine Huyghebaert, Nicolas Gillet, Nicolas Beltou, Fanny Tellier, Evelyne Fouquereau
This study investigated the mediating role of sleeping problems in the relationship between workload and outcomes (emotional exhaustion, presenteeism, job satisfaction, and performance), and overcommitment was examined as a moderator in the relationship between workload and sleeping problems. We conducted an empirical study using a sample of 884 teachers. Consistent with our predictions, results revealed that the positive indirect effects of workload on emotional exhaustion and presenteeism, and the negative indirect effects of workload on job satisfaction and performance, through sleeping problems, were only significant among overcommitted teachers...
June 14, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
Sayabek Ziyadin, Natalya Shash, Dina Kenzhebekova, Gulmira Yessenova, Ulan Tlemissov
This article has researched role of leaders in developing expertise in teaching and their influence on teachers in secondary school in Kazakhstan. Also, how principles can affect to educators developing to meet needs and challenges of today's trends of teaching and learning. The following research report has been precisely written to evaluate the exact role of leadership practices in the development of expertise in teaching and in what manner the expert teachers or the principals help to develop expertise across various departments of the schools...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Ana Nadal, Oriol Pons, Eva Cuerva, Joan Rieradevall, Alejandro Josa
Today, urban agriculture is one of the most widely used sustainability strategies to improve the metabolism of a city. Schools can play an important role in the implementation of sustainability master plans, due their socio-educational activities and their cohesive links with families; all key elements in the development of urban agriculture. Thus, the main objective of this research is to develop a procedure, in compact cities, to assess the potential installation of rooftop greenhouses (RTGs) in schools. The generation of a dynamic assessment tool capable of identifying and prioritizing schools with a high potential for RTGs and their eventual implementation would also represent a significant factor in the environmental, social, and nutritional education of younger generations...
June 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Eustáquio José de Souza, Rodrigo Lopes Miranda, Sérgio Dias Cirino
The article discusses the reception and circulation of programmed instruction at the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais as an example of the appropriation of behavioral analysis in Brazil and sheds light on part of this appropriation in the 1960s and 1970s in the context of Brazil's higher education reform and of US social and intellectual influence. Results indicate that the indigenization of programmed instruction involved its circulation as an educational resource that emphasized the student's role and his autonomy from the teacher...
April 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Isabella Mota-Veloso, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Marcio Alexandre Homem, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Saul Martins Paiva, Fernanda Oliveira-Ferreira
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by inappropriate levels of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and/or inattention. Individuals with ADHD may present limitations with regard to executive functions and performing activities that involve planning and/or attention/concentration. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between dental caries and signs of ADHD in a representative sample of schoolchildren. A representative sample of 851 schoolchildren aged seven to 12 years was randomly selected from public and private schools...
June 7, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Katharina Rathmann, Max Herke, Kristina Heilmann, Jaana M Kinnunen, Arja Rimpelä, Klaus Hurrelmann, Matthias Richter
Background: Schools are crucial settings for young people's development. Rare studies have examined the impact of perceived school-climate and academic well-being on young people's self-rated health in joint analyses. This study focuses on the role of perceived school-climate and academic well-being for young people's self-rated health and examines whether school climate is mediated by indicators of academic well-being. Methods: Data were obtained from the German National Educational Panel Study, including seventh grade students (n = 6838) aged 11-12, nested in 710 classes within 277 schools...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Gabriela Salim Xavier Moreira, Luciana Lorenzato, Carmem Beatriz Neufeld, Sebastião Sousa Almeida
The present study developed a Brazilian adaptation of the BAS for young adolescents, testing its factor structure by the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), concurrent and criterion validity, and its internal consistency. Participants were 347 adolescents (171 male and 176 female, aged between 10 and 13 years old). Three psychologists experts in psychological evaluation and three teachers of Portuguese of elementary school also participated for the adaptation stage of the items in order to be properly understood by the sample age group...
June 13, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Mojisola D Kupolati, Una E MacIntyre, Gerda J Gericke
Background: A theory-based contextual nutrition education manual (NEM) may enhance effective teaching of nutrition in schools. School nutrition education should lead to the realization of such benefits as improved health, scholarly achievement leading to manpower development and consequently the nation's development. The purpose of the study was to develop a contextual NEM for teachers of Grade 5 and 6 learners in the Bronkhorstspruit district, South Africa, and to assess teachers' perception on the use of the manual for teaching nutrition...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Samia S Al-Ghannami, Samir Al-Adawi, Kebreab Ghebremeskel, Mathias T Cramer, Izzeldin S Hussein, Yoeju Min, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan, Nasser Al-Sibani, Saleh M Al-Shammakhi, Fatma Al-Mamari, Atsu S S Dorvlo
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and specific parental risk factors that may contribute to the development of ADHD in children. Methods: The study was conducted in Oman among fourth-grade students (aged nine to 10 years). A standardized Arabic version of the National Initiative for Children's Health Quality Vanderbilt Assessment Scale (Teachers questionnaire) was used to determine the presence of ADHD...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
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