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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533823/high-school-teachers-openness-to-adopting-new-practices-the-role-of-personal-resources-and-organizational-climate
#1
Stacy R Johnson, Elise T Pas, Deanna Loh, Katrina J Debnam, Catherine P Bradshaw
Although evidence-based practices for students' social, emotional, and behavioral health are readily available, their adoption and quality implementation in schools are of increasing concern. Teachers are vital to implementation; yet, there is limited research on teachers' openness to adopting new practices, which may be essential to successful program adoption and implementation. The current study explored how perceptions of principal support, teacher affiliation, teacher efficacy, and burnout relate to teachers' openness to new practices...
March 2017: School Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533552/physical-activity-for-paediatric-rheumatic-diseases-standing-up-against-old-paradigms
#2
REVIEW
Bruno Gualano, Eloisa Bonfa, Rosa M R Pereira, Clovis A Silva
Over the past 50 years it has become clear that physical inactivity is associated with chronic disease risk. For several rheumatic diseases, bed rest was traditionally advocated as the best treatment, but several levels of evidence support the imminent paradigm shift from the prescription of bed rest to physical activity in individuals with paediatric rheumatic diseases, in particular juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, juvenile fibromyalgia, and juvenile dermatomyositis. Increasing levels of physical activity can alleviate several symptoms experienced by patients with paediatric rheumatic diseases, such as low aerobic fitness, pain, fatigue, muscle weakness and poor health-related quality of life...
May 23, 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533530/the-impact-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-control-policies-in-singapore-a-qualitative-analysis-of-public-perceptions
#3
Karen Siegel, Alex R Cook, Hanh La
Hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a widespread pediatric disease in Asia. Most cases are relatively mild and caused by Coxsackie viruses, but in epidemics caused by Enterovirus 71, severe complications can occur. In response to the deaths of dozens of children in a 1997 outbreak (Podin in BMC Public Health 6:180,1 Abubakar in Virus Res 61(1):1-9,2 WHO in3), Singapore practices childcare centre surveillance, case-isolation, and short-term closure of centres. We conducted 44 in-depth interviews with teachers, principals, and parents at four childcare centres in Singapore to better understand experiences with current control policies...
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532329/adhd-a-critical-update-for-educational-professionals
#4
Sanne Te Meerman, Laura Batstra, Hans Grietens, Allen Frances
A medical approach towards behavioural problems could make professionals without a medical background, like teachers and other educational professionals feel inapt. In this article, we raise six scientifically grounded considerations regarding ADHD, currently the most prevalent childhood psychiatric diagnosis. These "need to knows" show just how misguided and potentially stigmatizing current conceptualizations of unruly behaviour have become. Some examples are given of how teachers are misinformed, and alternative ways of reporting about neuropsychological research are suggested...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532328/pharmaceutical-entanglements-an-analysis-of-the-multiple-determinants-of-adhd-medication-effects-in-a-chilean-school
#5
Sebastian Rojas Navarro, Scott Vrecko
This article draws upon findings from ethnographic fieldwork conducted in a Chilean school to explore how the effects of globally circulating ADHD medications emerge within the localized contexts of everyday users. An analysis of observations of children on ADHD medications within classroom settings is developed which challenges the assumption, pervasive within biomedical paradigms, that the effects of such medications can be understood as resulting directly from their chemical properties and biological modes of action...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532256/preparing-medical-students-for-the-e-patient
#6
Ken Masters
The emergence of the e-patient has resulted in many medical practitioners' being ill-equipped to deal with the 21st-century medical practice. This Guide is a teaching guide for medical educators so that they can prepare their students for the new environment that has resulted from the emergence of the e-patient. Within the context of theoretical perspectives, the Guide begins by defining the concept, and examining the history of the e-patient, detailing typical e-patient activities and some complexities raised by these activities...
May 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531630/nutritional-knowledge-of-primary-school-teachers-in-association-with-their-participation-in-health-education-programs
#7
Sofia Stefanoudaki, Parthena Siamidi, Chrisi Markoulaki, Stella Koinaki, Vasileios Tranakas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531343/job-satisfaction-of-teachers-of-students-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing
#8
John L Luckner, Brittany Dorn
The pressure that educators are experiencing to educate more students, with more challenges, to higher levels of learning than any time in the past is significantly changing their working conditions. The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of a national sample of teachers of students who are deaf or hard of hearing to ascertain their overall job satisfaction as well as to identify the specific factors that positively and negatively affect their ability to do their jobs well. In addition, responses of different subsets of teachers (e...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531238/education-on-organ-donation-and-transplantation-in-primary-school-teachers-support-and-the-first-results-of-a-teaching-module
#9
Marion J Siebelink, A A Eduard Verhagen, Petrie F Roodbol, Marcel J I J Albers, Harry B M Van de Wiel
Organ and tissue donation can also involve children. Because of its sensitivity, this topic requires careful decision making. Children have the ability to carefully reflect on this subject and enjoy participating in family discussions about it. Therefore, what children need is proper information. When schools are used to educate children about this subject, information about teacher support for this type of lesson along with its effects on the depth of family discussions is important. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all 7,542 primary schools in the Netherlands...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530440/children-s-reasoning-about-deception-and-defiance-as-ways-of-resisting-parents-and-teachers-directives
#10
Matthew Gingo
This research presented 8-, 10-, and 12-year-olds (N = 120) with hypothetical situations depicting comparably aged children engaging in defiance and deception to circumvent authorities' directives that they disagreed with. The nature of the situations varied in terms of domain (personal, moral, or prudential) and type of authority figure (parent or teacher). Evaluations and justifications for the legitimacy of the directives, defiance, and deception were examined, as were general evaluations of deception. Across domains, increased age was associated with decreased acceptance of directives, and increased acceptance of defiance and deception...
May 22, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530438/adolescent-perceived-parent-and-teacher-overestimation-of-mathematics-ability-developmental-implications-for-students-mathematics-task-values
#11
Burkhard Gniewosz, Helen M G Watt
This study examines whether and how student-perceived parents' and teachers' overestimation of students' own perceived mathematical ability can explain trajectories for adolescents' mathematical task values (intrinsic and utility) controlling for measured achievement, following expectancy-value and self-determination theories. Longitudinal data come from a 3-cohort (mean ages 13.25, 12.36, and 14.41 years; Grades 7-10), 4-wave data set of 1,271 Australian secondary school students. Longitudinal structural equation models revealed positive effects of student-perceived overestimation of math ability by parents and teachers on students' intrinsic and utility math task values development...
May 22, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530006/kindergarten-elementary-school-teachers-and-web-based-oral-health-related-resources-an-exploration
#12
Marita Rohr Inglehart, Gabrielle A Zuzo, Joshua J Wilson
PURPOSE: The percentage of U.S. children with poor oral health continues to be high. Kindergarten/elementary school educators could play an important role in teaching students about oral health promotion. The objectives were to assess which oral health-related web-based resources teachers consider most helpful and how teachers' attitudes, knowledge, and behavioural intentions concerning oral health-related teaching change between before and after having access to a resource website. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Web-based survey data were collected from 95 kindergarten/elementary school educators before and after they accessed a website with oral health-related information for teachers (web-link: http://media...
May 19, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529493/improving-learning-outcomes-the-ipad-and-preschool-children-with-disabilities
#13
Linda Chmiliar
The digital age has reached early childhood, and the use of touch screens by young children is common place. Research on the use of touch screen tablets with young children is becoming more prevalent; however, less information is available on the use of touch screen tablets to support young children with disabilities. Touch screen tablets may offer possibilities to preschool children with disabilities to participate in learning in a digital way. The iPad provides easy interaction on the touch screen and access to a multitude of engaging early learning applications...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529399/modeling-high-school-timetabling-with-bitvectors
#14
Emir Demirović, Nysret Musliu
High school timetabling (HSTT) is a well known and wide spread problem. The problem consists of coordinating resources (e.g. teachers, rooms), times, and events (e.g. lectures) with respect to various constraints. Unfortunately, HSTT is hard to solve and just finding a feasible solution for simple variants of HSTT has been proven to be NP-complete. We propose a new modeling approach for HSTT using bitvectors in which constraint costs of the general HSTT can be calculated using bit operations. This model allows efficient computation of constraint costs making it useful when implementing HSTT algorithms...
2017: Annals of Operations Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529392/school-composition-school-culture-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-young-people-s-health-multi-level-analysis-of-the-health-behaviour-in-school-aged-children-hbsc-survey-in-wales
#15
Graham F Moore, Hannah J Littlecott, Rhiannon Evans, Simon Murphy, Gillian Hewitt, Adam Fletcher
Health inequalities emerge during childhood and youth, before widening in adulthood. Theorising, testing and interrupting the mechanisms through which inequalities are perpetuated and sustained is vital. Schools are viewed as settings through which inequality in young people's health may be addressed, but few studies examine the social processes via which institutional structures reproduce or mitigate health inequalities. Informed by Markham and Aveyard's theory of human functioning and school organisation, including their concept of institutional boundaries, critical theories of marketisation and the concept of micro-political practices within schools, this paper presents analysis of student survey data (N = 9055) from 82 secondary schools in Wales...
April 2017: British Educational Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528730/sir-charles-bell-unheralded-laryngologist
#16
Elliot Abemayor
INTRODUCTION: Sir Charles Bell is renowned and revered as an outstanding surgeon, anatomist, clinician and teacher and his many contributions to various medical fields have been amply described. What are less well-known are his contributions to the field of laryngology. METHODS: Selected clinical and physiological publications by Bell were examined that addressed issues related specifically to the airway or pharynx. These included both case reports and case series...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528435/benefits-of-a-regular-vs-irregular-rhythm-based-training-programme-on-physical-fitness-and-motor-skills-in-obese-girls
#17
Ghazi Racil, Wassim Elmontassar, Imen Rommene, Claire Tourny, Anis Chaouachi, Jeremy B Coquart
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to examine the impact of a physical exercise programme including rhythmic elements (regular and irregular tempos) on physiological variables, motor skills (MS), and jump performances in obese girls. METHODS: Thirty-six obese girls (age: 10.4 ± 0.9 years, body mass: 58.7 ± 4.0 kg, height: 1.37 ± 0.04 m, body mass index: 31.2 ± 2.1) participated in three weekly physical exercise sessions for 6 weeks, with each session consisting of basic fundamental locomotor movements...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526692/understanding-the-interrelationship-between-the-synthesis-of-urea-and-gluconeogenesis-by-formulating-an-overall-balanced-equation
#18
Piero L Ipata, Rossana Pesi
It is well known that a strong metabolic interrelationship exists between ureagenesis and gluconeogenesis. In this paper, we present a detailed, overall equation, describing a possible metabolic link between ureagenesis and gluconeogenesis. We adopted a guided approach in which we strongly suggest that students, when faced with the problem of obtaining the overall equation of a metabolic pathway, carefully account for all atoms and charges of the single reactions, as well as the cellular localizations of the substrates, and the related transport systems...
June 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525793/-almost-a-slam-dunk-assessing-the-experiences-and-opinions-of-participants-in-a-national-basketball-association-nba-funded-dropout-prevention-program
#19
Tray J Geiger, Audrey Amrein-Beardsley
Researchers conducted an evaluation of participants' perceptions of a dropout prevention program - the NBA High School program - involving a National Basketball Association (NBA) team, a high school located in downtown [City], and the College of Education (COE) at the local State University (SU). The program targeted "at-risk" high school students while utilizing student-teachers as tutors and mentors. Researchers utilized mixed methods to assess student, student-teacher, and high school teacher participants' experiences with and opinions of the program...
May 10, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524702/school-success-and-participation-for-students-with-cerebral-palsy-a-qualitative-study-exploring-multiple-perspectives
#20
Helen M Bourke-Taylor, Claire Cotter, Aislinn Lalor, Lindy Johnson
PURPOSE: This qualitative study investigated perceived successful school experiences for students with cerebral palsy in Australia. Participation and appropriate support in school are complex concepts, although few studies have investigated all stakeholders' perspectives. METHODS: Phenomenology informed the study that centered on the concept of a successful school experience. In-depth interviews occurred with students (n = 7), parents (n = 11), teachers (n = 10), school principals (n = 9) and allied health practitioners (n = 10) to gain the perspective from multiple vantage points...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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