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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679193/etiology-of-stability-and-growth-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-across-childhood-and-adolescence
#1
Alexander S Hatoum, Soo Hyun Rhee, Robin P Corley, John K Hewitt, Naomi P Friedman
Internalizing and externalizing behaviors are heritable, and show genetic stability during childhood and adolescence. Less work has explored how genes influence individual differences in developmental trajectories. We estimated ACE biometrical latent growth curve models for the Teacher Report Form (TRF) and parent Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) internalizing and externalizing scales from ages 7 to 16 years in 408 twin pairs from the Colorado Longitudinal Twin Study. We found that Intercept factors were highly heritable for both internalizing and externalizing behaviors (a2 = ...
April 20, 2018: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678968/-i-m-not-a-smoker%C3%A2-yet-a-qualitative-study-on-perceptions-of-tobacco-control-in-chinese-high-schools
#2
Xiang Zhao, Ross M cD Young, Katherine M White
OBJECTIVE: Chinese adolescents' perceptions about tobacco control at schools are rarely researched. We explored how current antismoking strategies work in middle school environments, as well as the attitudes towards these strategies held by students and teaching staff members. METHODS: Four focus groups (24 eleventh graders; M age =16 years) and five indepth interviews (teaching staff members with tobacco control experience in schools) were conducted in Kunming, Yunnan Province, China...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678803/value-of-face-to-face-interactions-between-clinician-educators-and-patients-or-students-to-improve-health-care-education
#3
Manisha Singh
The power and outreach of the media is enormous and has restructured our society today; the author acknowledges the impact and appreciates the outreach. However, I question the relative lack of focus on physical human interactions and express concern over future training efforts. I have compared and attempted to highlight the components of two interaction scenarios: those of teacher-student, and those of physician-patient. The physician-educators need to generate a discussion regarding the value of each interaction...
April 20, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678155/a-stepped-wedge-implementation-and-evaluation-of-the-healthy-active-peaceful-playgrounds-for-youth-happy-intervention
#4
Dean Dudley, Wayne Cotton, Louisa Peralta, Matthew Winslade
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity in children is a health priority. The Healthy Active Peaceful Playgrounds for Youth (HAPPY) study aimed to examine a multi-component playground intervention designed to increase the proportion of physical activity during recess and lunch of primary school students. METHODS: The 2016 Australian focused HAPPY Study was a 12-month, metropolitan primary school based intervention, which was evaluated using a stepped wedge design...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678074/a-synthesis-of-students-theses-in-the-accredited-hhsi-master-s-programme
#5
Ulla-Mari Kinnunen, Kaija Saranto
Education in Health Informatics (HI) has been a key priority to guarantee knowledge and skills for professionals working in healthcare settings. One of the early academic models to teach HI are the recommendations provided by the International Medical Informatics Association. The paper describes the curriculum developed for master's degrees and the status of a paradigm used in informatics education, as well as research in the health and human services fields. The aim is to synthesise the methodological focuses in students' theses and discuss the future needs for development...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677982/consequences-of-switching-to-blended-learning-the-grenoble-medical-school-key-elements
#6
Sahal Houssein, Lionel Di Marco, Carole Schwebel, Vanda Luengo, Patrice Morand, Pierre Gillois
INTRODUCTION: In 2006, the Grenoble-Alpes University Medical School decided to switch the learning paradigm of the first year to a blended learning model based on a flipped classroom with a continuous dual assessment system providing personal follow-up. We report a descriptive analysis of two pedagogical models. METHODS: The innovative blended learning model is divided into 5 week-sequences of learning, starting with a series of knowledge capsules, following with Interactive On Line Questions, Interactive On Site Training and an Explanation Meeting...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676615/walter-b-cannon-s-world-war-i-experience-treatment-of-traumatic-shock-then-and-now
#7
Kathy L Ryan
Walter B. Cannon (1871-1945), perhaps America's preeminent physiologist, volunteered for service with the Army Expeditionary Force (AEF) during World War I. He initially served with Base Hospital No. 5, a unit made up of Harvard clinicians, before moving forward to the front lines to serve at a casualty clearing station run by the British. During his time there, he performed research on wounded soldiers to understand the nature and causes of traumatic shock. Subsequently, Cannon performed animal experimentation on the causes of traumatic shock in the London laboratory of Dr...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676199/adolescents-multiple-versus-single-primary-attachment-figures-reorganization-of-attachment-hierarchy-and-adjustments-the-important-people-interview-approach
#8
Tomotaka Umemura, Lenka Lacinová, Jakub Kraus, Eliška Horská, Lenka Pivodová
Using 212 adolescents from a central-European country (mean age = 14.02, SD = 2.05, ranged from 11 to 18 years; females = 54%) and a multi-informant method to measure adolescents' behavioral and emotional adjustments, the present study explored three aspects regarding the attachment hierarchy. (1) The three types of behavioral systems of Rosenthal and Kobak's important people interview (IPI) were initially validated using an exploratory factor analysis with a US sample. Using a confirmatory factor analysis with a Czech sample, we replicated these three behavioral systems: attachment bond, support seeking, and affiliation...
April 20, 2018: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676046/effectiveness-of-an-audiovisual-aid-on-the-knowledge-of-schoolteachers-regarding-emergency-management-of-dental-injuries
#9
Sabarinathan Niviethitha, Chanram Bhawarlal, Hemalatha Ramkumar, Senthil Dhakshanamoorthy, Hariharan Shanmugam
BACKGROUND/AIM: Traumatic Dental Injuries (TDI) occur frequently at school environment. Many studies have shown that teachers' knowledge on emergency management of TDI is inadequate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge level among schoolteachers in Chennai, India, regarding TDI using a questionnaire and to evaluate the effectiveness of a newly developed audiovisual aid (AV) as an educational tool by reapplying the questionnaire. METHODS: The questionnaire was distributed to 345 teachers in 15 randomly selected schools...
April 19, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672423/student-evaluations-of-teachers-and-courses-time-to-wake-up-and-shake-up
#10
Kathleen M Turner, Debi Hatton, Theresa M Terry Valiga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672309/a-web-based-education-program-for-colorectal-lesion-diagnosis-with-narrow-band-imaging-classification
#11
Hiroyuki Aihara, Nitin Kumar, Christopher C Thompson
BACKGROUND: An education system for narrow band imaging (NBI) interpretation requires sufficient exposure to key features. However, access to didactic lectures by experienced teachers is limited in the United States. AIM: To develop and assess the effectiveness of a colorectal lesion identification tutorial. METHODS: In the image analysis pretest, subjects including 9 experts and 8 trainees interpreted 50 white light (WL) and 50 NBI images of colorectal lesions...
April 19, 2018: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671644/short-play-and-communication-evaluation-teachers-assessment-of-core-social-communication-and-play-skills-with-young-children-with-autism
#12
Stephanie Y Shire, Wendy Shih, Ya-Chih Chang, Connie Kasari
Children with autism spectrum disorder experience delays in the development of nonverbal social communication gestures to request and to share (joint attention) as well as play skills such that intervention is required. Although such tools exist in research settings, community stakeholders also require access to brief, simple, and reliable tools to assess students' skills and set appropriate intervention targets. This study includes a sequence of two trials to examine implementation outcomes including adoption, fidelity, and feasibility of The Short Play and Communication Evaluation by educational professionals who work with preschoolers and toddlers with autism spectrum disorder in low-resource community classrooms...
April 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670557/teacher-evaluated-self-regulation-is-related-to-school-achievement-and-influenced-by-parental-education-in-schoolchildren-aged-8-12-a-case-control-study
#13
Marleen A J van Tetering, Renate H M de Groot, Jelle Jolles
There are major inter-individual differences in the school achievements of students aged 8-12. The determinants of these differences are not known. This paper investigates two possible factors: the self-regulation of the student and the educational levels obtained by their parents. The study first investigates whether children with high and low academic achievement differ in their self-regulation. It then evaluates whether there are differences in the self-regulation of children with high and moderate-to-low level of parental education (LPE)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670482/evaluation-of-the-immunization-program-in-the-federation-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina-possible-modalities-for-improvement
#14
Fuad Husic, Zaim Jatic, Anes Joguncic, Lutvo Sporisevic
Introduction: Immunization is a lifelong preventive activity that helps prevent/reduce disease, prevent/ reduce mortality and prevent disability from specific infectious diseases. Material and Methods: Authors of this paper researched the WHO extended program of mandatory immunization of children from birth to the age of 18 years and analyzed how it has been implemented in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FB&H), because the guidelines of the specialist physician societies on immunization of adults, elderly people and risk groups of the population are missing...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670303/item-analysis-of-university-wide-multiple-choice-objective-examinations-the-experience-of-a-nigerian-private-university
#15
Jonathan A Odukoya, Olajide Adekeye, Angie O Igbinoba, A Afolabi
Teachers and Students worldwide often dance to the tune of tests and examinations. Assessments are powerful tools for catalyzing the achievement of educational goals, especially if done rightly. One of the tools for 'doing it rightly' is item analysis. The core objectives for this study, therefore, were: ascertaining the item difficulty and distractive indices of the university wide courses. A range of 112-1956 undergraduate students participated in this study. With the use of secondary data, the ex-post facto design was adopted for this project...
2018: Quality & Quantity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667459/asthma-management-in-new-york-city-schools-a-physical-education-teacher-perspective
#16
Qi Ying Li McClelland, Maria Ivanna Avalos, Marina Reznik
OBJECTIVE: Physical education (PE) teachers may be the first to assist students with asthma attacks during PE class. This study explores the PE teachers' perspectives on in-school asthma management and barriers to physical activity (PA) in children with asthma attending urban elementary schools. METHODS: We conducted qualitative semi-structured interviews with 16 PE teachers from 10 Bronx, NY elementary schools. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and independently coded...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667358/human-disease-clinical-medical-sciences-in-dentistry-current-state-and-future-directions-of-undergraduate-teaching-in-the-uk-and-ireland
#17
P A Atkin, S Thomas, R J Cook, M Greenwood, J H Bennett, A Willis, C Donachie, R Ni Riordain, S Galvin, A Crighton, A J Mighell, I Bakri
In March 2017, a group of teachers of human disease/clinical medical science (HD/CMSD) representing the majority of schools from around the UK and Republic of Ireland met to discuss the current state of teaching of human disease and also to discuss how the delivery of this theme might evolve to inform improved healthcare. This study outlines how the original teaching in medicine and surgery to dental undergraduate students has developed into the theme of HD/CMSD reflecting changing needs as well as guidance from the regulators, and how different dental schools have developed their approaches to reach their current state...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665831/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-utilization-and-associated-factors-among-secondary-school-students-in-nekemte-town-ethiopia
#18
Wakgari Binu, Taklu Marama, Mulusew Gerbaba, Melese Sinaga
BACKGROUND: Despite policy actions and strategic efforts made to promote sexual and reproductive health service uptake of youths in Ethiopia, its utilization remains very low and little information was found on the extent to which school youths utilize available reproductive health services in Nekempt town. This study was aimed to assess utilization of Sexual and Reproduactive Health (SRH) services and its associated factors among secondary school students in Nekemte town, Ethiopia. METHOD: A school based cross-sectional study design was conducted from April 18 to 22, 2016...
April 17, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664517/-radar-a-program-for-the-prevention-of-suicide-in-adolescents-in-the-region-of-aysen-chile-preliminary-results
#19
Francisco Bustamante, Cinthya Urquidi, Ramón Florenzano, Carolina Barrueto, Jaime de Los Hoyos, Karla Ampuero, Laura Terán, María Inés Figueroa, Magdalena Farías, María Livia Rueda, Eduardo Giacaman
OBJECTIVE: We present the preliminary results of the implementation of RADAR: a community suicide prevention program in adolescents implemented in two high schools in a south region of Chile. METHOD: In a pilot study, during 2016, we implemented RADAR in two high schools of Puerto Aysen, in in the Region of Aysen of Chile. A total of 409 actors were trained (among students, school teachers, caregivers and health professionals) for the screening and referral of high suicide risk adolescents...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664176/motor-performance-in-early-life-and-participation-in-leisure-time-physical-activity-up-to-age-68-years
#20
Ahmed Elhakeem, Rebecca Hardy, David Bann, Diana Kuh, Rachel Cooper
BACKGROUND: This study examined associations between motor performance in early life and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) participation across adulthood, and whether these changed with age. METHODS: Data were from 2526 participants from the Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development. Motor indicators were mother-reported ages at first standing and walking, teacher-rated games ability at age 13, and finger- and foot-tapping speed at age 15...
April 17, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
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