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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471468/working-conditions-and-stress-in-the-english-education-system
#1
J M Ravalier, J Walsh
Background: The UK education sector has among the highest level of stress sickness absence of all occupations. However, investigations of psychosocial working conditions which contribute to stress, including behaviour of students and parents, has not been conducted. Aims: To investigate the psychosocial working conditions and prevalence of negative parental and student behaviour in a large sample of school teachers and college lecturers based in England. In addition, to assess the influence of working conditions, student behaviour and parental behaviour on perceived stress...
February 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470123/trends-in-secondary-schools-practices-to-support-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-questioning-students-2008-2014
#2
Zewditu Demissie, Catherine N Rasberry, Riley J Steiner, Nancy Brener, Tim McManus
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends in the percentage of US secondary schools that implemented practices related to the support of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) students. METHODS: This analysis used data from 4 cycles (2008-2014) of School Health Profiles, a surveillance system that provides results representative of secondary schools in each state. Each school completed 2 self-administered questionnaires (principal and teacher) per cycle...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469656/when-the-teacher-becomes-the-pupil-lessons-derived-from-a-terminally-ill-student
#3
Lise Johns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469593/l-carnosine-as-adjunctive-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#4
Alireza Ghajar, Farinaz Aghajan-Nashtaei, Mohsen Afarideh, Mohammad-Reza Mohammadi, Shahin Akhondzadeh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of l-carnosine as an add-on to methylphenidate in management of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: This was an 8-week, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study. Fifty-six drug-free children and adolescents aged 6-17 years old with a diagnosis of ADHD entered the study. The patients were randomly assigned to l-carnosine (800 mg/d in two divided doses) or placebo plus methylphenidate (0...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469585/proactive-aggression-in-early-school-aged-children-with-externalizing-behavior-problems-a-longitudinal-study-on-the-influence-of-empathy-in-response-to-distress
#5
Peter K Deschamps, Esmee E Verhulp, Bram Orobio de Castro, Walter Matthys
The course of proactive aggressive behavior may be affected by empathy in response to sadness and distress of others. The aim of the current study is to examine empathy in response to sadness and distress and its relation to proactive and reactive aggression in a clinical sample of children with externalizing behavior problems. At baseline (T1) and 12 months later (T2), parents and teachers of 104 six- and seven-year-old children completed the Instrument for Reactive and Proactive Aggression. At T1, parents and teachers also reported empathy in response to sadness and distress on the Griffith Empathy Measure...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469536/-experience-and-analysis-of-excellent-works-of-human-parasitology-in-national-medical-colleges-and-universities
#6
Yang Xiao-di, Fang Qiang, Cheng Yang, Chang Xue-Lian, Tao Zhi-Yong, Wang Yuan-Yuan, Wang Xiao-Li, Li Jiang-Yan, Huang Shi-Ya, Jiao Yu-Meng, Wang Xue-Mei, Xia Hui, Chen Xing-Zhi
Teaching competition is an effective way for college and university teachers to improve their teaching skills. Based on the teaching practice and experience in medical parasitology, this paper discusses several key issues in teaching competition including topics, teaching designs and teaching methods. It provides references for the teachers in department of parasitology of universities and colleges to improve the quality of classroom teaching.
May 17, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468920/training-medical-students-for-the-twenty-first-century-rationale-and-development-of-the-utrecht-curriculum-cru
#7
Olle Ten Cate, Jan Borleffs, Marijke van Dijk, Tineke Westerveld
AIM: The aim of this report, written for the 40th anniversary issue of Medical Teacher, is to document 20 years of development of the Utrecht undergraduate medical curriculum, as both to exhibit accountability and to inform the community of the process and choices that can be made in long-term curriculum development. METHODS: We used the SPICES model, created by Medical Teacher's Editor Ronald Harden and colleagues in 1984. RESULTS: The Utrecht six-year program, now called "CRU+", has many distinct features that were introduced, most of which are well documented...
February 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468667/teachers-knowledge-concerning-dental-trauma-and-its-management-in-primary-schools-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#8
Salwa A Alsadhan, Najla F Alsayari, Mashael F Abuabat
OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess knowledge concerning traumatic dental injuries and their management among primary schoolteachers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The secondary objective was to evaluate the effect of gender, nationality, marital status, school type, geographical area, age group, level of education and years of experience on teachers' knowledge. METHODOLOGY: Data were collected, through a self-administered questionnaire, from both male and female teachers employed in public and private primary schools in the five geographical areas of Riyadh City...
February 22, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467977/mytipreport-and-training-for-independent-practice-a-tool-for-real-time-workplace-feedback-for-milestones-and-procedural-skills
#9
AnnaMarie Connolly, Alice Goepfert, Anita Blanchard, Elizabeth Buys, Nicole Donnellan, Cindy L Amundsen, Shelley L Galvin, Kimberly Kenton
Background : Few tools currently exist for effective, accessible delivery of real-time, workplace feedback in the clinical setting. Objective : We developed and implemented a real-time, web-based tool for performance-based feedback in the clinical environment. Methods : The tool (myTIPreport) was designed for performance-based feedback to learners on the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Milestones and procedural skills...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467687/-homework-feedback-is%C3%A2-elementary-and-middle-school-teachers-conceptions-of-homework-feedback
#10
Jennifer Cunha, Pedro Rosário, José Carlos Núñez, Ana Rita Nunes, Tânia Moreira, Tânia Nunes
This study explored mathematics teachers' conceptions of the homework feedback focusing on four key aspects: definition, purpose, types, and perceived impact. Forty-seven teachers from elementary and middle schools participated in six focus groups. Data were analyzed using content analysis. To enhance the trustworthiness of findings, classroom observations were used for triangulation of data. Participants conceptualized homework feedback in three directions (i.e., teachers' feedback provided to students, students' feedback provided to teachers, and homework self-feedback), being teachers' monitoring of students' learning the purpose reported by most teachers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466996/-just-because-she-s-young-it-doesn-t-mean-she-has-to-die-exploring-the-contributing-factors-to-high-maternal-mortality-in-adolescents-in-eastern-freetown-a-qualitative-study
#11
Lucy November, Jane Sandall
BACKGROUND: In Sierra Leone, 34% of pregnancies and 40% of maternal deaths are in the adolescent population. Risks are known to be higher for younger adolescents, this being borne out by a household survey in Eastern Freetown in 2015. This current qualitative study, funded by Wellbeing of Women's international midwifery fellowship, was conducted to explore the causes of this high incidence of maternal death for younger teenagers, and to identify possible interventions to improve outcomes...
February 21, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466096/measurement-accuracy-enabling-human-rights-for-fijian-students-with-speech-difficulties
#12
Beth Sprunt, Manjula Marella
PURPOSE: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights enshrines the rights to communication and education and measuring access to these rights for children with disabilities is fundamental. The UNICEF/Washington Group Child Functioning Module (CFM) is being promoted to measure progress against the Sustainable Development Goals for children with disabilities. This cross-sectional diagnostic accuracy study in Fiji compares parent and teacher CFM responses to the Intelligibility in Context Scale for 463 primary-aged students with and without speech difficulties...
February 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465461/resident-autonomy-in-the-operating-room-how-faculty-assess-real-time-entrustability
#13
Xiaodong Phoenix Chen, Amy M Sullivan, Douglas S Smink, Adnan Alseidi, Joan M Bengtson, Gifty Kwakye, John L Dalrymple
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the empirical processes and evidence that expert surgical teachers use to determine whether to take over certain steps or entrust the resident with autonomy to proceed during an operation. BACKGROUND: Assessing real-time entrustability is inherent in attending surgeons' determinations of residents' intraoperative autonomy in the operating room. To promote residents' autonomy, it is necessary to understand how attending surgeons evaluate residents' performance and support opportunities for independent practice based on the assessment of their entrustability...
February 20, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465054/evaluation-of-the-school-environment-of-public-and-private-schools-in-enugu-to-ensure-child-health-promotion
#14
A I Bisi-Onyemaechi, N A Akani, A N Ikefuna, B N Tagbo, J M Chinawa
Objectives: Poor maintenance of school environment can cause or worsen illnesses among schoolchildren. The objective of this study was to assess the healthfulness of school environments of primary schools in Enugu East, Nigeria, and to compare the difference if any between public and private schools. Study Design: This was a cross-sectional noninterventional study of the school environments in Enugu East, Nigeria. Methods: Multistage sampling method was used to select the sample population...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464907/weight-control-program-and-gestational-weight-gain-in-disadvantaged-women-with-overweight-or-obesity-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Alison G Cahill, Debra Haire-Joshu, W Todd Cade, Richard I Stein, Candice L Woolfolk, Kelle Moley, Amit Mathur, Kenneth Schechtman, Samuel Klein
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a home-based lifestyle intervention delivered through Parents as Teachers (PAT) to reduce excessive gestational weight gain (GWG). METHODS: This was a single-blinded randomized controlled trial conducted as part of the LIFE-Moms consortium at a single university-based tertiary care institution from October 2012 to March 2016. There were 267 socioeconomically disadvantaged (SED) African American women with overweight or obesity (BMI 25...
March 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464481/what-kills-science-in-school-lessons-from-pre-service-teachers-responses-to-urban-children-s-science-inquiries
#16
Eugene Matusov
This opportunistic case-study highlights striking differences in 6 urban children's and 12 preservice suburban middle-class teachers' perception of science and discuss consequences of science education and beyond. I found that all of the interviewed urban children demonstrated scientific inquiries and interests outside of the school science education that can be characterized by diverse simultaneous discourses from diverse practices, i.e., "heterodiscoursia" (Matusov in Culture & Psychology, 17(1), 99-119, 2011b), despite their diverse, positive and negative, attitudes toward school science...
February 20, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463592/efficacy-and-safety-of-ginkgo-preparations-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review-protocol
#17
Sufei He, Miao Wang, Jinhua Si, Tianyi Zhang, Hong Cui, Xiumei Gao
INTRODUCTION: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed and treated childhood psychiatric disorders. The analogous diagnosis adopted in Europe is hyperkinetic disorder, which is defined in the WHO's International Classification of Diseases 10th edition (ICD-10). Hyperkinetic disorder includes more severe conditions. Ginkgo preparations are used in the treatment of ADHD. The present study will assess the efficacy and safety of ginkgo preparations in the treatment of ADHD in the currently published literature...
February 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462158/docosahexaenoic-acid-for-reading-working-memory-and-behavior-in-uk-children-aged-7-9-a-randomized-controlled-trial-for-replication-the-dolab-ii-study
#18
Paul Montgomery, Thees F Spreckelsen, Alice Burton, Jennifer R Burton, Alexandra J Richardson
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 fatty acids are central to brain-development of children. Evidence from clinical trials and systematic reviews demonstrates the potential of long-chain Omega-3 supplementation for learning and behavior. However, findings are inconclusive and in need of robust replication studies since such work is lacking. OBJECTIVES: Replication of the 2012 DOLAB 1 study findings that a dietary supplementation with the long-chain omega-3 docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) had beneficial effects on the reading, working memory, and behavior of healthy schoolchildren...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461487/understanding-the-role-of-negative-emotions-in-adult-learning-and-achievement-a-social-functional-perspective
#19
Anna D Rowe, Julie Fitness
The role of emotions in adult learning and achievement has received increasing attention in recent years. However, much of the emphasis has been on test anxiety, rather than the wider spectrum of negative emotions such as sadness, grief, boredom and anger. This paper reports findings of a qualitative study exploring the experience and functionality of negative emotions at university. Thirty-six academic staff and students from an Australian university were interviewed about emotional responses to a range of learning events...
February 20, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460688/flourishing-at-work-the-role-of-positive-organizational-practices
#20
Kleinjan Redelinghuys, Sebastiaan Rothmann, Elrie Botha
The first aim of the study was to investigate the effects of flourishing at work (as measured by the Flourishing-at-Work Scale-Short Form) on intention to leave, performance, and organizational citizenship behavior. The second aim was to determine the prevalence of workplace flourishing and to examine differences in the perceived flourishing levels of teachers based on the positive practices they experience in their organization. A sample of 258 secondary school educators in the Gauteng province of South Africa was used in the cross-sectional design...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
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