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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228510/left-behind-and-left-out-the-impact-of-the-school-environment-on-young-people-with-continence-problems
#1
Katie Whale, Helen Cramer, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of the secondary school environment on young people with continence problems. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative semi-structured interviews. METHODS: We interviewed 20 young people aged 11-19 years (11 female and nine male) with continence problems (daytime wetting, bedwetting, and/or soiling). Interviews were conducted by Skype (n = 11) and telephone (n = 9). Transcripts were analysed using inductive thematic analysis...
December 11, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227866/partnerships-for-active-children-in-elementary-schools-paces-first-year-process-evaluation
#2
Cate A Egan, Collin Webster, R Glenn Weaver, Ali Brian, David Stodden, Laura Russ, Danielle Nesbitt, Spyridoula Vazou
Movement integration (MI) is a strategy within comprehensive school physical activity programs (CSPAP). School-university partnerships are recommended to leverage teachers' capacity to use MI. A mixed method process evaluation was conducted of the first year of implementing Partnerships for Active Children in Elementary Schools (PACES). Classroom teachers (N=12) from four schools participated. Data were collected in Fall 2014 (baseline) and Spring 2015 (∼ four months of intervention) using the System for Observing Student Movement in Academic Routines and Transitions and semi-structured interviews...
December 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227338/associations-between-early-family-meal-environment-quality-and-later-well-being-in-school-age-children
#3
Marie-Josée Harbec, Linda S Pagani
OBJECTIVE: Past research suggests a positive link between family meals and child and adolescent health. Although researchers have often relied on how often families eat together, this may not capture the complexity of the experience. Using a birth cohort, this study examines the prospective associations between the environmental quality of the family meal experience at age 6 years and child well-being at age 10. METHODS: Participants are 1492 children of the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226799/evaluation-of-a-school-based-cognitive-behavioral-depression-prevention-program
#4
Pernilla Garmy, Eva K Clausson, Agneta Berg, Katarina Steen Carlsson, Ulf Jakobsson
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and cost-utility of a school-based cognitive-behavioral (CB) depression prevention program. METHODS: A quasi-experimental trial with an intervention group and a control group, with follow-up measurements obtained at three and 12 months after baseline, was conducted. The setting was six Swedish municipalities. The participants were students in grade 8 (median age: 14). A total of 462 students (79% girls) were allocated to the school-based CB prevention program, and 486 students (46% girls) were allocated to the control group...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225887/a-prospective-longitudinal-study-of-men-with-borderline-personality-disorder-with-and-without-comorbid-antisocial-personality-disorder
#5
Marie-Pier Robitaille, Dave Checknita, Frank Vitaro, Richard E Tremblay, Joel Paris, Sheilagh Hodgins
Background: Some evidence suggests that the prevalence of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is elevated among male criminal offenders. It is not presently known whether offending, and violent offending, are limited to those presenting comorbid Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) who have a childhood history of conduct problems and whether offending is linked to psychopathic traits. Methods: A community sample of 311 males followed from age 6 to 33 years, one third of whom had a criminal charge between ages 18 and 24, completed diagnostic interviews and the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised interview...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224222/chronic-pain-in-the-school-setting-the-teachers-point-of-view
#6
Ester Solé, Elena Castarlenas, Elisabet Sánchez-Rodríguez, Santiago Galán, Rocío de la Vega, Mark P Jensen, Jordi Miró
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to (1) examine the reactions of teachers and student teachers to children experiencing pain, (2) identify the most common challenges and potential resources that are associated to dealing with them, and (3) examine whether their responses differed as a function of their experience or sex. METHODS: Forty teachers and 318 student teachers completed a survey which included descriptive information, a questionnaire that assesses different responses of participants to children who experience pain, and provides a list of problems and resources that participants might encounter and implement, respectively, when dealing with these children...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224221/exploring-the-associations-among-nutrition-science-and-mathematics-knowledge-for-an-integrative-food-based-curriculum
#7
Virginia C Stage, Kathryn M Kolasa, Sebastián R Díaz, Melani W Duffrin
BACKGROUND: Explore associations between nutrition, science, and mathematics knowledge to provide evidence that integrating food/nutrition education in the fourth-grade curriculum may support gains in academic knowledge. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a quasi-experimental study. Sample included 438 students in 34 fourth-grade classrooms across North Carolina and Ohio; mean age 10 years old; gender (I = 53.2% female; C = 51.6% female). Dependent variable = post-test-nutrition knowledge; independent variables = baseline-nutrition knowledge, and post-test science and mathematics knowledge...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223201/investigating-balance-in-teacher-job-attitudes-using-polynomial-regression-and-response-surface-methodology
#8
Christopher R Warren
Organizational theorists have long advocated the importance of attending to multiple stakeholders. However, limited empirical research has been devoted to the ways in which to identify balance, or imbalance, between stakeholder groups possibly due to methodological issues with modeling such complex nomological nets. The current study utilized the multiple stakeholder climate framework to test hypothesized relationships between perceptions of support and affectively-based criteria using polynomial regression and response surface methodology to test discreet regression lines representing predictions...
January 2018: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222968/student-teacher-relationships-and-bullying-the-role-of-student-social-status
#9
C Longobardi, N O Iotti, T Jungert, M Settanni
Student-teacher relationships have been shown to influence bullying-related behaviors in students. This study considered the moderating role of students' social statuses in the classroom. The study sample included 435 students (48.7% females) taken from 18 Italian middle-school classrooms (i.e., sixth to eighth grade). A multigroup path analysis approach was employed to examine whether the effects of the student-teacher relationships on bullying-related behaviors differed among social statuses. The results showed that perceived conflict with the teacher was shown to have a significant positive effect on students' engagement in active bullying for students from all the statuses, except for neglected students...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222885/chronic-low-grade-inflammation-measured-by-dietary-inflammatory-index-and-its-association-with-obesity-among-school-teachers-in-yangon-myanmar
#10
Khin Mittar Moe San, Umi Fahmida, Fiastuti Wijaksono, Htin Lin, Ko Ko Zaw, Min Kyaw Htet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to investigate the association between obesity and chronic low grade inflammation (CLGI) measured by Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) as a proxy indicator of CLGI among obese and non-obese teachers. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross sectional study among 128 non-obese (BMI <25) and 116 obese (BMI >=25) female teachers aged 25-60 years from six urban schools in Yangon, Myanmar between January and March 2015...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222559/the-listening-and-spoken-language-data-repository-design-and-project-overview
#11
Tamala S Bradham, Christopher Fonnesbeck, Alice Toll, Barbara F Hecht
Purpose: The purpose of the Listening and Spoken Language Data Repository (LSL-DR) was to address a critical need for a systemwide outcome data-monitoring program for the development of listening and spoken language skills in highly specialized educational programs for children with hearing loss highlighted in Goal 3b of the 2007 Joint Committee on Infant Hearing position statement supplement. Method: The LSL-DR is a multicenter, international data repository for recording and tracking the demographics and longitudinal outcomes achieved by children who have hearing loss who are enrolled in private, specialized programs focused on supporting listening and spoken language development...
December 8, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221454/must-we-remain-blind-to-undergraduate-medical-ethics-education-in-africa-a-cross-sectional-study-of-nigerian-medical-students
#12
Onochie Okoye, Daniel Nwachukwu, Ferdinand C Maduka-Okafor
BACKGROUND: As the practice of medicine inevitably raises both ethical and legal issues, it had been recommended since 1999 that medical ethics and human rights be taught at every medical school. Most Nigerian medical schools still lack a formal undergraduate medical ethics curriculum. Medical education remains largely focused on traditional medical science components, leaving the medical students to develop medical ethical decision-making skills and moral attitudes passively within institutions noted for relatively strong paternalistic traditions...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220620/mediating-peer-teaching-for-learning-games-an-action-research-intervention-across-three-consecutive-sport-education-seasons
#13
Cláudio Farias, Isabel Mesquita, Peter A Hastie, Toni O'Donovan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide an integrated analysis of a teacher's peer-teaching mediation strategies, the student-coaches' instruction, and the students' gameplay development across 3 consecutive seasons of sport education. METHOD: Twenty-six 7th-grade students participated in 3 consecutive sport education seasons of invasion games (basketball, handball, and soccer). The research involved 3 action research cycles, 1 per season, and each cycle included the processes of planning, acting and monitoring, reflecting, and fact finding...
December 8, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220528/maternal-thyroid-function-in-early-pregnancy-and-neuropsychological-performance-of-the-child-at-5-years-of-age
#14
Stine Linding Andersen, Stig Andersen, Zeyan Liew, Peter Vestergaard, Jørn Olsen
Context: Abnormal maternal thyroid function in pregnancy may impair fetal brain development, but more evidence is needed to refine and corroborate the hypothesis. Objective: To estimate the association between maternal thyroid function in early pregnancy and neuropsychological performance of the child at 5 years of age. Design: Follow-up study. Participants: A cohort of 1,153 women and their children sampled from the Danish National Birth Cohort...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219245/behavior-profiles-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-kindergarten-comparison-with-other-developmental-disabilities-and-typically-developing-children
#15
Magdalena Janus, Emma Mauti, Matt Horner, Eric Duku, Ayesha Siddiqua, Scott Davies
Monitoring behavior patterns that may be specific to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) at a population level has the potential to improve the allocation of intervention strategies and reduction of the burden of the disease. In Ontario, Canada, developmental data are regularly collected for all kindergarten children with the Early Development Instrument (EDI), a teacher-completed questionnaire that provides information on children's status in five domains: physical, social, emotional, language/cognitive, and communication/general knowledge...
December 8, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216918/effect-of-structured-training-programme-on-the-knowledge-and-behaviors-of-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-among-the-female-teachers-in-turkey
#16
Ayla Bayık Temel, Şafak Dağhan, Şenay Kaymakçı, Renginar Öztürk Dönmez, Zeynep Arabacı
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer and cervical cancer are the most common cancers among women in the world. Many studies on the early detection of cancer have been conducted among women worldwide, but few studies have been performed in the world on female teachers regarding breast self-examination (BSE), mammography (MMG) and Pap smear test (PST). As teachers interact with students, this could play an important role in health education and in developing healthy behavior such as cancer screening...
December 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216789/open-book-exams-a-potential-solution-to-the-full-curriculum
#17
Andrew Teodorczuk, James Fraser, Gary D Rogers
In this Personal View article, as curriculum designers, we consider whether there is a place for open book exams in Medical School curricula. Specifically, at a time when medical teachers complain about the difficulties of delivering a full curriculum, we propose that open book assessment approaches may help to free up the curriculum as learners become less reliant on memorizing facts. Moreover deeper learning of higher level outcomes can be achieved and more authentic assessment approaches undertaken. We also look at the recent literature and consider reasons, both for and against open book exams, at theoretical and practical levels...
December 7, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215309/can-teacher-child-relationships-support-human-rights-to-freedom-of-opinion-and-expression-education-and-participation
#18
Cen Wang, Linda J Harrison, Sharynne McLeod, Sue Walker, Jantine L Spilt
PURPOSE: This study explored how teacher-child relationships change over the early school years, in terms of closeness and conflict, whether these trajectories differ in type and frequency for children with typical development and children with speech and language concern (SLC), and whether the trajectories are associated with school outcomes at 12-13 years. METHOD: Participants were children, parents and teachers in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215296/identifying-risk-for-language-impairment-in-children-from-linguistically-diverse-low-income-schools
#19
Peggy F Jacobson, Suzanne Thompson Miller
PURPOSE: To improve screening procedures for children in a linguistically diverse context, we combined tasks known to reveal grammatical deficits in children with language impairment (LI) with training to facilitate performance on a verb elicitation task. METHOD: Sixty-four first grade children participated. The objective grammatical measures included elicitation of 12 past tense regular verbs preceded by a teaching phase (teach-test), the sentence recall (SR) subtest of the Clinical evaluation of language fundamentals (CELF-4), and a tally of all conjugated verbs from a narrative retell task...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214932/-students-having-parents-with-mental-health-issues-and-teachers-mental-health-literacy
#20
Dirk Bruland, Katharina Kornblum, Stefanie Harsch, Janine Bröder, Orkan Okan, Ullrich Bauer
Students Having Parents with Mental Health Issues and Teachers' Mental Health Literacy Mental health issues of parents of school children often negatively affects the children as well, including their school performance and social behavior in the school setting. Teachers are then required to take actions with regards to supporting children in their coping with and mastering of their home situation and their responds to educational demands. As such, schools' and teachers' actions can either support affected children and fulfill a protective function or respond inappropriately, with negative impact on the affected children...
December 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
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