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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647791/premonitory-symptoms-of-migraine-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#1
REVIEW
N Karsan, P Prabhakar, P J Goadsby
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Premonitory symptoms in migraine; symptoms occurring before the onset of migraine pain or aura, are an increasingly recognised area of interest within headache research. It has been recently documented in the literature that these symptoms also occur in children and adolescents, with a comparable phenotype to adults. This review discusses the wide presentation of premonitory symptoms in migraine in children and adolescents, and the importance of understanding how these early symptoms are mediated in order to ensure that targeted abortive therapies are developed in the future...
July 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647048/-resident-as-teacher-in-pediatric-surgery-innovation-is-overdue-in-central-europe
#2
REVIEW
S Zundel, M Stocker, P Szavay
PURPOSE: We set out to evaluate how residents in pediatric surgery learn and how they teach. We hypnotized that European residents learn as much from their peers and teach as much as their fellows worldwide, but that they receive comparably less educational training. METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed to the participants of the combined annual meeting for German, Swiss and Austrian residents in pediatric surgery. Participants were asked whom they learn from in different workplace environments (ward, operating room, emergency department), how, when and why they adopt the role of teacher and how they were prepared for this role...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647010/social-skills-training-for-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Nora Choque Olsson, Oskar Flygare, Christina Coco, Anders Görling, Anna Råde, Qi Chen, Katarina Lindstedt, Steve Berggren, Eva Serlachius, Ulf Jonsson, Kristiina Tammimies, Lars Kjellin, Sven Bölte
OBJECTIVE: Social skills group training (SSGT) for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is widely applied, but effectiveness in real-world practice has not yet been properly evaluated. This study sought to bridge this gap. METHOD: This 12-week pragmatic randomized controlled trial of SSGT compared to standard care alone was conducted at 13 child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient units in Sweden. Twelve sessions of manualized SSGT ("KONTAKT") were delivered by regular clinical staff...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646977/the-efficacy-of-conjoint-behavioral-consultation-in-the-home-setting-outcomes-and-mechanisms-in-rural-communities
#4
Susan M Sheridan, Amanda L Witte, Shannon R Holmes, ChaoRong Wu, Sonya A Bhatia, Samantha R Angell
This study reports the results of a randomized controlled trial examining the effect of Conjoint Behavioral Consultation (CBC), a family-school partnership intervention, on children's behaviors, parents' skills, and parent-teacher relationships in rural community and town settings. Participants were 267 children, 267 parents, and 152 teachers in 45 Midwestern schools. Using an Intent to Treat approach and data analyzed within a multilevel modeling framework, CBC yielded promising results for some but not all outcomes...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646975/impact-of-incredible-years%C3%A2-on-teacher-perceptions-of-parental-involvement-a-latent-transition-analysis
#5
Aaron M Thompson, Keith C Herman, Melissa A Stormont, Wendy M Reinke, Carolyn Webster-Stratton
The purpose of the present study was to examine the impact of the Incredible Years® Teacher Classroom Management (IY TCM) training on teacher perceptions of parental involvement. A cluster randomized design was used to assign 42 classroom teachers to either an IY TCM training (n=19) or a control condition (n=23). Teachers rated parental involvement (i.e., bonding with teacher, parental involvement at school) for the families of 805 low income students (IY TCM=504, control=301). A latent profile transition analysis framework was used to model the effect of IY TCM on teacher perceptions of parental involvement from pre to posttest...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646974/testing-the-feasibility-of-a-briefer-school-based-preventive-intervention-with-aggressive-children-a-hybrid-intervention-with-face-to-face-and-internet-components
#6
John E Lochman, Caroline L Boxmeyer, Shannon Jones, Lixin Qu, David Ewoldsen, W Michael Nelson
This study describes the results from a feasibility study of an innovative indicated prevention intervention with hybrid face-to-face and web-based components for preadolescent youth. This intervention includes a considerably briefer set of face-to-face sessions from the evidence-based Coping Power program and a carefully integrated internet component with practice and teaching activities and cartoon videos for children and for parents. The Coping Power - Internet Enhanced (CP-IE) program introduces a set of cognitive-behavioral skills in 12 small group sessions for children delivered during the school day and 7 group sessions for parents...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646973/parent-involvement-in-beginning-primary-school-correlates-and-changes-in-involvement-across-the-first-two-years-of-school-in-a-new-zealand-sample
#7
Philippa S McDowall, Mele Taumoepeau, Elizabeth Schaughency
This study described the relations of parents' and teachers' beliefs and attitudes to forms of parents' involvement in children's first two years of primary school. Parents of children in their first year of primary school (age 5) were recruited from 12 classrooms within four schools in New Zealand; 196 families participated in their child's first year, and 124 families continued to participate in their child's second school year. Parents completed the Family-Involvement Questionnaire, New Zealand, and we archivally collected parent-documented children's oral reading homework...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646972/effectiveness-evaluation-of-the-positive-family-support-intervention-a-three-tiered-public-health-delivery-model-for-middle-schools
#8
Keith Smolkowski, John R Seeley, Jeffery M Gau, Tom J Dishion, Elizabeth A Stormshak, Kevin J Moore, Corrina A Falkenstein, Gregory M Fosco, S Andrew Garbacz
This article presents the results of an evaluation of Positive Family Support, an ecological family intervention and treatment approach to parent supports and family management training developed from a history of basic and translational research. This effectiveness trial, with 41 public middle schools randomly assigned to intervention or control, examined student-, teacher-, and parent-reported outcomes, as well as math and reading scores and school attendance. Multilevel analyses suggested that for students at risk for behavior problems, immediate-intervention schools outperformed control schools on parent-reported negative school contacts for students at risk for behavior problems...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646328/parent-perceptions-of-medication-treatment-for-preschool-children-with-adhd
#9
Katie C Hart, Rosmary Ros, Victoria Gonzalez, Paulo A Graziano
This study sought to examine parent perceptions of medication use for 151 preschool children (M age  = 5.05 years, 78% male, 82% Hispanic/Latino) with or at-risk for ADHD who were medication naive. Parents completed questionnaires regarding family background and perceptions of medication treatment. Parents and teachers completed ratings of child diagnostic symptomatology, behavioral functioning, and functional impairment. Results indicate that only 45% of parents were open to the possibility of medication...
June 23, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645979/the-2015-middle-childhood-survey-mcs-of-mental-health-and-well-being-at-age-11-years-in-an-australian-population-cohort
#10
Kristin R Laurens, Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Sally A Brinkman, Miles Bore, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Maxwell Smith, Allyson Holbrook, Kim M Robinson, Robert Stevens, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Melissa J Green
PURPOSE: The Middle Childhood Survey (MCS) was designed as a computerised self-report assessment of children's mental health and well-being at approximately 11 years of age, conducted with a population cohort of 87 026 children being studied longitudinally within the New South Wales (NSW) Child Development Study. PARTICIPANTS: School Principals provided written consent for teachers to administer the MCS in class to year 6 students at 829 NSW schools (35.0% of eligible schools)...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645485/eli-ruckenstein-a-rare-researcher-teacher-and-mentor-par-excellence
#11
EDITORIAL
Yun Hang Hu, Ramanathan Nagarajan, Paschalis Alexandridis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645445/fundamental-frequency-and-formants-before-and-after-prolonged-voice-use-in-teachers
#12
Ariane Damasceno Pellicani, Alice Ramos Fontes, Francisco Flavio Santos, Aline Damasceno Pellicani, Lilian Neto Aguiar-Ricz
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe and correlate the fundamental frequency behavior and the first four formants before and after exposure to usual and routinely prolonged voice use from teachers with over 4 years of experience in teaching. STUDY DESIGN: The study design is observational and transversal with quantitative and descriptive evaluations. METHODS: A total of 28 female teachers were subjected to the Screening Index for Voice Disorder (SIVD) and to recordings of the sustained vowel /a/ before and after exposure to prolonged voice use...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645425/we-are-teachers-by-design-the-time-machine-approach-time-to-revisit
#13
EDITORIAL
Joseph S Sanfilippo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644788/initiatives-for-responding-to-medical-trainees-moral-distress-about-end-of-life-cases
#14
M Sara Rosenthal, Maria Clay
Moral distress frequently arises for medical trainees exposed to end-of-life cases. We review the small literature on best practices for reducing moral distress in such cases and propose two areas to target for moral distress reduction: medical education and organizational ethics programs. Students require training in end-of-life dialogues and truthful prognostication, which are not generally available without skilled mentors. But physician-mentors and teachers can suffer from lingering moral residue themselves, which can affect the teaching culture and student expectations...
June 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642727/-learning-science-is-about-facts-and-language-learning-is-about-being-discursive-an-empirical-investigation-of-students-disciplinary-beliefs-in-the-context-of-argumentation
#15
Patricia Heitmann, Martin Hecht, Ronny Scherer, Julia Schwanewedel
Argumentation is considered crucial in numerous disciplines in schools and universities because it constitutes an important proficiency in peoples' daily and professional lives. However, it is unclear whether argumentation is understood and practiced in comparable ways across disciplines. This study consequently examined empirically how students perceive argumentation in science and (first) language lessons. Specifically, we investigated students' beliefs about the relevance of discourse and the role of facts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642374/behavioral-patterns-in-adolescents-born-at-23-to-25-weeks-of-gestation
#16
Maria Samuelsson, Antti Holsti, Marie Adamsson, Fredrik Serenius, Bruno Hägglöf, Aijaz Farooqi
BACKGROUND: This study examined mental health outcomes in extremely preterm children (EPT) born at 23 to 25 weeks of gestation between 1992 and 1998 at 2 Swedish tertiary care centers that offered regional and active perinatal care to all live-born EPT infants. METHODS: We assessed 132 (98%) of the 134 EPT survivors at 10 to 15 years of age alongside term-born controls. Behavioral and emotional problems were evaluated by using Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklist and Teacher Report Form and Conners' Parent and Teacher scales for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder...
June 22, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641901/putting-evaluation-capacity-building-in-context-reflections-on-the-ontario-brain-institute-s-evaluation-support-program
#17
Jean A King
This article, in three parts, reflects on the content of the six articles included in the forum. It begins with a description of the Evaluation Support Program, emphasizing its key attributes. Next, it raises two points regarding ECB theory: (1) the need to become clearer about the concepts and terms used to describe and study this phenomenon, and (2) the potential value of social science theory to understand ECB and improve its practice. The article concludes with practical ideas for improving ECB: (1) framing it as an educative act, which assigns the evaluator the critical role of evaluation teacher/coach; and (2) the importance of never assuming that an ECB effort begins in unchartered territory, but rather that it builds on people's knowledge, skills, attitudes, and previous experiences...
May 13, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641090/injunctive-safety-norms-young-worker-risk-taking-behaviors-and-workplace-injuries
#18
Simon Pek, Nick Turner, Sean Tucker, E Kevin Kelloway, Jayne Morrish
Injunctive safety norms (ISNs) refer to perceptions of others' expectations of one's safety-related conduct. Drawing on a sample of Canadian young workers (n=11,986;M age=17.90years; 55% males), we study the relationships among four sources of non-work-related (i.e., parents, siblings, friends, teachers), two sources of work-related (i.e., supervisors, co-workers) ISNs, young workers' self-reported work-related risk-taking behaviors, and workplace injuries. Structural equation modeling suggests that ISNs from parents, supervisors, and co-workers were related to less frequent work-related risk-taking behaviors, and with fewer workplace injuries via less frequent work-related risk-taking behaviors...
June 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639805/how-do-parent-expectations-promote-child-academic-achievement-in-early-elementary-school-a-test-of-three-mediators
#19
John Loughlin-Presnal, Karen L Bierman
Using a longitudinal mediation framework and a low-income sample, this study had 2 aims: (a) to model bidirectional associations between parent academic expectations and child academic outcomes from first through fifth grade, and (b) to explore 3 mediators of parental influence: parent involvement in child schooling, child learning behaviors, and child perceived academic competence. Participants included 356 children and their caregivers (89% mothers) recruited from Head Start centers (58% European American, 25% African American, 17% Latino)...
June 22, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639490/the-role-of-special-education-teachers-in-facilitating-peer-relationships-among-students-with-mild-intellectual-disabilities-in-lower-secondary-school
#20
Hanne Marie Høybråten Sigstad
BACKGROUND: Students with intellectual disabilities may lack sufficiently developed skills to initiate qualitatively good social interactions; thus, they might be in need of assistance. This study examined special education teachers' role in facilitating peer relationships among students with mild intellectual disabilities in a mainstream school context. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with nine special education teachers who belong to special education groups in lower secondary schools...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
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