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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343342/caregiver-teacher-concordance-of-challenging-behaviors-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-served-in-community-mental-health-settings
#1
Nicole Stadnick, Colby Chlebowski, Lauren Brookman-Frazee
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit high rates of challenging behaviors that impair functioning and represent the primary presenting problem in mental health (MH) services. Obtaining symptom reports from multiple informants is critical for treatment planning. This study evaluated caregiver-teacher concordance of ratings of the intensity of challenging behaviors in children with ASD receiving MH services, and identified child clinical factors associated with concordance. This sample included 141 children (M = 9...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343203/developing-the-professional-competence-of-future-doctors-in-the-instructional-setting-of-higher-medical-educational-institutions
#2
Halyna Yu Morokhovets, Yuliia V Lysanets
INTRODUCTION: The main objectives of higher medical education is the continuous professional improvement of physicians to meet the needs dictated by the modern world both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In this respect, the system of higher medical education has undergone certain changes - from determining the range of professional competences to the adoption of new standards of education in medicine. AIM: The article aims to analyze the parameters of doctor's professionalism in the context of competence-based approach and to develop practical recommendations for the improvement of instruction techniques...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342677/prevalence-of-voice-disorders-in-singers-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Pedro Melo Pestana, Susana Vaz-Freitas, Maria Conceição Manso
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to review the prevalence of self-reported voice disorders in singers. STUDY DESIGN: The study is a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic review of five major scientific databases was conducted. An extensive search strategy was used considering the rules of each database. Original articles were included only if they had data related to self-perception of dysphonia in the past. Furthermore, heterogeneity and its relative significance were assessed...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342337/nice-guys-homozygocity-for-the-tph2-703g-t-rs4570625-minor-allele-promotes-low-aggressiveness-and-low-anxiety
#4
Kariina Laas, Evelyn Kiive, Jarek Mäestu, Mariliis Vaht, Toomas Veidebaum, Jaanus Harro
BACKGROUND: Tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis of serotonin. We examined whether the TPH2 polymorphism -703G/T (rs4570625) is associated with aggressiveness and impulsivity, and the prevalence of psychiatric disorders, in a population-representative sample. METHODS: We used self and proxy reports on aggressive behaviour in the younger birth cohort of the longitudinal Estonian Children Personality, Behaviour and Health Study collected at age 25, and earlier collected impulsivity and related data of both ECPBHS cohorts...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340051/protective-factors-for-work-ability-in-preschool-teachers
#5
I Sottimano, S Viotti, G Guidetti, D Converso
Background: Work ability (WA) describes the physical and intellectual resources on which individuals can rely to respond to work demands. While several studies have investigated the protective role of work-related psychosocial factors on WA, only a few have examined differences across age cohorts. Moreover, few studies have investigated WA in the educational context and most of those did not consider preschool teachers. Aims: To examine the role of psychosocial factors (support from colleagues, support from supervisors, work meaning, reward, skill discretion and autonomy) in sustaining WA among preschool teachers in different age cohorts...
March 8, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337583/toward-a-research-agenda-building-character-strengths-in-school-settings
#6
EDITORIAL
Andrew Sokatch
Character strengths matter for long term success, and a growing body of evidence suggests that schools can be powerful places, and teachers powerful agents, by which these strengths are developed in adolescence. The articles in this volume move the field forward in important ways, and lead to a clear research agenda focused on creating testable interventions to build school and classroom environments that will assist young people in growing and leveraging these critical strengths.
March 23, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337159/hey-teacher-don-t-leave-them-kids-alone-action-is-better-for-memory-than-reading
#7
Mathieu Hainselin, Laurence Picard, Patrick Manolli, Sophie Vankerkore-Candas, Béatrice Bourdin
There is no consensus on how the enactment effect (EE), although it is robust, enhances memory. Researchers are currently investigating the cognitive processes underlying this effect, mostly during adulthood; the link between EE and crucial function identified in adulthood such as episodic memory and binding process remains elusive. Therefore, this study aims to verify the existence of EE in 6-10 years old and assess cognitive functions potentially linked to this effect in order to shed light on the mechanisms underlying the EE during childhood...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337001/outreach-teachers-essential
#8
P Hellyer, K A Jones, D R Radford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336319/influence-of-gender-of-the-teaching-staff-on-students-acceptance-of-a-virtual-implant-planning-course
#9
Emeka Nkenke, Elefterios Vairaktaris, Hans-Günter Schaller, Christos Perisanidis, Stephan Eitner
Acceptance of new technology is influenced by a number of situational and social factors. So far, only limited data are available on the influence of the teaching staff's gender on the acceptance of virtual dental implant planning by students. This study aimed at assessing the influence of the teaching staff's gender on the acceptance of a virtual implant planning course by male and female undergraduate dental students and their general attitude toward implantology. Two groups of third-year dental students (group 1, 9 males, 22 females; group 2, 12 males, 20 females) attended a virtual dental implant planning course...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335639/a-teachers-training-program-accompanying-the-school-fruit-scheme-fruit-distribution-improves-children-s-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-an-italian-trial
#10
Romana Roccaldo, Laura Censi, Laura D'Addezio, Sibilla Berni Canani, Laura Gennaro
The effects of a nutrition education program, led by trained teachers within the Italian School Fruit Scheme, were evaluated. Pre-post intervention children's adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) was assessed by the KIDMED test. A representative cluster sample of 494 fourth grade students from thirteen Italian schools in the three areas of low (North), medium (Centre) and high (South) prevalence of overweight and obesity was investigated. Within the same schools, the intervention group (n = 395) received the program, the control group (n = 99) did not...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334795/everyday-stressors-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-adolescents-the-role-of-coping-and-pragmatics
#11
Anat Zaidman-Zait, Adi Dotan
The current mixed-methods study examined everyday problems among deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) adolescents across various life domains. To better understand the factors influencing levels of perceived stress, the impact of DHH adolescents' coping and pragmatic abilities was also examined. Thirty DHH adolescents completed questionnaires about everyday stressors and coping, and 13 of these respondents were interviewed regarding their everyday problems. All participants used spoken language and attended mainstream high schools...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334629/diabetes-knowledge-and-perceptions-among-nursing-students-and-curriculum-differences-in-japan-and-australia-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Lucie M Ramjan, Hiroko Watanabe, Yenna Salamonson
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between knowledge and perceptions of diabetes mellitus (DM) among nursing students from Japan and Australia; and to compare curriculum differences. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Convenience sample of students from Japan (N=78) and Australia (N=85) in their final year were surveyed. Students reported demographic details, and perceptions towards caring for patients with DM. The 23-item Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test (MDKT) was used to assess general knowledge, and seven additional questions were used to assess DM-related clinical knowledge (CDKT)...
March 16, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334470/yoga-breast-cancer-related-lymphoedema-and-wellbeing-a-descriptive-report-of-women-s-participation-in-a-clinical-trial
#13
Annette Loudon, Tony Barnett, Andrew Williams
AIM: To describe the experiences of women taking part in a yoga intervention trial for breast cancer-related lymphoedema. BACKGROUND: Around 20% of women will experience lymphoedema as a consequence of treatment for breast cancer. Specialist lymphoedema clearing, along with self-management, remains the mainstay of therapy. Yoga, an increasingly popular complementary therapeutic practice, may provide another tool to augment self-management. DESIGN: A qualitative, descriptive design...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333990/creativity-associated-with-the-application-of-a-motivational-intervention-programme-for-the-teaching-of-dance-at-school-and-its-effect-on-the-both-genders
#14
Diana Amado, Pedro Antonio Sánchez-Miguel, Pablo Molero
The current study reviews processes of teaching-learning based on creativity, with the application by teachers of several strategies to support the need for autonomy, competence, and relatedness. The aim is to learn the effect of pupil's gender on their motivational level and the psychological consequences that might arise in the cognitive, affective, and behavioural domains. A quasi-experimental study was carried out at four schools in Mexico, with 12 physical education teachers and 40 natural groups of pupils aged between 11 and 17 (M = 13...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333955/producing-or-reproducing-reasoning-socratic-dialog-is-very-effective-but-only-for-a-few
#15
Andrea Paula Goldin, Olivia Pedroncini, Mariano Sigman
Successful communication between a teacher and a student is at the core of pedagogy. A well known example of a pedagogical dialog is 'Meno', a socratic lesson of geometry in which a student learns (or 'discovers') how to double the area of a given square 'in essence, a demonstration of Pythagoras' theorem. In previous studies we found that after engaging in the dialog participants can be divided in two kinds: those who can only apply a rule to solve the problem presented in the dialog and those who can go beyond and generalize that knowledge to solve any square problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333529/the-long-arm-of-childhood-preschool-associations-with-adolescent-health
#16
Terri J Sabol, Lindsay Till Hoyt
The current study examines the extent to which participation in preschool at age 4 is associated with blood pressure, body mass index, and awakening cortisol at age 15. We capitalize on data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development to examine differences in adolescent health among children who attended preschool, parental care, or home-based care at age 4 (n = 742). Using quasi-experimental methods, we found that preschool participation was associated with multiple positive health outcomes in adolescence...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333510/comparing-treatments-for-children-with-adhd-and-word-reading-difficulties-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Leanne Tamm, Carolyn A Denton, Jeffery N Epstein, Christopher Schatschneider, Heather Taylor, L Eugene Arnold, Oscar Bukstein, Julia Anixt, Anson Koshy, Nicholas C Newman, Jan Maltinsky, Patricia Brinson, Richard E A Loren, Mary R Prasad, Linda Ewing-Cobbs, Aaron Vaughn
OBJECTIVE: This trial compared attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment alone, intensive reading intervention alone, and their combination for children with ADHD and word reading difficulties and disabilities (RD). METHOD: Children (n = 216; predominantly African American males) in Grades 2-5 with ADHD and word reading/decoding deficits were randomized to ADHD treatment (medication + parent training), reading treatment (reading instruction), or combined ADHD + reading treatment...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333495/variables-associated-with-achievement-in-higher-education-a-systematic-review-of-meta-analyses
#18
Michael Schneider, Franzis Preckel
The last 2 decades witnessed a surge in empirical studies on the variables associated with achievement in higher education. A number of meta-analyses synthesized these findings. In our systematic literature review, we included 38 meta-analyses investigating 105 correlates of achievement, based on 3,330 effect sizes from almost 2 million students. We provide a list of the 105 variables, ordered by the effect size, and summary statistics for central research topics. The results highlight the close relation between social interaction in courses and achievement...
March 23, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331540/effect-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-training-program-on-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-school-teachers-in-kaduna-north-west-nigeria
#19
Dupe Lasisi, Cornelius Ani, Victor Lasebikan, Lateef Sheikh, Olayinka Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: There are indications that teachers have limited knowledge about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), despite its high prevalence in childhood and its long-term effects on students such as academic underachievement, reduced self-esteem, and social and behavioural difficulties. This study is therefore aimed at assessing the effect of an ADHD training program on the knowledge of ADHD among primary school teachers in Kaduna, Nigeria and their attitudes towards pupils with ADHD...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331383/applying-team-based-learning-of-diagnostics-for-undergraduate-students-assessing-teaching-effectiveness-by-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study
#20
Rui Zeng, Lian-Rui Xiang, Jing Zeng, Chuan Zuo
BACKGROUND: We aimed to introduce team-based learning (TBL) as one of the teaching methods for diagnostics and to compare its teaching effectiveness with that of the traditional teaching methods. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial on diagnostics teaching involving 111 third-year medical undergraduates, using TBL as the experimental intervention, compared with lecture-based learning as the control, for teaching the two topics of symptomatology. Individual Readiness Assurance Test (IRAT)-baseline and Group Readiness Assurance Test (GRAT) were performed in members of each TBL subgroup...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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