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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944855/integrated-mrnaseq-and-micrornaseq-data-analysis-for-grade%C3%A2-iii-gliomas
#1
Junqiang Dai, Zhitong Bing, Yinian Zhang, Qiao Li, Liang Niu, Wentao Liang, Guoqiang Yuan, Lei Duan, Hang Yin, Yawen Pan
The World Health Organization classification distinguishes four grades for gliomas. Grade III gliomas, which are brain malignant brain tumors with variable biological behavior and propensity, have been not widely investigated. The objective of the present study was to identify specific gene modules and valuable hubs associated with gliomagenesis and molecular signatures to assist in determining grade III glioma prognosis. mRNAseq and micro (mi)RNAseq data were used to construct a co‑expression network of gliomas using weight gene co‑expression network analysis, and revealed the prognostic molecular signature of grade III gliomas...
September 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944588/left-ventricular-perforation-after-impella%C3%A2-placement-in-a-patient-with-cardiogenic-shock
#2
David C Peritz, Lee Linstroth, Craig H Selzman, Edward M Gilbert
Mechanical cardiovascular support devices are now widely used both in the setting of cardiogenic shock as well as during high risk cardiac catheterization procedures. We report a case of a young female patient who presented with presumed myocarditis and rapidly deteriorating decompensated heart failure requiring the implantation of an Impella Circulatory Support System. Upon transfer to our facility it was discovered that during transport, the Impella device had migrated through the left ventricle. She was emergently taken to the operating room where the Impella was surgically removed and biventricular support devices were placed...
September 25, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944502/immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-in-non-hiv-immunosuppressed-patients
#3
REVIEW
Hirohiko Sueki, Yoshiko Mizukawa, Yumi Aoyama
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) represents a clinical phenomenon of immune-mediated inflammation against various antigens, including pathogenic microorganisms, drugs and unknown autoantigens, during recovery from immunosuppressed conditions. IRIS has become well recognized in HIV-infected populations. However, IRIS has seldom been recognized in HIV-negative immunocompromised patients. In the last 15 years, the immunopathogenesis of drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS) has been largely determined...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943633/vancomycin-induced-leukocytoclastic-vasculitis-and-acute-renal-failure-due-to-tubulointerstitial-nephritis
#4
Chandra Shekar Pingili, Emmanuel E Okon
BACKGROUND Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia and sepsis are commonly treated with intravenous vancomycin. However, vancomycin treatment is associated adverse reactions, including skin rashes and nephrotoxicity. We present a case of acute renal failure due to acute tubulointerstitial nephritis associated with a diffuse leukocytoclastic vasculitic skin eruption following intravenous vancomycin treatment. CASE REPORT A 79-year-old Caucasian male patient was treated with intravenous vancomycin for MRSA bacteremia...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943483/permanent-decline-of-renal-function-after-infrarenal-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-frequency-and-risk-factors
#5
Liesa Zabrocki, Frank Marquardt, Klaus Albrecht, Andreas Kribben, Stefan Herget-Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Permanent renal function decline, development and deterioration of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are associated with serious complications. How frequent is renal function decline after infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (iAAA) repair according to current definitions and what are its risk factors, especially potentially modifiable ones? METHODS: Retrospective observational study including all patients with elective or urgent iAAA repair from 2007 to 2011...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943458/feedback-facility-assisted-balance-training-in-a-patient-with-multiple-system-atrophy-a-case-report
#6
Hyo Jeong Lee, Ko Eun Lee, Tae Im Yi, Hyun Young Kim
Multiple system atrophy is a rare neurodegenerative disease with poor prognosis. Furthermore, there are no pharmacology or notable rehabilitation strategies available to prevent the worsening of the disease. This case report assessed the outcome of feedback facility-assisted balance training in combination with physical therapy in a 61-year-old man. The patient participated in 30 training sessions over six weeks for 30 minutes each that involved balance training. His static and dynamic balance abilities were improved on the Berg Balance Scale, Trunk Impairment Scale, Functional Independence Measure, and Functional Reach...
September 21, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943024/clinical-research-in-critical-care-difficulties-and-perspectives
#7
J Latour-Pérez
In the field of Intensive Care Medicine, improved survival has resulted from better patient care, the early detection of clinical deterioration, and the prevention of iatrogenic complications, while research on new treatments has been followed by an overwhelming number of disappointments. The origins of these fiascos must be sought in the conjunction of methodological problems - common to other disciplines - and the particularities of critically ill patients. The present article discusses both aspects and suggests some options for progress...
September 21, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942401/fulminant-myocardial-bleeding-another-clinical-course-of-vascular-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#8
Masahide Tokue, Hidehiko Hara, Kenji Kurosawa, Masato Nakamura
Vascular Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (vEDS) is a dominantly inherited connective tissue disorder characterised by colon rupture and arterial aneurysm, dissection and rupture. A patient was diagnosed with vEDS after a spontaneous colon rupture when he was brought to our institute because of sudden chest pain. An ECG revealed wide regional ST elevation, which was initially suggestive of acute myocarditis. On the second day, haemodynamics suddenly deteriorated because of a rapid accumulation of bloody pericardial effusion, and the patient died...
September 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942398/disseminated-herpes-zoster-causing-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#9
David M Rudinsky, Kim Jordan
Disseminated cutaneous varicella herpes zoster with visceral involvement is rare and seen almost exclusively in immunocompromised patients. We describe an unusual case of fulminant herpes zoster (HZ) in a healthy, immunocompetent 37-year-old woman. She initially presented to an urgent care centre with a classic HZ rash localised to her neck, and upper respiratory symptoms and was treated with prednisone and cephalexin. Within 1 week, the rash became diffuse and her clinical status rapidly deteriorated with development of severe acute respiratory distress syndrome...
September 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942388/restorative-valve-therapy-by-endogenous-tissue-restoration-tomorrow-s-world-reflection-on-the-europcr-2017-session-on-endogenous-tissue-restoration
#10
Patrick W Serruys, Yosuke Miyazaki, Athanasios Katsikis, Mohammad Abdelghani, Martin B Leon, Renu Virmani, Thierry Carrel, Martijn Cox, Yoshinobu Onuma, Osama I I Soliman
The current standard of treatment of valvular diseases with severe functional and/or clinical consequences is the repair or replacement of the valve, which is usually surgical or, in specific scenarios, percutaneous. The available prosthetic valves, however, are not a magic bullet in the physicians' arsenal for the management of valvular diseases, since the age-dependent structural valve deterioration (SVD) and the need for prolonged systemic anticoagulation in the case of metallic prosthetic valves are not inconsequential during the lifespan of a patient with an implanted prosthetic valve...
September 24, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942034/agxt2-rs37369-polymorphism-predicts-the-renal-function-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#11
Xiao-Lei Hu, Wen-Jing Zeng, Mu-Peng Li, Yong-Long Yang, Da-Bin Kuang, He Li, Yan-Jiao Zhang, Chun Jiang, Li-Ming Peng, Hong Qi, Ke Zhang, Xiao-Ping Chen
Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) are often accompanied with varying degrees of renal diseases. The purpose of this study was to identify rs37369 polymorphism of AGXT2 specific to the renal function of CHF patients. A total of 1012 southern Chinese participants, including 487 CHF patients without renal diseases and 525 healthy volunteers, were recruited for this study. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was used to determine the genotypes of AGXT2 rs37369 polymorphism...
September 20, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941748/impact-of-triggering-events-on-outcomes-of-acute-heart-failure
#12
Yasuyuki Shiraishi, Shun Kohsaka, Takayuki Abe, Kazumasa Harada, Tetsuro Miyazaki, Takamichi Miyamoto, Kiyoshi Iida, Shuzou Tanimoto, Mayuko Yagawa, Makoto Takei, Yuji Nagatomo, Toru Hosoda, Takeshi Yamamoto, Ken Nagao, Morimasa Takayama
BACKGROUND: The onset of acute heart failure is known to be associated with increased physical activity and other specific behaviors that can trigger hemodynamic deterioration. This analysis aimed to describe the distribution of triggers in patients hospitalized for acute heart failure, and investigate their effects on in-hospital outcomes. METHODS: Consecutive patients hospitalized for acute heart failure between 2010-2014 were registered in a multicenter data registration system (72 institutions within Tokyo, Japan)...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939250/not-every-trauma-patient-with-a-radiographic-head-injury-requires-transfer-for-neurosurgical-evaluation-application-of-the-brain-injury-guidelines-to-patients-transferred-to-a-level-1-trauma-center
#13
Gweniviere Kayla Capron, Mary Beth Voights, Henry R Moore, Derek B Wall
BACKGROUND: Patients with radiographically-identified traumatic brain injury are often transferred to our regional trauma center for neurosurgical evaluation, yet few injuries require neurosurgical intervention. Transfer is costly, inconvenient, and potentially risky in inclement weather. We propose that previously-published brain injury guidelines (BIG)(1) can help to determine which patients could avoid mandatory transfer. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients transferred between January 2012 and December 2013 was performed...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939223/stereotactic-radiosurgery-with-or-without-whole-brain-radiation-therapy-for-limited-brain-metastases-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-north-central-cancer-treatment-group-n0574-alliance-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Thomas M Churilla, Karla V Ballman, Paul D Brown, Erin L Twohy, Kurt Jaeckle, Elana Farace, Jane H Cerhan, S Keith Anderson, Xiomara W Carrero, Yolanda I Garces, Fred G Barker, Richard Deming, Jesse G Dixon, Stuart H Burri, Caroline Chung, Cynthia Ménard, Volker W Stieber, Bruce E Pollock, Evanthia Galanis, Jan C Buckner, Anthony L Asher
PURPOSE: To determine whether whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) is associated with improved overall survival among non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with favorable prognoses at diagnosis. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In the N0574 trial, patients with 1 to 3 brain metastases were randomized to receive stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) or SRS plus WBRT (SRS + WBRT), with a primary endpoint of cognitive deterioration. We calculated diagnosis-specific graded prognostic assessment (DS-GPA) scores for NSCLC patients and evaluated overall survival according to receipt of WBRT and DS-GPA score using 2 separate cut-points (≥2...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938179/does-simulation-enhance-nurses-ability-to-assess-deteriorating-patients
#15
Maria Bliss, Leanne M Aitken
Recognising and responding to patient deterioration has been identified as a key skill in nursing care to ensure that care is escalated for prompt, efficient management of the potentially critically ill patient. Simulation is one teaching strategy that has been established in nurse education as a method for enhancing skills. The objective was to explore the experiences of registered nurses to ascertain whether they perceived that simulation enhanced their skills in recognising the deteriorating patient. An exploratory qualitative design was used...
September 12, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937972/a-risk-factor-analysis-of-cognitive-impairment-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-diseases-in-a-chinese-population
#16
Ye Li, Xiang Fang, Wei-Gang Zhao, Yan Chen, Shi-Lian Hu
BACKGROUND This study analyzed the risk factors of cognitive impairment (CI) in elderly patients with chronic diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS In total of 385 elderly patients with chronic diseases were selected and assigned into CI and normal groups. The activities of daily living (ADL), global deterioration scale (GDS), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA), patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA), and mini nutritional assessment (MNA) were performed to analyze the differences between the 2 groups...
September 22, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937582/design-of-the-exercise-mri-evaluation-of-hiv-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-longitudinal-determinants-exhalted-trial
#17
Mohamad Amer Alaiti, Aditya Goud, Gautam Ramani, Sashwatee Bagchi, Sadeer Al-Kindi, Steven Sawicki, Christopher Longenecker, Trevor Jenkins, David Pauza, Myung Park, Grace McComsey, Orlando Simonetti, Brian Hoit, Sanjay Rajagopalan
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a potentially serious cause of dyspnea and exercise limitation in patients with HIV infection. In this trial, we propose using exercise MRI in conjunction with cardiopulmonary testing to delineate PAH from other causes of cardiovascular dysfunction, identify individuals with exercise-induced PAH who are at high risk of developing resting PAH, and provide longitudinal estimates of progression of PAH and right ventricular function. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, HIV patients with dyspnea and exercise limitation in the absence of identifiable causes and those who meet the inclusion criteria will be enrolled based on resting pulmonary artery pressure (≤ or >40 mmHg) on a screening echocardiogram and exercise limitation on the Modified Medical Research Council dyspnea scale...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937546/a-randomized-nonblind-naturalistic-comparison-of-efficacy-and-cognitive-outcomes-with-right-unilateral-bifrontal-and-bitemporal-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-schizophrenia
#18
Aniket Bansod, Sushma S Sonavane, Nilesh B Shah, Avinash A De Sousa, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: There is little literature on the relative efficacy and cognitive safety of right unilateral (RUL), bifrontal (BF), and bitemporal (BT) electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in schizophrenia. METHODS: We present a randomized, nonblind, naturalist comparison of a fixed course of 8 moderately high-dose RUL (n = 24), threshold BF (n = 27), and threshold BT (n = 31) ECT in patients with schizophrenia. Assessments included the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised, and an autobiographical memory interview...
September 20, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937466/compressive-myelopathy-in-congenital-kyphosis-of-the-upper-thoracic-spine-a-retrospective-study-of-6-cases
#19
Zhengfeng Zhang, Honggang Wang, Wenjie Zheng
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this retrospective study was to describe the uncommon presentation of neurological deficits in patients with congenital kyphosis of the upper thoracic spine (T1-T4). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Congenital kyphosis is an uncommon deformity but can potentially lead to spinal cord compression and paraplegia, particularly in type I (failure of formation) deformities. Few reports have described compressive myelopathy associated with congenital kyphosis of the upper thoracic spine...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936074/syndromes-of-rapidly-progressive-cognitive-decline-our-experience
#20
Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra, Lakshminarayanapuram Gopal Viswanathan, Anupama Ramakanth Pai, Rahul Wahatule, Suvarna Alladi
BACKGROUND: Dementias are fairly slowly progressive degenerative diseases of brain for which treatment options are very less and carry a lot of burden on family and society. A small percentage of them are rapidly progressive and mostly carry a different course outcome. However, there are no definite criteria other than the time line for these patients. AIMS: The aim of this was to identify and categorize the causes and course of rapidly progressive dementias seen in our center...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
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