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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436613/paediatric-acute-care-highlights-from-the-paediatric-acute-care-advanced-paediatric-life-support-conference-adelaide-2016
#1
Stephen Ss Teo, Jacquie Schutz, Jane Stanford, Arjun Rao
The Paediatric Acute Care Conference (PACC) is an annual conference organised by Advanced Paediatric Life Support Australia to advance paediatric acute care topics for clinicians in pre-hospital medicine, EDs, acute paediatrics, intensive care and anaesthesia. The PACC 2016 was held at Glenelg, Adelaide, Australia. We provide a summary of some of the presentations.
April 24, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433509/transcutaneous-aortic-valve-implantation-using-the-carotid-artery-access-feasibility-and-clinical-outcomes
#2
Zacharenia Kallinikou, Alexandre Berger, Patrick Ruchat, Gregory Khatchatourov, Isabelle Fleisch, Branislav Korkodelovic, Emmanuel Henchoz, René-Andréas Marti, Stéphane Cook, Mario Togni, Jean-Jacques Goy
BACKGROUND: Transcarotid access is an alternative route for transcutaneous aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with impossible transfemoral access. AIMS: We evaluated the safety, effectiveness and early and late clinical outcomes of CoreValve(®) implantation via the common carotid artery. METHODS: Eighteen patients (10 men, 8 women; mean age 84±5 years) at high surgical risk (mean EuroSCORE II 16±13%) with significant peripheral artery disease underwent TAVI via common carotid artery access under general anaesthesia...
April 19, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426160/assessment-and-support-during-early-labour-for-improving-birth-outcomes
#3
REVIEW
Shinobu Kobayashi, Nobutsugu Hanada, Masayo Matsuzaki, Kenji Takehara, Erika Ota, Hatoko Sasaki, Chie Nagata, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: The progress of labour in the early or latent phase is usually slow and may include painful uterine contractions. Women may feel distressed and lose their confidence during this phase. Support and assessment interventions have been assessed in two previous Cochrane Reviews. This review updates and replaces these two reviews, which have become out of date. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of assessment and support interventions for women during early labour...
April 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417506/the-effect-of-intraoperative-hypothermia-upon-blood-transfusion-needs-and-length-of-stay-among-gastrointestinal-system-cancer-surgery
#4
V B Poveda, A S Nascimento
This cross-sectional study was performed to evaluate the relationship between intraoperative body temperature and the need for blood transfusion and length of stay in the post-anaesthetic care unit (PACU) or in the intensive care unit (ICU) among 79 patients undergoing elective oncology surgery of the digestive system. There was a statistically significant correlation between a lower temperature during surgery and medical diagnosis (p = .009), the use of bupivacaine anaesthesia (p = .016), anaesthesia time (p = ...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403414/a-national-survey-of-videolaryngoscopy-in-the-united-kingdom
#5
T M Cook, F E Kelly
Background.: There are increasing numbers of videolaryngoscopes marketed and increasing interest in the technology. The Difficult Airway Society's 2015 guidelines recommend that videolaryngoscopes should be immediately available at all times and that all anaesthetists should be trained and skilled in their use. Methods.: An electronic survey was sent to all UK National Health Service hospitals to examine availability, use, and attitudes to videolaryngoscopy, and closed in January 2014...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403017/effects-of-different-fresh-gas-flows-with-or-without-a-heat-and-moisture-exchanger-on-inhaled-gas-humidity-in-adults-undergoing-general-anaesthesia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#6
José R C Braz, Mariana G Braz, Yoko Hayashi, Regina H G Martins, Marluci Betini, Leandro G Braz, Regina El Dib
BACKGROUND: The minimum inhaled gas absolute humidity level is 20 mgH2O l for short-duration use in general anaesthesia and 30 mgH2O l for long-duration use in intensive care to avoid respiratory tract dehydration. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to compare the effects of different fresh gas flows (FGFs) through a circle rebreathing system with or without a heat and moisture exchanger (HME) on inhaled gas absolute humidity in adults undergoing general anaesthesia. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374467/changes-from-2012-to-2015-in-intravenous-fluid-solutions-issued-to-hospital-departments
#7
A B Jonsson, A Perner
BACKGROUND: In recent years, large trials have increased the level of evidence for intravenous (IV) fluid therapy, at least in the intensive care setting. It is less clear whether this change in the evidence base has been associated with changes in IV fluid use in different hospital departments. METHODS: We obtained details from the regional pharmacy regarding IV fluids issued to hospital departments in the Danish Capitol Region from January 2012 to May 2015. We used paired Wilcoxon's signed-rank test to analyse changes in the issuing in different departments...
May 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363848/perioperative-use-of-gabapentinoids-in-france
#8
Valéria Martinez, Michel Carles, Emmanuel Marret, Hélène Beloeil
BACKGROUND: Gabapentinoids have governmental health agency approval for "chronic neuropathic pain." Over the last decade, however, the perioperative prescription of gabapentinoids has become more popular among anaesthesiologists due to their anxiolytic and antihyperalgesic proprieties, despite weak scientific evidence supporting the risk/benefit ratio for this indication. METHODS: Our aim was to extensively describe the use of perioperative gabapentinoids by French anaesthesiologists...
March 28, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363327/prevalence-and-characterization-of-postoperative-pain-in-the-postanaesthesia-care-unit
#9
N Cabedo, R Valero, A Alcón, C Gomar
INTRODUCTION: Immediate postoperative pain occurs initially after surgery, while the patient is in the Post-Anaesthesia Recovery Unit. Very few studies assess this pain in this most immediate phase. OBJECTIVE: Cross-sectional study of the prevalence and characteristics of immediate postoperative pain in patients after surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between August 2014 and February 2015, a sample of 503 patients from the Post-Anaesthesia Recovery Unit was followed...
March 28, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327497/the-mapping-competences-of-the-nurse-case-care-manager-in-the-context-of-intensive-care
#10
Emanuela Alfieri, Anna Chiara Ferrini, Francesca Gianfrancesco, Gianluca Lise, Giovanni Messana, Lorenzo Tirelli, Ana Lorenzo, Leopoldo Sarli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Since the recent introduction of the Case/Care Manager's professional figure, it is quite difficult to identify properly his/her own particular features, which could be mainly be found revising mainly in American studies. Therefore, the present study intended to identify the Case/Care Manager's skills and professional profile in an Intensive Care Unit experience, taking into consideration the staff's activities, perception and expectations towards the Case/Care Manager...
March 15, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274022/use-of-dexmedetomidine-in-patients-undergoing-craniotomies
#11
Nalini Jadhav, Nilesh Wasekar, Vinayak Wagaskar, Bharati Kondwilkar, Rajesh Patil
INTRODUCTION: The neuroanaesthesia ensures stable perioperative cerebral haemodynamics, avoids sudden rise in intracranial pressure and prevents acute brain swelling. The clinical characteristics of dexmeditomidine make this intravenous agent a potentially attractive adjunct for neuroanaesthesia and in the neurological intensive care unit. AIM: This study aimed to assess the effect of dexmedetomidine on intraoperative haemodynamic stability and to assess the intraoperative requirements of analgesic and other anaesthetic agents, and also to assess postoperative sedation, respiratory depression and any other side effects of dexmedetomidine as compared to placebo...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259141/comparison-of-the-myocardial-protective-effect-of-sevoflurane-versus-propofol-in-patients-undergoing-heart-valve-replacement-surgery-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#12
Xiao-Lin Yang, Dan Wang, Guo-Yuan Zhang, Xiao-Lan Guo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare myocardial protective effects of anaesthesia with intravenous infusion of propofol versus inhalation of sevoflurane in patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Seventy-six patients undergoing valve replacement with cardiopulmonary bypass were randomly assigned to propofol or sevoflurane anesthesia during the surgery, respectively. For assessing myocardial injury, cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and creatine kinase isozyme (CK-MB) were determined before induction (T0), 0...
March 4, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258746/intensive-care-of-anaesthesia-recommendations-of-the-intensive-care-section-of-the-spanish-society-of-anaesthesiology
#13
P Monedero, D Paz-Martín, J Cardona-Pereto, F Barturen, L Fernández-Quero, L Aguilera-Celorrio, J Canet, J I Gómez-Herreras, R Peyró, C Sánchez, J C Valía
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248705/antibiotic-therapy-in-the-critically-ill-expert-opinion-of-the-intensive-care-medicine-scientific-subcommittee-of-the-european-society-of-anaesthesiology
#14
Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Marc Leone, Krisztina Madách, Claude Martin, Sharon Einav
Antimicrobial treatment is the cornerstone of infection treatment, and the selection of appropriate antibiotic treatment for critically ill patients is challenging. Clinicians working with critically ill patients usually feel a greater obligation towards their patient than towards maintenance of the delicate ecological balance of prevalent microbiological threats and their resistance patterns. Although antibiotic overtreatment is a frequent phenomenon, patient outcomes need not be compromised when antibiotic treatment is driven by informed decision-making...
April 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231607/position-in-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-women-with-epidural-anaesthesia
#15
REVIEW
Marion Kibuka, Jim G Thornton
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia for pain relief in labour prolongs the second stage of labour and results in more instrumental deliveries. It has been suggested that a more upright position of the mother during all or part of the second stage may counteract these adverse effects. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different birthing positions (upright and recumbent) during the second stage of labour, on important maternal and fetal outcomes for women with epidural analgesia...
February 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203753/drugs-in-anaesthesia-and-intensive-care-e-scarth-and-s-smith-editors-5th-edn
#16
Deepak K Tempe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203439/evolutional-trends-in-the-management-of-tracheal-and-bronchial-injuries
#17
REVIEW
Brendan Patrick Madden
Tracheal and Bronchial injuries are potentially life threatening complications which require urgent diagnosis and therapeutic intervention. They typically occur in association with blunt and penetrating chest trauma although they are increasingly being encountered in patients following endobronchial intervention and percutaneous tracheostomy insertion. Their precise incidence is unknown. Presenting features include dyspnoea, stridor, respiratory and haemodynamic compromise, haemoptysis, surgical emphysema, pneumothorax and persistent significant airleak...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146458/moderate-hyperoxia-induces-inflammation-apoptosis-and-necrosis-in-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells-an-in-vitro-study
#18
Christina Hafner, Jing Wu, Lourdes Soto-Gonzalez, Christoph Kaun, Stefan Stojkovic, Johann Wojta, Verena Tretter, Klaus Markstaller, Klaus U Klein
BACKGROUND: Perioperative oxygen (O2) therapy can cause hyperoxia. Extreme hyperoxia can injure the cardiovascular system and remote organs. OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective was to test the hypothesis that exposure to moderate hyperoxia will induce injury to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), a model for studying the vascular endothelium under controlled conditions. DESIGN: In-vitro cell culture study. SETTING: Department of Anaesthesia, General Intensive Care and Pain Management, Medical University of Vienna, Austria...
March 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144686/-new-technical-developments-for-inhaled-sedation
#19
A Meiser, H Bomberg, T Volk, H V Groesdonk
The circle system has been in use for more than 100 years, whereas the first clinical application of an anaesthetic reflector was reported just 15 years ago. In the circle system, all breathing gas is rebreathed after carbon dioxide absorption. A reflector, on the other hand, with the breathing gas flowing to and fro, specifically retains the anaesthetic during expiration and resupplies it during the next inspiration. A high reflection efficiency (number of molecules resupplied/number of molecules exhaled, RE 80-90%) decreases consumption...
January 31, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141702/antibiotic-therapy-in-critically-ill-patients-expert-opinion-of-the-european-society-of-anaesthesia-intensive-care-scientific-subcommittee-a-narrative-review
#20
Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Marc Leone, Krisztina Madách, Claude Martin, Sharon Einav
Antimicrobial treatment is the cornerstone of infection treatment, and the selection of appropriate antibiotic treatment for critically ill patients is challenging. Clinicians working with critically ill patients usually feel a greater obligation towards their patient than towards maintenance of the delicate ecological balance of prevalent microbiological threats and their resistance patterns. Although antibiotic overtreatment is a frequent phenomenon, patient outcomes need not be compromised when antibiotic treatment is driven by informed decision-making...
January 30, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
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