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Anaesthesia and intensive care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327497/the-mapping-competences-of-the-nurse-case-care-manager-in-the-context-of-intensive-care
#1
Emanuela Alfieri, Anna Chiara Ferrini, Francesca Gianfrancesco, Gianluca Lise, Giovanni Messana, Lorenzo Tirelli, Ana Lorenzo, Leopoldo Sarli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Since the recent introduction of the Case/Care Manager's professional figure, it is quite difficult to identify properly his/her own particular features, which could be mainly be found revising mainly in American studies. Therefore, the present study intended to identify the Case/Care Manager's skills and professional profile in an Intensive Care Unit experience, taking into consideration the staff's activities, perception and expectations towards the Case/Care Manager...
March 15, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274022/use-of-dexmedetomidine-in-patients-undergoing-craniotomies
#2
Nalini Jadhav, Nilesh Wasekar, Vinayak Wagaskar, Bharati Kondwilkar, Rajesh Patil
INTRODUCTION: The neuroanaesthesia ensures stable perioperative cerebral haemodynamics, avoids sudden rise in intracranial pressure and prevents acute brain swelling. The clinical characteristics of dexmeditomidine make this intravenous agent a potentially attractive adjunct for neuroanaesthesia and in the neurological intensive care unit. AIM: This study aimed to assess the effect of dexmedetomidine on intraoperative haemodynamic stability and to assess the intraoperative requirements of analgesic and other anaesthetic agents, and also to assess postoperative sedation, respiratory depression and any other side effects of dexmedetomidine as compared to placebo...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259141/comparison-of-the-myocardial-protective-effect-of-sevoflurane-versus-propofol-in-patients-undergoing-heart-valve-replacement-surgery-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#3
Xiao-Lin Yang, Dan Wang, Guo-Yuan Zhang, Xiao-Lan Guo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare myocardial protective effects of anaesthesia with intravenous infusion of propofol versus inhalation of sevoflurane in patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Seventy-six patients undergoing valve replacement with cardiopulmonary bypass were randomly assigned to propofol or sevoflurane anesthesia during the surgery, respectively. For assessing myocardial injury, cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and creatine kinase isozyme (CK-MB) were determined before induction (T0), 0...
March 4, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258746/intensive-anaesthesia-care-recommendations-of-the-intensive-care-section-of-the-spanish-society-of-anaesthesiology
#4
P Monedero, D Paz-Martín, J Cardona-Pereto, F Barturen, L Fernández-Quero, L Aguilera-Celorrio, J Canet, J I Gómez-Herreras, R Peyró, C Sánchez, J C Valía
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248705/antibiotic-therapy-in-the-critically-ill-expert-opinion-of-the-intensive-care-medicine-scientific-subcommittee-of-the-european-society-of-anaesthesiology
#5
Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Marc Leone, Krisztina Madách, Claude Martin, Sharon Einav
Antimicrobial treatment is the cornerstone of infection treatment, and the selection of appropriate antibiotic treatment for critically ill patients is challenging. Clinicians working with critically ill patients usually feel a greater obligation towards their patient than towards maintenance of the delicate ecological balance of prevalent microbiological threats and their resistance patterns. Although antibiotic overtreatment is a frequent phenomenon, patient outcomes need not be compromised when antibiotic treatment is driven by informed decision-making...
April 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231607/position-in-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-women-with-epidural-anaesthesia
#6
REVIEW
Marion Kibuka, Jim G Thornton
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia for pain relief in labour prolongs the second stage of labour and results in more instrumental deliveries. It has been suggested that a more upright position of the mother during all or part of the second stage may counteract these adverse effects. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different birthing positions (upright and recumbent) during the second stage of labour, on important maternal and fetal outcomes for women with epidural analgesia...
February 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203753/drugs-in-anaesthesia-and-intensive-care-e-scarth-and-s-smith-editors-5th-edn
#7
Deepak K Tempe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203439/evolutional-trends-in-the-management-of-tracheal-and-bronchial-injuries
#8
REVIEW
Brendan Patrick Madden
Tracheal and Bronchial injuries are potentially life threatening complications which require urgent diagnosis and therapeutic intervention. They typically occur in association with blunt and penetrating chest trauma although they are increasingly being encountered in patients following endobronchial intervention and percutaneous tracheostomy insertion. Their precise incidence is unknown. Presenting features include dyspnoea, stridor, respiratory and haemodynamic compromise, haemoptysis, surgical emphysema, pneumothorax and persistent significant airleak...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146458/moderate-hyperoxia-induces-inflammation-apoptosis-and-necrosis-in-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells-an-in-vitro-study
#9
Christina Hafner, Jing Wu, Lourdes Soto-Gonzalez, Christoph Kaun, Stefan Stojkovic, Johann Wojta, Verena Tretter, Klaus Markstaller, Klaus U Klein
BACKGROUND: Perioperative oxygen (O2) therapy can cause hyperoxia. Extreme hyperoxia can injure the cardiovascular system and remote organs. OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective was to test the hypothesis that exposure to moderate hyperoxia will induce injury to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), a model for studying the vascular endothelium under controlled conditions. DESIGN: In-vitro cell culture study. SETTING: Department of Anaesthesia, General Intensive Care and Pain Management, Medical University of Vienna, Austria...
March 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144686/-new-technical-developments-for-inhaled-sedation
#10
A Meiser, H Bomberg, T Volk, H V Groesdonk
The circle system has been in use for more than 100 years, whereas the first clinical application of an anaesthetic reflector was reported just 15 years ago. In the circle system, all breathing gas is rebreathed after carbon dioxide absorption. A reflector, on the other hand, with the breathing gas flowing to and fro, specifically retains the anaesthetic during expiration and resupplies it during the next inspiration. A high reflection efficiency (number of molecules resupplied/number of molecules exhaled, RE 80-90%) decreases consumption...
January 31, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141702/antibiotic-therapy-in-critically-ill-patients-expert-opinion-of-the-european-society-of-anaesthesia-intensive-care-scientific-subcommittee-a-narrative-review
#11
Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Marc Leone, Krisztina Madách, Claude Martin, Sharon Einav
Antimicrobial treatment is the cornerstone of infection treatment, and the selection of appropriate antibiotic treatment for critically ill patients is challenging. Clinicians working with critically ill patients usually feel a greater obligation towards their patient than towards maintenance of the delicate ecological balance of prevalent microbiological threats and their resistance patterns. Although antibiotic overtreatment is a frequent phenomenon, patient outcomes need not be compromised when antibiotic treatment is driven by informed decision-making...
January 30, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094484/a-simplified-screening-tool-to-identify-seriously-ill-patients-in-the-emergency-department-for-referral-to-a-palliative-care-team
#12
Paolo Cotogni, Anna DE Luca, Andrea Evangelista, Claudia Filippini, Renata Gili, Antonio Scarmozzino, Giovannino Ciccone, Luca Brazzi
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the feasibility of an Emergency Department (ED)-initiated screening to identify seriously ill patients in need of palliative care (PC) and to develop a simplified screening tool (SST). METHODS: Eligible patients with known diagnosis of chronic heart, lung, liver, and kidney failures, progressive neurological diseases or advanced cancer, awaiting to be hospitalized after an ED-visit, were assessed with the screening tool from the Italian Society Anaesthesia Analgesia Resuscitation Intensive Care (SIAARTI)...
January 17, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091756/-recommendation-on-temperature-management-after-cardiopulmonary-arrest-and-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-in-childhood-beyond-the-neonatal-period-statement-of-the-german-society-for-neonatology-and-pediatric-intensive-care-medicine%C3%A2-gnpi-and-the-scientific-working
#13
S Brenner, C Eich, G Rellensmann, M U Schuhmann, T Nicolai, F Hoffmann
The available data on the effectiveness of therapeutic hypothermia in different patient groups are heterogeneous. Although the benefits have been proven for some collectives, recommendations for the use of hypothermia treatment in other groups are based on less robust data and conclusions by analogy. This article gives a review of the current evidence of temperature management in all age groups and based on this state of knowledge, recommends active temperature management with the primary aim of strict normothermia (36-36...
February 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078374/-anaesthesia-procedures-and-invasive-vascular-access-in-severely-injured-patients-at-trauma-room-admission-in-germany-an-online-survey
#14
M F Struck, P Hilbert-Carius, B Hossfeld, J Hinkelbein, M Bernhard, T Wurmb
BACKGROUND: The continuous monitoring of vital parameters and subsequent therapy belong to the core duties of anaesthetists during acute trauma resuscitation in the trauma room. Important procedures may include placement of arterial lines and central venous catheters (CVCs). Knowledge of indication, performance and localization of invasive catheterisation of trauma care in Germany is scarce. METHODS: After approval of the German Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine we conducted an online survey about arterial and central venous catheterisation of severely injured patients with consideration of common practice used by anaesthetists in German trauma rooms...
February 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074295/-neuraxial-anaesthesia-and-noacs
#15
T Standl
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular comorbidities in surgical patients are frequent and have a substantial impact on the postoperative outcome. Neuraxial blockades are able to reduce perioperative morbidity and mortality. The increasing use of new oral anticoagulants (NOAC) requires a high level of attention, especially in patients undergoing neuraxial blockades or requiring postoperative analgesia. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this article is to present the benefit of neuraxial anaesthesia and analgesia in patients with cardiovascular risks and perioperative management of NOAC in this setting...
January 10, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067699/drugs-in-anaesthesia-and-intensive-care-5th-ed
#16
Carolyn F Weiniger, Shimon Firman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051046/typhoid-perforation-post-operative-intensive-care-unit-care-and-outcome
#17
Mukaila Oyegbade Akinwale, Arinola A Sanusi, Oluwaseun K Adebayo
BACKGROUND: Typhoid perforation ileitis is a serious complication of typhoid fever, a common and unfortunate health problem in a resource-poor country like Nigeria. Following bowel perforation, treatment is usually by simple closure or bowel resection and anastomosis after adequate aggressive fluid resuscitation and electrolyte correction. Postoperatively, some of these patients do require management in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) on account of sepsis or septic shock and to improve survival...
October 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044337/the-role-and-limitations-of-eeg-based-depth-of-anaesthesia-monitoring-in-theatres-and-intensive-care
#18
REVIEW
Z Hajat, N Ahmad, J Andrzejowski
In this article we will look at some of the principles in processed EEG monitoring as applied to bispectral index (BIS). We outline why BIS should be regarded as a 'memory' monitor which in most circumstances reflects the depth of sedation or anaesthesia in particular patients. Its limitation in paralysed and non-paralysed patients must be understood in order for this monitor to be used safely. Finally, its emerging use in critical care will be explored.
January 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999663/implementation-of-goal-directed-fluid-therapy-during-hip-revision-arthroplasty-a-matched-cohort-study
#19
Marit Habicher, Felix Balzer, Viktor Mezger, Jennifer Niclas, Michael Müller, Carsten Perka, Michael Krämer, Michael Sander
BACKGROUND: Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have demonstrated that intraoperative goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) can decrease postsurgical complications in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. However, very few studies have demonstrated the value of goal-directed therapy (GDT) in patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery and confirmed it is as useful in real-life conditions. Therefore, we initiated a GDFT implementation programme in patients undergoing hip revision arthroplasty in order to assess its effects on postoperative complications (e...
2016: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917219/experience-of-collaboration-between-a-dutch-surgical-team-in-a-ghanaian-orthopaedic-teaching-hospital
#20
T K Timmers, E Kortekaas, Bpc Beyer, E Huizinga, S M V Hezik van, E Twagirayezu, M Bemelman
BACKGROUND: Surgery is an indivisible, indispensable part of healthcare. In Africa, surgery may be thought of as the neglected stepchild of global public health. We describe our experience over a 3-year period of intensive collaboration between specialized teams from a Dutch hospital and local teams of an orthopaedic hospital in Effiduase-Koforidua, Ghana. INTERVENTION: During 2010-2012, medical teams from our hospital were deployed to St. Joseph's Hospital. These teams were completely self-supporting...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
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