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Lab quality

Jana G Hashash, Claudia Ramos-Rivers, Ada Youk, Wai Kan Chiu, Kyle Duff, Miguel Regueiro, David G Binion, Ioannis Koutroubakis, Ashley Vachon, David Benhayon, Michael A Dunn, Eva M Szigethy
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is common in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients and is associated with factors such as psychopathology, sleep quality, and disease activity. GOAL: To investigate the combined role of all the above factors in the burden of fatigue among IBD patients. STUDY: We conducted an observational study of adult patients enrolled in an IBD clinical research registry at a tertiary care clinic. Fatigue burden was defined by Item 1 of the Short-form IBD Questionnaire (SIBDQ), which is scored on a 7-point Likert scale...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Siran Wang, Xianjun Yuan, Zhihao Dong, Junfeng Li, Gang Guo, Yunfeng Bai, Junyu Zhang, Tao Shao
Objective: Four lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains isolated from common vetch, tall fescue and perennial ryegrass on the Tibetan Plateau were characterized, and their effects on the fermentation quality of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) silage were studied. Methods: The four isolated strains and one commercial inoculant (G, Lactobacillus plantarum MTD-1) were evaluated using the acid production ability test, morphological observation, Gram staining, physiological, biochemical and acid tolerance tests...
October 19, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Ingo Fietze, Charlotte Barthe, Matthias Hölzl, Martin Glos, Sandra Zimmermann, Ralf Bauer-Diefenbach, Thomas Penzel
INTRODUCTION: Noise is one of the factors that can seriously disturb sleep, and sound volume is an important factor in this context. One strategy involves avoiding exposure to sounds in the night, while entail the minimization of background noise in a bedroom. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of systematic sound attenuation on nocturnal sleep by influencing sound volume and reverberation within the context of room acoustics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: On this basis, we designed a randomized, controlled crossover trial investigating 24 healthy sleepers (15 men and 9 women, aged 24...
September 2016: Noise & Health
Taous Saraoui, Josiane Cornet, Emilie Guillouet, Marie France Pilet, Frédérique Chevalier, Jean-Jacques Joffraud, Françoise Leroi
Tropical shrimp is of considerable economic importance in the world but is highly perishable due to microbial and chemical degradation. Biopreservation is a food preservation technology based on the addition of "positive" bacteria able to kill or prevent the growth of undesirable microorganisms. Two strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have previously been selected for a biopreservation strategy: Lactococcus piscium CNCM I-4031, for its ability to prevent the sensory deterioration of seafood and Carnobacterium divergens V41, which inhibits growth of Listeria monocytogenes...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Chu-Shiu Li, June Han Lee, Chwen-Chi Liu, Yan-Lan Chan, Christopher Wen, Mu-Lin Chiu, Min Kuang Tsai, Shan Pou Tsai, Jackson Pui Man Wai, Chwen Keng Tsao, Xifeng Wu, Chi Pang Wen
Widowhood has been increasingly encountered because of increasing longevity of women, often characterized by social stigmatization and poor physical and mental health. However, applied research to overcome its adversity has been quite limited. The goal of this study is to explore the role of physical activity in improving the health of widows.A cohort of 446,582 adults in Taiwan who successively participated in a comprehensive medical screening program starting in 1994, including 232,788 women, was followed up for mortality until 2008...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yonglei Li, Yangfu Fang, Jiao Wang, Lu Wang, Shiwei Tang, Chunping Jiang, Lirong Zheng, Yongfeng Mei
Miniaturization of functional devices and systems demands new design and fabrication approaches for lab-on-a-chip application and optical integrative systems. By using a direct laser writing (DLW) technique based on two-photon polymerization (TPP), a highly integrative optofluidic refractometer is fabricated and demonstrated based on tubular optical microcavities coupled with waveguides. Such tubular devices can support high quality factor (Q-factor) up to 3600 via fiber taper coupling. Microtubes with various diameters and wall thicknesses are constructed with optimized writing direction and conditions...
October 18, 2016: Lab on a Chip
Yoshiyuki Hagiwara, Tatsuya Narita, Yohei Shioda, Keisuke Iwasaki, Takayuki Ikeda, Shunsuke Namaki, Thomas J Salinas
BACKGROUND: There are many implant cases in which dental technicians take initiative with regard to the design of implant prostheses, and to a certain extent, this area of care is one in which dentists do not necessarily play the leading role. Moreover, inadequate communication between dental technicians and dentists and insufficient instructions for technicians has been highlighted as issues in the past. The purpose of this questionnaire is to improve the quality of implant prostheses and thereby contribute to patient service by clarifying, among other aspects of treatment, problem areas and considerations in the fabrication of implant prostheses, conceptual-level knowledge, and awareness of prosthodontics on the part of the dentists in charge of treatment and methods for preventing prosthetic complications...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
Waroon Khota, Suradej Pholsen, David Higgs, Yimin Cai
Natural lactic acid bacteria (LAB) populations in tropical grasses and their fermentation characteristics on silage prepared with cellulase enzyme and LAB inoculants were studied. A commercial inoculant Lactobacillus plantarum Chikuso 1 (CH), a local selected strain Lactobacillus casei TH14 (TH14), and 2 cellulases, Acremonium cellulase (AC) and Maicelase (MC; Meiji Seika Pharma Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan), were used as additives to silage preparation with fresh and wilted (6 h) Guinea grass and Napier grass. Silage was prepared using a laboratory-scale fermentation system...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Qi Zheng, Elizabeth A Grice
Accurate mapping of next-generation sequencing (NGS) reads to reference genomes is crucial for almost all NGS applications and downstream analyses. Various repetitive elements in human and other higher eukaryotic genomes contribute in large part to ambiguously (non-uniquely) mapped reads. Most available NGS aligners attempt to address this by either removing all non-uniquely mapping reads, or reporting one random or "best" hit based on simple heuristics. Accurate estimation of the mapping quality of NGS reads is therefore critical albeit completely lacking at present...
October 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
Jing Zhang, Kenneth B Storey
BACKGROUND: Statistical analysis and data visualization are two crucial aspects in molecular biology and biology. For analyses that compare one dependent variable between standard (e.g., control) and one or multiple independent variables, a comprehensive yet highly streamlined solution is valuable. The computer programming language R is a popular platform for researchers to develop tools that are tailored specifically for their research needs. Here we present an R package RBioplot that takes raw input data for automated statistical analysis and plotting, highly compatible with various molecular biology and biochemistry lab techniques, such as, but not limited to, western blotting, PCR, and enzyme activity assays...
2016: PeerJ
Paul E Smaldino, Richard McElreath
Poor research design and data analysis encourage false-positive findings. Such poor methods persist despite perennial calls for improvement, suggesting that they result from something more than just misunderstanding. The persistence of poor methods results partly from incentives that favour them, leading to the natural selection of bad science. This dynamic requires no conscious strategizing-no deliberate cheating nor loafing-by scientists, only that publication is a principal factor for career advancement...
September 2016: Royal Society Open Science
Meiling Hou, Gentu Ge, Tingyu Liu, Yushan Jia, Yimin Cai
Silage preparation and fermentation quality of natural grasses in meadow steppe (MS) and typical steppe (TS) were studied. MS and TS contained thirty-three and nine species of natural grasses, respectively. Stipa Baicalensis in MS and Stipa grandi in TS were the dominant grasses with the highest dry matter (DM) yield. The crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and water-soluble carbohydrate (WSC) of the mixed natural grasses in both steppes were 8.02 to 9.03, 66.75 to 69.47 and 2.02 to 2.20% on a DM basis, respectively...
September 27, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Katja Schwartz, Gavin Sherlock
The original yeast genome sequencing project was a monumental task, spanning several years, which resulted in the first sequenced eukaryotic genome. The 12 Mbp reference sequence was generated from yeast strain S288c and was of extremely high quality. In the years since it was published, sequencing technology has advanced apace, such that it is within the reach of most labs to sequence yeast strains of interest almost as a matter of standard practice, either via core facilities at their institution or through commercial sequencing services...
October 3, 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
Alessandra Martorana, Antonio Alfonzo, Raimondo Gaglio, Luca Settanni, Onofrio Corona, Francesco La Croce, Paola Vagnoli, Tiziano Caruso, Giancarlo Moschetti, Nicola Francesca
The main objective was to set up a methodology to improve the high volume production of green table olives, cv. Nocellara del Belice. Lactobacillus pentosus OM13 was applied during three different industrial processes of table olives as follows: trial one (IOP1) was subjected to an addition of lactic acid until a brine level of pH 7.0 was reached; trial two (IOP2) subjected to same addition of lactic acid as in trial one plus nutrient adjuvant and trial three (IOP3) subjected to same addition as trial two, but with the strain L...
February 2017: Food Microbiology
Patricia Solis-Rouzant
The present article summarizes the authors' experience with the implementation of a quality management system based on ISO 17025 and ISO 15189 standards at university laboratories. The accreditation of the analytical procedures at the Universidad Mariano Gálvez represented a challenge due to the unique nature of an educational institution and the difference in nature to the standards implemented. Sample handling and care of the patient were combined to achieve an integrated management system. We explain the development of the management system, the obstacles and benefits of the system and concluding that it is possible to design a management system based on ISO 15189 for the university lab that allowed delivering results assuring technical competence to patient care and welfare...
November 2015: EJIFCC
Yali Kuang, Bosai He, Yiyang DU, Jiahui Li, Di Wang, Kaishun Bi, Qing Li
A simple and reliable method using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a photodiode array detector (HPLC-PDA) was firstly established for the determinations of eleven bioactive compounds (neomangiferin, mangiferin, spinosin, liquiritin apioside, liquiritin, fumalic acid, 6'''-feruloylspinosin, senkyunolide I, isoliquiritin, glycyrrhizic acid and senkyunolide A) in Suanzaoren decoction (SZRD) extract and its granules. The chromatographic analysis was performed on a C18 column at 30°C. Excellent linear behaviors over the investigated concentration ranges were observed with the values of R(2) being higher than 0...
2016: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Tony Gutierrez, David Berry, Andreas Teske, Michael D Aitken
The Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill led to rapid microbial community shifts in the Gulf of Mexico, including the formation of unprecedented quantities of marine oil snow (MOS) and of a massive subsurface oil plume. The major taxa that bloomed in sea surface oil slicks during the spill included Cycloclasticus, and to a lesser extent Halomonas, Alteromonas, and Pseudoalteromonas-organisms that grow and degrade oil hydrocarbons aerobically. Here, we show that sea surface oil slicks at DWH contained obligate and facultative anaerobic taxa, including members of the obligate anaerobic phylum Fusobacteria that are commonly found in marine sediment environments...
July 27, 2016: Microorganisms
Weizhong Li, R Alexander Richter, Yunsup Jung, Qiyun Zhu, Robert W Li
BACKGROUND: Remarkable advances in Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies, bioinformatics algorithms and computational technologies have significantly accelerated genomic research. However, complicated NGS data analysis still remains as a major bottleneck. RNA-seq, as one of the major area in the NGS field, also confronts great challenges in data analysis. RESULTS: To address the challenges in RNA-seq data analysis, we developed a web portal that offers three integrated workflows that can perform end-to-end compute and analysis, including sequence quality control, read-mapping, transcriptome assembly, reconstruction and quantification, and differential analysis...
September 27, 2016: BMC Genomics
Luna Gargani, Rosa Sicari, Mauro Raciti, Luca Serasini, Mirko Passera, Claudia Torino, Krzysztof Letachowicz, Robert Ekart, Danilo Fliser, Adrian Covic, Olga Balafa, Aristeidis Stavroulopoulos, Ziad A Massy, Enrico Fiaccadori, Alberto Caiazza, Thomas Bachelet, Itzchak Slotki, Linda Shavit, Alberto Martinez-Castelao, Marie-Jeanne Coudert-Krier, Patrick Rossignol, Thomas Daniel Kraemer, Thierry Hannedouche, Vincenzo Panichi, Andrzej Wiecek, Giuseppe Pontoriero, Pantelis Sarafidis, Marian Klinger, Radovan Hojs, Sarah Seiler-Mußler, Fabio Lizzi, Mihai Onofriescu, Fotis Zarzoulas, Rocco Tripepi, Francesca Mallamaci, Giovanni Tripepi, Eugenio Picano, Gérard Michel London, Carmine Zoccali
Within the framework of the LUST trial (LUng water by Ultra-Sound guided Treatment to prevent death and cardiovascular events in high-risk end-stage renal disease patients), the European Renal and Cardiovascular Medicine (EURECA-m) working group of the European Renal Association-European Dialysis Transplant Association established a central core lab aimed at training and certifying nephrologists and cardiologists participating in this trial. All participants were trained by an expert trainer with an entirely web-based programme...
September 26, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Nicola Bizzaro, Xavier Bossuyt, Anna-Maija Haapala, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Ulrich Sack
Reliable autoantibody detection is important for early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of autoimmune disorders. However, in contrast to testing for classical clinical chemistry analytes, autoantibody testing is complex and evolving. Moreover, there is a lack of standardization. Nevertheless, it is important that laboratories that provide autoimmune tests comply with the requirements set forward by general international accreditation bodies. In the present manuscript, an ad hoc committee of the European Autoimmunity Standardisation Initiative (EASI) group provides background information on accreditation and identifies the minimum requirements needed to set up an accredited autoimmunity lab and to ensure that high-quality results are provided (in terms of personnel, procedures, validation, quality control, and reporting)...
September 22, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
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