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Medication reconciliation medication adherance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674327/incorporating-medication-indications-into-the-prescribing-process
#1
Kevin Kron, Sara Myers, Lynn Volk, Aaron Nathan, Pamela Neri, Alejandra Salazar, Mary G Amato, Adam Wright, Sam Karmiy, Sarah McCord, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Tewodros Eguale, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, David W Bates, Gordon Schiff
PURPOSE: The incorporation of medication indications into the prescribing process to improve patient safety is discussed. SUMMARY: Currently, most prescriptions lack a key piece of information needed for safe medication use: the patient-specific drug indication. Integrating indications could pave the way for safer prescribing in multiple ways, including avoiding look-alike/sound-alike errors, facilitating selection of drugs of choice, aiding in communication among the healthcare team, bolstering patient understanding and adherence, and organizing medication lists to facilitate medication reconciliation...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666309/hospital-admissions-associated-with-medication-non-adherence-a-systematic-review-of-prospective-observational-studies
#2
Pajaree Mongkhon, Darren M Ashcroft, C Norman Scholfield, Chuenjid Kongkaew
BACKGROUND: Medication non-adherence in ambulatory care has received substantial attention in the literature, but less so as it affects acute care. Accordingly, we aimed to estimate the frequency with which non-adherence to medication contributes to hospital admissions. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts and PubMed (until December 2017) to identify prospective observational studies that examined prevalence rates of hospital admissions associated with medication non-adherence...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627108/effect-of-grand-aides-nurse-extenders-on-readmissions-and-emergency-department-visits-in-medicare-patients-with-heart-failure
#3
S Craig Thomas, Robert A Greevy, Arthur Garson
Numerous procedures have been tested to reduce hospital readmissions with varying success. The objective of this study was to evaluate all-cause readmissions and emergency department (ED) visits 30 days and 6 months after discharge with Grand-Aides (GAs): nurse extenders making frequent home visits under video direction by a nurse supervisor. Medicare patients with primary diagnosis of heart failure at the University of Virginia discharged January 1, 2013 to January 1, 2015 were included. A GA visited the patient's home within 24 to 48 hours with supervisor on video for medication reconciliation...
March 2, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618941/implementing-a-social-knowledge-networking-skn-system-to-enable-meaningful-use-of-an-ehr-medication-reconciliation-system
#4
Pavani Rangachari
Background: Despite the regulatory impetus toward meaningful use of electronic health record (EHR) Medication Reconciliation (MedRec) to prevent medication errors during care transitions, hospital adherence has lagged for one chief reason: low physician engagement, stemming from lack of consensus about which physician is responsible for managing a patient's medication list. In October 2016, Augusta University received a 2-year grant from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to implement a Social Knowledge Networking (SKN) system for enabling its health system (AU Health) to progress from "limited use" of EHR MedRec technology to "meaningful use...
2018: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488151/a-review-of-the-role-of-the-pharmacist-in-heart-failure-transition-of-care
#5
REVIEW
Sarah L Anderson, Joel C Marrs
This article reviews current literature on the role of pharmacists in the transition of care (TOC) for patients with heart failure (HF) and the impact of their contributions on therapeutic and economic outcomes. Optimizing the TOC for patients with HF from the hospital to the community/home is crucial for improving outcomes and decreasing high rates of hospital readmissions, which are associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and costs. A multidisciplinary team approach to the management of patients with HF facilitates the transition from the hospital to the ambulatory care setting, allowing for the consideration of medical, pharmacological, and lifestyle variables that impact the care of individual patients...
February 27, 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344376/effectiveness-of-pharmacist-s-intervention-in-the-management-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#6
REVIEW
Stefano Omboni, Marina Caserini
The pharmacist may play a relevant role in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases, mainly through patient education and counselling, drug safety management, medication review, monitoring and reconciliation, detection and control of specific cardiovascular risk factors (eg, blood pressure, blood glucose, serum lipids) and clinical outcomes. Systematic reviews of randomised controlled and observational studies have documented an improved control of hypertension, dyslipidaemia or diabetes, smoking cessation and reduced hospitalisation in patients with heart failure, following a pharmacist's intervention...
2018: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302017/outcomes-of-a-pharmacist-led-medication-review-programme-for-hospitalised-elderly-patients
#7
P Kc Chiu, A Wk Lee, T Yw See, F Hw Chan
INTRODUCTION: Elderly patients are at risk of drug-related problems. This study aimed to determine whether a pharmacist-led medication review programme could reduce inappropriate medications and hospital readmissions among geriatric in-patients in Hong Kong. METHODS: This prospective controlled study was conducted in a geriatric unit of a regional hospital in Hong Kong. The study period was from December 2013 to September 2014. Two hundred and twelve patients were allocated to receive either routine care (104) or pharmacist intervention (108) that included medication reconciliation, medication review, and medication counselling...
February 9, 2018: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276763/a-description-of-patient-and-provider-experience-and-clinical-outcomes-after-heart-failure-shared-medical-appointment
#8
Lisa B Cohen, Melanie Parent, Tracey H Taveira, Sandesh Dev, Wen-Chih Wu
Background: Shared medical appointments (SMAs) are clinical visits in which several patients meet with 1 or more providers at the same time. Objective: To describe the outcomes of an interdisciplinary SMA for veterans recently discharged for heart failure (HF). Methods: A retrospective chart review for patients' readmission rates, survival, medication adherence, and medication-related problems. For qualitative outcomes, we performed semistructured interviews on 12 patients who had undergone HF SMAs and their respective caregivers focusing on care satisfaction, HF knowledge, disease self-care, medication reconciliation, and peer support...
December 2017: Journal of Patient Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248079/preliminary-findings-from-a-student-pharmacist-operated-transitions-of-care-pilot-service
#9
Kari Vavra, Matthew Paluzzi, Margaret de Voest, Sarah Raguckas, Martha Slot
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Student pharmacists are well equipped to complete transitions of care (TOC) activities. This communication describes the implementation of a student-operated TOC pilot service at a community hospital and explores the clinical and educational findings of such a service. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Patients admitted to the hospital were included in the service if they had a primary care provider from an affiliated ambulatory care office...
January 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155555/medication-exposure-in-highly-adherent-psychiatry-patients
#10
Jeffrey J Sutherland, Thomas M Daly, Karen Jacobs, Elias A Khawam, Leo Pozuelo, Ryan D Morrison, Stephen B Milne, J Scott Daniels, Timothy P Ryan
Medication exposure is dependent upon many factors, the single most important being if the patient took the prescribed medication as indicated. To assess medication exposure for psychotropic and other medication classes, we enrolled 115 highly adherent psychiatry patients prescribed five or more medications. In these patients, we measured 21 psychotropic and 38 nonpsychotropic medications comprising a 59 medication multiplex assay panel. Strict enrollment criteria and reconciliation of the electronic health record medication list prior to study initiation produced a patient cohort that was adherent with 91% of their prescribed medications as determined by comparing medications detected empirically in blood to the electronic health record medication list...
December 1, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123600/activities-performed-by-pharmacists-integrated-in-family-health-teams-results-from-a-web-based-survey
#11
Ulrika Gillespie, Lisa Dolovich, Simone Dahrouge
Objectives: Family health teams (FHTs), an interprofessional primary care practice model, were established in Ontario in 2005. As of October 2014, 191 FHT organizations were in operation, and 111 (58%) included one or several pharmacists. The objective of this study was to document the focus of pharmacist activities in FHTs. Approach: We invited all 155 known FHT pharmacists to a web-based survey. The survey was constructed using information obtained from previously done semi-structured telephone interviews with pharmacists working in FHTs...
November 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040609/improving-patient-safety-and-efficiency-of-medication-reconciliation-through-the-development-and-adoption-of-a-computer-assisted-tool-with-automated-electronic-integration-of-population-based-community-drug-data-the-rightrx-project
#12
Robyn Tamblyn, Nancy Winslade, Todd C Lee, Aude Motulsky, Ari Meguerditchian, Melissa Bustillo, Sarah Elsayed, David L Buckeridge, Isabelle Couture, Christina J Qian, Teresa Moraga, Allen Huang
Background and Objective: Many countries require hospitals to implement medication reconciliation for accreditation, but the process is resource-intensive, thus adherence is poor. We report on the impact of prepopulating and aligning community and hospital drug lists with data from population-based and hospital-based drug information systems to reduce workload and enhance adoption and use of an e-medication reconciliation application, RightRx. Methods: The prototype e-medical reconciliation web-based software was developed for a cluster-randomized trial at the McGill University Health Centre...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945268/do-residents-need-all-their-medications-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-rns-views-on-deprescribing-and-the-role-of-clinical-pharmacists
#13
Nagham Ailabouni, June Tordoff, Dee Mangin, Prasad S Nishtala
A cross-sectional survey was mailed to 307 RNs of a nationally representative sample of residential aged care facilities to investigate their views and perceptions on medication use and deprescribing in older adults. Questions were grouped according to each stage of the medication use process, and a dedicated section to explore nurses' views on deprescribing was included. Ninety-one questionnaires were received, yielding a 29.6% response rate. Respondents highlighted several challenges including achieving medication reconciliation for new residents, access to physicians to admit patients in a timely fashion, and issues pertaining to lack of clear medical information transcribing when transferring patients between health care settings...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929979/pharmacists-as-care-providers-for-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review
#14
Jade E Basaraba, Michelle Picard, Kirsten George-Phillips, Tania Mysak
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists have become an integral member of the multidisciplinary team providing clinical patient care in various healthcare settings. Although evidence supporting their role in the care of patients with other disease states is well-established, minimal literature has been published evaluating pharmacist interventions in stroke patients. The purpose of this systematic review is to summarize the evidence evaluating the impact of pharmacist interventions on stroke patient outcomes...
January 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924623/the-effectiveness-of-pharmacist-provided-telephonic-medication-therapy-management-on-emergency-department-utilization-in-home-health-patients
#15
Stephanie A Gernant, Margie E Snyder, Heather Jaynes, Jason M Sutherland, Alan J Zillich
BACKGROUND: Preventable emergency department (ED) use may be targeted with interventions for improving the medication use process, as medication misadventures and non-adherence frequently cause preventable ED utilization. One intervention that could prevent ED visits is Medication Therapy Management (MTM). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a telephonic medication therapy management (MTM) service on reducing emergency department utilization within a Medicare insured home health population...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Technology: JPT: Official Publication of the Association of Pharmacy Technicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894314/home-care-pharmacy-practice-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-services-provided-remuneration-barriers-and-facilitators
#16
Sherilyn Houle, Linda MacKeigan
BACKGROUND: As the population ages, and individuals desire to remain in their homes as long as possible, the need for in-home care is expected to increase. However, pharmacists have rarely been included in studies of in-home care, and little is known about the prevalence or effectiveness of pharmacists' home-based services in Canada. OBJECTIVE: To identify pharmacy practices in Canada that regularly provide in-home patient care and to identify specific services provided, remuneration obtained, and barriers and facilitators influencing the provision of home-based care...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641999/effect-of-pharmacist-care-on-medication-adherence-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-among-patients-post-acute-coronary-syndrome-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Myriam Jihad Jaam, Ahmed Awaisu
BACKGROUND: The impact of collaborative and multidisciplinary health care on the outcomes of care in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is well-established in the literature. However, there is lack of high quality evidence on the role of pharmacist care in this setting. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the impact of pharmacist care on patient outcomes (readmission, mortality, emergency visits, and medication adherence) in patients with ACS at or post-discharge...
June 13, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506975/national-survey-of-comprehensive-pharmacy-services-provided-in-cancer-clinical-trials
#18
Anand Khandoobhai, Ming Poi, Katherine Kelley, Jay Mirtallo, Ben Lopez, Niesha Griffith
PURPOSE: Pharmacy services provided in clinical trials at National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated centers were assessed. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of 61 NCI-designated cancer centers. Directors of pharmacy were contacted and data were collected electronically via Qualtrics over 2 months. Trial participants were asked to estimate the frequency that their sites performed 26 services and the perceived importance of these services. Services were examined with respect to the difference between their reported performance and their reported importance...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377092/interdisciplinary-medication-decision-making-by-pharmacists-in-pediatric-hospital-settings-an-ethnographic-study
#19
Ellie Rosenfeld, Sharon Kinney, Carlye Weiner, Fiona Newall, Allison Williams, Noel Cranswick, Ian Wong, Narelle Borrott, Elizabeth Manias
OBJECTIVE: Children are particularly vulnerable to experiencing medication incidents in hospitals. Making sound medication decisions is therefore of paramount importance. Prior research has principally described pharmacists' role in reducing medication errors. There is a dearth of information about pharmacists' interactions with pediatric hospital staff across disciplines in resolving medication issues. The aim of this study was to examine interdisciplinary medication decision making by pharmacists in pediatric hospital settings...
March 22, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025921/improving-clinical-decision-support-in-pharmacy-toward-the-perfect-dur-alert
#20
Jenna L Reynolds, Michael T Rupp
The cornerstone of every health care profession is decision making. Historically, the decisions made by pharmacists have focused on ensuring the accuracy and physical integrity of the pharmaceutical product delivered to the patient in strict compliance with the prescriber's order. As the role of the pharmacist evolved over the past half century, the focus of decision making progressively shifted from a product-centric orientation to optimizing the interaction that occurs between the pharmaceutical product and the patient...
January 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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