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Medication reconciliation medication adherance

Anand Khandoobhai, Ming Poi, Katherine Kelley, Jay Mirtallo, Ben Lopez, Niesha Griffith
PURPOSE: Pharmacy services provided in clinical trials at National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated centers were assessed. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of 61 NCI-designated cancer centers. Directors of pharmacy were contacted and data were collected electronically via Qualtrics over 2 months. Trial participants were asked to estimate the frequency that their sites performed 26 services and the perceived importance of these services. Services were examined with respect to the difference between their reported performance and their reported importance...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Ellie Rosenfeld, Sharon Kinney, Carlye Weiner, Fiona Newall, Allison Williams, Noel Cranswick, Ian Wong, Narelle Borrott, Elizabeth Manias
OBJECTIVE: Children are particularly vulnerable to experiencing medication incidents in hospitals. Making sound medication decisions is therefore of paramount importance. Prior research has principally described pharmacists' role in reducing medication errors. There is a dearth of information about pharmacists' interactions with pediatric hospital staff across disciplines in resolving medication issues. The aim of this study was to examine interdisciplinary medication decision making by pharmacists in pediatric hospital settings...
March 22, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Jenna L Reynolds, Michael T Rupp
The cornerstone of every health care profession is decision making. Historically, the decisions made by pharmacists have focused on ensuring the accuracy and physical integrity of the pharmaceutical product delivered to the patient in strict compliance with the prescriber's order. As the role of the pharmacist evolved over the past half century, the focus of decision making progressively shifted from a product-centric orientation to optimizing the interaction that occurs between the pharmaceutical product and the patient...
January 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Faiza Rhalimi, Mounir Rhalimi, Alain Rauss
BACKGROUND: The role of the clinical pharmacist within the healthcare system remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe a pharmacist's comprehensive geriatric assessment (pCGA) at admission of elderly patients and to assess its relevance in terms of medication compliance and pharmacist interventions (PIs). METHODS: We conducted a prospective interventional study over 29 months in a 34-bed medical/rehabilitation geriatric ward in a French geriatric hospital...
March 2017: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
Mark A Strand, Kirstin Gramith, Macy Royston, Xiaoxi Wang, Judith Perry, Curt Elliott
OBJECTIVES: To determine medication use patterns and associated health outcomes in Chinese individuals with diabetes, hypertension or hyperlipidaemia. METHODS: This community-based cross-sectional study was done in a north China city of 300 000 people. Participants were recruited by poster and phone call through Community Health Centres. Data were collected on 638 Chinese individuals. Interviews were done to screen for disease and health behaviours. Fasting blood was collected and analyzed...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Nicole P Albanese, Alyssa M Pignato, Scott V Monte
BACKGROUND: Despite the positive data on clinical outcomes, cost savings, and provider experience, no study has surveyed providers to evaluate what pharmacy services they find to be worthwhile. OBJECTIVE: To determine what clinical, cost/access, and educational pharmacy services providers in a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) consider worthwhile and the perceived barriers to successful pharmacist incorporation. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was distributed to primary care physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants in a PCMH physician group...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Satya Surbhi, Kiraat D Munshi, Paula C Bell, James E Bailey
OBJECTIVES: First, to investigate the prevalence and types of drug therapy problems and medication discrepancies among super-utilizers, and associated patient characteristics. Second, to examine the outcomes of pharmacist recommendations and estimated cost avoidance through care transitions support focused on medication management. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of the pharmacist-led interventions as part of the SafeMed Program. SETTING: A large nonprofit health care system serving the major medically underserved areas in Memphis, Tennessee...
October 6, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Kelly L Hayward, Patricia C Valery, W Neil Cottrell, Katharine M Irvine, Leigh U Horsfall, Caroline J Tallis, Veronique S Chachay, Brittany J Ruffin, Jennifer H Martin, Elizabeth E Powell
BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis patients are prescribed multiple medications for their liver disease and comorbidities. Discrepancies between medicines consumed by patients and those documented in the medical record may contribute to patient harm and impair disease management. The aim of the present study was to assess the magnitude and types of discrepancies among patient-reported and medical record-documented medications in patients with cirrhosis, and examine factors associated with such discrepancies...
September 13, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Babar Bashir, Doron Schneider, Mary C Naglak, Thomas M Churilla, Marguerite Adelsberger
OBJECTIVES: Factors that influence the likelihood of readmission for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and the impact of posthospital care coordination remain uncertain. LACE index (L = length of stay, A = Acuity of admission; C = Charlson comorbidity index; E = No. of emergency department (ED) visits in last 6 months) is a validated tool for predicting 30-days readmissions for general medicine patients. We aimed to identify variables predictive of COPD readmissions including LACE index and determine the impact of a novel care management process on 30-day all-cause readmission rate...
August 2016: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
Jennifer M Polinski, Janice M Moore, Pavlo Kyrychenko, Michael Gagnon, Olga S Matlin, Joshua W Fredell, Troyen A Brennan, William H Shrank
Adverse drug events and the challenges of clarifying and adhering to complex medication regimens are central drivers of hospital readmissions. Medication reconciliation programs can reduce the incidence of adverse drug events after discharge, but evidence regarding the impact of medication reconciliation on readmission rates and health care costs is less clear. We studied an insurer-initiated care transition program based on medication reconciliation delivered by pharmacists via home visits and telephone and explored its effects on high-risk patients...
July 1, 2016: Health Affairs
Sophie Marien, Bruno Krug, Anne Spinewine
OBJECTIVES: Medication reconciliation (MedRec) is essential for reducing patient harm caused by medication discrepancies across care transitions. Electronic support has been described as a promising approach to moving MedRec forward. We systematically reviewed the evidence about electronic tools that support MedRec, by (a) identifying tools; (b) summarizing their characteristics with regard to context, tool, implementation, and evaluation; and (c) summarizing key messages for successful development and implementation...
January 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Leo Buckley, Stephanie Labonville, Judith Barr
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The prevalence of hypertension and uncontrolled hypertension is higher among African Americans than any other ethnicity in the USA. Certain patient medical beliefs may lead to adverse health behaviors. The aim of this study was to systematically review and narratively synthesize beliefs about hypertension among African Americans. RECENT FINDINGS: In a narrative review of 22 studies, many participants attributed hypertension to stress and fatty foods...
July 2016: Current Hypertension Reports
Kristina M Niehoff, Nallakkandi Rajeevan, Peter A Charpentier, Perry L Miller, Mary K Goldstein, Terri R Fried
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To create a clinical decision support system (CDSS) for evaluating problems with medications among older outpatients based on a broad set of criteria. DESIGN: Web-based CDSS development. SETTING: Primary care clinics at a Veterans Affairs medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Forty veterans 65 years and older who were prescribed seven or more medications that included those for treatment of diabetes mellitus and hypertension...
June 2016: Pharmacotherapy
Haleigh James, Paul Lorentz, Maria L Collazo-Clavell
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is associated with nutrient deficiencies, but the optimal supplement regimen remains unclear. We assessed patient-reported adherence to and efficacy of Mayo Clinic's post-RYGB vitamin/mineral supplement protocol and the related incidence of common nutrient deficiencies. METHODS: Data were collected on 287 obese patients who underwent RYGB. Patient-reported supplement adherence was assessed via medication/supplement lists generated by medication reconciliation in hospital dismissal summaries and clinic notes at 6, 12, and 18-36 months postsurgery...
April 1, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Robert Schoenhaus, Adam Lustig, Silvia Rivas, Victor Monrreal, Kimberly D Westrich, Robert W Dubois
BACKGROUND: Even within fully integrated health care systems, primary care providers (PCPs) often lack support for medication management. Because challenges with conducting medication reconciliation, improving adherence, and achieving optimal patient outcomes continue to be prevalent nationally, it is critical that PCPs are provided the resources and support they need to provide high-quality, patient-centered care in an accountable care environment. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: Sharp Rees-Stealy Medical Group uses a fully electronic medication refill system that allows for a centralized team to manage all incoming requests...
March 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Patrick Redmond, Hailey Carroll, Tamasine Grimes, Rose Galvin, Ronan McDonnell, Fiona Boland, Ronald McDowell, Carmel Hughes, Tom Fahey
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to survey GPs and community pharmacists (CPs) in Ireland regarding current practices of medication management, specifically medication reconciliation, communication between health care providers and medication errors as patients transition in care. METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey was distributed electronically to 2364 GPs, 311 GP Registrars and 2382 CPs. Multivariable associations comparing GPs to CPs were generated and content analysis of free text responses was undertaken...
April 2016: Family Practice
Susan P Bell, Jeffrey L Schnipper, Kathryn Goggins, Aihua Bian, Ayumi Shintani, Christianne L Roumie, Anuj K Dalal, Terry A Jacobson, Kimberly J Rask, Viola Vaccarino, Tejal K Gandhi, Stephanie A Labonville, Daniel Johnson, Erin B Neal, Sunil Kripalani
BACKGROUND: Reduction in 30-day readmission rates following hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is a national goal. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a tailored, pharmacist-delivered, health literacy intervention on unplanned health care utilization, including hospital readmission or emergency room (ER) visit, following discharge. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial with concealed allocation and blinded outcome assessors SETTING: Two tertiary care academic medical centers PARTICIPANTS: Adults hospitalized with a diagnosis of ACS and/or ADHF...
May 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Thomas S Bacon, Kenneth C Fan, Manishi A Desai
PURPOSE: To evaluate consistency in documentation of glaucoma medications in the electronic medical record and identify which regimen patients adhere to when inconsistencies exist. Factors contributing to medication nonadherence are also explored. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of medication adherence encompassing 200 patients from three glaucoma physicians at a tertiary referral center over a 1-month period. Adherence was determined by the consistency between a patients stated medication regimen and either the active medication list in the electronic medical record, or the physicians planned medication regimen in the preceding clinic visit...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Kelly D Karpa, Lindsay L Hom, Paul Huffman, Erik B Lehman, Vernon M Chinchilli, Paul Haidet, Shou Ling Leong
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug reactions are a leading cause of death in the United States. Safe and effective management of complex medication regimens is a skill for which recent medical school graduates may be unprepared when they transition to residency. We wished to assess the impact of a medication safety curriculum on student competency when evaluating medication therapeutic appropriateness as well as evaluate students' ability to transfer curricular material to management of patients in clinical settings...
2015: BMC Medical Education
Tantri Budiman, Kimberly Snodgrass, Allison Komatsu Chang
BACKGROUND: Hospital readmissions have been shown to contribute to both patient morbidity and rising health care expenditures across a number of disease processes. Adherence to a cardioprotective drug regimen is particularly important after ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) because it is an acute condition associated with high patient morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of pharmacist intervention with regard to reduction in hospital readmissions and improvement in medication adherence and literacy...
February 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
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