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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887650/the-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-andrographis-paniculata-burm-f-nees-on-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-in-rats-through-down-regulation-of-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#1
Wei Zou, Zuoqi Xiao, Xiaoke Wen, Jieying Luo, Shuqiong Chen, Zeneng Cheng, Daxiong Xiang, Jian Hu, Jingyu He
BACKGROUND: Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Nees (APN), a principal constituent of a famous traditional Chinese medicine Fukeqianjin tablet which is used for the treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), has been reported to have anti-inflammatory effect in vitro. However, whether it has pharmacological effect on PID in vivo is unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study is to test the anti-inflammatory effect of APN and illuminate a potential mechanism. METHODS: Thirty-six female specific pathogen-free SD rats were randomly divided into control group, PID group, APN1 group, APN2 group, APN3 group and prednisone group...
November 25, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871268/metformin-and-dietary-advice-to-improve-insulin-sensitivity-and-promote-gestational-restriction-of-weight-among-pregnant-women-who-are-overweight-or-obese-the-grow-randomised-trial
#2
Jodie M Dodd, Rosalie M Grivell, Andrea R Deussen, Gustaaf Dekker, Jennie Louise, William Hague
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a significant global health problem, with approximately 50% of women entering pregnancy having a body mass index greater than or equal to 25 kg/m(2). Obesity during pregnancy is associated with a well-recognised increased risk of adverse health outcomes both for the woman and her infant. Currently available data from large scale randomised trials and systematic reviews highlight only modest effects of antenatal dietary and lifestyle interventions in limiting gestational weight gain, with little impact on clinically relevant pregnancy outcomes...
November 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863809/efficacy-and-safety-of-tau-aggregation-inhibitor-therapy-in-patients-with-mild-or-moderate-alzheimer-s-disease-a-randomised-controlled-double-blind-parallel-arm-phase-3-trial
#3
Serge Gauthier, Howard H Feldman, Lon S Schneider, Gordon K Wilcock, Giovanni B Frisoni, Jiri H Hardlund, Hans J Moebius, Peter Bentham, Karin A Kook, Damon J Wischik, Bjoern O Schelter, Charles S Davis, Roger T Staff, Luc Bracoud, Kohkan Shamsi, John M D Storey, Charles R Harrington, Claude M Wischik
BACKGROUND: Leuco-methylthioninium bis(hydromethanesulfonate; LMTM), a stable reduced form of the methylthioninium moiety, acts as a selective inhibitor of tau protein aggregation both in vitro and in transgenic mouse models. Methylthioninium chloride has previously shown potential efficacy as monotherapy in patients with Alzheimer's disease. We aimed to determine whether LMTM was safe and effective in modifying disease progression in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease...
November 15, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863165/a-brief-ehealth-tool-delivered-in-primary-care-to-help-parents-prevent-childhood-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
J L S Byrne, T Cameron Wild, K Maximova, N E Browne, N L Holt, A J Cave, P Martz, C Ellendt, G D C Ball
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility and preliminary impact of an electronic health (eHealth) screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment (SBIRT) delivered in primary care to help parents prevent childhood obesity. METHODS: Parents of children (5-17 years) were recruited from a primary care clinic. Children's measured height and weight were entered into the SBIRT on a study-designated tablet. The SBIRT screened for children's weight status, block randomized parents to one of four brief interventions or an eHealth control and provided parents with a menu of optional obesity prevention resources...
November 10, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802256/parent-perspectives-on-their-mobile-technology-use-the-excitement-and-exhaustion-of-parenting-while-connected
#5
Jenny S Radesky, Caroline Kistin, Staci Eisenberg, Jamie Gross, Gabrielle Block, Barry Zuckerman, Michael Silverstein
OBJECTIVE: Parent use of mobile devices (e.g., smartphones, tablets) while around their young children may be associated with fewer or more negative parent-child interactions, but parent perspectives regarding this issue have not been explored. We aimed to understand parent views regarding their mobile device use to identify actionable targets of potential intervention. METHOD: We conducted 35 in-depth semi-structured group and individual interviews with English-speaking caregivers of children 0 to 8 years old, purposively sampled from diverse ethnic backgrounds, educational levels, and employment statuses...
November 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784313/an-optimised-age-based-dosing-regimen-for-single-low-dose-primaquine-for-blocking-malaria-transmission-in-cambodia
#6
Rithea Leang, Naw Htee Khu, Mavuto Mukaka, Mark Debackere, Rupam Tripura, Soy Ty Kheang, Say Chy, Neeraj Kak, Philippe Buchy, Arnaud Tarantola, Didier Menard, Arantxa Roca-Felterer, Rick M Fairhurst, Sim Kheng, Sinoun Muth, Song Ngak, Arjen M Dondorp, Nicholas J White, Walter Robert John Taylor
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the World Health Organization recommended the addition of single low-dose primaquine (SLDPQ, 0.25 mg base/kg body weight) to artemisinin combination therapies to block the transmission of Plasmodium falciparum without testing for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. The targeted group was non-pregnant patients aged ≥ 1 year (later changed to ≥ 6 months) with acute uncomplicated falciparum malaria, primarily in countries with artemisinin-resistant P...
October 27, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771803/efficacy-against-nematode-infections-and-safety-of-afoxolaner-plus-milbemycin-oxime-chewable-tablets-in-domestic-dogs-under-field-conditions-in-europe
#7
Steffen Rehbein, Martin Knaus, Yasmina Mallouk, Tatjana Breiltgens, Emanuele Brianti, Balázs Capári, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Michel Gau, Anja Joachim, Karl-Heinz Kaulfuß, Zvezdelina Kirkova, Joerg Lechner, Andrei D Mihalca, Rosamaria Mirabito, Saulius Petkevičius, Dhimitër Rapti, Enstela Shukullari, Michel Sedeilhan, Doris Dollhofer, Katrin Kley, Wilfried Lebon, Martin Visser, Philippe Jeannin
Afoxolaner (AFX) plus milbemycin oxime (MO) combination chewable tablets (NexGard Spectra®, Merial) were evaluated for safety and efficacy against naturally acquired nematode infections in domestic dogs in a multi-centre, positive control, blinded field study using a randomized block design based on the order of presentation for allocation. In total, 408 dogs confirmed positive for naturally acquired infections of intestinal nematodes by pre-treatment faecal examination were studied in ten countries in Europe (Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Romania and Slovakia)...
October 22, 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761268/promising-new-wart-treatment-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
Shokrollah Zandi, Razyeh Ahmad Zadeh, Sayedeh Reyhaneh Yousefi, Fardin Gharibi
BACKGROUND: Warts are common dermatological lesion caused by skin epithelial cells' infection with human Papillomavirus (HPV). OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a new method for the treatment of dermal warts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this clinical trial study, 60 patients (older than 10 years) with dermal warts living in Baneh city, west of Iran, were allocated into the intervention and control groups using the block randomized method in 2012...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757012/rapid-disintegrating-tablets-of-simvastatin-dispersions-in-polyoxyethylene-polypropylene-block-copolymer-for-maximized-disintegration-and-dissolution
#9
Gehan F Balata, Ahmad S Zidan, Mohamad As Abourehab, Ebtessam A Essa
The objective of this research was to improve the dissolution of simvastatin and to incorporate it in rapid disintegrating tablets (RDTs) with an optimized disintegration and dissolution characteristics. Polyoxyethylene-polypropylene block copolymer (poloxamer 188) was employed as a hydrophilic carrier to prepare simvastatin solid dispersions (SDs). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffractometry were employed to understand the interaction between the drug and the carrier in the solid state...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753808/ssa-03-3-dietary-salt-intake-and-hypertension-in-singapore
#10
Vernon Min Sen Oh
According to the Singapore National Health Survey (NHS) of 2010, the population of the Republic of Singapore was 5.076,700, comprising four ethnic groups: Chinese (74.1%), Malays (13.4%), Indians (9.2%), and others (3.3%). The National Health Survey for 2016 is under way and due to be published in 2017. From the six-yearly national health surveys, the crude prevalence of clinical hypertension (HTn), defined as a sustained blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, in Singaporean residents aged 30 to 69 years rose from 22...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689242/latent-variable-modeling-to-analyze-the-effects-of-process-parameters-on-the-dissolution-of-paracetamol-tablet
#11
Fei Sun, Bing Xu, Yi Zhang, Shengyun Dai, Xinyuan Shi, Yanjiang Qiao
The dissolution is one of the critical quality attributes (CQAs) of oral solid dosage forms because it relates to the absorption of drug. In this paper, the influence of raw materials, granules and process parameters on the dissolution of paracetamol tablet was analyzed using latent variable modeling methods. The variability in raw materials and granules was understood based on the principle component analysis (PCA), respectively. A multi-block partial least squares (MBPLS) model was used to determine the critical factors affecting the dissolution...
September 30, 2016: Bioengineered
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658987/physicochemical-properties-of-direct-compression-tablets-with-spray-dried-and-ball-milled-solid-dispersions-of-tadalafil-in-pvp-va
#12
K Wlodarski, L Tajber, W Sawicki
The aim of this research was to develop immediate release tablets comprising solid dispersion (IRSDTs) of tadalafil (Td) in a vinylpyrrolidone and vinyl acetate block copolymer (PVP-VA), characterized by improved dissolution profiles. The solid dispersion of Td in PVP-VA (Td/PVP-VA) in a weight ratio of 1:1 (w/w) was prepared using two different processes i.e. spray drying and ball milling. While the former process has been well established in the formulation of IRSDTs the latter has not been exploited in these systems yet...
December 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643254/ssa-03-3-dietary-salt-intake-and-hypertension-in-singapore
#13
Vernon Min Sen Oh
According to the Singapore National Health Survey (NHS) of 2010, the population of the Republic of Singapore was 5.076,700, comprising four ethnic groups: Chinese (74.1%), Malays (13.4%), Indians (9.2%), and others (3.3%). The National Health Survey for 2016 is under way and due to be published in 2017. From the six-yearly national health surveys, the crude prevalence of clinical hypertension (HTn), defined as a sustained blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, in Singaporean residents aged 30 to 69 years rose from 22...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606117/treatment-of-aluminium-phosphide-poisoning-with-a-combination-of-intravenous-glucagon-digoxin-and-antioxidant-agents
#14
Zohreh Oghabian, Omid Mehrpour
Aluminium phosphide (AlP) is used to protect stored grains from rodents. It produces phosphine gas (PH3), a mitochondrial poison thought to cause toxicity by blocking the cytochrome c oxidase enzyme and inhibiting oxidative phosphorylation, which results in cell death. AlP poisoning has a high mortality rate among humans due to the rapid onset of cardiogenic shock and metabolic acidosis, despite aggressive treatment. We report a 21-year-old male who was referred to the Afzalipour Hospital, Kerman, Iran, in 2015 after having intentionally ingested a 3 g AlP tablet...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562742/integrase-inhibitor-versus-protease-inhibitor-based-regimen-for-hiv-1-infected-women-waves-a-randomised-controlled-double-blind-phase-3-study
#15
Kathleen Squires, Cissy Kityo, Sally Hodder, Margaret Johnson, Evgeny Voronin, Debbie Hagins, Anchalee Avihingsanon, Ellen Koenig, Shuping Jiang, Kirsten White, Andrew Cheng, Javier Szwarcberg, Huyen Cao
BACKGROUND: Women are under-represented in HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) studies. Guidelines for selection of ART as initial therapy in patients with HIV-1 infection do not contain sex-specific treatment. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of the single tablet integrase inhibitor regimen containing elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate compared with a boosted protease inhibitor regimen of ritonavir-boosted atazanavir with emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate...
September 2016: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553123/accurate-shade-image-matching-by-using-a-smartphone-camera
#16
Weng-Kong Tam, Hsi-Jian Lee
PURPOSE: Dental shade matching by using digital images may be feasible when suitable color features are properly manipulated. Separating the color features into feature spaces facilitates favorable matching. We propose using support vector machines (SVM), which are outstanding classifiers, in shade classification. METHODS: A total of 1300 shade tab images were captured using a smartphone camera with auto-mode settings and no flash. The images were shot at angled distances of 14-20cm from a shade guide at a clinic equipped with light tubes that produced a 4000K color temperature...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543030/blend-uniformity-evaluation-during-continuous-mixing-in-a-twin-screw-granulator-by-in-line-nir-using-a-moving-f-test
#17
Margot Fonteyne, Jurgen Vercruysse, Fien De Leersnyder, Rut Besseling, Ad Gerich, Wim Oostra, Jean Paul Remon, Chris Vervaet, Thomas De Beer
This study focuses on the twin screw granulator of a continuous from-powder-to-tablet production line. Whereas powder dosing into the granulation unit is possible from a container of preblended material, a truly continuous process uses several feeders (each one dosing an individual ingredient) and relies on a continuous blending step prior to granulation. The aim of the current study was to investigate the in-line blending capacity of this twin screw granulator, equipped with conveying elements only. The feasibility of in-line NIR (SentroPAT, Sentronic GmbH, Dresden, Germany) spectroscopy for evaluating the blend uniformity of powders after the granulator was tested...
September 7, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531985/toddlers-fine-motor-milestone-achievement-is-associated-with-early-touchscreen-scrolling
#18
Rachael Bedford, Irati R Saez de Urabain, Celeste H M Cheung, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Tim J Smith
Touchscreen technologies provide an intuitive and attractive source of sensory/cognitive stimulation for young children. Despite fears that usage may have a negative impact on toddlers' cognitive development, empirical evidence is lacking. The current study presents results from the UK Toddler Attentional Behaviours and LEarning with Touchscreens (TABLET) project, examining the association between toddlers' touchscreen use and the attainment of developmental milestones. Data were gathered in an online survey of 715 parents of 6- to 36-month-olds to address two research questions: (1) How does touchscreen use change from 6 to 36 months? (2) In toddlers (19-36 months, i...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472949/efficacy-and-safety-of-tribendimidine-against-opisthorchis-viverrini-two-randomised-parallel-group-single-blind-dose-ranging-phase-2-trials
#19
Somphou Sayasone, Peter Odermatt, Youthanavanh Vonghachack, Syda Xayavong, Kanpaseuth Senggnam, Urs Duthaler, Kongsap Akkhavong, Jan Hattendorf, Jennifer Keiser
BACKGROUND: Treatment of the liver fluke infection Opisthorchis viverrini relies exclusively on praziquantel. Tribendimidine could be an alternative treatment option. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of ascending single, oral doses of tribendimidine in patients with O viverrini infection. METHODS: We did two randomised, parallel-group, single-blind, dose-ranging, phase 2 trials in children (aged 8-14 years) and adults and adolescents (≥15 years) in three O viverrini endemic villages in Champasack province, southern Laos...
October 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434137/interest-in-extended-release-naltrexone-among-opioid-users
#20
Kamni Sharma Haase, Nikolaj Kunøe, Arild Opheim, Zhanna Gaulen, Anne-Lill Mjølhus Njå, Zill-E-Huma Latif, Kristin Klemmetsby Solli, Lars Tanum
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Treatment for addiction to illicit opioids has, thus far, been limited to 2 main approaches: maintaining physical dependence by administering opioids medically and medication-free abstinence with psychosocial support. Assisted abstinence by taking daily tablets with the opioid antagonist naltrexone is rarely practiced, but it is unclear whether this is due to the limited efficacy of this method or because of user opposition to antagonist medication. Therefore, we wanted to investigate opioid users' interest in antagonist treatment with naltrexone, administered as extended release injection, which supports abstinence by blocking illicit opioids for 4-5 weeks per administration...
2016: European Addiction Research
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