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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647333/effects-of-bedding-with-recycled-sand-on-lying-behaviors-udder-hygiene-and-preference-of-lactating-holstein-dairy-cows
#1
J A Kull, H D Ingle, R A Black, N L Eberhart, P D Krawczel
Effects of bedding with recycled sand and season on lying behaviors, hygiene, and preferences of late-lactation Holstein cows were studied. It was hypothesized that recycled sand will decrease lying time and increase hygiene scores due to increased moisture content and organic matter, and thus a preference for the control sand will be evident. Cows (n = 64) were divided into 4 groups (n = 8 per group) per season. In summer (August to September), cows were balanced by days in milk (268.1 ± 11.9 d) and parity (2...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647188/mir-200a-and-mir-200b-target-pten-to-regulate-the-endometrial-cancer-cell-growth-in%C3%A2-vitro
#2
Qiang Wu, Ren-Lian Lu, Jing-Xiang Li, Li-Jun Rong
OBJECTIVE: To study whether miR-200a and miR-200b target PTEN gene expression to regulate the endometrial cancer cell growth in vitro. METHODS: Endometrial cancer cells ECC-1 were cultured and transfected with the miR-200a and miR-200b mimics and inhibitors as well as the negative control mimics and inhibitors, and then the cell proliferation activity as well as the expression of PTEN and downstream genes in cells was determined; after transfection of miR-200a and miR-200b mimics as well as PTEN-3'UTR luciferase report gene plasmids, the fluorescence activity of luciferase reporter gene was determined...
May 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647008/trajectories-of-neighborhood-cohesion-in-childhood-and-psychotic-and-depressive-symptoms-at-age-13-and-18-years
#3
Francesca Solmi, Ian Colman, Murray Weeks, Glyn Lewis, James B Kirkbride
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to adverse social environments has been associated with psychotic and depressive symptoms in adolescence in cross-sectional studies, but the longitudinal relation is unclear. This study examined whether longitudinal trajectories of exposure to adverse social environments across childhood are associated with psychotic experiences and depressive symptoms in adolescence. METHOD: Data on participants from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) were used to estimate longitudinal trajectories of childhood exposure to neighborhood cohesion (NC), discord (ND), and stress (NS) using latent class growth modeling...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646920/dynamics-of-th9-cells-and-their-potential-role-in-immunopathogenesis-of-murine-schistosomiasis
#4
Tingzheng Zhan, Tingting Zhang, Yanyan Wang, Xiaoli Wang, Cai Lin, Huihui Ma, Zhongliang Duan, Chunxiang Li, Jing Xu, Chaoming Xia
BACKGROUND: Th1, Th2, Th17, Treg and Tfh cells play important roles in schistosomiasis. Th9 cells secrete IL-9 as a signature cytokine and contribute to several classes of inflammatory disease. However, the effects of Th9 cells in schistosomiasis are unknown. We aimed to explore the dynamic changes and potential roles of Th9 cells in the pathogenesis of hepatic egg granulomatous inflammation in mice infected with Schistosoma japonicum. METHODS: Twenty mice with S...
June 24, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645229/cognitive-function-in-early-psychosis-patients-from-a-lower-middle-income-country
#5
Muhammed Omair Husain, Imran B Chaudhry, Rachel Thomasson, Tayyeba Kiran, Paul Bassett, Muhammad I Husain, Farooq Naeem, Nusrat Husain
OBJECTIVES: To establish evidence of cognitive changes in early psychosis (EP) patients compared to healthy controls (HC) in Pakistan. METHODS: Fifty-one participants with EP were recruited from psychiatric units in Karachi and Rawalpindi, Pakistan and matched with 51 HC. Neurocognitive domains were assessed using standardised neuropsychological tests [the Stroop test, block design, Matrix Reasoning, picture completion, object assembly, oral fluency, memory for design, Coughlan learning task (verbal and visual)]...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645008/effect-of-microrna-129-5p-targeting-hmgb1-rage-signaling-pathway-on-revascularization-in-a-collagenase-induced-intracerebral-hemorrhage-rat-model
#6
Xin-Long Ma, Shu-Ya Li, Feng Shang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at exploring the effect of microRNA-129-5p (miR-129-5p) targeting high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1)-receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) signaling pathway on the revascularization in a collagenase-induced intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) rat model. METHODS: OX26-pGFAP-IL, an immunoliposome expressing miR-129-5p was constructed. The collagenase-induced ICH rat models were successfully established by 96 Sprague Dawley (SD) rats, which were categorized into the sham group, ICH group, miR-129-5p group, negative control (NC) group, ethyl pyruvate (EP, an inhibitor of HMGB1) group and N-benzyl-4-chloro-N-cyclohe-xylbenzamide (FPS-ZM1, a RAGE receptor antagonist) group...
June 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644998/olfactory-identification-deficit-predicts-white-matter-tract-impairment-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Matthew R Woodward, Michael G Dwyer, Niels Bergsland, Jesper Hagemeier, Robert Zivadinov, Ralph Hb Benedict, Kinga Szigeti
Olfactory identification deficit (OID) has been associated with both aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the context of an amnestic disorders, OID predicts conversion to AD. Neuroanatomical correlates could increase specificity and sensitivity and elucidate the mechanistic differences between OID in AD and aging. Cross-sectional analysis of white matter microstructural changes was performed using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and tract-based-spatial-statistics in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), AD and normal controls (NC) in 66 subjects (26 AD, 15 aMCI, 25 NC)...
June 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644619/long-bonding-in-hngcn-nc-ng-noble-gas-molecules-an-nbo-nrt-investigation
#8
Guiqiu Zhang, Shengnan Zhang, De-Zhan Chen
Recently, Weinhold et al. put forward one new concept of σ̂-type long-bonding and applied it to the comprehension of halogen noble-gas hydrides HNgY (Ng = noble gas; Y = halogen) bonding. The present study extends this new concept into HNgX (X = CN, NC) pseudo-halogen molecules. At the B3LYP and CCSD(T) levels of theory, we perform Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) and Natural Resonance Theory (NRT) studies on the HNgX molecules and compare it with the previous results of HNgY molecules. The NBO/NRT results clearly reveal that each of the HNgX, but not the HHeCN, HNeCN and HNeNC molecules, is composed of three leading resonance structures: two ω-bonding structures H-Ng(+) :X(-), H:(-) Ng(+)-X and one long-bonded structure H^X...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644367/oral-cholic-acid-is-efficacious-and-well-tolerated-in-patients-with-bile-acid-synthesis-and-zellweger-spectrum-disorders
#9
James E Heubi, Kevin E Bove, Kenneth D R Setchell
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with bile acid synthesis disorders (BASD) due to single enzyme defects (SED) or Zellweger spectrum disorders (ZSD) accumulate hepatotoxic atypical bile acids resulting in potentially fatal progressive liver disease. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of oral cholic acid in patients with BASD. METHODS: In this phase 3, open-label, single-arm, nonrandomized, noncomparative study conducted over 18 years, patients were administered cholic acid orally 10 to 15 mg/kg/day...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644262/host-related-risk-factors-for-adherent-perinephric-fat-in-healthy-individuals-undergoing-laparoscopic-living-donor-nephrectomy
#10
Shintaro Narita, Teruaki Kumazawa, Norihiko Tsuchiya, Huang Mingguo, Mitsuru Saito, Takamitsu Inoue, Hiroshi Tsuruta, Kazuyuki Numakura, Atsushi Maeno, Hiroshi Nanjo, Shigeru Satoh, Tomonori Habuchi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the risk factors and characteristics of adherent perinephric fat (APF) in healthy individuals. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Men who underwent laparoscopic donor nephrectomy were included. Video review was used to divide patients on the basis of APF severity. Relationship between APF scores and clinical and radiographic features was evaluated. RESULTS: Of the 92 patients, 43 (46.7%) and 8 (8.7%) were categorized as APF and severe APF, respectively...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644240/corneal-stiffening-by-a-bacteriochlorophyll-derivative-with-dextran-and-near-infrared-light-effect-of-shortening-irradiation-time-up-to-1-minute
#11
Jurriaan Brekelmans, Alexandra Goz, Mor M Dickman, Alexander Brandis, Xiaomeng Sui, H Daniel Wagner, Rudy M M A Nuijts, Avigdor Scherz, Arie L Marcovich
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of variation of the exposure time of near-infrared irradiation on corneal stiffening after a bacteriochlorophyll derivative (WST11) with dextran (WST-D) application. METHODS: One hundred four paired eyes of 3-month-old New Zealand White rabbits were included in this study. Fifty-two eyes (ex vivo n = 34, in vivo n = 18) were mechanically deepithelialized, treated topically with WST-D, and irradiated at 10 mW/cm using a diode laser at 755 nm for 1, 5, or 30 minutes...
June 21, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644235/chandelier-illumination-for-descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty
#12
Toshiki Shimizu, Takahiko Hayashi, Kentaro Yuda, Ayako Tsuchiya, Itaru Oyakawa, Nobuhisa Mizuki, Naoko Kato
PURPOSE: To describe a simple technique that uses posterior chandelier illumination during Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty in cases of severe bullous keratopathy (BK). METHODS: Five eyes of 4 patients with advanced BK undergoing Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty were retrospectively analyzed. The pupil of the host eye was not treated with mydriatic or miotic agents. The chandelier illuminator was inserted transconjunctivally into the vitreous cavity from the pars plana...
June 21, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644234/efficacy-of-sodium-hyaluronate-in-murine-diabetic-ocular-surface-diseases
#13
Guohu Di, Xia Qi, Xiaowen Zhao, Songmei Zhang, Qingjun Zhou
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of sodium hyaluronate (HA) eye drops for the treatment of diabetic ocular surface diseases in mice. METHODS: Male 6- to 8-week-old C57BL/6 mice underwent induction of type 1 diabetes with intraperitoneal injections of streptozotocin, with normal mice as the control. Topical 0.3% HA, 0.1% HA, 0.4% polyethylene glycol eye drops, and normal saline were administered to diabetic mice with an intact or debrided corneal epithelium. Normal saline was applied in the controls...
June 21, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644196/cebranopadol-a-novel-first-in-class-analgesic-drug-candidate-first-experience-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Annette Christoph, Marie-Henriette Eerdekens, Maurits Kok, Gisela Volkers, Rainer Freynhagen
Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a common condition, usually with involvement of nociceptive and neuropathic pain components, high economic burden and impact on quality of life. Cebranopadol is a potent, first-in-class drug candidate with a novel mechanistic approach, combining nociceptin/orphanin FQ peptide and opioid peptide receptor agonism. We conducted the first Phase II, randomized, doubleblind, placebo- and active-controlled trial, evaluating the analgesic efficacy, safety, and tolerability of cebranopadol in patients with moderate to severe chronic LBP with and without neuropathic pain component...
June 21, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644183/more-dose-dependent-side-effects-with-mercaptopurine-over-azathioprine-in-ibd-treatment-due-to-relatively-higher-dosing
#15
Mark M T J Broekman, Marieke J H Coenen, Corine J van Marrewijk, Geert J A Wanten, Dennis R Wong, Andre L M Verbeek, Olaf H Klungel, Piet M Hooymans, Henk-Jan Guchelaar, Hans Scheffer, Luc J J Derijks, Dirk J de Jong
BACKGROUND: There are substantial global differences in the preference for mercaptopurine (MP) or its prodrug azathioprine (AZA) as first-choice thiopurine to treat inflammatory bowel diseases. Studies comparing both agents are scarce. Our aim was to compare AZA and MP in thiopurine-naive patients with inflammatory bowel disease for the frequency of side effects and efficacy. METHODS: Post hoc analysis of the "Thiopurine response Optimization by Pharmacogenetic testing in Inflammatory bowel disease Clinics" (TOPIC) trial, in which thiopurine-naive patients with inflammatory bowel disease with an indication for a thiopurine were randomized for a genotype-based dose versus standard of care...
June 20, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644018/the-role-of-the-crystal-structure-in-cation-exchange-reactions-involving-colloidal-cu2se-nanocrystals
#16
Graziella Gariano, Vladimir Lesnyak, Rosaria Brescia, Giovanni Bertoni, Zhiya Dang, Roberto Gaspari, Luca De Trizio, Liberato Manna
Stoichiometric Cu2Se nanocrystals were synthesized in either cubic or hexagonal (metastable) crystal structures and used as the host material in cation exchange reactions with Pb2+ ions. Even if the final product of the exchange, in both cases, was rock-salt PbSe nanocrystals, we show here that the crystal structure of the starting nanocrystals has a strong influence on the exchange pathway. The exposure of cubic Cu2Se nanocrystals to Pb2+ cations led to the initial formation of PbSe unselectively on the overall surface of the host nanocrystals, generating Cu2Se@PbSe core@shell nano-heterostructures...
June 23, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643947/effect-of-tet1-regulating-mgmt-on-chemotherapy-resistance-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-stem-cells
#17
Wei Wang, Xin Li, Fan Wang, Xiang-Yu Sun
The study was to evaluate the effect of ten-eleven translocation 1 (TET1) regulating o6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) in chemotherapy resistance of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) stem cells. OSCC stem cells were divided into the blank, negative control (NC), TET1-siRNA, TET1-siRNA + MGMT-OE and MGMT-OE groups. Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP), qRT-PCR and western blotting were conducted to detect the methylation status of MGMT, expressions of TET1, MGMT, ABCG2 and Oct-4...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641614/-effect-of-microrna-214-on-migration-of-cord-blood-cd34-cells-induced-by-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#18
Jing Ming, Jian Wang, Xu Ye, Hui Xu, Xing-Bing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible effect of MicroRNA-214 (miR-214) on migration of umbilical cord blood CD34(+) hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells induced by BM-MSC. METHODS: After transfection of the inhibitor or mimic of miR-214, the cultured supernatant of BM-MSC were collected respectively. The expression of miR-214 in BM-MSC was detected by real time quantitative PCR, the effect of supernatant on CD34(+) cell migration was evaluated by chemotaxis assays...
June 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640966/linking-the-degree-of-virilization-in-females-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-to-genotype
#19
Semyon Gurgov, Kerlly J Bernabé, John Stites, Christopher M Cunniff, Karen Lin-Su, Diane Felsen, Maria I New, Dix P Poppas
Mutations of CYP21A2 variably decrease 21-hydroxylase activity and result in a spectrum of disease expressions in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). We examined the association between CYP21A2 mutations and virilization (Prader score) in females with CAH. The study population included 187 CAH females with fully characterized CYP21A2 mutations. One hundred fifty-eight patients were sorted into groups by expected enzyme activity (percent of normal activity) of the less severely affected allele: (A) null, 0%; (B) I2G, 1%; (C) I172N, 2%; and (D) V281L, >2%...
June 22, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640865/association-between-suicide-related-ideations-and-affective-temperaments-in-the-japanese-general-adult-population
#20
Nobuyuki Mitsui, Yukiei Nakai, Takeshi Inoue, Niki Udo, Kan Kitagawa, Yumi Wakatsuki, Rie Kameyama, Atsuhito Toyomaki, Yoichi M Ito, Yuji Kitaichi, Shin Nakagawa, Ichiro Kusumi
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates are vastly higher in Japan than in many other countries, although the associations between affective temperaments and suicide-related ideations in the general adult population remain unclear. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate these associations in the present study. METHODS: We analyzed data from 638 Japanese volunteers who completed both the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A)...
2017: PloS One
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