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Yanping Luo, Rong Luo, Hong Ding, Xiu Ren, Haipeng Luo, Ying Zhang, Liyan Ye, Shenghui Cui
Limited studies have characterized multiple carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli isolates and compared their genetic characteristics through whole-genome sequencing (WGS) because of the scarcity of these isolates. In this study, we determined the prevalence of carbapenem resistance in 2,993 E. coli isolates collected from three Chinese hospitals. The carbapenem-resistant isolates were further characterized by WGS, and the molecular epidemiological characters and resistance mechanisms were explored through the publicly available platforms from the Center for Genomic Epidemiology...
July 7, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Rafaella Christina Rocha Moreira da Silva, Paulo de Oliveira Martins Júnior, Laura Fernandes Gonçalves, Vicente de Paulo Martins, Ana Beatriz Fabrício de Melo, André Pitondo-Silva, Tatiana Amabile de Campos
OBJECTIVES: Considering the global concern of ciprofloxacin resistance, the aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of ciprofloxacin-resistant (CIP-R) Escherichia coli isolated from patients with community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs) in Brasília, Brazil. METHODS: CIP-R E. coli isolated from different outpatients between July 2013 and April 2014 in a tertiary hospital were analysed for antibiotic resistance profile, phylotype, uropathogenic E...
June 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Kumiko Kawamura, Tae Sugawara, Nao Matsuo, Kengo Hayashi, Chihiro Norizuki, Kiyoko Tamai, Takaaki Kondo, Yoshichika Arakawa
This study was performed to investigate the carriage rates of CTX-M-type extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli among ill companion animals in Japan. Among the 178 nonrepetitive E. coli isolates, including 131 from dogs and 47 from cats, collected between September and November 2015, 42 (23.6%) isolates from 29 dogs and 13 cats were identified as ESBL producers. The antimicrobial susceptibility, O serotype, phylogenetic group, β-lactamase genotype, plasmid replicon type, and sequence type (ST) of each isolate were analyzed...
April 5, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Louise Roer, Frank Hansen, Martin Christen Frølund Thomsen, Jenny Dahl Knudsen, Dennis Schrøder Hansen, Mikala Wang, Jurgita Samulioniené, Ulrik Stenz Justesen, Bent L Røder, Helga Schumacher, Claus Østergaard, Leif Percival Andersen, Esad Dzajic, Turid Snekloth Søndergaard, Marc Stegger, Anette M Hammerum, Henrik Hasman
Objectives: To evaluate a genome-based surveillance of all Danish third-generation cephalosporin-resistant Escherichia coli (3GC-R Ec ) from bloodstream infections between 2014 and 2015, focusing on horizontally transferable resistance mechanisms. Methods: A collection of 552 3GC-R Ec isolates were whole-genome sequenced and characterized by using the batch uploader from the Center for Genomic Epidemiology (CGE) and automatically analysed using the CGE tools according to resistance profile, MLST, serotype and fimH subtype...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Song Li, Junhe Liu, Yufa Zhou, Zengmin Miao
INTRODUCTION: Animals are considered to be reservoirs of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria, but few epidemiological data on ESBL-producing Escherichia coli urinary tract isolates in pet dogs are available in China. METHODOLOGY: This study was conducted to describe the prevalence and characterization of ESBL producers among E. coli urinary tract isolates from pet dogs in Tai'an, China. RESULTS: A total of 118 E. coli were obtained from urinary samples of 80 companion dogs suffering from acute or chronic cystitis, of which three isolates from different dogs were ESBL producers...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Shangshang Qin, Mengmeng Zhou, Qijing Zhang, Hengxun Tao, Yafei Ye, Huizhi Chen, Lijuan Xu, Hui Xu, Ping Wang, Xianju Feng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
Qinglan Guo, Baixing Ding, Thomas Jové, Nicole Stoesser, Vaughn S Cooper, Minggui Wang, Yohei Doi
The extended-spectrum β-lactamase gene blaCTX-M-2 is mainly associated with ISCR1 embedded in complex sul1-type integrons, but information on the genetic context of plasmids harboring the ISCR1-blaCTX-M-2 module remains limited. In this study, a blaCTX-M-2-harboring plasmid (pYD786-1) belonging to the sequence type 2 (ST2)-IncHI2 plasmid type and isolated from an Escherichia coli ST410 clinical strain was sequenced and analyzed. pYD786-1 belongs to the APEC-O1-R-type IncHI2 plasmids, which are widely distributed in human, poultry, and livestock strains...
November 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
G Gerhold, M H Schulze, U Gross, W Bohne
The increasing prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Gram-negative bacteria is a serious threat for current healthcare settings. In this study we investigated the molecular epidemiology of ESBL-producing E. coli at the University Medical Center Göttingen in Lower Saxony, Germany. All E. coli isolates with an ESBL phenotype were collected during a 6-month period in 2014. Multilocus sequence typing and CTX-M characterization were performed on 160 isolates. Of the ESBL-producing isolates 95·6% were CTX-M positive...
November 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
Julia Fischer, Katja Hille, Inga Ruddat, Alexander Mellmann, Robin Köck, Lothar Kreienbrock
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing enterobacteria (ESBL-E) have emerged in livestock. This study prospectively investigates the prevalence of MRSA and ESBL-E on pig farms and in nasal and stool samples from farmers and compares molecular characteristics of these ESBL-E isolates. In 2014, samples were derived at 51 pig farms in Germany. Per farm, five dust and five fecal samples were collected; one nasal and one stool sample were retrieved from farmers...
June 1, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
Dorina Timofte, Iuliana Elena Maciuca, Nicola J Williams, Andrew Wattret, Vanessa Schmidt
We characterized extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) in 32 Escherichia coli extended spectrum cephalosporin (ESC)-resistant clinical isolates from UK companion animals from several clinics. In addition, to investigate the possible dissemination of ESBL clinical isolates within a veterinary hospital, two ESBL-producing E. coli isolates from a dog with septic peritonitis and a cluster of environmental ESC-resistant E. coli isolates obtained from the same clinic and during the same time period, as these two particular ESBL-positive clinical isolates, were also included in the study...
October 2016: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Linda Falgenhauer, Can Imirzalioglu, Hiren Ghosh, Konrad Gwozdzinski, Judith Schmiedel, Katrin Gentil, Rolf Bauerfeind, Peter Kämpfer, Harald Seifert, Geovana Brenner Michael, Stefan Schwarz, Yvonne Pfeifer, Guido Werner, Michael Pietsch, Uwe Roesler, Beatriz Guerra, Jennie Fischer, Hannah Sharp, Annemarie Käsbohrer, Alexander Goesmann, Katja Hille, Lothar Kreienbrock, Trinad Chakraborty
Multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli encoding CTX-M-type extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) are isolated in increasing numbers from humans, companion animals and livestock, raising concern regarding the exchange and spread of isolates in these populations. In this study, whole-genome sequencing of CTX-M-15-producing E. coli isolates recently sampled from humans, companion animals, livestock and farm environments was performed. In total, 26 different sequence types (STs) were detected, of which ST410 was the most frequent and was the only ST present in all populations studied...
June 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Ketrin C Silva, Marina Moreno, Carlos Cabrera, Beny Spira, Louise Cerdeira, Nilton Lincopan, Andrea M Moreno
We report for the first time the isolation of CTX-M-15-producingEscherichia colistrains belonging to sequence type (ST) 410, ST224, and ST1284 in commercial swine in Brazil. TheblaCTX-M-15gene was located on F-::A9::B1 and C1::A9::B1 IncF-type plasmids, surrounded by a new genetic context comprising the IS26insertion sequence truncated with the ISEcp1element upstream ofblaCTX-M-15 These results reveal that commercial swine have become a new reservoir of CTX-M-15-producing bacteria in South America.
April 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Katharina Schaufler, Torsten Semmler, Lothar H Wieler, Michael Wöhrmann, Ramani Baddam, Niyaz Ahmed, Kerstin Müller, Axel Kola, Angelika Fruth, Christa Ewers, Sebastian Guenther
Clinically relevant extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing multi-resistant Escherichia coli have been on the rise for years. Initially restricted to mostly a clinical context, recent findings prove their prevalence in extraclinical settings independent of the original occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in the environment. To get further insights into the complex ecology of potentially clinically relevant ESBL-producing E. coli, 24 isolates from wild birds in Berlin, Germany, and 40 ESBL-producing human clinical E...
January 2016: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Michael Pietsch, Christoph Eller, Constanze Wendt, Martin Holfelder, Linda Falgenhauer, Angelika Fruth, Tobias Grössl, Rasmus Leistner, Giuseppe Valenza, Guido Werner, Yvonne Pfeifer
The increase of Escherichia coli producing extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) in hospitals and their emergence as intestinal colonisers of healthy humans is of concern. Transmission ways and the extent of spread of distinct E. coli clones or ESBL genes among humans and animals via the food chain or the environment is a matter of debate. In this study we determined ESBL genotypes in E. coli isolates (n=233) resistant to 3rd generation cephalosporins from hospitals and medical practices using PCR and sequencing...
November 24, 2015: Veterinary Microbiology
Liang Huang, Xiaohui Wang, Yu Feng, Yi Xie, Liping Xie, Zhiyong Zong
BACKGROUND: Carbapenem resistance among the Enterobacteriaceae is a serious healthcare challenge. bla IMI is a carbapenemase gene mediating resistance to carbapenems but has not been commonly found. A bla IMI-carrying Enterobacter cloacae, which was also resistant to colistin, is reported here. FINDINGS: E. cloacae strain WCHECl-1060 was recovered from a blood sample of a leukemia patient, who was not previously exposed to colistin. Strain WCHECl-1060 belongs to a new sequence type, ST410, and was resistant to carbapenems and colistin but was susceptible to third-generation cephalosporins...
2015: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Codruţa-Romaniţa Usein, Raluca Papagheorghe, Mihaela Oprea, Maria Condei, Monica Strãuţ
The increasing prevalence of invasive infections caused by antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli strains in Romanian patients, already mentioned in the European reports, requires better knowledge of their specific traits. Thus, a set of 38 E. coli blood isolates, collected between 2010 and 2012 at one of the local hospitals participating into the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network, was investigated retrospectively with respect to the phylogenetic origin, extraintestinal virulence-associated markers (i...
May 2016: Folia Microbiologica
Maria Giufré, Marisa Accogli, Caterina Graziani, Luca Busani, Marina Cerquetti
Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) is involved in a wide spectrum of human diseases. Chickens have been suggested as reservoirs for fluoroquinolone (FQ)-resistant ExPEC strains. Here, we report the whole-genome sequences of 4 E. coli strains sharing the same sequence type (ST) (ST410) and that were isolated from human and avian sources in Italy.
2015: Genome Announcements
Guofeng Xu, Yue Jiang, Wei An, Hongdong Wang, Xiuying Zhang
Three KPC-2-producing Escherichia coli (E1, E2, and E3) were recovered from water samples of an urban river in the city of Harbin, China. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by broth microdilution. Molecular characterization and genetic relatedness of the isolates were determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and PCR-directed phylotyping. Plasmids were analyzed by conjugation, S1-PFGE, Southern blotting and PCR-based replicon typing (PBRT)...
September 2015: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Yanbin Liu, Yu Feng, Wenjing Wu, Yi Xie, Xiaohui Wang, Xiaoxia Zhang, Xinchuan Chen, Zhiyong Zong
We report the first OXA-181-producing strain in China. blaOXA-181 was found in sequence type 410 (ST410) Escherichia coli strain WCHEC14828 from a Chinese patient without recent travel history. Genome sequencing and conjugation experiments were performed. blaOXA-181 was carried on a 51-kb self-transmissible IncX3 plasmid and was linked with qnrS1, a quinolone resistance gene. blaOXA-181 was introduced onto the IncX3 plasmid from a ColE2-type plasmid, and IncX3 plasmids have the potential to mediate the dissemination of blaOXA-181...
August 2015: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Thorsten Schauss, Stefanie P Glaeser, Alexandra Gütschow, Wolfgang Dott, Peter Kämpfer
The presence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli was investigated in input (manure from livestock husbandry) and output samples of six German biogas plants in 2012 (one sampling per biogas plant) and two German biogas plants investigated in an annual cycle four times in 2013/2014. ESBL-producing Escherichia coli were cultured by direct plating on CHROMagar ESBL from input samples in the range of 100 to 104 colony forming units (CFU) per g dry weight but not from output sample...
2015: PloS One
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