Read by QxMD icon Read


Charlotte C Gupta, Jill Dorrian, Crystal L Grant, Maja Pajcin, Alison M Coates, David J Kennaway, Gary A Wittert, Leonie K Heilbronn, Chris B Della Vedova, Siobhan Banks
Shiftworkers have impaired performance when driving at night and they also alter their eating patterns during nightshifts. However, it is unknown whether driving at night is influenced by the timing of eating. This study aims to explore the effects of timing of eating on simulated driving performance across four simulated nightshifts. Healthy, non-shiftworking males aged 18-35 years (n = 10) were allocated to either an eating at night (n = 5) or no eating at night (n = 5) condition. During the simulated nightshifts at 1730, 2030 and 0300 h, participants performed a 40-min driving simulation, 3-min Psychomotor Vigilance Task (PVT-B), and recorded their ratings of sleepiness on a subjective scale...
October 13, 2016: Chronobiology International
Teresa Cotrim, José Carvalhais, Catarina Neto, Júlia Teles, Paulo Noriega, Francisco Rebelo
In the last two decades the control of the Portuguese railway network has become much more centralized in three centres, there integrating the functions of route flow management, electrical control and signalling. This study aimed to investigate the influence of work and individual determinants in sleepiness among railway control workers, namely socio-demographic factors, work ability, psychosocial factors, shiftwork characteristics, fatigue perception, and sleep. Sleepiness by shift was associated with quality of sleep, job satisfaction, fatigue perception, quantitative demands, and age...
January 2017: Applied Ergonomics
Glenn Legault, Alexandra Clement, Glen P Kenny, Stephen Hardcastle, Nancy Keller
Sleep deprivation, abnormal sleep patterns arising from working rotating shifts, and exposure to high ambient temperatures contribute to physical and cognitive dysfunction. We examined the effects of these on 19 (41.5 ± 5.1 years) male underground miners. Data were collected for 28 to 30 consecutive days such that the participants experienced their full rotating shift schedule, including days off. Objective measures of sleep quality (actigraphy), attentional capacity (psychomotor vigilance task), core body temperature (visceral pill), executive function (BRIEF-A) and subjective measures of fatigue (Karolinska and Epworth Sleepiness scales) were obtained over the 28-30 day period...
January 2017: Applied Ergonomics
Lee C Yong, Jia Li, Geoffrey M Calvert
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of a comprehensive set of self-reported sleep problems by job characteristics, including shiftwork status, among a representative sample of US workers. METHODS: Data for 6338 workers aged ≥18 years were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Short sleep duration was defined as <7 hours per weekday/workday. Sleep quality was categorised as good, moderate and poor based on the frequency of 6 sleep-related symptoms...
September 8, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Youil Shon, Seungho Ryu, Byung-Seong Suh, Soo-Geun Kim, Won-Sool Kim, Hee-Seung Son, Hee-Yun Kim, Han-Seur Jeong
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported the effects of direction of shift rotation on sleep, however, the findings are inconsistent. In this study, we investigated sleep quality related to direction of shift rotation using large-scale data from shiftwork-specific health examinations of electronics workers. METHODS: This study included 4750 electronics workers working in a rotating 3-shift system who completed a medical examination for shift workers survey from January 1 to December 31, 2014, at a general hospital...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Koh Mizuno, Akiko Matsumoto, Tatsuya Aiba, Takashi Abe, Hiroshi Ohshima, Masaya Takahashi, Yuichi Inoue
BACKGROUND: Flight controllers of the International Space Station (ISS) are engaged in shift work to provide 24-h coverage to support ISS systems. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of shift work sleep disorder (SWSD) among Japanese ISS flight controllers. METHODS: A questionnaire study was conducted using the Standard Shiftwork Index to evaluate sleep-related problems and possible associated variables. Among 52 respondents out of 73 flight controllers, 30 subjects were identified as night shift workers who worked 3 or more night shifts per month...
2016: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
Charli Sargent, Paul Roberts, Drew Dawson, Sally Ferguson, Lynn Meuleners, Libby Brook, Gregory D Roach
The 9th International Conference on Managing Fatigue in Transportation, Resources and Health was held in Fremantle, Western Australia in March 2015. The purpose of the conferences in this series is to provide a forum for industry representatives, regulators, and scientists to discuss recent advances in the field of fatigue research. We have produced a Special Issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health based on papers from the conference that were focused on various aspects of public health...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Anne-Loes Opperhuizen, Dawei Wang, Ewout Foppen, Remi Jansen, Olga Boudzovitch-Surovtseva, Janneke de Vries, Eric Fliers, Andries Kalsbeek
Shiftworkers run an increased risk of developing metabolic disorders, presumably as a result of disturbed circadian physiology. Eating at a time-of-day that is normally dedicated to resting and fasting, may contribute to this association. The hypothalamus is the key brain area that integrates different inputs, including environmental time information from the central biological clock in the suprachiasmatic nuclei, with peripheral information on energy status to maintain energy homeostasis. The orexin system within the lateral hypothalamus is an important output of the suprachiasmatic nuclei involved in the control of sleep/wake behavior and glucose homeostasis, among other functions...
August 26, 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
Hitoshi Okamura, Masao Doi, Kaoru Goto, Rika Kojima
With the current societal norm of shiftwork and long working hours, maintaining a stable daily life is becoming very difficult. An irregular lifestyle disrupts circadian rhythms, resulting in the malfunction of body physiology and ultimately leading to lifestyle-related diseases, including hypertension. By analyzing completely arrhythmic Cry1/Cry2 double-knockout (Cry-null) mice, we found salt-sensitive hypertension accompanied by hyperaldosteronism. On the basis of a DNA microarray analysis of the adrenal gland and subsequent biochemical analyses, we discovered that Hsd3b6/HSD3B1, a subtype of 3β-HSD, is markedly overexpressed in aldosterone-producing cells in the Cry-null adrenal cortex...
October 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Svetlana Postnova, Steven W Lockley, Peter A Robinson
An improvement to our current quantitative model of arousal state dynamics is presented that more accurately predicts sleep propensity as measured with sleep dynamics depending on circadian phase and prior wakefulness. A nonlinear relationship between the circadian variables within the dynamic circadian oscillator model is introduced to account for the skewed shape of the circadian rhythm of alertness that peaks just prior to the onset of the biological night (the "wake maintenance zone") and has a minimum toward the end of the biological night...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Silvio Araújo Fernandes-Junior, Francieli Silva Ruiz, Leandro Stetner Antonietti, Sergio Tufik, Marco Túlio de Mello
INTRODUCTION: The reversal of the natural cycle of wakefulness and sleep may cause damage to the health of workers. However, there are few studies evaluating sleep, fatigue and quality of life of night shift workers considering the influence of small children on these variables. AIMS: Evaluate the sleep time, fatigue and quality of life of night shift workers and verify the relationship between these variables with the presence or absence of children in different age groups...
2016: PloS One
Kimberly A Honn, Anne Helene Garde, Frida Marina Fischer, Hans P A Van Dongen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Chronobiology International
June J Pilcher, Kristen S Jennings, Ginger E Phillips, James A McCubbin
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated performance on a dual auditory task during a simulated night shift. BACKGROUND: Night shifts and sleep deprivation negatively affect performance on vigilance-based tasks, but less is known about the effects on complex tasks. Because language processing is necessary for successful work performance, it is important to understand how it is affected by night work and sleep deprivation. METHOD: Sixty-two participants completed a simulated night shift resulting in 28 hr of total sleep deprivation...
June 15, 2016: Human Factors
Luenda E Charles, Songzhu Zhao, Desta Fekedulegn, John M Violanti, Michael E Andrew, Cecil M Burchfiel
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to assess the influence of shiftwork on change in endothelial function. METHODS: This longitudinal study was conducted in 188 police officers (78.2% men). Shiftwork status (day, afternoon, night) was assessed objectively using daily Buffalo, NY payroll work history records. Brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was assessed using ultrasound. Mean change in FMD% between 2004-2009 and 2010-2015 was compared across shiftwork using analysis of variance/covariance...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
John Rodwell, Julian Fernando
PURPOSE: Despite the prevalence of shiftwork, the mechanisms underlying its effects on nurses' well-being and adaptation to the shifts are not fully understood. This study examines whether the characteristics of the person, particularly chronotype, and aspects of the situation (i.e., shift schedule and the nature of work on each shift for each work context) affect job-specific and general well-being above and beyond potential confounds such as age and negative affectivity (NA). DESIGN: Primarily surveys of Australian nurses (N = 446) in three contexts (general acute hospital, maternity hospital, aged care)...
July 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Jaqueline Girnos Sonati, Milva Maria Figueiredo De Martino, Roberto Vilarta, Érika da Silva Maciel, Renato José Ferreira Sonati, Paulo Cézar Paduan
Rotating shiftwork is common for air traffic controllers and usually causes sleep deprivation, biological adaptations, and life changes for these workers. This study assessed quality of life, the sleep, and the health of 30 air traffic controllers employed at an international airport in Brazil. The objective was to identify health and quality of life concerns of these professionals. The results identified physical inactivity, overweight, excess body fat, low scores for physical and social relationships, and sleep deprivation for workers in all four workshifts...
August 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Luenda E Charles, Desta Fekedulegn, Cecil M Burchfiel, Tara A Hartley, Michael E Andrew, John M Violanti, Diane B Miller
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between shiftwork and diurnal salivary cortisol among 319 police officers (77.7% men). METHODS: Information on shiftwork was obtained from the City of Buffalo, NY electronic payroll records. Saliva was collected using Salivettes at seven time points and analyzed for free cortisol concentrations (nmol/L) using a chemiluminescence immunoassay. Mean slopes and areas under the curve were compared across shift schedule using analysis of variance (ANOVA)/analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)...
June 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Marcello Campagna, Emanuela Locci, Roberto Piras, Antonio Noto, Luigi Isaia Lecca, Ilaria Pilia, Pierluigi Cocco, Ernesto d'Aloja, Paola Scano
OBJECTIVES: (1)H NMR-metabolomic approach was used to investigate QTc interval correlation with plasma metabolic profiles in shiftworkers. METHODS: Socio-demographic data, electrocardiographic QTc interval and plasma metabolic profiles from 32 male shiftworkers, were correlated by multivariate regression analysis. RESULTS: We found a positive correlation between QTc interval values, body mass index, glycemia and lactate level and a negative correlation between QTc interval and both pyroglutamate and 3-hydroxybutyrate plasma level...
November 2016: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
Anthony H Tsang, Mariana Astiz, Maureen Friedrichs, Henrik Oster
Endogenous circadian clocks regulate 24-h rhythms of behavior and physiology to align with external time. The endocrine system serves as a major clock output to regulate various biological processes. Recent findings suggest that some of the rhythmic hormones can also provide feedback to the circadian system at various levels, thus contributing to maintaining the robustness of endogenous rhythmicity. This delicate balance of clock-hormone interaction is vulnerable to modern lifestyle factors such as shiftwork or high-calorie diets, altering physiological set points...
July 2016: Journal of Endocrinology
Velibor Peters, Inge Houkes, Angelique E de Rijk, Philip L Bohle, Josephine A Engels, Frans J N Nijhuis
BACKGROUND: Shiftwork is a major job demand for nurses and has been related to various negative consequences. Research suggests that personal and job resources moderate the impact of work schedules on stress, health and well-being. OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study examined whether the interactions of personal and job resources with work schedule demands predicted work engagement and emotional exhaustion in nursing. DESIGN: This longitudinal study included two waves of data collection with a one year follow-up using self-report questionnaires among 247 nurses working shifts or irregular working hours in residential care for the elderly in the Netherlands...
June 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"