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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243145/the-first-consensus-statement-on-one-anastomosis-mini-gastric-bypass-oagb-mgb-using-a-modified-delphi-approach
#1
Kamal K Mahawar, Jacques Himpens, Scott A Shikora, Jean-Marc Chevallier, Mufazzal Lakdawala, Maurizio De Luca, Rudolf Weiner, Ali Khammas, Kuldeepak Singh Kular, Mario Musella, Gerhard Prager, Mohammad Khalid Mirza, Miguel Carbajo, Lilian Kow, Wei-Jei Lee, Peter K Small
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of surgeons worldwide are now performing one anastomosis/mini gastric bypass (OAGB/MGB). Lack of a published consensus amongst experts may be hindering progress and affecting outcomes. This paper reports results from the first modified Delphi consensus building exercise on this procedure. METHODS: A committee of 16 recognised opinion-makers in bariatric surgery with special interest in OAGB/MGB was constituted. The committee invited 101 OAGB/MGB experts from 39 countries to vote on 55 statements in areas of controversy or variation associated with this procedure...
December 14, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241881/ispor-code-of-ethics-2017-4th-edition
#2
Jessica Santos, Francis Palumbo, Elizabeth Molsen-David, Richard J Willke, Louise Binder, Michael Drummond, Anita Ho, William D Marder, Louise Parmenter, Gurmit Sandhu, Asrul A Shafie, David Thompson
As the leading health economics and outcomes research (HEOR) professional society, ISPOR has a responsibility to establish a uniform, harmonized international code for ethical conduct. ISPOR has updated its 2008 Code of Ethics to reflect the current research environment. This code addresses what is acceptable and unacceptable in research, from inception to the dissemination of its results. There are nine chapters: 1 - Introduction; 2 - Ethical Principles respect, beneficence and justice with reference to a non-exhaustive compilation of international, regional, and country-specific guidelines and standards; 3 - Scope HEOR definitions and how HEOR and the Code relate to other research fields; 4 - Research Design Considerations primary and secondary data related issues, e...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223749/egg-freezing-for-age-related-fertility-decline
#3
Julio Saumet, Angel Petropanagos, Karen Buzaglo, Eileen McMahon, Gunwant Warraich, Neal Mahutte
OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive review and evidence based recommendations for Canadian fertility centres that offer social egg freezing. OUTCOMES: In social egg freezing cycles we evaluated thawed oocyte survival rates, fertilization rates, embryo quality, pregnancy rates, and live birth rates. We also review how these outcomes are impacted by age, ovarian reserve, and the number of eggs cryopreserved. Finally, we discuss the risks of social egg freezing, the alternatives, the critical elements for counselling and informed consent, and future reporting of egg freezing outcome data...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221877/guide-to-research-in-academic-global-surgery-a-statement-of-the-society-of-university-surgeons-global-academic-surgery-committee
#4
Saurabh Saluja, Benedict Nwomeh, Samuel R G Finlayson, AiXuan L Holterman, Randeep S Jawa, Sudha Jayaraman, Catherine Juillard, Sanjay Krishnaswami, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Jennifer Rickard, Thomas G Weiser, George P Yang, Mark G Shrime
Global surgery is an emerging academic discipline that is developing in tandem with numerous policy and advocacy initiatives. In this regard, academic global surgery will be crucial for measuring the progress toward improving surgical care worldwide. However, as a nascent academic discipline, there must be rigorous standards for the quality of work that emerges from this field. In this white paper, which reflects the opinion of the Global Academic Surgery Committee of the Society for University Surgeons, we discuss the importance of research in global surgery, the methodologies that can be used in such research, and the challenges and benefits associated with carrying out this research...
December 5, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211383/perspectives-of-key-stakeholders-and-experts-in-infant-feeding-on-the-implementation-of-the-australian-national-breastfeeding-strategy-2010-2015
#5
Naomi S Hull, Lisa C Schubert, Julie P Smith
Breastfeeding is widely accepted as an important public health issue for babies and their mothers. Yet, despite this, Australia continues to struggle with reaching global targets for breastfeeding indicators. In 2007, the Best Start Parliamentary Inquiry Report was released and set the stage for the Australian National Breastfeeding Strategy [2010-2015), which was announced in November 2009, with the vision to increase Australia's breastfeeding rates of infants at 6 months of age and beyond. The aim of this research project was to explore the perspectives of key stakeholders in the field of infant feeding in Australia on the implementation of the strategy, barriers and enablers to its successful implementation and actions that were still needed...
March 2017: Breastfeeding Review: Professional Publication of the Nursing Mothers' Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203035/-perspective-of-the-transition-from-reusable-instruments-to-single-use-ancillary-in-orthopedic-surgery
#6
J Steelandt, T Vaillant, C Duhamel, S Haghighat, J-M Féron, P Paubel, A-L Cordonnier
OBJECTIVES: Since 2009, single-use (SU) ancillaries for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been marketed to replace reusable ancillaries. The concept is not innovative but their use in orthopedics is still uncommon. An assessment has been done for the use of SU ancillary in Assistance publique-hôpitaux de Paris with the consequences for the patient, the surgeon and the hospital. METHODS: A technical and a clinical review has been done with those devices in 2015...
December 1, 2017: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202968/child-rearing-ability-and-the-provision-of-fertility-services-an-ethics-committee-opinion
#7
(no author information available yet)
Fertility programs may withhold services from prospective patients on the basis of well-grounded reasons that those patients will be unable to provide minimally adequate or safe care for offspring. This document was reviewed and updated; this version replaces the previous version of this document, last published July 2013 (Fertil Steril 2013;100:50-53).
December 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197834/study-protocol-for-statin-web-based-investigation-of-side-effects-statinwise-a-series-of-randomised-controlled-n-of-1-trials-comparing-atorvastatin-and-placebo-in-uk-primary-care
#8
Emily Herrett, Elizabeth Williamson, Danielle Beaumont, Danielle Prowse, Nabila Youssouf, Kieran Brack, Jane Armitage, Ben Goldacre, Thomas MacDonald, Tjeerd van Staa, Ian Roberts, Haleema Shakur-Still, Liam Smeeth
INTRODUCTION: Statins are effective at preventing cardiovascular disease, widely prescribed and their use is growing. Uncertainty persists about whether they cause symptomatic muscle adverse effects, such as pain and weakness, in the absence of statin myopathy. Discrepancies between data from observational studies, which suggest statins are associated with excess muscle symptoms, and from randomised trials, which suggest no such excess, have caused confusion. N-of-1 trials offer the opportunity to establish whether muscle symptoms during statin use are caused by statins in particular individuals...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189694/committee-opinion-no-726-hospital-disaster-preparedness-for-obstetricians-and-facilities-providing-maternity-care
#9
(no author information available yet)
Large-scale catastrophic events and infectious disease outbreaks highlight the need for disaster planning at all community levels. Features unique to the obstetric population (including antepartum, intrapartum, postpartum and neonatal care) warrant special consideration in the event of a disaster. Pregnancy increases the risks of untoward outcomes from various infectious diseases. Trauma during pregnancy presents anatomic and physiologic considerations that often can require increased use of resources such as higher rates of cesarean delivery...
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189692/committee-opinion-no-726-summary-hospital-disaster-preparedness-for-obstetricians-and-facilities-providing-maternity-care
#10
(no author information available yet)
Large-scale catastrophic events and infectious disease outbreaks highlight the need for disaster planning at all community levels. Features unique to the obstetric population (including antepartum, intrapartum, postpartum and neonatal care) warrant special consideration in the event of a disaster. Pregnancy increases the risks of untoward outcomes from various infectious diseases. Trauma during pregnancy presents anatomic and physiologic considerations that often can require increased use of resources such as higher rates of cesarean delivery...
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189133/risk-assessment-and-monitoring-of-antibody-responses-to-biosimilars-in-chronic-inflammatory-diseases
#11
Iris Detrez, Ann Gils
BACKGROUND: The expiry of the patent of several leading biological medicinal products has led to a surge in the development of 'biosimilar' products. In contrast to generic small-molecule medicines, biosimilars are not identical to their reference medicinal products. METHODS: Full comparability in quality as well as in preclinical and clinical issues is required to register a biosimilar. Since immunogenicity is key for biological medicinal products, regulatory authorities in the European Union require antidrug antibody (ADA) responses to be evaluated and to be approached from a safety perspective...
November 29, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181243/development-and-cross-cultural-validation-of-the-korean-version-of-smartphone-s-usability-heuristics-smash
#12
Yeo Won Jeong, Jung A Kim
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop and cross-culturally validate the Korean version of SMArtphone's uSability Heuristics (K-SMASH). Methods: In the study, it was used the adaptation process consisted of five stages, namely, translation, synthesis, back translation, expert committee review, and pretesting. In the pretesting stage, a mobile application, using the prefinal K-SMASH, was evaluated for the severity of usability problems by three experts in computer science and informatics...
October 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179709/measuring-inconsistency-in-research-ethics-committee-review
#13
Samantha Trace, Simon Erik Kolstoe
BACKGROUND: The review of human participant research by Research Ethics Committees (RECs) or Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) is a complex multi-faceted process that cannot be reduced to an algorithm. However, this does not give RECs/ IRBs permission to be inconsistent in their specific requirements to researchers or in their final opinions. In England the Health Research Authority (HRA) coordinates 67 committees, and has adopted a consistency improvement plan including a process called "Shared Ethical Debate" (ShED) where multiple committees review the same project...
November 28, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174501/active-surveillance-for-low-and-intermediate-risk-prostate-cancer-opinions-of-north-american-genitourinary-oncology-expert-radiation-oncologists
#14
Shearwood McClelland, Kiri A Sandler, Catherine Degnin, Yiyi Chen, Timur Mitin
INTRODUCTION: The ProtecT trial has provided level 1 evidence supporting active surveillance for prostate cancer patients with low-risk and intermediate-risk disease. The effect of these findings on the opinions of North American genitourinary (GU) experts regarding the role of active surveillance for these patients has not been previously examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was distributed to 88 practicing North American GU physicians serving on decision-making committees of cooperative group research organizations...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172977/conversion-from-filgrastim-to-tbo-filgrastim-experience-of-a-large-health-care-system
#15
Foluso Agboola, Prabashni Reddy
BACKGROUND: In 2008, tbo-filgrastim was approved as a biosimilar in Europe and then approved in the United States by the FDA in 2012 as a biologic product with 1 similar indication to filgrastim. Because tbo-filgrastim was less expensive than filgrastim, and clinical information and expert opinion supported similarity, the Pharmacy & Therapeutics Committee of a large health care system approved tbo-filgrastim as the preferred granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) product in March 2014...
December 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170815/management-of-post-midurethral-sling-voiding-dysfunction-international-urogynecological-association-research-and-development-committee-opinion
#16
Tony Bazi, Manon H Kerkhof, Satoru I Takahashi, Mohamed Abdel-Fattah
Voiding dysfunction following midurethral sling procedures is not a rare event. There is no current consensus regarding management of this complication. Although it is often transient and self-limiting, chronic post-midurethral sling voiding dysfunction may lead to irreversible changes affecting detrusor function. Initial management includes intermittent catheterization, and addressing circumstantial factors interfering with normal voiding, such as pain. Early sling mobilization often resolves the dysfunction, and is associated with minimal morbidity...
November 23, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170288/midwife-or-doctor-local-opinion-leader-to-implement-a-national-guideline-in-babies-on-postnatal-wards-design-protocol-of-a-cluster-randomised-blinded-controlled-trial
#17
Jane Marie Alsweiler, Caroline A Crowther, Jane E Harding
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal hypoglycaemia is a common condition that can cause developmental delay. Treatment of neonatal hypoglycaemia with oral dextrose gel has been shown to reverse hypoglycaemia and reduce admissions to neonatal intensive care for hypoglycaemia. An evidence-based clinical practice guideline was written to guide the use of dextrose gel to treat neonatal hypoglycaemia in New Zealand. However, it is unclear what clinical discipline might most effectively lead the implementation of the guideline recommendations...
November 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166245/evidence-supporting-li-rads-major-features-for-ct-and-mr-imaging-based-diagnosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-systematic-review
#18
An Tang, Mustafa R Bashir, Michael T Corwin, Irene Cruite, Christoph F Dietrich, Richard K G Do, Eric C Ehman, Kathryn J Fowler, Hero K Hussain, Reena C Jha, Adib R Karam, Adrija Mamidipalli, Robert M Marks, Donald G Mitchell, Tara A Morgan, Michael A Ohliger, Amol Shah, Kim-Nhien Vu, Claude B Sirlin
The Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) standardizes the interpretation, reporting, and data collection for imaging examinations in patients at risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It assigns category codes reflecting relative probability of HCC to imaging-detected liver observations based on major and ancillary imaging features. LI-RADS also includes imaging features suggesting malignancy other than HCC. Supported and endorsed by the American College of Radiology (ACR), the system has been developed by a committee of radiologists, hepatologists, pathologists, surgeons, lexicon experts, and ACR staff, with input from the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Organ Procurement Transplantation Network/United Network for Organ Sharing...
November 21, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163327/the-state-of-neurocritical-care-fellowship-training-and-attitudes-toward-accreditation-and-certification-a-survey-of-neurocritical-care-fellowship-program-directors
#19
Rajat Dhar, Venkatakrishna Rajajee, Anna Finley Caulfield, Matthew B Maas, Michael L James, Avinash Bhargava Kumar, Stephen A Figueroa, David McDonagh, Agnieszka Ardelt
Neurocritical care as a recognized and distinct subspecialty of critical care has grown remarkably since its inception in the 1980s. As of 2016, there were 61 fellowship training programs accredited by the United Council for Neurologic Subspecialties (UCNS) in the United States and more than 1,000 UCNS-certified neurointensivists from diverse medical backgrounds. In late 2015, the Program Accreditation, Physician Certification, and Fellowship Training (PACT) Committee of the Neurocritical Care Society (NCS) was convened to promote and support excellence in the training and certification of neurointensivists...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149505/an-international-continence-society-ics-report-on-the-terminology-for-adult-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-anlutd
#20
Jerzy B Gajewski, Brigitte Schurch, Rizwan Hamid, Márcio Averbeck, Ryuji Sakakibara, Enrico F Agrò, Tamara Dickinson, Christopher K Payne, Marcus J Drake, Bernie T Haylen
INTRODUCTION: The terminology for adult neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (ANLUTD) should be defined and organized in a clinically based consensus Report. METHODS: This Report has been created by a Working Group under the auspices and guidelines of the International Continence Society (ICS) Standardization Steering Committee (SSC) assisted at intervals by external referees. All relevant definitions for ANLUTD were updated on the basis of research over the last 14 years...
November 17, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
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