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Microchip implant

Richard F Neville, Samit K Gupta, David J Kuraguntla
OBJECTIVE: Prosthetic grafts used for lower extremity revascularization and dialysis access fail because of hyperplastic stenosis and thrombosis. Graft surveillance is advocated to monitor function; however, graft failure can occur between episodic examinations. An innovative sensor with wireless, microchip technology allows automated surveillance with assessment of graft function using a "cloud"-based algorithm. We performed proof-of-concept experiments with in vitro and in vivo models to assess the feasibility such a real-time graft surveillance system...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Tsung-Ting Shih, I-Hsiang Hsu, Ping-Hung Chen, Shun-Niang Chen, Sheng-Hao Tseng, Ming-Jay Deng, Yang-Wei Lin, Yuh-Chang Sun
This paper describes a fabrication protocol for a dipole-assisted solid phase extraction (SPE) microchip available for trace metal analysis in water samples. A brief overview of the evolution of chip-based SPE techniques is provided. This is followed by an introduction to specific polymeric materials and their role in SPE. To develop an innovative dipole-assisted SPE technique, a chlorine (Cl)-containing SPE functionality was implanted into a poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) microchip. Herein, diverse analytical techniques including contact angle analysis, Raman spectroscopic analysis, and laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) analysis were employed to validate the utility of the implantation protocol of the C-Cl moieties on the PMMA...
August 7, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Amory Koch, Jatinder Gulani, Gregory King, Kevin Hieber, Mark Chappell, Natalia Ossetrova
Acute radiation sickness (ARS) following exposure to ionizing irradiation is characterized by radiation-induced multiorgan dysfunction/failure that refers to progressive dysfunction of two or more organ systems, the etiological agent being radiation damage to cells and tissues over time. Radiation sensitivity data on humans and animals has made it possible to describe the signs associated with ARS. A mouse model of total-body irradiation (TBI) has previously been developed that represents the likely scenario of exposure in the human population...
2016: PloS One
Henrike Stutzki, Florian Helmhold, Max Eickenscheidt, Günther Zeck
Retinal degeneration (rd) leads to progressive photoreceptor cell death, resulting in vision loss. Stimulation of the inner-retinal neurons by neuroprosthetic implants is one of the clinically approved vision-restoration strategies, providing basic visual percepts to blind patients. However, little is understood as to what degree the degenerating retinal circuitry and the resulting aberrant hyperactivity may prevent the stimulation of physiological electrical activity. Therefore, we electrically stimulated ex vivo retinas from wild-type (wt; C57BL/6J) and blind (rd10 and rd1) mice using an implantable subretinal microchip and simultaneously recorded and analyzed the retinal ganglion cell (RGC) output with a flexible microelectrode array...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
Michael H Parsons, Ronald J Sarno, Michael A Deutsch
We detail a five-stage protocol to address physical barriers and experimental limitations that have hindered routine pathogen monitoring of wild rats in urban settings. New York City potentially harbors from 2 to 32 million rats among its 8-million people. However, at a time, when people are most vulnerable to disease from over-crowdedness brought on by increased urbanization of society, the difficulty of studying wild rats has led to a paucity of ecological and epidemiological research. Challenges of safely handling animals and the difficulties of identifying individual animals and the emergence of their respective pathogen loads (timing of infection) have impeded progress...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Adam E M Eltorai, Henry Fox, Emily McGurrin, Stephanie Guang
With the objective of improving efficacy and morbidity, device manufacturers incorporate chemicals or drugs into medical implants. Using multiple reservoirs of discrete drug doses, microchips represent a new technology capable of on-demand release of various drugs over long periods of time. Herein, we review drug delivery systems, how microchips work, recent investigations, and future applications in various fields of medicine.
2016: BioMed Research International
Branden M Maxwell, Marla K Brunell, Cara H Olsen, David E Bentzel
Body temperature is a common physiologic parameter measured in both clinical and research settings, with rectal thermometry being implied as the 'gold standard.' However, rectal thermometry usually requires physical or chemical restraint, potentially causing falsely elevated readings due to animal stress. A less stressful method may eliminate this confounding variable. The current study compared 2 types of digital rectal thermometers-a calibrated digital thermometer and a common digital thermometer-with an implantable subcutaneous transponder microchip...
2016: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
Antonella Mangraviti, David Gullotti, Betty Tyler, Henry Brem
Despite recent technological advancements and promising preclinical experiments, brain tumor patients are still met with limited treatment options. Some of the barriers to clinical improvements include the systemic toxicity of cytotoxic compounds, the impedance of the blood brain barrier (BBB), and the lack of therapeutic agents that can selectively target the intracranial tumor environment. To overcome such barriers, a number of chemotherapeutic agents and nucleic acid-based therapies are rapidly being synthesized and tested as new brain tumor-targeted delivery strategies...
March 23, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Alenka Dovč, Mateja Stvarnik, Urška Mavri, Gordana Gregurić-Gračner, Iztok Tomažić
This study describes experiences obtained with microchipping of Hermann's tortoises in Slovenia. Over a period of three years, a total of 5,128 Hermann's tortoises from parental breeding stock were microchipped. Microchips were implanted subcutaneously in the left inguinal region. During the application of microchips, males were bleeding in 2.6% and females in 1.4% of the cases. Bleeding frequency was related to sex, animal size and environmental temperature at the time of microchipping. The presence of microchips was followed up over a period of several years...
March 2016: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Amely Campe, Sophia Schulz, Willa Bohnet
Although equids have had to be tagged with a transponder since 2009, breeding associations in Germany disagree as to which method is best suited for identification (with or without hot iron branding). Therefore, the aim of this systematic literature review was to gain an overview of how effective identification is using transponders and hot iron branding and as to which factors influence the success of identification. Existing literature showed that equids can be identified by means of transponders with a probability of 85-100%, whereas symbol brandings could be identified correctly in 78-89%, whole number brandings in 0-87% and single figures in 37-92% of the readings, respectively...
January 2016: Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
Henry C Lai, Ho Wing Chan, Narendra P Singh
PURPOSE: Radiofrequency identification (RFID) microchips are used to remotely identify objects, e.g. an animal in which a chip is implanted. A passive RFID microchip absorbs energy from an external source and emits a radiofrequency identification signal which is then decoded by a detector. In the present study, we investigated the effect of the radiofrequency energy emitted by a RFID microchip on human cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Molt-4 leukemia, BT474 breast cancer, and HepG2 hepatic cancer cells were exposed in vitro to RFID microchip-emitted radiofrequency field for 1 h...
2016: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Torgny Undin, Andreas Dahlin, Katarina Hörnaeus, Jonas Bergquist, Sara Bergström Lind
This study describes our efforts to study some of the mechanistic aspects of the earlier established on-surface enzymatic digestion (oSED) method. In a multitude of application areas, it has become important to be able to fully characterize and understand selective protein adsorption to biomaterial surfaces for various applications, including biomedicine (implants), nanotechnology (microchip surfaces and sensors) and materials sciences. Herein, the investigation of the mechanistic aspects was based on microdialysis catheter tubes that were flushed with controlled protein solutions mimicking the extracellular fluid of the brain...
March 7, 2016: Analyst
Jungwoo Lee, Nathaniel Kohl, Sachin Shanbhang, Biju Parekkadan
Microfluidic technologies have substantially advanced cancer research by enabling the isolation of rare circulating tumor cells (CTCs) for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. The characterization of isolated CTCs has been limited due to the difficulty in recovering and growing isolated cells with high fidelity. Here, we present a strategy that uses a 3D scaffold, integrated into a microfludic device, as a transferable substrate that can be readily isolated after device operation for serial use in vivo as a transplanted tissue bed...
December 2015: Technology
Yi Zhou, Yu Xiao, Yulei Qiu, Huipin Yuan, Clemens A van Blitterswijk, Xuedong Zhou, Xiaoming Xu, Chongyun Bao
Surface microstructure of implant materials is an essential factor for soft tissue healing around the implant. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of different microchip surface microstructures on the adhesion and proliferation of cells and bacteria. Hydroxyapatite (HA) microchips with different microstructures (linear, decussate, circular and triangular) and their polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) replica chips were prepared. Myoblast cells (C2C12), Staphylococcus aureus and Porphyromonas gingivalis were seeded on these chips to investigate the effect of different surface microstructures on the adhesion and proliferation...
October 1, 2016: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
M Tariqus Salam, Jose Luis Perez Velazquez, Roman Genov
We assess and compare the effects of both closed-loop and open-loop neurostimulation of the rat hippocampus by means of a custom low-power programmable therapeutic neurostimulation device on the suppression of spontaneous seizures in a rodent model of epilepsy. Chronic seizures were induced by intraperitoneal kainic acid injection. Two bipolar electrodes were implanted into the CA1 regions of both hippocampi. The electrodes were connected to the custom-built programmable therapeutic neurostimulation device that can trigger an electrical stimulation either in a periodic manner or upon detection of the intracerebral electroencephalographic (icEEE) seizure onset...
June 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
T Sterneberg-van der Maaten, D Turner, J Van Tilburg, J Vaarten
The mission of the CALLISTO (Companion Animals multisectoriaL interprofessionaL Interdisciplinary Strategic Think tank On zoonoses) project was to provide an overview of the current situation on the role of companion animals as a source of infectious diseases for people and food animals. It also aimed to identify knowledge and technology gaps for the most important zoonoses and propose targeted actions to reduce the risk of zoonotic diseases transmitted via companion animals. After a 3-year study, its members have developed practical recommendations for improved data collection on companion animal numbers and the mechanisms for disease surveillance in companion animals...
July 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
Jignesh V Unadkat, Michael Rothfuss, Marlin H Mickle, Ervin Sejdic, Michael L Gimbel
Microvascular anastomotic failure remains an uncommon but devastating problem. Although the implantable Doppler probe is helpful in flap monitoring, the devices are cumbersome, easily dislodged, and plagued by false-positive results. The authors have developed an implantable wireless Doppler monitor prototype from off-the-shelf components and tested it in a swine model. The wireless probe successfully distinguished between femoral vein flow, occlusion, and reflow, and wirelessly reported the different signals reliably...
July 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2015: Veterinary Record
Kaisorn L Chaichana, Leon Pinheiro, Henry Brem
Malignant gliomas, including glioblastoma and anaplastic astrocytomas, are characterized by their propensity to invade surrounding brain parenchyma, making curative resection difficult. These tumors typically recur within two centimeters of the resection cavity even after gross total removal. As a result, there has been an emphasis on developing therapeutics aimed at achieving local disease control. In this review, we will summarize the current developments in the delivery of local therapeutics, namely direct injection, convection-enhanced delivery and implantation of drug-loaded polymers, as well as the application of these therapeutics in future methods including microchip drug delivery and local gene therapy...
March 2015: Therapeutic Delivery
S Piesnack, G Oechtering, E Ludewig
OBJECTIVE: Microchips contain ferromagnetic materials, which lead to severe focal image interferences when performing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Very small animals are particularly prone to these susceptibility artifacts, which may hinder analysis of the neck-region MRI image. We investigated the impact of sequence type on the artifact's size and determined the optimal imaging parameters to minimize these artifacts. Furthermore, the minimum distance between the microchip and the spinal canal required to assess the spinal structures should be determined...
2015: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
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