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Infant OR toddler "parent training"

Lucy McGoron, Erica Hvizdos, Erika L Bocknek, Erica Montgomery, Steven J Ondersma
Parent training programs promote positive parenting and benefit low-income children, but are rarely used. Internet-based delivery may help expand the reach of parent training programs, although feasibility among low-income populations is still unclear. We examined the feasibility of internet-based parent training, in terms of internet access/use and engagement, through two studies. In Study 1, 160 parents recruited from Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) centers completed a brief paper survey regarding internet access and use (all parents received government aid)...
January 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Camilla Fontana, Camilla Menis, Nicola Pesenti, Sofia Passera, Nadia Liotto, Fabio Mosca, Paola Roggero, Monica Fumagalli
BACKGROUND: Although highly beneficial, human milk feeding is challenging in preterm infants due to adverse NICU factors for the infant and mother. AIM: To investigate the effects of an early intervention in promoting infant's human milk feeding and acquisition of full oral feeding. METHODS: This study is part of a RCT. We included preterm infants born between 25+0 and 29+6 weeks of gestational age (GA) without severe morbidities, and their parents...
May 3, 2018: Early Human Development
Ivette Cejas, Christine M Mitchell, Michael Hoffman, Alexandra L Quittner
OBJECTIVES: To make longitudinal comparisons of intelligence quotient (IQ) in children with cochlear implants (CIs) and typical hearing peers from early in development to the school-age period. Children with additional comorbidities and CIs were also evaluated. To estimate the impact of socioeconomic status and oral language on school-age cognitive performance. DESIGN: This longitudinal study evaluated nonverbal IQ in a multicenter, national sample of 147 children with CIs and 75 typically hearing peers...
April 5, 2018: Ear and Hearing
Kim Angeles Gärtner, Verena Clara Vetter, Michaela Schäferling, Gitta Reuner, Silke Hertel
BACKGROUND: Preterm children have an increased risk regarding self-regulation development. Given the strong link between parenting behaviour (i.e., scaffolding and sensitivity) and children's self-regulation, parental training presents a promising way to counteract the negative consequences of preterm birth. AIMS: We explored the effectiveness of parental training by comparing a basic scaffolding training and a combined scaffolding/sensitivity training to an active treatment-control group (stress management)...
March 30, 2018: British Journal of Educational Psychology
Annie R Petteys, Dominique Adoumie
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Experiences of premature birth and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalizations result in stress and family separation that have far-reaching implications. Prior studies of neonatal neurodevelopmental care show improved infant outcomes. Previous studies of mindfulness show improved stress and health outcomes in varied disease processes. No neonatal studies of parent training in mindfulness-based neurodevelopmental care exist. This study examines the impact of parent education and participation in mindfulness-based neurodevelopmental care on parent outcomes (stress, bonding, and satisfaction) and infant length of stay (LOS)...
April 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Giovanni Ramos, Angela M Blizzard, Nicole E Barroso, Daniel M Bagner
In the U.S., there is a growing Latino population, in which parents primarily speak Spanish to their children. Despite the evidence that language preference is associated with level of acculturation and influences parenting practices in these families, no study has compared how Spanish-and English-speaking Latino families acquire and utilize the skills taught during parent-training programs such as Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT). Twenty-seven mother-infant Latino dyads received a home-based adaptation of the Child-Directed Interaction (CDI) phase of PCIT as part of a larger randomized control trial...
January 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Lauren H Hampton, Ann P Kaiser, Megan Y Roberts
OBJECTIVES: The current study is a 1-year follow-up analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial of Enhanced Milieu Teaching (EMT) for toddlers with language delays. Outcomes and predictors of child language and parent intervention implementation were examined 6 and 12 months after the end of the intervention. METHODS: Toddlers with language delays were recruited from the community, and 97 toddlers and parents were randomly assigned to receive usual community treatments or a 3-month EMT intervention with parent training...
November 2017: Pediatrics
Angela M Blizzard, Nicole E Barroso, Francisco G Ramos, Paulo A Graziano, Daniel M Bagner
Behavioral parent training (BPT) and attachment interventions have demonstrated efficacy in improving outcomes for young children. Despite theoretical overlap in these approaches, the literature has evolved separately, particularly with respect to outcome measurement in BPT. We examined the impact of the Infant Behavior Program (IBP), a brief home-based adaptation of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy, on changes in attachment-based caregiving behaviors (sensitivity, warmth, and intrusiveness) at postintervention and 3- and 6-month follow-ups during a videotaped infant-led play...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Concettina Tina Tolomeo, Nili E Major, Mary V Szondy, Alia Bazzy-Asaad
OBJECTIVES: At our institution, there is a six bed Pediatric Respiratory Care Unit for technology dependent infants and children with a tracheostomy tube. A lack of consistency in patient care and parent/guardian education prompted our group to critically evaluate the services we provided by revisiting our teaching protocol and instituting a new model of care in the Unit. The aims of this quality improvement (QI) project were to standardize care and skills proficiency training to parents of infants with a tracheostomy tube in preparation for discharge to home...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Jane Barlow, Hanna Bergman, Hege Kornør, Yinghui Wei, Cathy Bennett
BACKGROUND: Emotional and behavioural problems in children are common. Research suggests that parenting has an important role to play in helping children to become well-adjusted, and that the first few months and years are especially important. Parenting programmes may have a role to play in improving the emotional and behavioural adjustment of infants and toddlers, and this review examined their effectiveness with parents and carers of young children. OBJECTIVES: 1...
August 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Aubyn C Stahmer, Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Sarah R Rieth, Julia Trigeiro Stoner, Joshua D Feder, Karyn Searcy, Tiffany Wang
Although data from parent-implemented Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Interventions have shown positive effects on decreasing core symptoms of autism, there has been limited examination of the effectiveness of Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Interventions in community settings. In addition, parent perspectives of their involvement in parent-implemented early intervention programs have not been well studied. Using both qualitative and quantitative data to examine parent perspectives and the perceived feasibility of parent training by community providers, 13 families were followed as they received training in the Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Intervention, Project ImPACT...
February 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Keila Rg Pereira, Nadia C Valentini, Raquel Saccani
BACKGROUND: Infant developmental delays have been associated with several risk factors, such as familial environmental, individual and demographic characteristics. The goal of this study was to longitudinally investigate the effects of maternal knowledge and practices, home environment and biological factors on infant motor and cognitive outcomes. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study with a sample of 49 infants from Southern Brazil. The infants were assessed three times over 4 months using the Alberta Infant Motor Scale and the Bayley Scale of Infant Development (Mental Development Scale)...
December 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Daniel M Bagner, Dainelys Garcia, Ryan Hill
Given the strong association between early behavior problems and language impairment, we examined the effect of a brief home-based adaptation of Parent-child Interaction Therapy on infant language production. Sixty infants (55% male; mean age 13.47±1.31 months) were recruited at a large urban primary care clinic and were included if their scores exceeded the 75th percentile on a brief screener of early behavior problems. Families were randomly assigned to receive the home-based parenting intervention or standard pediatric primary care...
March 2016: Behavior Therapy
Daniel M Bagner, Stefany Coxe, Gabriela M Hungerford, Dainelys Garcia, Nicole E Barroso, Jennifer Hernandez, Jose Rosa-Olivares
To meet the mental health needs of infants from high-risk families, we examined the effect of a brief home-based adaptation of Parent-child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) on improvements in infant and parent behaviors and reductions in parenting stress. Participants included 60 infants (55 % male; average age of 13.5 ± 1.31 months) who were recruited at a large urban primary care clinic and were included if their scores exceeded the 75th percentile on a brief screener of early behavior problems. Most infants were from an ethnic or racial minority background (98 %) and lived below the poverty line (60 %)...
July 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
L Konstadinidis, P Goga
The institution of parent training is not an innovation. It exists since the beginning of the previous century. Presently, the parent training programmes or the so-called parent schools in Greece are structured programmes with specific coverage and set goals, their ultimate purpose is the prevention of the mental health of the child and they belong to a variety of interventions for parents. They address to parents of infants, toddlers, children and adolescents and show several differences regarding the form, content, purpose and theoretical direction they are based on...
April 2015: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Carla Smith Stover, Christian M Connell, Leslie D Leve, Jenae M Neiderhiser, Daniel S Shaw, Laura V Scaramella, Rand Conger, David Reiss
BACKGROUND:   Previous studies have linked marital conflict, parenting, and externalizing problems in early childhood. However, these studies have not examined whether genes account for these links nor have they examined whether contextual factors such as parental personality or financial distress might account for links between marital conflict and parenting. We used an adoption design to allow for a clear examination of environmental impact rather than shared genes of parents and children, and assessments of parental personality and financial strain to assess the effects of context on relationships between marriage and parenting of both mothers and fathers...
April 2012: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Rebecca J Landa, Katherine C Holman, Allison H O'Neill, Elizabeth A Stuart
BACKGROUND: Social and communication impairments are core deficits and prognostic indicators of autism. We evaluated the impact of supplementing a comprehensive intervention with a curriculum targeting socially synchronous behavior on social outcomes of toddlers with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). METHODS: Fifty toddlers with ASD, ages 21 to 33 months, were randomized to one of two six-month interventions: Interpersonal Synchrony or Non-Interpersonal Synchrony...
January 2011: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Jane Barlow, Nadja Smailagic, Michael Ferriter, Cathy Bennett, Hannah Jones
BACKGROUND: Emotional and behavioural problems in children are common. Research suggests that parenting has an important role to play in helping children to become well-adjusted, and that the first few months and years are especially important. Parenting programmes may have a role to play in improving the emotional and behavioural adjustment of infants and toddlers. This review is applicable to parents and carers of children up to three years eleven months although some studies included children up to five years old...
March 17, 2010: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Alison Niccols
BACKGROUND: Controlling, uninvolved, and rejecting parenting in early childhood are strong predictors of later disruptive behavior disorders. However, there have been no evaluations of non-targeted groups for parents of very young children, despite their potential advantages. METHODS: We randomly assigned 79 mothers of 12- to 36-month-olds to an 8-session parent training program (called 'COPEing with Toddler Behaviour') or to a waiting list control condition. We investigated the immediate and short-term impact on parent-reported child behavior problems, observed parent-child interaction, and self-reported parenting behavior and parent functioning...
May 2009: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Joyce Magill-Evans, Margaret J Harrison, Gwen Rempel, Linda Slater
AIM: This paper reports a systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions for fathers with infants or toddlers. BACKGROUND: Nurses and other healthcare professionals work closely with families of infants and young children. This contact provides an opportunity to promote positive parent-child interactions and optimal child development. Previous research has demonstrated that interventions with mothers of infants can be effective in promoting sensitive, responsive parent-child interactions and positive child development...
July 2006: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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