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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644512/association-of-flossing-interdental-cleaning-and-periodontitis-in-adults
#1
M Soledad Cepeda, Rachel Weinstein, Clair Blacketer, Michael Lynch
AIM: Assess the association of flossing with periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) years 2011-2014. We used three categories of flossing: 0-1, 2-4, and ≥5 days in the past week and the CDC definition of periodontitis. We calculated odds ratios controlling for age, gender, smoking, drinking, income, and dentist visits. RESULTS: A total of 6939 adult subjects were included, 35% flossed ≤1 time a week and 40% had periodontitis...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642531/evidence-summary-the-relationship-between-oral-diseases-and-diabetes
#2
F D'Aiuto, D Gable, Z Syed, Y Allen, K L Wanyonyi, S White, J E Gallagher
Introduction This paper is the third of four rapid reviews undertaken to explore the relationships between oral health and general medical conditions in order to support teams within Public Health England, health practitioners and policymakers.Aims This review aimed to explore the nature of the association between poor oral health and diabetes when found in the same individuals or populations, having reviewed the most contemporary evidence in the field.Methods The reviews were undertaken by four groups each comprising consultant clinicians from medicine and dentistry, trainees, public health and academics...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640329/association-of-adverse-oral-health-outcomes-with-socioeconomic-inequalities-and-dental-needs-in-brazilian-adolescents
#3
Daniela de Rossi Figueiredo, João Luiz Bastos, Karen Glazer Peres
This study aimed to explore the relations between adverse oral outcomes and socioeconomic, demographic, and self-rated oral health variables and to describe their distribution. Principal component analysis was conducted on data from adolescents in the Brazilian National Oral Health Survey (N = 5,445). Higher loadings were found for crowding (0.6), maxillary and mandibular irregularities (0.5), and count of communitary periodontal index (CPI) sextants with bleeding and dental calculus (0.5). The mean rates for periodontal and occlusal disorders were at least two times higher in adolescents from lower income families and those reporting the need for dental prostheses, as well as those dissatisfied with their dental and overall oral health...
June 5, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638806/in-vitro-increased-respiratory-activity-of-selected-oral-bacteria-may-explain-competitive-and-collaborative-interactions-in-the-oral-microbiome
#4
Emma Hernandez-Sanabria, Vera Slomka, Esteban R Herrero, Frederiek-Maarten Kerckhof, Lynette Zaidel, Wim Teughels, Nico Boon
Understanding the driving forces behind the shifts in the ecological balance of the oral microbiota will become essential for the future management and treatment of periodontitis. As the use of competitive approaches for modulating bacterial outgrowth is unexplored in the oral ecosystem, our study aimed to investigate both the associations among groups of functional compounds and the impact of individual substrates on selected members of the oral microbiome. We employed the Phenotype Microarray high-throughput technology to analyse the microbial cellular phenotypes of 15 oral bacteria...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638551/effectiveness-of-flossing-loops-in-the-control-of-the-gingival-health
#5
Francisco Azcarate-Velázquez, Roberto Garrido-Serrano, Gabriel Castillo-Dalí, María-Angeles Serrera-Figallo, Alfonso Gañán-Calvo, Daniel Torres-Lagares
BACKGROUND: One of the key factor in the good condition of periodontal tissues is their daily hygiene. Oral hygiene techniques such brushing and a good interdental hygiene by correct flossing are very important. The aim of this study is to compare the use of dental floss in a loop vs traditional floss in the control of Loe-Silness Gingival Index (IG), Turesky´s Plaque Index (IPT), Gingival Bleeding Index (IS) and the values of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin 8 (IL-8). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A comparative study of 40 patients in which each patient was his own control, using during 45 days each one of the devices (new loop floss and conventional floss) of interdental hygiene analysed...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637979/the-oral-microbiome-and-human-health
#6
Yoshihisa Yamashita, Toru Takeshita
In this brief review, we discuss our previous research on the relationship between the bacterial composition of salivary microbiota and periodontal disease. Analysis using a terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism method and an international comparison suggest that the predominance of the genera Prevotella and Veillonella in the salivary microbiota is attributable to periodontal disease conditions, and that the predominance of the genus Neisseria indicates healthy periodontal conditions. Furthermore, we recently used next-generation sequencing technology to perform a detailed large-scale analysis of the salivary microbiota...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635358/disability-and-the-impact-of-need-for-periodontal-care-on-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Maha El Tantawi, Adel AlAgl
Objective The need for periodontal care may negatively impact daily life. We compared the need for periodontal care and its impact on daily life between disabled and healthy adults in the Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. Methods In this cross-sectional study of 819 adults, a questionnaire was used to assess personal background factors; the impact of periodontitis on pain, avoiding foods, embarrassment, sleeplessness, work absence, and discontinuing daily activities; and risk factors (smoking, diabetes, toothbrushing, insurance, professional tooth cleaning, and dental visits)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633943/diet-borne-systemic-inflammation-is-associated-with-prevalent-tooth%C3%A2-loss
#8
Georgios A Kotsakis, Vanessa Chrepa, Nitin Shivappa, Michael Wirth, James Hébert, Ai Koyanagi, Stefanos Tyrovolas
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The deleterious effect of cariogenic dietary patterns on tooth loss is well characterized, but the contribution of diet-borne systemic inflammation to loss of teeth remains uncharted. Recent efforts have unveiled a protective role of single nutrients to periodontal health. However, the assessment of overall diet as a modifiable risk factor for oral health remains elusive. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the association between diet-borne systemic inflammation and tooth loss in a representative sample of the US adult non-institutionalized population...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633647/meeting-the-oral-health-needs-of-12-year-olds-in-china-human-resources-for-oral-health
#9
Xiangyu Sun, Eduardo Bernabé, Xuenan Liu, Shuguo Zheng, Jennifer E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: An appropriate level of human resources for oral health [HROH] is required to meet the oral health needs of population, and enable maximum improvement in health outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the required HROH to meet the oral health needs of the World Health Organization [WHO] reference group of 12-year-olds in China and consider the implications for education, practice, policy and HROH nationally. METHODS: We estimated the need of HROH to meet the needs of 12-year-olds based on secondary analysis of the epidemiological and questionnaire data from the 3rd Chinese National Oral Health Survey, including caries experience and periodontal factors (calculus), dentally-related behaviour (frequency of toothbrushing and sugar intake), and social factors (parental education)...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632755/potassium-is-a-key-signal-in-host-microbiome-dysbiosis-in-periodontitis
#10
Susan Yost, Ana E Duran-Pinedo, Keerthana Krishnan, Jorge Frias-Lopez
Dysbiosis, or the imbalance in the structural and/or functional properties of the microbiome, is at the origin of important infectious inflammatory diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and periodontal disease. Periodontitis is a polymicrobial inflammatory disease that affects a large proportion of the world's population and has been associated with a wide variety of systemic health conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Dysbiosis has been identified as a key element in the development of the disease...
June 20, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631250/lactobacillus-salivarius-nk02-a-potent-probiotic-for-clinical-application-in-mouthwash
#11
Neda Sajedinejad, Mojgan Paknejad, Behzad Houshmand, Hakimeh Sharafi, Reza Jelodar, Hossein Shahbani Zahiri, Kambiz Akbari Noghabi
A specific strain of naturally occurring oral lactobacilli was isolated and identified based on morphological, biochemical, and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The phylogenetic affiliation of the isolate confirmed that the NK02 strain had close association with the Lactobacillus salivarius. An effective mouthwash was developed for treatment of periodontitis and suppression of the indicator bacterium Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans which is an obvious pathogen of periodontal disease. The mouthwash containing L...
June 19, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629781/position-paper-for-the-evaluation-and-management-of-oral-status-in-patients-with-valvular-disease-groupe-de-travail-valvulopathies-de-la-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-cardiologie-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-chirurgie-orale-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-parodontologie-et-d-implantologie
#12
REVIEW
Sarah Millot, Philippe Lesclous, Marie-Laure Colombier, Loredana Radoi, Clément Messeca, Mathieu Ballanger, Jean-Luc Charrier, Philippe Tramba, Stéphane Simon, Alain Berrebi, Fabien Doguet, Emmanuel Lansac, Christophe Tribouilloy, Gilbert Habib, Xavier Duval, Bernard Iung
Oral health is of particular importance in patients with heart valve diseases because of the risk of infective endocarditis. Recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis before dental procedures have been restricted, but the modalities of oral evaluation and dental care are not detailed in guidelines. Therefore, a multidisciplinary working group reviewed the literature to propose detailed approaches for the evaluation and management of buccodental status in patients with valvular disease. Simple questions asked by a non-dental specialist may draw attention to buccodental diseases...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626895/khat-chewing-habit-produces-a-significant-adverse-effect-on%C3%A2-periodontal-oral-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
M S Al-Akhali, E A Al-Moraissi
Although there is a general agreement that a khat chewing habit produces clinicopathological changes in the oral mucosa. However there is no reliable evidence of the effects of a khat chewing habit on the periodontal tissues. Thus, authors aimed to investigate the influence of khat chewing habits on periodontal, oral health, by comparing khat chewers to non-chewers in respect of gingival recession, periodontal pocketing depth and loss of attachment. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623321/dysbiosis-in-chronic-periodontitis-key-microbial-players-and-interactions-with-the-human-host
#14
Zhi-Luo Deng, Szymon P Szafrański, Michael Jarek, Sabin Bhuju, Irene Wagner-Döbler
Periodontitis is an extremely prevalent disease worldwide and is driven by complex dysbiotic microbiota. Here we analyzed the transcriptional activity of the periodontal pocket microbiota from all domains of life as well as the human host in health and chronic periodontitis. Bacteria showed strong enrichment of 18 KEGG functional modules in chronic periodontitis, including bacterial chemotaxis, flagellar assembly, type III secretion system, type III CRISPR-Cas system, and two component system proteins. Upregulation of these functions was driven by the red-complex pathogens and candidate pathogens, e...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617616/the-role-of-nrf2-in-the-regulation-of-periodontal-health-and-disease
#15
A V Chiu, M Al Saigh, C A McCulloch, M Glogauer
Immune-related disease tolerance is an important defense strategy that facilitates the maintenance of health in organs and tissues that are commonly colonized by bacteria. Immune tolerance to dysbiotic, tooth-borne biofilms is a poorly understood yet clinically relevant concept in the immunopathological mechanisms that are involved in the pathogenesis of periodontitis, particularly those related to neutrophil and macrophage responses. In periodontal health, neutrophils and macrophages respond to the formation of pathogenic bacterial biofilms by the production of bactericidal reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614510/relationship-between-risk-classifications-used-to-organize-the-demand-for-oral-health-in-a-small-city-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#16
João Peres, Karine Laura Cortellazzi Mendes, Ronaldo Seichi Wada, Maria da Luz Rosario de Sousa
Oral health teams can work with both information of the people related to the family context as individual epidemiological through risk ratings, considering equity and service organization. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the association between tools that classify individual and family risk. The study group consisted of students from the age group of 5-6 years and 11-12 years who were classified regarding risk of caries and whether their parents had periodontal disease, in addition to the family risk...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613064/-status-and-analysis-of-oral-disease-burden-comparison-of-the-domestic-and-overseas-data
#17
Y Meng, X N Liu, S G Zheng
At present, it has been regarded that oral disease was one of the most prevalent problems for people's general health around the world. Oral disease burden study focuses on the pressure and effect of oral diseases to the whole social economy and people's health. Oral disease burden, as a public health problem, needs to be attached importance in China and foreign countries. By means of retrieving the literature, this review article summarizes the progress of domestic and oversea studies on oral disease burden, analyses the epidemiological burden through the indicators such as the prevalence rate, decayed missing and filled teeth, disability adjusted life years, disability weights, and illustrates the economic burden of oral diseases by using part of the data...
June 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611323/evaluation-of-gingival-blood-as-a-minimally-invasive-screening-tool-for-diabetes-mellitus-among-40-59-year-old-adults-in-dental-clinics-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Indumathi K Partheeban, Preetha Chaly, Indra Priyadarshni, Mohammed Junaid, J E Nijesh, S Vaishnavi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a quick, safe, and minimally invasive method to screen for diabetes using gingival blood with the help of self-monitoring glucometer during periodontal examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hospital-based, cross-sectional comparative study was conducted among 40-59-year-old diabetic and nondiabetic population who had come for their master health examination to a private tertiary care hospital (Global Hospital and Health City) in Chennai. Among them, those who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were selected for the study...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610404/effects-of-tobacco-on-salivary-antioxidative-and-immunologic-systems
#19
Fateme Arbabi-Kalati, Saeede Salimi, Saeede Nabavi, Sahebdad Rigi, Masoud Miri-Moghaddam
Background: Tobacco use is a harmful habit that causes adverse effects on oral health and plays a most important role in cancer development. Saliva is the first fluid that is exposed to tobacco and its antioxidant system plays an important role in anti-cancer potential; therefore, this study was designed to compare the antioxidant activity and immunologic system of saliva in tobacco users (smokers and smokeless tobacco users) and non-users. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, unstimulated saliva samples of 75 healthy individuals from three equal groups were investigated...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606331/the-chronology-of-the-radiographic-visibility-of-the-periodontal-ligament-and-the-root-pulp-in-the-lower-third-molars
#20
M Timme, W H Timme, A Olze, C Ottow, S Ribbecke, H Pfeiffer, R Dettmeyer, A Schmeling
Eruption and mineralization of third molars are the main criteria for dental age estimation in living adolescents. As the validation of completion of the 18th year of life appears not to be possible with the forensically necessary probability even if all the third molars of a person are completely mineralized, degenerative dental characteristics might be used for this purpose. In previous publications by Olze et al. (2010a,b) the radiographic visibility of the periodontal ligament and the root pulp in lower third molars were suggested as methods for this purpose...
July 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
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