keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

periodontal health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240240/a-randomised-clinical-study-to-determine-the-effect-of-a-toothpaste-containing-enzymes-and-proteins-on-plaque-oral-microbiome-ecology
#1
S E Adams, D Arnold, B Murphy, P Carroll, A K Green, A M Smith, P D Marsh, T Chen, R E Marriott, M G Brading
The numerous species that make up the oral microbiome are now understood to play a key role in establishment and maintenance of oral health. The ability to taxonomically identify community members at the species level is important to elucidating its diversity and association to health and disease. We report the overall ecological effects of using a toothpaste containing enzymes and proteins compared to a control toothpaste on the plaque microbiome. The results reported here demonstrate that a toothpaste containing enzymes and proteins can augment natural salivary defences to promote an overall community shift resulting in an increase in bacteria associated with gum health and a concomitant decrease in those associated with periodontal disease...
February 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229852/-treatment-goals-in-face-philosophy
#2
Domingo Martin, Amaia Maté, Paula Zabalegui, Jaime Valenzuela
INTRODUCTION: The FACE philosophy is characterized by clearly defined treatment goals: facial esthetics, dental esthetics, periodontal health, functional occlusion, neuromuscular mechanism and joint function. The purpose is to establish ideal occlusion with good facial esthetics and an orthopedic stable joint position. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors present all the concepts of FACE philosophy and illustrate them through one case report. RESULTS: Taking into account all the FACE philosophy concepts increases diagnostic ability and improves the quality and stability of treatment outcomes...
March 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218959/survival-and-periapical-health-after-root-canal-treatment-with-carrier-based-root-fillings-5-year-retrospective-assessment
#3
C Pirani, S Friedman, M R Gatto, F Iacono, V Tinarelli, M G Gandolfi, C Prati
AIM: This retrospective study explored survival and periapical healing outcomes in root filled teeth with Thermafil obturators. METHODOLOGY: Root canals of 213 teeth (94 subjects, mean age 48±13 years), instrumented with a step-down technique, irrigated with 5% NaOCl and 10% EDTA and filled with Thermafil and AH-Plus sealer, were involved in a Recall programme. Teeth were retrospectively reexamined after 5±1 years in a controlled environment. Clinical and radiographic data that were collected included: preoperative Periapical Index (PAI) score and signs/symptoms, treatment type, root filling length and presence/absence of voids, restoration type, follow-up PAI score and signs/symptoms...
February 20, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217544/assessment-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-on-fixed-dose-combinations-among-postgraduate-dental-students
#4
Narayana R Vinnakota, V Krishna, V Viswanath, Zaheer Ahmed, Kamal S Shaik, Naveen K Boppana
AIM: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of fixed dose combination drugs among postgraduate dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among postgraduate dental students of dental colleges in coastal Andhra Pradesh. Three colleges were randomly selected and students of all the three years were included. Data was collected from the specialities of oral medicine and radiology, oral surgery, endodontics, pedodontics, periodontics, and public health dentistry...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212615/molecular-pathways-underlying-inhibitory-effect-of-antimicrobial-peptide-nal-p-113-on-bacteria-biofilms-formation-of-porphyromonas-gingivalis-w83-by-dna-microarray
#5
Hong-Yan Wang, Li Lin, Li-Si Tan, Hui-Yuan Yu, Jya-Wei Cheng, Ya-Ping Pan
BACKGROUND: Wound-related infection remains a major challenge for health professionals. One disadvantage in conventional antibiotics is their inability to penetrate biofilms, the main protective strategy for bacteria to evade irradiation. Previously, we have shown that synthetic antimicrobial peptides could inhibit bacterial biofilms formation. RESULTS: In this study, we first delineated how Nal-P-113, a novel antimicrobial peptide, exerted its inhibitory effects on Porphyromonas gingivalis W83 biofilms formation at a low concentration...
February 17, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209007/cognitive-ability-as-a-determinant-of-socioeconomic-and-oral-health-status-among-adolescent-college-students-of-bengaluru-india
#6
Rekha Rao Karnam, Naganandini Samapth Kumar, Shruthi Eshwar, Shravani Deolia
INTRODUCTION: Levels of oral health and economic status are unequally distributed throughout the population. Inequality has multiple causes and that the effect of Socio Economic Status (SES) and demographic factors, on oral health is mediated through several factors. Association between cognitive ability and oral health had been demonstrated in older age groups but adolescents and younger adults have received relatively little attention in this field. AIM: To establish the role of cognitive ability as a determinant of SES and oral health status among adolescent college students of Benagluru, Karnataka, India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209006/a-comparative-evaluation-of-serum-magnesium-in-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-patients-with-and-without-periodontitis-a-clinico-biochemical-study
#7
Akshatha Shetty, Rahul Bhandary, Biju Thomas, Amitha Ramesh
INTRODUCTION: Magnesium is an essential cation playing a crucial role in many physiological functions and its imbalance is associated with greater number of pathological situations. Oxidative stress is usually increased due to decreased essential nutrients. Hence, any imbalance of essential nutrients like serum magnesium can significantly play a role in the pathobiology of periodontitis in the presence of diabetes, as diabetes and chronic periodontitis are two chronic diseases that have been biologically linked...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208999/experience-from-classroom-teaching-to-clinical-practice-regarding-shortened-dental-arch-sda-concept-among-dentists-a-questionnaire-study
#8
Ritu Gupta, Ravneet Malhi, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Chandrasheker Janakiram, Venisha Pandita, Monika Prasad, Jishnu Krishna Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease and dental caries are the common oral conditions which cause loss of teeth, mostly molars. This further leads to Shortening of Dental Arch and Shortened Dental Arch (SDA) concept provides the overall requirements of functional dentition at reduced cost without compromising the health. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) towards SDA concept among dentists of Ghaziabad city (Uttar Pradesh, India)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207941/mfg-e8-inhibits-periodontitis-in-non-human-primates-and-its-gingival-crevicular-fluid-levels-can-differentiate-periodontal-health-from-disease-in-humans
#9
Tetsuhiro Kajikawa, Fatimah Meshikhes, Tomoki Maekawa, Evlambia Hajishengallis, Kavita B Hosur, Toshiharu Abe, Kevin Moss, Triantafyllos Chavakis, George Hajishengallis
AIM: We have previously shown that the secreted glycoprotein MFG-E8 has anti-inflammatory and anti-osteoclastogenic properties. Our objective was to investigate the potential of MFG-E8 as a diagnostic or therapeutic agent in periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Periodontitis was induced in non-human primates (NHPs) by placing ligatures around posterior teeth on both halves of the mandible for a split-mouth design: one side was treated with MFG-E8-Fc and the other with Fc control...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207674/latino-acculturation-and-periodontitis-status-among-mexican-origin-adults-in-the-united-states-nhanes-2009-2012
#10
Dina Garcia, Sergey Tarima, Laura Glasman, Laura D Cassidy, John Meurer, Christopher Okunseri
This study examined the association between Latino acculturation indicators (language and citizenship/nativity status) and periodontitis using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2012. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses were performed and all analyses were adjusted for the complex survey design. Results showed that 63.2% of participants had periodontitis: 9.4% mild, 37.9% moderate, and 16% severe. Language was significantly associated with periodontitis after adjusting for age, educational level, gender, usual source of care, flossing, smoking, and glycohemoglobin level (P = ...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207558/association-between-oral-health-behavior-and-periodontal-disease-among-korean-adults-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#11
Kyungdo Han, Jun-Beom Park
This study was performed to assess the association between oral health behavior and periodontal disease using nationally representative data.This study involved a cross-sectional analysis and multivariable logistic regression analysis models using the data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A community periodontal index greater than or equal to code 3 was used to define periodontal disease.Adjusted odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals of periodontitis for the toothbrushing after lunch group and the toothbrushing before bedtime group were 0...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203028/-unerupted-first-deciduous-molar-located-higher-to-the-first-premolar-a-case-report
#12
Y Zhan, H Liu
Tooth eruption is defined as the movement of a tooth from its site of development within the alveolar process to its functional position in the oral cavity. The process of tooth eruption can be divided into different phases: pre-eruptive bone stage, alveolar bone stage, mucosal stage, preocclusal stage, occlusal stage and maturation stage. Any disturbance in these phases can lead to eruptive anomalies. The incidence of unerupted teeth is usually higher among permanent teeth than among deciduous ones. Of the primary teeth reported as unerupted, second deciduous molars are the teeth most frequently involved, followed by primary central incisors...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196151/estimation-of-years-lived-with-disability-due-to-noncommunicable-diseases-and-injuries-using-a-population-representative-survey
#13
Ji In Park, Hae Hyuk Jung
The Global Burden of Disease 2010 and the WHO Global Health Estimates of years lived with disability (YLDs) uses disability-weights obtained from lay health-state descriptions, which cannot fully reflect different disease manifestations, according to severity, treatment, and environment. The aim of this study was to provide population-representative YLDs of noncommunicable diseases and injuries using a prevalence-based approach, with the disability weight measured in subjects with specific diseases or injuries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195331/comparing-self-reported-and-clinically-diagnosed-unmet-dental-treatment-needs-using-a-nationally-representative-survey
#14
J Farmer, C Ramraj, A Azarpazhooh, L Dempster, V Ravaghi, C Quiñonez
OBJECTIVES: To describe the validity and diagnostic accuracy of self-reported data compared with clinically assessed data for the ascertainment of clinical dental treatment needs in the Canadian population. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data from the Canadian Health Measures Survey (2007-2009) was undertaken. Clinical treatment needs were classified into preventive and diagnostic, restorative, endodontic, periodontic, surgical, and orthodontic categories. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (NPVs), kappa statistics and likelihood ratios (LR) were calculated to compare self-reported and clinically determined needs...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193569/analysis-of-the-expression-of-nlrp3-and-aim2-in-periapical-lesions-with-apical-periodontitis-and-microbial-analysis-outside-the-apical-segment-of-teeth
#15
Shujun Ran, Bin Liu, Shensheng Gu, Zhe Sun, Jingping Liang
OBJECTIVE: To detect the distribution and expression levels of the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) and the absent in Melanoma 2 (AIM2) inflammasomes in periapical lesions and to analyse the possible microbial stimuli outside of teeth. DESIGN: The distribution of NLRP3 and AIM2 inflammasomes in sixteen periapical lesions was investigated by immunohistochemistry. Meanwhile, the relative gene expression levels of NLRP3 and AIM2 in sixteen periapical lesions and three health periodontal tissue were quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
February 6, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190975/reduced-platelet-hyper-reactivity-and-platelet-leukocyte-aggregation-after-periodontal-therapy
#16
Efthymios Arvanitidis, Sergio Bizzarro, Elena Alvarez Rodriguez, Bruno G Loos, Elena A Nicu
BACKGROUND: Platelets from untreated periodontitis patients are hyper-reactive and form more platelet-leukocyte complexes compared to cells from individuals without periodontitis. It is not known whether the improvement of the periodontal condition achievable by therapy has beneficial effects on the platelet function. We aimed to assess the effects of periodontal therapy on platelet reactivity. METHODS: Patients with periodontitis (n = 25) but unaffected by any other medical condition or medication were included and donated blood before and after periodontal therapy...
2017: Thrombosis Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188957/factors-associated-with-perceived-unmet-dental-care-needs-of-older-adults
#17
Songi Chae, Yunhwan Lee, Jinhee Kim, Ki Hong Chun, Jeong Keun Lee
AIM: Although older adults have high dental care needs as a result of prevalent oral health problems, they have high unmet needs. The purpose of the present study was to examine factors associated with unmet dental care needs among older adults living in the community. METHODS: This study analyzed 1419 adults aged 65 years and older who participated in both the health interview survey and oral examination of the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey carried out in 2010...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188656/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-dentists-towards-oral-health-care-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-new-south-wales-australia
#18
Ajesh George, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Hannah Dahlen, Jennifer Reath, Andrew Korda, Harrison Ng Chok, Charmaine Miranda, Amy Villarosa, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: Studies internationally show a lack of consensus among dentists regarding perinatal oral health yet no studies in Australia has explored the perceptions of Dentists in this area. This study aims to determine the knowledge, perceptions and practices of dentists in New South Wales (NSW), Australia about perinatal oral health. METHOD: An online survey was distributed to 1357 members of the Australian Dental Association (NSW) and 185 (13.4%) completed surveys were returned...
February 11, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181911/molecular-diagnostics-of-periodontitis
#19
Izabela Korona-Głowniak, Radosław Siwiec, Marcin Berger, Anna Malm, Jolanta Szymańska
The microorganisms that form dental plaque are the main cause of periodontitis. Their identification and the understanding of the complex relationships and interactions that involve these microorganisms, environmental factors and the host's health status enable improvement in diagnostics and targeted therapy in patients with periodontitis. To this end, molecular diagnostics techniques (both techniques based on the polymerase chain reaction and those involving nucleic acid analysis via hybridization) come increasingly into use...
January 28, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177133/dietary-supplementation-with-low-dose-omega-3-fatty-acids-reduces-salivary-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-levels-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#20
I Keskiner, I Saygun, V Bal, M Serdar, A Kantarci
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have demonstrated the beneficial effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on physiological processes and on a variety of chronic inflammatory diseases, including periodontal diseases. In this study, we evaluated the impact of omega-3 PUFAs in conjunction with scaling and root planing (SRP) on salivary markers in patients with chronic periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty systemically healthy subjects with chronic periodontitis were enrolled and randomly allocated into two groups...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
keyword
keyword
55247
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"