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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345244/association-between-serum-and-oral-matrix-metalloproteinase-8-levels-and-periodontal-health-status
#1
B Noack, T Kipping, T Tervahartiala, T Sorsa, T Hoffmann, K Lorenz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) is involved in a wide range of pathologies including periodontitis and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The association between periodontitis and CVD has been repeatedly recognized. The aim of the study was to analyze to what extent circulating active MMP-8 (aMMP-8) is associated with periodontal disease status and oral fluid aMMP-8 levels in otherwise healthy subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, aMMP-8 was measured in serum of 59 volunteers, comprising 19 periodontally healthy subjects, 20 patients with gingivitis as well as 20 with periodontitis...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344945/an-evaluation-of-the-possible-relationship-between-chronic-periodontitis-and-hypertension
#2
M O Arowojolu, O Oladapo, O I Opeodu, S O Nwhator
BACKGROUND: Periodontal diseases have been reported to have a form of reciprocal relationship with the general systemic health, in which case those with some systemic diseases such as hypertension have poorer periodontal health and vice versa. The issue of causal or casual relationship is however yet to be finally resolved. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine any possible relationship between chronic periodontitis and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional assessment of cardiovascular risk factors such as blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference and the carotid artery intima media thickness (CIMT) was done among 100 consecutive subjects in the echocardiogram unit of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria over a period of six months...
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344574/health-associated-niche-inhabitants-as-oral-probiotics-the-case-of-streptococcus-dentisani
#3
Arantxa López-López, Anny Camelo-Castillo, María D Ferrer, Áurea Simon-Soro, Alex Mira
Oral diseases, including dental caries and periodontitis, are among the most prevalent diseases worldwide and develop as a consequence of a microbial dysbiosis. Several bacterial strains are being tested as potential oral health-promoting organisms, but usually they are species isolated from niches other than the site where they must exert its probiotic action, typically from fecal samples. We hypothesize that oral inhabitants associated to health conditions will be more effective than traditional, gut-associated probiotic species in key aspects such as colonization of the oral site where disease takes place or the possession of oral health promoting functions, as well as more practical issues like safety and toxicity, and establishing proper doses for administration...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338390/biologic-remodeling-of-periodontal-dimensions-of-areas-treated-with-gingival-augmentation-procedure-gap-a-25-year-follow-up-observation
#4
Giancarlo Agudio, Leandro Chambrone, Giovanpaolo Pini Prato
BACKGROUND: The role of keratinized tissue (KT) for maintenance of periodontal health has been debated for many years. This study assessed the long-term "biologic remodeling" of periodontal dimensions of teeth treated with free gingival grafts (FGG) compared to their adjacent/untreated teeth. METHODS: Seventy-four patients, with at least one site showing absence or a reduced amount of attached gingiva associated with gingival recession at baseline, were treated with FGG in a private practice...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338037/psychological-approaches-to-behaviour-for-improving-plaque-control
#5
Brett Duane
Data sourcesThe Cochrane Oral Health Groups Trial Register, Medline, Embase and PsycINFO.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs), controlled clinical trials (CCTs), cohort studies or case-control studies were considered. Only studies in patients aged 18 or older with pre-existing periodontal disease and clearly stating a psychological model or theory had been used were included. Studies exploring smoking cessation were not included.Data extraction and synthesisAll data were collected by a single author using pre-decided parameters...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338036/to-cord-or-not-to-cord-that-is-still-a-question
#6
Analia Veitz-Keenan, James R Keenan
Data sourcesA broad computerised search with similar key terms was performed in different databases that included: Ovid Medline, Thomson's ISI Web of Science, PubMed, Science Direct, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library. Grey literature, dissertations, abstracts and theses were searched too. Reference lists of the selected articles were hand-searched.Study selectionThe inclusion criteria included in vivo randomised clinical trials and quasi-randomised clinical trials using gingival retraction techniques with and without cord...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338023/implant-maintenance-treatment-and-peri-implant-health
#7
Mark-Steven Howe
Data sourcesMedline (PubMed), Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register databases and a manual search of the Journal of Dental Research, Journal of Clinical Periodontology, Journal of Periodontology and the International Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry from January 2014 to February 2015.Study selectionProspective, retrospective, randomised or not, case-controlled or case series trials showing the incidence or recurrence of peri-implant disease plus or minus PIMT over more than six months...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337422/the-combined-use-of-computer-guided-minimally-invasive-flapless-corticotomy-and-clear-aligners-as-a-novel-approach-to-moderate-crowding-a-case-report
#8
Michele Cassetta, Federica Altieri, Stefano Pandolfi, Matteo Giansanti
The aim of this case report was to describe an innovative orthodontic treatment method that combined surgical and orthodontic techniques. The novel method was used to achieve a positive result in a case of moderate crowding by employing a computer-guided piezocision procedure followed by the use of clear aligners. A 23-year-old woman had a malocclusion with moderate crowding. Her periodontal indices, oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), and treatment time were evaluated. The treatment included interproximal corticotomy cuts extending through the entire thickness of the cortical layer, without a full-thickness flap reflection...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336292/structural-elucidation-and-physiologic-functions-of-specialized-pro-resolving-mediators-and-their-receptors
#9
REVIEW
Nan Chiang, Charles N Serhan
The acute inflammatory response is host protective to contain foreign invaders. Many of today's pharmacopeia that block pro-inflammatory chemical mediators can cause serious unwanted side effects such as immune suppression. Uncontrolled inflammation is now considered a pathophysiologic basis associated with, many widely occurring diseases such as cardiovascular disease, neurodegenerative diseases, diabetes, obesity and asthma, as well as the classic inflammatory diseases, e.g. arthritis, periodontal diseases...
March 20, 2017: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332718/lower-risk-for-cardiovascular-mortality-for-patients-with-root-filled-teeth-in-a-finnish-population
#10
J H Meurman, S-J Janket, M Surakka, E A Jackson, L K Ackerson, H R Fakhri, S Chogle, A Walls
AIM: To investigate the relationship of radiographic evidence of root filled teeth to cardiovascular outcomes. METHODOLOGY: Baseline data for 506 subjects including 256 angiographically verified heart disease patients and 250 matched cardiologically healthy controls participating in the Kuopio Oral Health and Heart study were collected in 1995-1996. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortalities were accrued until May 31(st) 2015 and appended to the baseline data. Mortality status data were obtained from the Finnish National Death Register where all mortality cases and the causes of death are compiled for all Finnish citizens...
March 23, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329793/oral-disease-and-3-year-incidence-of-frailty-in-mexican-older-adults
#11
Roberto Carlos Castrejón-Pérez, Aida Jiménez-Corona, Eduardo Bernabé, Antonio R Villa-Romero, Elise Arrivé, Jean-François Dartigues, Luis Miguel Gutiérrez-Robledo, S Aída Borges-Yáñez
Background: Poor oral health has been associated with some components of frailty. The objective of this study was to identify the association between clinical measures of oral health and the incidence of frailty among community-dwelling older adults aged 70 or older in Mexico City. Methods: A 3-year cohort study with a probabilistic representative sample of home-dwelling elders of one district of Mexico City was performed. Baseline and follow-up interview and oral clinical evaluations were carried out by standardized examiners in participants' homes...
October 25, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328023/identification-of-microorganisms-in-biofluids-of-individuals-with-periodontitis-and-chronic-kidney-disease-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#12
Levy Anderson César Alves, Rafael Celestino Souza, Taciana Mara Couto da Silva, Andreia Watanabe, Meriellen Dias, Maria Anita Mendes, Ana Lídia Ciamponi
RATIONALE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and periodontitis (PD) are important health issues. There is a large variety of microorganisms related to the pathogenesis of periodontitis, and optimising the time and the cost of laboratory assays to detect these organisms is highly valuable in the medical field. METHODS: Bacteria were isolated from saliva and oral biofilm of 30 adolescents and young adults with definite medical and dental diagnosis of CKD and PD, respectively, and proteins were extracted for microorganism identification by means of the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS) technique...
May 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326980/gene-sequence-analyses-of-the-healthy-oral-microbiome-in-humans-and-companion-animals
#13
Eric M Davis
It has long been accepted that certain oral bacterial species are responsible for the development of periodontal disease. However, the focus of microbial and immunological research is shifting from studying the organisms associated with disease to examining the indigenous microbial inhabitants that are present in health. Microbiome refers to the aggregate genetic material of all microorganisms living in, or on, a defined habitat. Recent developments in gene sequence analysis have enabled detection and identification of bacteria from polymicrobial samples, including subgingival plaque...
June 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326737/-research-progress-on-a-nanodrug-delivery-system-for-prevention-and-control-of-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases
#14
Jiang Yaling, Feng Mingye, Cheng Lei
Dental caries and periodontal diseases are common chronic infectious diseases that cause serious damage to oral health. Bacteria is the primary factor leading to such conditions. As a dental plaque control method, chemotherapeutic agents face serious challenges in dental care because of the specific physiological and anatomical characteristics of the oral cavity. Nanodrug delivery system is a series of new drug delivery systems at nanoscale, and it can target cells, promote sustainedrelease effects, and enhance biodegradation...
February 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323587/metabolic-syndrome-and-periodontal-disease-among-civilian-pilots
#15
Xi Chen, Lu Xie, Yang Liu, Duanjing Chen, Qing Yu, Xueqi Gan, Haiyang Yu
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of metabolic abnormalities that can affect civilian pilots' health. Its prevalence and the correlation with periodontal disease (PD) among pilots had not been previously reported. The aim of the study was to determine MetS and PD status, and to reveal their relationship in a representative sample of Chinese civilian pilots. METHODS: We investigated 303 civilian pilots (mean age 34.92 ± 7.66 yr). General information as well as blood and saliva samples were collected...
December 1, 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322357/assessment-of-dental-caries-experience-and-periodontal-health-status-among-children-with-haemophilia-in-new-delhi-india-a-case-control-study
#16
Mridula Goswami, Babita Jangra
PURPOSE: To assess the caries experience and periodontal health status among children with haemophilia in New Delhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case control study was conducted in New Delhi over a 14-month period. Data were collected from 110 children, of which 55 children had haemophilia and 55 were healthy. Caries was assessed in terms of decayed, missing and filled teeth, according to WHO criteria, while periodontal health status was assessed regarding plaque present, and recorded by utilising the Silness and Löe plaque index...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321585/a-comparative-study-on-7-year-results-of-all-on-four%C3%A2-immediate-function-concept-for-completely-edentulous-mandibles-metal-ceramic-vs-bar-retained-superstructures
#17
Mustafa Ayna, Aydin Gülses, Yahya Acil
The study aims to document the clinical outcomes over a 7-year period of two techniques used for the rehabilitation of edentulous mandibles according to the "All-on-Four™" concept: (1) fixed complete-arch prostheses fabricated with metal-ceramic implant-supported fixed prosthesis with a titanium framework and all-ceramic crowns and (2) bar-retained implant-supported removable prosthesis with acrylic resin prosthetic teeth. The study was performed on 32 patients who received immediately loaded "All-on-Four™" fixed mandibular prostheses...
March 20, 2017: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317562/normal-oral-flora-and-the-oral-ecosystem
#18
REVIEW
Lakshman Samaranayake, Victor H Matsubara
The oral ecosystem comprises the oral flora, so-called oral microbiome, the different anatomic microniches of the oral cavity, and its bathing fluid, saliva. The oral microbiome comprises a group of organisms and includes bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa, and viruses. The oral microbiome exists suspended in saliva as planktonic phase organisms or attached to oral surfaces as a plaque biofilm. Homeostasis of the plaque biofilm and its symbiotic relationship with the host is critical for oral health. Disequilibrium or dysbiosis within the plaque biofilms is the initiating event that leads to major oral diseases, such as caries and periodontal disease...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317561/introduction-to-clinical-microbiology-for-the-general-dentist
#19
REVIEW
Thomas E Rams, Arie J van Winkelhoff
Clinical oral microbiology may help dental professionals identify infecting pathogenic species and evaluate their in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility. Saliva, dental plaque biofilms, mucosal smears, abscess aspirates, and soft tissue biopsies are sources of microorganisms for laboratory testing. Microbial-based treatment end points may help clinicians better identify patients in need of additional or altered dental therapies before the onset of clinical treatment failure, and help improve patient oral health outcomes...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317488/association-between-periodontal-health-status-and-cognitive-abilities-the-role-of-cytokine-profile-and-systemic-inflammation
#20
Marta Sochocka, Maciej Sobczyński, Aleksandra Sender-Janeczek, Katarzyna Zwolińska, Olga Błachowicz, Tomasz Tomczyk, Marek Ziętek, Jerzy Leszek
BACKGROUND: Contemporary neurobiology, periodontal medicine, and immunology are now focusing on the relationship between chronic periodontitis and systemic diseases, that also include Alzheimer's disease (AD). However a causative relationship between dementia and periodontitis has yet to be confirmed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine whether periodontal health status and cognitive abilities are correlated with the relative changes in systemic measures of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines as a reflection of systemic inflammation...
March 16, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
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