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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351752/prevalence-of-gingivitis-and-calculus-in-12-year-old-puerto-ricans-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Augusto R Elias-Boneta, Karol Ramirez, Sona Rivas-Tumanyan, Margarita Murillo, Milagros J Toro
BACKGROUND: Gingivitis is a common oral health problem. Untreated gingivitis may progress to periodontitis, a common cause of tooth loss. The prevalence of gingivitis and calculus among Puerto Rican children is unknown. Understanding this prevalence can support early public health preventative strategies. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of gingivitis and calculus among 12-year-old Puerto Ricans by health region and to explore differences in distribution by school type (proxy for socio-economic status) and gender...
January 19, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351551/periodontal-health-status-and-lung-function-in-two-norwegian-cohorts
#2
Antonio Manuel Pérez Barrionuevo, Francisco Gómez Real, Jannicke Igland, Ane Johannessen, Ernst Omenaas, Karl A Franklin, Laura Pérez Barrionuevo, Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm, Cecilie Svanes, Randi Jacobsen Bertelsen
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The oral cavity is united with the airways, and thus poor oral health may affect respiratory health. However, data on the interaction of periodontal and respiratory health is limited. We aimed to evaluate whether periodontal health status, assessed by the Community Periodontal Index (CPI), was related to lung function among young and middle-aged adults in two Norwegian cohorts. METHODS: Periodontal health status and lung function were measured among 656 participants in the Norwegian part of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECHRS III) and the RHINESSA offspring study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351042/secondary-alveolar-bone-grafting-in-patients-born-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-20-year-follow-up
#3
Fatemeh Jabbari, Laila Wiklander, Erika Reiser, Andreas Thor, Malin Hakelius, Daniel Nowinski
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors of oral health important for the final outcome, after secondary alveolar bone grafting in patients born with unilateral cleft lip and palate and compare occlusal radiographs with cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in assessment of alveolar bone height. DESIGN: Observational follow-up study. SETTING: Cleft Lip and Palate Team, Craniofacial Center, Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden. PATIENTS: 40 nonsyndromic, Caucasian patients with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349934/interleukin-34-levels-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-and-plasma-in-periodontal-health-and-disease-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
C N Guruprasad, A R Pradeep
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate and correlate the levels of interleukin-34 (IL-34) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and plasma in chronic periodontitis (CP) patients with and without type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: A total of 175 patients were divided into five groups: (a) group I had 35 periodontally-healthy patients; (b) group II had 35 chronic gingivitis patients; (c) group III had 35 CP patients without type-2 DM; (d) group IV had 35 CP patients with type-2 DM; and (e) group V had 35 type-2 DM patients without CP...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347943/the-factors-that-influence-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-15-year-old-children
#5
Ling Sun, Hai Ming Wong, Colman P J McGrath
BACKGROUND: Several hypotheses on factors that influence oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) have been proposed but a consensus has not been reached. This cross-sectional study aimed to analyse the sociodemographic and clinical factors that may influence the OHRQoL of 15-year-old children. METHODS: A representative sample was selected from Hong Kong. Periodontal status and caries were examined according to WHO criteria. Four orthodontic indices were used to assess malocclusion...
January 18, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346448/a-cross-sectional-study-to-estimate-prevalence-of-periodontal-disease-in-a-population-of-dogs-canis-familiaris-in-commercial-breeding-facilities-in-indiana-and-illinois
#6
Judith L Stella, Amy E Bauer, Candace C Croney
The objectives of this cross-sectional study were: 1) to estimate the prevalence and characterize the severity of periodontal disease in a population of dogs housed in commercial breeding facilities; 2) to characterize PD preventive care utilized by facility owners; and 3) to assess inter-rater reliability of a visual scoring assessment tool. Adult dogs (N = 445) representing 42 breeds at 24 CB facilities in Indiana and Illinois were assessed. Periodontal disease was scored visually using the American Veterinary Dental Collage 0-IV scale...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343164/inflammatory-and-oxidative-responses-in-pregnancies-with-obesity-and-periodontal-disease
#7
Marta Zambon, Chiara Mandò, Alessandra Lissoni, Gaia Maria Anelli, Chiara Novielli, Manuela Cardellicchio, Roberto Leone, Marta Noemi Monari, Maddalena Massari, Irene Cetin, Silvio Abati
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity is related to immunologic and inflammatory systemic modifications that may worsen the pregnancy inflammatory status. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can adversely affect oral biofilms and oral health initiating or worsening periodontal diseases, with enhanced local and systemic oxidative stress and inflammation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between local salivary and systemic parameters of oxidative stress and inflammation in relation to obesity and periodontal diseases...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342371/global-regional-and-country-level-economic-impacts-of-dental-diseases-in-2015
#8
A J Righolt, M Jevdjevic, W Marcenes, S Listl
Up-to-date information about the economic impact of dental diseases is essential for health care decision makers when seeking to make rational use of available resources. The purpose of this study was to provide up-to-date estimates for dental expenditures (direct costs) and productivity losses (indirect costs) due to dental diseases on the global, regional, and country level. Direct costs of dental diseases were estimated using a previously established systematic approach; indirect costs were estimated using an approach developed by the World Health Organization Commission on Macroeconomics and Health and factoring in 2015 values for gross domestic product and disability-adjusted life years from the Global Burden of Disease Study...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342369/added-sugar-consumption-and-chronic-oral-disease-burden-among-adolescents-in-brazil
#9
C D S Carmo, M R C Ribeiro, J X P Teixeira, C M C Alves, M M Franco, A K T C França, B B Benatti, J Cunha-Cruz, C C C Ribeiro
Chronic oral diseases are rarely studied together, especially with an emphasis on their common risk factors. This study examined the association of added sugar consumption on "chronic oral disease burden" among adolescents, with consideration of obesity and systemic inflammation pathways through structural equation modeling. A cross-sectional study was conducted of a complex random sample of adolescent students enrolled at public schools in São Luís, Brazil ( n = 405). The outcome was chronic oral disease burden, a latent variable based on the presence of probing depth ≥4 mm, bleeding on probing, caries, and clinical consequences of untreated caries...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341890/periodontal-diseases-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-is-there-a-role-for-vitamin-d
#10
REVIEW
Anne Marie Uwitonze, Peace Uwambaye, Moses Isyagi, Chrispinus H Mumena, Alice Hudder, Afrozul Haq, Kamrun Nessa, Mohammed S Razzaque
Studies have shown a relationship between maternal periodontal diseases (PDs) and premature delivery. PDs are commonly encountered oral diseases which cause progressive damage to the periodontal ligament and alveolar bones, leading to loss of teeth and oral disabilities. PDs also adversely affect general health by worsening cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Moreover, maternal PDs are thought to be related to increasing the frequency of preterm-birth with low birth weight (PBLBW) new-borns. Prematurity and immaturity are the leading causes of prenatal and infant mortality and is a major public health problem around the world...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339824/oral-microbiota-of-periodontal-health-and-disease-and-their-changes-after-nonsurgical-periodontal-therapy
#11
Casey Chen, Chris Hemme, Joan Beleno, Zhou Jason Shi, Daliang Ning, Yujia Qin, Qichao Tu, Michael Jorgensen, Zhili He, Liyou Wu, Jizhong Zhou
This study examined the microbial diversity and community assembly of oral microbiota in periodontal health and disease and after nonsurgical periodontal treatment. The V4 region of 16S rRNA gene from DNA of 238 saliva and subgingival samples of 21 healthy and 48 diseased subjects was amplified and sequenced. Among 1979 OTUs identified, 28 were overabundant in diseased plaque. Six of these taxa were also overabundant in diseased saliva. Twelve OTUs were overabundant in healthy plaque. There was a trend for disease-associated taxa to decrease and health-associated taxa to increase after treatment with notable variations among individual sites...
January 16, 2018: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339411/flagellin-glycoproteomics-of-the-periodontitis-associated-pathogen-selenomonas-sputigena-reveals-previously-not-described-o-glycans-and-rhamnose-fragment-rearrangement-occurring-on-the-glycopeptides
#12
Cornelia B Rath, Falko Schirmeister, Rudolf Figl, Peter H Seeberger, Christina Schaeffer, Daniel Kolarich
Flagellated, Gram-negative, anaerobic, crescent-shaped Selenomonas species are colonizers of the digestive system, where they act at the interface between health and disease. Selenomonas sputigena is also considered a potential human periodontal pathogen, but information on its virulence factors and underlying pathogenicity mechanisms is scarce. Here we provide the first report of a Selenomonas glycoprotein, showing that S. sputigena produces a diversely and heavily O-glycosylated flagellin C9LY14 as a major cellular protein, which carries various hitherto undescribed rhamnose- and N-acetylglucosamine linked O-glycans in the range from mono- to hexasaccharides...
January 16, 2018: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335684/association-between-self-perceived-oral-health-and-clinical-indicators
#13
Janet-Ofelia Guevara-Canales, Rafael Morales-Vadillo, Sonia-Julia Sacsaquispe-Contreras, Dora-Erika Alberca-Ramos, Hans Morgenstern-Orezzoli, Carlos-Enrique Cava-Vergiú
PURPOSE: To determine whether self-perceived oral health impact and satisfaction measure oral health in the same way as do clinical indicators in adults and older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The population consisted of adult patients aged 20 to 59 years receiving care at "Juan Pablo II" Health Care Centre and older adult patients aged 60 or more years from the home for the elderly "Virgen del Amor Hermoso", Lima, Peru. The indices Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) and Oral Satisfaction Scale of 0-10 (OSS 0-10) were used to evaluate perceived impact of and satisfaction with oral health...
January 15, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335336/periodontal-disease-regular-dental-care-use-and-incident-ischemic-stroke
#14
Souvik Sen, Lauren D Giamberardino, Kevin Moss, Thiago Morelli, Wayne D Rosamond, Rebecca F Gottesman, James Beck, Steven Offenbacher
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Periodontal disease is independently associated with cardiovascular disease. Identification of periodontal disease as a risk factor for incident ischemic stroke raises the possibility that regular dental care utilization may reduce the stroke risk. METHODS: In the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) study, pattern of dental visits were classified as regular or episodic dental care users. In the ancillary dental ARIC study, selected subjects from ARIC underwent fullmouth periodontal measurements collected at 6 sites per tooth and classified into 7 periodontal profile classes (PPCs)...
January 15, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334297/perceptions-of-older-people-s-oral-health-care-among-nurses-working-in-geriatric-home-care
#15
Taru Aro, Marjo Laitala, Anna-Maija Syrjälä, Marja-Liisa Laitala, Jorma I Virtanen
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates nurses' self-reported experiences and perceptions of older people's oral health care using a qualitative method. METHODS: We interviewed 10 nurses working in geriatric home care who regularly visit and take care of older people in their homes. The interviews consisted of semi-structured questions. The interviews were then transcribed and analysed. RESULTS: All nurses were aware of the connection between oral health and general health, but more detailed knowledge about oral health was lacking and confidence in oral health care practices was limited...
January 15, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333368/oral-lesions-associated-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-75-adult-patients-a-clinical-study
#16
Antoine Berberi, Georges Aoun
Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the presence of oral lesions in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) patients in a descriptive cross-sectional study, and to establish their presence according to levels of CD4+ cells (including the CD4+/CD8+ cell ratio). Materials and Methods: A total of 75 patients infected with HIV were included. Oral lesions were observed and classified using World Health Organization classification guidelines...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327269/unfair-treatment-and-periodontitis-among-adults-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#17
Tracy L Finlayson, Hector Lemus, Karen Becerra, Linda M Kaste, Shirley M Beaver, Christian R Salazar, Richard H Singer, Marston E Youngblood
This study investigates how perceived unfair treatment, towards self and observed towards others due to ethnicity, is associated with periodontitis among diverse Hispanic/Latino adults, accounting for sociodemographic, health behavior, and acculturation factors. Baseline (2008-2011) dental and survey data from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), a multicenter epidemiologic study, were analyzed (N = 12,750). Crude and adjusted prevalence ratios and confidence limits were estimated...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326959/use-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-tooth-extractions-dental-implants-and-periodontal-surgical-procedures
#18
Katie J Suda, Heather Henschel, Ursula Patel, Margaret A Fitzpatrick, Charlesnika T Evans
Background: Guidelines for antibiotics prior to dental procedures for patients with specific cardiac conditions and prosthetic joints have changed, reducing indications for antibiotic prophylaxis. In addition to guidelines focused on patient comorbidities, systematic reviews specific to dental extractions and implants support preprocedure antibiotics for all patients. However, data on dentist adherence to these recommendations are scarce. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of veterans undergoing tooth extractions, dental implants, and periodontal procedures...
January 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326507/effect-of-calcium-channel-blockers-on-gingival-tissues-in-hypertensive-patients-in-lagos-nigeria-a-pilot-study
#19
Kehinde Adesola Umeizudike, Adetokunbo B Olawuyi, Theophilus I Umeizudike, Akinsanya D Olusegun-Joseph, Babawale T Bello
Background: Long-term treatment of common chronic cardiac conditions such as hypertension with calcium channel blockers (CCBs) has long been associated with gingival hyperplasia. This oral side effect may affect esthetics and function, yet often overlooked and therefore underreported among Nigerians. Aim: This study aimed to determine the association of CCBs with gingival overgrowth (GO) in hypertensive patients. Methods: This was a hospital-based, case-control study conducted among 116 hypertensive patients (58 CCB and 58 non-CCB age-matched controls) attending the medical outpatient clinic of a tertiary health institution in Lagos, Nigeria...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326503/impact-of-dental-trauma-on-quality-of-life-among-11-14-years-schoolchildren
#20
Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
Background: Traumatic injuries are common dental problems in pediatric dentistry that may influence the children's quality of life. Aim: the aim of this study is to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Egyptian schoolchildren aged 11-14 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 11700 schoolchildren from public and private schools of Mansoura city, Egypt...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
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