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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937517/effects-of-a-short-video-based-resident-as-teacher-training-toolkit-on-resident-teaching
#1
Hope A Ricciotti, Taylor S Freret, Ashley Aluko, Bri Anne McKeon, Miriam J Haviland, Lori R Newman
OBJECTIVE: To pilot a short video-based resident-as-teacher training toolkit and assess its effect on resident teaching skills in clinical settings. METHODS: A video-based resident-as-teacher training toolkit was previously developed by educational experts at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School. Residents were recruited from two academic hospitals, watched two videos from the toolkit ("Clinical Teaching Skills" and "Effective Clinical Supervision"), and completed an accompanying self-study guide...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937514/surgical-skills-feedback-and-mytipreport-is-there-construct-validity
#2
AnnaMarie Connolly, Anita Blanchard, Alice Goepfert, Nicole Donnellan, Elizabeth Buys, Richard Uribe, Kimberly Kenton
OBJECTIVE: To initiate construct validity testing of myTIPreport for procedural skill assessment in a prospective multicenter evaluation study. METHODS: Teachers and learners from a convenience-based site selection of obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN) and female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS) training programs performed procedural assessments in myTIPreport. The specifically defined 5-point Dreyfus rating scale describing ability levels from novice to expert was used...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937513/entrustment-evidence-used-by-expert-gynecologic-surgical-teachers-to-determine-residents-autonomy
#3
Xiaodong Phoenix Chen, Amy M Sullivan, Joan M Bengtson, John L Dalrymple
OBJECTIVE: To identify entrustment evidence used by expert gynecologic surgical teachers to determine obstetrics and gynecology residents' level of autonomy in the operating room. METHODS: A qualitative interview study was undertaken from March to November 2016. Four selection criteria were used to define and purposefully sample expert gynecologic surgical teachers across the United States to represent all four geographic regions. All interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937449/persistent-encopresis-enuresis-and-anxiety-in-a-7-year-old-girl
#4
Theodora Nelson, Heekyung Chae, Ran D Anbar, Martin T Stein
Sonia is a 7-year-old old girl who was referred to the Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Clinic by the Pediatric Urology Clinic because of persistent wetting and soiling behaviors. Since age 3 years, she has had a history of encopresis (and wetting) for which she has seen gastroenterology and urology specialists. The mother reports that Sonia has accidents almost daily, and she is not upset when sitting in her urine or feces. She dislikes going into the bathroom or sitting on the toilet by herself. She participated in a behavior modification program associated with the pediatric urology clinic, which helps children learn healthy voiding habits and achieve continence...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937003/construct-validity-and-predictive-utility-of-internal-assessment-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#5
Dinesh K Badyal, Sheena Singh, Tejinder Singh
BACKGROUND: Internal assessment is a partial requirement of all medical college examinations in India. It can help teachers provide remedial action and guide learning. But its utility and acceptability is doubted because, with no external control, internal assessment is considered prone to misuse. It is therefore not used as a tool for learning. There is no study on the validity of internal assessment from India. METHODS: We use multiple methods and multiple teachers to assess students and our records are well maintained...
May 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936391/evaluation-of-a-multi-year-policy-focused-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-and-related-behaviors-in-lower-resourced-early-care-and-education-settings-active-early-2-0
#6
Emily J Tomayko, Ronald J Prince, Jill Hoiting, Abbe Braun, Tara L LaRowe, Alexandra K Adams
Physical activity is a critical component of obesity prevention, but few interventions targeting early childhood have been described. The Active Early guide was designed to increase physical activity in early care and education (ECE) settings. The purpose of Active Early 2.0 was to evaluate the effectiveness of Active Early along with provider training, microgrant support, and technical assistance over 2 years (2012-2014) to increase physical activity and related behaviors (e.g., nutrition) in settings serving a high proportion of children from underserved groups in recognition of significant disparities in obesity and challenges meeting physical activity recommendations in low-resource settings...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936020/predictors-of-depressive-symptoms-in-emerging-adulthood-in-a-low-income-urban-cohort
#7
Christina F Mondi, Arthur J Reynolds, Suh-Ruu Ou
This study examined predictors of depressive symptoms in emerging adulthood in a sample of 1,142 individuals (94% African American) who grew up in urban poverty. Data were drawn from a longitudinal study that followed participants from age five and included participant, parent, and teacher surveys, and administrative records. Depressive symptoms were self-reported at age 22-24 using a modified version of the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI; Derogatis, 1975). Binary logistic regression analyses identified several significant predictors of depressive symptoms in emerging adulthood, including: sex, adverse childhood experiences (ACE) score, socio-emotional adjustment in the classroom, juvenile arrest, and on-time graduation...
May 2017: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936019/school-readiness-in-the-midwest-child-parent-center-expansion-a-propensity-score-analysis-of-year-1-impacts
#8
Brandt A Richardson, Arthur J Reynolds, Judy A Temple, Nicole E Smerillo
In this paper, we evaluate the effectiveness of the first year of a federally-funded, evidence-based preschool through third grade intervention in Chicago. We use inverse probability weighting with regression adjustment to estimate the impacts of the Child-Parent Center (CPC) program on teacher assessments of school readiness for 1,289 low-income preschool and 591 comparison-group participants. Results indicated significant positive impacts of the program for all domains, including literacy, math, socio-emotional development, science and total score...
August 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934869/teacher-implemented-response-interruption-and-redirection-training-evaluation-and-descriptive-analysis-of-treatment-integrity
#9
Aimee Giles, Shelley Swain, Louise Quinn, Brittany Weifenbach
Response interruption and redirection (RIRD) is an effective intervention for decreasing stereotypy. During RIRD, contingent on occurrences of stereotypy, therapists interrupt the behavior and prompt the participant to complete an alternative response. Although RIRD has been implemented by teachers in classrooms, it requires continuous monitoring of participants to be implemented with fidelity and may be difficult for teachers to manage. The present study evaluated the effectiveness of RIRD when implemented in classrooms...
September 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934808/competency-based-teaching-in-radiology-implementation-and-evaluation-of-interactive-workstation-based-learning-to-apply-nklm-based-content
#10
Wolfgang Koestner, Wiebke Otten, Till Kaireit, Frank K Wacker, Sabine Dettmer
Purpose New teaching formats are required to implement competency-based teaching in radiology teaching. Therefore, we have established and evaluated two practical competency-based radiological courses. Materials and Methods The courses were held in a multimedia room with 25 computers and a professional DICOM viewer. Students were taught basic image analysis and presented clinical cases with a DICOM viewer under supervision of an instructor using desktop monitoring software. Two courses (elective course and obligatory course) were evaluated by the students (n = 160 and n = 100) and instructors (n = 9) using an anonymized online survey...
September 21, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934639/changes-in-nursing-students-expectations-of-nursing-clinical-faculties-competences-a-longitudinal-mixed-methods-study
#11
Robert Lovrić, Nada Prlić, Dragana Milutinović, Igor Marjanac, Boštjan Žvanut
BACKGROUND: Changes in nursing students' expectations of their clinical nursing faculty competences over the course of time are an insufficiently researched phenomenon. OBJECTIVES: To explore what competences BSc nursing students expect from their clinical faculties during their clinical training, and whether their expectations changed during their three-year studies. Furthermore, to survey factors which influenced their expectations and whether the fulfilment levels of their expectations influenced their feelings, learning, and behaviour...
September 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934358/pre-service-teachers-perceived-value-of-general-pedagogical-knowledge-for-practice-relations-with-epistemic-beliefs-and-source-beliefs
#12
Samuel Merk, Tom Rosman, Julia Rueß, Marcus Syring, Jürgen Schneider
Pre-service teachers tend to devalue general pedagogical knowledge (GPK) as a valid source for deriving successful teaching practices. The present study investigated beliefs about knowledge sources and epistemic beliefs as predictors for students' perceived value of GPK. Three pre-registered hypotheses were tested. We expected beliefs that GPK originates from scientific sources to entail a devaluation of GPK (Hypothesis 1). Concerning epistemic beliefs, we expected absolute beliefs to positively, and multiplistic beliefs to negatively predict pre-service teachers' perceived practical value of GPK (Hypothesis 2)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934198/-koko-et-les-lunettes-magiques-an-educational-entertainment-tool-to-prevent-parasitic-worms-and-diarrheal-diseases-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#13
Clémence Essé, Véronique A Koffi, Abel Kouamé, Kouassi Dongo, Richard B Yapi, Honorine M Moro, Christiane A Kouakou, Marta S Palmeirim, Bassirou Bonfoh, Eliézer K N'Goran, Jürg Utzinger, Giovanna Raso
BACKGROUND: Integrated control programs, emphasizing preventive chemotherapy along with health education, can reduce the incidence of soil-transmitted helminthiasis and schistosomiasis. The aim of this study was to develop an educational animated cartoon to improve school children's awareness regarding soil-transmitted helminthiasis, diarrheal diseases, and related hygiene practices in Côte d'Ivoire. The key messages included in the cartoon were identified through prior formative research to specifically address local knowledge gaps...
September 21, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934143/involuntary-smoking-in-adolescents-their-awareness-of-its-harmfulness-and-attitudes-towards-smoking-in-the-presence-of-non-smokers
#14
Dorota Kaleta, Kinga Polanska, Piotr Wojtysiak, Franciszek Szatko
The aim of the study was to examine involuntary smoking among young people, their awareness of its harmfulness and the factors associated with attitudes towards smoking in the presence of non-smokers. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 3552 students from a socially disadvantaged rural area in central Poland. Almost 40% of the participants were exposed to involuntary smoking at home and 60% outside of home on a daily or almost daily basis. More than 80% of the students felt that smoking should be banned around children at home, 59% thought it should be banned in vehicles, and 41% in the presence of non-smokers...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934039/social-media-and-teaching-learning-connecting-or-distancing
#15
Nan Russell Yancey
As new ideas and new ways of connecting seemingly surface ever more quickly, faculty face the daunting task of using emerging technology in the teaching-learning endeavor while honoring the presence of teacher with learner. The focus of this column is on using social media as a teaching-learning tool in the shared journey of coming to know, which is so essential for the aspiring nurse. While opportunities for using teaching-learning technologies abound and are ever-changing, faculty are challenged to cocreate a learner-focused journey of coming to know, without allowing the technology to become the focus...
October 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933937/changes-in-sugar-sweetened-soda-consumption-weight-and-waist-circumference-2-year-cohort-of-mexican-women
#16
Dalia Stern, Nicole Middaugh, Megan S Rice, Francine Laden, Ruy López-Ridaura, Bernard Rosner, Walter Willett, Martin Lajous
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate 2-year changes in soda consumption, weight, and waist circumference. METHODS: We followed 11 218 women from the Mexican Teachers' Cohort from 2006 to 2008. Dietary data were collected using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Weight was self-reported, and waist circumference was self-measured. We used linear regression to evaluate changes in sugar-sweetened and sugar-free soda consumption in relation to changes in weight and waist circumference, adjusting for lifestyle and other dietary factors...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933891/the-codevelopment-of-sympathy-and-overt-aggression-from-middle-childhood-to-early-adolescence
#17
Antonio Zuffianò, Tyler Colasante, Marlis Buchmann, Tina Malti
We assessed the extent to which feelings of sympathy and aggressive behaviors codeveloped from 6 to 12 years of age in a representative sample of Swiss children (N = 1,273). Caregivers and teachers reported children's sympathy and overt aggression in 3-year intervals. Second-order latent curve models indicated general mean-level declines in sympathy and overt aggression over time, although the decline in sympathy was relatively small. Importantly, both trajectories were characterized by significant interindividual variability...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933885/cognition-emotion-interaction-as-a-predictor-of-adolescent-depressive-symptoms
#18
Karen D Rudolph, Megan M Davis, Jennifer D Monti
Given the sharp increase in rates of depression during adolescence, especially in girls, it is important to identify which youth are at greatest risk across this critical developmental transition. During the present research, we examined whether (a) individual differences in cognition-emotion interaction, as reflected in cognitive control (CC) deficits and trait negative emotionality (NE), predict depression levels across a 1-year period (sixth-seventh grades); and (b) these temperamental traits create a particularly strong risk in girls...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933613/a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial-exploring-partnered-ballroom-dancing-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#19
D Kunkel, C Fitton, L Roberts, R M Pickering, H C Roberts, R Wiles, S Hulbert, J Robison, A Ashburn
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of a Dance Centre delivering a programme of mixed dances to people with Parkinson's and identify suitable outcomes for a future definitive trial. DESIGN: A two-group randomized controlled feasibility trial. METHODS: People with Parkinson's were randomized to a control or experimental group (ratio 15:35), alongside usual care. In addition, participants in the experimental group danced with a partner for one hour, twice-a-week for 10 weeks; professional dance teachers led the classes and field-notes were kept...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932822/efl-reading-goals-of-grade-11-students-across-public-and-non-public-schools-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#20
Tekle Ferede, B M Nchindila
This study investigated the EFL reading goals of Grade 11 students across public and non-public schools in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa. To this end, quantitative data were collected from 556 (375 public and 181 non-public) students via pre-tested structured questionnaire and analyzed into means, medians, standard deviations, ranges and Mann-Whitney U test scores. The results show that non-public school students were found better than public school students in possessing components of both extrinsic and intrinsic goals for reading...
September 2017: Heliyon
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