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Musculoskeletal rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906737/achilles-tendon-loading-during-weight-bearing-exercises
#1
Naghmeh Gheidi, Thomas W Kernozek, John D Willson, Andrew Revak, Keith Diers
OBJECTIVE: Compare the estimated Achilles tendon (AT) loading using a musculoskeletal model during commonly performed weight bearing therapeutic exercises. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. SETTING: University biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen healthy males (Age:22.1 ± 1.8 years, height:177.7 ± 8.4 cm, weight = 74.29 ± 11.3 kg). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): AT loading was estimated during eleven exercises: tandem, Romberg, and unilateral standing, unilateral and bilateral heel raising, unilateral and bilateral jump landing, squat, lunge, walking, and running...
May 10, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889150/core-and-back-rehabilitation-for-high-speed-rotation-sports-highlight-on-lacrosse
#2
Heather K Vincent, Kevin R Vincent
Lacrosse is a fast-paced game that incorporates elements from multiple sports, such as soccer, basketball, baseball, tennis, and hockey. The sport involves rapid changes of direction, endurance, sprinting, physical contact, rotational movement, passing, and shooting. Passing and shooting are further complicated by having a weighted object (ball) at the end of a long moment arm (crosse) which places increased stress on the body segments. Thus, it is important to properly prepare for sport participation by improving strength, endurance, and dynamic stability of the postural and core stability muscles...
June 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886432/clinical-assessment-of-acute-lateral-ankle-sprain-injuries-roast-2019-consensus-statement-and-recommendations-of-the-international-ankle-consortium
#3
Eamonn Delahunt, Chris M Bleakley, Daniela S Bossard, Brian M Caulfield, Carrie L Docherty, Cailbhe Doherty, François Fourchet, Daniel T Fong, Jay Hertel, Claire E Hiller, Thomas W Kaminski, Patrick O McKeon, Kathryn M Refshauge, Alexandria Remus, Evert Verhagen, Bill T Vicenzino, Erik A Wikstrom, Phillip A Gribble
Lateral ankle sprain injury is the most common musculoskeletal injury incurred by individuals who participate in sports and recreational physical activities. Following initial injury, a high proportion of individuals develop long-term injury-associated symptoms and chronic ankle instability. The development of chronic ankle instability is consequent on the interaction of mechanical and sensorimotor insufficiencies/impairments that manifest following acute lateral ankle sprain injury. To reduce the propensity for developing chronic ankle instability, clinical assessments should evaluate whether patients in the acute phase following lateral ankle sprain injury exhibit any mechanical and/or sensorimotor impairments...
June 9, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883507/the-potential-value-of-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-in-orthopedics
#4
Gary M Kiebzak
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a well-established technology with an important and well-known role in measuring bone mineral density (BMD) for the purpose of determining fracture risk, diagnosing osteoporosis, and monitoring treatment efficacy. However, aside from the assessment of bone status, DXA is likely underutilized in the field of orthopedics, and most orthopedists may not be aware of the full capabilities of DXA, particularly with regard to total body scans and body composition assessment...
May 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880749/activity-based-physical-rehabilitation-with-adjuvant-testosterone-to-promote-neuromuscular-recovery-after-spinal-cord-injury
#5
REVIEW
Dana M Otzel, Jimmy Lee, Fan Ye, Stephen E Borst, Joshua F Yarrow
Neuromuscular impairment and reduced musculoskeletal integrity are hallmarks of spinal cord injury (SCI) that hinder locomotor recovery. These impairments are precipitated by the neurological insult and resulting disuse, which has stimulated interest in activity-based physical rehabilitation therapies (ABTs) that promote neuromuscular plasticity after SCI. However, ABT efficacy declines as SCI severity increases. Additionally, many men with SCI exhibit low testosterone, which may exacerbate neuromusculoskeletal impairment...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877672/how-effective-is-the-integration-of-sport-and-exercise-medicine-in-the-english-national-health-service-for-sport-related-injury-treatment-and-health-management
#6
Emma Pullen, Dominic Malcolm, Patrick Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Regular participation in sport, exercise and physical activity is associated with positive health outcomes and form a mainstay of British public health policies. However, regular participation in sport and exercise can result in sport related injury (SRI) which, in turn, is a key cause of exercise cessation. The integration of Sport and Exercise Medicine (SEM) in the English National Health Service (NHS) aims to provide a specialist service for public populations and thus reduce the impact of SRI on exercise cessation and associated negative health outcomes...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869514/-musculoskeletal-system-functional-disorders-in-pregnancy
#7
R Poděbradská, M Šarmírová, M Procházka
OBJECTIVE: To bring about a comprehensive summary of the occurrence principle and the clinical manifestations of the musculoskeletal system functional disorders, focusing on those occurring most frequently during pregnancy. DESIGN: Overview study. SETTING: Department of Health Promotion, Faculty of Sport Studies, Masaryk University, Brno; Rehabilitation department Lipova-lazne; Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Olomouc. METHODS: Analysis of literary sources and database Medline (1998-2017)...
2018: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852150/psychometric-testing-of-a-rehabilitative-care-patient-experience-instrument
#8
Josephine McMurray, Heather McNeil, Alicia Gordon, Jacobi Elliott, Paul Stolee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the internal consistency, and test-retest reliability, construct validity, and feasibility of the WatLX™, a measure of the experience of patients in rehabilitative care. DESIGN: Multi-site, cross-sectional and test-retest self-report study. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitative care settings PARTICIPANTS: The WatLX™ was administered to English-speaking, cognitively intact outpatients over 18 years old, who had completed a program of cardiac, musculoskeletal, neurologic, stroke, pulmonary, or speech language rehabilitative care, at two separate time points: 1) immediately following completion of their rehabilitation program (N=1174), and 2) two weeks later (N=29)...
May 28, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807003/do-medical-complications-impact-long-term-outcomes-in-prolonged-disorders-of-consciousness
#9
Anna Estraneo, Vincenzo Loreto, Orsola Masotta Psy, Angelo Pascarella, Luigi Trojano
OBJECTIVE: to investigate medical complications (MC) occuring within 6 months post-injury in brain-injured patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (DoC) and to evaluate impact of MC on mortality and long-term clinical outcomes. DESIGN: prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: rehabilitation unit for acquired DoC. PARTECIPANTS: 194 patients with DoC (142 in vegetative state, 52 in minimally conscious state; traumatic etiology: 43, anoxic: 69, vascular: 82) consecutively admitted to a neurorehabilitation unit within 1-3 months after onset...
May 25, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803784/injectable-nanocomposite-analgesic-delivery-system-for-musculoskeletal-pain-management
#10
Manakamana Khanal, Shalini V Gohil, Emmanuel Kuyinu, Ho-Man Kan, Brittany E Knight, Kyle M Baumbauer, Kevin W-H Lo, Joseph Walker, Cato T Laurencin, Lakshmi S Nair
Musculoskeletal pain is a major health issue which results from surgical procedures (i.e. total knee and/ or hip replacements and rotator cuff repairs), as well as from non-surgical conditions (i.e. sympathetically-mediated pain syndrome and occipital neuralgia). Local anesthetics, opioids or corticosteroids are currently used for the pain management of musculoskeletal conditions. Even though local anesthetics are highly preferred, the need for multiple administration presents significant disadvantages. Development of unique delivery systems that can deliver local anesthetics at the injection site for prolonged time could significantly enhance the therapeutic efficacy and patient comfort...
May 24, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797239/association-of-statin-use-with-increased-risk-of-musculoskeletal-conditions-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Una E Makris, Carlos A Alvarez, Eric M Mortensen, Ishak A Mansi
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal conditions, including osteoarthritis (OA), result in tremendous disability and cost. Statins are among the most commonly prescribed medications and their use for primary prevention in many otherwise healthy individuals, including those who are physically active, is increasing. There is conflicting evidence regarding the relationship of statin use and musculoskeletal conditions. Given the rising disability associated with musculoskeletal conditions, understanding predisposing factors, including medication-related exposures, deserves further attention...
May 24, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796982/workplace-based-rehabilitation-of-upper-limb-conditions-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Munira Hoosain, Susan de Klerk, Marlette Burger
Purpose The objective of this systematic review was to identify, collate and analyse the current available evidence on the effectiveness of workplace-based rehabilitative interventions in workers with upper limb conditions on work performance, pain, absenteeism, productivity and other outcomes. Methods We searched Medline, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science, Academic Search Premier, Africa-Wide Information, CINAHL, OTSeeker and PEDro with search terms in four broad areas: upper limb, intervention, workplace and clinical trial (no date limits)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796082/towards-subject-specific-strength-training-design-through-predictive-use-of-musculoskeletal-models
#13
Michael Plüss, Florian Schellenberg, William R Taylor, Silvio Lorenzetti
Lower extremity dysfunction is often associated with hip muscle strength deficiencies. Detailed knowledge of the muscle forces generated in the hip under specific external loading conditions enables specific structures to be trained. The aim of this study was to find the most effective movement type and loading direction to enable the training of specific parts of the hip muscles using a standing posture and a pulley system. In a novel approach to release the predictive power of musculoskeletal modelling techniques based on inverse dynamics, flexion/extension and ab-/adduction movements were virtually created...
2018: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788396/injury-surveillance-and-reporting-for-trainees-with-bone-stress-injury-current-practices-and-recommendations
#14
Scott C Dembowski, Bradley S Tragord, Amy F Hand, Iván R Rohena-Quinquilla, Ian E Lee, David C Thoma, Joseph M Molloy
Background: Musculoskeletal injuries, including lower extremity bone stress injuries (BSI) significantly impact initial entry training (IET) in the U.S. Army due to limited duty days, trainee attrition, early medical discharge, and related financial costs. Factors complicating trainee BSI surveillance include inconsistent BSI coding practices, attrition documentation as both administrative separations and medical discharges and the inability to code for BSI grade or severity when using International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th revision (ICD-10) codes...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783671/views-and-experiences-of-persons-with-chronic-diseases-about-strategies-that-aim-to-integrate-and-re-integrate-them-into-work-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#15
Eva Esteban, Michaela Coenen, Elizabeth Ito, Sonja Gruber, Chiara Scaratti, Matilde Leonardi, Olga Roka, Evdokia Vasilou, Amalia Muñoz-Murillo, Carolina C Ávila, Dare S Kovačič, Ivana Ivandic, Carla Sabariego
The effectiveness of strategies targeting professional integration and reintegration strongly depends on the experiences of participants. The aim of this systematic literature review is to synthesize European qualitative studies exploring views and experiences of persons with chronic conditions regarding strategies for integration and reintegration into work. The systematic search was conducted in Medline, PsycINFO, CDR-HTA, CDR-DARE and Cochrane Systematic Reviews. Overall, 24 studies published in English between January 2011 and April 2016 were included...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760552/patients-receiving-chiropractic-care-in-a-neurorehabilitation-hospital-a-descriptive-study
#16
Robert D Vining, Stacie A Salsbury, W Carl Cooley, Donna Gosselin, Lance Corber, Christine M Goertz
Objectives: Individuals rehabilitating from complex neurological injury require a multidisciplinary approach, which typically does not include chiropractic care. This study describes inpatients receiving multidisciplinary rehabilitation including chiropractic care for brain injury, spinal cord injury (SCI), stroke, and other complex neurological conditions. Design: Chiropractic services were integrated into Crotched Mountain Specialty Hospital (CMSH) through this project...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752911/validation-of-the-work-disability-physical-function-assessment-battery
#17
Christine M McDonough, Pengsheng Ni, Kara Peterik, Judith D Hershberg, Lesli R Bell, Leighton Chan, Diane E Brandt, Alan M Jette
OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity of the self-report Work-Disability Functional Assessment Battery (WD-FAB) physical function scales relative to clinician ratings of function and a performance-based functional capacity evaluation: the Physical Work Performance Evaluation (PWPE). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (n=50) participating in physical therapy for musculoskeletal conditions INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
May 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748911/patient-education-and-rehabilitation-after-hip-arthroplasty-in-an-italian-spa-center-a-pilot-study-on-its-feasibility
#18
Alfredo Musumeci, Giulia Pranovi, Stefano Masiero
Nowadays, some spa centers are suitable for providing rehabilitative and preventive treatment in association with traditional spa therapy. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and the effectiveness of an intensive rehabilitation program after hip arthroplasty in an Italian spa center. Early after total hip arthroplasty for severe osteoarthritis (≤ 10 days after the intervention), 12 consecutive patients (5 males and 7 females) aged between 50 and 85 years were enrolled for this study. All the patients performed a 2-week thermal multimodal rehabilitation program, which consisted of education and physical rehabilitative measures...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745598/-motion-analysis-on-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-merged-with-varus-deformity
#19
Zhengfei Zhu, Ling Wang, Dichen Li, Hanghui Wang, Zhongmin Jin, Zhiyuan Wang, Shuguo Hui, Chenglin Chen, Shu Zhang, Wenjiao Li
Aiming at comparing the pre-operative and post-operative gait characteristics and therefore establishing post-operative rehabilitation guidance for patients with end-stage knee osteoarthritis (KOA) merged with varus deformity, this study captured the level walking and sit-to-stand trials of 9 patients with 3-dimensional motion analysis system and after which musculoskeletal multi-body dynamic analysis was conducted. The study indicated that the average range of motion (ROM) of the proposed-surgical knee was 24...
February 1, 2018: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736230/towards-optimal-platform-based-robot-design-for-ankle-rehabilitation-the-state-of-the-art-and-future-prospects
#20
REVIEW
Qing Miao, Mingming Zhang, Congzhe Wang, Hongsheng Li
This review aims to compare existing robot-assisted ankle rehabilitation techniques in terms of robot design. Included studies mainly consist of selected papers in two published reviews involving a variety of robot-assisted ankle rehabilitation techniques. A free search was also made in Google Scholar and Scopus by using keywords "ankle∗ ," and "robot∗ ," and ("rehabilitat∗ " or "treat∗ "). The search is limited to English-language articles published between January 1980 and September 2016...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
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