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Musculoskeletal rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214616/exploring-factors-influencing-low-back-pain-in-people-with-non-dysvascular-lower-limb-amputation-a-national-survey
#1
Hemakumar Devan, Paul Hendrick, Leigh Hale, Allan Carman, Michael P Dillon, Daniel Cury Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal impairment in people with lower limb amputation. Given the multifactorial nature of LBP, exploring the factors influencing the presence and intensity of LBP is warranted. OBJECTIVE: To investigate which physical, personal, and amputee-specific factors predicted presence and intensity of low back pain (LBP) in persons with non-dysvascular transfemoral (TFA) and transtibial amputation (TTA). DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional survey SETTING: A national random sample of people with non-dysvascular TFA and TTA...
February 15, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188484/estimation-of-attachment-regions-of-hip-muscles-in-ct-image-using-muscle-attachment-probabilistic-atlas-constructed-from-measurements-in-eight-cadavers
#2
Norio Fukuda, Yoshito Otake, Masaki Takao, Futoshi Yokota, Takeshi Ogawa, Keisuke Uemura, Ryota Nakaya, Kazunori Tamura, Robert B Grupp, Amirhossein Farvardin, Mehran Armand, Nobuhiko Sugano, Yoshinobu Sato
PURPOSE: Patient-specific musculoskeletal biomechanical simulation is useful in preoperative surgical planning and postoperative assessment in orthopedic surgery and rehabilitation medicine. A difficulty in application of the patient-specific musculoskeletal modeling comes from the fact that the muscle attachment regions are typically invisible in CT and MRI. Our purpose is to develop a method for estimating patient-specific muscle attachment regions from 3D medical images and to validate with cadaver experiments...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173928/the-role-of-physiotherapy-in-the-european-space-agency-strategy-for-preparation-and-reconditioning-of-astronauts-before-and-after-long-duration-space-flight
#3
Gunda Lambrecht, Nora Petersen, Guillaume Weerts, Casey Pruett, Simon Evetts, Maria Stokes, Julie Hides
Spaceflight and exposure to microgravity have wide-ranging effects on many systems of the human body. At the European Space Agency (ESA), a physiotherapist plays a key role in the multidisciplinary ESA team responsible for astronaut health, with a focus on the neuro-musculoskeletal system. In conjunction with a sports scientist, the physiotherapist prepares the astronaut for spaceflight, monitors their exercise performance whilst on the International Space Station (ISS), and reconditions the astronaut when they return to Earth...
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173927/terrestrial-neuro-musculoskeletal-rehabilitation-and-astronaut-reconditioning-reciprocal-knowledge-transfer
#4
EDITORIAL
Maria Stokes, Simon Evetts, Julie Hides
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169294/factors-predictive-of-survival-and-estimated-years-of-life-lost-in-the-decade-following-nontraumatic-and-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#5
B B Hatch, C M Wood-Wentz, T M Therneau, M G Walker, J M Payne, R K Reeves
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors predictive of survival after spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Tertiary care institution. METHODS: Multiple-variable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis for 759 patients with SCI (535 nontraumatic and 221 traumatic) included age, sex, completeness of injury, level of injury, functional independence measure (FIM) scores, rehabilitation length of stay and SCI cause...
February 7, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162342/-539-long-length-of-disability-is-it-a-risk-factor-for-rehabilitation-a-study-of-a-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-disorders-population
#6
S Asih, R Neblett, T Mayer, R Gatchel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157086/professional-activities-of-professor-kazimiera-milanowska-in-the-field-of-rehabilitation
#7
Maciej Łuczak, Mateusz Milanowski
Professor Kazimiera Milanowska is a rehabilitation physician and academic scholar of international renown. She has extensive expert knowledge and scientific achievements in the fields of medical rehabilitation and physical culture sciences. The aim of the present biographical study was to present the development of Prof. Kazimiera Milanowska's career. As Head of the Rehabilitation Department at the Medical Academy in Poznań, she delivered lectures on the clinical foundations of rehabilitation and theory and philosophy of modern rehabilitation as well as numerous courses on methods of musculoskeletal compensation and adaptation, muscle reeducation, and rehabilitation following peripheral neuron injury...
May 5, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154150/structural-and-functional-cortical-connectivity-mediating-cross-education-of-motor-function
#8
Kathy L Ruddy, Alexander Leemans, Daniel G Woolley, Nicole Wenderoth, Richard G Carson
: Cross Education is the process whereby training with one limb leads to subsequent improvement in performance by the opposite untrained limb. We used multimodal neuroimaging in humans to investigate the mediating neural mechanisms by relating quantitative estimates of functional and structural cortical connectivity to individual levels of interlimb transfer. Resting-state (rs)-fMRI and Diffusion Weighted Imaging (DWI) scans were undertaken prior to unilateral ballistic wrist flexion training...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145739/achilles-tendon-loading-during-heel-raising-and-lowering-exercises
#9
Andrew Revak, Keith Diers, Thomas W Kernozek, Naghmeh Gheidi, Christina Olbrantz
CONTEXT:  Achilles tendinopathies are common injuries during sport participation, although men are more prone to Achilles tendon injuries than women. Heel-raising and -lowering exercises are typically suggested for Achilles tendon rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the estimated Achilles tendon loading variables and the ankle range of motion (ROM) using a musculoskeletal model during commonly performed heel-raising and -lowering exercises. DESIGN:  Controlled laboratory study...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142368/utilization-of-physical-therapy-intervention-among-patients-with-plantar-fasciitis-in-the-united-states
#10
John J Fraser, Neal R Glaviano, Jay Hertel
Study Design Retrospective observational study. Background Plantar fasciitis is responsible for 1 million ambulatory patient care visits annually in the United States. Few studies have investigated practice patterns in the treatment of patients with plantar fasciitis. Objective To assess physical therapist utilization and employment of manual therapy and supervised rehabilitation in the treatment of patients with plantar fasciitis. Methods A retrospective review of the PearlDiver patient record database was used to evaluate physical therapist utilization and use of manual therapy and supervised rehabilitation in patients with plantar fasciitis between 2007 and 2011...
February 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140624/normative-data-for-the-neurocom-sensory-organization-test-in-us-military-special-operations-forces
#11
Erin R Pletcher, Valerie J Williams, John P Abt, Paul M Morgan, Jeffrey J Parr, Meleesa F Wohleber, Mita Lovalekar, Timothy C Sell
CONTEXT:  Postural stability is the ability to control the center of mass in relation to a person's base of support and can be affected by both musculoskeletal injury and traumatic brain injury. The NeuroCom Sensory Organization Test (SOT) can be used to objectively quantify impairments to postural stability. The ability of postural stability to predict injury and be used as an acute injury-evaluation tool makes it essential to the screening and rehabilitation process. To our knowledge, no published normative data of the SOT from a healthy, highly active population are available for use as a reference for clinical decision making...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135365/musculoskeletal-low-back-pain-in-school-aged-children-a-review
#12
James MacDonald, Emily Stuart, Richard Rodenberg
Importance: Low back pain (LBP) in children and adolescents is a common problem. The differential diagnosis of LBP in this population is broad and different from that seen in the adult population. Most causes of LBP are musculoskeletal and benign in their clinical course. Clinicians should have an understanding of the relevant anatomy and the most commonly encountered etiologic factors of LBP in children and adolescents to provide effective care. Observations: Low back pain is rarely seen in youth before they reach school age...
January 30, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131017/relationship-between-bone-adaptation-and-in-vivo-mechanical-stimulus-in-biological-reconstructions-after-bone-tumor-a-biomechanical-modeling-analysis
#13
Giordano Valente, Lorenzo Pitto, Enrico Schileo, Sabina Piroddi, Alberto Leardini, Marco Manfrini, Fulvia Taddei
BACKGROUND: Biomechanical interpretations of bone adaptation in biological reconstructions following bone tumors would be crucial for orthopedic oncologists, particularly if based on quantitative observations. This would help plan for surgical treatments, rehabilitative programs and communication with the patients. We aimed to analyze the biomechanical adaptation of a femoral reconstruction after Ewing sarcoma according to an increasingly-used surgical technique, and to relate in-progress bone resorption to the mechanical stimulus induced by different motor activities...
January 21, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125978/expectations-of-pain-and-functioning-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Sigrid Skatteboe, Cecilie Røe, Morten Wang Fagerland, Lars-Petter Granan
BACKGROUND: Research has suggested that patient expectations are associated with treatment outcome and evolve along with patient communication within the musculoskeletal field. However, few studies have investigated if or how physical medicine and rehabilitation (PMR) consultations affect the attending patients' expectations regarding pain and functional improvement. Hence, the aims of the present study were to compare patient expectations regarding pain and functional improvement before and after a PMR consultation and to assess patient characteristics, including diagnosis, that could perhaps predict changes in expectations...
January 26, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119839/risk-factors-for-delirium-during-acute-and-subacute-stages-of-various-disorders-in-patients-admitted-to-rehabilitation-units
#15
Soyeon Jang, Kwang-Ik Jung, Woo-Kyoung Yoo, Myung Hun Jung, Suk Hoon Ohn
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk factors for delirium in patients admitted to a rehabilitation unit for acute or subacute neurological or musculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 537 patients admitted to a rehabilitation unit and selected 398 patients in the acute or subacute stage of various neurological or musculoskeletal disorders. Among them, patients who had suffered from delirium were categorized into the delirium group (n=65), and the other patients were categorized into the non-delirium group (n=333)...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#16
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092566/wake-up-exoskeleton-to-assist-children-with-cerebral-palsy-design-and-preliminary-evaluation-in-level-walking
#17
Fabrizio Patane, Stefano Rossi, Fausto Del Sette, Juri Taborri, Paolo Cappa
This paper presents the modular design and control of a novel compliant lower limb multi-joint exoskeleton for the rehabilitation of ankle knee mobility and locomotion of pediatric patients with neurological diseases, such as Cerebral Palsy (CP). The device consists of an untethered powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis (KAFO), addressed as WAKE-up (Wearable Ankle Knee Exoskeleton), characterized by a position control and capable of operating synchronously and synergistically with the human musculoskeletal system...
January 11, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075342/trunk-motion-system-tms-using-printed-body-worn-sensor-bws-via-data-fusion-approach
#18
Mohammad Iman Mokhlespour Esfahani, Omid Zobeiri, Behzad Moshiri, Roya Narimani, Mohammad Mehravar, Ehsan Rashedi, Mohamad Parnianpour
Human movement analysis is an important part of biomechanics and rehabilitation, for which many measurement systems are introduced. Among these, wearable devices have substantial biomedical applications, primarily since they can be implemented both in indoor and outdoor applications. In this study, a Trunk Motion System (TMS) using printed Body-Worn Sensors (BWS) is designed and developed. TMS can measure three-dimensional (3D) trunk motions, is lightweight, and is a portable and non-invasive system. After the recognition of sensor locations, twelve BWSs were printed on stretchable clothing with the purpose of measuring the 3D trunk movements...
January 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068863/an-exploratory-study-investigating-the-multidimensional-factors-impacting-the-health-and-well-being-of-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
Susan E Sienko
BACKGROUND: For young adults with cerebral palsy, changes in psychological and social development, in conjunction with the progression of musculoskeletal deformities and the onset of secondary conditions, make the transition to adulthood a difficult developmental phase. Preliminary evidence shows that many of the physical impairments reported in adults with cerebral palsy begin during late adolescence; however, there is little information about prevalence of impairments and the combined role impairments, psychological and social factors have on the health and well-being of young adults with cerebral palsy...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068293/a-hybrid-bmi-based-exoskeleton-for-paresis-emg-control-for-assisting-arm-movements
#20
Toshihiro Kawase, Takeshi Sakurada, Yasuharu Koike, Kenji Kansaku
OBJECTIVE: Brain-machine interface (BMI) technologies have succeeded in controlling robotic exoskeletons, enabling some paralyzed people to control their own arms and hands. We have developed an exoskeleton asynchronously controlled by EEG signals. In this study, to enable real-time control of the exoskeleton for paresis, we developed a hybrid system with EEG and EMG signals, and the EMG signals were used to estimate its joint angles. APPROACH: Eleven able-bodied subjects and two patients with upper cervical spinal cord injuries (SCIs) performed hand and arm movements, and the angles of the metacarpophalangeal (MP) joint of the index finger, wrist, and elbow were estimated from EMG signals using a formula that we derived to calculate joint angles from EMG signals, based on a musculoskeletal model...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
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