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Musculoskeletal rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075342/trunk-motion-system-tms-using-printed-body-worn-sensor-bws-via-data-fusion-approach
#1
Mohammad Iman Mokhlespour Esfahani, Omid Zobeiri, Behzad Moshiri, Roya Narimani, Mohammad Mehravar, Ehsan Rashedi, Mohamad Parnianpour
Human movement analysis is an important part of biomechanics and rehabilitation, for which many measurement systems are introduced. Among these, wearable devices have substantial biomedical applications, primarily since they can be implemented both in indoor and outdoor applications. In this study, a Trunk Motion System (TMS) using printed Body-Worn Sensors (BWS) is designed and developed. TMS can measure three-dimensional (3D) trunk motions, is lightweight, and is a portable and non-invasive system. After the recognition of sensor locations, twelve BWSs were printed on stretchable clothing with the purpose of measuring the 3D trunk movements...
January 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068863/an-exploratory-study-investigating-the-multidimensional-factors-impacting-the-health-and-well-being-of-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Susan E Sienko
BACKGROUND: For young adults with cerebral palsy, changes in psychological and social development, in conjunction with the progression of musculoskeletal deformities and the onset of secondary conditions, make the transition to adulthood a difficult developmental phase. Preliminary evidence shows that many of the physical impairments reported in adults with cerebral palsy begin during late adolescence; however, there is little information about prevalence of impairments and the combined role impairments, psychological and social factors have on the health and well-being of young adults with cerebral palsy...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068293/a-hybrid-bmi-based-exoskeleton-for-paresis-emg-control-for-assisting-arm-movements
#3
Toshihiro Kawase, Takeshi Sakurada, Yasuharu Koike, Kenji Kansaku
OBJECTIVE: Brain-machine interface (BMI) technologies have succeeded in controlling robotic exoskeletons, enabling some paralyzed people to control their own arms and hands. We have developed an exoskeleton asynchronously controlled by EEG signals. In this study, to enable real-time control of the exoskeleton for paresis, we developed a hybrid system with EEG and EMG signals, and the EMG signals were used to estimate its joint angles. APPROACH: Eleven able-bodied subjects and two patients with upper cervical spinal cord injuries (SCIs) performed hand and arm movements, and the angles of the metacarpophalangeal (MP) joint of the index finger, wrist, and elbow were estimated from EMG signals using a formula that we derived to calculate joint angles from EMG signals, based on a musculoskeletal model...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068163/description-and-rate-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-air-force-basic-military-trainees-2012-2014
#4
Nathaniel S Nye, Mary T Pawlak, Bryant J Webber, Juste N Tchandja, Michelle R Milner
CONTEXT:  Musculoskeletal injuries are common in military trainees and have significant medical and operational effects. OBJECTIVE:  To provide current musculoskeletal injury epidemiology data for US Air Force basic military trainees. DESIGN:  Descriptive epidemiologic study with cross-sectional features. SETTING:  US Air Force Basic Military Training, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:  All recruits who entered training between July 1, 2012, and June 30, 2014...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061870/referring-to-multimodal-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-register-study-in-primary-health-care
#5
Charlotte Post Sennehed, Sara Holmberg, Kjerstin Stigmar, Malin Forsbrand, Ingemar F Petersson, Anja Nyberg, Birgitta Grahn
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Swedish government introduced a National Rehabilitation Program, in which the government financially reimburses the county councils for evidence-based multimodal rehabilitation (MMR) interventions. The target group is patients of working age with musculoskeletal disorders (MSD), expected to return to work or remain at work after rehabilitation. Much attention in the evaluations has been on patient outcomes and on processes. We lack knowledge about how factors related to health care providers and community can have an impact on how patients have access to MMR...
January 7, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057885/essentials-of-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-musculoskeletal-disorders-pain-and-rehabilitation
#6
Alan Bray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057351/preparatory-co-activation-of-the-ankle-muscles-may-prevent-ankle-inversion-injuries
#7
Matthew S DeMers, Jennifer L Hicks, Scott L Delp
Ankle inversion sprains are the most frequent acute musculoskeletal injuries occurring in physical activity. Interventions that retrain muscle coordination have helped rehabilitate injured ankles, but it is unclear which muscle coordination strategies, if any, can prevent ankle sprains. The purpose of this study was to determine whether coordinated activity of the ankle muscles could prevent excessive ankle inversion during a simulated landing on a 30° incline. We used a set of musculoskeletal simulations to evaluate the efficacy of two strategies for coordinating the ankle evertor and invertor muscles during simulated landing scenarios: planned co-activation and stretch reflex activation with physiologic latency (60-ms delay)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039769/a-review-of-methods-to-assess-coactivation-in-the-spine
#8
REVIEW
Peter Le, Thomas M Best, Safdar N Khan, Ehud Mendel, William S Marras
Coactivation is an important component for understanding the physiological cost of muscular and spinal loads and their associations with spinal pathology and potentially myofascial pain. However, due to the complex and dynamic nature of most activities of daily living, it can be difficult to capture a quantifiable measure of coactivation. Many methods exist to assess coactivation, but most are limited to two-muscle systems, isometric/complex analyses, or dynamic/uniplanar analyses. Hence, a void exists in that coactivation has not been documented or assessed as a multiple-muscle system under realistic complex dynamic loading...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029069/effectiveness-of-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-versus-osteopathy-in-the-cranial-field-in-temporomandibular-disorders-a-pilot-study
#9
Christina Gesslbauer, Nadja Vavti, Mohammad Keilani, Michael Mickel, Richard Crevenna
PURPOSE: Temporomandibular disorders are a common musculoskeletal condition causing severe pain, physical and psychological disability. The effect and evidence of osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field is scarce and their use are controversial. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field in temporomandibular disorders. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial in patients with temporomandibular disorders was performed...
December 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027046/factors-associated-with-success-in-an-occupational-rehabilitation-program-for-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders
#10
Mark E Hardison, Shawn C Roll
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are a significant burden; however, no consensus has been reached on how to maximize occupational rehabilitation programs for people with these disorders, and the impact of simulating work tasks as a mode of intervention has not been well examined. In this retrospective cohort study, the authors used logistic regression to identify client and program factors predicting success for 95 clients in a general occupational rehabilitation program and 71 clients in a comprehensive occupational rehabilitation program...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027040/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-lower-extremity-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review
#11
Julie Dorsey, Michelle Bradshaw
Lower-extremity (LE) musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) can have a major impact on the ability to carry out daily activities. The effectiveness of interventions must be examined to enable occupational therapy practitioners to deliver the most appropriate services. This systematic review examined the literature published between 1995 and July 2014 that investigated the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for LE MSDs. Forty-three articles met the criteria and were reviewed. Occupational therapy interventions varied on the basis of population subgroup: hip fracture, LE joint replacement, LE amputation or limb loss, and nonsurgical osteoarthritis and pain...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025624/impact-of-a-revised-curriculum-focusing-on-clinical-neurology-and-musculoskeletal-care-on-a-required-fourth-year-medical-student-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-clerkship
#12
John W Norbury, Clinton E Faulk, Kelly M Harrell, Luan E Lawson, Daniel P Moore
Background. A Required Fourth-Year Medical Student Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) Clerkship was found to increase students' knowledge of PM&R; however the students' overall rotation evaluations were consistently lower than the other 8 required clerkships at the medical school. Objective. To describe the impact of a revised curriculum based upon Entrustable Professional Activities and focusing on basic pain management, musculoskeletal care, and neurology. Setting. Academic Medical Center. Participants...
2016: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018685/coexistence-of-factor-vii-deficiency-and-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia-in-two-siblings
#13
Hortensia De la Corte-Rodriguez, E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan, M Teresa Alvarez-Roman, Ana L Hernandez-Moreno
We present the case of two patients aged 12 years and 7 years who were referred to our hospital for factor VII deficiency inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, who had suffered from previous multiple joint haemarthroses. They presented with fine motor symptoms and difficulty in walking. During physical examination we observed neurological symptoms (general hypotonia, muscular hypotrophy, exaggerated tendon reflexes, pes cavus, and spastic gait). Given that the symptoms were not justified by the deficiency of coagulation factor VII and on suspicion of hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), tests were carried out...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004905/subjective-cognitive-dysfunction-in-rehabilitation-outpatients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-or-chronic-pain
#14
Ernst Schrier, Jan H Geertzen, Pieter U Dijkstra
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation patients, without brain damage, sometimes complain about poor concentration and problems with their memory. The magnitude and associations, of this cognitive dysfunction, with different factors is unclear. AIM: To determine the magnitude of cognitive dysfunction in rehabilitation outpatient and to explore its associations with patient characteristics, diagnosis, surgery, pain, stress, anxiety and depression. DESIGN: Cross sectional...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993625/how-knowledge-relates-to-confidence-in-orthopedics-and-emergency-medicine-regarding-return-to-sport-and-rehabilitation-in-foot-and-ankle-trauma
#15
Sarah Johnson-Lynn, David Townshend
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to survey the knowledge of registrars in emergency medicine and orthopedics on 5 common injuries to the foot and ankle and compare this knowledge, and self-reported confidence in giving it, with that of consultants and physiotherapists of various levels of experience. DESIGN: An online survey was used to gather the information using scenario-based open and closed questions. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 102 health care professionals, who regularly deal with sports injuries, were recruited...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974948/utilizing-chair-massage-to-address-one-woman-s-health-in-rural-ghana-west-africa-a-case-report
#16
Cathy J Meryanos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is limited access to health care in rural Ghana and virtually no rehabilitative services available. This situation presents a unique opportunity to utilize chair massage in addressing women's health in rural Ghana, particularly when it comes to muscle pain and fatigue from heavy labor. The objective of this case report is to determine the results of chair massage as a strategy to reduce neck, shoulder, and back pain, while increasing range of motion. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient is a 63-year-old Ghanaian female, who was struck by a public transport van while carrying a 30-50 pound load on her head, two years prior...
December 2016: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973405/chronic-pain-in-children-and-adolescents-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-primary-pain-disorders-in-head-abdomen-muscles-and-joints
#17
REVIEW
Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, James Giordano, Kavita Desai Dakoji, Andrew Warmuth, Cyndee Daughtry, Craig A Schulz
Primary pain disorders (formerly "functional pain syndromes") are common, under-diagnosed and under-treated in children and teenagers. This manuscript reviews key aspects which support understanding the development of pediatric chronic pain, points to the current pediatric chronic pain terminology, addresses effective treatment strategies, and discusses the evidence-based use of pharmacology. Common symptoms of an underlying pain vulnerability present in the three most common chronic pain disorders in pediatrics: primary headaches, centrally mediated abdominal pain syndromes, and/or chronic/recurrent musculoskeletal and joint pain...
December 10, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965588/unilateral-eccentric-contraction-of-the-plantarflexors-leads-to-bilateral-alterations-in-leg-dexterity
#18
Akira Nagamori, Francisco J Valero-Cuevas, James M Finley
Eccentric contractions can affect musculotendon mechanical properties and disrupt muscle proprioception, but their behavioral consequences are poorly understood. We tested whether repeated eccentric contractions of plantarflexor muscles of one leg affected the dexterity of either leg. Twenty healthy male subjects (27.3 ± 4.0 yrs) compressed a compliant and slender spring prone to buckling with each isolated leg. The maximal instability they could control (i.e., the maximal average sustained compression force, or lower extremity dexterity force, LEDforce) quantified the dexterity of each leg...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941205/-between-mind-and-body-psychologicall-methods-for-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain
#19
Judyta Jabłońska-Brzozowska
According to the currently prevailing trends in medicine in restoring the psychosomatic unity of human, it is important to ask the question about the function and role of psychology in the rehabilitation of patients with chronic musculoskeletal disorder, MSD. In this article authors present the theoretical basis of psychical and body rehabilitation of patients with MSD. In the first part of this article, problem of the prevalence of MSD in population, its biological, psychological and social components and its impact on the economy of the country, have been discussed...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940102/association-of-environmental-enrichment-and-locomotor-stimulation-in-a-rodent-model-of-cerebral-palsy-insights-of-biological-mechanisms
#20
André L F Meireles, Marília R Marques, Ethiane Segabinazi, Christiano Spindler, Francele V Piazza, Gabriela S Salvalaggio, Otávio A Augustin, Matilde Achaval, Simone Marcuzzo
Several physiotherapy approaches are used with different aims in the treatment of cerebral palsy (CP), such as the early stimulation and the locomotor training, but their biological effects, isolated or combined, are not completely known. In animals models, these strategies can be compared, with due translational restrictions, to the environmental enrichment (EE), that involves the enhancement of animal's physical and social environment, and locomotor stimulation (LS), that can be performed using the treadmill adapted for rats...
January 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
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