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Musculoskeletal rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662781/the-effect-of-chinese-martial-arts-tai-chi-chuan-on-prevention-of-osteoporosis-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Tsz Ho Chow, Bo Yee Lee, Adrian Bing Fung Ang, Veronica Yi Ki Cheung, Michelle Man Ching Ho, Saori Takemura
Background/Objective: Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) is suggested to have beneficial effects on the musculoskeletal system. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the evidence of the effect of TCC on bone mineral density (BMD) and its potential for prevention of osteoporosis. Methods: A literature search was conducted using PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases from inception to January 2017. Randomized controlled studies, case-control trials, prospective cohort studies, and cross-sectional studies which evaluated the effect of TCC on BMD were selected without any subject or language restriction...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661429/effects-of-a-physiotherapeutic-protocol-in-respiratory-function-aerobic-capacity-and-quality-of-life-after-kidney-transplantation
#2
L Campanati-Palhares, T C Simoncini, P G da Silva Augusto, F D Masi Galhardo, M G Pereira, B S Vian, M Mazzali
INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease can lead to dysfunction of the respiratory, cardiac, and musculoskeletal systems, altering the body's metabolism. Renal transplantation and hospital physiotherapy, through specific protocols, can improve these dysfunctions. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the impact of a hospital physiotherapeutic protocol in quality of life (QoL), respiratory muscle strength, peak expiratory flow, and 6-minute walk test (6MWT) in the preoperative, first, and fifth days after renal transplantation...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658673/-application-of-rehabilitation-medicine-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery
#3
Haijun Li, Zuobing Chen
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has been widely used in perioperative optimization. As an important component of ERAS, rehabilitation medicine mainly focuses on perioperative physical fitness management, respiratory training, exercise training to reduce the incidence of postoperative pulmonary infection, improve gastrointestinal and cardiopulmonary function. This paper explains rehabilitation medicine for respiratory, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and digestive systems during the perioperative period...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644888/motor-skill-training-in-musculoskeletal-pain-a-case-report-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#4
Vanessa M Lanier, Catherine E Lang, Linda R Van Dillen
PURPOSE: Low back pain is a chronic condition that limits function. The chief reason individuals with low back pain seek care is difficulty performing functional activities. A novel approach to improving performance of painful and limited functional activities is motor skill training, defined as challenging practice of activities to learn or relearn a skill. The purpose of this report is to describe the design and application of a motor skill training intervention in a 26-year-old man with a 10-year history of low back pain...
April 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608459/measuring-work-functioning-in-individuals-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-with-reference-to-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-a-systematic-literature-review
#5
Annika Sternberg, Matthias Bethge
The assessment of work functioning is important to define needs in the context of vocational rehabilitation. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) serves as a framework to describe functioning and health. In reference to the ICF, work functioning can be described as consisting of work activities and work participation. A range of instruments are used in rehabilitation practice to assess work functioning. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify questionnaires measuring work functioning with reference to the ICF and to describe these instruments, their linkage to the ICF, and their psychometric properties...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588861/standing-practice-in-rehabilitation-early-after-stroke-spires-a-functional-standing-frame-programme-prolonged-standing-and-repeated-sit-to-stand-to-improve-function-and-quality-of-life-and-reduce-neuromuscular-impairment-in-people-with-severe-sub-acute-stroke
#6
Angie Logan, Jennifer Freeman, Bridie Kent, Jillian Pooler, Siobhan Creanor, Jane Vickery, Doyo Enki, Andrew Barton, Jonathan Marsden
Background: The most common physical deficit caused by a stroke is muscle weakness which limits a person's mobility. Mobility encompasses activities necessary for daily functioning: getting in and out bed, on/off toilet, sitting, standing and walking. These activities are significantly affected in people with severe stroke who typically spend most of their time in bed or a chair and are immobile. Immobility is primarily caused by neurological damage but exacerbated by secondary changes in musculoskeletal and cardiorespiratory systems...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584538/reducing-fear-of-reinjury-and-pain-perception-among-athletes-with-first-time-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructions-by-implementing-imagery-training
#7
Rosa M Rodriguez, Ashley Marroquin, Nicole Cosby
Injuries are an inevitable part of competitive sports as well a recreational activities. Research shows that one of the most common musculoskeletal complaints that accounts for approximately 48 out of 1,000 patients are knee related injuries.1 As noted, approximately nine percent of these knee complaints are related to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries.2 ,3 The ACL is commonly injured in contact sports via a non-contact action such as planting, cutting, landing on a hyperextended knee, or pivoting and sudden deceleration...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575090/gait-mechanics-and-tibiofemoral-loading-in-men-of-the-acl-sports-randomized-control-trial
#8
Jacob J Capin, Ashutosh Khandha, Ryan Zarzycki, Amelia J H Arundale, Melissa L Ziegler, Kurt Manal, Thomas S Buchanan, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
The risk for post-traumatic osteoarthritis is elevated after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), and may be especially high among individuals with aberrant walking mechanics, such as medial tibiofemoral joint underloading six months post-operatively. Rehabilitation training programs have been proposed as one strategy to address aberrant gait mechanics. We developed the anterior cruciate ligament specialized post-operative return-to-sports (ACL-SPORTS) randomized control trial to test the effect of 10 post-operative training sessions consisting of strength, agility, plyometric, and secondary prevention exercises (SAPP) or SAPP plus perturbation (SAPP + PERT) training on gait mechanics after ACLR...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574439/randomised-controlled-trial-of-exercise-to-prevent-shoulder-problems-in-women-undergoing-breast-cancer-treatment-study-protocol-for-the-prevention-of-shoulder-problems-trial-uk-prosper
#9
Julie Bruce, Esther Williamson, Clare Lait, Helen Richmond, Lauren Betteley, Ranjit Lall, Stavros Petrou, Sophie Rees, Emma J Withers, Sarah E Lamb, Alastair M Thompson
Musculoskeletal shoulder problems are common after breast cancer treatment. Early postoperative exercises targeting the upper limb may improve shoulder function. This protocol describes a National Institute for Health Research-funded randomised controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of an early supervised structured exercise programme compared with usual care, for women at high risk of developing shoulder problems after breast cancer surgery. METHODS: This pragmatic two-armed, multicentre RCT is underway within secondary care in the UK...
March 23, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566606/erratum
#10
(no author information available yet)
Karimi MT. The Evaluation of Foot Rockers on the Kinematic Parameters of Individuals With Diabetes [published online ahead of print October 4, 2017]. Foot Ankle Surg. 2017. doi: 10.1177/1938640017729500 The above article was published OnlineFirst with the following errors which have now been corrected. On the first page, the author's details were incorrect. The correct details should read as below. Author Name - Mohammad Taghi Karimi, PhD Affiliations - Musculoskeletal Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran Rehabilitation Sciences Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz Iran Under the 'Discussion' section, first para, the in-text citation of reference number 24 was missing...
April 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566559/prognostic-accuracy-of-the-simbo-regarding-future-return-to-work-problems-in-patients-with-mental-and-musculoskeletal-disorders
#11
Marco Streibelt, Matthias Bethge
PURPOSE: A screening instrument (0-100 points) to predict return-to-work (RTW) problems was developed. We tested the predictive validity in patients with mental diseases (MD) and musculoskeletal diseases (MSD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective multicenter study with questionnaires at admission and 3 months after rehabilitation was conducted. Patients with MD and MSD were included. The outcome was occurrence of RTW problems during the follow-up. Receiver operating characteristic analyses were performed...
March 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566421/the-role-of-virtual-rehabilitation-in-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty
#12
Morad Chughtai, Jared M Newman, Assem A Sultan, Anton Khlopas, Sergio M Navarro, Anil Bhave, Michael A Mont
Virtual rehabilitation therapies have been developed to focus on improving care for those suffering from various musculoskeletal disorders. There has been evidence suggesting that real-time virtual rehabilitation may be equivalent to conventional methods for adherence, improvement of function, and relief of pain seen in these conditions. This study specifically evaluated the use of a virtual physical therapy/rehabilitation platform for use during the postoperative period after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
March 22, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554017/early-workplace-dialogue-in-physiotherapy-practice-improved-work-ability-at-one-year-follow-up-workup-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-primary-care
#13
Charlotte Post Sennehed, Sara Holmberg, Iben Axén, Kjerstin Stigmar, Malin Forsbrand, Ingemar F Petersson, Birgitta Grahn
Workplace involvement in rehabilitation for patients with musculoskeletal pain may improve work ability. Convergence Dialogue Meeting (CDM) is a model aimed at helping the patient, the care giver and the employer to support work ability and return to work. Our aim was to study the effect on work ability when adding a workplace dialogue according to CDM in physiotherapy practice for pain patients in ordinary primary care. We conducted a prospective pair wise cluster randomised controlled trial (ClinicalTrials...
March 15, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554014/impaired-trunk-flexor-strength-fatigability-and-steadiness-in-postpartum-women
#14
Rita E Deering, Meredith Cruz, Jonathon W Senefeld, Tatyana Pashibin, Sarah Eickmeyer, Sandra K Hunter
PURPOSE: To determine whether postpartum women (vaginal and Cesarean delivery) have deficits in trunk flexor strength, fatigability and steadiness, compared with nulligravid women, up to 26 weeks postpartum. We hypothesized that postpartum women would be weaker, more fatigable and have greater torque fluctuations than controls, with Cesarean delivery showing greater deficits than vaginal delivery. METHODS: 22 control women (nulligravid) and 29 postpartum women (20-40 years, 19 who delivered via vaginal birth, 13 via Caesarian section) participated...
March 16, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550641/analysis-of-shoulder-compressive-and-shear-forces-during-functional-activities-of-daily-life
#15
Christian Klemt, Joe A Prinold, Sharon Morgans, Samuel H L Smith, Daniel Nolte, Peter Reilly, Anthony M J Bull
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of forces acting through the glenohumeral joint during activities of daily living is a prerequisite for improving implant design and aiding rehabilitation planning. Existing data are limited by the number of activities performed and, in some cases, the lack of representation of the glenohumeral loading direction, although high shear force components may cause joint dislocation or implant loosening. This study aims to analyse shoulder compression and shear force components during essential functional activities of daily living...
March 14, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549605/test-retest-reliability-agreement-and-responsiveness-of-productivity-loss-ipcq-vr-and-healthcare-utilization-ticp-vr-questionnaires-for-sick-workers-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain
#16
Timo T Beemster, Judith M van Velzen, Coen A M van Bennekom, Michiel F Reneman, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
The purpose of this study was to assess test-retest reliability, agreement, and responsiveness of questionnaires on productivity loss (iPCQ-VR) and healthcare utilization (TiCP-VR) for sick-listed workers with chronic musculoskeletal pain who were referred to vocational rehabilitation. Methods Test-retest reliability and agreement was assessed with a 2-week interval. Responsiveness was assessed at discharge after a 15-week vocational rehabilitation (VR) program. Data was obtained from six Dutch VR centers. Test-retest reliability was determined with intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Cohen's kappa...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547446/long-term-retention-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-training-during-residency
#17
Robert W Irwin, Jeffrey Smith, S Barry Issenberg
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (ABPMR) developed milestones for evaluation of resident physicians that include proper musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) examination of major joints. To date, there have been no published data demonstrating acquisition and retention of these skills and correlation with the milestone evaluation. The investigators developed and implemented a curriculum in musculoskeletal ultrasound examination for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) residents at a large academic medical center...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534234/cost-effectiveness-of-hydrotherapy-versus-land-based-therapy-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-singapore
#18
Monica Teng, Hui Jun Zhou, Liang Lin, Pang Hung Lim, Doreen Yeo, Suzanne Goh, Soon Yin Tjan, Boon Peng Lim
Background: The study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of hydrotherapy versus land-based therapy in patients with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in Singapore. Methods: A decision-analytic model was constructed to compare the cost-effectiveness of hydrotherapy to land-based therapy over 3 months from societal perspective. Target population comprised patients with low back pain (LBP), osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR)...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526972/-work-accommodation-at-the-time-of-return-to-work-for-workers-on-sick-leave-a-qualitative-systematic-review-with-recommendations-for-return-to-work-guidance-2017
#19
Kazuhiro Nogawa, Noriko Kojimahara
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to determine whether work accommodation at the time of return-to-work (RTW) following a period of sick leave would improve work-related outcomes. Using a Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach, we developed recommendations applicable to the field of occupational health in Japan. METHOD: We approached our review question for "Evidence-based Return-to-work Guidance in Occupational Health 2017 (RTW 2017)" using a PICO framework (P: workers on sick leave; I: work accommodation; C: usual care; O: improvement of work-related outcomes, such as shortened sick leave period or lower rate of sick leave recurrence)...
March 12, 2018: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525033/rehabilitation-common-problems-and-solutions
#20
REVIEW
Kevin E Wilk, Christopher A Arrigo
There are numerous complications that can occur following a musculoskeletal injury or surgery in the sporting population. Prevention of the most frequent complications is the key in any successful rehabilitation program, but occasionally problems do occur. A thorough well-designed postoperative or postinjury rehabilitation program may prevent these problems. However, if complications do arise, a team approach among the parties involved in the process to develop an evidenced-based treatment program designed for the underlying complication can successfully treat these issues...
April 2018: Clinics in Sports Medicine
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