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Musculoskeletal rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919671/supracondylar-femoral-osteotomy-and-knee-joint-replacement-during-the-same-surgical-procedure-in-a-type-a-haemophiliac-patient-with-knee-flexion-deformity-and-ankylosis
#1
Jose Luis Osma Rueda, Alejandra Oliveros Vargas, Cristian David Sosa
BACKGROUND: Haemophilia A is the cause of diverse musculoskeletal disorders such as ankylosis, arthritis and associated angular deformity. There are few reported cases in patients with haemophilia A in which simultaneous supracondylar femoral osteotomy and knee joint replacement has been performed to treat knee angular deformity and ankylosis. Here we present the case of an 18year old male patient, with an evolution of two years, who was unable to walk due to the presence of an untreated supracondylar fracture in the left femur and ipsilateral haemophilic arthropathy which led him to develop an ankylosis in flexion close to 70°...
December 2, 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891243/a-comprehensive-musculoskeletal-and-peripheral-nervous-system-assessment-of-war-related-bilateral-upper-extremity-amputees
#2
Mostafa Allami, Batool Mousavi, Mehdi Masoumi, Ehsan Modirian, Hadi Shojaei, Fatemeh Mirsalimi, Maryam Hosseini, Pirouz Pirouzi
BACKGROUND: Upper limb amputations are one of the unpleasant war injuries that armed forces are exposed to frequently. The present study aimed to assess the musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous systems in Iraq-Iran war veterans with bilateral upper extremity amputation. METHODS: The study consisted of taking a history and clinical examinations including demographic data, presence and location of pain, level of amputation, passive and active ranges of movement of the joints across the upper and lower extremities and spine, manual palpation, neurological examination, blood circulation pulses and issues related to a prosthetic limb...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886698/regional-rheumatic-disorders-and-rehabilitation-in-older-adults
#3
REVIEW
Ana T Acevedo, Adrienne Jackson, Katharine E Alter
Musculoskeletal problems are the most frequently reported complaints among older adults living in the community. The impact of the aging process on skeletal muscles and joints can have a profound effect on the ability of individuals with and without disabilities to function. This article reviews the rehabilitation medicine approach to the evaluation of older adults with regional rheumatic disorders, and the rehabilitation medicine considerations for clinical interventions. Future research considerations are encouraged in order to gain a greater understanding of the subject matter and its impact on the provision of care and patients' quality of life...
February 2017: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882909/european-initiative-for-the-application-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-development-of-clinical-assessment-schedules-for-specified-rehabilitation-services
#4
Birgit Prodinger, Anke Scheel-Sailer, Reuben Escorpizo, Gerold Stucki
BACKGROUND: Clinical assessment schedule (CLAS) is a core part of the ICF-based implementation of functioning reporting across health conditions and along the continuum of care. AIM: The Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section and Board of the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS PRM) workshop held in January 2016 aimed to develop and specify a CLAS within the context of rehabilitation services. SETTING: UEMS PRM Workshop in Nottwil, Switzerland, January 2016...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878690/willingness-to-pay-and-the-sensitivity-of-willingness-to-pay-for-interdisciplinary-musculoskeletal-clinics-a-contingent-valuation-study-in-quebec-canada
#5
Thomas G Poder, Jie He
Orthopedics is a discipline that requires a continuum of care in close collaboration with physicians, nurses, and healthcare professionals to ensure effective rehabilitation. In some cases, the wait time for a consultation may be very long, which can jeopardize the patient's rehabilitation and sometimes even cause complications that lead to a loss of autonomy. In Quebec, there is a severe shortage of healthcare professionals-and of orthopedic surgeons, in particular-specializing in musculoskeletal problems...
December 2016: Int J Health Econ Manag
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866992/comorbidities-that-cause-pain-and-the-contributors-to-pain-in-individuals-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
Yi-Wen Chen, Pat G Camp, Harvey O Coxson, Jeremy D Road, Jordan A Guenette, Michael A Hunt, W Darlene Reid
OBJECTIVE: To determine comorbidities that cause pain and the potential contributors to pain in individuals with COPD. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional survey study. SETTING: Pulmonary rehabilitation programs of six centers. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of individuals with COPD who attended pulmonary rehabilitation programs (n=137). In total, 100 (73%) returned the survey packages. Of those responders, 96 (70%) participants were included in the analyses...
November 17, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866433/rasch-validation-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-lower-extremity-functional-scale
#7
Ali H Alnahdi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the internal construct validity of the Arabic version of the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (20-item Arabic LEFS) using Rasch analysis. METHODS: Patients (n = 170) with lower extremity musculoskeletal dysfunction were recruited. Rasch analysis of 20-item Arabic LEFS was performed. Once the initial Rasch analysis indicated that the 20-item Arabic LEFS did not fit the Rasch model, follow-up analyses were conducted to improve the fit of the scale to the Rasch measurement model...
November 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866430/assessing-catastrophic-thinking-associated-with-debilitating-mental-health-conditions
#8
Emily Moore, Heather Adams, Tamra Ellis, Pascal Thibault, Michael J L Sullivan
PURPOSE: The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Symptom Catastrophizing Scale (SCS). The SCS items were drawn from the Pain Catastrophizing Scale but were modified to make them better suited to the context of debilitating mental health conditions that are not necessarily associated with pain. The number of items was reduced from 13 to 7, and the response scale was simplified. METHODS: The SCS was administered to individuals diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) (N = 79) or with a chronic musculoskeletal (MSK) condition (N = 88)...
November 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858678/clinicians-perspective-of-the-current-diagnostic-criteria-for-myofascial-pain-syndrome
#9
L Grosman-Rimon, Hance Clarke, Patricia Branco Mills, Aaron Kin-Yun Chan, Dinesh Kumbhare
INTRODUCTION: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the most common chronic musculoskeletal pain disorders. However, MPS is often under-diagnosed. The purpose of this study was to characterize practicing clinicians' perspectives of the current diagnostic criteria for MPS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used with a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire evaluated clinicians' perspective of the current diagnostic criteria for MPS. The sample population (n= 119) consisted of 40% family physicians, 31% physical medicine (PM) and rehabilitation specialists, 11% rheumatologists, 10% emergency room (ER) physicians, and 8% anesthesiologists specializing in chronic pain...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855057/-sensitivity-and-antibiotic-resistance-in-infections-of-the-musculoskeletal-system
#10
Argenis Mata-Hernández, Adrián Huematzin Rivera-Villa, Adrián Miguel-Pérez, José Manuel Pérez-Atanasio, Rubén Torres-González
BACKGROUND: Infections of the musculoskeletal system are a devastating complication for patients, due to it's long rehabilitation process and even sometimes the removal of the implant, the chronicity of infection, is often due to lack of coverage in empirical antibiotics. METHODS: A retrospective, observational, descriptive cohort study was performed. All cultures form musculoskeletal system infected patients reported of sensitivity and resistance of germs isolated were analyzed...
2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854288/a-new-multi-sensor-fusion-scheme-to-improve-the-accuracy-of-knee-flexion-kinematics-for-functional-rehabilitation-movements
#11
Halim Tannous, Dan Istrate, Aziz Benlarbi-Delai, Julien Sarrazin, Didier Gamet, Marie Christine Ho Ba Tho, Tien Tuan Dao
Exergames have been proposed as a potential tool to improve the current practice of musculoskeletal rehabilitation. Inertial or optical motion capture sensors are commonly used to track the subject's movements. However, the use of these motion capture tools suffers from the lack of accuracy in estimating joint angles, which could lead to wrong data interpretation. In this study, we proposed a real time quaternion-based fusion scheme, based on the extended Kalman filter, between inertial and visual motion capture sensors, to improve the estimation accuracy of joint angles...
November 15, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853055/health-status-assessment-of-workers-during-construction-phase-of-highway-rehabilitation-projects-around-lahore-pakistan
#12
Amina Abrar, Kausar Jamal Cheema, Samia Saif, Asim Mahmood
OBJECTIVE: The study focused on assessment of the health status of workers during construction phase of highway rehabilitation projects at six selected sites of N5 around Lahore, including Kala Shah Kaku, Muridke, Kamuki, Bhaipheru, Pattoki, and Okara. METHODS: The study was based on multi-methods approach involving hazard identification through survey and checklist as well as a questionnaire for health status assessment and measurements of health parameters including peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and audiometric screening of 300 subjects...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834436/secondary-health-conditions-and-quality-of-life-in-persons-living-with-spinal-cord-injury-for-at-least-ten-years
#13
Jacinthe J E Adriaansen, Laura E M Ruijs, Casper F van Koppenhagen, Floris W A van Asbeck, Govert J Snoek, Dirk van Kuppevelt, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Marcel W M Post
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of secondary health conditions among persons with long-term spinal cord injury, and the relationship between these secondary health conditions and quality of life. DESIGN: Multicentre, cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: Individuals (n = 282) with traumatic or non-traumatic spinal cord injury for ≥ 10 years, age at injury 18-35 years, current age 28-65 years, and using a wheelchair. METHODS: Occurrence of 13 secondary health conditions was assessed during a consultation with a rehabilitation physician...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825146/regenerative-and-rehabilitative-medicine-a-necessary-synergy-for-functional-recovery-from-volumetric-muscle-loss-injury
#14
Sarah M Greising, Christopher L Dearth, Benjamin T Corona
Volumetric muscle loss (VML) is a complex and heterogeneous problem due to significant traumatic or surgical loss of skeletal muscle tissue. The consequences of VML are substantial functional deficits in joint range of motion and skeletal muscle strength, resulting in life-long dysfunction and disability. Traditional physical medicine and rehabilitation paradigms do not address the magnitude of force loss due to VML and related musculoskeletal comorbidities. Recent advancements in regenerative medicine have set forth encouraging and emerging therapeutic options for VML injuries...
2016: Cells, Tissues, Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821103/a-comparison-of-multidisciplinary-team-residential-rehabilitation-with-conventional-outpatient-care-for-the-treatment-of-non-arthritic-intra-articular-hip-pain-in-uk-military-personnel-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Russell J Coppack, James L Bilzon, Andrew K Wills, Ian M McCurdie, Laura Partridge, Alastair M Nicol, Alexander N Bennett
BACKGROUND: Non-arthritic hip disorders are defined as abnormalities of the articulating surfaces of the acetabulum and femur before the onset of osteoarthritis, including intra-articular structures such as the acetabular labrum and chondral surfaces. Abnormal femoroacetabular morphology is commonly seen in young men who constitute much of the UK military population. Residential multidisciplinary team (MDT) rehabilitation for patients with musculoskeletal injuries has a long tradition in the UK military, however, there are no studies presenting empirical data on the efficacy of a residential MDT approach compared with individualised conventional outpatient treatment...
November 8, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818975/effect-of-muscle-contractions-on-cartilage-morphological-and-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-evaluation-of-the-knee-after-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Marco Kawamura Demange, Camilo Partezani Helito, Paulo Victor Partezani Helito, Felipe Ferreira de Souza, Riccardo Gomes Gobbi, Alexandre Fogaça Cristante
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of complete absence of muscle contractions on normal human cartilage in the presence of joint motion. METHODS: Patients with complete acute spinal cord injuries were enrolled. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on both knees as soon as their medical condition was stable and at six months after the primary lesion. All patients received rehabilitation treatment that included lower-limb passive motion exercises twice a day...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815771/effects-of-inpatient-multicomponent-occupational-rehabilitation-versus-less-comprehensive-outpatient-rehabilitation-on-somatic-and-mental-health-secondary-outcomes-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Ottar Vasseljen, Roar Johnsen, Sigmund Gismervik, Chris Jensen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Purpose To evaluate effects on somatic and mental health of a multicomponent inpatient occupational rehabilitation program compared to a less comprehensive outpatient program in individuals on sick leave for musculoskeletal complaints or mental health disorders. Methods A randomized clinical trial with parallel groups. Participants were individuals on sick-leave for 2-12 months with a sick-leave diagnosis within the musculoskeletal, psychological or general and unspecified chapters of ICPC-2. Potential participants were identified in the Social Security System Registry...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814368/chronic-musculoskeletal-disabilities-following-snake-envenoming-in-sri-lanka-a-population-based-study
#18
Subashini Jayawardana, Ariaranee Gnanathasan, Carukshi Arambepola, Thashi Chang
BACKGROUND: Snakebite is a major public health problem in agricultural communities in the tropics leading to acute local and systemic impairments with resultant disabilities. Snakebite related long-term musculoskeletal disabilities have been a neglected area of research. We conducted a population-based, cross-sectional study in an agricultural community to describe the chronic musculoskeletal disabilities of snake envenoming. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A sample representative of residents of a single district in a region of high incidence of snake envenoming was recruited to identify ever snakebite victims...
November 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811517/unique-issues-in-the-rehabilitation-of-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-athlete-after-musculoskeletal-injury
#19
Mark V Paterno
Youth sports participation is on the rise, resulting in an increase in sports-related injuries in the pediatric and adolescent population. The presentation of injury, pathology, and disease in this younger population is often unique and may require customize and novel medical and rehabilitation interventions to optimize the outcome. The purpose of this review is to highlight unique considerations in the rehabilitation management of the pediatric and adolescent athlete. General guidelines for progression of this population through a criteria-based rehabilitation program with a focus on a systematic return to sport algorithm will be reviewed...
December 2016: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803618/effect-of-3-different-applications-of-kinesio-taping-denko%C3%A2-on-electromyographic-activity-inhibition-or-facilitation-of-the-quadriceps-of-males-during-squat-exercise
#20
Júlio C Serrão, Bruno Mezêncio, João G Claudino, Rafael Soncin, Pedro L Sampaio Miyashiro, Eric P Sousa, Eduardo Borges, Vinícius Zanetti, Igor Phillip, Luiz Mochizuki, Alberto C Amadio
: Kinesio taping consists of a technique which uses the application of an elastic adhesive tape. It has become a widely used rehabilitation modality for the prevention and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. The objective of this study was to verify the effect of the application of Kinesio Taping Denko(®) in three conditions (facilitation, inhibition, and placebo) on the electromyographic activity of the quadriceps and hamstrings muscles on facilitating or inhibiting the muscle function and on the perceived exertion during the barbell back squat exercise in healthy male subjects...
September 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
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