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Biochar ash

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664248/biochar-physicochemical-parameters-as-a-result-of-feedstock-material-and-pyrolysis-temperature-predictable-for-the-fate-of-biochar-in-soil
#1
Kateřina Břendová, Jiřina Száková, Miloslav Lhotka, Tereza Krulikovská, Miroslav Punčochář, Pavel Tlustoš
Biochar application is a widely investigated topic nowadays, and precisely described biochar parameters are key information for the understanding of its behaviour in soil and other media. Pore structure and surface properties determine biochar fate. However, there is lack of complex, investigative studies describing the influence of biomass properties and pyrolysis conditions on the pore structure of biochars. The aim of our study was to evaluate a wide range of gathered agriculture residues and elevated pyrolysis temperature on the biochar surface properties and pore composition, predicting biochar behaviour in the soil...
June 29, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637163/the-impacts-of-biomass-properties-on-pyrolysis-yields-economic-and-environmental-performance-of-the-pyrolysis-bioenergy-biochar-platform-to-carbon-negative-energy
#2
Wenqin Li, Qi Dang, Robert C Brown, David Laird, Mark M Wright
This study evaluated the impact of biomass properties on the pyrolysis product yields, economic and environmental performance for the pyrolysis-biochar-bioenergy platform. We developed and applied a fast pyrolysis, feedstock-sensitive, regression-based chemical process model to 346 different feedstocks, which were grouped into five types: woody, stalk/cob/ear, grass/plant, organic residue/product and husk/shell/pit. The results show that biomass ash content of 0.3-7.7wt% increases biochar yield from 0.13 to 0...
October 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628867/the-improvement-of-multi-contaminated-sandy-loam-soil-chemical-and-biological-properties-by-the-biochar-wood-ash-and-humic-substances-amendments
#3
Maria Pukalchik, Filip Mercl, Maria Panova, Kateřina Břendová, Vera A Terekhova, Pavel Tlustoš
Nowadays trace metal contamination of soils represents an important environmental hazard. Nevertheless, the use of some secondary waste products as amendments may restore the common soil functions. This paper focuses on the chemical and biological influence of wood biochar (BC), wood ash (WA) and humic substances (HS), alone and in the mixtures, on a heavily multi-contaminated sandy loam soil. The soil was amended by above-mentioned materials to follow a pH-increasing design (pHCa from 6.0 to 6.5, 7.0 and 7...
June 30, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578243/comparative-study-on-pharmaceuticals-adsorption-in-reclaimed-water-desalination-concentrate-using-biochar-impact-of-salts-and-organic-matter
#4
Lu Lin, Wenbin Jiang, Pei Xu
The synergistic impact of salts and organic matter on adsorption of ibuprofen and sulfamethoxazole by three types of biochar and an activated carbon was investigated using reclaimed water reverse osmosis (RO) concentrate and synthetic solutions spiked with target organic compounds and non-target water constituents (e.g., Na(+), Ca(2+), Mg(2+), K(+), Cl(-), SO4(2-), alkalinity, humic acid (HA), and bovine serum albumin (BSA)). Kinetic modeling was used to better understand the adsorption process between the carbon adsorbents and pharmaceuticals and to elucidate the impact of water chemistry on pharmaceuticals adsorption...
June 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493951/properties-of-biochar-derived-from-wood-and-high-nutrient-biomasses-with-the-aim-of-agronomic-and-environmental-benefits
#5
Rimena R Domingues, Paulo F Trugilho, Carlos A Silva, Isabel Cristina N A de Melo, Leônidas C A Melo, Zuy M Magriotis, Miguel A Sánchez-Monedero
Biochar production and use are part of the modern agenda to recycle wastes, and to retain nutrients, pollutants, and heavy metals in the soil and to offset some greenhouse gas emissions. Biochars from wood (eucalyptus sawdust, pine bark), sugarcane bagasse, and substances rich in nutrients (coffee husk, chicken manure) produced at 350, 450 and 750°C were characterized to identify agronomic and environmental benefits, which may enhance soil quality. Biochars derived from wood and sugarcane have greater potential for improving C storage in tropical soils due to a higher aromatic character, high C concentration, low H/C ratio, and FTIR spectra features as compared to nutrient-rich biochars...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488463/in-situ-biogas-upgrading-during-anaerobic-digestion-of-food-waste-amended-with-walnut-shell-biochar-at-bench-scale
#6
Jessica L Linville, Yanwen Shen, Patricia A Ignacio-de Leon, Robin P Schoene, Meltem Urgun-Demirtas
A modified version of an in-situ CO2 removal process was applied during anaerobic digestion of food waste with two types of walnut shell biochar at bench scale under batch operating mode. Compared with the coarse walnut shell biochar, the fine walnut shell biochar has a higher ash content (43 vs. 36 wt%) and higher concentrations of calcium (31 vs. 19 wt% of ash), magnesium (8.4 vs. 5.6 wt% of ash) and sodium (23.4 vs. 0.3 wt% of ash), but a lower potassium concentration (0.2 vs. 40% wt% of ash). The 0.96-3...
May 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487174/characterization-of-biochar-prepared-from-biogas-digestate
#7
Chao-Yi Hung, Wen-Tien Tsai, Jie-Wei Chen, Yu-Quan Lin, Yuan-Ming Chang
In the study, the biogas digestate was evaluated as a potential feedstock for preparing biochars at a broad temperature range of 300-900°C. The physico-chemical and pore properties of the resulting biochars (denoted as SDBC, solid digestate biochar), including calorific value (higher heating value), surface area/pore volume/pore size distribution, true density, scanning electron microscopy - energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), were studied. It was found that the higher heating values of the SDBC products were on a decreasing trend as pyrolysis temperature increased, but they indicated an increase in true density...
May 6, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456043/comparison-of-cadmium-and-lead-sorption-by-phyllostachys-pubescens-biochar-produced-under-a-low-oxygen-pyrolysis-atmosphere
#8
Chao Zhang, Baoqing Shan, Wenzhong Tang, Yaoyao Zhu
Phyllostachys pubescens (PP) biochars produced under a low oxygen pyrolysis atmosphere (oxygen content 1-4%) were prepared as sorbents for investigating the mechanisms of cadmium and lead sorption. A low-oxygen pyrolysis atmosphere increased biochar ash and specific surface area, promoting heavy metal precipitation and complexation. The maximum sorption capacity (Qm) of Pb(2+) obtained from the Langmuir model was 67.4mg·g(-1), while Qm of Cd(2+) was 14.7mg·g(-1). The contribution of each mechanism varied with increasing oxygen content at a low pyrolysis temperature...
August 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399419/biochar-potential-evaluation-of-palm-oil-wastes-through-slow-pyrolysis-thermochemical-characterization-and-pyrolytic-kinetic-studies
#9
Xin Jiat Lee, Lai Yee Lee, Suyin Gan, Suchithra Thangalazhy-Gopakumar, Hoon Kiat Ng
This research investigated the potential of palm kernel shell (PKS), empty fruit bunch (EFB) and palm oil sludge (POS), abundantly available agricultural wastes, as feedstock for biochar production by slow pyrolysis (50mLmin(-1) N2 at 500°C). Various characterization tests were performed to establish the thermochemical properties of the feedstocks and obtained biochars. PKS and EFB had higher lignin, volatiles, carbon and HHV, and lower ash than POS. The thermochemical conversion had enhanced the biofuel quality of PKS-char and EFB-char exhibiting increased HHV (26...
July 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380558/toward-a-better-assessment-of-biochar-nitrous-oxide-mitigation-potential-at-the-field-scale
#10
Elizabeth Verhoeven, Engil Pereira, Charlotte Decock, Emma Suddick, Teri Angst, Johan Six
Through meta-analysis, we synthesize results from field studies on the effect of biochar application on NO emissions and crop yield. We aimed to better constrain the effect of biochar on NO emissions under field conditions, identify significant predictor variables, assess potential synergies and tradeoffs between NO mitigation and yield, and discuss knowledge gaps. The response ratios for yield and NO emissions were weighted by one of two functions: (i) the inverse of the pooled variance or (ii) the inverse of number of observations per field site...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376384/bio-and-hydrochars-from-rice-straw-and-pig-manure-inter-comparison
#11
Yuxue Liu, Shuai Yao, Yuying Wang, Haohao Lu, Satinder Kaur Brar, Shengmao Yang
Conversion of rice straw (RS) and pig manure (PM) into chars is a promising disposal/recycling option. Herein, pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonization were used to produce bio- and hydrochars from RS and PM, affording lower biochar (300-700°C) and hydrochar (180-300°C) yields at higher temperatures within the specified range. The C contents and C/N ratios of RS chars were higher than those of PM ones, with the opposite trend observed for yield and ash content. C and ash contents increased with increasing temperature, whereas H/C, O/C, and (O+N)/C ratios decreased...
July 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372755/immobilization-of-cu-2-and-cd-2-by-earthworm-manure-derived-biochar-in-acidic-circumstance
#12
Zhanghong Wang, Fei Shen, Dekui Shen, Yahui Jiang, Rui Xiao
Earthworm manure, the by-product obtained from the disposing of biowastes by earthworm breeding, is largely produced and employed as a feedstock for biochar preparation through pyrolysis. For repairing acidic soil or acidic electroplating effluent, biochar physicochemical properties would suffer from some changes like an acidic washing process, which hence affected its application functions. Pristine biochar (UBC) from pyrolysis of earthworm manure at 700°C and biochar treated by HCl (WBC) were comparatively investigated regarding their physicochemical properties, adsorption capability and adsorption mechanism of Cu(2+) and Cd(2+) from aqueous solution to explore the immobilization characteristics of biochar in acidic environment...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337620/date-palm-waste-derived-biochar-composites-with-silica-and-zeolite-synthesis-characterization-and-implication-for-carbon-stability-and-recalcitrant-potential
#13
Munir Ahmad, Mahtab Ahmad, Adel R A Usman, Abdullah S Al-Faraj, Adel Abduljabbar, Yong Sik Ok, Mohammad I Al-Wabel
Engineered organo-mineral composites were synthesized from date palm waste biochar and silica or zeolite via mechanochemical treatments. Date palm tree rachis (leaves) waste biomass was pre-treated with silica or zeolite minerals via ball milling and sonication prior to pyrolysis at 600 °C. The resultant organo-mineral composites and pristine materials were characterized using X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric-differential thermal (TG-DTA), Fourier transform infrared, scanning electron microscope analyses and surface area and porosity analyzer to investigate the variations in physiochemical and structural characteristics...
March 23, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284942/investigation-on-by-products-of-bioenergy-systems-anaerobic-digestion-and-gasification-as-potential-crop-nutrient-using-ftir-xrd-sem-analysis-and-phyto-toxicity-test
#14
Sampriti Kataki, Samarendra Hazarika, D C Baruah
Success and acceptability of the bio energy conversion technology to a large extent depend upon management of the inevitable by-products generated during the conversion process. By-products can be considered favourable as organic fertilizer as they retain nutrients with varying composition depending upon input biomass. However, characteristics of these heterogeneous resources with respect to feedstock and processing conditions have to be assessed to state on their agricultural and environmental benefits. Therefore, 3 types of anaerobic digestion by-products (digestate) from surplus biomass viz...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284129/biochar-produced-from-biosolids-using-a-single-mode-microwave-characterisation-and-its-potential-for-phosphorus-removal
#15
Elsa Antunes, James Schumann, Graham Brodie, Mohan V Jacob, Philip A Schneider
The amount of biosolids increases every year, and social and environmental concerns are also rising due to heavy metals and pathogen contamination. Even though biosolids are considered as a waste material, they could be used as a precursor in several applications, especially in agriculture due to the presence of essential nutrients. Microwave assisted pyrolysis (MWAP) is a promising technology to safely manage biosolids, while producing value-added products, such as biochar, that can be used to improve soil fertility...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060497/solid-phase-speciation-and-solubility-of-phosphorus-in-an-acid-sulfate-paddy-soil-during-soil-reduction-and-reoxidation-as-affected-by-oil-palm-ash-and-biochar
#16
Worachart Wisawapipat, Kamolchanok Charoensri, Jirawat Runglerttrakoolchai
Understanding phosphorus (P) speciation and how redox conditions control P solubility in acid sulfate paddy soils with limited P availability is crucial for improving soil P availability. We examined P speciation and extractability in an acid sulfate paddy soil incorporated with oil palm ash (OPA) and biochar (OPB) during soil reduction and subsequent oxidation. Phosphorus K-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectra of the soil samples revealed that P in the soil mainly occurred as P adsorbed to ferrihydrite and P adsorbed to gibbsite...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056371/combined-pretreatment-with-torrefaction-and-washing-using-torrefaction-liquid-products-to-yield-upgraded-biomass-and-pyrolysis-products
#17
Dengyu Chen, Jiaming Mei, Haiping Li, Yiming Li, Mengting Lu, Tingting Ma, Zhongqing Ma
This study presented an approach to upgrade biomass and pyrolysis products using a process based on torrefaction liquid washing combined with torrefaction pretreatment. The torrefaction of cotton stalk was first conducted at 250°C for 30min and then the resulting torrefaction liquid products were collected and reused to wash cottonstalk. The pyrolysis of the original and pretreated cotton stalk was performed at 500°C for 15min in a fixed-bed reactor. The results indicated that the combined pretreatment obviously reduced the metallic species in cotton stalk, decreased the water and acids contents while promoted phenols in bio-oil, declined the ash content in biochar, as well as improved the heating value of non-condensable gas...
March 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052201/rice-husk-silica-derived-nanomaterials-for-battery-applications-a-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Yafei Shen
Silica-rich rice husk (RH) is an abundant and sustainable agricultural waste. The recovery of value-added products from RH or its ash to explore an economic way for the valorization of agricultural wastes has attracted wide attention. For instance, RH can be converted to biofuels and biochars simultaneously via thermochemical processes. In general, the applications of RH biochars include soil remediation, pollutant removal, silicon battery materials, and so forth. This review concludes recent progress in the synthesis of RH-derived silicon materials for lithium-ion battery (LIB) applications...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006756/initial-biochar-properties-related-to-the-removal-of-as-se-pb-cd-cu-ni-and-zn-from-an-acidic-suspension
#19
Joyce S Clemente, Suzanne Beauchemin, Ted MacKinnon, Joseph Martin, Cliff T Johnston, Brad Joern
This study tests the influence of a diverse set of biochar properties on As(V), Se(IV), Cd(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Pb(II), or Zn(II) removal from solution at pH 4.5. Six commercial biochars produced using different feedstock and pyrolysis conditions were extensively characterized using physical, chemical, and spectroscopic techniques, and their properties were correlated to anion and cation removal using multiple linear regression. H/total organic C (TOC) ratio and volatile matter were positively correlated to cation removal from solution, which indicate interactions between metals and non-aromatic C...
March 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002768/the-role-of-ash-content-on-bisphenol-a-sorption-to-biochars-derived-from-different-agricultural-wastes
#20
Jing Li, Ni Liang, Xiuqi Jin, Dandan Zhou, Hao Li, Min Wu, Bo Pan
Inorganic minerals are important compositions in biochars, but their roles in biochar functions are investigated limitedly, which restricted our understanding on biochar applications. This study applied different biomasses to produce biochars. Their properties as well as sorption to bisphenol A (BPA) were studied, with a major focus on the role of inorganic compositions. Oxalates, carbonates, as well as KCl crystals were observed in the produced biochars depending on the feedstocks and temperatures. Oxalates and KCl formed at relatively low temperature (200-300 °C), while carbonates generally formed at pyrolysis temperature above 400 °C...
March 2017: Chemosphere
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