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Functional Bracing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642668/adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-surgical-treatment-and-quality-of-life
#1
Luciano Miller Reis Rodrigues, Alberto Ofenhejm Gotfryd, André Nunes Machado, Matheus Defino, Leonardo Yukio Jorge Asano
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of perioperative factors and their impact on clinical and functional outcomes in Brazilian patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: We performed a prospective study with 49 consecutive AIS patients who underwent spine fusion and had a minimum 2 year follow-up. Clinical and radiographic data were correlated to SRS-30 scores in order to predict postoperative results. RESULTS: There was a negative association between patient age at the time of surgery and back pain...
May 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630854/stacked-flexible-nailing-for-radius-ulna-fractures-revival-of-a-lost-technique
#2
Qaed Dhariwal, Parvez Inamdar, Pankush Arora, Ashok Shyam
INTRODUCTION: Simultaneous radius and ulna fractures are common in adults and generally osteosynthesis with plating is the treatment of choice. Nailing of such fractures is infrequently advocated. We present our unique technique of radius ulna nailing in adults to achieve closed reduction and early predictable union with minimal or no complications. CASE REPORT: Case 1: 22 year old male with midshaft both bones forearm fracture was treated with stacked nailing. Two 2...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607764/chronic-medial-instability-of-the-elbow
#3
REVIEW
Felix H Savoie, Michael O'Brien
Damage to the medial collateral ligament of the elbow from an instability episode usually heals with non-operative treatment. In some cases, residual instability may occur, leading to functional impairment.Non-operative management can be successful when bracing, taping and therapy are used to stabilise the elbow.A recent report detailing the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma in effectively treating ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries in throwers has shown promise. However, there remain specific groups that should be considered for repair or reconstruction...
January 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590765/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-acupuncture-effect-on-common-extensor-tendon-thickness-in-patients-with-lateral-epicondylitis-a-randomized-controlled-study
#4
Fatma Gülçin Ural, Gökhan Tuna Öztürk, Hüma Bölük, Selami Akkuş
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of acupuncture on common extensor tendon (CET) thickness in patients with lateral epicondylitis (LE). Additionally, to identify whether clinical and ultrasonographic changes showed any correlation. METHODS: Forty-one patients were randomly assigned to acupuncture and control groups. Conventional treatment (rest, NSAİİ, bracing, exercise) methods for LE were applied to all patients. In addition to this, the acupuncture treatment was applied to the acupuncture group...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589390/-unloading-with-insoles-orthotics-and-braces-pre-operative-leg-axis-correction-or-independent-treatment
#5
REVIEW
M Kess, C Stärke, P Henle
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading joint disease. In most of the early stages it does not involve the whole knee joint. Often, symptoms only or mainly concern the medial compartment combined with a slight varus malalignment. OBJECTIVES: Do valgus braces or laterally wedged insoles influence biomechanics and thus improve pain and function in patients with medial OA? Does the OA grade, severity of malalignment or patient's body weight predict the efficacy of the above-mentioned conservative treatment options? MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current literature was reviewed in regard to biomechanical changes to joint loading and their correlation to clinical results...
June 6, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570657/modeling-of-a-viscoelastic-damper-and-its-application-in-structural-control
#6
M H Mehrabi, Meldi Suhatril, Zainah Ibrahim, S S Ghodsi, Hamed Khatibi
Conventional seismic rehabilitation methods may not be suitable for some buildings owing to their high cost and time-consuming foundation work. In recent years, viscoelastic dampers (VEDs) have been widely used in many mid- and high-rise buildings. This study introduces a viscoelastic passive control system called rotary rubber braced damper (RRBD). The RRBD is an economical, lightweight, and easy-to-assemble device. A finite element model considering nonlinearity, large deformation, and material damage is developed to conduct a parametric study on different damper sizes under pushover cyclic loading...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566872/treatment-of-class-ii-malocclusion-and-impacted-canines-with-two-phase-orthodontic-treatment
#7
Vaibhav Gandhi, Falguni Mehta, Hrishabh Joshi
Twin Block appliance has been widely used for the treatment of Class II malocclusions in growing subjects, due to its versatility and its highly compliance nature. There are certain clinical indications where functional appliances can be used successfully in Class II malocclusion as in a growing patient. In using these appliances, the main concern is compliance of patients. This appliance simplifies the progression of treatment with fixed orthodontic braces later on. In this case, a 14-year-old adolescent was treated with Twin Block appliance followed by fixed appliances for finishing and detailing...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566396/successful-return-to-sports-in-athletes-following-non-operative-management-of-acute-isolated-posterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-medium-term-follow-up
#8
D Agolley, A Gabr, H Benjamin-Laing, F S Haddad
AIMS: The aim of this study was to report the outcome of the non-operative treatment of high-grade posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries, particularly Hughston grade III injuries, which have not previously been described. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study involving 46 consecutive patients who were athletes with MRI-confirmed isolated PCL injuries presenting within four weeks of injury. All had Hughston grade II (25 athletes) or III (21 athletes) injuries...
June 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564742/prophylactic-bracing-has-no-effect-on-lower-extremity-alignment-or-functional-performance
#9
Garrett A Hueber, Emily A Hall, Brad W Sage, Carrie L Docherty
Prophylactic ankle bracing is commonly used during physical activity. Understanding how bracing affects body mechanics is critically important when discussing both injury prevention and sport performance. The purpose is to determine if ankle bracing affects lower extremity mechanics during the Landing Error Scoring System test (LESS) and Sage Sway Index (SSI). Thirty physically active participants volunteered for this study. Participants completed the LESS and SSI in both a braced and unsupported conditions...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554052/acute-effects-of-spinal-bracing-on-scapular-kinematics-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#10
Gozde Gur, Elif Turgut, Cigdem Ayhan, Gul Baltaci, Yavuz Yakut
BACKGROUND: Bracing is the most common nonsurgical treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spinal braces affect glenohumeral and scapulothoracic motion because they restrict trunk movements. However, the potential spinal-bracing effects on scapular kinematics are unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the acute effects of spinal bracing on scapular kinematics in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: Scapular kinematics, including scapular internal/external rotation, posterior/anterior tilting, and downward/upward rotation during scapular plane elevation, were evaluated in 27 in-brace and out-of-brace adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with a three-dimensional electromagnetic tracking system...
May 22, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529002/isyqol-a-rasch-consistent-questionnaire-for-measuring-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-spinal-deformities
#11
Antonio Caronni, Luciana Sciumè, Sabrina Donzelli, Fabio Zaina, Stefano Negrini
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: - Spinal deformities are commonly associated with poor HRQOL. Several questionnaires (e.g. SRS-24 and SRS-22) have been developed to evaluate HRQOL in these conditions. In adults as well as during growth, the HRQOL is considered one of the most relevant outcomes of both conservative and surgical treatment. Rasch analysis is a powerful statistical technique for developing high quality and valid questionnaires. The SRS-24 and SRS-22 have been evaluated using the Rasch analysis, but showed poor measurement properties...
May 18, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528482/evertor-muscle-activity-as-a-predictor-for-recurrence-in-idiopathic-clubfoot
#12
Perajit Eamsobhana, Pipat Kongwachirapaitoon, Kamolporn Kaewpornsawan
BACKGROUND: Clubfoot is a complex three-dimensional deformity. Although brace compliance after initial correction was previously found to be significantly associated with recurrence in clubfoot, few previous studies have specifically examined evertor muscle function as a factor that contributes to recurrence in children with idiopathic and non-idiopathic clubfoot. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship among brace compliance, evertor muscle grading, and recurrence rate in pediatric clubfoot patients...
May 20, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525472/a-comparison-of-implants-used-in-open-door-laminoplasty-structural-rib-allografts-versus-metallic-miniplates
#13
Ehsan Tabaraee, Praveen Mummaneni, Amir Abdul-Jabbar, David Shearer, Esha Roy, Beejal Amin, Christopher Ames, Shane Burch, Vedat Deviren, Sigurd Berven, Serena Hu, Dean Chou, Bobby K Tay
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-controlled study. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Open-door laminoplasty has been successfully used to address cervical spondylotic myelopathy and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. Two common implants include rib allograft struts and metallic miniplates. OBJECTIVE: The goals of this study were to compare outcomes, complications, and costs associated with these 2 implants. METHODS: A retrospective review was done on 51 patients with allograft struts and 55 patients with miniplates...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513248/the-comparative-effects-of-ankle-bracing-on-functional-performance
#14
Thomas M Newman, Giampietro L Vairo, William E Buckley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509825/vascularized-pedicle-bone-grafting-from-the-cuboid-for-talar-osteonecrosis-results-of-a-novel-salvage-procedure
#15
James A Nunley, Kamran S Hamid
BACKGROUND: Osteonecrosis of the talar body represents a complex clinical challenge with treatment options currently limited to core decompression, vascularized and nonvascularized bone-grafting, total talar replacement, and hindfoot arthrodesis. Vascularized pedicle bone-grafting from the cuboid to the talus is a potential alternative to contemporary operative options for replacement of necrotic talar tissue with viable bone. We aimed to analyze functional and radiographic outcomes of vascularized pedicle bone-grafting from the cuboid for the treatment of talar osteonecrosis in a consecutive series of patients spanning a 12-year period...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506490/early-range-of-motion-exercise-in-pediatric-patients-with-olecranon-fractures-treated-with-tension-band-suture-with-double-loops-and-double-knots
#16
Tae Hun Kim, Doo-Hyung Lee, Kyeong Jin Han, Wan Sun Choi, Jae Ho Cho
BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients with olecranon fractures are uncommon. The tension band suture technique was introduced to reduce the burden of implant removal and other complications. However, to our knowledge, early range of motion (ROM) exercise has not been introduced in this population of patients. Double Vicryl loops and knots with 2 cross-pins are used to maintain the benefits of the tension band suture technique and to enhance fixation tensile strength. We believe that early ROM exercises could be achieved without nonunion or fixation failure...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503316/recovery-of-supraspinal-control-of-leg-movement-in-a-chronic-complete-flaccid-paraplegic-man-after-continuous-low-frequency-pelvic-nerve-stimulation-and-fes-assisted-training
#17
Marc Possover, Axel Forman
INTRODUCTION: More than 30 years ago, functional electrical stimulation (FES) was developed as an orthotic system to be used for rehabilitation for SCI patients. In the present case report, FES-assisted training was combined with continuous low-frequency stimulation of the pelvic somatic nerves in a SCI patient. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on unexpected findings in a 41-year-old man with chronic complete flaccid paraplegia, since he was 18 years old, who underwent spinal stem cell therapy and a laparoscopic implantation of neuroprosthesis (LION procedure) in the pelvic lumbosacral nerves...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489761/quality-of-life-in-adolescent-patients-with-idiopathic-scoliosis-after-brace-treatment-a-meta-analysis
#18
Zeng-Dong Meng, Tian-Peng Li, Xu-Hua Xie, Chong Luo, Xing-Ye Lian, Ze-Yu Wang
BACKGROUND: Whether brace-treated adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) have improved quality of life (QoL) is still unknown. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to compare the QoL of brace-treated AIS patients with untreated AIS patients. The pain, self-image/appearance, mental health, function/activity, satisfaction with management, total score without satisfaction, and total score of patients were used to measure the QoL after the intervention. METHODS: Multiple electronic databases including PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase were searched for all years up to June 30, 2016...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482892/a-preliminary-investigation-into-the-design-of-pressure-cushions-and-their-potential-applications-for-forearm-robotic-orthoses
#19
N Alavi, S Zampierin, M Komeili, S Cocuzza, S Debei, C Menon
BACKGROUND: Load cells are often used in rehabilitation robotics to monitor human-robot interaction. While load cells are accurate and suitable for the stationary end-point robots used in rehabilitation hospitals, their cost and inability to conform to the shape of the body hinder their application in developing affordable and wearable robotic orthoses for assisting individuals in the activities of daily living. This exploratory work investigates the possibility of using an alternative technology, namely compliant polymeric air cushions, to measure interaction forces between the user and a wearable rigid structure...
May 8, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458731/allograft-reconstruction-for-sarcomas-of-the-tibia
#20
Vincent Y Ng, Philip Louie, Stephanie Punt, Ernest U Conrad
BACKGROUND: Allograft reconstruction of oncologic resections involving the tibia can have unpredictable results. Prior studies have reported a high rate of complications and a long recovery period involving prolonged bracing, repeated procedures and extended periods of antibiotics. METHODS: The case details of 30 tibial allografts (12 adults, 18 children; 20 intercalary, 7 hemicortical, 3 other) were reviewed retrospectively. Based on factors including function, pain, healing and infection, clinical outcomes were stratified into three categories: excellent, moderate, and poor...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
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