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Acetabular labrum

So Minokawa, Masatoshi Naito, Koichi Kinoshita, Takuaki Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: The vascular supply to the acetabular labrum is important in the treatment of labral lesions. However, in vivo blood flow measurements in the acetabular labrum have not been described in the literature. The purpose of this study was to examine this blood flow in vivo using laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) in patients with acetabular dysplasia. METHODS: Periacetabular osteotomy combined with arthroscopy was performed in 47 consecutive patients (three males, 44 females; mean age at surgery, 35...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Helen Anwander, Klaus A Siebenrock, Moritz Tannast, Simon D Steppacher
BACKGROUND: Since the importance of an intact labrum for normal hip function has been shown, labral reattachment has become the standard method for open or arthroscopic treatment of hips with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). However, no long-term clinical results exist evaluating the effect of labral reattachment. A 2-year followup comparing open surgical treatment of FAI with labral resection versus reattachment was previously performed at our clinic. The goal of this study was to report a concise followup of these patients at a minimum of 10 years...
October 15, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
A Dangin, N Tardy, M Wettstein, O May, N Bonin
With the development of conservative hip surgery techniques, new entities such as microinstability have been identified. Microinstability is a painful supra-physiological mobility of the hip. It results from the association of architectural and functional abnormalities impairing joint stability. These risk factors concern hip joint bone architecture or peri-articular soft tissues. Bone abnormalities are identified on hip assessment parameters. Soft tissues also play a key role in the static and dynamic stability of the hip: the joint capsule, labrum, ligamentum teres and adjacent myotendinous structures affect joint coaptation; any abnormality or iatrogenic lesion concerning these structures may constitute a risk factor for microinstability...
October 12, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
M Cody O'Dell, Diego Jaramillo, Laura Bancroft, Laura Varich, Gregory Logsdon, Sabah Servaes
With increasing participation and intensity of training in youth sports in the United States, the incidence of sports-related injuries is increasing, and the types of injuries are shifting. In this article, the authors review sports injuries of the lower extremity, including both acute and overuse injuries, that are common in or specific to the pediatric population. Common traumatic injuries that occur in individuals of all ages (eg, tears of the acetabular labrum and anterior cruciate ligament) are not addressed, although these occur routinely in pediatric sports...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Pascal Cyrill Haefeli, Christoph Emanuel Albers, Simon Damian Steppacher, Moritz Tannast, Lorenz Büchler
BACKGROUND: In recent years, surgical treatment of symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has been increasingly performed using arthroscopy. Bony pathomorphologies and damage to the labrum as well as cartilage defects can be addressed with comparable results to open surgery with overall less surgery-related complications. Despite the increasing importance of hip arthroscopy, however, reports on midterm clinical and radiographic outcomes and comparison to open surgical hip dislocation are scarce...
October 7, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Kotaro R Shibata, Shuichi Matsuda, Marc R Safran
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not there is a distinct pattern of injury to the acetabular labrum and/or cartilage in the hip with instability without bony dysplasia. METHODS: Surgical records and intra-operative images of consecutive patients who underwent primary hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and/or hip instability by the senior author from April 2007 to December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Pathological changes were documented and charted on a novel diagram of the acetabulum, and classified into eight patterns corresponding to the lesion's location and size...
October 1, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Sandra R Breyer, Nicole Muschol, Mona Schmidt, Martin Rupprecht, Kornelia Babin, Jochen Herrmann, Ralf Stücker
BACKGROUND: Hip dysplasia is common in mucopolysaccharidosis type-1H (MPS-1H) patients, but its morphology is not completely understood. No magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based studies have been reported in the literature. The purpose of this study was to improve knowledge of hip dysplasia pathology by describing the hip morphology of these patients in MRI scans, plain radiographs, and arthrograms. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 18 MPS-1H patients...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Brian D Petersen, Bryan Wolf, Jeffrey R Lambert, Carolyn W Clayton, Deborah H Glueck, Mary Kristen Jesse, Omer Mei-Dan
Patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip often have compensatory labral hypertrophy, which presumably lends stability to an unstable joint. Conversely, patients with acetabular overcoverage may have small or ossified labra. The purpose of this study is to explore the interaction of labral length with the degree of acetabular hip coverage. A retrospective cohort of patients with hip pain presenting to a hip preservation center, who had undergone hip magnetic resonance imaging and AP pelvis radiographs were studied...
August 2016: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Joshua D Harris
The importance of the acetabular labrum has been increasingly recognized, playing a critical role in both normal anatomy and abnormal pathology of the hip joint. The labrum increases acetabular surface area and volume, providing a stable and durable articulation. The fibrocartilaginous composition affords a tissue capable of a lifetime of normal function in the absence of significant osseous pathology. In the setting of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) or dysplasia, bony biomechanics may cause labral injury, which may translate to patient symptoms...
August 31, 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
K C Geoffrey Ng, Giulia Mantovani, Mario Lamontagne, Michel R Labrosse, Paul E Beaulé
BACKGROUND: It is still unclear why many individuals with a cam morphology of the hip do not experience pain. It was recently reported that a decreased femoral neck-shaft angle may also be associated with hip symptoms. However, the effects that different femoral neck-shaft angles have on hip stresses in symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals with cam morphology remain unclear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We examined the effects of the cam morphology and femoral neck-shaft angle on hip stresses during walking by asking: (1) Are there differences in hip stress characteristics among symptomatic patients with cam morphology, asymptomatic individuals with cam morphology, and individuals without cam morphology? (2) What are the effects of high and low femoral neck-shaft angles on hip stresses? METHODS: Six participants were selected, from a larger cohort, and their cam morphology and femoral neck-shaft angle parameters were measured from CT data...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Zachary T Sharfman, Eyal Amar, Thomas Sampson, Ehud Rath
The importance of the acetabular labrum has been well documented for the health and function of the hip joint. Labral reconstruction has proven effective but often requires the use of a cadaveric allograft or auto graft from the fascia lata or gracilis. The indirect head of the rectus femoris is in close proximity with the anterior superior acetabulum, which is the most common site of labral tears. Using the indirect head of the rectus femoris as a local graft minimizes surgical invasiveness by mitigating the need to harvest the graft from a different location, in case of an autograft, and by minimizing donor site morbidity and damage to local tissues...
April 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
S Schrading, A Schulze
BACKGROUND: A correctly chosen radiographic technique, good image quality and correct image interpretation are the basis of all surgical planning. It is only when the cause and extent of the hip pathology are evaluated carefully based on radiologic imaging that the long-term surgical success of hip and pelvis osteotomy is possible. TARGET: This article gives an overview over performance, quality criteria and interpretation of the most important radiographic images of the hip...
August 2016: Der Orthopäde
Benjamin F Ricciardi, Stephanie W Mayer, Kara G Fields, Catherine Wentzel, Bryan T Kelly, Ernest L Sink
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic labral tears are common in patients with acetabular dysplasia; however, optimal treatment of the labrum remains controversial. PURPOSE: To present patient characteristics and early functional outcomes associated with combined arthroscopic labral refixation and Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) for symptomatic acetabular dysplasia with a displaced labral tear from the acetabular rim. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
July 14, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Michael M Hadeed, Jourdan M Cancienne, F Winston Gwathmey
This article presents a brief review of pincer impingement pathomechanics and the current methods of diagnosis, followed by a discussion of many of the current controversies in addressing pincer morphology. These controversies include controversial surgical indications such as global acetabular retroversion and the role of prophylactic surgery, controversial surgical techniques to address the acetabular labrum, as well as the best methods for intraoperative evaluation of the arthroscopic acetabuloplasty.
July 2016: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Andrew B Wolff, Jamie Grossman
The options for labral treatment are debridement, repair, and reconstruction. Debridement of labral tissue is indicated when there is peripheral tearing of the labrum that does not compromise the functionality of the labrum at its base or if the labrum is not playing an important role in the patient's pathology. Labral repair is performed when the base of the labrum is unstable at its attachment at the acetabular rim and the tissue is of otherwise good quality. Labral reconstruction is an option for labral tissue compromised beyond repair, segmental labral defect, or previous failed repair...
July 2016: Clinics in Sports Medicine
S Bsat, H Frei, P E Beaulé
UNLABELLED: The acetabular labrum is a soft-tissue structure which lines the acetabular rim of the hip joint. Its role in hip joint biomechanics and joint health has been of particular interest over the past decade. In normal hip joint biomechanics, the labrum is crucial in retaining a layer of pressurised intra-articular fluid for joint lubrication and load support/distribution. Its seal around the femoral head is further regarded as a contributing to hip stability through its suction effect...
June 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Yihua Ge, Haiqing Cai, Zhigang Wang
INTRODUCTION: Using limited MRI we evaluated the quality of closed reduction and prognosis in a group of patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). METHODS: Limited MRI was performed on 28 DDH patients (41 hips) after closed reduction. All the hips were divided into deep and incomplete concentric reduction groups according to the femoral head-acetabular distance (FAD) and the shape of the labrum on limited MRI. The abduction angle of the hips, and the initial and final acetabular index (AI) were measured...
July 25, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Óliver Marin-Peña, Pablo Sierra-Madrid, Raquel Lax-Pérez, Francisco Ferrero-Manzanal
Extrarticular causes of impingement have a current, interesting role in the complaint of groin pain in athletes. Subspine impingement is related to a prominent anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS) and is actually described as a frequent cause of groin pain. Ischiofemoral impingement is described when the space between the lesser trochanter is decreased. Psoas impingement appears between the psoas tendon and the anterior labrum and anterior acetabular rim.
May 14, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Stefano Zaffagnini, Cecilia Signorelli, Tommaso Bonanzinga, Nicola Lopomo, Federico Raggi, Tommaso Roberti Di Sarsina, Alberto Grassi, Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Maurilio Marcacci
PURPOSE: To quantitatively describe the kinematic behaviour of the hip joint with particular interest in the contribution of the periarticular soft tissues to the stability. To quantitatively assess the sealing function of the acetabular labrum of an intact labrum, the effect of a labral-chondral separation and different surgical approaches. The biomechanics of the joint during specific clinical examinations was also assessed. METHODS: All the kinematics tests, manually performed, have been acquired using a navigation systems...
May 14, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Masanori Fujii, Yasuharu Nakashima, Yasuo Noguchi, Takuaki Yamamoto, Goro Motomura, Satoshi Hamai, Yukihide Iwamoto
PURPOSE: To identify demographic and morphologic factors associated with the severity of intra-articular lesions in patients with severe hip dysplasia. METHODS: One hundred twenty-one patients (134 hips) with symptomatic hip dysplasia were retrospectively reviewed. The cartilage and labral lesions were scored according to the Outerbridge and the original classification systems, respectively. The association of the cartilage and labrum scores with patient demographics (age, gender, body mass index, bilateral hip dysplasia, and treatment history for developmental hip dislocation) and morphologic factors (the lateral center-edge angle, Sharp angle, acetabular index, acetabular head index, acetabular depth ratio, Shenton line disruption, roundness index of the femoral head, and femoral neck shaft angle) were determined using a multiple linear regression analysis...
August 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
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