keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Non-viral AND transfection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344151/enhancing-oligodendrocyte-differentiation-by-transient-transcription-activation-via-dna-nanoparticle-mediated-transfection
#1
Xiaowei Li, Stephany Y Tzeng, Camila Gadens Zamboni, Vassilis E Koliatsos, Guo-Li Ming, Jordan J Green, Hai-Quan Mao
Current approaches to derive oligodendrocytes from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) need extended exposure of hPSCs to growth factors and small molecules, which limits their clinical application because of the lengthy culture time required and low generation efficiency of myelinating oligodendrocytes. Compared to extrinsic growth factors and molecules, oligodendrocyte differentiation and maturation can be more effectively modulated by regulation of the cell transcription network. In the developing central nervous system (CNS), two basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors, Olig1 and Olig2, are decisive in oligodendrocyte differentiation and maturation...
March 23, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336862/oscillating-magnet-array-based-nanomagnetic-gene-transfection-a-valuable-tool-for-molecular-neurobiology-studies
#2
Mahendran Subramanian, Aimee-Jayne Tyler, Eva Maria Luther, Elena Di Daniel, Jenson Lim, Jon Dobson
To develop treatments for neurodegenerative disorders, it is critical to understand the biology and function of neurons in both normal and diseased states. Molecular studies of neurons involve the delivery of small biomolecules into cultured neurons via transfection to study genetic variants. However, as cultured primary neurons are sensitive to temperature change, stress, and shifts in pH, these factors make biomolecule delivery difficult, particularly non-viral delivery. Herein we used oscillating nanomagnetic gene transfection to successfully transfect SH-SY5Y cells as well as primary hippocampal and cortical neurons on different days in vitro...
January 29, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325297/engineering-of-pedf-expressing-primary-pigment-epithelial-cells-by-the-sb-transposon-system-delivered-by-pfar4-plasmids
#3
Gabriele Thumann, Nina Harmening, Cécile Prat-Souteyrand, Corinne Marie, Marie Pastor, Attila Sebe, Csaba Miskey, Laurence D Hurst, Sabine Diarra, Martina Kropp, Peter Walter, Daniel Scherman, Zoltán Ivics, Zsuzsanna Izsvák, Sandra Johnen
Neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nvAMD) is characterized by choroidal blood vessels growing into the subretinal space, leading to retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell degeneration and vision loss. Vessel growth results from an imbalance of pro-angiogenic (e.g., vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF]) and anti-angiogenic factors (e.g., pigment epithelium-derived factor [PEDF]). Current treatment using intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF antibodies improves vision in about 30% of patients but may be accompanied by side effects and non-compliance...
March 17, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323876/pim1-minicircle-as-a-therapeutic-treatment-for-myocardial-infarction
#4
Nan Liu, Bingyan J Wang, Kathleen M Broughton, Roberto Alvarez, Sailay Siddiqi, Rebeca Loaiza, Nicky Nguyen, Pearl Quijada, Natalie Gude, Mark A Sussman
PIM1, a pro-survival gene encoding a serine/ threonine kinase, influences cell proliferation and survival. Modification of cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) or cardiomyocytes with PIM1 using a lentivirus-based delivery method showed long-term improved cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI). However, lentivirus based delivery methods have stringent FDA regulation with respect to clinical trials. To provide an alternative and low risk PIM1 delivery method, this study examined the use of a non-viral modified plasmid-minicircle (MC) as a vehicle to deliver PIM1 into mouse CPCs (mCPCs) in vitro and the myocardium in vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323177/biodegradable-cationic-poly-carbonates-effect-of-varying-side-chain-hydrophobicity-on-key-aspects-of-gene-transfection
#5
Zhan Yuin Ong, Chuan Yang, Wei Cheng, Zhi Xiang Voo, Willy Chin, James L Hedrick, Yi Yan Yang
The degree of hydrophobicity in cationic polymers plays an important but often underappreciated role in the safety and efficacy of gene delivery processes. In order to further elucidate structure-activity relationships of biodegradable cationic poly(carbonate) gene carriers, we synthesized a series of narrowly dispersed homo-polymers via metal-free organocatalytic living ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of cyclic carbonate monomers bearing either alkyl (propyl, hexyl or nonyl) or 4-methyl benzyl halide side chains...
March 17, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323095/megalin-targeted-enhanced-transfection-efficiency-in-cultured-human-hk-2-renal-tubular-proximal-cells-using-aminoglycoside-carboxyalkyl-polyethylenimine-containing-nanoplexes
#6
Fatemeh Oroojalian, Ali Hossein Rezayan, Wayne Thomas Shier, Khalil Abnous, Mohammad Ramezani
Non-viral vectors are of interest as therapeutic gene delivery agents in gene therapy, because they are simple to prepare, easy to modify and have definable safety profiles compared to viral vectors. The potential of gene therapy in the treatment of renal diseases is limited by a lack of effective kidney-targeted gene delivery systems. Aminoglycoside antibiotics gentamicin and neomycin were connected by amide linkages to carboxyl groups on carboxyalkylated-PEI25 (25kDa PEI) or carboxyalkylated-PEI10 (10kDa PEI)...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322564/bioreducible-zinc-ii-coordinative-pei-with-low-molecular-weight-for-robust-gene-delivery-of-primary-and-stem-cells
#7
Shuai Liu, Dezhong Zhou, Jixiang Yang, Hao Zhou, Jiatong Chen, Tianying Guo
To transform the common low molecular weight (LMW) cationic polymers, such as polyethylenimine (PEI) to highly efficient gene vectors will be of great significance but remains challenging. Since that LMW cationic polymers perform far less efficient to their high molecular weight counterparts mainly due to weaker nucleic acid encapsulation, herein, we report the design and synthesis of a dipicolylamine (DPA)-based disulfide-containing zinc(II) coordinative module (Zn-DDAC), which is used to functionalize LMW PEI (Mw~1800 Da) to give a non-viral vector (Zn-PD) with high efficiency and safety in primary and stem cells...
March 21, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321779/transfection-of-bovine-fetal-fibroblast-with-polyethylenimine-pei-nanoparticles-effect-of-particle-size-and-presence-of-fetal-bovine-serum-on-transgene-delivery-and-cytotoxicity
#8
D O Forcato, A E Fili, F E Alustiza, J M Lázaro Martínez, S Bongiovanni Abel, M F Olmos Nicotra, A P Alessio, N Rodríguez, C Barbero, P Bosch
The development of efficient transfection protocols for livestock cells is crucial for implementation of cell-based transgenic methods to produce genetically modified animals. We synthetized fully deacylated linear 22, 87 and 217 kDa polyethylenimine (PEI) nanoparticles and compared their transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity to commercial branched 25 kDa PEI and linear 58 kDa poly(allylamine) hydrochloride. We studied the effect of PEI size and presence of serum on transfection efficiency on primary cultures of bovine fetal fibroblasts and established cells lines (HEK 293 and Hep G2)...
March 20, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320116/in-vitro-non-viral-murine-pro-neurotrophin-3-gene-transfer-into-rat-bone-marrow-stromal-cells
#9
Shahram Darabi, Taki Tiraihi, AliReza Delshad, Majid Sadeghizadeh, Wisam Khalil, Taher Taheri
Neurotrophin 3 (NT-3) is an important factor for promoting prenatal neural development, as well as regeneration, axogenesis and plasticity in postnatal life. Therapy with NT-3 was reported to improve the condition of patients suffering from degenerative diseases and traumatic injuries, however, the disadvantage of NT-3 protein delivery is its short half-life, thus our alternative approach is the use of NT-3 gene therapy. In this study, the bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) were isolated from adult rats, cultured for 4 passages and transfected with either pEGFP-N1 or a constructed vector containing murine proNT-3 (pSecTag2/HygroB-murine proNT-3) using Lipofectamine 2000 followed by Hygromycin B (200mg/kg)...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315770/biophysics-and-protein-corona-analysis-of-janus-cyclodextrin-dna-nanocomplexes-efficient-cellular-transfection-on-cancer-cells
#10
M Martínez-Negro, G Caracciolo, S Palchetti, D Pozzi, A L Capriotti, C Cavaliere, A Laganà, C Ortiz Mellet, J M Benito, J M García Fernández, E Aicart, E Junquera
The self-assembling processes underlining the capabilities of facially differentiated ("Janus") polycationic amphiphilic cyclodextrins (paCDs) as non-viral gene nanocarriers have been investigated by a pluridisciplinary approach. Three representative Janus paCDs bearing a common tetradecahexanoyl multitail domain at the secondary face and differing in the topology of the cluster of amino groups at the primary side were selected for this study. All of them compact pEGFP-C3 plasmid DNA and promote transfection in HeLa and MCF-7 cells, both in absence and in presence of human serum...
March 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315317/an-effective-and-efficient-method-of-transfecting-primary-human-chondrocytes-in-suspension
#11
Mohammad Shahidul Makki, Nahid Akhtar, Tariq M Haqqi
Human chondrocytes accumulate an ECM-rich matrix by secreting matrix macromolecules during monolayer culture, which makes them difficult to transfect efficiently. Here we report a non-viral based protocol to transfect the primary human chondrocytes with high efficiency in suspension. Chondrocyte cultures were digested using Pronase and Collagenase and transfected in suspension. Transfection efficiencies of more than 80% were achieved routinely using the protocol described. The viability of siRNA transfected or un-transfected chondrocytes was not affected and resulted in 80-90% knockdown of the target mRNA levels...
March 14, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293718/transfection-of-primary-brain-capillary-endothelial-cells-for-protein-synthesis-and-secretion-of-recombinant-erythropoietin-a-strategy-to-enable-protein-delivery-to-the-brain
#12
Annette Burkhart, Thomas Lars Andresen, Achim Aigner, Louiza Bohn Thomsen, Torben Moos
Treatment of chronic disorders affecting the central nervous system (CNS) is complicated by the inability of drugs to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Non-viral gene therapy applied to brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs) denotes a novel approach to overcome the restraints in this passage, as turning BCECs into recombinant protein factories by transfection could result in protein secretion further into the brain. The present study aims to investigate the possibility of transfecting primary rat brain endothelial cells (RBECs) for recombinant protein synthesis and secretion of the neuroprotective protein erythropoietin (EPO)...
March 14, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292248/surface-engineered-dendrimers-in-sirna-delivery-and-gene-silencing
#13
Vishakha Tambe, Shreya Thakkar, Nidhi Raval, Dilip Sharma, Kiran Kalia, Rakesh Kumar Tekade
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic efficacy of dreadful diseases like cancer, HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) can be enhanced by delivering molecules which regulate function at gene level rather than at receptor level. Silencing RNA is one such approach recently used to silence target gene expressed diseases; and thereby reduce target protein levels. Many of the non-viral vectors are proved to act as carriers for silencing RNA. Dendrimers being one of them have less size, low poly dispersibility index, water solubility, multivalence, and easy surface modification...
March 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291013/a-comparison-of-plasmid-dna-delivery-efficiency-and-cytotoxicity-of-two-cationic-diblock-polyoxazoline-copolymers
#14
Roman Lehner, Kegang Liu, Xueya Wang, Marc Wolf, Patrick Hunziker
Cationic polymers as non-viral gene delivery carriers are widely used because of their strong condensing properties and long-term safety, but acute cytotoxicity is a persistent challenge. In this study, two types of polyplexes were prepared by co-formulating plasmid DNA and two cationic diblock copolymers PABOXA5-b-PMOXA33-PA (primary amine) and PABOXA5-b-PMOXA33-TA (tertiary amine) to check their transfection efficacies in Hela cells and HEK293T cells, respectively. The plasmid DNA/PABOXA5-b-PMOXA33-PA polyplex showed higher transfection efficacy compared to the plasmid DNA/PABOXA5-b-PMOXA33-TA polyplex under N/P ratio of 40...
March 14, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290156/degradable-polyethylenimine-based-gene-carriers-for-cancer-therapy
#15
REVIEW
Hu-Lin Jiang, Mohammad Ariful Islam, Lei Xing, Jannatul Firdous, Wuji Cao, Yu-Jing He, Yong Zhu, Ki-Hyun Cho, Hui-Shan Li, Chong-Su Cho
Gene therapy using recombinant DNA or gene silencing using siRNA have become a prominent area of research in cancer therapy. However, their use in clinical applications is limited due to overall safety concerns and suboptimal efficacy. Although non-viral vectors such as polycationic polymers do not offer the same level of transfection efficiency as their viral counterparts, they still demonstrate immense potential as alternatives to viral vectors, given their versatility, low immunogenicity, ease of large-scale production, and ability to accelerate gene transfer with well-designed delivery platforms...
April 2017: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279738/modifying-plasmid-loaded-hsa-nanoparticles-with-cell-penetrating-peptides-cellular-uptake-and-enhanced-gene-delivery
#16
J Mesken, A Iltzsche, D Mulac, K Langer
Gene therapy bears great potential for the cure of a multitude of human diseases. Research efforts focussed on the use of viral delivery vectors in the past decades, neglecting non-viral gene therapies of physical or chemical origin due to low transfection efficiency. However, side effects such as activation of oncogenes and inflammatory reactions upon immune cell activation are major obstacles impeding the clinical applicability of viral gene therapy vectors. The aim of this study was the development of a non-viral gene delivery system based on plasmid-loaded human serum albumin nanoparticles, which are biocompatible, biodegradable, and non-toxic in relevant concentrations...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277007/microrna-mediated-non-viral-direct-conversion-of-embryonic-fibroblasts-to-cardiomyocytes-comparison-of-commercial-and-synthetic-non-viral-vectors
#17
Hyosuk Kim, Dongkyu Kim, Sook Hee Ku, Kwangmeyung Kim, Sun Hwa Kim, Ick Chan Kwon
Technological advances opened up new ways of directing cell fate conversion from one cell lineage to another. The direct cell conversion technique has recently attracted much attention in regenerative medicine to treat devastated organs and tissues, particularly having limited regenerative capacity such as the heart and brain. Unfortunately, its clinical application is severely limited due to a safety concern and immunogenicity of viral vectors, as human gene therapy did in the beginning stages. In this study, we examined the possibility of adopting non-viral vectors to direct cell conversion from mouse embryonic fibroblasts to induced cardiomyocytes (iCM) by transient transfection of four types of chemically synthesized micro-RNA mimics (miRNA-1, 133, 208, and 499)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271570/single-domain-antibodies-for-the-knockdown-of-cytosolic-and-nuclear-proteins
#18
REVIEW
Thomas Böldicke
Single domain antibodies (sdAbs) from camels or sharks comprise only the variable heavy chain domain. Human sdAbs comprise the variable domain of the heavy chain (VH) or light chain (VL) and can be selected from human antibodies. SdAbs are stable, non aggregating molecules in vitro and in vivo compared to complete antibodies and scFv fragments. They are excellent novel inhibitors of cytosolic/nuclear proteins because they are correctly folded inside the cytosol in contrast to scFv fragments. SdAbs are unique because of their excellent specificity and possibility to target posttranslational modifications such as phosphorylation sites, conformers or interaction regions of proteins that cannot be targeted with genetic knockout techniques and are impossible to knockdown with RNAi...
March 8, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269201/bio-active-polymer-implants-to-adipose-tissue-as-in-situ-source-of-reprogramming-cells
#19
Andrey Mikhailov, Fumihiro Sugiyama, Saori Mizuno, Yoshiyuki Sankai
The implants from natural polymer chitosan was developed by sorption of non-viral DNA vector. These assemblies were shown to be biocompatible and able to transfect the surrounding cells with reprogramming factors. Transgenic rats from the strain allowing visualization of Nanog-positive stem cells received these implants into their adipose deposits. After 8 days we were able to detect in situ-transfected cells. Transfected cells were positive for YFP fluorescence and transiently expressed the markers correlating with stemness...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256825/dna-transfection-to-mesenchymal-stem-cells-using-a-novel-type-of-pseudodendrimer-based-on-2-2-bis-hydroxymethyl-propionic-acid
#20
Alexandre Lancelot, Rebeca González-Pastor, Alberto Concellón, Teresa Sierra, Pilar Martín-Duque, José L Serrano
In the search for effective vehicles to carry genetic material into cells, we present here new pseudodendrimers that consist of a hyperbranched polyester core surrounded by amino-terminated 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)propionic acid (bis-MPA) dendrons. The pseudodendrimers are readily synthesized from commercial hyperbranched bis-MPA polyesters of the second, third, and fourth generations and third-generation bis-MPA dendrons, bearing eight peripheral glycine moieties, coupled by the copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC)...
March 13, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
keyword
keyword
55228
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"