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teen cutting

Yuankai Huo, Katherine Aboud, Hakmook Kang, Laurie E Cutting, Bennett A Landman
Understanding brain volumetry is essential to understand neurodevelopment and disease. Historically, age-related changes have been studied in detail for specific age ranges (e.g., early childhood, teen, young adults, elderly, etc.) or more sparsely sampled for wider considerations of lifetime aging. Recent advancements in data sharing and robust processing have made available considerable quantities of brain images from normal, healthy volunteers. However, existing analysis approaches have had difficulty addressing (1) complex volumetric developments on the large cohort across the life time (e...
October 2016: Medical Image Computing and Computer-assisted Intervention: MICCAI ..
Justine Niemczyk, Stewart Einfeld, David Mowat, Monika Equit, Catharina Wagner, Leopold Curfs, Alexander von Gontard
BACKGROUND: Mowat-Wilson Syndrome (MWS) is caused by deletion/mutation of the ZEB2 gene on chromosome 2q22. MWS is characterized by a distinctive facial appearance, severe intellectual disability and other anomalies, e.g. seizures and/or Hirschsprung disease (HSCR). Most individuals have a sociable demeanor, but one third show psychological problems. AIMS: The aim was to investigate incontinence and psychological problems in MWS. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 26 children (4-12 years), 13 teens (13-17 years) and 8 adults (>18years) were recruited through a MWS support group...
March 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
A Dunn Galvin, J O'B Hourihane
In food allergy, since the likelihood of a fatal reaction is low but fear, uncertainty, and lifestyle restrictions high, health-related quality of life (HRQL) may be a more meaningful measure of outcome in research and practice. HRQL is influenced by physiological, psychological, and environmental variables and can be best understood by considering the interactions of factors that cut across multiple levels. In this article we review both quantitative and qualitative research findings to provide an in-depth picture of the impact of food allergy on the concerns and the everyday lives of children, teens, adults, and parents...
July 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Carolyn Coffey, George C Patton
The Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study (VAHCS) is a long-term Australian cohort study that has documented cannabis use in young Australians from the mid-teens to the mid-30s. The study findings have described the natural history of early cannabis use, remission, and escalation and the social and mental health consequences of different patterns of use. The adverse consequences of cannabis use are most clear-cut in heavy early adolescent users. These consequences include educational failure, persisting mental health problems, and progression to other substance use...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Charles J Everett, Olivia M Thompson
We assessed the association of three chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, a chlorinated dibenzofuran, and four dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in human blood with nephropathy (microalbuminuria or macroalbuminuria) among teens and young adults (12-30 years old) having normal glycohemoglobin (A1c <5.7%). The data were derived from the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (unweighted n=1504, population estimate=38,806,338). In this paper, nephropathy refers to normal A1c with nephropathy...
June 1, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
Erica Z Shoemaker, Laura M Tully, Tara A Niendam, Bradley S Peterson
The last two decades have marked tremendous progress in our ability to prevent and intervene early in psychiatric illnesses. The interventions described in this article range from established, empirically-supported treatments to creative interventions early in their development and deployment. Some of these interventions are low-technology programs delivered in social settings (such as schools), and some rely on sophisticated emerging technologies such as neuroimaging. This article reviews 4 preventative interventions: 1) The use of structural brain imaging to identify children at risk for familial depression who are most likely to benefit from preventative cognitive behavioral therapy 2) The Good Behavior Game, a school based program that, when implemented in 1st grade classrooms, cut the incidence of substance use disorders in students in half when those students were 19 years old, 3) The SPARX video game, which has the potential to be an accessible, appealing, and cost-effective treatment for the thousands of teens affected by mild to moderate depressive disorders, and 4) Intensive psychosocial treatments which can reduce the progression of from the ultra high risk state to the first episode psychosis by 50% over 12 months...
September 2015: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Thomas C Winter, Anne M Kennedy, Paula J Woodward
Structural malformations of the brain are an important cause of childhood mortality and morbidity, with the latter having long-term financial and psychosocial implications for the affected child and family. Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a severe brain malformation characterized by abnormal cleavage of the prosencephalon in the 5th gestational week. Aprosencephaly and atelencephaly occur earlier because of failure in the formation of the prosencephalon and telencephalon, respectively. The HPE holoprosencephaly spectrum classically includes alobar, semilobar, and lobar forms, although there are no clear-cut defining features...
January 2015: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Che Kang Lim, Charlotte Dahle, Kerstin Elvin, Bengt A Andersson, Johan Rönnelid, Erik Melén, Anna Bergström, Lennart Truedsson, Lennart Hammarström
PURPOSE: Immunoglobulin A deficiency (IgAD) is the most common primary immunodeficiency in the general population. It is defined as a serum IgA level below or equal to 0.07 g/l with normal IgM and IgG levels in children over the age of 4. However, a few cases of reversal of IgAD at later ages have been observed previously, especially in pediatric patients. This study aimed at investigating the frequency of reversal in a large cohort of children and young adults in order to evaluate the present definition of IgAD...
January 2015: Journal of Clinical Immunology
Angel A Soler-García, Antonio J De Jesús, Kishana Taylor, Eric W Brown
Rapid molecular typing methods are important tools in surveillance and outbreak investigations of human Salmonella infections. Here we described the development of a three-genes PCR-RFLP typing method for the differentiation of Salmonella species, subspecies and serovars using the Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer. The fliC, gnd, and mutS genes were PCR-amplified in 160 Salmonella strains representing the two Salmonella species, six subspecies, and 41 different serovars of S. enterica subspecies enterica. PCR products were individually cut with two different restriction enzymes and the resulting 930 restriction patterns were collected using the Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer followed by cluster analysis...
2014: Frontiers in Microbiology
Alice Park, Alexandra Sifferlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2014: Time
Joel L Nitzkin
A carefully structured Tobacco Harm Reduction (THR) initiative, with e-cigarettes as a prominent THR modality, added to current tobacco control programming, is the most feasible policy option likely to substantially reduce tobacco-attributable illness and death in the United States over the next 20 years. E-cigarettes and related vapor products are the most promising harm reduction modalities because of their acceptability to smokers. There are about 46 million smokers in the United States, and an estimated 480,000 deaths per year attributed to cigarette smoking...
June 2014: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Gregory A Schmale, Christopher Kweon, Roger V Larson, Viviana Bompadre
BACKGROUND: ACL injuries in preteens and teens are common occurrences. Reconstruction is believed to be optimum treatment for those wishing to return to running, cutting, and jumping sports. Rates of reoperation, satisfaction, and long-term return to and maintenance of preinjury activity after ACL reconstruction in young athletes are important information for physicians, patients, and parents. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purposes of this study were to address the following questions in this skeletally immature patient population undergoing ACL reconstruction: (1) What is the reinjury rate and the need for subsequent surgeries? (2) How do patient satisfaction and function as assessed by patient and physician correlate with return to sport? (3) What factors contribute to failure to return to preinjury activity levels? METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 29 patients who underwent transphyseal ACL reconstruction using soft tissue grafts passed through open physes and followed to skeletal maturity, and at least 2 years from their index surgery, who were invited and returned for a study interview and examination...
July 2014: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Khaled M Said Othman, Shereen A Elshazly, Nihal M Heiba
BACKGROUND: The principal cause of mortality and morbidity in β-thalassemia major (β-TM) is the iron overload as these patients receive about 20 times the normal intake of iron, which leads to iron accumulation and damage in the liver, heart, and endocrine organs. Chronically transfused patients used to die from cardiac iron overload in their teens and twenties. Monitoring of iron status through cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) has replaced the conventional methods of assessment, yet this modality is not readily available in centers where the disease distribution is maximal...
October 2014: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Dalia Alsaif, Kholoud Alsowayigh, Maram Alfaraidy, Marwa Albayat, Ghada Alshamsi, Mohammed Aldosary, Mohammed Madadin, Mostafa Afify, Magdy Kharoshah
BACKGROUND: Crimes towards children have drawn public attention over the decades. Several studies have been conducted to determine the risk factors of victimizing children. Conducting studies of this crime in Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, would help in understanding the motives behind it in such a densely populated area. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY: A review of death charts was conducted in Zeinhom morgue in the years of 2006-2010 to study the trends and characteristics of child homicide in Cairo...
October 2013: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Elizabeth Miller
Addressing complex adolescent health problems such as youth violence and teen pregnancy requires innovative strategies to promote protective social environments, increase healthier behaviors, and reduce the impact of health risk behaviors into adulthood. Multilevel, interdisciplinary, and translational approaches are needed to address these challenges in adolescent health. In May 2012, a group of adolescent health researchers participated in a 1-day research symposium titled "From Genes to Community: Exploring Translational Science in Adolescent Health Research," sponsored by the Clinical and Translational Science Institute (CTSI) of the University of Pittsburgh and the Division of Adolescent Medicine, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center...
December 2012: Clinical and Translational Science
Paige Hall Smith, Sheryl L Coley, Miriam H Labbok, Susan Cupito, Eva Nwokah
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x3eba198) BACKGROUND: Teen mothers face many challenges to successful breastfeeding and are less likely to breastfeed than any other population group in the U.S. Few studies have investigated this population; all prior studies are cross-sectional and collect breastfeeding data retrospectively. The purpose of our qualitative prospective study was to understand the factors that contribute to the breastfeeding decisions and practices of teen mothers...
2012: International Breastfeeding Journal
Rosa D Darling, A Serdar Atav
The rate of low birth weight (LBW) is a national concern. In New York counties in 2009, the LBW rate was 8.2%. Reducing LBW has significant humanitarian and economic implications. At an average cost of $51,600 per infant, care for infants weighing less than 2,500 grams at birth is substantial. The purpose of this study was to identify demographic, socioeconomic, and health service factors that contribute to LBW among counties in New York. Analyses of data indicated that the number of MOMs providers and teen pregnancy rate were the strongest predictors for LBW...
February 2012: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Walter Water, Shih-En Chen, Teen-Hang Meen, Liang-Wen Ji
A ZnO guiding layer with nanorod arrays grown on a 90°-rotated ST-cut (42°45) quartz substrate was used to fabricate a Love wave fluid sensor. ZnO nanorod arrays synthesized on the guiding layer enhance the sensitivity of the flow rate. ZnO thin films were deposited by radio frequency magnetron sputtering and ZnO nanorod arrays were then synthesized on the thin films via the hydrothermal method. The crystalline structure and surface morphology of ZnO thin films and nanorod arrays were examined by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy...
August 2012: Ultrasonics
Cynthia L Rowe
Just 15 years ago, Liddle and Dakof (Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 1995; 21, 511) concluded, based on the available evidence, that family therapy represented a "promising, but not definitive" approach for the treatment of drug problems among adolescents and adults. Seven years later, Rowe and Liddle (2003) review described considerable progress in this specialty with encouraging findings on adolescent-focused models based on rigorous methodology, as well as advances with adult-focused family-based treatments...
January 2012: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Mary Grace Umlauf, John M Bolland, Brad E Lian
Adolescents tend to experience more problems with sleep loss as a natural consequence of puberty, whereas teens from impoverished urban areas are likely to witness neighborhood violence and/or engage in risk behaviors that may affect sleep. Data from the Mobile Youth Survey, a longitudinal study of impoverished inner-city African-American adolescents (1998-2005; N = 20,716; age range = 9.75-19.25 years), were used to compare paired years of annual surveys elicited by questions about how sleep was affected when bad things happen to friends or family...
December 2011: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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