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ductus arteriosus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108133/-ductus-arteriosus-aneurysm-prenatal-diagnosis-and-outcome
#1
Esteban Peiró Molina, Antonio Sánchez Andrés, José Ignacio Carrasco Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102857/vocal-fold-paralysis-in-preterm-infants-prevalence-and-analysis-of-risk-factors
#2
J Jabbour, M Uhing, T Robey
OBJECTIVE: To calculate the prevalence of vocal fold paralysis (VFP) in preterm (<37 weeks of gestation) infants at a single neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and identify risk factors for the development of VFP. STUDY DESIGN: This is a case control study of all surviving preterm infants admitted to the NICU at Children's Hospital of Wisconsin from 2006 to 2012, comparing those with and without VFP. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify significant risk factors for VFP...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100323/-high-risk-factors-and-clinical-characteristics-of-massive-pulmonary-hemorrhage-in-infants-with-extremely-low-birth-weight
#3
Dan Chen, Meng Wang, Xin Wang, Xue-Wei Ding, Rui-Hua Ba, Jian Mao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the high-risk factors and analyze the clinical characteristics of massive pulmonary hemorrhage (MPH) in infants with extremely low birth weight (ELBW). METHODS: Two hundred and eleven ELBW infants were included in this study. Thirty-five ELBW infants who were diagnosed with MPH were labelled as the MPH group, and 176 ELBW infants without pulmonary hemorrhage were labelled as the control group. The differences in clinical characteristics, mortality rate, and incidence of complications between the two groups were analysed...
January 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099422/relationship-between-perfusion-index-and-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-preterm-infants
#4
Enrique Gomez-Pomar, Majd Makhoul, Philip M Westgate, Katrina T Ibonia, Abhijit Patwardhan, Peter J Giannone, Henrietta Bada, Elie G Abu Jawdeh
BACKGROUND: Perfusion index (PI) is a noninvasive measure of perfusion. ΔPI (difference between pre and post-ductal PI) may identify hemodynamically significant PDA. However, studies are limited to brief and intermittent ΔPI sampling. Our objective is to assess the value of continuous high resolution ΔPI monitoring in the diagnosis of PDA. METHODS: Continuous ΔPI monitoring in preterm infants was prospectively performed using two high resolution pulse oximeters...
January 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094679/a-retrospective-analysis-of-a-pediatric-tele-echocardiography-service-to-treat-triage-and-reduce-trans-pacific-transport
#5
Christopher A Rouse, Brandon T Woods, C Becket Mahnke
Introduction Tele-echocardiography can ensure prompt diagnosis and prevent the unnecessary transport of infants without critical congenital heart disease, particularly at isolated locations lacking access to tertiary care medical centers. Methods We retrospectively reviewed all infants who underwent tele-echocardiography at a remote 16-bed level IIIB NICU from June 2005 to March 2014. Tele-echocardiograms were completed by cardiac sonographers in Okinawa, Japan, and transmitted asynchronously for review by pediatric cardiologists in Hawaii...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094152/use-of-3d-printer-technology-to-facilitate-surgical-correction-of-a-complex-vascular-anomaly-with-esophageal-entrapment-in-a-dog
#6
A Dundie, G Hayes, P Scrivani, L Campoy, D Fletcher, K Ash, E Oxford, N S Moïse
A 10 week old female intact Staffordshire terrier was presented with a total of five congenital cardio-thoracic vascular anomalies consisting of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with an aneurysmic dilation, pulmonic stenosis, persistent right aortic arch, aberrant left subclavian artery and persistent left cranial vena cava. These abnormalities were identified with a combination of echocardiogram and computed tomography angiography (CTA). The abnormalities were associated with esophageal entrapment, regurgitation, and volume overload of the left heart with left atrial and ventricular enlargement...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087683/percutaneous-patent-ductus-arteriosus-pda-closure-during-infancy-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Carl H Backes, Brian K Rivera, Jeffrey A Bridge, Aimee K Armstrong, Brian A Boe, Darren P Berman, Tyler Fick, Ralf J Holzer, Ziyad M Hijazi, Sylvia Abadir, Henri Justino, Lisa Bergersen, Charles V Smith, Haresh Kirpalani
CONTEXT: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a precursor to morbidity and mortality. Percutaneous (catheter-based) closure is the procedure of choice for adults and older children with a PDA, but use during infancy (<1 year) is not well characterized. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the technical success and safety of percutaneous PDA closure during infancy. DATA SOURCES: Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, PubMed, and Ovid (Medline) were searched through December 2015 with no language restrictions...
January 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077176/main-pulmonary-artery-cross-section-ratio-is-low-in-fetuses-with-tetralogy-of-fallot-and-ductus-arteriosus-dependent-pulmonary-circulation
#8
Hironori Ebishima, Kenichi Kurosaki, Jun Yoshimatsu, Isao Shiraishi
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine fetal echocardiographic features of tetralogy of Fallot in association with postnatal outcomes. METHODS: The Z-scores of the main and bilateral pulmonary arteries and the aorta were measured, and the following variables were calculated in 13 fetuses with tetralogy of Fallot: pulmonary artery-to-aorta ratio and main pulmonary artery cross-section ratio - the main pulmonary artery diameter squared divided by the sum of the diameter squared of the left and right pulmonary arteries...
January 12, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068947/urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-in-the-evaluation-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-and-aki-in-very-preterm-neonates-a-cohort-study
#9
Anna Sellmer, Bodil H Bech, Jesper V Bjerre, Michael R Schmidt, Vibeke E Hjortdal, Gitte Esberg, Søren Rittig, Tine B Henriksen
BACKGROUND: A patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is frequently found in very preterm neonates and is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. A shunt across a PDA can result in an unfavorable distribution of the cardiac output and may in turn result in poor renal perfusion. Urinary Neutrophil Gelatinase-associated Lipocalin (U-NGAL) is a marker of renal ischemia and may add to the evaluation of PDA. Our primary aim was to investigate if U-NGAL is associated with PDA in very preterm neonates...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059674/coronal-clival-cleft-in-charge-syndrome
#10
Eman Mahdi, Matthew T Whitehead
CHARGE syndrome is a genetic disorder with multi-systemic congenital anomalies, most commonly including coloboma, heart malformations, choanal atresia, developmental delay, and genital and ear anomalies. The diagnostic criteria for CHARGE syndrome has been refined over the years. However, there are limited reports describing skullbase and craniocervical junction abnormalities. These osseous malformations are often under recognized, especially on MRI. We report here a case of CHARGE syndrome with colobomas, cleft lip and palate, patent ductus arteriosus, undescended testes, and a coronal clival cleft which has not been previously depicted in CHARGE syndrome...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056907/lung-function-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-after-pharmacological-and-surgical-treatment-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-a-retrospective-analysis
#11
Payman Barikbin, Hannes Sallmon, Silke Wilitzki, Joachim Photiadis, Christoph Bührer, Petra Koehne, Gerd Schmalisch
BACKGROUND: The indications and strategies for treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) are controversial, and the safety and long-term benefits of surgical PDA closure remain uncertain. The aim of this study was to compare the lung function of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants after successful PDA treatment with a cyclooxygenase inhibitor or secondary surgical ligation. METHODS: A total of 114 VLBW infants (birth weight < 1500 g), including 94 infants (82%) with a birth weight < 1000 g, who received treatment for hemodynamically significant PDA (hsPDA), were examined at a median postmenstrual age of 48 weeks...
January 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053308/evaluation-of-left-pulmonary-artery-sling-associated-cardiovascular-anomalies-and-surgical-outcomes-using-cardiovascular-computed-tomography-angiography
#12
Jiajun Xie, Yu-Hsiang Juan, Qiushi Wang, Jimei Chen, Jian Zhuang, Zhaofeng Xie, Changhong Liang, Yulei Zhu, Zhuliang Yu, Jinglei Li, Sachin S Saboo, Hui Liu
We evaluated the prevalence, image appearance, associated cardiovascular anomalies, and surgical outcomes of left pulmonary artery sling (LPAS) using cardiovascular computed tomography angiography (CCTA). A retrospective search of patients from our database between October 2007 and December 2014 identified 52,200 patients with congenital heart diseases (CHD) referred for CCTA, echocardiography, or magnetic resonance imaging. Clinical information, CCTA findings, associated cardiovascular anomalies, and surgical outcomes were analyzed...
January 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052714/efficacy-and-safety-of-rectal-ibuprofen-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus-closure-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#13
Nihat Demir, Erdal Peker, İbrahim Ece, Ragıp Balahoroğlu, Oğuz Tuncer
BACKGROUND: To compare rectal ibuprofen with oral ibuprofen for closure of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: In a prospective, randomized study, 72 VLBW infants who had hsPDA received either rectal or oral ibuprofen. The plasma concentration of ibuprofen and renal functions were determined in both groups by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method and cystatin-C (cys-C), respectively...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052532/persistent-left-superior-vena-cava-accompanying-congenital-heart-disease-in-children-experience-of-a-tertiary-care-center
#14
Mehmet Emre Ari, Vehbi Doğan, Senem Özgür, Özben Ceylan, İlker Ertuğrul, Şeyma Kayalı, Tamer Yoldaş, Utku Arman Örün, Özkan Kaya, Selmin Karademir
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on determining concomitant persistent left superior vena cava (SVC) in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: Between 2005 and 2012, a total of 2.663 patients with CHD, 88 (3.3%) of whom were diagnosed with persistent left SVC, were evaluated retrospectively. The demographic characteristics of patients, clinical and radiographic findings, echocardiography, cardiac catheterization, and angiography results obtained from the patients' records were reviewed...
January 3, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049534/case-report-maternal-mosaicism-resulting-in-inheritance-of-a-novel-gata6-mutation-causing-pancreatic-agenesis-and-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Daphne Yau, Elisa De Franco, Sarah E Flanagan, Sian Ellard, Miriam Blumenkrantz, John J Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Haploinsufficiency of the GATA6 transcription factor gene was recently found to be the most common cause of pancreatic agenesis, a rare cause of neonatal diabetes mellitus. Although most cases are de novo, we describe three siblings with inherited GATA6 haploinsufficiency and the rare finding of parental mosaicism. CASE PRESENTATION: The proband was born at term with severe intrauterine growth restriction, the first child of non-consanguineous parents...
January 3, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046188/comparative-effectiveness-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-treatment-vs-no-treatment-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-preterm-infants
#16
Jonathan L Slaughter, Patricia B Reagan, Thomas B Newman, Mark A Klebanoff
Importance: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is associated with increased mortality and worsened respiratory outcomes, including bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), in preterm infants. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are efficacious in closing PDA, but the effectiveness of NSAID-mediated PDA closure in improving mortality and preventing BPD is unclear. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of NSAID treatment for PDA in reducing mortality and moderate/severe BPD at 36 weeks postmenstrual age...
January 3, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043190/echocardiographic-assessment-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-very-low-birthweight-infants-over-time-prospective-observational-study
#17
Sook Kyung Yum, Cheong-Jun Moon, Young-Ah Youn, Jae Young Lee, In Kyung Sung
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the echocardiographic parameters that can predict the presence of patent ductus arteriosus(PDA) and haemodynamically significant ductus arteriosus(HSDA) at different time points. METHODS: Echocardiogram was performed on postnatal days 3 and 7(D3-Echo and D7-Echo, respectively) in 71 very low birthweight infants with a median gestational age of 28.0 weeks. We first assessed the correlation between D3-Echo findings among infants with ductal patency and persistent ductal patency on D7-Echo...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042972/a-conservative-treatment-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#18
J B Letshwiti, J Semberova, K Pichova, E M Dempsey, O M Franklin, J Miletin
BACKGROUND: Treatment of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in the preterm infant remains contentious. There are numerous options of the PDA management from early targeted treatment, late (symptomatic) treatment to no treatment at all. AIMS: To evaluate a three different PDA management approaches in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective observational time series study of three cohorts of VLBW infants born between 2004 and 2011...
December 30, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041866/-management-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-preterm-infants-an-evidence-based-approach
#19
V Gournay
A patent ductus arteriosus, very common in the preterm infant (incidence up to 70% in infants less than 28 weeks gestational age), causes a left-to-right shunt leading to overload of the pulmonary circulation and low systemic blood flow. These hemodynamic anomalies are associated with a higher incidence of respiratory, neurological, and digestive complications of prematurity, as well as a higher mortality rate. Although growing knowledge about the natural history, the pathophysiology, and the mechanisms of closure of the ductus arteriosus has resulted in therapeutic progress, management of the patent ductus arteriosus in the preterm infant is still a subject of intense controversy...
December 29, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041670/management-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-are-we-looking-at-the-right-outcomes
#20
EDITORIAL
Eduardo Bancalari, Deepak Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
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