Read by QxMD icon Read


Mariette Matondo, Marlène Marcellin, Karima Chaoui, Marie-Pierre Bousquet-Dubouch, Anne Gonzalez-de-Peredo, Bernard Monsarrat, Odile Burlet-Schiltz
The ubiquitin-proteasome pathway (UPP) plays a critical role in the degradation of proteins implicated in cell cycle control, signal transduction, DNA damage response, apoptosis and immune response. Proteasome inhibitors can inhibit the growth of a broad spectrum of human cancer cells by altering the balance of intracellular proteins. However, the targets of these compounds in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells have not been fully characterized. Herein, we combined large-scale quantitative analysis by SILAC-MS and targeted quantitative proteomic analysis in order to identify proteins regulated upon proteasome inhibition in two AML cell lines displaying different stages of maturation: immature KG1a cells and mature U937 cells...
October 6, 2016: Proteomics
Wanyan Deng, Wenmin Yang, Jie Zeng, Abualgasim Elgaili Abdalla, Jianping Xie
Tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection, remains a grave global public health burden which claims the lives around two to three million annually. PE and PPE proteins, featured by the Pro-Glu (PE) or Pro-Pro-Glu (PPE) motifs at the conserved N-terminal domain, are abundant in the MTB genome. PPE32 can increase intracellular survival of mycobacteria through abnormally increase in cytokines production. PPE32 might subvert the macrophage immune response and thwart its bactericidal effect...
September 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Victoria Catalán, Javier Gómez-Ambrosi, Amaia Rodríguez, Beatriz Ramírez, Víctor Valentí, Rafael Moncada, Manuel F Landecho, Camilo Silva, Javier Salvador, Gema Frühbeck
Interleukin (IL)-32 is a recently described cytokine involved in the regulation of inflammation. We aimed to explore whether IL-32 could function as an inflammatory and angiogenic factor in human obesity and obesity-associated type 2 diabetes. Samples obtained from 90 subjects were used in the study. We show, for the first time that increased circulating levels of IL-32 in obese patients decreased after weight loss achieved by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass but not following a conventional hypocaloric diet. Obese patients exhibited higher expression levels of IL-32 in visceral adipose tissue (AT) as well as in subcutaneous AT and peripheral mononuclear blood cells...
September 14, 2016: Diabetes
Joohyun Lee, Kyung Eun Kim, Soyoung Cheon, Ju Han Song, Younkyung Houh, Tae Sung Kim, Minchan Gil, Kyung Jin Lee, Seonghan Kim, Daejin Kim, Dae Young Hur, Yoolhee Yang, Sa Ik Bang, Hyun Jeong Park, Daeho Cho
Interleukin (IL)-32α, the shortest isoform of proinflammatory cytokine IL-32, is associated with various inflammatory diseases and cancers. However, its involvement in human melanoma is not understood. To determine the effect of IL-32α in melanoma, IL-32α levels were examined in human melanoma cell lines that exhibit different migratory abilities. IL-32α levels were higher in human melanoma cell lines with more migratory ability. An IL-32α-overexpressing G361 human melanoma cell line was generated to investigate the effect of IL-32α on melanoma migration...
August 29, 2016: Oncotarget
F Öngöz Dede, U Balli, Ş Bozkurt Doğan, B Güven
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The cytokine, interleukin (IL)-32, is a relatively new discovery. However, it is very powerful for stimulating tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) under inflammatory conditions. The objective of this research was to explore fluctuations in the levels of TNF-α, IL-32 and IL-10, in both saliva and gingival crevicular fluid. The focus was on measurements taken before and after clinical treatment of chronic periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For the purposes of the study, a total of 27 patients with chronic periodontitis and 27 controls (periodontally healthy) were recruited...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
Claude Lambert, Yuenv Wu, Carmen Aanei
Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is characterized by an ineffective hematopoiesis with production of aberrant clones and a high cell apoptosis rate in bone marrow (BM). Macrophages are in charge of phagocytosis. Innate Immune cells and specific T cells are in charge of immunosurveillance. Little is known on BM cell recruitment and activity as BM aspirate is frequently contaminated with peripheral blood. But evidences suggest an active role of immune cells in protection against MDS and secondary leukemia. BM CD8(+) CD28(-) CD57(+) T cells are directly cytotoxic and have a distinct cytokine signature in MDS, producing TNF-α, IL-6, CCL3, CCL4, IL-1RA, TNFα, FAS-L, TRAIL, and so on...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
Jingfeng Chen, Silu Wang, Jiadong Su, Guanyu Chu, Heyi You, Zongjing Chen, Hongwei Sun, Bicheng Chen, Mengtao Zhou
Interleukin (IL)-32 is a newly discovered cytokine that has multifaceted roles in inflammatory bowel disease, cancer, and autoimmune diseases and participates in cell apoptosis, cancer cell growth inhibition, accentuation of inflammation, and angiogenesis. Here, we investigated the potential effects of IL-32α on epithelial-mesenchymal transition, metastasis, and invasion, and the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in pancreatic cancer cells. The human pancreatic cancer cell lines PANC-1 and SW1990 were used. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related markers, including E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Vimentin, Snail, and Zeb1, as well as extracellular matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), including MMP2, MMP7, and MMP9, were detected by immunofluorescence, Western blotting, and real-time polymerase chain reaction...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Yuan-Yu Zhang, Li Xu, Da-Qi Li, Jian-Hua Shao, Ping Chen, Hong-Yu Zhao, Xue-Bin Dong, Lin-Ping Gu, Wei Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the IL-32 mRNA expression of bone marrow stromal cells and its correlation with apoptosis of bone marrow mononuclear cells in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). METHODS: Bone marrow samples from 26 MDS patients and 10 iron deficiency anemia (IDA, as control) patients were collected, RT-PCR was used to detect the IL-32 mRNA expression of bone marrow stromal cells, and the apoptosis of bone marrow mononuclear cells was detected by flow cytometry with Annexin V-FITC/PI dowble staining...
June 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Haixia Xu, Shaoquan Zhang, Xingfei Pan, Hong Cao, Xiaoping Huang, Qihuan Xu, Haizhen Zhong, Xiaomou Peng
Hepatic fibrosis is a necessarily stage from the progression of chronic liver diseases to cirrhosis, even hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Hepatic fibrosis is characterized by the progressive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM). The balance between ECM production and degradation is mediated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). TIMP-1 is an important regulator in the synthesis and degradation of ECM. IL-32, a multi-function cytokine, could induce IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and other cytokine expressions by activating AP-1, NF-κβ, p38MAPK signal pathways...
September 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Mirjam Schenk, Sebabrata Mahapatra, Phuonganh Le, Hee Jin Kim, Aaron W Choi, Patrick J Brennan, John T Belisle, Robert L Modlin
The innate immune system recognizes microbial pathogens via pattern recognition receptors. One such receptor, NOD2, via recognition of muramyl dipeptide (MDP), triggers a distinct network of innate immune responses, including the production of interleukin-32 (IL-32), which leads to the differentiation of monocytes into dendritic cells (DC). NOD2 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of human leprosy, yet it is not clear whether Mycobacterium leprae, which has a distinct MDP structure, can activate this pathway...
September 2016: Infection and Immunity
Derya Kivrak Salim, Mehmet Sahin, Sadi Köksoy, Haydar Adanir, Inci Süleymanlar
There have been few studies concerning the cytokine profiles in gastric mucosa of Helicobacter pylori-infected patients with normal mucosa, chronic gastritis, and gastric carcinoma (GAC).In the present study, we aimed to elucidate the genomic expression levels and immune pathological roles of cytokines-interferon (IFN)-γ, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, IL-10, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, IL-17A, IL-32-in H pylori-infected patients with normal gastric mucosa (NGM; control), chronic active gastritis (CAG), and GAC...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jung-Sun Cho, Jin-Ah Kim, Joo-Hoo Park, Il-Ho Park, In-Hye Han, Heung-Man Lee
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is prolonged inflammation of the sinonasal mucosa. Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is involved in the pathogenesis of chronic lung inflammatory diseases. The aim of study is to compare the expression level of IL-32 in normal nasal mucosa and CRSwNP and to investigate the mechanism underlying IL-32 expression in CRSwNP. METHODS: IL-32 expression in nasal tissues, normal nasal mucosa-derived fibroblasts (NorDFs) and nasal polyp-derived fibroblasts (NPDFs), ex vivo explants of nasal tissues was measured by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Western blotting, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
May 13, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Akhtar Rasool Asif, Nabeel Ijaz, Ruheena Javed, Abdur Rahman Ansari, Muhammd Awais, Hasan Riaz
Identification of the candidate genes that play key roles in phenotypic variations can provide new information about evolution and positive selection. Interleukin (IL)-32 is involved in many biological processes, however, its role for the immune response against various diseases in mammals is poorly understood. Therefore, the current investigation was performed for the better understanding of the molecular evolution and the positive selection of single nucleotide polymorphism in IL-32 gene. By using FST based method, IL-32 (9375) gene was found to be outlier and under significant positive selection with the provisional combined allocation of mean heterozygosity and Fst...
April 22, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Muhammad Babar Khawar, Muddasir Hassan Abbasi, Nadeem Sheikh
A vast variety of nonstructural proteins have been studied for their key roles and involvement in a number of biological phenomenona. Interleukin-32 is a novel cytokine whose presence has been confirmed in most of the mammals except rodents. The IL-32 gene was identified on human chromosome 16 p13.3. The gene has eight exons and nine splice variants, namely, IL-32α, IL-32β, IL-32γ, IL-32δ, IL-32ε, IL-32ζ, IL-32η, IL-32θ, and IL-32s. It was found to induce the expression of various inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β as well as macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) and has been reported previously to be involved in the pathogenesis and progression of a number of inflammatory disorders, namely, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), gastric inflammation and cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Antonio Di Sabatino, Paolo Giuffrida, Giulia Fornasa, Chiara Salvatore, Alessandro Vanoli, Samuele Naviglio, Luigina De Leo, Alessandra Pasini, Mara De Amici, Costanza Alvisi, Tarcisio Not, Maria Rescigno, Gino Roberto Corazza
BACKGROUND: Immune mechanisms have been implicated in nonceliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), a condition characterized by intestinal and/or extraintestinal symptoms caused by the ingestion of gluten in non-celiac/non-wheat allergic individuals. AIMS: We investigated innate and adaptive immunity in self-reported NCGS versus celiac disease (CD). METHODS: In the supernatants of ex vivo-cultured duodenal biopsies from 14 self-reported NCGS patients, 9 untreated and 10 treated CD patients, and 12 controls we detected innate cytokines - interleukin (IL)-15, tumor necrosis factor-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-12p70, IL-23, IL-27, IL-32α, thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), IFN-α-, adaptive cytokines - interferon (IFN)-γ, IL-17A, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, IL-13-, chemokines - IL-8, CCL1, CCL2, CCL3, CCL4, CCL5, CXCL1, CXCL10-, granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF)...
July 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
Michael B Nicholl, Xuhui Chen, Chenglu Qin, Qian Bai, Ziwen Zhu, Matthew R Davis, Yujiang Fang
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is a recently recognized intracellular, proinflammatory cytokine which may play a role in cancer metastasis and patient survival. The role of IL-32 in cancer, especially its direct effect on cancer cells, is not well understood. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clonogenic assay, PCNA staining, Quick Cell Proliferation assay, TUNEL staining, and caspase-3 activity assay were used to investigate the in vitro role for IL-32α in human melanoma growth...
March 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Yanyun Wang, Bin Zhou, Yi Zhao, Xiuzhang Yu, Yi Liu, Lin Zhang
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystemic autoimmune disease. IL-32, a secreted protein, has been reported to be associated with several autoimmune diseases. Our preliminary experiment showed different plasma IL-32 levels than that mentioned in a published report on the same population. In order to elucidate the correlation between IL-32 and SLE, we determined the plasma level and two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IL-32 in 152 patients with SLE and 310 healthy controls and analyzed the relationship based on the clinical parameters...
2016: Disease Markers
Serena Testi, Alessia Azzarà, Caterina Giovannini, Sara Lombardi, Simona Piaggi, Maria Sole Facioni, Roberto Scarpato
Bystander effect is a known radiobiological effect, widely described using ionizing radiations and which, more recently, has also been related to chemical mutagens. In this study, we aimed to assess whether or not a bystander response can be induced in cultured human peripheral lymphocytes by vincristine, a chemotherapeutic mutagen acting as spindle poison, and by mitomycin-C, an alkylating agent already known to induce this response in human lymphoblastoid cells. Designing a modified ad hoc protocol for the cytokinesis blocked micronucleus (MN) assay, we detected the presence of a dose-dependent bystander response in untreated cultures receiving the conditioned medium (CM) from mitomycin-C (MMC) or vincristine (VCR) treated cultures...
July 2016: Mutation Research
Edita Gasiuniene, Simona Lavinskiene, Raimundas Sakalauskas, Brigita Sitkauskiene
Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is a newly described cytokine which is expected to have an important role in autoimmune disorders. It was shown that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has a component of autoimmunity, though the role of IL-32 in its pathogenesis is not known. The aim of this study was to estimate IL-32 concentrations in serum, induced sputum (IS) supernatant and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid from patients with COPD, and to compare asthma patients with and healthy subjects. Outpatients with COPD (63...
October 2016: COPD
Martine Deplanche, Ludmila Alekseeva, Ksenia Semenovskaya, Chih-Lung Fu, Frederic Dessauge, Laurence Finot, Wolfram Petzl, Holm Zerbe, Yves Le Loir, Pascal Rainard, David G E Smith, Pierre Germon, Michael Otto, Nadia Berkova
The role of the recently described interleukin-32 (IL-32) in Staphylococcus aureus-induced mastitis, an inflammation of the mammary gland, is unclear. We determined expression of IL-32, IL-6, and IL-8 in S. aureus- and Escherichia coli-infected bovine mammary gland epithelial cells. Using live bacteria, we found that in S. aureus-infected cells, induction of IL-6 and IL-8 expression was less pronounced than in E. coli-infected cells. Notably, IL-32 expression was decreased in S. aureus-infected cells, while it was increased in E...
June 2016: Infection and Immunity
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"