keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

child nephrotic syndrome

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924730/congenital-malformations-attributed-to-prenatal-exposure-to-cyclophosphamide
#1
Padmanabhan Rengasamy
Cyclophosphamide (CPA) remains one of the most widely prescribed anticancer drugs. It is also used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, childhood nephrotic syndrome and systemic lupus erythematosus. It is a potent immunosuppressive agent. It is commonly used in blood and bone marrow transplantation. With the growing trend among women postponing childbearing, the number of women who are diagnosed with breast cancer is also increasing thus escalating the chances of exposure of the unborn child to antineoplastic drugs...
December 6, 2016: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904864/nephrotic-range-proteinuria-and-peripheral-edema-in-a-child-not-only-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome
#2
Valentina Dolcemascolo, Marina Vivarelli, Manuela Colucci, Francesca Diomedi-Camassei, Rossella Piras, Marta Alberti, Francesco Emma
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is defined by the simultaneous occurrence of hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute kidney injury due to thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) mainly occurring in renal and cerebral microvessels. Although the most common cause of HUS in children is Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, atypical forms in which Shiga toxin is not the trigger may occur. Research over the last few years has shown that complement dysregulation secondary to mutations of genes coding for proteins involved in the regulation of the alternative pathway of complement account for most forms of atypical HUS (aHUS)...
September 2016: Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904002/diffuse-mesangial-sclerosis-in-a-child-with-dyskeratosis-congenita-leading-to-end-stage-renal-disease
#3
Abidi Kamel, Taha Sayari, Manel Jellouli, Yousra Hammi, Rim Ghoucha Louzir, Tahar Gargah
Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is a very rare inherited disorder. It is caused by dysfunction of telomere maintenance. It involves RNA telomerase components relevant to various mutations leading to a classic triad of physical findings consisting of nail dystrophy of the hands and feet, mucosal leukoplakia, and reticular pigmentation of the skin, most commonly on the head, neck, and trunk. Bone marrow failure along with pulmonary complications and malignancies are all common causes of premature death in patients with DC as well as other abnormalities...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900972/failure-to-thrive-and-nephrocalcinosis-due-to-distal-renal-tubular-acidosis-a-rare-presentation-of-pediatric-lupus-nephritis
#4
Madhumita Nandi, Mrinal Kanti Das, Sukanta Nandi
A 9-year-old female child was initially diagnosed of having nephrocalcinosis with distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) while investigating for short stature. She later on developed features of nephrotic syndrome (NS) while on treatment for RTA. Investigation for the cause of NS revealed very strong serological evidence in favor of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Histopathological confirmation could not be done due to bilateral severely contracted kidneys. There are a few case reports of dRTA as the presentation of SLE, but nephrocalcinosis with dRTA with subsequent manifestation of SLE has hitherto not been reported in literature...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833453/benign-acute-childhood-myositis-complicating-influenza-b-infection-in-a-boy-with-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome
#5
Piotr Skrzypczyk, Joanna Przychodzień, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
INTRODUCTION: Benign acute childhood myositis (BACM) is an acute complication of an infection characterized by calf pain, limitation of lower limb mobility, an increase in serum creatine kinase, and a self-limiting course. No reports of BACM in children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) can be found in the literature. CASE REPORT: A 5-year-old boy with steroid-sensitive INS presented with fever, leg pain, and problems with walking. Physical examination showed pharyngeal erythema, preserved movements in all joints, and weakness of leg muscles...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752014/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-a-5-year-old-boy-with-steroid-dependent-nephrotic-syndrome
#6
Md Habibur Rahman, Md Abdul Qader, Syed Saimul Haque, Md Abdullah Al Mamun, Golam Muin Uddin
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare clinical and radiological phenomenon is encountered in children compared to adults. In our center, a 5-yearold boy with steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS) presented with headache and blurring of vision during relapse after a long course of immunosuppressive therapy. Evaluation by computed tomography scan of the brain showed that the child had hypodense areas throughout the occipital region of the brain. All signs of PRES, except papilledema, resolved after seven days of supportive treatment evidenced by subsequent radiological evaluation...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671102/eltrombopag-thrombopoietin-receptor-agonist-and-plasmapheresis-as-rescue-therapy-of-acute-post-renal-transplant-immune-thrombocytopenia-in-a-child-with-schimke-immuno-osseous-dysplasia-case-report
#7
Ryszard Grenda, Wioletta Jarmużek, Joanna Latoszyńska, Sylwester Prokurat, Jacek Rubik
SIOD is rare disorder related to SMARCAL1 or SMARCAL2 gene mutation, including (among other comorbidities) T-cell immunodeficiency, nephrotic syndrome, and renal failure. Up to 22% of primary patients may develop various autoimmune disorders. We report the case of 11-year-old male with SIOD, who presented ITP at 2 years after renal transplantation with decrease in platelet count (from normal) to 56 000/μL and then (gradually) to 2000/μL. There was no effect of iv. methylprednisolone/dexamethasone. As the presence of antibodies against GPIIb/IIIa, GPIb, and GPIaIIa platelet glycoproteins was confirmed, patient was given 50 g of IVIG and then was put on plasmapheresis; however, both showed poor direct effect...
September 26, 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504551/comparison-of-efficacy-of-tacrolimus-versus-cyclosporine-in-childhood-steroid-resistant-nephrotic-syndrome
#8
Syed Sajid Hussain Shah, Farkhanda Hafeez
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of tacrolimus versus cyclosporine (Calcineurin Inhibitors) in the management of childhood steroid-resistant nephritic syndrome (SRNS). STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Paediatric Nephrology at The Children's Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore, from August 2014 to September 2015. METHODOLOGY: Patients of either gender aged 1 - 12 years, with the diagnosis of mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (MesangioPGN), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) or minimal-change disease (MCD) were included...
July 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403357/collapsing-glomerulopathy-in-a-child-with-galloway-mowat-syndrome
#9
Cengiz Zeybek, Gokalp Basbozkurt, Salih Hamcan, Ayhan Ozcan, Davut Gul, Faysal Gok
Galloway-Mowat syndrome (GMS) is an autosomal recessive disorder with a poor prognosis that was first defined as a triad of central nervous system involvement, hiatal hernia, and nephrotic syndrome. However, this syndrome is now known to have a heterogeneous clinical presentation. The nephrotic syndrome is steroid resistant and is responsible for the outcome. The combination of collapsing glomerulopathy and GMS is very rare. A 26-month-old boy presented with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome associated with neurologic findings, including microcephaly, psychomotor retardation, and nystagmus...
2016: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396511/elevated-urinary-levels-of-8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine-in-a-japanese-child-of-xeroderma-pigmentosum-cockayne-syndrome-complex-with-infantile-onset-of-nephrotic-syndrome
#10
Daiki Kondo, Atsuko Noguchi, Hiroaki Tamura, Satoko Tsuchida, Ikuko Takahashi, Hiroki Kubota, Tamami Yano, Chikako Oyama, Yukio Sawaishi, Shinichi Moriwaki, Tsutomu Takahashi
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is an essential biological pathway protecting against ultraviolet light-induced DNA damage. Deficient NER causes a group of rare genetic disorders including two autosomal recessive diseases, xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) and Cockayne syndrome (CS). In addition to the cutaneous photosensitivity shared in XP and CS, CS is featured by growth failure, neurological deterioration, microcephaly, and deep sunken eyes. XP/CS complex is an extremely rare type of NER disorder with a distinct phenotype that is characterized by the skin and eye pathology of XP and the somatic and neurological abnormalities of CS...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279890/bilateral-iliac-and-popliteal-arterial-thrombosis-in-a-child-with-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis
#11
Kyoung Hee Han, Ji Youn Park, Seung-Kee Min, Il-Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong, Hee Gyung Kang
Thromboembolic complications (TECs) are clinically important sequelae of nephrotic syndrome (NS). The incidence of TECs in children is approximately 2%-5%. The veins are the most commonly affected sites, particularly the deep veins in the legs, the inferior vena cava, the superior vena cava, and the renal veins. Arterial thrombosis, which is less common, typically occurs in the cerebral, pulmonary, and femoral arteries, and is associated with the use of steroids and diuretics. Popliteal artery thrombosis in children has been described in cases of traumatic dissection, osteochondroma, Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection, and fibromuscular dysplasia...
May 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194840/a-rare-case-of-phaeohyphomycosis-caused-by-fonsecaea-pedrosoi-in-a-child-with-nephrotic-syndrome
#12
C Nayyar, N Gulati, B L Sherwal
Dematiaceous fungi are the etiological agents of phaeohyphomycosis and are now increasingly being recognized for causing disease in humans. A high level of suspicion and routine fungal cultures are required to identify these cases. There is no consensus regarding their management. Here, an unusual presentation of phaeohyphomycosis (secondary to Fonsecaea pedrosoi) presenting as a disseminated infection in a case of nephrotic syndrome is described.
May 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27177711/image-guided-thromboembolectomy-of-acute-arterial-occlusion-in-children
#13
Song-Yi Kim, Ahram Han, Chanjoong Choi, Sang-Il Min, Hyo-Cheol Kim, Jongwon Ha, Seung-Kee Min
Acute arterial thromboembolism (ATE) is rare in childhood, but this medical emergency requires immediate treatment. Described herein are separate instances of lower extremity ATE in 2 children, both of whom were successfully managed through image-guided thromboembolectomy (IGT). One patient, a 34-month-old female child with nephrotic syndrome, developed bilateral iliac and popliteal thromboembolic arterial occlusions after high-dose steroid therapy. Another 9-year-old girl suffered an embolism of left popliteal artery due to infectious endocarditis...
July 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142691/pioglitazone-enhances-the-beneficial-effects-of-glucocorticoids-in-experimental-nephrotic-syndrome
#14
S Agrawal, M A Chanley, D Westbrook, X Nie, T Kitao, A J Guess, R Benndorf, G Hidalgo, W E Smoyer
Glucocorticoids are the primary therapy for nephrotic syndrome (NS), but have serious side effects and are ineffective in ~20-50% of patients. Thiazolidinediones have recently been suggested to be renoprotective, and to modulate podocyte glucocorticoid-mediated nuclear receptor signaling. We hypothesized that thiazolidinediones could enhance glucocorticoid efficacy in NS. We found that puromycin aminonucleoside-induced proteinuria in rats was significantly reduced by both high-dose glucocorticoids (79%) and pioglitazone (61%), but not low-dose glucocorticoids (25%)...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27004562/simultaneous-mutations-of-lamb2-and-nphp1genes-in-a-chinese-girl-with-isolated-congenital-nephrotic-syndrome-a-case-report
#15
Liru Qiu, Jianhua Zhou
BACKGROUND: LAMB2 mutations cause Pierson syndrome (OMIM 609049), an autosomal recessive genetic disease typically characterized by congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS) and early onset renal failure, as well as bilateral microcoria. NPHP1 mutations cause familial juvenile nephronophthisis type 1 (NPHP1, OMIM 256100), another autosomal recessive renal disease that usually occurs years after birth. Both Pierson syndrome and nephronophthisis cause end-stage renal disease and rare kidney diseases in children...
March 22, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998310/parental-attitudes-to-genetic-testing-differ-by-ethnicity-and-immigration-in-childhood-nephrotic-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Karlota Borges, Jovanka Vasilevska-Ristovska, Neesha Hussain-Shamsy, Viral Patel, Tonny Banh, Diane Hebert, Rachel J Pearl, Seetha Radhakrishnan, Tino D Piscione, Christoph P B Licht, Valerie Langlois, Leo Levin, Lisa Strug, Rulan S Parekh
BACKGROUND: Studies in the USA report differences in opinion among parents of different ethnic groups toward genetic testing for their child; however, there are no studies that address this issue in the diverse ethnic and immigrant population in Canada. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine whether ethnicity and immigration status influences parental interest in clinical genetic testing for a potentially progressive kidney disease. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26975192/cyclosporine-a-induced-histological-changes-of-cathepsin-l-and-cd2ap-expression-in-renal-glomeruli-and-tubules
#17
Keisuke Sugimoto, Tomoki Miyazawa, Takuji Enya, Kouhei Miyazaki, Mitsuru Okada, Tsukasa Takemura
BACKGROUND: Cyclosporine A (CsA) is used globally as an immunosuppressant for the treatment of immune-mediated nephrotic syndrome (NS). However, its long-term use causes nephrotoxicity characterized by tubulointerstitial injury and glomerulosclerosis. The present study aimed to investigate the associations between histomorphological findings and immunohistological expression of Cathepsin L (CatL) and CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) in patients with NS mediated with CsA. METHODS: A total of 18 patients with child-onset NS were divided into two groups after treatment with CsA for 2 years (group A; n = 10) and more than 4 years (group B; n = 8), respectively...
March 14, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928310/anti-vegf-related-thrombotic-microangiopathy-in-a-child-presenting-with-nephrotic-syndrome
#18
Songül Yılmaz, Z Birsin Özçakar, Aysel Taktak, Saba Kiremitçi, Arzu Ensari, Handan Dinçaslan, Fatoş Yalçınkaya
BACKGROUND: Targeting the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway has become an important approach to current cancer therapy. Anti-VEGF therapy-related renal adverse effects may present as hypertension, non-nephrotic proteinuria, and rarely as nephrotic syndrome (NS) and acute kidney injury. CASE-DIAGNOSIS/TREATMENT: In this report, we present a 15-year-old boy who had developed nephrotic syndrome and thrombotic microangiopathy 26 months after administration of anti-VEGF therapy...
June 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889476/nephrotic-syndrome-without-hematuria-due-to-infection-related-glomerulonephritis-mimicking-minimal-change-disease-in-a-child
#19
Yoichi Iwafuchi, Tetsuo Morioka, Takashi Morita, Kanako Watanabe, Yuko Oyama, Ichiei Narita
Nephrotic syndrome without hematuria due to infection-related glomerulonephritis is uncommon. The present report describes a case of nephrotic syndrome due to infection-related glomerulonephritis without hematuria and hypertension in an older child. A 14-year-old boy was referred to our hospital because of a 5-day history of fever, nausea, weight gain and recent leg edema without hypertension. Laboratory data showed nephrotic-range proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, mild hypocomplementemia and acute renal injury without hematuria...
January 2016: Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856291/frequency-of-relapse-among-nigerian-children-with-steroid-sensitive-nephrotic-syndrome
#20
C I Esezobor, T A Ladapo, F E Lesi
BACKGROUND: The clinical course of steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS) among Nigerian children has rarely been reported; this makes prognostication difficult. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to determine the frequency of relapses including frequent relapses (FR) and steroid-dependence (SD) in a cohort of Nigerian children with SSNS. A secondary objective was to identify clinical and demographic factors associated with relapse in these children. METHODS: Medical records of children with SSNS in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria were reviewed...
March 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
keyword
keyword
55218
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"