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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819762/separating-the-limbs-of-yoga-limited-effects-on-stress-and-mood
#1
Evangeline A Wheeler, Antonia N Santoro, Alicia F Bembenek
Though millions of people practice yoga to reduce stress and improve their mood, it is unclear which aspect of yoga is responsible for these effects. To investigate relevant aspects, or "limbs" of yoga, participants who were novices in the practice of yoga engaged in a single yoga manipulation (i.e., poses, breath work, meditation, or listening to a lecture about yoga) for 20 min before experiencing a mild stressor. Participants' heart rate, blood pressure, mood, and anxiety level were assessed, both immediately after the yoga manipulation and after the mild stressor...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795775/interventions-to-reduce-perceived-stress-among-graduate-students-a-systematic-review-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#2
Susan B Stillwell, Amber L Vermeesch, Jane G Scott
BACKGROUND: Stress is a part of daily life for graduate students, including graduate nursing students. Contemporary graduate nursing students are facing unprecedented challenges to meet rigorous academic standards as they prepare for their advanced professional role to meet the demands of the nation's complex and ever-changing healthcare system. Empowering graduate nursing students to ease their perceived stress and minimize undesirable health effects may benefit their capacity to adapt and successfully manage perceived stress in their future healthcare role...
August 10, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763262/guidelines-for-teaching-yoga-to-women-with-breast-cancer-related-lymphoedema-an-evidence-based-approach
#3
Annette Loudon, Tony Barnett, Andrew D Williams, Denis Visentin, Maarten A Immink, Neil Piller
Breast cancer-related lymphoedema (BCRL) is a chronic condition that requires lifelong management to prevent the condition worsening and to reduce the threat of infection. Women are affected in all domains of their life. As a holistic practice, yoga may be of benefit by reducing both the physical and psychosocial effects of lymphoedema. Women with BCRL are attending yoga classes in increasing numbers, so it is essential that yoga be based on principles that ensure lymphoedema is controlled and not exacerbated...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710927/effects-of-brief-mindful-breathing-and-loving-kindness-meditation-on-shame-and-social-problem-solving-abilities-among-individuals-with-high-borderline-personality-traits
#4
Shian-Ling Keng, Jun Xian Tan
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe mental condition characterized by a range of cognitive and behavioral vulnerabilities, including chronic shame and deficits in social problem solving (SPS) abilities. Little research however, has examined strategies that may alleviate shame and SPS deficits among individuals with BPD traits. Using a laboratory experimental approach, the present study compared the effects of a brief mindfulness versus loving-kindness meditation (LKM) induction on shame and SPS abilities in a sample of adults with high BPD traits...
July 8, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670311/what-is-the-molecular-signature-of-mind-body-interventions-a-systematic-review-of-gene-expression-changes-induced-by-meditation-and-related-practices
#5
REVIEW
Ivana Buric, Miguel Farias, Jonathan Jong, Christopher Mee, Inti A Brazil
There is considerable evidence for the effectiveness of mind-body interventions (MBIs) in improving mental and physical health, but the molecular mechanisms of these benefits remain poorly understood. One hypothesis is that MBIs reverse expression of genes involved in inflammatory reactions that are induced by stress. This systematic review was conducted to examine changes in gene expression that occur after MBIs and to explore how these molecular changes are related to health. We searched PubMed throughout September 2016 to look for studies that have used gene expression analysis in MBIs (i...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585989/contemplative-activities-in-undergraduate-nursing-courses
#6
Elizabeth Ann Fiske
BACKGROUND: Affective learning is valued in nursing, but it is often difficult to plan and evaluate learning activities in this domain. Contemplative activities can promote learning and are relatively easy to implement. These activities can promote deep, reflective thinking. METHOD: A variety of contemplative activities were used in undergraduate nursing courses. Students participated in and reflected on a vigil promoting domestic violence awareness. They attended two different art exhibits and related these exhibits to nursing...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558525/does-mind-wandering-mediate-the-association-between-mindfulness-and-negative-mood-a-preliminary-study
#7
Yuzheng Wang, Wei Xu, Capella Zhuang, Xinghua Liu
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between trait mindfulness and mood and to examine whether the relationship is mediated by mind wandering. Eighty-two individuals ( M age = 24.27 years, SD = 5.64, 18 men, 22%) completed a series of measures including the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, the Profile of Mood States Questionnaire, and Meditation Breath Attention Exercise. Results showed that the level of mindfulness was significantly correlated with positive and negative mood, and the association between mindfulness and negative mood was mediated by mind wandering...
February 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553249/yoga-poses-increase-subjective-energy-and-state-self-esteem-in-comparison-to-power-poses
#8
Agnieszka Golec de Zavala, Dorottya Lantos, Deborah Bowden
Research on beneficial consequences of yoga focuses on the effects of yogic breathing and meditation. Less is known about the psychological effects of performing yoga postures. The present study investigated the effects of yoga poses on subjective sense of energy and self-esteem. The effects of yoga postures were compared to the effects of 'power poses,' which arguably increase the sense of power and self-confidence due to their association with interpersonal dominance (Carney et al., 2010). The study tested the novel prediction that yoga poses, which are not associated with interpersonal dominance but increase bodily energy, would increase the subjective feeling of energy and therefore increase self-esteem compared to 'high power' and 'low power' poses...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503528/the-development-of-anger-management-program-based-on-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-youth-taekwondo-players
#9
Duksun Chang, Seunghyun Hwang
This study aimed to develop an intervention program based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for youth taekwondo players. Eight sessions of the ACT program were provided to nine youth taekwondo players. The content analysis was conducted for the activities, activity sheets, assignments, and program evaluations. First of all, the results showed that the ACT program changed the participants' diverse psychological inflexibility a flexible and value-oriented state, which was supported by their positive mood changes after each session...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437144/framingham-risk-score-and-estimated-10-year-cardiovascular-disease-risk-reduction-by-a-short-term-yoga-based-life-style-intervention
#10
Rashmi Yadav, Raj Kumar Yadav, Kumar Sarvottam, Ritesh Netam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a short-term yoga-based life-style intervention program in lowering Framingham Risk Score (FRS) and estimated 10-year cardiovascular risk. METHODS: This was a single-arm, pre-post interventional study including data from a historical cohort with low to moderate risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). It was conducted in a tertiary-care hospital. Participants with low (0 or 1 CVD risk factors) to moderately high risk (10-year risk between 10% and 20% and two or more CVD risk factors) were included...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428955/commentary-a-breathing-based-meditation-intervention-for-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-following-inadequate-response-to-antidepressants-a-randomized-pilot-study
#11
COMMENT
Skye McKennon, Sarah Elizabeth Levitt, Grzegorz Bulaj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410446/self-reported-long-term-benefits-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#12
Béatrice Weber, Loretta Sala, Marianne Gex-Fabry, Aurélie Docteur, Philip Gorwood, Paolo Cordera, Guido Bondolfi, Françoise Jermann, Jean-Michel Aubry, Christine Mirabel-Sarron
OBJECTIVES: This study focused on patients with bipolar disorder (BD), several years after their participation in mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). It aimed at documenting sustained mindfulness practice, perceived long-term benefit from the program, and changes regarded as direct consequences of the intervention. DESIGN: This cross-sectional survey took place at least 2 years after MBCT for 70.4% of participants. LOCATION: It was conducted in two specialized outpatient units for BDs that are part of the Geneva University Hospitals (Switzerland) and the Sainte-Anne Hospital in Paris (France)...
July 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406871/effects-of-breathing-based-meditation-on-earthquake-affected-health-professionals
#13
Miho Iwakuma, Daien Oshita, Akihiro Yamamoto, Yuka Urushibara-Miyachi
On March 11, 2013, the Great East Japan Earthquake (magnitude 9) hit the northern part of Japan (Tohoku), killing more than 15 000 people and leaving long-lasting scars, including psychological damage among evacuees, some of whom were health professionals. Little is known about meditation efficacy on disaster-affected health professionals. The present study investigated the effects of breathing-based meditation on seminar participants who were health professionals who had survived the earthquake. This study employed a mixed methods approach, using both survey data and handwritten qualitative data...
May 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403461/toward-enhancing-treatment-for-pregnant-smokers-laying-the-groundwork-for-the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-approaches
#14
Amy M Loree, Steven J Ondersma, Emily R Grekin
Introduction: Although effective treatments exist, most women who smoke during pregnancy neither seek nor receive treatment. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments (eg, mindfulness, yoga, and acupuncture) may be attractive, low-cost options that can be used to assist a large proportion of pregnant women with smoking cessation. Methods: This study examined participant characteristics and treatment utilization among pregnant smokers in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) and the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) in order to explore the prevalence and predictors of CAM use for any purpose within this population...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398841/intervention-protocol-for-investigating-yoga-implemented-during-chemotherapy
#15
Stephanie J Sohl, Gurjeet S Birdee, Sheila H Ridner, Amy Wheeler, Sandra Gilbert, Danielle Tarantola, Jordan Berlin, Russell L Rothman
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue and other treatment-related symptoms are critical therapeutic targets for improving quality of life in patients with colorectal cancer during chemotherapy. Yoga is a promising intervention for improving these therapeutic targets and has been primarily investigated in the group-class format, which is less feasible for cancer patients with high symptom burden to attend. Thus, we developed a protocol for implementing yoga individually in the clinic among patients receiving chemotherapy...
August 15, 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208599/medical%C3%A2-yoga%C3%A2-therapy
#16
REVIEW
Ina Stephens
Medical yoga is defined as the use of yoga practices for the prevention and treatment of  medical conditions. Beyond the physical elements of yoga, which are important and effective for  strengthening  the  body,  medical  yoga  also  incorporates  appropriate  breathing  techniques,  mindfulness, and meditation in order to achieve the maximum benefits. Multiple studies have  shown that yoga can positively impact the body in many ways, including helping to regulate blood  glucose levels, improve musculoskeletal ailments and keeping the cardiovascular system in tune...
February 10, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173769/effects-of-an-antenatal-mindfulness-based-childbirth-and-parenting-programme-on-the-postpartum-experiences-of-mothers-a-qualitative-interview-study
#17
Françoise Roy Malis, Thorsten Meyer, Mechthild M Gross
BACKGROUND: Applications of mindfulness during the perinatal period have recently been explored and appear to offer a decrease in stress, anxiety and depression during this period. However, it still remains unclear what practical use women make of mindfulness during the postpartum period and the mechanisms through which it works. The subjective experience of mindfulness practice by mothers is not fully understood. The aim of the present study was to explore how women enrolled in a "Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting programme" experienced mindfulness practice during the postpartum period...
February 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166701/aligning-yoga-with-its-evolving-role-in-health-care
#18
Avinash R Patwardhan
Evidence is accumulating that suggests that yoga has beneficial effects in mitigating the impact of certain diseases. As a result, efforts are being made to medicalize yoga and use it within integrative medicine as a therapy. However, there are substantial shortcomings in the practice, policy, and research of yoga that undermine its optimal use. Yoga as a modality functions within a context. Therefore, it is important to occasionally step back and examine the entirety of the context from a high vantage to assess whether the tactical and programmatic endeavors are aligned with the strategic intended purpose...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163798/phenomenological-fingerprints-of-four-meditations-differential-state-changes-in-affect-mind-wandering-meta-cognition-and-interoception-before-and-after-daily-practice-across-9%C3%A2-months-of-training
#19
Bethany E Kok, Tania Singer
Despite increasing interest in the effects of mental training practices such as meditation, there is much ambiguity regarding whether and to what extent the various types of mental practice have differential effects on psychological change. To address this gap, we compare the effects of four common meditation practices on measures of state change in affect, mind-wandering, meta-cognition, and interoception. In the context of a 9-month mental training program called the ReSource Project, 229 mid-life adults (mean age 41) provided daily reports before and after meditation practice...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163795/mindful-aging-the-effects-of-regular-brief-mindfulness-practice-on-electrophysiological-markers-of-cognitive-and-affective-processing-in-older-adults
#20
Peter Malinowski, Adam W Moore, Bethan R Mead, Thomas Gruber
There is growing interest in the potential benefits of mindfulness meditation practices in terms of counteracting some of the cognitive effects associated with aging. Pursuing this question, the aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of mindfulness training on executive control and emotion regulation in older adults, by means of studying behavioral and electrophysiological changes. Participants, 55 to 75 years of age, were randomly allocated to an 8-week mindful breath awareness training group or an active control group engaging in brain training exercises...
2017: Mindfulness
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