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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443019/a-community-based-stress-management-program-using-wearable-devices-to-assess-whole-body-physiological-responses-in-non-laboratory-settings
#1
Robert Carter, Kirtigandha Salwe Carter, John Holliday, Alice Holliday, Carlton Keith Harrison
A pragmatic breath-based intervention to benefit human performance and stress management is timely and valuable to individuals seeking holistic approaches for emotional regulation and optimizing compensatory reserve mechanisms. This protocol is designed to not only teach mind-body awareness but also to provide feedback utilizing physiological data and survey results. The primary findings of this study showed that heart coherence and alpha variables were significantly correlated after four weeks of the breath-based meditation stress protocol...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438845/-brain-over-body-a-study-on-the-willful-regulation-of-autonomic-function-during-cold-exposure
#2
Otto Muzik, Kaice T Reilly, Vaibhav A Diwadkar
The defense of body temperature against environmental thermal challenges is a core objective of homeostatic regulation governed by the autonomic nervous system. Autonomous mechanisms of thermoregulation are only weakly affected by top-down modulation, allowing only transient tolerance for extreme cold. There is however, anecdotal evidence of a unique set of individuals known for extreme cold tolerance. Here we present a case study of a 57-year old Dutch national, Wim Hof, the so-called "Iceman", with the ability to withstand frequent prolonged periods of extreme cold exposure based on the practice of a self-developed technique involving a combination of forced breathing, cold exposure and meditation (collectively referred to as the Wim Hof Method, henceforth "WHM")...
February 10, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430257/when-traits-match-states-examining-the-associations-between-self-report-trait-and-state-mindfulness-following-a-state-mindfulness-induction
#3
Adrian J Bravo, Matthew R Pearson, Adam D Wilson, Katie Witkiewitz
Previous research has found inconsistent relationships between trait mindfulness and state mindfulness. To extend previous research, we sought to examine the unique associations between self-report trait mindfulness and state mindfulness by levels of meditation experience (meditation-naïve vs. meditation-experienced) and by mindfulness induction (experimentally induced mindful state vs. control group). We recruited 299 college students (93 with previous mindfulness meditation experience) to participate in an experiment that involved the assessment of five facets of trait mindfulness (among other constructs), followed by a mindfulness induction (vs...
February 2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422747/yoga-in-print-media-missing-the-heart-of-the-practice
#4
Heather Freeman, Nadezhda Vladagina, Elika Razmjou, Christiane Brems
Background: Popular media typically portray yoga as an exercise or posture practice despite the reality that yoga comprised eight practices (called limbs) including ethical behavior, conscious lifestyle choices, postures, breathing, introspection, concentration, meditation, and wholeness. Aim: This study assessed the comprehensiveness of yoga practice as represented in articles in the popular yoga magazine, Yoga Journal. It explored the degree to which articles referenced each of the eight limbs of yoga and other contents (e...
September 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421165/a-pragmatic-evaluation-of-symptom-distress-after-group-meditation-for-cancer-patients-and-caregivers-a-preliminary-report
#5
Gabriel Lopez, Alejandro Chaoul, Catherine Powers-James, Amy Spelman, Qi Wei, Rosalinda Engle, Yousra Hashmi, Eduardo Bruera, Lorenzo Cohen
CONTEXT: Complementary health approaches such as meditation may help improve cancer patient and caregiver symptoms, yet little research has examined the clinical application of these programs. OBJECTIVES: We explored the effects of a meditation group class, offered as part of an integrative medicine clinic at a comprehensive cancer center, on patient and caregiver self-reported symptoms. METHODS: Participants (patients and caregivers) of any three meditation group classes offered - Power of Breath (PB), Sacred Sounds (SS), and Movement & Breath (MB) - were asked to complete the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS; scale 0-10, 10 most severe) before and after participation...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379573/the-effects-of-yoga-in-patients-suffering-from-subjective-tinnitus
#6
Sümbüle Köksoy, Can Mehmet Eti, Meltem Karataş, Yusuf Vayisoglu
Introduction  Tinnitus is a perception of sound in the absence of an external source and it is a distressing issue. Yoga is a system of mind-body practices with the goal of uniting the body, mind and soul. It has been shown to reduce anxiety and stress, as well as improving the quality of life. Objective  The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of yoga in patients suffering from chronic subjective tinnitus. Methods  Twelve subjects previously diagnosed with chronic subjective tinnitus were selected for the study...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355046/feasibility-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-tailored-yoga-in-survivors-of-head-and-neck-cancer-a-pilot-study
#7
Melissa Adair, Barbara Murphy, Sujatha Yarlagadda, Jie Deng, Mary S Dietrich, Sheila H Ridner
PURPOSE: Treatment for head and neck cancer (HNC) results in long-term toxicities and increased physical and psychosocial survivor burden. There are a limited number of treatments for these late effects. Yoga postures, breath work, relaxation, and meditation, may improve these late effects. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of a tailored yoga program in HNC survivors and obtain preliminary efficacy data. METHODS: This was a randomized wait-list control study of yoga-naive HNC survivors who were >3 months post-cancer treatment...
January 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350581/characteristics-of-yoga-practice-and-predictors-of-practice-frequency
#8
Sujata Ghosh Ayala, Kenneth Wallson, Gurjeet Birdee
Yoga is a globally popular mind-body practice used for health. The objective of this study was to characterize yoga practice and factors associated with frequency of practice. Yoga practitioners were sent invitations via email to participate in an online survey. Yoga characteristics and other sociodemographics were collected. Data from 309 consenting respondents were analyzed for patterns in practice characteristics (yoga techniques, location of practice, method of instruction, teacher status, and yoga type)...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350580/development-and-evaluation-of-a-yoga-intervention-program-for-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Catherine Justice, Corjena Cheung, Amy Samson-Burke
Preliminary research indicates that yoga could be a valuable tool for people suffering from Parkinson's disease (PD). However, little has been published about the process by which the yoga interventions were designed and evaluated. This study elaborates on the process of developing and testing a bi-weekly, 12-week yoga program to determine its safety and feasibility for people with PD. The lead yoga teacher used input from a focused literature review to design an initial draft of the intervention program. This draft was reviewed by a group of yoga experts ( n = 6) to develop the final intervention program...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308657/the-physical-postures-of-yoga-practices-may-protect-against-depressive-symptoms-even-as-life-stressors-increase-a-moderation-analysis
#10
Rebecca A Franklin, Michael P Butler, Jacob A Bentley
Yoga contains sub-components related to its physical postures (asana), breathing methods (pranayama), and meditation (dhyana). To test the hypothesis that specific yoga practices are associated with reduced psychological distress, 186 adults completed questionnaires assessing life stressors, symptom severity, and experience with each of these aspects of yoga. Each yoga sub-component was found to be negatively correlated with psychological distress indices. However, differing patterns of relationship to psychological distress symptoms were found for each yoga sub-component...
January 8, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241287/-where-and-how-does-yoga-work-a-scientific-overview
#11
Holger Cramer
As a traditional health care system, yoga combines physical activity, breathing techniques and meditation. It is increasingly used as a preventive or therapeutic means. Yoga has been researched in hundreds of randomized controlled trials. Positive effects are especially found for chronic pain conditions, hypertension, depression and in supportive cancer care. While there are case reports of serious adverse events associated with yoga, the risk seems to be extremely low and comparable to other forms of physical activity...
December 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228793/effects-of-shambhavi-mahamudra-kriya-a-multicomponent-breath-based-yogic-practice-pranayama-on-perceived-stress-and-general-well-being
#12
Christine Tara Peterson, Sarah M Bauer, Deepak Chopra, Paul J Mills, Raj K Maturi
Stress-induced disorders such as anxiety represent the leading causes of adult disability worldwide. Previous studies indicate that yoga and other contemplative practices such as pranayama, or controlled yogic breathing techniques, may be effective in the treatment of mood disorders and stress. In this study, 142 individuals (mean age = 43 years; SD = 13.90) participated in a 3-day retreat program during which they learned Shambhavi Mahamudra kriya, which is a yogic practice that includes both deep breathing and meditation techniques...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184896/formative-evaluation-on-cultural-tailoring-breathing-awareness-meditation-smartphone-apps-to-reduce-stress-and-blood-pressure
#13
John C Sieverdes, Zachary W Adams, Lynne Nemeth, Brenda Brunner-Jackson, Martina Mueller, Ashley Anderson, Sachin Patel, Luke Sox, Frank A Treiber
Background: Chronic stress is an independent risk factor for essential hypertension (EH), cardiovascular disease (CVD), and is sometimes confronted by mal-adaptive coping behaviors (e.g., stress eating, excessive alcohol consumption, etc.). Pre-essential hypertension (preEH) is the leading predictor of future EH status. Breathing awareness meditation (BAM) can result in clinically beneficial blood pressure (BP) reductions, though face-to-face sessions presents barriers to reach those in need...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179024/effects-of-brief-mindfulness-and-loving-kindness-meditation-inductions-on-emotional-and-behavioral-responses-to-social-rejection-among-individuals-with-high-borderline-personality-traits
#14
Shian-Ling Keng, Hui Han Tan
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by an enduring pattern of instability across affective, behavioral, cognitive, and interpersonal domains. Individuals with BPD are known to be particularly vulnerable to experiences of social rejection, but little work has examined strategies that may moderate their reactivity to social rejection. Using a laboratory experimental approach, this study investigated the effects of brief mindfulness and loving-kindness meditation (LKM) inductions on emotional and behavioral responses to social rejection in a sample of adults with high BPD traits...
November 22, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154892/reflection-on-the-role-of-the-spirit-in-finding-meaning-and-healing-as-clincians
#15
Carolyn Jacobs
Reflections on the Role of the Spirit in Finding Meaning and Healing as Clinicians is based on a presentation for the George Washington Spirituality and Health Summer Institute July 13, 2017. The presentation invited health care professionals to explore contemplative practices as ways to invite the Spirit into strengthening their resilience in caring for themselves and others. As clinicians there is often a longing to be grounded in a regular contemplative practice centering one's inner life and to acknowledge the creative energy of the Spirit in relationships...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131727/guidelines-for-teaching-yoga-to-women-with-breast-cancer-related-lymphoedema-an-evidence-based-approach
#16
Annette Loudon, Tony Barnett, Andrew D Williams, Denis Visentin, Maarten A Immink, Neil Piller
Breast cancer-related lymphoedema (BCRL) is a chronic condition that requires lifelong management to prevent the condition worsening and to reduce the threat of infection. Women are affected in all domains of their life. As a holistic practice, yoga may be of benefit by reducing both the physical and psychosocial effects of lymphoedema. Women with BCRL are attending yoga classes in increasing numbers, so it is essential that yoga be based on principles that ensure lymphoedema is controlled and not exacerbated...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114529/rehabilitation-training-in-artificially-heated-environment
#17
Ping-Chung Leung
Sauna has become a popular club house facility where the dweller enjoys relaxation. Some exercise groups like yoga and Qigong practitioners, are making use of the heated environment to achieve quicker and better results of trainings. Sauna therapy is producing a thermal stress through hyperthermia. The cardiovascular system readily responds by increasing the heart rate which can become double the resting stage within minutes and cardiac output may have a 70% increase. The body's surface response to heat leads to a 40% of decrease in peripheral vascular resistance, thus allowing rapid peripheral blood flow which is responsible for greater heat dispersal directly from the skin...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112941/yoga-can-improve-assisted-reproduction-technology-outcomes-in-couples-with-infertility
#18
Sara Darbandi, Mahsa Darbandi, Hamid Reza Khorram Khorshid, Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
Context • Depending on the cause of the infertility, nonsurgical or surgical treatments may be used to treat men and women with infertility. Despite improved outcomes due to medical advances, assisted reproductive technology (ART) for couples with infertility is sometimes unsuccessful. Success may be affected by the patient's social, psychological, and physical status. Objective • The study examined the effects of yoga-including asanas (yoga poses), pranayama (proper breathing), shavasana, and meditation-on male and female fertility and ART outcomes...
November 7, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022737/implementation-of-an-integrative-medicine-treatment-program-at-a-veterans-health-administration-residential-mental-health-facility
#19
Melinda A Gaddy
A 4-week interdisciplinary integrative medicine program was recently added to the core treatment offerings for veterans participating in the Mental Health Residential Rehabilitation Program at the Dwight D. Eisenhower Veterans Affairs Medical Center. The new integrative medicine program teaches veterans about using meditative practices, nutrition, creative expression, tai chi, hatha yoga, sensory and breathing techniques, and lifestyle changes to enhance well-being. The groups are run by professionals from a variety of disciplines including recreation therapy, art therapy, occupational therapy, psychology, and nutrition...
October 12, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972124/activity-patterns-elicited-by-airflow-in-the-olfactory-bulb-and-their-possible-functions
#20
Ruiqi Wu, Yue Liu, Li Wang, Bo Li, Fuqiang Xu
Olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) can sense both odorants and airflows. In the olfactory bulb (OB), the coding of odor information has been well studied, but the coding of mechanical stimulation is rarely investigated. Unlike odor-sensing functions of OSNs, the airflow-sensing functions of OSNs are also largely unknown. Here, the activity patterns elicited by mechanical airflow in male rat OBs were mapped using fMRI and correlated with local field potential recordings. In an attempt to reveal possible functions of airflow sensing, the relationship between airflow patterns and physiological parameters was also examined...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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