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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909646/the-neural-mechanisms-of-meditative-practices-novel-approaches-for-healthy-aging
#1
REVIEW
Bianca P Acevedo, Sarah Pospos, Helen Lavretsky
OBJECTIVES: Meditation has been shown to have physical, cognitive, and psychological health benefits that can be used to promote healthy aging. However, the common and specific mechanisms of response remain elusive due to the diverse nature of mind-body practices. METHODS: In this review, we aim to compare the neural circuits implicated in focused-attention meditative practices that focus on present-moment awareness to those involved in active-type meditative practices (e...
2016: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898207/a-breathing-based-meditation-intervention-for-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-following-inadequate-response-to-antidepressants-a-randomized-pilot-study
#2
Anup Sharma, Marna S Barrett, Andrew J Cucchiara, Nalaka S Gooneratne, Michael E Thase
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate feasibility, efficacy, and tolerability of Sudarshan Kriya yoga (SKY) as an adjunctive intervention in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) with inadequate response to antidepressant treatment. METHODS: Patients with MDD (defined by DSM-IV-TR) who were depressed despite ≥ 8 weeks of antidepressant treatment were randomized to SKY or a waitlist control (delayed yoga) arm for 8 weeks. The primary efficacy end point was change in 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-17) total score from baseline to 2 months...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863598/the-effects-of-a-simulated-laughter-programme-on-mood-cortisol-levels-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-haemodialysis-patients
#3
Eun Hwa Heo, Sehyun Kim, Hye-Ja Park, Suk Yong Kil
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a simulated laughter programme on mood, cortisol levels, and health-related quality of life among haemodialysis patients. METHODS: Forty participants were randomly assigned to a laughter group (n = 20) or a control group (n = 20). Eleven participants completed the laughter programme after haemodialysis sessions and 18 control participants remained. The 4-week simulated laughter programme included weekly 60 min group sessions of simulated laughter, breathing, stretching exercises, and meditation, as well as daily 15 s individual laughter sessions administered via telephone...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809558/hatha-yoga-practice-improves-attention-and-processing-speed-in-older-adults-results-from-an-8-week-randomized-control-trial
#4
Neha P Gothe, Arthur F Kramer, Edward McAuley
BACKGROUND: Age-related cognitive decline is well documented across various aspects of cognitive function, including attention and processing speed, and lifestyle behaviors such as physical activity play an important role in preventing cognitive decline and maintaining or even improving cognitive function. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week Hatha yoga intervention on attention and processing speed among older adults. METHODS: Participants (n = 118; mean age, 62 ± 5...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797664/yoga-as-coping-a-conceptual-framework-for-meaningful-participation-in-yoga
#5
Brandi M Crowe, Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Arlene A Schmid
Yoga facilitates relaxation and connection of mind, body, and spirit through the use of breathing, meditation, and physical postures. Participation in yoga has been extensively linked to decreased stress, and as a result, is considered a therapeutic intervention by many. However, few theories exist that explain the link between yoga participation and improved psychosocial wellbeing. The leisure-stress coping conceptual framework suggests that through participation in leisure, an individual can decrease stress while concurrently restoring and building up sustainable mental and physical capacities...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797662/intervention-protocol-for-investigating-yoga-implemented-during-chemotherapy
#6
Stephanie J Sohl, Gurjeet S Birdee, Sheila H Ridner, Amy Wheeler, Sandra Gilbert, Danielle Tarantola, Jordan Berlin, Russell L Rothman
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue and other treatment-related symptoms are critical therapeutic targets for improving quality of life in patients with colorectal cancer during chemotherapy. Yoga is a promising intervention for improving these therapeutic targets and has been primarily investigated in the group-class format, which is less feasible for cancer patients with high symptom burden to attend. Thus, we developed a protocol for implementing yoga individually in the clinic among patients receiving chemotherapy...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747823/workload-regulation-by-sudarshan-kriya-an-eeg-and-ecg-perspective
#7
Sushil Chandra, Greeshma Sharma, Mansi Sharma, Devendra Jha, Alok Pakash Mittal
Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY) is a type of rhythmic breathing activity, trivially a form of Pranayama that stimulates physical, mental, emotional, and social well-being. The objective of the present work is to verify the effect of meditation in optimizing task efficiency and regulating stress. It builds on to quantitatively answer if SKY will increase workload tolerance for divided attention tasks in the people sank in it. EEG and ECG recordings were taken from a total of twenty-five subjects who had volunteered for the experiment...
July 18, 2016: Brain Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670869/-merging-yoga-and-occupational-therapy-my-ot-a-feasibility-and-pilot-study
#8
Arlene A Schmid, Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Jennifer D Portz, Karen E Atler, Christine A Fruhauf
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and benefits of the Merging Yoga and Occupational Therapy (MY-OT) intervention. DESIGN: This is the primary analysis of a non-controlled pretest-posttest pilot study to understand the feasibility and impact of MY-OT on balance, balance self-efficacy, and fall risk factor management in people with chronic stroke. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: People with chronic stroke were included in the study if they: had sustained a fall or had fear of falling, were able to stand, and hand impaired balance and were at risk for falls (≤46 on the Berg Balance Scale (BBS))...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567496/perspectives-of-healthcare-professionals-and-patients-on-the-application-of-mindfulness-in-individuals-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
Samantha L Harrison, Annemarie Lee, Roger S Goldstein, Dina Brooks
OBJECTIVE: To explore the views of healthcare professionals (HCPs) and patients towards mindfulness for individuals with COPD. METHODS: A qualitative study design informed by and analyzed using deductive thematic analysis. Twenty HCPs, with at least one year's clinical experience in COPD management and 19 individuals with moderate to severe COPD participated in semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: Analysis revealed seven themes. 1. Mindfulness is difficult to articulate and separate from relaxation...
August 20, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557146/yoga-for-asthma
#10
Zu-Yao Yang, Hui-Bin Zhong, Chen Mao, Jin-Qiu Yuan, Ya-Fang Huang, Xin-Yin Wu, Yuan-Mei Gao, Jin-Ling Tang
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disorder affecting about 300 million people worldwide. As a holistic therapy, yoga has the potential to relieve both the physical and psychological suffering of people with asthma, and its popularity has expanded globally. A number of clinical trials have been carried out to evaluate the effects of yoga practice, with inconsistent results. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of yoga in people with asthma. METHODS: HASH(0x5455bd8) SEARCH METHODS: We systematically searched the Cochrane Airways Group Register of Trials, which is derived from systematic searches of bibliographic databases including the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, and PsycINFO, and handsearching of respiratory journals and meeting abstracts...
July 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554837/-just-this-breath%C3%A2-how-mindfulness-meditation-can-shift-everything-including-neural-connectivity
#11
Erica M S Sibinga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545747/yoga-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-the-management-of-dyspnea-in-coal-miners-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Rajashree Ranjita, Alex Hankey, H R Nagendra, Soubhagylaxmi Mohanty
BACKGROUND: Coal mine dust exposure causes chronic airflow limitation in coal miners resulting in dyspnea, fatigue, and eventually chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Yoga can alleviate dyspnea in COPD by improving ventilatory mechanics, reducing central neural drive, and partially restoring neuromechanical coupling of the respiratory system. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of Integrated Approach of Yoga Therapy (IAYT) in the management of dyspnea and fatigue in coal miners with COPD...
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543065/qigong-tai-chi-easy-for-fatigue-in-breast-cancer-survivors-rationale-and-design-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Linda Larkey, Jennifer Huberty, Maja Pedersen, Karen Weihs
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer survivors (BCSs) often report fatigue that persists for years following treatment. Despite a growing body of evidence for meditative movement practices to improve symptoms among BCSs, few studies have explored using Qigong/Tai Chi to reduce fatigue. Additionally, few have examined the biological mechanisms through which fatigue may be reduced using Qigong/Tai Chi. METHODS/STUDY DESIGN: We will recruit 250 fatigued, post-menopausal women diagnosed with breast cancer (stage 0-III), between 6months and 5years past primary treatment and randomize to a standardized Qigong/Tai Chi Easy (QG/TCE) intervention, a "sham" Qigong group (movements without a focus on the breath and meditative state) (SQG), or an educational support (ES) group...
September 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526272/intervention-protocol-for-investigating-yoga-implemented-during-chemotherapy
#14
Stephanie J Sohl, Gurjeet S Birdee, Sheila H Ridner, Amy Wheeler, Sandra Gilbert, Danielle Tarantola, Jordan Berlin, Russell L Rothman
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue and other treatment-related symptoms are critical therapeutic targets for improving quality of life in patients with colorectal cancer during chemotherapy. Yoga is a promising intervention for improving these therapeutic targets and has been primarily investigated in the group-class format, which is less feasible for cancer patients with high symptom burden to attend. Thus, we developed a protocol for implementing yoga individually in the clinic among patients receiving chemotherapy...
August 15, 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512319/elements-of-yogic-practice-perceptions-of-students-in-healthcare-programs
#15
Christiane Brems, Dharmakaya Colgan, Heather Freeman, Jillian Freitas, Lauren Justice, Margaret Shean, Kari Sulenes
BACKGROUND: The practice of yoga has a long history as an integrated lifestyle science. Those who have practiced yoga in its full form (including all eight traditional aspects) find that it touches almost every aspect of their inter- and intra-personal lives. Despite this rich history, the West has adopted limited aspects of yoga practice. When understood narrowly as a physical fitness practice, healthful benefits of yoga may be lost, possibly promoting body-consciousness and injury instead...
July 2016: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463404/yoga-as-coping-a-conceptual-framework-for-meaningful-participation-in-yoga
#16
Brandi M Crowe, Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Arlene A Schmid
Yoga facilitates relaxation and connection of mind, body, and spirit through the use of breathing, meditation, and physical postures. Participation in yoga has been extensively linked to decreased stress, and as a result, is considered a therapeutic intervention by many. However, few theories exist that explain the link between yoga participation and improved psychosocial wellbeing. The leisure-stress coping conceptual framework suggests that through participation in leisure, an individual can decrease stress while concurrently restoring and building up sustainable mental and physical capacities...
July 27, 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426024/yoga-training-has-positive-effects-on-postural-balance-and-its-influence-on-activities-of-daily-living-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#17
Gerson de Oliveira, Maria da Consolação Cunha Gomes Fernandes Tavares, Jane Domingues de Faria Oliveira, Marcos Rojo Rodrigues, Danilo Forghieri Santaella
CONTEXT: There is a little evidence about the influence of yoga as a complementary therapy for postural balance and its influence on activities of daily living in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of a six-month yoga program on postural balance and subjective impact of postural balance impairment on activities of daily living in people with MS. DESIGN: Randomized controlled pilot study. SETTING: Protocol developed at the Adaptive Physical Activity Study Department, College of Physical Education, State University of Campinas, Brazil...
September 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217842/trauma-therapists-clinical-applications-training-and-personal-practice-of-mindfulness-and-meditation
#18
Lynn C Waelde, Jason M Thompson, Alicia Robinson, Sierra Iwanicki
Mindfulness and meditation (MM) are increasingly used in trauma treatment, yet there is little research about therapist qualifications and clinical applications of these practices. We surveyed trauma therapists (N = 116) about their clinical uses, training, and personal practice of MM. Most respondents reported use of MM in trauma therapy, primarily MM-related imagery and breathing exercises and mindfulness in session or daily life. Almost a third used mindfulness-based stress reduction, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, or mindfulness-based relapse prevention...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27212813/model-of-yoga-intervention-in-industrial-organizational-psychology-for-counterproductive-work-behavior
#19
REVIEW
Umesh C Dwivedi, Sony Kumari, H R Nagendra
Counterproductive work behavior (CWB) has long been recognized as a broad spectrum of job behaviors and its link with negative affectivity and hostile behaviors. It is a major concern practically for all organizations. Repeated exposure to workplace stressor can result in a strain, an outcome of the job stress process that can be psychological, physical, or behavioral in nature, leading to CWBs. Yoga is a technique that brings an improvement on mental and physical level by means of posture, breathing control methods, and silencing the mind through meditation...
July 2015: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152528/yoga-in-pregnancy
#20
Shilpa Babbar, Jaye Shyken
Yoga is a mind-body practice that encompasses a system of postures (asana), deep breathing (pranayama), and meditation. Over 36 million Americans practice yoga of which the majority are reproductive-aged women. Literature to support this practice is limited, albeit on the rise. A prenatal yoga practice has been shown to benefit women who suffer from anxiety, depression, stress, low back pain, and sleep disturbances. A small number of studies have been performed in high-risk pregnancies that also demonstrate an improvement in outcomes...
September 2016: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
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