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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738198/stability-of-cognitive-development-during-the-first-five-years-of-life-in-relation-to-heavy-metal-concentrations-in-umbilical-cord-blood-mothers-and-children-s-environmental-health-moceh-birth-cohort-study
#1
Hyungmin Lee, Hyewon Park, Eunhee Ha, Yun-Chul Hong, Mina Ha, Hyesook Park, Bung-Nyun Kim, Soo-Jeong Lee, Kyung Yeon Lee, Ja Hyeong Kim, Kyoung Sook Jeong, Yangho Kim
The objective of this study was to investigate stability of cognitive development during the first five years of life in relation to heavy metal concentrations in umbilical cord blood in Korean children. This research is part of the Mothers' and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) study, a multi-center prospective birth cohort study of pregnant women in Korea who were recruited from 2006 to 2010. We analyzed the complete follow-up data of children who were 5years-old in 2016. We measured lead, mercury, and cadmium levels in the umbilical cord blood of 251 children, and analyzed them, for whom neurodevelopmental data were available...
July 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738137/public-health-and-economic-consequences-of-vaccine-hesitancy-for-measles-in-the-united-states
#2
Nathan C Lo, Peter J Hotez
Importance: Routine childhood vaccination is declining in some regions of the United States due to vaccine hesitancy, which risks the resurgence of many infectious diseases with public health and economic consequences. There are ongoing policy debates on the state and national level, including legislation around nonmedical (personal-belief) exemptions for childhood vaccination and possibly a special government commission on vaccine safety, which may affect vaccine coverage. Objective: To estimate the number of measles cases in US children and the associated economic costs under scenarios of different levels of vaccine hesitancy, using the case example of measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccination and measles...
July 24, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737140/bone-mineral-density-of-indian-children-and-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis
#3
Sumita Gupta, Aparna Mukherjee, Rajesh Khadgawat, Madhulika Kabra, Rakesh Lodha, Sushil K Kabra
OBJECTIVE: To document bone mineral density of children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary-care center of Northern India, July 2012 to August 2015. PARTICIPANTS: 52 children aged 6-18 years with cystic fibrosis and 62 healthy controls of similar age and sex. METHODS: Both patients and controls were stratified into two groups, as pre-pubertal and peri-/post-pubertal, and compared for whole body bone mineral density, measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry...
July 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735447/cost-benefit-analysis-of-two-child-abuse-and-neglect-primary-prevention-programs-for-us-states
#4
Cora Peterson, Curtis Florence, Robert Thomas, Joanne Klevens
We assessed the US state-level budget and societal impact of implementing two child abuse and neglect (CAN) primary prevention programs. CAN cost estimates and data from two prevention programs (Child-Parent Centers and Nurse-Family Partnership) were combined with current population, cost, and CAN incidence data by US state. A cost-benefit mathematical model for each program by US state compared program costs with the future monetary value of benefits from reduced CAN. The models used a lifetime time horizon from government payer and societal perspectives...
July 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733696/vaccination-against-influenza-at-a-european-pediatric-cancer-center-immunization-rates-and-attitudes-among-staff-patients-and-their-families
#5
Aleksandra Pettke, Sophie Jocham, Andreas Wiener, Andreas Löcken, Judith Groenefeld, Martina Ahlmann, Andreas H Groll
BACKGROUND: Influenza is an important cause of infectious morbidity in pediatric cancer patients. We conducted a single-center survey to explore adherence and attitudes towards the recommended annual influenza vaccination. METHODS: Self-administered, standardized questionnaires were distributed to 143 staff members and 264 families. Items analyzed included demographic data, knowledge about influenza, history of prior influenza infections and vaccinations, routes of information and education, and attitudes towards the recommended influenza...
July 21, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733128/dance-for-health-an-intergenerational-program-to-increase-access-to-physical-activity
#6
Krista Schroeder, Sarah J Ratcliffe, Adriana Perez, David Earley, Cory Bowman, Terri H Lipman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Dance for Health, an intergenerational program to increase access to physical activity in an underserved, high risk urban community. DESIGN AND METHODS: Dance for Health was developed using community-based participatory research methods and evaluated using an observational study design. The program entailed two hour line dancing sessions delivered by trained dance instructors in the neighborhood recreation center...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732397/combined-sewer-overflow-events-and-childhood-emergency-department-visits-a-case-crossover-study
#7
Cole Brokamp, Andrew F Beck, Louis Muglia, Patrick Ryan
In localities with combined sewer systems, combined sewer overflow (CSO) events frequently occur following high precipitation and can result in the release of untreated sewage and industrial wastewater into surface waters. We hypothesized that either direct contact with or proximity to aerosolized CSO effluent would increase the risk for childhood emergency department (ED) visits for asthma, gastrointestinal (GI) illnesses, and skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) in Cincinnati, OH, USA. ED visits for 2010-2014 due to GI diseases, asthma, and SSTIs were extracted from the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center electronic health records...
July 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731204/urban-rural-differences-in-tubal-ligation-incidence-in-the-state-of-georgia-usa
#8
Curtis D Travers, Jessica B Spencer, Carrie A Cwiak, Ann C Mertens, Penelope P Howards
PURPOSE: To evaluate the difference in tubal ligation use between rural and urban counties in the state of Georgia, USA. METHODS: The study population included 2,160 women aged 22-45. All participants completed a detailed interview on their reproductive histories. County of residence was categorized using the National Center for Health Statistics Urban-Rural Classification Scheme. We estimated the association between urbanization of county of residence and tubal ligation using Cox regression...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730679/weighing-in-on-international-growth-standards-testing-the-case-in-australian-preschool-children
#9
REVIEW
C L Pattinson, S L Staton, S S Smith, S G Trost, E F Sawyer, K J Thorpe
Overweight and obesity in preschool-aged children are major health concerns. Accurate and reliable estimates of prevalence are necessary to direct public health and clinical interventions. There are currently three international growth standards used to determine prevalence of overweight and obesity, each using different methodologies: Center for Disease Control (CDC), World Health Organization (WHO) and International Obesity Task Force (IOTF). Adoption and use of each method were examined through a systematic review of Australian population studies (2006-2017)...
July 21, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729059/ultrasonographic-assessment-of-femoral-cartilage-thickness-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Emre Adigüzel, Fatih Tok, Emre Ata, Evren Yaşar, Bilge Yilmaz
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the most disabling syndromes of children. To our knowledge, there has not yet been any reported evaluation of the effect of CP on distal femoral cartilage by ultrasonography. The value of understanding this effect on cartilage is that sonographic evaluation of cartilage thickness may help physician to predict the joint health of these children. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether femoral cartilage thickness in patients with CP is different from that of healthy control subjects...
July 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729012/evidence-that-children-born-at-early-term-37-38-6-7-weeks-are-at-increased-risk-for-diabetes-and-obesity-related-disorders
#11
Dorit Paz Levy, Eyal Sheiner, Tamar Wainstock, Ruslan Sergienko, Daniella Landau, Asnat Walfisch
BACKGROUND: Prematurity is known to be associated with high rates of endocrine and metabolic complications in the offspring. Early term (37 0/7-38 6/7 weeks' gestation) born offspring were also shown to exhibit long term morbidity resembling that of late preterm, in several health categories. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether early term delivery impacts on the long-term endocrine and metabolic health of the offspring. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cohort analysis was performed, including all term singleton deliveries occurring during 1991-2013 at a single regional tertiary medical center...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728768/maintaining-integrity-how-nurses-navigate-boundaries-in-pediatric-palliative-care
#12
Alyssa Erikson, Betty Davies
PURPOSE: To explore how nurses manage personal and professional boundaries in caring for seriously ill children and their families. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a constructivist grounded theory approach, a convenience sample of 18 registered nurses from four practice sites was interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. RESULTS: Nurses across the sites engaged in a process of maintaining integrity whereby they integrated two competing, yet essential, aspects of their nursing role - behaving professionally and connecting personally...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728762/technology-to-support-motivational-interviewing
#13
Bonnie Gance-Cleveland, Loretta C Ford, Heather Aldrich, Keri Bolton Oetzel, Paul Cook, Sarah Schmiege, Mary Wold
PURPOSE: This paper reports the findings of motivational interviewing (MI) training with and without technology support on school-based health center (SBHC) providers' satisfaction with MI training, providers' self-report of behavioral counseling related to childhood overweight/obesity, and parents' perception of care after training. DESIGN AND METHODS: The effects of training and technology on MI is part of a larger comparative effectiveness, cluster randomized trial...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727519/obesity-and-overweight-in-american-indian-and-alaska-native-children-2006-2015
#14
Ann Bullock, Karen Sheff, Kelly Moore, Spero Manson
OBJECTIVES: To estimate obesity and overweight prevalence in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) children across genders, ages, and geographic regions in the Indian Health Service active clinical population. METHODS: We obtained data from the Indian Health Service National Data Warehouse. At least 184 000 AI/AN children aged 2 to 19 years had body mass index data for each year studied, 2006 to 2015. We calculated body mass index percentiles with the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726272/does-maternity-care-coordination-influence-perinatal-health-care-utilization-evidence-from-north-carolina
#15
Marianne M Hillemeier, Marisa E Domino, Rebecca Wells, Ravi K Goyal, Hye-Chung Kum, Dorothy Cilenti, Anirban Basu
OBJECTIVE: To examine effects of maternity care coordination (MCC) on perinatal health care utilization among low-income women. DATA SOURCES: North Carolina Center for Health Statistics Baby Love files that include birth certificates, maternity care coordination records, WIC records, and Medicaid claims. STUDY DESIGN: Causal effects of MCC participation on health care outcomes were estimated in a sample of 7,124 singleton Medicaid-covered births using multiple linear regressions with inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW)...
July 20, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725209/a-national-early-intervention-system-as-a-strategy-to-promote-inclusion-and-academic-achievement-in-portugal
#16
Vitor Franco, Madalena Melo, Graça Santos, Ana Apolónio, Leonor Amaral
Early intervention with children at risk or facing developmental problems is a practice defined by three fundamental characteristics: being family-centered, being based on the community and on the child's life context, and being conducted by a team with transdisciplinary practice. In this paper we wish to present how the SNIPI-National System of Early Intervention, implemented in Portugal over the past 15 years, contributes to promote maximum development and the full inclusion of children up to 6 years of age and works to prevent school failure...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725205/school-functioning-of-a-particularly-vulnerable-group-children-and-young-people-in-residential-child-care
#17
Carla González-García, Susana Lázaro-Visa, Iriana Santos, Jorge F Del Valle, Amaia Bravo
A large proportion of the children and young people in residential child care in Spain are there as a consequence of abuse and neglect in their birth families. Research has shown that these types of adverse circumstances in childhood are risk factors for emotional and behavioral problems, as well as difficulties in adapting to different contexts. School achievement is related to this and represents one of the most affected areas. Children in residential child care exhibit extremely poor performance and difficulties in school functioning which affects their transition to adulthood and into the labor market...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724450/variation-in-species-composition-and-infection-rates-of-anopheles-mosquitoes-at-different-altitudinal-transects-and-the-risk-of-malaria-in-the-highland-of-dirashe-woreda-south-ethiopia
#18
Taye Yohannes Daygena, Fekadu Massebo, Bernt Lindtjørn
BACKGROUND: The transmission of malaria is heterogeneous, and varies due to altitude. The information on whether the transmission of malaria is indigenous or imported to highland areas is scarce. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the species composition and infection rates of Anopheles at different altitudinal transects, and the risk of malaria if any in the highland of Dirashe Woreda, South Ethiopia. METHODS: This study was conducted in Gato (low altitude; average elevation of 1273 m), Onota (mid-altitude; average elevation of 1707 m) and Layignaw-Arguba (high altitude; average elevation of 2337 m) from August 2015 to April 2016...
July 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722585/school-children-s-intestinal-parasite-and-nutritional-status-1-year-after-complementary-school-garden-nutrition-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-interventions-in-burkina-faso
#19
Séverine Erismann, Serge Diagbouga, Christian Schindler, Peter Odermatt, Astrid M Knoblauch, Jana Gerold, Andrea Leuenberger, Akina Shrestha, Grissoum Tarnagda, Jürg Utzinger, Guéladio Cissé
The potential health benefits of combined agricultural, nutrition, water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions are poorly understood. We aimed to determine whether complementary school garden, nutrition, and WASH interventions reduce intestinal parasites and improve school children's nutritional status in two regions of Burkina Faso. A cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted in the Plateau Central and Center-Ouest regions of Burkina Faso. A total of 360 randomly selected children, aged 8-15 years, had complete baseline and end-line survey data...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721064/lived-experiences-of-iranian-parents-of-beta-thalassemia-children
#20
Aziz Shahraki-Vahed, Mohammadreza Firouzkouhi, Abdolghani Abdollahimohammad, Jamile Ghalgaie
INTRODUCTION: Thalassemia is a chronic blood disease, which imposes adverse effects on patients and their families. Parents of such patients, given that they had the thalassemia trait, hold themselves responsible for their children's disease in addition to other difficulties, bear the burden of guilt and hopelessness and worry about the health and future of their children. This study aimed to explore the lived experiences of parents of children with thalassemia. METHODS: The present research was conducted using a descriptive phenomenological approach...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
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