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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221282/characteristics-and-triage-of-children-presenting-in-mental-health-crisis-to-emergency-departments-at-detroit-regional-hospitals
#1
Kristen Williams, Amanda R Levine, David M Ledgerwood, Alireza Amirsadri, Leslie H Lundahl
OBJECTIVES: The number of children in the United States utilizing emergency department (ED) services for psychiatric crises is increasing, and psychiatric-related ED visits disproportionately burden hospital resources. Yet, there is limited available information on the epidemiology and outcomes of pediatric mental health emergencies. The present study sought to characterize pediatric mental health-related ED presentations in a large urban center and identify factors predictive of inpatient hospitalization...
February 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220723/ethical-issues-surrounding-the-use-of-modern-human-remains-for-research-in-south-africa
#2
N Briers, J J Dempers
Chapter 8 of the South African National Health Act 61 of 2003 (NHA) that deals with the donation of human tissue was promulgated in 2012. The new Act is perceived to impose restrictions on low-risk research involving human remains. This study aimed to identify the issues raised by a research ethics committee (REC) when reviewing protocols where human remains are used as data source. REC minutes from 2009 to 2014 were reviewed, and issues raised by the committee were categorized. In total, 127 protocols submitted to the committee over 6 years involved human remains...
February 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220684/living-donor-liver-transplantation-during-the-first-three-months-of-life
#3
Mureo Kasahara, Seisuke Sakamoto, Kengo Sasaki, Hajime Uchida, Toshihiro Kitajima, Takanobu Shigeta, Soichi Narumoto, Yoshihiro Hirata, Akinari Fukuda
BACKGROUND: Living donor liver transplantation is now an established technique for treating children with end-stage liver disease. Few data exist about liver transplantation for exclusively young infants, especially infants of <3 months of age. We report our single-center experience with 12 cases in which living donor liver transplantation (LT) was performed during the first 3 months of life and compare the results with those of older infants who underwent LT. All of the patients were treated at the National Center of Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan...
February 21, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215375/challenges-and-lessons-learned-from-a-prevention-research-center-partnership
#4
EDITORIAL
Lesley Cottrell, Karen Northrup, Richard Wittberg
For more than a decade, the West Virginia Prevention Research Center, Mid-Ohio Valley Health Department, and the Wood County Schools have built and sustained a partnership to reduce health disparities and promote population health. Specifically, this partnership has contributed significantly to the peer-reviewed literature on children's physical activity, fitness, and academic achievement, as well as identifying possible areas for physical activity interventions (within the school and community settings) that would improve health and academic outcomes...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215120/strategies-and-actions-of-multi-purpose-health-communication-on-vaccine-preventable-infectious-diseases-in-order-to-increase-vaccination-coverage-in-the-population-the-esculapio-project
#5
Angela Bechini, Paolo Bonanni, Sara Lauri, Emilia Tiscione, Miriam Levi, Rosa Prato, Francesca Fortunato, Domenico Martinelli, Roberto Gasparini, Donatella Panatto, Daniela Amicizia, Rosa Cristina Coppola, Barbara Pellizzari, Garden Tabacchi, Claudio Costantino, Francesco Vitale, Stefania Iannazzo, Sara Boccalini
The ESCULAPIO Project aims at increasing awareness on vaccine preventable infectious diseases (VPID) and vaccinations in different target populations and to spread the culture of prevention. Information/training interventions on VPID have been developed and health promotion activities for the general population, students and their parents, teachers and health care workers (HCWs) were set up. In Tuscany, educational courses on VPID in high schools were organized and students were stimulated to prepare informative materials on VPID for lower grade school pupils...
February 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213910/the-virtual-dental-home-a-critique
#6
Jay W Friedman, David A Nash, Kavita R Mathu-Muju
The Virtual Dental Home is a concept of the Pacific Center for Special Care of the Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry in San Francisco. It is designed to improve access to dental care for underserved populations, specifically children and institutionalized adults. This article describes the development and implementation of the Virtual Dental Home, subsequently critiquing the concept. The criteria for a dental home are not met by the program. It is the equivalent of a traditional public oral health prevention and screening program, with the additional dimension of allowing dental hygienists and assistants to place interim glass ionomer restorations in dental cavities...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213342/virtual-visits-for-acute-nonurgent-care-a-claims-analysis-of-episode-level-utilization
#7
Aliza S Gordon, Wallace C Adamson, Andrea R DeVries
BACKGROUND: Expansion of virtual health care-real-time video consultation with a physician via the Internet-will continue as use of mobile devices and patient demand for immediate, convenient access to care grow. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to analyze the care provided and the cost of virtual visits over a 3-week episode compared with in-person visits to retail health clinics (RHC), urgent care centers (UCC), emergency departments (ED), or primary care physicians (PCP) for acute, nonurgent conditions...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212335/fructose-in-breast-milk-is-positively-associated-with-infant-body-composition-at-6-months-of-age
#8
Michael I Goran, Ashley A Martin, Tanya L Alderete, Hideji Fujiwara, David A Fields
Dietary sugars have been shown to promote excess adiposity among children and adults; however, no study has examined fructose in human milk and its effects on body composition during infancy. Twenty-five mother-infant dyads attended clinical visits to the Oklahoma Health Sciences Center at 1 and 6 months of infant age. Infants were exclusively breastfed for 6 months and sugars in breast milk (i.e., fructose, glucose, lactose) were measured by Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and glucose oxidase...
February 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208939/the-effects-of-spiritual-self-care-training-on-caregiving-strain-in-mothers-of-mentally-retarded-children
#9
Mitra Dindar, Mozhgan Rahnama, Mehdi Afshari, Mahdieh Poodineh Moghadam
INTRODUCTION: Care for a mentally retarded child induces a lot of problems for the mother and leads her to care giving strain and ignorning her self-care. Spiritual health will co-ordinate all aspects of human life and is necessary for coping with diseases in mother of mentally retarded children. AIM: To evaluate the effects of spiritual self-care training on care giving strain in mothers of mentally retarded children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study, is a before and after type quasi-experimental research based on which 60 mothers of mentally retarded children who were hospitalized in Elahi Rehabilitation Center in Quchan City, were selected using convenience sampling and were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207570/international-survey-of-critically-ill-children-with-acute-neurologic-insults-the-prevalence-of-acute-critical-neurological-disease-in-children-a-global-epidemiological-assessment-study
#10
Ericka L Fink, Patrick M Kochanek, Robert C Tasker, John Beca, Michael J Bell, Robert S B Clark, Jamie Hutchison, Monica S Vavilala, Anthony Fabio, Derek C Angus, R Scott Watson
OBJECTIVE: The international scope of critical neurologic insults in children is unknown. Our objective was to assess the prevalence and outcomes of children admitted to PICUs with acute neurologic insults. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Multicenter (n = 107 PICUs) and multinational (23 countries, 79% in North America and Europe). PATIENTS: Children 7 days to 17 years old admitted to the ICU with new traumatic brain injury, stroke, cardiac arrest, CNS infection or inflammation, status epilepticus, spinal cord injury, hydrocephalus, or brain mass...
February 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201932/turkish-adult-children-as-caregivers-of-parents-with-alzheimer-s-disease-perceptions-and-caregiving-experiences
#11
Yagmur Ar, A Nuray Karanci
There is substantial evidence suggesting that Western and non-Western caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease have different caregiving experiences depending on the cultural values they adopt. Although family-centered constructs such as familism and filial piety have taken some attention, there is still a paucity of research on how cultural values and norms shape caregiving appraisals, coping strategies, and formal service use specifically in Eastern-oriented contexts. The aim of this study was to investigate Turkish adult children caregivers' perceptions of Alzheimer's disease and caregiving experience...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198955/-un-receptiveness-in-interactions-with-professionals-experiences-of-parents-of-children-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#12
Beatriz Castanheira Facio, Bruna de Souza Lima Marski, Ieda Harumi Higarashi, Maira Deguer Misko, Aline Oliveira Silveira, Monika Wernet
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the influence of health professionals' receptiveness on parental care of children with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHOD: A qualitative study developed under the theoretical framework of Symbolic Interactionism and using a narrative research methodology. Six women and three men, being parents of children with retinopathy of prematurity were individually interviewed in depth. RESULTS: From the scope of information, emotions and their rights, the parents experienced receptiveness from some professionals and unreceptiveness from others...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196546/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-and-depression-related-healthcare-access-in-mothers-of-9-month-old-infants-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#13
S M Cruise, R Layte, M Stevenson, D O'Reilly
AIMS: Untreated maternal depression during the postpartum period can have a profound impact on the short- and long-term psychological and physical well-being of children. There is, therefore, an imperative for increased understanding of the determinants of depression and depression-related healthcare access during this period. METHODS: Respondents were 11 089 mothers of 9-month-old infants recruited to the Growing Up in Ireland study. Of this sample, 10 827 had complete data on all relevant variables...
February 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196518/a-comparison-of-how-behavioral-health-organizations-utilize-training-to-prepare-for-health-care-reform
#14
Victoria Stanhope, Mimi Choy-Brown, Stacey Barrenger, Jennifer Manuel, Micaela Mercado, Mary McKay, Steven C Marcus
BACKGROUND: Under the Affordable Care Act, States have obtained Medicaid waivers to overhaul their behavioral health service systems to improve quality and reduce costs. Critical to implementation of broad service delivery reforms has been the preparation of organizations responsible for service delivery. This study focused on one large-scale initiative to overhaul its service system with the goal of improving service quality and reducing costs. The study examined the participation of behavioral health organizations in technical assistance efforts and the extent to which organizational factors related to their participation...
February 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196383/health-related-quality-of-life-of-children-adolescents-with-vertigo-retrospective-study-from-the-german-center-of-vertigo-and-balance-disorders
#15
Anna Deissler, Lucia Albers, Rüdiger von Kries, Raphael Weinberger, Thyra Langhagen, Lucia Gerstl, Florian Heinen, Klaus Jahn, A Sebastian Schröder
Purpose To assess the impact of vertigo on health-related quality of life (HrQoL) of children/adolescents and to assess if the impact on HrQoL varies by age group, gender, and type of vertigo diagnoses. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical and HrQoL data of children and adolescents referred to the German Center of Vertigo and Balance Disorders (n = 32; male = 17; female = 15; age range: 8-18 years), using the KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire. For each scale, means of the Z-scores with 95% confidence intervals of the study and norm sample were compared...
February 14, 2017: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194214/single-center-experience-of-the-korean-developmental-screening-test-for-infants-and-children
#16
Chae-Ri Suh, Su Ye Sohn, Gun-Ha Kim, Seong-Kwan Jung, Baik-Lin Eun
PURPOSE: We investigated the number of test takers of the Korean-Developmental Screening Test (K-DST) in a single children's hospital within a year, according to age, referral rate, and follow-up percentage. METHODS: For this study, 4,062 children who visited and received K-DST at Woorisoa Children's Hospital between January and December 2015 were enrolled. Seven test sets were used according to the Korean National Health Screening Program for infants and children in the following age groups: 4 to 6, 9 to 12, 18 to 24, 30 to 36, 42 to 48, 54 to 60, and 66 to 71 months...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190626/interrupting-pathways-to-sepsis-effectiveness-of-an-intervention-to-reduce-delays-in-timely-care-for-sick-children-in-rural-bangladesh
#17
Frances E Aboud, Ehsanur Rahman, Rosemin Kassam, Jasmin Khan, Nabeel Ashraf Ali, Fahmida Taleb
RATIONALE: The time it takes for a child with suspected sepsis to receive care is critical. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated care-seeking practices for sick children under 5 years in rural Bangladesh, following interpersonal communication to inform households of newly introduced supports for quality care. Based on the Delays Framework, we assessed length and source of care-seeking delays, use of formal providers, and autonomous decision-making among mothers. METHOD: Using two cross-sectional rounds before and after the 3-year intervention (August 2012 and August 2015), we surveyed 400 mothers of recently sick children in 26 randomly sampled villages from 2 intervention and 2 control subdistricts, using structured questions about delays...
February 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185977/the-central-role-of-relationships-to-trauma-informed-integrated-care-for-children-and-youth
#18
Jonathan D Brown, Melissa A King, Lawrence S Wissow
OBJECTIVE: Primary care plays an essential role in the primary and secondary prevention of children's mental health problems. A growing series of trials have demonstrated the capacity of primary care providers to deliver care that specifically addresses risks to healthy social and emotional development by incorporating mental health services into their routines and integrating their work with the mental health care system. This paper describes elements common to various integration schemes that seem essential to their success...
February 6, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185601/identifying-community-healthcare-supports-for-the-elderly-and-the-factors-affecting-their-aging-care-model-preference-evidence-from-three-districts-of-beijing
#19
Tianyang Liu, Xiaoning Hao, Zhenzhong Zhang
BACKGROUND: The Chinese tradition of filial piety, which prioritized family-based care for the elderly, is transitioning and elders can no longer necessarily rely on their children. The purpose of this study was to identify community support for the elderly, and analyze the factors that affect which model of old-age care elderly people dwelling in communities prefer. METHODS: We used the database "Health and Social Support of Elderly Population in Community". Questionnaires were issued in 2013, covering 3 districts in Beijing...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183693/prophylaxis-usage-bleeding-rates-and-joint-outcomes-of-hemophilia-1999-2010-a-surveillance-project
#20
Marilyn J Manco-Johnson, J Michael Soucie, Joan C Gill
This analysis of the United States Hemophilia Treatment Center Network and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention surveillance registry assessed trends in prophylaxis use and its impact on key indicators of arthropathy across the life span among participants with severe hemophilia A. Data on demographics, clinical characteristics and outcomes were collected prospectively between 1999 and 2010 at annual clinical visits to 134 hemophilia treatment centers. Trends in treatment and outcomes were evaluated using cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses...
February 9, 2017: Blood
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