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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881930/psychological-consequences-of-childhood-obesity-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-prevention
#1
REVIEW
Jean Rankin, Lynsay Matthews, Stephen Cobley, Ahreum Han, Ross Sanders, Huw D Wiltshire, Julien S Baker
Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century with far-reaching and enduring adverse consequences for health outcomes. Over 42 million children <5 years worldwide are estimated to be overweight (OW) or obese (OB), and if current trends continue, then an estimated 70 million children will be OW or OB by 2025. The purpose of this review was to focus on psychiatric, psychological, and psychosocial consequences of childhood obesity (OBy) to include a broad range of international studies...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870862/problematic-peer-functioning-in-girls-with-adhd-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
Francien M Kok, Yvonne Groen, Anselm B M Fuermaier, Oliver Tucha
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience many peer interaction problems and are at risk of peer rejection and victimisation. Although many studies have investigated problematic peer functioning in children with ADHD, this research has predominantly focused on boys and studies investigating girls are scant. Those studies that did examine girls, often used a male comparison sample, disregarding the inherent gender differences between girls and boys...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803356/bullying-mediates-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-childhood-and-psychotic-experiences-in-early-adolescence
#3
Timo Hennig, Edo S Jaya, Tania M Lincoln
Although a childhood diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is known to be linked to psychotic experiences and psychotic disorders in later life, the developmental trajectories that could explain this association are unknown. Using a sample from the prospective population-based Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) (N = 8247), we hypothesized that the previously reported association of ADHD combined subtype in childhood and psychotic experiences in early adolescence is mediated by traumatic events and by involvement in bullying...
November 1, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585496/development-of-social-anxiety-disorder-secondary-to-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-the-developmental-hypothesis
#4
Ahmet Koyuncu, Tunç Alkın, Raşit Tükel
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) may develop secondary to childhood attention deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD) in a subgroup of the patients with SAD. Patients pass through a number of identifiable stages of developmental pathways to SAD as they grow up. Patients with ADHD have maladaptive behaviours in social settings due to the symptoms of ADHD. These behaviours are criticized by their parents and social circle; they receive insults, humiliation and bullying. After each aversive incident, the individual feels shame and guilt...
September 1, 2016: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375503/comorbidities-social-impact-and-quality-of-life-in-tourette-syndrome
#5
Valsamma Eapen, Andrea E Cavanna, Mary M Robertson
Tourette syndrome (TS) is more than having motor and vocal tics, and this review will examine the varied comorbidities as well as the social impact and quality of life (QoL) in individuals with TS. The relationship between any individual and his/her environment is complex, and this is further exaggerated in the case of a person with TS. For example, tics may play a significant role in shaping the person's experiences, perceptions, and interactions with the environment. Furthermore, associated clinical features, comorbidities, and coexisting psychopathologies may compound or alter this relationship...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254092/identifying-trajectories-of-borderline-personality-features-in-adolescence-antecedent-and-interactive-risk-factors
#6
John D Haltigan, Tracy Vaillancourt
OBJECTIVE: To examine trajectories of adolescent borderline personality (BP) features in a normative-risk cohort (n = 566) of Canadian children assessed at ages 13, 14, 15, and 16 and childhood predictors of trajectory group membership assessed at ages 8, 10, 11, and 12. METHOD: Data were drawn from the McMaster Teen Study, an on-going study examining relations among bullying, mental health, and academic achievement. Participants and their parents completed a battery of mental health and peer relations questionnaires at each wave of the study...
March 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27246607/psychiatric-disorders-among-adolescents-from-lebanon-prevalence-correlates-and-treatment-gap
#7
Fadi T Maalouf, Lilian A Ghandour, Fadi Halabi, Pia Zeinoun, Al Amira Safa Shehab, Lucy Tavitian
PURPOSE: Adolescence is a critical age for the development of psychiatric disorders. Although Lebanon, a low-to-middle income country, has suffered from decades of war and political instability, the burden of psychiatric disorders among adolescents in Lebanon remains unclear. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among adolescents in the Lebanese capital, Beirut, and to study the correlates and treatment seeking behavior associated with these disorders. METHODS: Through a multistage cluster sampling design, 510 adolescents, aged 11-17 years were recruited from a household sample in Beirut in 2012...
August 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27203825/associations-between-problematic-gaming-and-psychiatric-symptoms-among-adolescents-in-two-samples
#8
Sofia Vadlin, Cecilia Åslund, Charlotta Hellström, Kent W Nilsson
The aim of the present study was to investigate associations between problematic gaming and psychiatric symptoms among adolescents. Data from adolescents in the SALVe cohort, including adolescents in Västmanland who were born in 1997 and 1999 (N=1868; 1034 girls), and data from consecutive adolescent psychiatric outpatients in Västmanland (N=242; 169 girls) were analyzed. Adolescents self-rated on the Gaming Addiction Identification Test (GAIT), Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale Adolescent version (ASRS-A), Depression Self-Rating Scale Adolescent version (DSRS-A), Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS), and psychotic-like experiences (PLEs)...
October 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27176739/two-year-prospective-study-of-characteristics-and-outcome-of-adolescents-referred-to-an-adolescent-urgent-psychiatric-clinic
#9
Nasreen Roberts, Linda Booij, Nicholas Axas, Leanne Repetti
OBJECTIVE: (a) To describe the clinical characteristics and outcome of adolescents referred for urgent psychiatric consultation, and (b) compare suicidal with non-suicidal referrals. METHODS: This was a 2-year prospective study. Data was gathered on demographic, historical and clinical variables. Comparison of suicidal and non-suicidal patients was conducted using χ2. A hospital database was used for referral and wait times. RESULTS: Of 805 assessments, 55% were referred by emergency physicians and 28% by primary care physicians...
May 13, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149305/impulsive-aggression-and-the-significance-of-bullying-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Alison Poulton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27037707/the-impact-of-adhd-on-the-health-and-well-being-of-adhd-children-and-their-siblings
#11
Tessa Peasgood, Anupam Bhardwaj, Katie Biggs, John E Brazier, David Coghill, Cindy L Cooper, David Daley, Cyril De Silva, Val Harpin, Paul Hodgkins, Amulya Nadkarni, Juliana Setyawan, Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
Childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with reduced health and well-being of patients and their families. The authors undertook a large UK survey-based observational study of the burden associated with childhood ADHD. The impact of ADHD on both the patient (N = 476) and their siblings (N = 337) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and happiness was quantified using multiple standard measures [e.g. child health utility-9D (CHU-9D), EuroQol-5D-Youth]. In the analysis, careful statistical adjustments were made to ensure a like-for-like comparison of ADHD families with two different control groups...
April 1, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26944330/anxiety-and-depression-among-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-the-roles-of-behavioral-temperamental-traits-comorbid-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-bullying-involvement
#12
Huei-Fan Hu, Wen-Jiun Chou, Cheng-Fang Yen
The aim of this study was to examine the associations of behavioral temperamental traits, comorbid autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and bullying involvement with anxiety and depression among adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Taiwan. A total of 287 adolescents aged 11-18 years diagnosed with ADHD participated in this study. Their severities of anxiety and depression were assessed. Multiple regression analysis was used to examine the correlates of anxiety and depression. The results show that adolescents with ADHD who reported a higher behavioral inhibition system (BIS) score, had comorbid ASD, and were bullying victims, reported more severe anxiety and depressive symptoms...
February 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26867785/suicidality-and-its-relationships-with-individual-family-peer-and-psychopathology-factors-among-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
Wen-Jiun Chou, Tai-Ling Liu, Huei-Fan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence rates of suicidal intent and its correlates among adolescents diagnosed with ADHD in Taiwan. A total of 287 adolescents aged 11-18 years and diagnosed with ADHD participated in this study. Their suicidal ideation and suicide attempts were assessed. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the associations of suicide with individual, family, peer, ADHD, and psychopathology factors. A total of 12.2% of the participants reported suicidal ideation or a suicide attempt...
June 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26122202/comorbidity-and-correlates-of-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-in-6-8-year-old-children-with-adhd
#14
Melissa Mulraney, Elizabeth J Schilpzand, Philip Hazell, Jan M Nicholson, Vicki Anderson, Daryl Efron, Timothy J Silk, Emma Sciberras
This study aimed to characterize the nature and impact of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) including its co-occurrence with other comorbidities and its independent influence on daily functioning. Children with ADHD (6-8 years) were recruited through 43 Melbourne schools, using a 2-stage screening (parent and teacher Conners 3 ADHD index) and case-confirmation (Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children, Version IV; [DISC-IV]) procedure...
March 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26088662/preschool-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-and-oppositional-defiant-problems-as-antecedents-of-school-bullying
#15
Marina Verlinden, Pauline W Jansen, René Veenstra, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Albert Hofman, Frank C Verhulst, Philip Shaw, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether early manifestations of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) increase children's later risk of bullying or victimization. METHOD: Using a population-based, prospective cohort, our multi-informant approach comprised reports of parents, teachers, and peers. ADHD and ODD behavioral problems at ages 1.5, 3, and 5 years were determined from parental reports on the Child Behavior Checklist...
July 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26053670/parenting-style-influences-bullying-a-longitudinal-study-comparing-children-with-and-without-behavioral-problems
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Khushmand Rajendran, Edyta Kruszewski, Jeffrey M Halperin
BACKGROUND: More optimal parenting has been linked with lower rates of bullying. However, it is not clear whether parenting can alter the trajectories of bullying among children diagnosed with ADHD or ODD as well as those who are not so diagnosed. This study examined whether parenting at age 4-5 years was associated with changes in bullying over the next 4 years among children with Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) with and without comorbid Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) relative to children without these disorders...
February 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26030206/maternal-ratings-of-bullying-and-victimization-differences-in-frequencies-between-psychiatric-diagnoses-in-a-large-sample-of-children
#17
Susan D Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Raman Baweja, Fauzia Mahr
Little is known about psychiatric diagnoses that place children at risk for bullying and victimization. Mothers of 1,707 children 6-18 yr. rated their child as a bully and a victim (not at all, to very often a problem) on the Pediatric Behavior Scale. Children with psychiatric diagnoses were evaluated in an outpatient psychiatry clinic (M age = 9.2 yr., 68.4% male). Control children were community children not on psychotropic medication and with no neurodevelopmental disorder (M age = 8.7 yr., 43.5% male). Children with autism, intellectual disability, and ADHD-Combined type had higher victim and bully maternal ratings than children in the ADHD-Inattentive, depression, anxiety, eating disorder, and control groups...
June 2015: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25897236/factors-associated-with-group-bullying-and-psychopathology-in-elementary-school-students-using-child-welfare-facilities
#18
Jun Won Kim, KounSeok Lee, Young Sik Lee, Doug Hyun Han, Kyung Joon Min, Sung Hwan Song, Ga Na Park, Ju Young Lee, Jae Ock Kim
PURPOSE: Low socioeconomic status is an important risk factor for child psychiatric problems. Low socioeconomic status is also associated with psychiatric problems later in life. We investigated the effects of group bullying on clinical characteristics and psychopathology in elementary school students using child-welfare facilities. METHODS: Three hundred and fifty-eight elementary school students using child-welfare facilities were recruited. The School Bullying Self Rating Questionnaire was used to assess group bullying...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25567653/childhood-neurodevelopmental-problems-and-adolescent-bully-victimization-population-based-prospective-twin-study-in-sweden
#19
Peggy Törn, Erik Pettersson, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Anckarsäter, Sebastian Lundström, Clara Hellner Gumpert, Henrik Larsson, Linnea Kollberg, Niklas Långström, Linda Halldner
Bully victimization is a common problem among children with neurodevelopmental disorders, including attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder. Previous research was mostly cross-sectional and seldom accounted for co-morbid psychopathology, which makes it difficult to draw conclusions about causality and specificity of any association. Using a genetically informative prospective design, we investigated the association between various neurodevelopmental problems (NDPs) in childhood and bully victimization in adolescence, and the relative contributions of genetic and environmental factors to this association...
September 2015: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25411126/peer-preference-and-friendship-quantity-in-children-with-externalizing-behavior-distinct-influences-on-bully-status-and-victim-status
#20
Mary Jia, Amori Yee Mikami
This study investigated the predictive relations between externalizing behavior, peer preference and friendship quantity, and bully status and victim status among children becoming acquainted with one another for the first time. Children ages 6.8-9.8 years (24 with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder; 113 typically developing; 72 girls) attended a 2-week summer day camp grouped into same-age, same-sex classrooms with previously unacquainted peers. Externalizing behavior (via parent and teacher ratings) was measured before the start of camp; peer preference and friendship quantity (via peer nominations) were measured in the middle of camp, and bully status and victim status (via peer nominations) were measured at the end of camp...
July 2015: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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