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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790847/the-development-of-a-short-version-of-temps-a-in-hungarian-non-clinical-samples
#1
Andras Lang, Barbara Papp, Tamas Inancsi, Peter Dome, Xenia Gonda, Zoltan Rihmer, Zsuzsanna Belteczki
BACKGROUND: The Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) is a widely used measure of affective temperaments. Affective temperaments refer to people's prevailing moods and are important precursors of affective disorders. With the two studies presented in this paper, we aimed to develop a short version of the Hungarian TEMPS-A. METHODS: A total number of 1857 university students participated in two studies. The original 110-item version and the newly developed short version of TEMPS-A, the anger, depression, and anxiety scales of the PROMIS Emotional Distress item bank, the Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale, the Satisfaction With Life Scale, and the Well-Being Index were administered to participants...
March 2018: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709442/gas-chromatography-coupled-with-mass-spectrometry-based-metabolomics-for-the-classification-of-tempe-from-different-regions-and-production-processes-in-indonesia
#2
Adinda Darwati Kadar, Pingkan Aditiawati, Made Astawan, Sastia Prama Putri, Eiichiro Fukusaki
Tempe, a fermented soybean originally from Indonesia, is an excellent protein source with high nutritional quality. Differences in the production process and unique fermentation condition in different regions result in varieties of tempe. Despite its high cultural and economic values, there are very few studies on the characterization of tempe based on the differences of production process and geographical origin. Metabolomics is a powerful tool assessing food quality, food safety, and determination of origin and varietal differences...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649673/the-relationship-between-impulsivity-and-panic-disorder-agoraphobia-the-role-of-affective-temperament
#3
Aslı Beşirli
There are opinions regarding that impulsivity may play a role in the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between impulsivity and panic disorder (PD) in the patient group, to compare impulsivity and affective temperamental traits between patients and healthy controls and to investigate whether there is a relationship between impulsivity and affective temperamental traits. Participants comprised 70 patients with PD and 58 healthy volunteers. The Panic Agoraphobia Scale (PAS), the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) and the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) were applied...
March 22, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477589/the-role-of-affective-temperaments-assessed-by-the-temperament-evaluation-of-memphis-pisa-and-san-diego-autoquestionnaire-temps-a-in-the-relationship-between-morningness-eveningness-and-bipolarity
#4
Adrian A Chrobak, Anna Tereszko, Daria Dembinska-Krajewska, Aleksandra Arciszewska, Ewa Dopierała, Marcin Siwek, Dominika Dudek, Janusz K Rybakowski
BACKGROUND: Growing number of studies indicates a link between eveningness chronotype, affective temperaments and bipolarity, both in patients with mood disorders and in general population. Given these tripartite associations, we hypothesized that the effect of circadian preferences on the bipolarity may be mediated by the temperamental traits. METHODS: The study included 1449 subjects (402 men and 1047 women). They all fulfilled a web-based questionnaire, consisting of the Composite Scale of Morningness (CSM), Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ), Hypomania Checklist-32 (HCL-32) and the Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A)...
May 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475238/temperament-in-adulthood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-without-bipolar-disorder
#5
Filiz Ozdemiroglu, Kadir Karakus, Cagdas Oyku Memis, Levent Sevincok, Sanem Mersin
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether some temperamental traits would be associated with persistence of attention deficit-hyperacitivty disorder (ADHD) in adulthood independent from bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: Eighty-one ADHD patients without a comorbid diagnosis of BD were divided into two groups, those with childhood ADHD (n=46), and those with Adulthood ADHD (n=35). The severity of childhood and adulthood ADHD were assessed by using the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS-25) and Turgay's Adult ADD/ADHD Diagnosis and Evaluation Scale (DES)...
March 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407563/affective-temperaments-play-an-important-role-in-the-relationship-between-child-abuse-and-the-diagnosis-of-bipolar-disorder
#6
Hiroyuki Toda, Takeshi Inoue, Masaaki Tanichi, Taku Saito, Shin Nakagawa, Jiro Masuya, Hajime Tanabe, Aihide Yoshino, Ichiro Kusumi
In previous studies, various components such as environmental and genetic factors have been shown to contribute to the development of bipolar disorder (BD). This study investigated how multiple factors, including child abuse, adult life events, and affective temperaments, are interrelated and how they affect the diagnosis of BD. A total of 170 healthy controls and 75 BD patients completed the following self-administered questionnaires: the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 evaluating the severity of depressive symptoms; the Child Abuse and Trauma Scale (CATS) evaluating child abuse; the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) evaluating affective temperaments; and the Life Experiences Survey (LES) evaluating negative and positive adult life events...
April 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407357/measuring-racing-thoughts-in-healthy-individuals-the-racing-and-crowded-thoughts-questionnaire-rctq
#7
Luisa Weiner, Sébastien Weibel, Wagner de Sousa Gurgel, Ineke Keizer, Marianne Gex-Fabry, Anne Giersch, Gilles Bertschy
Racing thoughts refer to an acceleration and overproduction of thoughts, which have been associated with manic and mixed episodes. Phenomenology distinguishes 'crowded' from 'racing' thoughts, associated with mixed depression and mania, respectively. Recent data suggest racing thoughts might also be present in healthy individuals with sub-affective traits and symptoms. We investigated this assumption, with a 34-item self-rating scale, the Racing and Crowded Thoughts Questionnaire (RCTQ), and evaluated its reliability, factor structure, and concurrent validity...
April 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373932/challenging-predictions-between-affective-temperaments-depression-and-anxiety-in-a-kosovo-student-community-sample
#8
Mimoza Shahini, Merita Shala, Pajtim Xhylani, Shkumbin Gashi, Islam Borinca, Andreas Erfurth
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between temperament and mental health problems is seen very important as we hope to explain the trajectory of this interaction. The aim of this study was to test the validity of affective temperaments for predicting psychiatric morbidity, by explaining the relationships between temperament, anxiety and depression in a community sample. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. The present sample consisted of 960 participants (347 male, 622 female) with a mean age of M = 28...
January 26, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329066/association-of-suicidal-risk-with-ratings-of-affective-temperaments
#9
Leonardo Tondo, Gustavo H Vázquez, Gabriele Sani, Marco Pinna, Ross J Baldessarini
BACKGROUND: Ratings of particular temperament-types with the TEMPS-A autoquestionnaire have been associated with suicidal risk, and combinations of such ratings may enhance the association. However, the predictive value of scores for individual temperaments and combinations remains to be quantified. METHOD: We evaluated associations of TEMPS-A ratings for anxious (anx), cyclothymic (cyc), dysthymic (dys), hyperthymic (hyp) and irritable (irr) temperaments, with a history of suicidal acts or reported suicidal ideation in 882 patients with bipolar (BD; n = 509), major depressive (MDD; n = 268) or anxiety (ANX; n = 105) disorders...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303918/suicidal-risk-and-affective-temperaments-evaluated-with-the-temps-a-scale-a-systematic-review
#10
Gustavo H Vázquez, Xenia Gonda, María Lolich, Leonardo Tondo, Ross J Baldessarini
BACKGROUND: Among risk factors for suicidal behavior, there is growing interest in associations with stable affective temperament types, particularly based on assessment with the TEMPS-A self-rating scale. AIM: As research on this topic has not been reviewed systematically, we synthesized relevant, reported research findings. METHODS: Systematic searching identified peer-reviewed reports pertaining to associations of suicidal behavior or ideation with affective temperament types evaluated with TEMPS-A...
January 2018: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286553/relationship-between-anxious-temperament-and-harm-avoidance-in-medical-students-and-staff
#11
Masanao Shirahama, Takeshi Terao, Nobuyoshi Ishii, Koji Hatano, Hirofumi Hirakawa, Kentaro Kohno
AIM: In order to resolve the equivocal relationship between anxious temperament rated by the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) and harm avoidance rated by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), the present study aimed to investigate whether the anxious temperament scale and the harm avoidance scale are significantly associated with adjustment of relevant factors. Our hypothesis was that anxious temperament might be associated with harm avoidance...
December 29, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167036/inverse-association-between-hyperthymic-affective-temperament-and-coronary-atherosclerosis-a-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-study
#12
János Nemcsik, Milán Vecsey-Nagy, Bálint Szilveszter, Márton Kolossváry, Júlia Karády, Andrea László, Beáta Kőrösi, Zsófia Nemcsik-Bencze, Xénia Gonda, Béla Merkely, Zoltán Rihmer, Pál Maurovich-Horvat
OBJECTIVE: A bidirectional relationship exists between psychiatric disorders and cardiovascular diseases, however less is known with regards to personality traits. Accumulating data suggest that affective temperaments are both associated with psychiatric and somatic diseases. The aim of our study was to evaluate the associations between different affective temperaments and the presence of coronary atherosclerosis. METHODS: 200 consecutive patients referred to coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) due to suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) were included in our study...
December 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137685/nutrition-research-in-cognitive-impairment-dementia-with-a-focus-on-soya-and-folate
#13
Eef Hogervorst, Shelina Kassam, Atik Kridawati, Mira Soni, Xu Xin, Xiao Shifu, Tri Budi Rahardjo
Observational studies and treatment trials investigating nutrition and cognitive function, with a focus on folate and soya and dementia, were reviewed. Data suggested that effects of folic acid based interventions may only be shown before cognitive decline is evident and/or if people are folate deficient. In older people in Indonesia, Hawai'i and China, tofu, which can contain high levels of phytoestrogens, was found to increase dementia risk. This association was not mediated by a vegetarian diet, socioeconomic status, formaldehyde, thyroid function, or loss of teeth...
November 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107211/cyclothymic-temperament-and-glucose-metabolism-in-the-right-superior-parietal-lobule
#14
Koji Hatano, Takeshi Terao, Hirofumi Hirakawa, Kentaro Kohno, Yoshinori Mizokami, Nobuyoshi Ishii
Cyclothymic temperament possesses a central dimension that includes rapid fluctuations in mood and emotional instability, and it is regarded as a prodromal state of bipolar disorder. The aim of the present study is to explore the neural correlates of cyclothymic temperament. We used the data of 55 healthy participants in our previous study and analyzed the association between cyclothymic temperament scores rated by the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) and the uptake of [18F]-FDG measured by positron emission tomography (PET)...
October 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073788/affective-temperaments-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-period-a-click-to-hyperthymic-temperament
#15
Esra Yazici, Hilal Uslu Yuvaci, Ahmet Bulent Yazici, Arif Serhan Cevrioglu, Atila Erol
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and postpartum periods are the main reproductive periods during which women experience mood disorders. Affective temperaments are known antecedents of mood disorders and their importance is increasing in time for early diagnosis and determining risky groups. But data about affective temperaments during perinatal period is limited. METHODS: Women during pregnancy and perinatal period and healthy controls who are not in perinatal period are included in the study...
March 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837953/temperaments-in-psychotic-and-major-affective-disorders
#16
Maurizio Pompili, Ross J Baldessarini, Marco Innamorati, Gustavo H Vázquez, Zoltan Rihmer, Xenia Gonda, Alberto Forte, Dorian A Lamis, Denise Erbuto, Gianluca Serafini, Andrea Fiorillo, Mario Amore, Paolo Girardi
BACKGROUND: Assessment of affective temperaments with the extensively validated, 110-item TEMPS-A autoquestionnaire has been used to characterize patients with mood disorders, and its scores have been associated consistently with suicidal behavior. Much less has been reported about comparisons of characteristics of such assessments in psychotic and other psychiatric disorders. METHODS: We analyzed results of TEMPS-A assessments in 1081 psychiatrically hospitalized patients in Rome and compared subscale scores (anxious [anx], cyclothymic [cyc], depressive [dep], irritable [irr], hyperthymic [hyp]) and a composite score (anx+cyc+dep+irr - hyp) among diagnoses and subjects with vs...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782489/neural-correlates-in-patients-with-major-affective-disorders-an-fmri-study
#17
Gianluca Serafini, Maurizio Pompili, Andrea Romano, Denise Erbuto, Dorian A Lamis, Marta Moraschi, Maria Camilla Rossi-Espagnet, Mario Amore, Paolo Girardi, Alessandro Bozzao
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Brain areas of functional activation during emotional stimuli and their correlations with affective temperaments evaluated using Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego (TEMPS-A) and hopelessness levels assessed with the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) have been investigated. METHOD: Brain activity in response to emotional stimuli was examined by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Blood Oxygen Level Dependent (NMR BOLD) signal...
2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753470/re-analysis-of-the-association-of-temperature-or-sunshine-with-hyperthymic-temperament-using-lithium-levels-of-drinking-water
#18
Hideki Matsuzaki, Takeshi Terao, Takeshi Inoue, Yoshikazu Takaesu, Nobuyoshi Ishii, Kentaro Kohno, Minoru Takeshima, Hajime Baba, Hiroshi Honma
BACKGROUND: The Japanese archipelago stretches over 4000km from north to south and has four large islands: Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. Previously, using the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-auto questionnaire version (TEMPS-A), we compared the hyperthymic scores of residents in Sapporo, Obihiro, Takaoka, Koshigaya, and Oita cities (which are located at latitudes of 43°N, 42°N, 36°N, 36°N and 33°N with various combinations of ambient temperament and sunshine in Japan, respectively)...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745523/affective-temperaments-mood-and-insomnia-symptoms-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#19
Włodzimierz Oniszczenko, Marcin Rzeszutek, Ewa Stanisławiak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to understand the relationship between affective temperaments and insomnia symptoms and to examine mood state as a mediator in this relationship. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 659 adults (428 women and 231 men), aged between 18-77 years old, derived from a nonclinical population. METHODS: Affective temperaments were assessed using the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A)...
July 26, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716530/genetic-association-analysis-of-serotonin-and-signal-transduction-pathways-in-suicide-attempters-from-an-italian-sample-of-psychiatric-patients
#20
Maurizio Pompili, Giovanna Gentile, Catia Scassellati, Cristian Bonvicini, Marco Innamorati, Denise Erbuto, Franco Montebovi, Giuseppe Ducci, Alberto Forte, Eleonora De Pisa, Stefano Ferracuti, Gianluca Serafini, Vincenzo De Luca, Mario Amore, Maurizio Simmaco, Paolo Girardi
Genetic factors have been reported to contribute to the liability of suicide. We aimed to investigate functional polymorphisms in eight genes (serotonin transporter, SLC6A4; receptors, 5HTR1A, 1B, 5HTR2A; Tryptophan Hydroxylase, TPH1, TPH2; Monoamine Oxidase, MAOA and G Protein Subunit Beta 3, GNB3) to investigate their predictive value for suicide. The possible confounding effects of gender and phenotypic patients dissection were also valued. A sample of 111 consecutive psychiatric inpatients was recruited and assessed using specific psychometric instruments...
July 14, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
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