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Adrian A Chrobak, Anna Tereszko, Daria Dembinska-Krajewska, Aleksandra Arciszewska, Ewa Dopierała, Marcin Siwek, Dominika Dudek, Janusz K Rybakowski
BACKGROUND: Growing number of studies indicates a link between eveningness chronotype, affective temperaments and bipolarity, both in patients with mood disorders and in general population. Given these tripartite associations, we hypothesized that the effect of circadian preferences on the bipolarity may be mediated by the temperamental traits. METHODS: The study included 1449 subjects (402 men and 1047 women). They all fulfilled a web-based questionnaire, consisting of the Composite Scale of Morningness (CSM), Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ), Hypomania Checklist-32 (HCL-32) and the Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A)...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Filiz Ozdemiroglu, Kadir Karakus, Cagdas Oyku Memis, Levent Sevincok, Sanem Mersin
Objective: We examined whether some temperamental traits would be associated with persistence of attention deficit-hyperacitivty disorder (ADHD) in adulthood independent from bipolar disorder (BD). Methods: Eighty-one ADHD patients without a comorbid diagnosis of BD were divided into two groups, those with childhood ADHD (n=46), and those with Adulthood ADHD (n=35). The severity of childhood and adulthood ADHD were assessed by using the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS-25) and Turgay's Adult ADD/ADHD Diagnosis and Evaluation Scale (DES)...
February 22, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
Hiroyuki Toda, Takeshi Inoue, Masaaki Tanichi, Taku Saito, Shin Nakagawa, Jiro Masuya, Hajime Tanabe, Aihide Yoshino, Ichiro Kusumi
In previous studies, various components such as environmental and genetic factors have been shown to contribute to the development of bipolar disorder (BD). This study investigated how multiple factors, including child abuse, adult life events, and affective temperaments, are interrelated and how they affect the diagnosis of BD. A total of 170 healthy controls and 75 BD patients completed the following self-administered questionnaires: the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 evaluating the severity of depressive symptoms; the Child Abuse and Trauma Scale (CATS) evaluating child abuse; the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) evaluating affective temperaments; and the Life Experiences Survey (LES) evaluating negative and positive adult life events...
January 29, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Luisa Weiner, Sébastien Weibel, Wagner de Sousa Gurgel, Ineke Keizer, Marianne Gex-Fabry, Anne Giersch, Gilles Bertschy
Racing thoughts refer to an acceleration and overproduction of thoughts, which have been associated with manic and mixed episodes. Phenomenology distinguishes 'crowded' from 'racing' thoughts, associated with mixed depression and mania, respectively. Recent data suggest racing thoughts might also be present in healthy individuals with sub-affective traits and symptoms. We investigated this assumption, with a 34-item self-rating scale, the Racing and Crowded Thoughts Questionnaire (RCTQ), and evaluated its reliability, factor structure, and concurrent validity...
January 26, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Mimoza Shahini, Merita Shala, Pajtim Xhylani, Shkumbin Gashi, Islam Borinca, Andreas Erfurth
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between temperament and mental health problems is seen very important as we hope to explain the trajectory of this interaction. The aim of this study was to test the validity of affective temperaments for predicting psychiatric morbidity, by explaining the relationships between temperament, anxiety and depression in a community sample. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. The present sample consisted of 960 participants (347 male, 622 female) with a mean age of M = 28...
January 26, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Leonardo Tondo, Gustavo H Vázquez, Gabriele Sani, Marco Pinna, Ross J Baldessarini
BACKGROUND: Ratings of particular temperament-types with the TEMPS-A autoquestionnaire have been associated with suicidal risk, and combinations of such ratings may enhance the association. However, the predictive value of scores for individual temperaments and combinations remains to be quantified. METHOD: We evaluated associations of TEMPS-A ratings for anxious (anx), cyclothymic (cyc), dysthymic (dys), hyperthymic (hyp) and irritable (irr) temperaments, with a history of suicidal acts or reported suicidal ideation in 882 patients with bipolar (BD; n = 509), major depressive (MDD; n = 268) or anxiety (ANX; n = 105) disorders...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Gustavo H Vázquez, Xenia Gonda, María Lolich, Leonardo Tondo, Ross J Baldessarini
BACKGROUND: Among risk factors for suicidal behavior, there is growing interest in associations with stable affective temperament types, particularly based on assessment with the TEMPS-A self-rating scale. AIM: As research on this topic has not been reviewed systematically, we synthesized relevant, reported research findings. METHODS: Systematic searching identified peer-reviewed reports pertaining to associations of suicidal behavior or ideation with affective temperament types evaluated with TEMPS-A...
January 2018: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
Masanao Shirahama, Takeshi Terao, Nobuyoshi Ishii, Koji Hatano, Hirofumi Hirakawa, Kentaro Kohno
AIMS: In order to resolve the equivocal relationship between anxious temperament rated by the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A) and harm avoidance rated by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), the present study aims to investigate whether the anxious temperament scale and the harm avoidance scale are significantly associated with adjustment of relevant factors. Our hypothesis is that anxious temperament may be associated with harm avoidance...
December 29, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
János Nemcsik, Milán Vecsey-Nagy, Bálint Szilveszter, Márton Kolossváry, Júlia Karády, Andrea László, Beáta Kőrösi, Zsófia Nemcsik-Bencze, Xénia Gonda, Béla Merkely, Zoltán Rihmer, Pál Maurovich-Horvat
OBJECTIVE: A bidirectional relationship exists between psychiatric disorders and cardiovascular diseases, however less is known with regards to personality traits. Accumulating data suggest that affective temperaments are both associated with psychiatric and somatic diseases. The aim of our study was to evaluate the associations between different affective temperaments and the presence of coronary atherosclerosis. METHODS: 200 consecutive patients referred to coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) due to suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) were included in our study...
December 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Eef Hogervorst, Shelina Kassam, Atik Kridawati, Mira Soni, Xu Xin, Xiao Shifu, Tri Budi Rahardjo
Observational studies and treatment trials investigating nutrition and cognitive function, with a focus on folate and soya and dementia, were reviewed. Data suggested that effects of folic acid based interventions may only be shown before cognitive decline is evident and/or if people are folate deficient. In older people in Indonesia, Hawai'i and China, tofu, which can contain high levels of phytoestrogens, was found to increase dementia risk. This association was not mediated by a vegetarian diet, socioeconomic status, formaldehyde, thyroid function, or loss of teeth...
November 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
Koji Hatano, Takeshi Terao, Hirofumi Hirakawa, Kentaro Kohno, Yoshinori Mizokami, Nobuyoshi Ishii
Cyclothymic temperament possesses a central dimension that includes rapid fluctuations in mood and emotional instability, and it is regarded as a prodromal state of bipolar disorder. The aim of the present study is to explore the neural correlates of cyclothymic temperament. We used the data of 55 healthy participants in our previous study and analyzed the association between cyclothymic temperament scores rated by the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) and the uptake of [18F]-FDG measured by positron emission tomography (PET)...
October 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
Esra Yazici, Hilal Uslu Yuvaci, Ahmet Bulent Yazici, Arif Serhan Cevrioglu, Atila Erol
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and postpartum periods are the main reproductive periods during which women experience mood disorders. Affective temperaments are known antecedents of mood disorders and their importance is increasing in time for early diagnosis and determining risky groups. But data about affective temperaments during perinatal period is limited. METHODS: Women during pregnancy and perinatal period and healthy controls who are not in perinatal period are included in the study...
October 26, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
Maurizio Pompili, Ross J Baldessarini, Marco Innamorati, Gustavo H Vázquez, Zoltan Rihmer, Xenia Gonda, Alberto Forte, Dorian A Lamis, Denise Erbuto, Gianluca Serafini, Andrea Fiorillo, Mario Amore, Paolo Girardi
BACKGROUND: Assessment of affective temperaments with the extensively validated, 110-item TEMPS-A autoquestionnaire has been used to characterize patients with mood disorders, and its scores have been associated consistently with suicidal behavior. Much less has been reported about comparisons of characteristics of such assessments in psychotic and other psychiatric disorders. METHODS: We analyzed results of TEMPS-A assessments in 1081 psychiatrically hospitalized patients in Rome and compared subscale scores (anxious [anx], cyclothymic [cyc], depressive [dep], irritable [irr], hyperthymic [hyp]) and a composite score (anx+cyc+dep+irr - hyp) among diagnoses and subjects with vs...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Gianluca Serafini, Maurizio Pompili, Andrea Romano, Denise Erbuto, Dorian A. Lamis, Marta Moraschi, Camilla Rossi-Espagnet, Mario Amore, Paolo Girardi, Alessandro Bozzao
Brain areas of functional activation during emotional stimuli and their correlations with affective temperaments evaluated using Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego (TEMPS-A) and hopelessness levels assessed with Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) have been investigated. Brain activity in response to emotional stimuli was examined by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Blood Oxygen Level Dependent (NMR BOLD) signal. Seventeen subjects (mean age ± SD = 57 ± 12), diagnosed with major affective disorders and eighteen healthy controls (HC) (mean age ± SD = 50±11) participated in this study...
August 3, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
Hideki Matsuzaki, Takeshi Terao, Takeshi Inoue, Yoshikazu Takaesu, Nobuyoshi Ishii, Kentaro Kohno, Minoru Takeshima, Hajime Baba, Hiroshi Honma
BACKGROUND: The Japanese archipelago stretches over 4000km from north to south and has four large islands: Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. Previously, using the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-auto questionnaire version (TEMPS-A), we compared the hyperthymic scores of residents in Sapporo, Obihiro, Takaoka, Koshigaya, and Oita cities (which are located at latitudes of 43°N, 42°N, 36°N, 36°N and 33°N with various combinations of ambient temperament and sunshine in Japan, respectively)...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Włodzimierz Oniszczenko, Marcin Rzeszutek, Ewa Stanisławiak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to understand the relationship between affective temperaments and insomnia symptoms and to examine mood state as a mediator in this relationship. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 659 adults (428 women and 231 men), aged between 18-77 years old, derived from a nonclinical population. METHODS: Affective temperaments were assessed using the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A)...
July 26, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Maurizio Pompili, Giovanna Gentile, Catia Scassellati, Cristian Bonvicini, Marco Innamorati, Denise Erbuto, Franco Montebovi, Giuseppe Ducci, Alberto Forte, Eleonora De Pisa, Stefano Ferracuti, Gianluca Serafini, Vincenzo De Luca, Mario Amore, Maurizio Simmaco, Paolo Girardi
Genetic factors have been reported to contribute to the liability of suicide. We aimed to investigate functional polymorphisms in eight genes (serotonin transporter, SLC6A4; receptors, 5HTR1A, 1B, 5HTR2A; Tryptophan Hydroxylase, TPH1, TPH2; Monoamine Oxidase, MAOA and G Protein Subunit Beta 3, GNB3) to investigate their predictive value for suicide. The possible confounding effects of gender and phenotypic patients dissection were also valued. A sample of 111 consecutive psychiatric inpatients was recruited and assessed using specific psychometric instruments...
July 14, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
Fernando Torrente, Pablo López, Alicia Lischinsky, Marcelo Cetkovich-Bakmas, Facundo Manes
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the characteristics of depressive symptoms and the influence of affective temperament in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), in comparison with bipolar disorder (BD) patients and healthy controls (HCs). METHOD: Sixty patients with ADHD, 50 patients with BD, and 30 HCs were assessed with instruments for measuring depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory-II), and affective temperaments (Temperament Scale of Memphis, Pisa and San Diego, self-administered version; TEMPS-A)...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Nobuyuki Mitsui, Yukiei Nakai, Takeshi Inoue, Niki Udo, Kan Kitagawa, Yumi Wakatsuki, Rie Kameyama, Atsuhito Toyomaki, Yoichi M Ito, Yuji Kitaichi, Shin Nakagawa, Ichiro Kusumi
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates are vastly higher in Japan than in many other countries, although the associations between affective temperaments and suicide-related ideations in the general adult population remain unclear. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate these associations in the present study. METHODS: We analyzed data from 638 Japanese volunteers who completed both the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A)...
2017: PloS One
Marcin Jaracz, Izabela Rosiak, Anna Bertrand-Bucińska, Maciej Jaskulski, Joanna Nieżurawska, Alina Borkowska
INTRODUCTION: The risk of professional burnout is constituted by job-related as well as individual factors. The latter involve affective temperament, which influences the perception of job-related stress. The aim of the present study was to assess the affective temperament, the level of job stress and professional burnout, as well as the relationships between these variables, in public servants and nurses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 100 civil servants and 100 nurses were enrolled in the study...
2017: PloS One
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