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Adrian Andrzej Chrobak, Anna Tereszko, Daria Dembinska-Krajewska, Aleksandra Arciszewska, Marcin Siwek, Dominika Dudek, Janusz Rybakowski
Chronotype is a stable trait presenting one's circardian preference. Since chronotype disturbances are common in patients with affective disorders, our aim is to evaluate chronotypes related to affective temperaments, measured with the temperament evaluation of Memphis, Pisa and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A). The study included 618 subjects (151 men and 467 women) within the framework of web-based design. They all fulfilled a questionnaire, consisting of the Composite Scale of Morningness (CSM), Sleep Wake Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SWPAQ), and the TEMPS-A scale...
October 13, 2016: Chronobiology International
Elie G Karam, Elaine El Khoury, Lynn Itani
BACKGROUND: An essential point in evaluating the utility of measuring temperaments is the stability of the instrument used especially in the presence of mental disorders. One of the most commonly used instruments in the clinical setting is the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A). To our knowledge, the TEMPS-A's stability in an outpatient adult clinical setting has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the stability of the effect of temperament, time and clinical intervention...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Maja Ivković, Maja Pantović-Stefanović, Nataša Petronijević, Bojana Dunjić-Kostić, Milica Velimirović, Tatjana Nikolić, Vladimir Jurišić, Maja Lačković, Sanja Totić-Poznanović, Aleksandar A Jovanović, Aleksandar Damjanović
BACKGROUND: Affective temperaments are intermediate phenotypes for major affective disorders and are reported to have a neuroimmune etiopathogenesis. Here we investigated the role of soluble intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) in affective temperaments and mood symptoms in healthy adults. METHODS: Healthy adults (n=94) were screened for psychiatric disorders using the nonpatient version of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-I and II...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Yasuya Nakato, Takeshi Inoue, Shin Nakagawa, Yuji Kitaichi, Rie Kameyama, Yumi Wakatsuki, Kan Kitagawa, Yuki Omiya, Ichiro Kusumi
BACKGROUND: The Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A) is a 110-item questionnaire that assesses five affective temperaments. However, a valid shortened version is desired for large-scale investigations to enhance the compliance of respondents. METHODS: A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted among 320 psychiatric patients and 61 general adults. The participants completed the Japanese 39-item short version of the TEMPS-A, and a portion of the participants completed the 110-item version...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
L Lundström, C Bissantz, J Beck, M Dellenbach, T J Woltering, J Wichmann, S Gatti
The metabotropic glutamate receptor 2 (mGlu2) plays an important role in the presynaptic control of glutamate release and several mGlu2 positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) have been under assessment for their potential as antipsychotics. The binding mode of mGlu2 PAMs is better characterized in functional terms while few data are available on the relationship between allosteric and orthosteric binding sites. Pharmacological studies characterizing binding and effects of two different chemical series of mGlu2 PAMs are therefore carried out here using the radiolabeled mGlu2 agonist (3)[H]-LY354740 and mGlu2 PAM (3)[H]-2,2,2-TEMPS...
December 2016: Neuropharmacology
Andrea László, Ádám Tabák, Beáta Kőrösi, Dániel Eörsi, Péter Torzsa, Orsolya Cseprekál, András Tislér, György Reusz, Zsófia Nemcsik-Bencze, Xénia Gonda, Zoltán Rihmer, János Nemcsik
BACKGROUND: Affective temperaments (anxious, depressive, cyclothymic, irritable and hyperthymic) measure subclinical manifestations of major mood disorders. Furthermore, cumulating evidence suggests their involvement in somatic disorders as well. We aimed to assess associations between affective temperament scores and blood pressure and arterial stiffness parameters in hypertensive patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 173 patients with well-controlled or grade 1 chronic hypertension, with no history of depression, completed the TEMPS-A, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A) questionnaires in three GP practices...
2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
János Nemcsik, Andrea László, Lilla Lénárt, Dániel Eörsi, Péter Torzsa, Beáta Kőrösi, Orsolya Cseprekál, András Tislér, Ádám Tabák, Xenia Gonda, Zoltán Rihmer, Judit Hodrea, Zsófia Nemcsik-Bencze, Andrea Fekete
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has neuroprotective, proangiogenic and myogenic effects and, therefore, possibly acts as a psychosomatic mediator. Here, we measured serum BDNF (seBDNF) level in hypertensive patients (HT) and healthy controls (CONT) and its relation to affective temperaments, depression and anxiety scales, and arterial stiffness parameters. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, affective temperaments, anxiety, and depression were studied with questionnaires (TEMPS-A, HAM-A, and BDI, respectively)...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
Yasuhiko Deguchi, Shinichi Iwasaki, Akihito Konishi, Hideyuki Ishimoto, Koichiro Ogawa, Yuichi Fukuda, Tomoko Nitta, Koki Inoue
The relationship between temperaments and mental disorders has been reported in previous studies, but there has been little attention to temperaments in the occupational safety and health research. The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of temperaments on occupational stress among local government employees. The subjects were 145 Japanese daytime workers in local government. Temperaments were assessed by the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego-Auto questionnaire (TEMPS-A)...
2016: PloS One
Burç Çağrı Poyraz, Ayşe Sakallı Kani, Cana Aksoy Poyraz, Tuba Öcek Baş, Mehmet Kemal Arıkan
Affective temperaments are the subclinical manifestations or phenotypes of mood states and hypothetically represent one healthy end of the mood disorder spectrum. However, there is a scarcity of studies investigating the neurobiological basis of affective temperaments. One fundamental aspect of temperament is the behavioral reactivity to environmental stimuli, which can be effectively evaluated by use of cognitive event-related potentials (ERPs) reflecting the diversity of information processing. The aim of the present study is to explore the associations between P300 and the affective temperamental traits in healthy individuals...
May 17, 2016: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
Yoshiaki Kanai, Yoshikazu Takaesu, Yukiei Nakai, Masahiko Ichiki, Mitsuhiko Sato, Yasunori Matsumoto, Jun Ishikawa, Yasuyuki Ono, Akiko Murakoshi, Hajime Tanabe, Ichiro Kusumi, Takeshi Inoue
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown the effects of childhood abuse, life events, and temperaments on well-being (positive affect) and ill-being (negative affect). We hypothesized that childhood abuse, affective temperaments, and adult life events interact with one another and influence positive and negative affects in the general adult population and tested this hypothesis using structural equation modeling. METHODS: A total of 415 participants from the general, nonclinical adult population were studied using the following self-administered questionnaires: the Subjective Well-Being Inventory (SUBI); Life Experiences Survey (LES); Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A); and the Child Abuse and Trauma Scale (CATS)...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Ross J Baldessarini, Gustavo H Vázquez, Leonardo Tondo
BACKGROUND: Clinical characteristics proposed to be associated with suicidal risk include affective temperament types. We tested this proposal with two methods in a large sample of subjects with mood and anxiety disorders. METHODS: We assessed consecutive, consenting subjects clinically for affective temperament types and by TEMPS-A self-ratings for associations of temperament with suicidal ideation and acts, using standard bivariate methods, and multivariate logistic regression models...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Minoru Takeshima, Takashi Oka
BACKGROUND: Difficult-to-treat major depressive disorder (MDD-DT), which involves antidepressant refractoriness or antidepressant-related adverse psychiatric effects, is bipolar in nature; therefore, it may share common temperamental features with bipolar disorder. To examine this hypothesis, affective temperament was compared between MDD-DT, easy-to-treat major depressive disorder (MDD-ET), and bipolar disorder. METHODS: Affective temperament was measured in 320 patients (69, 56, and 195 with MDD-ET, MDD-DT, and bipolar disorder, respectively) using the self-rated questionnaire version of the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego (TEMPS-A), with between-group differences examined using multiple logistic regression analysis controlling for confounders...
April 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Kristine Kahr Nilsson, Pirathiv Kugathasan, Krista Nielsen Straarup
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to elucidate the characteristics, correlates and outcomes of perceived stigmatization in patients with Bipolar Disorder (BD). METHODS: At baseline 50 remitted BD patients completed the Stigma Questionnaire (SQ), the Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS), and the Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Auto-Questionnaire - Short Version (TEMPS-A). The BD patients were followed for 24 months as part of their ongoing treatment...
April 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Áine M Humble, Maureen Green
Some researchers have suggested that qualitative research is increasing in the gerontology field, but little systematic analysis has tested this assertion. Using the Canadian Journal on Aging/La Revue canadienne du vieillissement as a case study, we analysed articles reporting on original research from 1995 to 2012. One in four articles were qualitative, and results in three-year intervals show a clear increase in qualitative research findings during this 18-year time frame: (a) 1995-1997: 10 per cent; (b) 1998-2000: 19 per cent; (c) 2001-2003: 25 per cent; (d) 2004-2006: 25 per cent; (e) 2007-2009: 29 per cent; and (f) 2010-2012: 43 per cent...
March 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
Maurizio Pompili, Marco Innamorati, Mariantonietta Milelli, Michele Battuello, Denise Erbuto, David Lester, Xenia Gonda, Zoltan Rihmer, Mario Amore, Paolo Girardi
BACKGROUND: Temperaments in completed suicides have never been assessed whereas there is substantial research on temperaments in attempted suicides and psychiatric patients. METHODS: The significant others of 18 completed suicides participated in this study in order to provide an assessment of temperaments, hopelessness, depression and the suicide risk of their loved ones. The data were compared with data from 244 psychiatric patients of whom 83 had attempted suicide in the previous month...
February 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Hiroyuki Toda, Takeshi Inoue, Tomoya Tsunoda, Yukiei Nakai, Masaaki Tanichi, Teppei Tanaka, Naoki Hashimoto, Yoshikazu Takaesu, Shin Nakagawa, Yuji Kitaichi, Shuken Boku, Hajime Tanabe, Masashi Nibuya, Aihide Yoshino, Ichiro Kusumi
Previous studies have shown that various factors, such as genetic and environmental factors, contribute to the development of major depressive disorder (MDD). The aim of this study is to clarify how multiple factors, including affective temperaments, childhood abuse and adult life events, are involved in the severity of depressive symptoms in MDD. A total of 98 participants with MDD were studied using the following self-administered questionnaire surveys: Patient Health Questionnaire-9 measuring the severity of depressive symptoms; Life Experiences Survey (LES) measuring negative and positive adult life events; Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A) measuring affective temperaments; and the Child Abuse and Trauma Scale (CATS) measuring childhood abuse...
February 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Andrea László, Levente Babos, Zsóka Kis-Igari, Adrienn Pálfy, Péter Torzsa, Ajándék Eőry, László Kalabay, Xenia Gonda, Zoltán Rihmer, Orsolya Cseprekál, András Tislér, Judit Hodrea, Lilla Lénárt, Andrea Fekete, János Nemcsik
BACKGROUND: Although mood disorders and cardiovascular diseases have widely studied psychosomatic connections, data concerning the influence of the psychopathologically important affective temperaments in hypertension are scarce. To define a possibly higher cardiovascular risk subpopulation we investigated in well-treated hypertensive patients with dominant affective temperaments (DOM) and in well-treated hypertensive patients without dominant temperaments the level of depression and anxiety, arterial stiffness and serum Brain-derived Neurotrophic Factor (seBDNF)...
2015: Annals of General Psychiatry
Daria Dembinska-Krajewska, Janusz K Rybakowski
BACKGROUND: The effect of psychopharmacological treatment on personality has been mostly studied with antidepressant drugs. Previously, we demonstrated an association between long-term lithium response and affective temperaments measured by the Temperament Scale of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A), and schizotypic traits, measured by the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences (O-LIFE). Therefore, we were interested whether long-term lithium treatment per se may influence personality traits measured by these scales...
December 2015: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Shrif Costandi, Mauricio Garcia-Jacques, Teresa Dews, Michael Kot, Kevin Wong, Gerges Azer, Jasmyn Atalla, Michael Looka, Elie Nasr, Nagy Mekhail
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the medial branch nerves that innervate the facet joints is a well-established treatment modality; however, studies to determine the optimal radiofrequency ablation temperature are lacking. A wide range (70 to 90°C) has been used. This study aimed to compare outcomes with two set temperatures for the lumbar facet medial branch ablation, 90 and 80°C. METHODS: This retrospective study compared the degree of patient self-reported functional improvement relief, postoperative opioid dose changes, as well as duration among lumbar facet medial branch (RFA) patients who had the procedures performed at 80 or 90°C...
September 15, 2015: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Jawaher Masmoudi, Dorsa Trigui, Ines Feki, Imen Bâati, Abdelaziz Jaoua
BACKGROUND: Several authors emphasize the close relationship between self-esteem and athletic performance; such a relationship may raise the following question: by saying "strong" or "without any physical condition", is it a fair presentation of the individual's abilities or he reveals the most fundamental aspects of his personality, such as emotional temperament? OBJECTIVES: To evaluate self-esteem, physical self and temperamental profile in a group of sportsmen, and to look for a relationship between these variables and athletic performance...
March 2015: La Tunisie Médicale
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