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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334440/multifactorial-splenomegaly
#1
Jay Allison, Rachel Sunne, Mark Huntington
Splenomegaly is an unusual finding among North Americans, but is commonly seen in many parts of the world. Increasingly, it can be encountered locally among recent immigrant and refugee populations. A broad differential diagnosis is required. We report the case of a 33-year-old refugee with multiple potential causes for splenomegaly. Empiric treatment of one of the infectious contributors to his splenomegaly resulted in a significant improvement of his quality of life, illustrating the importance of a thorough evaluation of potential causes of splenomegaly, especially in refugee and immigrant populations...
December 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332551/how-narratives-of-fear-shape-girls-participation-in-community-life-in-two-conflict-affected-populations
#2
Marni Sommer, Miguel Munoz-Laboy, Emily Wilkinson Salamea, Johanna Arp, Kathryn L Falb, Nadine Rudahindwa, Lindsay Stark
Numerous social factors shape girls' lives in conflict-affected settings, affecting their vulnerability to gender-based violence (GBV). Qualitative research methods were used to examine spaces of perceived safety and risk for girls living in two conflict-affected populations: camps in Ethiopia hosting primarily South Sudanese and Sudanese refugees and communities in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Three major themes emerged: (a) challenges around caregiver-child communication regarding development, sex, and sexual violence; (b) a typology of safe/risky spaces; and (c) the influence of male-dominated spaces on experiences and fear of GBV...
June 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332516/drivers-of-intimate-partner-violence-against-women-in-three-refugee-camps
#3
Karin Wachter, Rebecca Horn, Elsa Friis, Kathryn Falb, Leora Ward, Christine Apio, Sophia Wanjiku, Eve Puffer
This qualitative study examined the "drivers" of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women in displacement to identify protective factors and patterns of risk. Qualitative data were collected in three refugee camps in South Sudan, Kenya, and Iraq ( N = 284). Findings revealed interrelated factors that triggered and perpetuated IPV: gendered social norms and roles, destabilization of gender norms and roles, men's substance use, women's separation from family, and rapid remarriages and forced marriages. These factors paint a picture of individual, family, community and societal processes that exacerbate women's risk of IPV in extreme conditions created by displacement...
February 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332358/a-study-on-basic-demographic-and-disease-characteristics-of-cancer-diagnosed-syrian-refugees-treated-in-the-border-city-of-turkey-sanliurfa-a-hospital-based-retrospective-case-series-study
#4
Yasemin Bakkal Temi, Ali Murat Sedef, Serkan Gokcay, Hatice Coskun, Sedenay Oskeroglu Kaplan, Ozlem Ozkul, Huseyin Mertsoylu, Fatih Kose
PURPOSE: Turkey hosts around 3 million Syrian refugees which is more than any other country in the world. Along with some other adaptation issues like cultural, language, and economic difficulties, significant problems in managing medical problems, chronic diseases like cancer in particular, have to be fixed. However, there are few studies which explore main patient and clinicopathological characteristics in Syrian refugees with cancer. The purpose of this study was to highlight the aforementioned characteristics along with management issues after cancer diagnosis of these patients...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329951/medical-and-health-risks-associated-with-communicable-diseases-of-rohingya-refugees-in-bangladesh-2017
#5
Emily Y Y Chan, Cheuk Pong Chiu, Gloria K W Chan
Complex emergencies remain as major threats to human well-being in the 21st century. More than 0.3 million Rohingya people in Myanmar, one of the most forgotten minority globally, had fled to the neighborhood communities, during the past decades. In recent crisis, the sudden influx within 3 months almost tripled the accumulated displaced population in Bangladesh. Using the Rohingya people in Bangladesh as a case context, this perspective paper synthesized evidence in published literature regarding what might be the key health risks associated with the five main health and survival supporting domains namely, water and sanitation, food and nutrition, shelter and non-food item, access to health service and information for the displaced living in camp settlements in Asia...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327258/mental-health-problems-of-syrian-refugee-children-the-role-of-parental-factors
#6
Seyda Eruyar, John Maltby, Panos Vostanis
War-torn children are particularly vulnerable through direct trauma exposure as well through their parents' responses. This study thus investigated the association between trauma exposure and children's mental health, and the contribution of parent-related factors in this association. A cross-sectional study with 263 Syrian refugee children-parent dyads was conducted in Turkey. The Stressful Life Events Questionnaire (SLE), General Health Questionnaire, Parenting Stress Inventory (PSI-SF), Impact of Events Scale for Children (CRIES-8), and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were used to measure trauma exposure, parental psychopathology, parenting-related stress, children's post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), and mental health problems, respectively...
January 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325099/quantitative-survey-on-health-and-violence-endured-by-refugees-during-their-journey-and-in-calais-france
#7
Malika Bouhenia, Jihane Ben Farhat, Matthew E Coldiron, Saif Abdallah, Delphine Visentin, Michaël Neuman, Mathilde Berthelot, Klaudia Porten, Sandra Cohuet
Background: In 2015, more than 1 million refugees arrived in Europe. During their travels, refugees often face harsh conditions, violence and torture in transit countries, but there is a lack of quantitative evidence on their experiences. We present the results of a retrospective survey among refugees in the 'Jungle' of Calais, France, to document their health problems and the violence they endured during their journeys. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional population-based survey in November and December 2015...
November 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325025/towards-an-understanding-of-resilience-responding-to-health-systems-shocks
#8
Johanna Hanefeld, Susannah Mayhew, Helena Legido-Quigley, Frederick Martineau, Marina Karanikolos, Karl Blanchet, Marco Liverani, Esther Yei Mokuwa, Gillian McKay, Dina Balabanova
The recent outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa has drawn attention to the role and responsiveness of health systems in the face of shock. It brought into sharp focus the idea that health systems need not only to be stronger but also more 'resilient'. In this article, we argue that responding to shocks is an important aspect of resilience, examining the health system behaviour in the face of four types of contemporary shocks: the financial crisis in Europe from 2008 onwards; climate change disasters; the EVD outbreak in West Africa 2013-16; and the recent refugee and migration crisis in Europe...
January 9, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322106/questioning-the-role-of-facebook-in-maintaining-syrian-social-capital-during-the-syrian-crisis
#9
Reem Ramadan
The Syrian crisis is considered the 'world's single largest crisis for almost a quarter of a century that has the biggest refugee population from a single conflict in a generation' (UN High Commissioner for Refugees, 2016). The rapid adoption of Facebook among Syrians questions whether it helps in maintaining the social capital of a war-torn nation and a dispersed Syrian population worldwide. Data was collected by means of a Facebook survey from 964 Syrian users. Results indicated that Facebook enhanced social identity and social capital through facilitating communication, collaboration and resource sharing among dispersed Syrians inside and outside the country...
December 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320283/prevention-of-elevated-blood-lead-levels-among-child-refugees-and-other-susceptible-populations
#10
Ellen M Wells
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318998/travel-related-parasitic-infections-in-travellers-to-southeast-asia-and-western-pacific-countries
#11
Eylem Akdur Öztürk, Ayşegül Ünver
In the last decades, there has been a significant increase in international human mobility with increase in the prosperity, travel possibilities, and number of refugees. In the first half of 2016, the Asian continent showed the fastest growth in the number of tourists. Such increase is seen due to the interest in Asian history, culture, and cuisine. In the globalizing world, human mobility causes changes in the epidemiology of diseases and the spread of various infections across continents. Parasitic infections that may pose a risk for travellers to the Asia-Pacific are malaria, leishmaniasis, filariasis, foodborne trematode infections, schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted infections, and tourist diarrhea...
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316209/infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-emergencies-organisational-policies-and-activities-during-the-refugee-crisis-in-lebanon
#12
Linda Shaker-Berbari, Hala Ghattas, Andrew G Symon, Annie S Anderson
Appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) is key to reducing mortality amongst children aged under 2. Facilitating adherence to recommended IYCF practices during emergencies includes having relevant policies to support breastfeeding and complementary feeding as well as regulating the distribution of breast milk substitutes. In the current crisis, more than 1.2 million Syrian refugees are in Lebanon and it is timely to examine organisational IYCF policies and programmes. One hundred and thirty-five non-governmental organisations providing humanitarian aid in Lebanon were invited to participate in an online survey about organisational policies and programmatic activities on IYCF...
January 8, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314513/acceptability-of-opt-out-consent-in-a-hospital-patient-population
#13
Daniel Boulos, Eric Morand, Michelle Foo, Janki Dhaval Trivedi, Ruth Lai, Rachel Huntersmith, Karen Zhang, Claire Brigid Stark, Suong Le
Research has been slow to leverage digitalised medical records as a data resource. Our study assessed patient acceptability of opt-out consent for secondary use of digital patient data. A questionnaire was distributed to patients in multiple languages and with an interpreter. Of 919 completed surveys, 33% were of non-English speaking background, 15% self-reported cognitive impairment and 3% were refugees. Opt-out consent was accepted in this diverse population; 87% of participants approved, or were indifferent to opt-out consent...
January 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314363/experiences-of-registered-nurses-from-a-refugee-background-a-scoping-review
#14
Harrison Ng Chok, Judy Mannix, Cathy Dickson, Lesley Wilkes
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This scoping review presents an exploration of international literature on the factors that impact refugees' personal and professional experiences during their journey to being registered nurses (RNs) in a new host country. BACKGROUND: Governments of host countries receiving refugees seek to develop strategies that facilitate the successful resettlement, employment and enculturation of refugees that arrive as skilled professionals. The scarcity of studies focussing on issues faced by refugees that are RNs or those pursuing nursing registration and employment in a new host country...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311412/extending-a-helping-hand-addressing-hepatitis-c-in-economic-migrants-and-refugees
#15
Jordan J Feld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311411/clinical-findings-of-hcv-chronic-infection-in-undocumented-immigrants-and-low-income-refugees-in-three-areas-of-southern-italy
#16
Evangelista Sagnelli, Loredana Alessio, Caterina Sagnelli, Luciano Gualdieri, Mariantonietta Pisaturo, Carmine Minichini, Giovanni Di Caprio, Mario Starace, Lorenzo Onorato, Gaetano Scotto, Margherita Macera, Nicola Coppola
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: In recent decades, Italy has become a land of immigration from countries suffering a socio-economic crisis. The aim of this study was to perform an organized screening to identify and offer care to immigrants with HCV infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The screening, performed from 2012 to 2015, involved 1,727 immigrants in the Campania and Apulia regions in southern Italy. RESULTS: Screening was accepted by 1,727 (85%) out of 2,032 immigrants interviewed; 70 (4...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310739/molecular-characterisation-of-measles-virus-strains-among-refugees-from-central-african-republic-in-cameroon-in-2014
#17
P K Ndombo, V N Ndze, F D Mbarga, R Anderson, A Acho, J Ebua Chia, A K Njamnshi, P A Rota, D Waku-Kouomou
Measles is a highly infectious human viral disease caused by measles virus (MeV). An estimated 114 900 measles deaths occurred worldwide in 2014. There are currently eight clades (A-H) comprised 24 MeV genotypes. We sought to characterise MeVs among Central African Republic (CAR) refugees during the 2014 measles epidemic in Cameroon. Samples were collected from children <15 years with suspected measles infections in two refugee camps in the east region of Cameroon. Viral RNA was extracted directly from urine samples...
January 9, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306876/migrant-perinatal-depression-study-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-perinatal-depression-on-the-thai-myanmar-border
#18
Gracia Fellmeth, Emma H Plugge, Verena Carrara, Mina Fazel, May May Oo, Yuwapha Phichitphadungtham, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Naw Kerry Wai, Oh Mu, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Raymond Fitzpatrick, Rose Mcgready
PURPOSE: Perinatal depression is a significant contributor to maternal morbidity. Migrant women in resource-poor settings may be at increased risk, yet little research has been conducted in low-income and middle-income settings. This prospective cohort study of migrant women on the Thai-Myanmar border aims to establish prevalence of perinatal depression, identify risk factors for perinatal depression and examine associations with infant outcomes. PARTICIPANTS: Participating women are labour migrants and refugees living on the Thai-Myanmar border...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306505/igg-antibody-prevalence-suggests-high-immunization-needs-in-newcomers-to-luxembourg-2012
#19
Judith M Hübschen, Emilie Charpentier, Pierre Weicherding, Claude P Muller
Vaccine coverage of the general population in Luxembourg is high, but refugees or asylum seekers may be incompletely vaccinated and susceptible to vaccine-preventable diseases. In order to assess protection rates, serum and oral fluid samples were collected from 406 newcomers aged between 13 and 70 years arriving between May and September 2012. Sera were screened for IgG antibodies against measles, rubella, mumps, hepatitis B, tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis. Oral fluid samples were screened for antibodies against measles, mumps and rubella virus to investigate their suitability for antibody prevalence studies...
January 3, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305382/german-doctors-leader-condemns-support-for-refugee-age-tests
#20
Ned Stafford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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