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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646248/-psychiatric-care-of-refugees-in-africa-and-the-middle-east-challenges-and-solutions
#1
REVIEW
K Adorjan, S Mulugeta, M Odenwald, D M Ndetei, A H Osman, M Hautzinger, S Wolf, M Othman, J I Kizilhan, O Pogarell, T G Schulze
Violence, flight, famine, and natural disasters as well as the absence of a psychosocial healthcare system are major psychological burdens for refugees. The level of provision of mental healthcare is particularly low in developing countries. Internally displaced people and refugees place high demands on the healthcare system because they often suffer from psychiatric disorders, such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and substance use disorders. We present first initiatives to improve psychiatric care in refugee camps in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Sudan...
June 23, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645951/effects-of-socioeconomic-factors-on-cardiovascular-related-symptoms-among-residents-in-fukushima-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-cross-sectional-study-using-data-from-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#2
Wen Zhang, Tetsuya Ohira, Seiji Yasumura, Masaharu Maeda, Akira Otsuru, Mayumi Harigane, Naoko Horikoshi, Yuriko Suzuki, Hirooki Yabe, Masato Nagai, Hironori Nakano, Mayumi Hirosaki, Mayu Uemura, Hideto Takahashi, Kenji Kamiya, Shunichi Yamashita, Masafumi Abe
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between socioeconomic factors and the exacerbation of cardiovascular symptoms among evacuees after the Great East Japan Earthquake. METHODS: A sample of 73 433 individuals was included in the Fukushima Health Management Survey. Self-report questionnaires were used to determine the influence of socioeconomic factors including living arrangements, loss of employment and decreased income on the exacerbation of headache, dizziness, palpitations and shortness of breath...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645888/hiv-strategic-information-in-non-european-union-countries-in-the-world-health-organization-european-region-capacity-development-needs
#3
Ivana Bozicevic, Senad Handanagic, Jurja Ivana Cakalo, Annemarie Rinder Stengaard, George Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Capacity building of the national HIV strategic information system is a core component of the response to the HIV epidemic as it enables understanding of the evolving nature of the epidemic, which is critical for program planning and identification of the gaps and deficiencies in HIV programs. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to describe the results of the assessment of the needs for further development of capacities in HIV strategic information systems in the non-European Union (EU) countries in the World Health Organization European Region (EUR)...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644412/a-systematic-review-of-fatalities-related-to-acute-ingestion-of-salt-a-need-for-warning-labels
#4
REVIEW
Norm R C Campbell, Emma J Train
There are sporadic cases of fatalities from acutely eating salt. Yet, on social media, there are "challenges to" and examples of children and some adults acutely eating salt, and recently a charity advocated eating small amounts of salt to empathize with Syrian refugees. We performed a systematic review of fatalities from ingesting salt to assess if relatively moderate doses of salt could be fatal. In 27 reports, there were 35 fatalities documented (19 in adults and 16 in children). The lethal dose was estimated to be less than 10 g of sodium (<5 teaspoons of salt) in two children, and less than 25 g sodium in four adults (<4 tablespoons of salt)...
June 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643271/demographic-predictors-and-cancer-screening-among-asian-americans-in-michigan-role-of-refugee-status
#5
Tsu-Yin Wu, Yeyun Park
Although the Asian American population has steadily increased since 1980s, there remains a paucity of literature on cancer screening utilization on this population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate preventive health and screening practices by examining demographic predictors of health and screening behaviors among 217 Asian Americans living in state of Michigan. Several demographic and acculturation-related factors were found to be associated with "ever screened" status in the bivariate analyses. This included the examination of the relationships among refugee status and cancer screening practices among Asian Americans...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643110/refugee-children-s-sandplay-narratives-in-immigration-detention-in-canada
#6
Rachel Kronick, Cécile Rousseau, Janet Cleveland
Asylum seeking children arriving in Canada regularly face incarceration in medium-security-style immigration detention centres. Research demonstrates the human cost of detaining migrant children and families and the psychiatric burden linked with such imprisonment. This study aims to understand the lived experiences of children aged 3-13 held in detention. Informed by a qualitative methodology of narrative inquiry, child participants created worlds in the sand and generated stories to express their subjective experience...
June 22, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642982/-healthcare-models-for-traumatized-refugees-in-germany
#7
REVIEW
K Adorjan, U Kluge, A Heinz, T Stamm, M Odenwald, K Dohrmann, R Mokhtari-Nejad, A Hasan, T G Schulze, P Falkai, O Pogarell
People with a migration background are a risk group for psychiatric disorders. Innovative, transnational and sustainable projects are necessary to ensure adequate care for refugees and asylum seekers. Selected projects of the University of Munich, the Charité Berlin and the University of Konstanz show promising approaches in addition to other initiatives.
June 22, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641071/giving-it-our-best-shot-human-papillomavirus-and-hepatitis-b-virus-immunization-among-refugees-massachusetts-2011-2013
#8
Rachel Stein Berman, Laura Smock, Megan H Bair-Merritt, Jennifer Cochran, Paul L Geltman
INTRODUCTION: The receipt rate of hepatitis B virus vaccine among adolescents in the United States is high, while the receipt rate of human papillomavirus vaccine is low. Rates have not been closely studied among refugees, whose home countries have high rates of disease caused by these viruses. METHODS: We examined human papillomavirus and hepatitis B virus immunization rates among 2,269 refugees aged 9 to 26 years who resettled in Massachusetts from 2011 through 2013...
June 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637731/the-impact-of-the-asylum-process-on-mental-health-a-longitudinal-study-of-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-in-norway
#9
Marianne Jakobsen, Melinda Ashley Meyer DeMott, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Trond Heir
OBJECTIVES: To examine the mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors prospectively during the asylum-seeking process, with a focus on specific stages in the asylum process, such as age assessment, placement in a supportive or non-supportive facility and final decision on the asylum applications. DESIGN: This was a2½ year follow-up study of unaccompanied minors (UM) seeking asylum in Norway. Data were collected within three weeks (n=138) and at 4 months (n=101), 15 months (n=84) and 26 months (n=69) after arrival...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636462/are-commercial-complementary-food-distributions-to-refugees-and-migrants-in-europe-conforming-to-international-policies-and-guidelines-on-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-emergencies
#10
Melissa Ann Theurich, Veit Grote
In 2015, more than one million migrants and refugees arrived in Europe. Commercial complementary foods, processed foods marketed for infants and young children 6-23 months of age, were distributed by various humanitarian actors along migrant routes and in European refugee camps. Unsolicited donations and distributions of commercial complementary food products were problematic and divergent from international policies on infant and young child feeding during humanitarian emergencies. Interim guidance regarding commercial complementary foods was published during the peak of the emergency but implemented differently by various humanitarian actors...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633697/capacity-strengthening-through-pre-migration-tuberculosis-screening-programmes-irhwg-experiences
#11
P Douglas, D L Posey, D Zenner, J Robson, I Abubakar, G Giovinazzo
Effective tuberculosis (TB) prevention and care for migrants requires population health-based approaches that treat the relationship between migration and health as a progressive, interactive process influenced by many variables and addressed as far upstream in the process as possible. By including capacity building in source countries, pre-migration medical screening has the potential to become an integral component of public health promotion, as well as infection and disease prevention, in migrant-receiving nations, while simultaneously increasing capabilities in countries of origin...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632513/prevalence-and-predictors-of-posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-symptoms-among-syrian-refugees-in-a-refugee-camp
#12
Ceren Acarturk, Mustafa Cetinkaya, Ibrahim Senay, Birgul Gulen, Tamer Aker, Devon Hinton
Turkey is hosting the majority of Syrian refugees. The current study investigates the prevalence of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among adult Syrians residing in a camp (N = 781) and potential predictors. The Impact of Event Scale-Revised was used to measure PTSD and the Beck Depression Inventory depression. Probable PTSD prevalence was 83.4%, with predictors being female sex (odds ratio [OR], 4.1), previous mental health problems (OR, 4.5), life threat (OR, 3.0), and injury of a loved one (OR, 1...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631534/measuring-well-being-in-israel-and-palestine
#13
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Jamal Dagdouke, Loredana Addimando, Shaher Yagi
This work presents the psychometric properties of the Subjective Well-Being Assessment Scale in a sample of 423 participants composed of Israeli Arabs and Palestinians from the West Bank/Gaza Strip. Psychometric assessment of the instrument was based on confirmatory factor analysis. The convergent and discriminant validity of Subjective Well-Being Assessment Scale were also tested via administration of the General Health Questionnaire and the Positive and Negative Affect Scale. The results suggest that Subjective Well-Being Assessment Scale is valid, reliable, and solid from a psychometric point of view and provides an accurate assessment of respondents' well-being...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625284/gender-of-provider-barrier-to-immigrant-women-s-obstetrical-care-a-narrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Christa Aubrey, Radha Chari, B F Peter Mitchell, Zubia Mumtaz
OBJECTIVE: To explore the preference for female obstetrician/gynaecologists among immigrant women, and providers' understandings of these preferences, to identify challenges and potential solutions. METHODS: Five databases (Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Global Health, and Scopus) were searched using combinations of search terms related to immigrant, refugee, or Muslim women and obstetrics or gynaecological provider gender preference. STUDY SELECTION: Peer reviewed, English-language articles were included if they discussed either patient or provider perspectives of women's preference for female obstetrics or gynaecological care provider among immigrant women in Western and non-western settings...
July 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622883/health-related-quality-of-life-of-palestinian-refugees-inside-and-outside-camps-in-jordan
#15
Hamza Alduraidi, Catherine M Waters
BACKGROUND: Jordan hosts more Palestinian refugees than any country in the world. Conditions under which people in a community live influence their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). PURPOSE: The purpose of this descriptive comparative cross-sectional study was to compare HRQOL of Palestinian refugees in Jordan who live inside camps with those who live outside camps. METHODS: Participants, recruited from inside the Baqa'a camp (n = 86) and the surrounding Abu Nsair community (n = 91), completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief questionnaire...
May 26, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620774/-in-my-culture-we-don-t-know-anything-about-that-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-migrant-and-refugee-women
#16
Christine Metusela, Jane Ussher, Janette Perz, Alexandra Hawkey, Marina Morrow, Renu Narchal, Jane Estoesta, Melissa Monteiro
PURPOSE: Migrant and refugee women are at risk of negative sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes due to low utilisation of SRH services. SRH is shaped by socio-cultural factors which can act as barriers to knowledge and influence access to healthcare. Research is needed to examine constructions and experiences of SRH in non-English-speaking migrant and refugee women, across a range of cultural groups. METHOD: This qualitative study examined the constructions and experiences of SRH among recent migrant and refugee women living in Sydney, Australia, and Vancouver, Canada...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620712/challenges-to-the-provision-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-to-refugee-and-migrant-women-a-q-methodological-study-of-health-professional-perspectives
#17
Zelalem B Mengesha, Janette Perz, Tinashe Dune, Jane Ussher
This Q methodological study was conducted to examine the perspectives of health professionals in providing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care to refugee and migrant women. Forty-seven health professionals rank-ordered 42 statements and commented on their rankings in subsequent open-ended questions. A bi-person factor analysis was performed and factors were extracted according to the centroid method with a varimax rotation. Seven factors each with a distinct and meaningful viewpoint were identified. These factors are: "Communication difficulties-hurdles to counselling", "Lack of access to culturally appropriate care", "Navigating SRH care", "Cultural constraints on effective communication", "Effects of the lack of cultural competency", "Impacts of low income and language barrier" and "SRH services are accessible, but not culturally relevant"...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620322/the-relationship-of-complex-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-culturally-distinct-conflict-affected-population-a-study-among-west-papuan-refugees-displaced-to-papua-new-guinea
#18
Derrick Silove, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Moses Kareth, Susan Rees
BACKGROUND: Controversy continues about the validity of the construct of complex post-traumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD). In particular, questions remain whether C-PTSD can be differentiated from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and, secondarily, other common mental disorders. The examination of these issues needs to be expanded to populations of diverse cultural backgrounds exposed to prolonged persecution. We undertake such an inquiry among a community sample of West Papuan refugees exposed to extensive persecution and trauma...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617946/heterogeneity-in-perceptions-of-parenting-among-arab-refugee-adolescents-in-jordan
#19
Judith G Smetana, Ikhlas Ahmad
Heterogeneity in parenting was examined in 883 Arab refugee adolescents in Jordan (Mage  = 15.01 years, SD = 1.60). Latent profile analyses of five parenting dimensions rated separately for mothers and fathers yielded authoritative, authoritarian, indifferent, punitive, and for mothers, permissive profiles, with most mothers (60%) and fathers (66%) classified as authoritative. Parenting was more often authoritative for women than men and punitive (for fathers) or permissive (for mothers) of boys than girls...
June 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617937/resilience-in-context-a-brief-and-culturally-grounded-measure-for-syrian-refugee-and-jordanian-host-community-adolescents
#20
Catherine Panter-Brick, Kristin Hadfield, Rana Dajani, Mark Eggerman, Alastair Ager, Michael Ungar
Validated measures are needed for assessing resilience in conflict settings. An Arabic version of the Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM) was developed and tested in Jordan. Following qualitative work, surveys were implemented with male/female, refugee/nonrefugee samples (N = 603, 11-18 years). Confirmatory factor analyses tested three-factor structures for 28- and 12-item CYRMs and measurement equivalence across groups. CYRM-12 showed measurement reliability and face, content, construct (comparative fit index = ...
June 15, 2017: Child Development
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