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adquired pneumonia

Clara Rosso-Fernández, José Garnacho-Montero, Massimo Antonelli, George Dimopoulos, José Miguel Cisneros
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most common and severe hospital-adquired infections, and multidrugresistant gram-negative bacilli (MDR-GNB) constitute the main etiology in many countries. Inappropriate empiric antimicrobial treatment is associated with increased mortality. In this context, the empirical treatment of choice for VAP is unknown. Colistin, is now the antimicrobial with greatest in vitro activity against MDR-GNB. METHODS/DESIGN: The MagicBullet clinical trial is an investigator-driven clinical study, funded by the Seventh Framework Program of the European Commission...
March 20, 2015: Trials
N Egea, A Merlo, L Esponda, A Cazaux, V H Cambursano, J R Cortés
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary eosinophilia syndrome is characterized by a group of diseases that present clinical-radiological conditions, pulmonary eosinophilia or peripheral lung parenchyma in its evolution. We described the clinical and radiological presentation. METHODS: Retrospective descriptive analysis of medical records of 7 patients between 2007 and 2010. RESULTS: The highest numbers of cases were observed in women, with peripheral eosinophilia with values between 550 and 10,000 cells/mm3...
2014: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
J P F Baptista, P C Casanova, J P A Sousa, P J Martins, A Simões, V Fernandes, J Souto, J J Costa, A Rebelo, L Carvalho, J Pimentel
The Authors present a case of acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP) associated with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome in a previously healthy young adult, medicated with nitrofurantoin. AEP must be included in the differential diagnosis of community adquired pneumonia, as well as a cause of acute respiratory distress syndrome; its diagnosis is suggested by the presence of eosinophilic alveolitis in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. The early diagnosis of AEP and corticosteroid therapy may be lifesaving.
July 2004: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
F A Vaz, M E Ceccon, E M Diniz
UNLABELLED: Chlamydia trachomatis infection is adquired by the newborn infant during the delivery, 25 to 50% of them may develop conjunctivitis and 10 to 20% pneumonia. BACKGROUND: To verify the incidence of ocular infection by C. trachomatis in the newborn infants with conjunctivitis. To observe the association between ocular infection and intersticial pneumonia.-Study the epidemiological aspects and laboratorial methods of criterial diagnosis. CASUISTICS AND METHODS: We studied the newborn infants admitted in the intensive neonatal care with diagnostic of conjunctivitis and/or interstitial pneumonia during the period of ten years...
October 1999: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
V Navarro, A Nieto, B Bernacer, R Borras, C Ferrer
Pneumonia by Pneumocystis carinii (NPC) presents a high incidence in the evolution of patients infected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Common clinical signs include fever, dry cough and dyspnea, in the presence of pulmonar interstitial affection with several degrees of hypoxemia. One hundred and sixteen patients with NPC and infection by HIV were diagnosed between December 1986 and January 1990. Criteria of persistent fever was established in 10 of them (8.7%), with normal thoracic radiography at the time of hospitalization...
February 1992: Anales de Medicina Interna: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna
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