keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Corneal abrasion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319442/evaluation-of-patients-with-facial-palsy-and-ophthalmic-sequelae-a-23-year-retrospective-review
#1
Shannon S Joseph, Andrew W Joseph, Jane I Smith, Leslie M Niziol, David C Musch, Christine C Nelson
PURPOSE: Facial palsy (FP) can result in serious ophthalmic sequelae including loss of vision. We describe the clinical characteristics of FP patients presenting for ophthalmologic evaluation and the timing for initiating ophthalmologic care. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 96 consecutive FP patients presenting between 1992 and 2015 at a tertiary eye center. The main outcome measures were time interval from the diagnosis of FP and onset of ocular symptoms to the initial ophthalmologic evaluation (IOE), and the severity of exposure keratopathy and eyelid malposition on IOE...
March 20, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314419/eye-and-orbital-injuries-in-sports
#2
REVIEW
Jonathan A Micieli, Michael Easterbrook
Sports-related eye and orbital injuries continue to occur regularly and may have serious consequences. They are completely preventable when appropriate protection is worn, particularly with polycarbonate lenses. Eye protection is available for most sports and should be worn in accordance with the standards of regional authorities. It is important for first responders to identify red flags in the history and physical examination of an injured athlete for urgent referral to an ophthalmologist. Common sports-related eye injuries include corneal abrasion, subconjunctival hemorrhage, hyphema, vitreous hemorrhage, retinal tears and detachment...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288269/topical-cryopreserved-amniotic-membrane-and-umbilical-cord-eye-drops-promote-re-epithelialization-in-a-murine-corneal-abrasion-model
#3
Sean Tighe, Hamid-Reza Moein, Lorraine Chua, Anny Cheng, Pedram Hamrah, Scheffer C G Tseng
Purpose: To evaluate morselized amniotic membrane and umbilical cord (AMUC) eye drops in promoting corneal re-epithelialization. Methods: Following a 2-mm diameter central epithelial wound in one eye of 48 normal C57BL/6 mouse corneas, 10 μL of saline with (n = 24) or without (n = 24) AMUC was applied three times a day for 6 days. The corneal epithelial defect was measured using 0.1% fluorescein, while corneal epithelial regularity was measured by assessment of a reflected light off the corneal surface...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259132/alterations-in-tear-biochemistry-associated-with-postanesthetic-chronic-dry-eye-syndrome
#4
E Yu Zernii, M O Golovastova, V E Baksheeva, E I Kabanova, I E Ishutina, O S Gancharova, A E Gusev, M S Savchenko, A P Loboda, L F Sotnikova, A A Zamyatnin, P P Philippov, I I Senin
Perioperative dry eye syndrome (DES) is a common ocular complication of long-term general anesthesia. Chronic DES can lead to permanent damage to the cornea and disturbance of visual function, up to total loss of vision. Here, a relationship between the duration of general anesthesia and the risk of chronic DES in patients was demonstrated. Using an experimental model of perioperative corneal abrasions in rabbits, it was found that introduction of animals to 3-h general anesthesia resulted in clinically significant chronic damage to the cornea in 50% of cases...
December 2016: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221291/ophthalmic-manifestations-of-facial-dog-bites-in-children
#5
Emily M Bratton, Liliya Golas, Leslie A Wei, Brett W Davies, Vikram D Durairaj
PURPOSE: To characterize ophthalmic manifestations and periocular injuries of pediatric facial dog bites. METHODS: A retrospective review of all children younger than 18 years who sought medical attention after a dog bite to the face between January 1, 2003 and May 22, 2014 was performed at a large tertiary pediatric hospital. Data on type and location of injury, surgical intervention, and complications were collected. RESULTS: A total of 1,989 children aged 0...
February 17, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187472/-epi-bowman-keratectomy-clinical-evaluation-of-a-new-method-of-surface-ablation
#6
S Taneri, S Kießler, A Rost, T Schultz, M Elling, B Dick
Purpose A new device for epithelial abrasion before excimer laser surface ablation or corneal cross-linking (CXL) has recently been introduced (Epi-Clear™, Orca Surgical, Kiryat-Shmona, Israel). We have reviewed the literature on the clinical results, potential benefits and drawbacks of this instrument, compared to other methods of epithelial removal. Method Literature search for "Epi-Bowman Keratectomy", "Epi-clear", and "Epikeratome" yielded 1 peer-review publication, 1 non-peer-review publication, 18 posters and presentations at international conferences (European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons [ESCRS] and American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery [ASCRS]) on the use of the Epi-Clear™ device before surface ablation, 2 posters on the use of Epi-Clear before corneal crosslinking and 1 presentation on the experimental use of Epi-Clear for removal of a pterygium...
February 10, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120849/ccr2-and-ccr2-corneal-macrophages-exhibit-distinct-characteristics-and-balance-inflammatory-responses-after-epithelial-abrasion
#7
J Liu, Y Xue, D Dong, C Xiao, C Lin, H Wang, F Song, T Fu, Z Wang, J Chen, H Pan, Y Li, D Cai, Z Li
Macrophages are distributed throughout the body and are crucial for the restoration of damaged tissues. However, their characteristics in the cornea and roles in the repair of corneal injures are unclear. Here we show that corneal macrophages can be classified as CCR2(-) macrophages, which already exist in the cornea at embryonic day 12.5 (E12.5) and are similar to yolk sac-derived macrophages, microglia, in phenotype and gene expression, and CCR2(+) macrophages, which do not appear in the cornea until E17...
January 25, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106291/ocular-effects-of-sulfur-mustard-and-therapeutic-approaches-a-review
#8
Yunes Panahi, Seyyed Mahdi Rajaee, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Sulfur mustard (SM) is a strong blistering, highly reactive, lipophilic chemical war agent that causes injury in different organs including the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. The Eyes are especially susceptible to the consequences of SM poisoning because of the aqueous and mucosal nature of conjunctiva and cornea. DNA alkylation and depletion of glutathione, are the most important mechanisms of SM action in the eye injuries. Acute clinical symptoms are including decrease in visual acuity, dryness, photophobia, blepharospasm, conjunctivitis and complaints of foreign body sensation and soreness that gradually progress to severe ocular pain...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097921/how-to-care-for-a-patient-s-eyes-in-critical-care-settings
#9
Janet Marsden, Richard Davies
Rationale and key points Eye care is an important aspect of the nursing management of patients who are critically ill. All patients in acute care settings with absent or compromised eye defence mechanisms are at risk of eye complications and ocular surface disease. This article aims to assist nurses to care for the eyes of patients in critical care settings to enable early detection and routine management of ophthalmic issues, thereby avoiding visual compromise on patient discharge from critical care settings...
December 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026813/-mechanisms-of-perioperative-corneal-abrasions-alterations-in-tear-film-proteome
#10
E Yu Zernii, O S Gancharova, I E Ishutina, V E Baksheeva, M O Golovastova, E I Kabanova, M S Savchenko, M V Serebryakova, L F Sotnikova, A A Zamyatnin, P P Philippov, I I Senin
Perioperative corneal abrasion is an ophthalmic complication commonly found in patients underwent general anesthesia. In this study, correlations between development of corneal injury and proteomic changes in tear film during general anesthesia were examined using an animal (rabbit) model. Being started after 1-h anesthesia, the process of accumulation of pathological changes in the cornea unequivocally led clinically significant abrasions following 3-6 h of the narcosis. The corneal damage was associated with alterations in profiles of major proteins of the tear film...
November 2016: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989569/comparison-of-the-effects-of-various-lubricant-eye-drops-on-the-in-vitro-rabbit-corneal-healing-and-toxicity
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
R Michael Dutescu, Claudia Panfil, Norbert Schrage
Ingredients of lubricant eye drops are potentially harmful to the ocular surface. The products Optive, Optive Fusion, Neopt were tested regarding corneal irritability versus Vismed Multi and 0.01% benzalkonium chloride as negative and positive control, respectively. Formulas (30-40μl per hour) were applied hourly in-vitro for six days on rabbit corneas (n=5, per product) cultured in artificial anterior chambers (EVEIT system). Initially, four corneal abrasions (2.4-4.6mm(2)) were induced. All defects were monitored during drop application by fluorescein stains and photographs...
March 2, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893577/a-novel-classification-system-for-injuries-after-electronic-cigarette-explosions
#12
Scott B Patterson, Allison R Beckett, Alicia Lintner, Carly Leahey, Ashley Greer, Sidney B Brevard, Jon D Simmons, Steven A Kahn
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) contain lithium batteries that have been known to explode and/or cause fires that have resulted in burn injury. The purpose of this article is to present a case study, review injuries caused by e-cigarettes, and present a novel classification system from the newly emerging patterns of burns. A case study was presented and online media reports for e-cigarette burns were queried with search terms "e-cigarette burns" and "electronic cigarette burns." The reports and injury patterns were tabulated...
January 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856946/eye-trauma-in-laurel-and-hardy-movies-another-nice-mess
#13
Lara DA Zegers, Richard Hc Zegers
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: One of the characteristics in Laurel and Hardy films is a lot of physical violence. The present study examines the occurrence of eye trauma in Laurel and Hardy movies and discusses the impact they could have been had if the films were set in reality. METHODS AND RESULTS: All 92 movies starring Laurel and Hardy as a pair in leading roles were watched together by the authors and were scored for any eye trauma. Eighty-eight eye traumas happened, of which 48% were directed at Hardy...
November 2016: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818315/il-20-promotes-epithelial-healing-of-the-injured-mouse-cornea
#14
Wanyu Zhang, Sri Magadi, Zhijie Li, C Wayne Smith, Alan R Burns
After corneal epithelial injury, the ensuing inflammatory response is necessary for efficient wound healing. While beneficial healing effects are attributed to recruited neutrophils and platelets, dysregulated inflammation (too little or too much) is associated with impaired wound healing. The purpose of this study was to use an established C57BL/6J mouse model of corneal injury to evaluate the potential modulatory role of interleukin-20 (IL-20) on the inflammatory and healing responses to epithelial wounding...
January 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766386/-botulinum-toxin-a%C3%A2-induced-protective-ptosis-for-the-treatment-of-recurrent-epithelial-defects-in-neurotrophic-keratopathy
#15
A Schilimow, B Wiechens
In this article, a case of recurrent epithelial defects in neurotrophic keratopathy is described. Multiple abrasions of the corneal epithelium with a therapeutic contact lens, corneal stitches, and amniotic membrane transplantation in combination with artificial tears brought only short-term success. However, a botulinum toxin A induced protective ptosis could finally achieve permanent epithelial closure. As this case shows, protective ptosis can be a promising approach in spite of multiple previous ineffective therapeutic efforts...
October 20, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759581/outcomes-of-an-intravitreal-injection-clinic
#16
Elizabeth A Atchison, Ahmed F Omar, Raymond Iezzi, Andrew J Barkmeier, Sophie J Bakri
PURPOSE: To examine the safety outcomes of an intravitreal injection-only clinic where patients needing long-term anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy are treated with injections at a predetermined interval for a set number of injections without an accompanying clinic visit. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of all patients with exudative macular degeneration treated in an intravitreal injection clinic over a 4-year period. Data on the outcome measures of interest were gathered from electronic medical records...
October 18, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601872/correlation-between-weather-and-incidence-of-selected-ophthalmological-diagnoses-a-database-analysis
#17
Christoph Kern, Karsten Kortüm, Michael Müller, Florian Raabe, Wolfgang Johann Mayer, Siegfried Priglinger, Thomas Christian Kreutzer
PURPOSE: Our aim was to correlate the overall patient volume and the incidence of several ophthalmological diseases in our emergency department with weather data. PATIENTS AND METHODS: For data analysis, we used our clinical data warehouse and weather data. We investigated the weekly overall patient volume and the average weekly incidence of all encoded diagnoses of "conjunctivitis", "foreign body", "acute iridocyclitis", and "corneal abrasion". A Spearman's correlation was performed to link these data with the weekly average sunshine duration, temperature, and wind speed...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599540/utilization-of-ophthalmology-specific-emergency-department-services
#18
Jayanth Sridhar, Ryan F Isom, Joyce C Schiffman, Luz Ajuria, Laura C Huang, Daniel Gologorsky, James T Banta
OBJECTIVE: To describe utilization trends of an ophthalmology-specific emergency department (ED). METHODS: Prospective cohort study of new patients presenting in the ophthalmology ED for at least a 30-day period in the spring of each year for five consecutive years (2010-14) at a university referral center. A data form, including information about the ED visit and patient demographics, was included in each patient chart. Data were analyzed with Pearson chi-square test and multiple logistic regression...
September 6, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584715/effect-of-a-matrix-therapy-agent-on-corneal-epithelial-healing-after-standard-collagen-cross-linking-in-patients-with-keratoconus-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Ahmed M Bata, Katarzyna J Witkowska, Piotr A Wozniak, Klemens Fondi, Gerald Schmidinger, Niklas Pircher, Stephan Szegedi, Valentin Aranha Dos Santos, Anca Pantalon, René M Werkmeister, Gerhard Garhofer, Leopold Schmetterer, Doreen Schmidl
Importance: Corneal abrasions are frequent after standard (epithelium-off [epi-off]) corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in patients with progressive keratoconus. A new matrix therapy agent (ReGeneraTing Agent [RGTA]) has been developed to promote corneal wound healing. Objective: To assess the effect of the new type of matrix therapy agent on corneal wound healing after epi-off CXL in patients with keratoconus. Design, Setting, and Participants: This double-masked randomized clinical trial enrolled 40 patients with keratoconus undergoing epi-off CXL from July 18, 2014, to October 21, 2015, when the last follow-up was completed...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583662/abrasions-planned-defects-and-persistent-epithelial-defects-in-corneal-epithelial-wound-healing
#20
Bennie H Jeng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
keyword
keyword
55170
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"