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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498538/hanging-out-with-the-right-crowd-peer-influence-on-risk-taking-behavior-in-adolescence
#1
Jorien Van Hoorn, Eveline A Crone, Linda Van Leijenhorst
Peer influence plays a key role in the increase of risk-taking behavior during adolescence. However, its underlying processes are not fully understood. This study examined the effects of social norms, conveyed through peer advice, on risk-taking behavior in 15- to 17-year-old adolescents (N = 76). Participants played a card-guessing task alone and with online peer advice. Results showed that risk-taking increased in the presence of peers. The results further showed that adolescents took into account the uncertainty associated with gambles, as well as the social norms conveyed by peers...
March 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484974/peers-influence-prosocial-behavior-in-adolescent-males-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#2
Jorien Van Hoorn, Eric Van Dijk, Eveline A Crone, Lex Stockmann, Carolien Rieffe
Peer influence has a profound impact on decision-making in typically developing adolescents. In this study, we examined to what extent adolescent males (age 11-17 years; N = 144) with and without autism (ASD) were influenced by peer feedback on prosocial behavior, and which factors were related to individual differences in peer feedback sensitivity. In a public goods game, participants made decisions about the allocation of tokens between themselves and their group-in absence or presence of peer feedback...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474292/brain-activation-upon-ideal-body-media-exposure-and-peer-feedback-in-late-adolescent-girls
#3
Mara van der Meulen, Jolanda Veldhuis, Barbara R Braams, Sabine Peters, Elly A Konijn, Eveline A Crone
Media's prevailing thin-body ideal plays a vital role in adolescent girls' body image development, but the co-occurring impact of peer feedback is understudied. The present study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to test media imagery and peer feedback combinations on neural activity related to thin-body ideals. Twenty-four healthy female late adolescents rated precategorized body sizes of bikini models (too thin or normal), directly followed by ostensible peer feedback (too thin or normal)...
May 4, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464012/nano-sized-al2o3-reduces-acute-toxic-effects-of-thiacloprid-on-the-non-biting-midge-chironomus-riparius
#4
Carla S Lorenz, Anna-J Wicht, Leyla Guluzada, Leilei Luo, Leonie Jäger, Barbara Crone, Uwe Karst, Rita Triebskorn, Yucang Liang, Reiner Anwander, Stefan B Haderlein, Carolin Huhn, Heinz-R Köhler
This study focuses on interactions between nanoparticles and a pesticide. The aim was to investigate how nano-sized aluminum oxide (410 nm) can alter the toxic effects of thiacloprid, even if no sorption between particles and the insecticide takes place. Thus, our study investigated a rather unexplored interaction. We conducted our research with larvae of Chironomus riparius and used thiacloprid as test substance as its toxicity to C. riparius is well described. The used nano-Al2O3 particles where chosen due to their suitable properties...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455887/human-adipose-stromal-cell-therapy-improves-survival-and-reduces-renal-inflammation-and-capillary-rarefaction-in-acute-kidney-injury
#5
Jason A Collett, Dmitry O Traktuev, Purvi Mehrotra, Allison Crone, Stephanie Merfeld-Clauss, Keith L March, David P Basile
Damage to endothelial cells contributes to acute kidney injury (AKI) by causing impaired perfusion, while the permanent loss of the capillary network following AKI has been suggested to promote chronic kidney disease. Therefore, strategies to protect renal vasculature may impact both short-term recovery and long-term functional preservation post-AKI. Human adipose stromal cells (hASCs) possess pro-angiogenic and anti-inflammatory properties and therefore have been tested as a therapeutic agent to treat ischaemic conditions...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448001/repeated-measurement-of-respiratory-muscle-activity-and-ventilation-in-mouse-models-of-neuromuscular-disease
#6
Victoria N Jensen, Shannon H Romer, Sarah M Turner, Steven A Crone
Accessory respiratory muscles help to maintain ventilation when diaphragm function is impaired. The following protocol describes a method for repeated measurements over weeks or months of accessory respiratory muscle activity while simultaneously measuring ventilation in a non-anesthetized, freely behaving mouse. The technique includes the surgical implantation of a radio transmitter and the insertion of electrode leads into the scalene and trapezius muscles to measure the electromyogram activity of these inspiratory muscles...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409087/favourable-outcomes-of-a-preventive-screening-and-counselling-programme-for-older-people-in-underprivileged-areas-in-the-netherlands-the-primus-project
#7
D J Annemarie van Dijk, Matty R Crone, Pepijn van Empelen, Willem J Assendelft, Barend J Middelkoop
An aging population is associated with an increased prevalence of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and depression. Important aspects of programmes targeted at older people are: to reach those at risk, effective screening, optimising advice, and referral to local interventions. We examined the effect of a preventive health consultation (PRIMUS), a multi-behavioural screening programme for persons aged 55-74 years in primary care. In a multi-centre randomised controlled trial, the effects of participating in the PRIMUS intervention were compared to a comparison group receiving personalised summaries and advice by postal mail, both preceded by a health risk assessment via a questionnaire...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361504/ask-women-living-with-hiv-what-s-needed-to-achieve-safe-pregnancies-in-serodifferent-relationships
#8
Luisa Orza, Susan Bewley, E Tyler Crone, Lillian Mworeko, Angelina Namiba, Teresia Otieno, Marijo Vazquez, Alice Welbourn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326160/the-neural-correlates-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-the-ability-to-understand-mental-states-of-others
#9
Charlotte C van Schie, Anne-Laura van Harmelen, Kirsten Hauber, Albert Boon, Eveline A Crone, Bernet M Elzinga
Background: Emotional abuse and emotional neglect are related to impaired interpersonal functioning. One underlying mechanism could be a developmental delay in mentalizing, the ability to understand other people's thoughts and emotions. Objective: This study investigates the neural correlates of mentalizing and the specific relationship with emotional abuse and neglect whilst taking into account the level of sexual abuse, physical abuse and physical neglect. Method: The RMET was performed in an fMRI scanner by 46 adolescents (Age: M = 18...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285127/the-neural-and-behavioral-correlates-of-social-evaluation-in-childhood
#10
Michelle Achterberg, Anna C K van Duijvenvoorde, Mara van der Meulen, Saskia Euser, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Eveline A Crone
Being accepted or rejected by peers is highly salient for developing social relations in childhood. We investigated the behavioral and neural correlates of social feedback and subsequent aggression in 7-10-year-old children, using the Social Network Aggression Task (SNAT). Participants viewed pictures of peers that gave positive, neutral or negative feedback to the participant's profile. Next, participants could blast a loud noise towards the peer, as an index of aggression. We included three groups (N=19, N=28 and N=27) and combined the results meta-analytically...
February 27, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262032/-book-reviews
#11
Ilke Crone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242797/development-of-the-cerebral-cortex-across-adolescence-a-multisample-study-of-inter-related-longitudinal-changes-in-cortical-volume-surface-area-and-thickness
#12
Christian K Tamnes, Megan M Herting, Anne-Lise Goddings, Rosa Meuwese, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, Ronald E Dahl, Berna Güroğlu, Armin Raznahan, Elizabeth R Sowell, Eveline A Crone, Kathryn L Mills
Before we can assess and interpret how developmental changes in human brain structure relate to cognition, affect, and motivation, and how these processes are perturbed in clinical or at-risk populations, we must first precisely understand typical brain development and how changes in different structural components relate to each other. We conducted a multisample magnetic resonance imaging study to investigate the development of cortical volume, surface area, and thickness, as well as their inter-relationships, from late childhood to early adulthood (7-29 years) using four separate longitudinal samples including 388 participants and 854 total scans...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228590/a-polymorphism-within-the-internal-fusion-loop-of-the-ebola-virus-glycoprotein-modulates-host-cell-entry
#13
Markus Hoffmann, Lisa Crone, Erik Dietzel, Jennifer Paijo, Mariana González-Hernández, Inga Nehlmeier, Ulrich Kalinke, Stephan Becker, Stefan Pöhlmann
The large scale of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa in 2013-2016 raised the question whether the host cell interactions of the responsible Ebola virus (EBOV) strain differed from those of other ebolaviruses. We previously reported that the glycoprotein (GP) of the virus circulating in West Africa in 2014 (EBOV2014) exhibited reduced ability to mediate entry into two nonhuman primate (NHP)-derived cell lines relative to the GP of EBOV1976. Here, we investigated the molecular determinants underlying the differential entry efficiency...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228404/endothelial-colony-forming-cells-ameliorate-endothelial-dysfunction-via-secreted-factors-following-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#14
Jason A Collett, Purvi Mehrotra, Allison Crone, W Christopher Shelley, Mervin C Yoder, David P Basile
Damage to endothelial cells contributes to acute kidney injury (AKI) by leading to impaired perfusion. Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) are endothelial precursor cells with high proliferative capacity, pro-angiogenic activity, and in vivo vessel forming potential. We hypothesized that ECFCs may ameliorate the degree of AKI and/or promote repair of the renal vasculature following ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Rat pulmonary microvascular ECs (PMVEC) with high proliferative potential were compared with pulmonary artery ECs (PAEC) with low proliferative potential in rats subjected to renal I/R...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225156/presurgical-language-localization-with-visual-naming-associated-ecog-high-gamma-modulation-in-pediatric-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#15
Ravindra Arya, J Adam Wilson, Hisako Fujiwara, Leonid Rozhkov, James L Leach, Anna W Byars, Hansel M Greiner, Jennifer Vannest, Jason Buroker, Griffin Milsap, Brian Ervin, Ali Minai, Paul S Horn, Katherine D Holland, Francesco T Mangano, Nathan E Crone, Douglas F Rose
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study compared presurgical language localization with visual naming-associated high-γ modulation (HGM) and conventional electrical cortical stimulation (ECS) in children with intracranial electrodes. METHODS: Patients with drug-resistant epilepsy who were undergoing intracranial monitoring were included if able to name pictures. Electrocorticography (ECoG) signals were recorded during picture naming (overt and covert) and quiet baseline...
April 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214680/exploring-the-role-of-testosterone-in-the-cerebellum-link-to-neuroticism-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood
#16
Dennis J L G Schutter, Rosa Meuwese, Marieke G N Bos, Eveline A Crone, Jiska S Peper
Previous research has found an association between a smaller cerebellar volume and higher levels of neuroticism. The steroid hormone testosterone reduces stress responses and the susceptibility to negative mood. Together with in vitro studies showing a positive effect of testosterone on cerebellar gray matter volumes, we set out to explore the role of testosterone in the relation between cerebellar gray matter and neuroticism. Structural magnetic resonance imaging scans were acquired, and indices of neurotic personality traits were assessed by administering the depression and anxiety scale of the revised NEO personality inventory and Gray's behavioural avoidance in one hundred and forty-nine healthy volunteers between 12 and 27 years of age...
January 29, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193112/longitudinal-outcomes-in-the-2014-acute-flaccid-paralysis-cluster-in-canada
#17
Carmen Yea, Ari Bitnun, Joan Robinson, Aleksandra Mineyko, Michelle Barton, Jean K Mah, Jiri Vajsar, Susan Richardson, Christoph Licht, Jason Brophy, Megan Crone, Shalini Desai, Juliette Hukin, Kevin Jones, Katherine Muir, Jeffrey M Pernica, Robert Pless, Daniela Pohl, Mubeen F Rafay, Kathryn Selby, Sunita Venkateswaran, Geneviève Bernard, E Ann Yeh
We describe the presenting features and long-term outcome of an unusual cluster of pediatric acute flaccid paralysis cases that occurred in Canada during the 2014 enterovirus D68 outbreak. Children (n = 25; median age 7.8 years) presenting to Canadian centers between July 1 and October 31, 2014, and who met diagnostic criteria for acute flaccid paralysis were evaluated retrospectively. The predominant presenting features included prodromal respiratory illness (n = 22), cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytic pleocytosis (n = 18), pain in neck/back (n = 14) and extremities (n = 10), bowel/bladder dysfunction (n = 9), focal central gray matter lesions found in all regions of the spinal cord within the cohort (n = 16), brain stem lesions (n = 8), and bulbar symptoms (n = 5)...
March 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174525/cardiac-signals-are-independently-associated-with-temporal-discounting-and-time-perception
#18
Bowen J Fung, Damien L Crone, Stefan Bode, Carsten Murawski
Cardiac signals reflect the function of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and have previously been associated with a range of self-regulatory behaviors such as emotion regulation and memory recall. It is unknown whether cardiac signals may also be associated with self-regulation in the temporal domain, in particular impulsivity. We assessed both decision impulsivity (temporal discounting, TD) and time perception impulsivity (duration reproduction, DR) in 120 participants while they underwent electrocardiography in order to test whether cardiac signals were related to these two aspects of impulsivity...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160981/corrigendum-to-significance-of-dissolved-methane-in-effluents-of-anaerobically-treated-low-strength-wastewater-and-potential-for-recovery-as-an-energy-product-a-review-water-res-104-2016-520-531
#19
Brian C Crone, Jay L Garland, George A Sorial, Leland M Vane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159355/neural-perspectives-on-cognitive-control-development-during-childhood-and-adolescence
#20
REVIEW
Eveline A Crone, Nikolaus Steinbeis
Since the discovery that patients with damage to the prefrontal cortex (PFC) show similar deficits in cognitive control as young children, the PFC model of cognitive control development has been a popular description of how cognitive control emerges over time. In this review, we show that not only do many studies support this model, but also that more specific models of PFC development can be formulated, according to the functional roles of subregions and by taking into account the distinctions within ventral-dorsal and lateral-medial PFC...
January 31, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
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