keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Research Proposal on stress

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731624/risk-for-postpartum-depression-among-immigrant-arabic-women-in-the-united-states-a-feasibility-study
#1
Dalia Alhasanat, Judith Fry-McComish, Hossein N Yarandi
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects approximately 14% of women in the United States and 10% to 37% of Arabic women in the Middle East. Evidence suggests that immigrant women experience higher rates, but information on PPD among immigrant women of Arabic descent in the United States is nonexistent. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive feasibility study was conducted to assess the practicality of implementing a larger proposed research study to examine predictors of PPD in US immigrant women of Arabic descent residing in Dearborn, Michigan...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730459/fetal-programming-as-a-predictor-of-adult-health-or-disease-the-need-to-reevaluate-fetal-heart-function
#2
REVIEW
Joana O Miranda, Carla Ramalho, Tiago Henriques-Coelho, José Carlos Areias
Epidemiologic and experimental evidence suggests that adverse stimuli during critical periods in utero permanently alters organ structure and function and may have persistent consequences for the long-term health of the offspring. Fetal hypoxia, maternal malnutrition, or ventricular overloading are among the major adverse conditions that can compromise cardiovascular development in early life. With the heart as a central organ in fetal adaptive mechanisms, a deeper understanding of the fetal cardiovascular physiology and of the echocardiographic tools to assess both normal and stressed pregnancies would give precious information on fetal well-being and hopefully may help in early identification of special risk groups for cardiovascular diseases later in life...
July 20, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717028/the-norepinephrine-metabolite-3-4-dihydroxymandelic-acid-is-produced-by-the-commensal-microbiota-and-promotes-chemotaxis-and-virulence-gene-expression-in-enterohemorrhagic-escherichia-coli
#3
Nitesh Sule, Sasi Pasupuleti, Nandita Kohli, Rani Menon, Lawrence J Dangott, Michael D Manson, Arul Jayaraman
Enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) is a commonly occuring foodborne pathogen responsible for numerous multistate outbreaks in the US. It is known to infect the host gastrointestinal tract, specifically in locations associated with lymphoid tissue. These niches serve as sources of enteric neurotransmitters such as epinephrine and norepinephrine that are known to increase virulence in several pathogens, including enterohemorrhagic E. coli The mechanisms that allow pathogens to target these niches are poorly understood...
July 17, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714927/development-and-application-of-a-structural-health-monitoring-system-based-on-wireless-smart-aggregates
#4
Shi Yan, Haoyan Ma, Peng Li, Gangbing Song, Jianxin Wu
Structural health monitoring (SHM) systems can improve the safety and reliability of structures, reduce maintenance costs, and extend service life. Research on concrete SHMs using piezoelectric-based smart aggregates have reached great achievements. However, the newly developed techniques have not been widely applied in practical engineering, largely due to the wiring problems associated with large-scale structural health monitoring. The cumbersome wiring requires much material and labor work, and more importantly, the associated maintenance work is also very heavy...
July 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713404/genome-wide-identification-and-analysis-of-genes-conserved-between-japonica-and-indica-rice-cultivars-that-respond-to-low-temperature-stress-at-the-vegetative-growth-stage
#5
Manu Kumar, Yun-Shil Gho, Ki-Hong Jung, Seong-Ryong Kim
Cold stress is very detrimental to crop production. However, only a few genes in rice have been identified with known functions related to cold tolerance. To meet this agronomic challenge more effectively, researchers must take global approaches to select useful candidate genes and find the major regulatory factors. We used five Gene expression omnibus series data series of Affymetrix array data, produced with cold stress-treated samples from the NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/), and identified 502 cold-inducible genes common to both japonica and indica rice cultivars...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713306/parenting-with-ptsd-a-review-of-research-on-the-influence-of-ptsd-on-parent-child-functioning-in-military-and-veteran-families
#6
REVIEW
Suzannah K Creech, Gabriela Misca
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is strongly associated with exposure to war related trauma in military and veteran populations. In growing recognition that PTSD may influence and be influenced by social support and family systems, research has begun to explore the effects that war related trauma and the ensuing PTSD may have on varied aspects of close relationship and family functioning. Far less research, however, has examined the influence of war-related PTSD on parent-child functioning in this population...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713094/the-use-of-various-models-of-chronic-immobilization-stress-in-experimental-studies
#7
Mykhailo M Koptev, Nataliia I Vynnyk
INTRODUCTION: Stress is defined as a complex of protective and disturbing responses of the organism, generated in the process of the evolution, which occur as a result of neuroendocrine and metabolic alterations in response to the impact of emergency or pathological factors. Hence, stress is an important link of the adaptive mechanism; however, its adverse course can contribute to pathogenesis of many diseases. The problem of stress, which has been under study for years, is still a relevant topic to be investigated...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701967/a-novel-integrating-virtual-reality-approach-for-the-assessment-of-the-attachment-behavioral-system
#8
Irene Alice Chicchi Giglioli, Gabriella Pravettoni, Dolores Lucia Sutil Martín, Elena Parra, Mariano A Raya
Virtual reality (VR) technology represents a novel and powerful tool for behavioral research in psychological assessment. VR provides simulated experiences able to create the sensation of undergoing real situations. Users become active participants in the virtual environment seeing, hearing, feeling, and actuating as if they were in the real world. Currently, the most psychological VR applications concern the treatment of various mental disorders but not the assessment, that it is mainly based on paper and pencil tests...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698579/industrial-water-resources-management-based-on-violation-risk-analysis-of-the-total-allowable-target-on-wastewater-discharge
#9
Wencong Yue, Yanpeng Cai, Linyu Xu, Zhifeng Yang, Xin'An Yin, Meirong Su
To improve the capabilities of conventional methodologies in facilitating industrial water allocation under uncertain conditions, an integrated approach was developed through the combination of operational research, uncertainty analysis, and violation risk analysis methods. The developed approach can (a) address complexities of industrial water resources management (IWRM) systems, (b) facilitate reflections of multiple uncertainties and risks of the system and incorporate them into a general optimization framework, and (c) manage robust actions for industrial productions in consideration of water supply capacity and wastewater discharging control...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695528/never-forget-negative-emotional-valence-enhances-recapitulation
#10
Holly J Bowen, Sarah M Kark, Elizabeth A Kensinger
A hallmark feature of episodic memory is that of "mental time travel," whereby an individual feels they have returned to a prior moment in time. Cognitive and behavioral neuroscience methods have revealed a neurobiological counterpart: Successful retrieval often is associated with reactivation of a prior brain state. We review the emerging literature on memory reactivation and recapitulation, and we describe evidence for the effects of emotion on these processes. Based on this review, we propose a new model: Negative Emotional Valence Enhances Recapitulation (NEVER)...
July 10, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689041/exposure-and-non-fear-emotions-a-randomized-controlled-study-of-exposure-based-and-rescripting-based-imagery-in-ptsd-treatment
#11
Tomas Formo Langkaas, Asle Hoffart, Tuva Øktedalen, Pål G Ulvenes, Elizabeth A Hembree, Mervin Smucker
Interventions involving rescripting-based imagery have been proposed as a better approach than exposure-based imagery when posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with emotions other than fear. Prior research led to the study's hypotheses that (a) higher pretreatment non-fear emotions would predict relatively better response to rescripting as compared to exposure, (b) rescripting would be associated with greater reduction in non-fear emotions, and (c) pretreatment non-fear emotions would predict poor response to exposure...
June 28, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682444/selecting-a-skilled-nursing-facility-for-postacute-care-individual-and-family-perspectives
#12
Emily A Gadbois, Denise A Tyler, Vincent Mor
OBJECTIVES: To describe individuals' experiences during the hospital discharge planning and skilled nursing facility (SNF) selection process. DESIGN: Semistructured interviews focusing on discharge planning and nursing facility selection, including how facilities were chosen, who was involved, and what factors were important in decision-making. SETTING: 14 SNFs in five cities across the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Newly admitted, previously community-dwelling SNF residents (N = 98) and their family members...
July 6, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678690/emotional-freedom-techniques-to-treat-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-veterans-review-of-the-evidence-survey-of-practitioners-and-proposed-clinical-guidelines
#13
Dawson Church, Sheri Stern, Elizabeth Boath, Antony Stewart, David Feinstein, Morgan Clond
BACKGROUND: High prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in active military and veterans present a treatment challenge. Many PTSD studies have demonstrated the efficacy and safety of Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT). OBJECTIVES: To develop clinical best practice guidelines for the use of EFT to treat PTSD, on the basis of the published literature, practitioner experience, and typical case histories. METHODS: We surveyed 448 EFT practitioners to gather information on their experiences with PTSD treatment...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676734/fuzzy-decision-making-fuser-fdmf-for-integrating-human-machine-autonomous-hma-systems-with-adaptive-evidence-sources
#14
Yu-Ting Liu, Nikhil R Pal, Amar R Marathe, Yu-Kai Wang, Chin-Teng Lin
A brain-computer interface (BCI) creates a direct communication pathway between the human brain and an external device or system. In contrast to patient-oriented BCIs, which are intended to restore inoperative or malfunctioning aspects of the nervous system, a growing number of BCI studies focus on designing auxiliary systems that are intended for everyday use. The goal of building these BCIs is to provide capabilities that augment existing intact physical and mental capabilities. However, a key challenge to BCI research is human variability; factors such as fatigue, inattention, and stress vary both across different individuals and for the same individual over time...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671126/shear-induced-amyloid-formation-in%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-brain-ii-an-experimental-system-for%C3%A2-monitoring-amyloid-shear-processes-and-investigating-potential-spinal-tap-problems
#15
Conrad N Trumbore
Liquid sheared amyloid-β (Aβ) initiates amyloid cascade reactions, producing unstable, potentially toxic oligomers. There is a need for new analytical tools with which to study these oligomers. A very small bore capillary flow system is proposed as a tool for studying the effects of liquid shear in amyloid research. This simple system consists of injecting a short cylindrical liquid sample plug containing dissolved amyloid into a liquid mobile phase flowing through an empty, very small internal diameter capillary tube...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655042/a-novel-investigation-of-generalized-motor-program-theory-syllable-stress-as-a-motor-class-variable
#16
Kimberly M Meigh
Purpose: This experiment evaluated syllable-stress position as a motor class directed by a syllable-sized generalized motor program. Reaction times were predicted to be slower for stimuli with untrained stress patterns outside the trained motor class. Furthermore, reaction times were predicted to be stable for untrained stimuli within the same motor class regardless of phonetic similarity. Method: Twenty-three young adults with typical speech and hearing participated in a motor-learning study comprised of motor-class training and a judgment task...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649671/early-life-stress-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#17
Shariful A Syed, Charles B Nemeroff
Early life stress has been shown to exert profound short- and long-term effects on human physiology both in the central nervous system and peripherally. Early life stress has demonstrated clear association with many psychiatric disorders including major depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and bipolar disorder. The Diagnostic and Statistics Manuel of Mental Disorders (DSM) diagnostic categorical system has served as a necessary framework for clinical service, delivery, and research, however has not been completely matching the neurobiological research perspective...
February 2017: Chronic stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649302/differential-predictors-of-dsm-5-ptsd-and-icd-11-complex-ptsd-among-african-american-women
#18
Abigail Powers, Negar Fani, Sierra Carter, Dorthie Cross, Marylene Cloitre, Bekh Bradley
Background: Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) is proposed for inclusion in the ICD-11 as a diagnosis distinct from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), reflecting deficits in affective, self-concept, and relational domains. There remains significant controversy over whether CPTSD provides useful diagnostic information beyond PTSD and other comorbid conditions, such as depression or substance use disorders. Objective: The present study examined differences in psychiatric presentation for three groups: traumatized controls, DSM-5 PTSD subjects, and ICD-11 CPTSD subjects...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646729/the-structure-of-ptsd-symptoms-according-to-dsm-5-and-idc-11-proposal-a-multi-sample-analysis
#19
M Cyniak-Cieciura, K Staniaszek, A Popiel, E Pragłowska, B Zawadzki
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms structure is a subject of ongoing debate since its inclusion in DSM-III classification in 1980. Different research on PTSD symptoms structure proved the better fit of four-factor and five-factor models comparing to the one proposed by DSM-IV. With the publication of DSM-5 classification, which introduced significant changes to PTSD diagnosis, the question arises about the adequacy of the proposed criteria to the real structure of disorder symptoms. Recent analyses suggest that seven-factor hybrid model is the best reflection of symptoms structure proposed to date...
May 4, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640451/cardiac-fibrosis-and-arrhythmogenesis
#20
My-Nhan Nguyen, Helen Kiriazis, Xiao-Ming Gao, Xiao-Jun Du
Myocardial injury, mechanical stress, neurohormonal activation, inflammation, and/or aging all lead to cardiac remodeling, which is responsible for cardiac dysfunction and arrhythmogenesis. Of the key histological components of cardiac remodeling, fibrosis either in the form of interstitial, patchy, or dense scars, constitutes a key histological substrate of arrhythmias. Here we discuss current research findings focusing on the role of fibrosis, in arrhythmogenesis. Numerous studies have convincingly shown that patchy or interstitial fibrosis interferes with myocardial electrophysiology by slowing down action potential propagation, initiating reentry, promoting after-depolarizations, and increasing ectopic automaticity...
June 18, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
keyword
keyword
55164
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"