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Research Proposal on stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916884/a-broad-consideration-of-risk-factors-in-pediatric-chronic-pain-where-to-go-from-here
#1
REVIEW
Hannah N McKillop, Gerard A Banez
Pediatric chronic pain is a significant problem associated with substantial functional impairment. A variety of risk factors have been found to be associated with chronic pain in youth. The greatest amount of evidence appears to support that temperament, anxiety, depression, subjective experience of stress, passive coping strategies, sleep problems, other somatic-related problems, and parent and/or family factors are important variables. However, a great deal of this research focuses on a single risk factor or on multiple risk factors in isolation...
November 30, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908628/biomarkers-of-the-health-outcomes-associated-with-ambient-particulate-matter-exposure
#2
Lixin Yang, Xiang-Yu Hou, Yongjie Wei, Phong Thai, Fahe Chai
Epidemiologic evidence supports the positive association of cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality, and lung cancer risk with exposure to airborne particulate matter (PM). Oxidative stress and inflammation have been proposed to be the major causal factors involved in mediating PM effects on both cardiovascular and pulmonary health outcomes. However, the mechanism whereby PM causes the health effects is not fully elucidated. To evaluate and investigate human exposure to PM, it is essential to have a specific, sensitive and robust characterization of individual exposure to PM...
November 29, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895577/fus1-ko-mouse-as-a-model-of-oxidative-stress-mediated-sporadic-alzheimer-s-disease-circadian-disruption-and-long-term-spatial-and-olfactory-memory-impairments
#3
Guillermo Coronas-Samano, Keeley L Baker, Winston J T Tan, Alla V Ivanova, Justus V Verhagen
Insufficient advances in the development of effective therapeutic treatments of sporadic Alzheimer's Disease (sAD) to date are largely due to the lack of sAD-relevant animal models. While the vast majority of models do recapitulate AD's hallmarks of plaques and tangles by virtue of tau and/or beta amyloid overexpression, these models do not reflect the fact that in sAD (unlike familial AD) these genes are not risk factors per se and that other mechanisms like oxidative stress, metabolic dysregulation and inflammation play key roles in AD etiology...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893381/a-compressed-sensing-based-decomposition-of-electrodermal-activity-signals
#4
Swayambhoo Jain, Urvashi Oswal, Kevin Xu, Brian Eriksson, Jarvis Haupt
The measurement and analysis of Electrodermal Activity (EDA) offers applications in diverse areas ranging from market research, to seizure detection, to human stress analysis. Unfortunately, the analysis of EDA signals is made difficult by the superposition of numerous components which can obscure the signal information related to a user's response to a stimulus. We show how simple pre-processing followed by a novel compressed sensing based decomposition can mitigate the effects of the undesired noise components and help reveal the underlying physiological signal...
November 23, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890547/a-delphi-study-to-develop-practical-diagnostic-guidelines-for-visual-stress-pattern-related-visual-stress
#5
Bruce J W Evans, Peter M Allen, Arnold J Wilkins
PURPOSE: Visual stress (VS) is characterised by symptoms of visual perceptual distortions and eyestrain when viewing text, symptoms that are alleviated by individually prescribed coloured filters. A recent review supports the existence of VS and its treatment, but noted that controversy remains, in part due to inconsistencies in the diagnosis of the condition. The present paper reviews the diagnostic criteria for VS in the literature and reports a Delphi analysis of the criteria currently used in clinical practice...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887679/-mindfulness-based-interventions-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-mechanisms-of-action-and-presentation-of-a-pilot-study
#6
M Gasnier, A Pelissolo, G Bondolfi, S Pelissolo, M Tomba, L Mallet, K N'diaye
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a frequent and severe disease, potentially inducing a major impairment for the patient and burden for their family. Recent research in psychiatry and neuroscience have led to better comprehension of the disease's mechanisms and helped to improve its treatment. However, a large proportion of patients have refractory symptoms, including for traditional cognitive and behavioral therapy by exposure and response prevention (ERP), leading clinicians to look for new treatments...
November 22, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873232/evidence-based-revised-view-of-the-pathophysiology-of-preeclampsia
#7
Asif Ahmed, Homira Rezai, Sophie Broadway-Stringer
Preeclampsia is a life-threatening vascular disorder of pregnancy due to a failing stressed placenta. Millions of women risk death to give birth each year and globally each year, almost 300,000 lose their life in this process and over 500,000 babies die as a consequence of preeclampsia. Despite decades of research, we lack pharmacological agents to treat it. Maternal endothelial oxidative stress is a central phenomenon responsible for the preeclampsia phenotype of high maternal blood pressure and proteinuria...
November 22, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863803/research-domain-criteria-and-the-study-of-trauma-in-children-implications-for-assessment-and-treatment-research
#8
REVIEW
Carla Smith Stover, Brooks Keeshin
By definition, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) requires exposure to a traumatic event. Yet, the DSM diagnostic requirements for children and adolescents for PTSD may fail to capture traumatized youth with significant distress and functional impairment. Many important studies have utilized PTSD diagnosis as a mechanism for grouping individuals for comparative studies examining brain functioning, neuroendocrinology, genetics, attachment, and cognition; however, focusing only on those with the diagnosis of PTSD can miss the spectrum of symptoms and difficulties that impact children who experience trauma and subsequent impairment...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863350/arterial-calcification-a-new-perspective
#9
REVIEW
R Nicoll, M Henein
Arterial calcification is commonly seen in atherosclerosis, chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes and has long been considered a natural progression of atherosclerosis. Yet it is a systemic condition, occurring in a wide and diverse range of disease states and no medical treatment for cardiovascular disease has yet found a way to regress it; on the contrary, lipid-lowering therapy may worsen its progression. Although numerous studies have found associations between calcification and biomarkers, none has yet found a unifying mechanism that explains the calcification found in atherosclerosis, CKD or diabetes and many of the biomarkers are equally associated with atheroma development and cardiovascular events...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862894/appraisal-of-transplant-related-stressors-coping-strategies-and-psychosocial-adjustment-following-kidney-transplantation
#10
Renato Pisanti, Caterina Lombardo, Aleksandra Luszczynska, Luca Poli, Linda Bennardi, Luca Giordanengo, Pasquale Bartolomeo Berloco, Cristiano Violani
This study examined the relations between appraisal of transplant-related stressors, coping, and adjustment dimensions following kidney transplantation (KT). Two models were tested: (1) the main effects model proposing that stress appraisal and coping strategies are directly associated with adjustment dimensions; and (2) the moderating model of stress proposing that each coping strategy interacts with stress appraisal. Importantly, there is a lack of research examining the two models simultaneously among recipients of solid organ transplantation...
November 9, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857852/diamond-grinding-wheels-production-study-with-the-use-of-the-finite-element-method
#11
J Kundrák, V Fedorovich, A P Markopoulos, I Pyzhov, N Kryukova
Research results on 3D modeling of the diamond grain and its bearing layer when sintering diamond grinding wheels are provided in this paper. The influence of the main characteristics of the wheel materials and the wheel production process, namely the quantity of metallic phase within diamond grain, coefficient of thermal expansion of the metallic phase, the modulus of elasticity of bond material and sintering temperature, on the internal stresses arising in grains is investigated. The results indicate that the stresses in the grains are higher in the areas around the metallic phase...
November 2016: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856395/why-are-women-so-vulnerable-to-anxiety-trauma-related-and-stress-related-disorders-the-potential-role-of-sex-hormones
#12
REVIEW
Sophie H Li, Bronwyn M Graham
Increased prevalence, severity, and burden of anxiety, trauma-related and stress-related disorders in women compared with men has been well documented. Evidence from a variety of fields has emerged suggesting that sex hormones, particularly oestradiol and progesterone, play a significant part in generation of these sex differences. In this Series paper, we aim to integrate the literature reporting on the effects of sex hormones on biological, behavioural, and cognitive pathways, to propose two broad mechanisms by which oestradiol and progesterone influence sex differences in anxiety disorders: augmentation of vulnerability factors associated with anxiety disorder development; and facilitation of the maintenance of anxious symptoms post-development...
November 11, 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853833/a-researcher-s-guide-to-the-galaxy-of-iress
#13
REVIEW
Ilya M Terenin, Victoria V Smirnova, Dmitri E Andreev, Sergey E Dmitriev, Ivan N Shatsky
The idea of internal initiation is frequently exploited to explain the peculiar translation properties or unusual features of some eukaryotic mRNAs. In this review, we summarize the methods and arguments most commonly used to address cases of translation governed by internal ribosome entry sites (IRESs). Frequent mistakes are revealed. We explain why "cap-independent" does not readily mean "IRES-dependent" and why the presence of a long and highly structured 5' untranslated region (5'UTR) or translation under stress conditions cannot be regarded as an argument for appealing to internal initiation...
November 16, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833636/hydrogen-sulfide-a-signal-molecule-in-plant-cross-adaptation
#14
REVIEW
Zhong-Guang Li, Xiong Min, Zhi-Hao Zhou
For a long time, hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been considered as merely a toxic by product of cell metabolism, but nowadays is emerging as a novel gaseous signal molecule, which participates in seed germination, plant growth and development, as well as the acquisition of stress tolerance including cross-adaptation in plants. Cross-adaptation, widely existing in nature, is the phenomenon in which plants expose to a moderate stress can induce the resistance to other stresses. The mechanism of cross-adaptation is involved in a complex signal network consisting of many second messengers such as Ca(2+), abscisic acid, hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide, as well as their crosstalk...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828972/coral-reefs-and-people-in-a-high-co2-world-where-can-science-make-a-difference-to-people
#15
Linwood Pendleton, Adrien Comte, Chris Langdon, Julia A Ekstrom, Sarah R Cooley, Lisa Suatoni, Michael W Beck, Luke M Brander, Lauretta Burke, Josh E Cinner, Carolyn Doherty, Peter E T Edwards, Dwight Gledhill, Li-Qing Jiang, Ruben J van Hooidonk, Louise Teh, George G Waldbusser, Jessica Ritter
REEFS AND PEOPLE AT RISK: Increasing levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere put shallow, warm-water coral reef ecosystems, and the people who depend upon them at risk from two key global environmental stresses: 1) elevated sea surface temperature (that can cause coral bleaching and related mortality), and 2) ocean acidification. These global stressors: cannot be avoided by local management, compound local stressors, and hasten the loss of ecosystem services. Impacts to people will be most grave where a) human dependence on coral reef ecosystems is high, b) sea surface temperature reaches critical levels soonest, and c) ocean acidification levels are most severe...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822264/hepatitis-b-and-its-relationship-with-oxidative-stress
#16
REVIEW
Seyed Moayed Alavian, Alireza Showraki
CONTEXT: Despite the great breakthroughs we have witnessed in the last 50 years in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of hepatitis B, we are still far from eradicating or even curing the disease. Achieving further progress in controlling this disease will not be possible without discovering the exact pathogenesis behind it. One prime suspect in the pathogenesis of various diseases is oxidative stress. This review will exclusively explore hepatitis B in the context of oxidative stress to obtain a more comprehensive clinical perspective on its pathogenesis and eventual medical therapy...
September 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821196/motivational-values-parental-influences-and-the-experience-of-discrimination-among-romanian-and-moroccan-young-immigrants-in-spain
#17
Pablo Espinosa, Miguel Clemente, Octavio Uña
This study examines the role that motivational values play in the experience of discrimination in young immigrants in Spain and how this role is mediated by parental values. Participants in the study were 193 dyads of pre-adolescent to young adult first and second generation immigrants and one of their parents. All participants were either of Moroccan or Romanian ascent, the two largest immigrant groups in Spain. The proposed SEM model had an adequate fit, χ2(2, N = 193) = 2.272, p = .321, RMSEA = .027, CFI = ...
November 8, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821151/-i-ve-changed-my-mind-mindfulness-based-childbirth-and-parenting-mbcp-for-pregnant-women-with-a-high-level-of-fear-of-childbirth-and-their-partners-study-protocol-of-the-quasi-experimental-controlled-trial
#18
Irena K Veringa, Esther I de Bruin, Nancy Bardacke, Larissa G Duncan, Francisca J A van Steensel, Carmen D Dirksen, Susan M Bögels
BACKGROUND: Approximately 25 % of pregnant women suffer from a high level of Fear of Childbirth (FoC), as assessed by the Wijma Delivery Expectancy Questionnaire (W-DEQ-A, score ≥66). FoC negatively affects pregnant women's mental health and adaptation to the perinatal period. Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting (MBCP) seems to be potentially effective in decreasing pregnancy-related anxiety and stress. We propose a theoretical model of Avoidance and Participation in Pregnancy, Birth and the Postpartum Period in order to explore FoC and to evaluate the underlying mechanisms of change of MBCP...
November 7, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818800/new-technique-for-tibiotalar-arthrodesis-using-a-new-intramedullary-nail-device-a-cadaveric-study
#19
Emmanuel D Eisenstein, Mario Rodriguez, Amr A Abdelgawad
Introduction. Ankle arthrodesis is performed in a variety of methods. We propose a new technique for tibiotalar arthrodesis using a newly designed intramedullary nail. Methods. We proposed development of an intramedullary device for ankle arthrodesis which spared the subtalar joint using a sinus tarsi approach. Standard saw bones models and computer assisted modeling and stress analysis were used to develop different nail design geometries and determine the feasibility of insertion. After the final design was constructed, the device was tested on three cadaveric specimens...
2016: Advances in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818086/intraindividual-variability-of-sleep-wake-patterns-in-relation-to-child-and-adolescent-functioning-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Stephen P Becker, Craig A Sidol, Tori R Van Dyk, Jeffery N Epstein, Dean W Beebe
Substantial research attention has been devoted to understanding the importance and impact of sleep in children and adolescents. Traditionally, this has focused on mean sleep variables (e.g., a child's "typical" or average sleep duration), yet research increasingly suggests that intraindividual variability (IIV) of sleep/wake patterns (sometimes referred to as sleep variability or night-to-night variability) regularly occurs and may have implications for adjustment. A systematic search of five electronic databases identified 52 empirical studies published between 2000 and 2015 that examined correlates of sleep IIV in children and adolescents, with a recent increase in the publication rate of such studies...
July 21, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
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