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Canine rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680380/a-single-hydrotherapy-session-increases-range-of-motion-and-stride-length-in-labrador-retrievers-diagnosed-with-elbow-dysplasia
#1
T Preston, A P Wills
Canine elbow dysplasia is a debilitating condition of unknown aetiology and is a common cause of forelimb lameness in dogs. Canine hydrotherapy is a therapeutic approach rapidly increasing in popularity for the treatment of a range of musculoskeletal pathologies. In this study, kinematic analysis was used to assess the effect of a customised hydrotherapy session on the range of motion, stride length and stride frequency of healthy Labrador retrievers (n=6) and Labrador retrievers diagnosed with bilateral elbow dysplasia (n=6)...
April 2018: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528079/taxol-modified-collagen-scaffold-implantation-promotes-functional-recovery-after-long-distance-spinal-cord-complete-transection-in-canines
#2
Wen Yin, Xing Li, Yannan Zhao, Jun Tan, Shuyu Wu, Yudong Cao, Juan Li, Hecheng Zhu, Weidong Liu, Guihua Tang, Li Meng, Lei Wang, Bin Zhu, Gousiyi Wang, Meizuo Zhong, Xingdong Liu, Dan Xie, Bing Chen, Caiping Ren, Zhifeng Xiao, Xingjun Jiang, Jianwu Dai
Treatment of spinal cord injury (SCI) remains a clinical challenge worldwide because of the complicated inhibitory microenvironment formed post-injury, reduced axonal regenerative ability of spinal cord neurons, and scarcity of endogenous neurogenesis within the lesion center. Taxol, in addition to stabilizing microtubules, has shown potential for decreasing axonal degeneration and reducing scar formation after SCI in rodents. In this study, we further verified the therapeutic effects and clinical potential of Taxol on restriction of scar formation and promotion of neuronal regeneration and functional recovery after severe spinal cord transection in a large animal (canine) model...
March 12, 2018: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525233/small-animal-massage-therapy-a-brief-review-and-relevant-observations
#3
REVIEW
Maira Rezende Formenton, Marco Aurélio Amador Pereira, Denise Tabacchi Fantoni
Massage therapy is becoming increasingly popular in human and animal physiotherapy and rehabilitation. Wider application of the technique led to research efforts aimed at providing scientific support to anecdotal beneficial effects, particularly pain relief. Recent studies have shown that massage therapy alters dopamine and serotonin levels, decreases noradrenaline levels, and modulates the immune system. Psychological effects such as reduction of stress and anxiety, with improvement of depressive patients, have been reported in humans...
December 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504855/assessment-of-the-effects-of-diet-and-physical-rehabilitation-on-radiographic-findings-and-markers-of-synovial-inflammation-in-dogs-following-tibial-plateau-leveling-osteotomy
#4
Valentine D Verpaalen, Wendy I Baltzer, Sarah Smith-Ostrin, Jennifer J Warnock, Bernadette Stang, Craig G Ruaux
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of an omega-3 fatty acid and protein-enriched diet, physical rehabilitation, or both on radiographic findings and markers of synovial inflammation in dogs following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy and arthroscopic surgery for treatment of cranial cruciate ligament disease. DESIGN Randomized, prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS 48 dogs with unilateral cranial cruciate ligament disease. PROCEDURES Dogs were randomly assigned to receive a dry omega-3 fatty acid and protein-enriched dog food formulated to support joint health (test food [TF]), a dry food formulated for adult canine maintenance (control food [CF]), TF plus rehabilitation, or CF plus rehabilitation after surgery...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437516/ideal-versus-late-secondary-alveolar-bone-graft-surgery-a-bone-thickness-cone-beam-computed-tomographic-assessment
#5
Michele Alves Garcia, Marilia Yatabe, Thais Ustulin Fuzer, Adriana Maria Calvo, Ivy Kiemle Trindade-Suedam
OBJECTIVE: To compare the bone morphology after secondary alveolar bone graft surgery (SABG) performed before and after permanent canine eruption. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, University of São Paulo, Bauru, SP, Brazil. PATIENTS: 25 cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans of complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (CLP) individuals who underwent SABG before or after eruption of the permanent canine taken 2 and 6 months (T1 and T2) after SAGB, resulting in 50 CBCT scans...
March 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388416/teeth-agenesis-evaluation-in-an-italian-sample-of-complete-unilateral-and-bilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients
#6
Alberto DE Stefani, Giovanni Bruno, Paolo Balasso, Sergio Mazzoleni, Ugo Baciliero, Antonio Gracco
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence and the distribution of teeth agenesis inside and outside the cleft area in an Italian population with a non-syndromic unilateral (UCLP) and bilateral (BCLP) cleft lip and palate. METHODS: 233 digital panoramic radiographs (151 females, 82 males) of patients between seven and fifteen years old were recruited from the maxillo-facial surgery clinic of the San Bortolo Hospital of Vicenza according with the following inclusion criteria: unilateral or bilateral cleft lip and palate, no other syndroms, no previous orthodontic treatment, no previous teeth extractions and good quality of digital panoramic radiographs...
January 31, 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340482/clear-cell-odontogenic-carcinoma-of-the-mandible-a-treatment-strategy
#7
Sabrina Ferreira, Leonardo Perez Faverani, Gabriel Mulinari Dos Santos, Everton Pontes Martins, Idelmo Rangel Garcia Júnior
Clear cell odontogenic carcinoma (CCOC) is a rare odontogenic tumor of the jaws, histologically characterized by the presence of agglomerates of cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm. The patient, a 62-year-old Caucasian woman, presented an intraosseous lesion in the mandibular symphysis. A clinical examination revealed a discrete volumetric increase with a hard consistency, palpable to extraoral and intraoral examinations. Imaging studies revealed an extensive radiolucent area, without defined limits, extending from the region of the right second premolar to the left canine...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302293/orthodontics-and-veneers-to-restore-the-anterior-guidance-a-minimally-invasive-approach
#8
Vicente Faus-Matoses, Ignacio Faus-Matoses, Ana Jorques-Zafrilla, Vicente J Faus-Llácer
Tooth wear is defined as the progressive loss of a tooth's surface due to actions other than those which cause tooth decay or dental trauma. It is a pathological condition with an increasing prevalence among young people. The aim of this article is to describe an alternative treatment modality to rehabilitate the anterior guidance by a minimally invasive interdisciplinary ortho-restorative treatment. Two patients came to the dental clinic for restorative treatment in order to rehabilitate the worn anterior dentition...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285338/treatment-of-maxillary-retained-canine-with-implants-new-perspectives
#9
E El Haddad, R Calcaterra, G El Haddad, V Candotto, D Lauritano
Purpose: The surgical-orthodontic treatment of impacted maxillary canine (IMC) remains a challenge to today's clinicians. The aim of the present paper is to describe an unconventional treatment of IMC with insertion of implant into the retained canine and 3 years follow-up. Case report: A 55-year-old female patient attended to rehabilitate her maxillary left canine site. An unconventional approach was proposed to the patient. A large diameter tapered implant (Ø 5 × 18 mm) was inserted (Nobel Active, Kolten, Swisse)...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223315/metal-free-full-arch-fixed-prosthesis-for-edentulous-mandible-rehabilitation-on-four-implants
#10
Alfredo Passaretti, Giulia Petroni, Giovanna Miracolo, Valeria Savoia, Angelo Perpetuini, Andrea Cicconetti
PURPOSE: The goal of this work is to describe an implant-prosthetic protocol for rehabilitation of edentulous mandible, by using a fixed prosthesis made of fiber-reinforced composite material (FRC). The protocol contemplates a minimal invasive surgery and ensures predictable and safe results, with good aesthetic and performance combined to cost savings. METHODS: FRC material is used to build the substructure of a prosthetic framework supported by four short implants (5mm long and 4mm wide)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023612/a-minimally-invasive-approach-using-a-4-mm-implant-without-extraction-of-impacted-maxillary-canine-four-year-postloading-results
#11
Pietro Felice, Carlo Barausse, Martina Stefanini, Roberto Pistilli, Giovanni Zucchelli
The aim of this case report was to suggest an alternative minimally invasive surgical approach to an impacted maxillary canine using a 4-mm-long implant for a fixed prosthetic rehabilitation, avoiding tooth extraction or surgically forced extrusion and exploiting the 6 mm of coronal bone availability. At 4 years postloading, the implant was healthy and well integrated with stable marginal bone levels. The 4-mm length of the implant reduced operative times, postsurgical morbidity, possible complications, and costs...
November 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969282/influence-of-post-angulation-between-coronal-and-radicular-segment-on-the-fracture-resistance-of-endodontically-treated-teeth
#12
Satheesh B Haralur, Anas Abdullah Lahig, Yahya Ahmed Al Hudiry, Abdullah Hassan Al-Shehri, Ahmed Abdullah Al-Malwi
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of coronal restoration in the Endodontically Treated Teeth (ETT) include rehabilitation of aesthetics, function and prevention of coronal leakage. The long axis of root and the coronal segment in the maxillary anterior teeth varies according to the occlusal scheme. The restorative dentist is required to fabricate the post angulation in compatibility to contour of the adjacent teeth. AIM: To evaluate the influence of the angle between the long axes of core facial surface and the radicular segment of the post on fracture resistance of ETT...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839424/a-2d-panoramic-surgical-stent-imaging-complete-arch-mandibular-implant-fixed-prosthesis-along-with-bar-supported-maxillary-over-denture
#13
Mukesh Kumar Singhal, Rumneet Kaur Billing, Nitin Srivastava, Zainab Khan
Successful rehabilitation of a patient should restore function, esthetic, and speech by prosthesis. Treatment modalities vary from patient to patient. Semi-precision attachments and implants offer several advantages over the traditional approach. The aim and objective of this report was to assess a case of a 55-year-old female patient who had lost all her teeth, except maxillary canines #13 and #23 and with severe bone loss in the mandible. Tooth-supported bar attachment was planned for maxilla, and a total of five dental implants were placed in the mandible using a flapless approach aided by radiographic gutta-percha surgical stents over panoramic two-dimensional imaging...
April 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796987/evaluation-of-periodontal-tissues-in-growing-patients-with-bilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-pilot-study
#14
Beata Wyrębek, Dorota Cudziło, Paweł Plakwicz
AIM: To evaluate the periodontal status, mucogingival parameters and oral hygiene in growing patients with bilateral cleft lip and palate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Assessment was performed in 15 patients aged 6 to 18 years with a bilateral cleft. Records included probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level, keratinized gingiva, recession, vestibule depth, biotype, type of fraena, dental plaque and bleeding. RESULTS: The mean scores of pocket depth were: 1...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745777/comparison-of-two-cold-compression-therapy-protocols-after-tibial-plateau-leveling-osteotomy-in-dogs
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Niklas von Freeden, Felix Duerr, Michael Fehr, Christian Diekmann, Cornelia Mandel, Oliver Harms
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate two different protocols of cold compression therapy (CCT) for pain management and functional recovery in dogs undergoing tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 27 adult dogs (n = 30 stifles; staged bilateral procedures: n = 3) undergoing routine TPLO were randomly allocated to three groups (n = 10/group). Dogs of group I received CCT once before and immediately after surgery. In dogs of group II CCT was performed postoperatively four times at 6-hour intervals...
August 10, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730236/root-fractures-epidemiological-clinical-and-radiographic-aspects
#16
Sanda Mihaela Popescu, Oana Andreea Diaconu, Monica Scrieciu, Iulia Roxana Marinescu, Emma Cristina Drăghici, Anca Gabriela Truşcă, Alexandra Carina Bănică, Mihaela Vătu, Veronica MercuŢ
Chronic root fractures are a relative frequent dental condition, occurring both in vital teeth and in teeth with root canal treatment, with a difficult and frustrating diagnosis. Two clinical forms are described: crown-root fractures with crown origin and vertical root fractures with root origin. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of the root fractured extracted teeth in two dental clinics with different profile [oral rehabilitation (OR) and endodontics (E)] and to present some particular aspects of the root fractures...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691480/computer-guided-implant-insertion-in-a-patient-with-impacted-maxillary-canines-case-report
#17
S Lico, C Andrisani, M Andreasi Bassi, V Candotto, F J Silvestre, D Lauritano
The use of minimally invasive surgical techniques undoubtedly represents a huge advantage for both the clinician and the patient. This case report shows the possibility of making an implant-prosthetic rehabilitation in an upper jaw in a patient who presented dental elements 1.3 and 2.3 in bone inclusion. The use of computer-guided surgery offers us the possibility to carry out this type of implant rehabilitation without performing the extraction of the above-mentioned dental elements combined with the bone regeneration of the extraction sockets...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681044/masticatory-function-with-ball-and-resilient-telescopic-anchors-of-mandibular-implant-retained-overdentures-a-crossover-study
#18
Moustafa Abdou Elsyad, Ahmad Fathalla Shawky
OBJECTIVE: The masticatory function of implant-retained overdentures with different attachments has not been sufficiently investigated. This study evaluated the masticatory function of implant-retained mandibular overdentures with ball and resilient telescopic attachments. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Twelve edentulous participants were rehabilitated with new maxillary and mandibular conventional dentures (CD). Three months later, two implants were installed in the canine regions of the mandible...
July 4, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668080/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-canine-brief-pain-inventory-in-a-swedish-sample-of-dogs-with-pain-related-to-osteoarthritis
#19
Ann Essner, Lena Zetterberg, Karin Hellström, Pia Gustås, Hans Högberg, Rita Sjöström
BACKGROUND: To evaluate intervention, implement evidence-based practice and enhance the welfare of dogs with naturally occurring osteoarthritis (OA), access to valid, reliable and clinically relevant outcome measures is crucial for researchers, veterinarians and rehabilitation practitioners. The objectives of the present study were to translate and evaluate psychometric properties, in terms of internal consistency and construct validity, of the owner-reported measure canine brief pain inventory (CBPI) in a Swedish sample of dogs with pain related to OA...
July 1, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632488/vector-borne-pathogens-in-stray-dogs-in-northeastern-turkey
#20
Esin Guven, Hamza Avcioglu, Seyda Cengiz, Armagan Hayirli
This experiment was carried out to attain prevalence and molecular characterization of pathogens causing canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) including babesiosis, hepatozoonosis, leishmaniasis, filariosis (Dirofilaria immitis, Dirofilaria repens, and Acanthocheilonema reconditum), ehrlichiosis (Ehrlichia canis), and anaplasmosis (Anaplasma platys) in stray dogs. The study material consisted of 133 asymptomatic female (n = 96) and male (n = 37) stray dogs (≤1 year old, n = 16 and 1-6 years old, n = 117) housed in the Animal Care and Rehabilitation Center, Erzurum, Northeastern Turkey...
August 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
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