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Veterinary acupuncture

Wesley J Rose, Jan M Sargeant, W J Brad Hanna, David Kelton, Dianna M Wolfe, Lee V Wisener
Acupuncture has become increasingly popular in veterinary medicine. Within the scientific literature there is debate regarding its efficacy. Due to the complex nature of acupuncture, a scoping review was undertaken to identify and categorize the evidence related to acupuncture in companion animals (dogs, cats, and horses). Our search identified 843 relevant citations. Narrative reviews represented the largest proportion of studies (43%). We identified 179 experimental studies and 175 case reports/case series that examined the efficacy of acupuncture...
December 11, 2017: Animal Health Research Reviews
Toni Yang, Justin Shmalberg, Lindsay Hochman, Erin Miscioscia, Meghan Brumby, Kelsey McKenna, Amber Roth
Veterinary acupuncture is becoming increasingly implemented for various disease processes, with growing numbers of veterinarians pursuing advanced training to meet the rising demand for this relatively new intervention. Accurate acupoint placement remains challenging, with individual practitioners relying on varying methods of point identification, often compounded by the transpositional nature of points for companion animals. The aim of this study was to assess for differences in acupuncture needle placement of select points between veterinary professionals with three different levels of acupuncture training in an academic teaching environment...
October 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
Mary van den Berg-Wolf, Thomas Burgoon
Background: In China, acupuncture has been used as a form of medical therapy for more than 2500 years. It is a part of traditional medical practice and is used to treat the entire spectrum of human and veterinary disease. Although dermatologic disease has received much less attention in worldwide acupuncture research than pain and musculoskeletal conditions, there is a growing body of evidence suggesting acupuncture's usefulness in this area. Objective: The aim of this article was to review the evidence in the literature regarding the usefulness of acupuncture in managing dermatologic illness...
October 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
Patrick Roynard, Lauren Frank, Huisheng Xie, Margaret Fowler
Modern research on traditional Chinese veterinary medicine (TCVM), including herbal medicine and acupuncture, has made evident the role of the nervous system as a cornerstone in many of the mechanisms of action of TCVM. Laboratory models and clinical research available are supportive for the use of TCVM in the management of neurologic conditions in small animals, specifically in cases of intervertebral disk disease, other myelopathies, and painful conditions. This article is meant to help guide the use of TCVM for neurologic disorders in small animals, based on available information and recommendations from experienced TCVM practitioners...
January 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
Ching Ming Liu, G Reed Holyoak, Chung Tien Lin
This study follows the treatment of six French bulldogs with paraparesis caused by congenital hemivertebra which were structurally mild but clinically severe. A standardized acupuncture ( zhēn jiǔ) treatment using Hua-Tuo-Jiaji (HTJJ) as local points and other distant points combined with Chinese herbs improved the clinical signs. Few, if any, published papers mention Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM) for treatment of hemivertebral paraparesis in French bulldogs. Based on the rapid treatment outcome, we encourage practitioners to integrate this form of conservative management into emergency treatment...
October 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
David M Lane, Sarah A Hill
Despite the rise in popularity of both acupuncture and manual therapy in veterinary medicine, and the increasing number of Canadian veterinarians practising these techniques, there is little research demonstrating their effectiveness. In this repeated measures, therapeutic trial, 47 client-owned dogs with naturally occurring lameness were assessed for clinical response to treatment. Owners were blinded to the treatment schedule and completed questionnaires to assess their dogs' comfort and mobility. Comparison between pre- and post-treatment results demonstrated that combined acupuncture and manual therapy provides immediate short-term improvement in comfort and mobility, as demonstrated by owner observed changes in play behavior (P = 0...
April 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Sarah le Jeune, Kimberly Henneman, Kevin May
Acupuncture is one of the most common veterinary integrative medicine modalities. Acupuncture can greatly contribute to a rehabilitation protocol by promoting analgesia, tissue healing, and muscle strength. Acupuncture is safe, has minimal detrimental side effects, and is well tolerated by most horses.
April 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
Donna M Raditic
Consumer use of integrative health care is growing, but evidence-based research on its efficacy is limited. Research of veterinary lower urinary tract diseases could be translated to human medicine because veterinary patients are valuable translational models for human urinary tract infection and urolithiasis. An overview of complementary therapies for lower urinary tract disease includes cranberry supplements, mannose, oral probiotics, acupuncture, methionine, herbs, or herbal preparations. Therapies evaluated in dogs and cats, in vitro canine cells, and other relevant species, in vivo and in vitro, are presented for their potential use as integrative therapies for veterinary patients and/or translational research...
July 2015: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
Lindsey M Fry, Susan M Neary, Joseph Sharrock, Jessica K Rychel
Acupuncture for analgesia is growing rapidly in popularity with veterinarians and pet owners. This article summarizes the mechanisms of analgesia derived from acupuncture and reviews current literature on the topic. Areas covered include the local effects at area of needle insertion, systemic effects secondary to circulating neurotransmitters and changes in cell signaling, central nervous system effects including the brain and spinal cord, and myofascial trigger point and pathology treatment. Clinical applications are discussed and suggested in each section...
June 2014: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Camila Marx, Maiele Dornelles Silveira, Isabel Selbach, Ariel Silveira da Silva, Luisa Maria Gomes de Macedo Braga, Melissa Camassola, Nance Beyer Nardi
Stem cells isolated from adipose tissue show great therapeutic potential in veterinary medicine, but some points such as the use of fresh or cultured cells and route of administration need better knowledge. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of autologous stromal vascular fraction (SVF, n = 4) or allogeneic cultured adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs, n = 5) injected into acupuncture points in dogs with hip dysplasia and weak response to drug therapy. Canine ASCs have proliferation and differentiation potential similar to ASCs from other species...
2014: Stem Cells International
Donna M Raditic, Joseph W Bartges
Integrative medicine is the combined use of complementary and alternative medicine with conventional or traditional Western medicine systems. The demand for integrative veterinary medicine is growing, but evidence-based research on its efficacy is limited. In veterinary clinical oncology, such research could be translated to human medicine, because veterinary patients with spontaneous tumors are valuable translational models for human cancers. An overview of specific herbs, botanics, dietary supplements, and acupuncture evaluated in dogs, in vitro canine cells, and other relevant species both in vivo and in vitro is presented for their potential use as integrative therapies in veterinary clinical oncology...
September 2014: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
Lisa Corti
A nonpharmaceutical approach to managing pain is one that does not employ a medication. The use of such approaches, in conjunction with pharmaceuticals as part of multimodal methods to managing pain, is becoming more popular as evidence is emerging to support their use. Cold therapy, for one, is used to reduce the inflammation and tissue damage seen in acute injuries and can be very effective at reducing acute pain. Incorporating the use of superficial heat therapy when treating pain associated with chronic musculoskeletal conditions is often employed as heat increases blood flow, oxygen delivery, and tissue extensibility...
March 2014: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Patrice M Mich
In veterinary school, we learn much about how to repair bone fractures, ligament injuries, and neuropathies. The idea, of course, is to return some level of function to a damaged appendage and decrease pain. When a limb cannot be salvaged for medical or financial reasons, we are taught that dogs and cats do "great" on 3 legs. Three legs may mean a less functional limb or outright total amputation. We espouse this doctrine to our clients. Indeed, most of us have countless stories of triped patients acclimating to their disability with aplomb...
March 2014: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
A Deisenroth, I Nolte, P Wefstaedt
Gold bead implantation/gold acupuncture is becoming increasingly used in veterinary medicine as a method of pain treatment in cases of osteoarthritic diseases. Part one of the overview dealing with the use of gold implants as a treatment of canine hip joint dysplasia (cHD) introduced the method of implanting gold in tissue and publications which investigated the subsequent effects of implantation. This article focuses on publications concerning the clinical effectiveness of gold implantation within the scope of pain therapy in cHD...
2013: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
A Deisenroth, I Nolte, P Wefstaedt
Gold-bead implantation as a method of pain treatment in dogs suffering from osteoarthritic disease is receiving increasing attention in veterinary medicine. For the present article, publications from veterinary books and journals were collected and evaluated, together with related articles in human medicine. After providing an overview of the historical use of gold and gold compounds, the technique of implanting this noble metal is introduced. The reasons for establishing the terms gold acupuncture and gold (bead) implantation are described, considering the question whether and what kind of methodological differences exist behind these terms...
2013: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
Sung-Ho Lee, Geon-Ho Jahng, Il-Hwan Choe, Chi-Bong Choi, Dae-Hyun Kim, Hwi-Yool Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate the interference of the brain activation during a passive movement task (PMT) by retained acupuncture at the ST 36 acupoint and to compare these effects between normal brain and Parkinson's disease (PD) brain. METHODS: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) techniques have been used to study neurophysiology in animals. Eight healthy beagle dogs were divided into two groups of four dogs each, a normal control group and a PD model group...
August 2013: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Robbert van Haselen, Robert Jütte
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this workshop was to further explore the implications of the placebo effect for both research and clinical practice from a variety of angles with a group of selected experts. METHOD/APPROACH: The use of placebos in both clinical practice and research was explored in depth from a historical, methodological, ethical, legal and cultural point of view. The current state of knowledge regarding the placebo effect was established, knowledge gaps were identified, and the implications for both clinical research and practice were discussed in depth...
April 2013: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Jeanne B Budgin, Molly J Flaherty
This article presents an overview of alternative therapies for skin disorders including traditional Chinese medicine (acupuncture and Chinese herbs), homeopathy, and Western herbs and plant extracts. The medical and veterinary literature on the aforementioned modalities will be reviewed with a focus on reduction of inflammation and pruritus of the skin and ear canal in the canine species. Clinical application and potential adverse effects will also be included when available.
January 2013: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
C Atzmüller, H Pothmann-Reichl, M Iwersen, M Drillich
OBJECTIVE: Continuing education is mandatory for veterinarians in Germany and Austria. The objective of this study was to analyse interests and preferences of veterinarians in cattle practice as well as to elucidate framework requirements for continuing education, including e-learning. Results should help to improve and to optimise continuing education programs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A survey was conducted as a questionnaire via internet and shared at two local meetings as well as by email to members of the Farm Animal Health Service Styria (Tiergesundheitsdienst Steiermark)...
2012: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
J Randy Kidd
Over the past several decades, alternative medicines have gained in popularity for use in both humans and animals. While they are not without controversy, client interest and usage dictate that even those practitioners who do not want to practice any of them in their own hospital or clinic should at least be aware of their common use, safety, and efficacy. The author briefly discusses some of the more popular alternative medicines—acupuncture, chiropractic, herbal, homeopathic, and flower essences—with respect to some of the basics that every practitioner should know about them...
July 2012: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
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