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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097467/strenuous-exercise-and-cardiovascular-disease-outcomes
#1
REVIEW
Jonathan H Kim, Aaron L Baggish
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes several issues at the forefront of recent controversies involving the appropriate exercise dose including epidemiologic data describing mortality trends in those who engage in high levels of physical activity and recent observational data suggesting adverse cardiovascular outcomes among long-term endurance athletes. RECENT FINDINGS: The benefits of habitual and moderate levels of exercise on cardiovascular disease outcomes in the general population have been well established...
January 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#2
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095083/physiological-capacity-and-training-routines-of-elite-cross-country-skiers-approaching-the-upper-limits-of-human-endurance
#3
Øyvind Sandbakk, Hans-Christer Holmberg
Cross-country skiing is one of the most demanding of endurance sports, involving protracted competitions on varying terrain employing a variety of skiing techniques that require upper- and/or lower-body work to different extents. Through more effective training and extensive improvements in equipment and track preparation, the speed of cross-country ski races has increased more than that of any other winter Olympic sport and, in addition, new types of racing events have been introduced. To a certain extent this has altered the optimal physiological capacity required to win and the training routines of successful skiers have evolved accordingly...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092297/vascular-adaptations-to-habitual-exercise-in-older-adults-time-for-the-sex-talk
#4
Kerrie L Moreau, Cemal Ozemek
Regular exercise is promoted as a therapeutic strategy for age-associated endothelial dysfunction. Improvements in endothelial function are observed with endurance exercise in older men, but are diminished or absent in older women. This review examines the hypothesis that sex hormones modulate vascular adaptations to exercise training by influencing antioxidant defense systems, mitochondrial function, oxidative stress, and intracellular signaling.
January 13, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091981/environmental-pollutants-limitations-in-physical-functioning-and-frailty-in-older-adults
#5
REVIEW
Esther García-Esquinas, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Frailty is an age-related syndrome characterized by reductions in strength, endurance, and physiologic function that increase an individual's vulnerability for developing dependence or death. Extensive research is currently being conducted to determine preventable risk factors and mechanistic pathways of frailty. This review summarizes the existing evidence on the potential associations between environmental pollutants, limitations in physical functioning, and frailty among older adults...
January 16, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088381/long-term-neurobehavioral-symptoms-and-return-to-productivity-in-operation-enduring-freedom-operation-iraqi-freedom-veterans-with-and-without-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Marianne H Mortera, Stacy A Kinirons, Jessie Simantov, Heidi Klingbeil
OBJECTIVES: To describe Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans who underwent the Comprehensive Traumatic Brain Injury Evaluation (CTBIE), differences between the traumatic brain injury (TBI) and non- traumatic brain injury (non-TBI) subgroups, and factors associated with return to productivity (RTP). DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. SETTING: Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Polytrauma/TBI Network Site...
January 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076989/improvement-of-patient-eligibility-with-the-use-of-new-generation-endografts-for-the-treatment-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-a-comparison-study-among-currently-used-endografts-and-literature-review
#7
Nikolaos Kontopodis, George Papadopoulos, Nikolaos Galanakis, Dimitrios Tsetis, Christos V Ioannou
BACKGROUND: Newer generation devices have attempted to accommodate a wider range of aortoiliac anatomies offering endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) to more patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). We aim to examine the anatomic suitability for the ultra-low profile Ovation endograft in our AAA patients and to compare them with other contemporary devices. METHODS: 158 consecutive AAA patients treated with EVAR or open surgical repair (OSR) were tested for EVAR eligibility according to the most commonly used endografts' instructions for use...
January 19, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072907/symptomatic-treatments-for-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-motor-neuron-disease
#8
REVIEW
Louisa Ng, Fary Khan, Carolyn A Young, Mary Galea
BACKGROUND: Motor neuron disease (MND), which is also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), causes a wide range of symptoms but the evidence base for the effectiveness of the symptomatic treatment therapies is limited. OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence from Cochrane Systematic Reviews of all symptomatic treatments for MND. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) on 15 November 2016 for systematic reviews of symptomatic treatments for MND...
January 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067808/effects-of-beetroot-juice-supplementation-on-cardiorespiratory-endurance-in-athletes-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Raúl Domínguez, Eduardo Cuenca, José Luis Maté-Muñoz, Pablo García-Fernández, Noemí Serra-Paya, María Carmen Lozano Estevan, Pablo Veiga Herreros, Manuel Vicente Garnacho-Castaño
Athletes use nutritional supplementation to enhance the effects of training and achieve improvements in their athletic performance. Beetroot juice increases levels of nitric oxide (NO), which serves multiple functions related to increased blood flow, gas exchange, mitochondrial biogenesis and efficiency, and strengthening of muscle contraction. These biomarker improvements indicate that supplementation with beetroot juice could have ergogenic effects on cardiorespiratory endurance that would benefit athletic performance...
January 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067582/the-relationship-of-hip-muscle-performance-to-leg-ankle-and-foot-injuries-a-systematic-review
#10
Nili Steinberg, Gali Dar, Martin Dunlop, James Edmund Gaida
OBJECTIVES: Hip control affects movement and muscle firing patterns in the leg, ankle and foot, and may contribute to overuse injuries. Muscle performance can be measured as strength, endurance or muscle activation patterns. Our objective was to systematically review whether hip muscle performance is associated with leg, ankle and foot injuries. DATA SOURCES: A structured and comprehensive search of six medical literature databases was combined with forward and backward citation tracking (AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, Medline, Scopus and SportDiscus)...
January 9, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064026/systematic-review-of-field-based-physical-fitness-tests-for-children-and-adolescents-with-intellectual-disabilities
#11
REVIEW
Marieke Wouters, Heleen M Evenhuis, Thessa I M Hilgenkamp
BACKGROUND: Testing physical fitness in children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities (ID) can be challenging. This review provides an overview on psychometric properties of field-based physical fitness tests studied in children and adolescents with ID. METHODS: A literature search was performed in March 2014. Studies were included if they evaluated feasibility, reliability and/or validity of a field-based physical fitness test in children and adolescents with ID...
January 5, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062692/urban-sustainability-in-an-age-of-enduring-inequalities-advancing-theory-and-ecometrics-for-the-21st-century-city
#12
Robert J Sampson
The environmental fragility of cities under advanced urbanization has motivated extensive efforts to promote the sustainability of urban ecosystems and physical infrastructures. Less attention has been devoted to neighborhood inequalities and fissures in the civic infrastructure that potentially challenge social sustainability and the capacity of cities to collectively address environmental challenges. This article draws on a program of research in three American cities-Boston, Chicago, and Los Angeles-to develop hypotheses and methodological strategies for assessing how the multidimensional and multilevel inequalities that characterize contemporary cities bear on sustainability...
January 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059568/21st-century-parent-child-sex-communication-in-the-united-states-a-process-review
#13
Dalmacio Flores, Julie Barroso
Parent-child sex communication results in the transmission of family expectations, societal values, and role modeling of sexual health risk-reduction strategies. Parent-child sex communication's potential to curb negative sexual health outcomes has sustained a multidisciplinary effort to better understand the process and its impact on the development of healthy sexual attitudes and behaviors among adolescents. This review advances what is known about the process of sex communication in the United States by reviewing studies published from 2003 to 2015...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057589/microsurgical-clipping-of-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysms-a-single-surgeon-s-experience-over-sixteen-years
#14
Anil Nanda, Devi Prasad Patra, Shyamal C Bir, Tanmoy K Maiti, Piyush Kalakoti, Papireddy Bollam
INTRODUCTION: Unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA) have become an issue of greater significance as their detection rates have increased over the years. We present the overall experience of microsurgical clipping of unruptured aneurysms by a single surgeon over a period of more than 16 years. METHODS: The clinical and radiological data were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical outcome at follow-up was assessed by Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), and angiograms were reviewed for the degree of occlusion...
January 2, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052113/zoonoses-in-veterinary-students-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
Antonio Sánchez, Miranda Prats-van der Ham, Juan Tatay-Dualde, Ana Paterna, Christian de la Fe, Ángel Gómez-Martín, Juan C Corrales, Antonio Contreras
BACKGROUND: Veterinary students face diverse potential sources of zoonotic pathogens since the first years of their academic degree. Such sources include different animal species and pathologic materials which are used at university facilities as well as commercial clinics, farms and other external facilities. OBJECTIVES: The present study utilizes a systematic review of the literature to identify zoonoses described in veterinary students. DATA SOURCES: Web of Science and PubMed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051356/state-of-science-situation-awareness-in-individuals-teams-and-systems
#16
N A Stanton, P M Salmon, G H Walker, E Salas, P A Hancock
Our review addresses one of the most used, but debated, topics in Ergonomics: Situation Awareness (SA). We examine and elaborate upon key SA models. These models are divided into individual SA, team SA and systems SA categories. Despite, or perhaps because of, the debates surrounding SA it remains an enduring theme for research and practice in the domain of Ergonomics, now for over two decades. A contingent approach, which seeks to match different models of SA to different types of ergonomics problem, enables the differences between positions to be revealed and reconciled, and the practitioner guided towards optimum methodological solutions...
January 4, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045192/public-policy-child-development-research-and-boys-at-risk-challenging-enduring-and-necessary-partnership
#17
Marvin Mckinney, Hiram E Fitzgerald, Donna-Marie Winn, Patrick Babcock
Research findings documenting the issues and challenges of boys prebirth through age 5 years have barely penetrated the arena of public policy making nor has it permeated the public agenda of politicians, government, or other funding stakeholders. The purpose of this article is to articulate pathways for researchers to enter into the policy-making process. We review critical issues related to implementing the process of public policy. We argue that the policy process needs to be informed by more dynamic theoretical models of human development, and that researchers and clinicians need to be exposed more deeply to the processes required to inform and subsequently change public policy...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044281/the-effects-of-mental-fatigue-on-physical-performance-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Jeroen Van Cutsem, Samuele Marcora, Kevin De Pauw, Stephen Bailey, Romain Meeusen, Bart Roelands
BACKGROUND: Mental fatigue is a psychobiological state caused by prolonged periods of demanding cognitive activity. It has recently been suggested that mental fatigue can affect physical performance. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the literature on impairment of physical performance due to mental fatigue and to create an overview of the potential factors underlying this effect. METHODS: Two electronic databases, PubMed and Web of Science (until 28 April 2016), were searched for studies designed to test whether mental fatigue influenced performance of a physical task or influenced physiological and/or perceptual responses during the physical task...
January 2, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042919/trajectories-of-depressive-symptoms-for-bereaved-family-members-of-chronically-ill-patients-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Su Ching Kuo, Jia Ling Sun, Siew Tzuh Tang
AIMS/OBJECTIVES: To synthesise concepts of distinct depressive-symptom trajectories in published studies by establishing a measurable standard and estimate the prevalence of recategorised trajectories for bereaved families of chronically ill patients. BACKGROUND: Grieving is a dynamic/individualised process. In studies treating depressive-symptom trajectories as heterogeneous, different criteria were used to identify distinct trajectories, resulting in inconsistent findings...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040320/semimembranosus-tenosynovitis-diagnosis-and-management-of-a-commonly-missed-cause-of-posteromedial-knee-pain
#20
Joel K Melton, Arman Memarzadeh, William H Dunbar, Mervyn J Cross
BACKGROUND: In orthopedic and sports medicine literature there is minimal information regarding accurate diagnosis and the treatment options for tenosynovitis of the distal semimembranosus tendon. After reviewing the literature, the authors question both the etiology and treatment of this condition. Previous descriptions have associated the condition primarily with the endurance athlete but we have noted multiple cases in which this is a condition common to the 'sprinter' as well. There has been very little mention of this condition in recent literature but the most recent complete description of operative treatment for this condition recommends both tendon transfer and concomitant arthroscopy...
December 28, 2016: Knee
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