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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439613/the-role-of-delayed-head-ct-in-evaluation-of-elderly-blunt-head-trauma-victims-taking-antithrombotic-therapy
#1
D Scantling, C Fischer, R Gruner, A Teichman, B McCracken, J Eakins
INTRODUCTION: Increasing active longevity has created an increasing surge of elderly trauma patients. The majority of these patients suffer blunt trauma and many are taking antithrombotic agents. The literature is mixed regarding the utility of routine repeat head CT in patients taking antithrombotic medications with a GCS of 15 and initial negative head CT. We hypothesized that scheduled delayed CT head 12 h after admission (D-CTH) in elderly blunt trauma victims would not identify clinically significant new hemorrhages or change management...
April 24, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439228/from-engrams-to-pathologies-of-the-brain
#2
REVIEW
Christine A Denny, Evan Lebois, Steve Ramirez
Memories are the experiential threads that tie our past to the present. The biological realization of a memory is termed an engram-the enduring biochemical and physiological processes that enable learning and retrieval. The past decade has witnessed an explosion of engram research that suggests we are closing in on boundary conditions for what qualifies as the physical manifestation of memory. In this review, we provide a brief history of engram research, followed by an overview of the many rodent models available to probe memory with intersectional strategies that have yielded unprecedented spatial and temporal resolution over defined sets of cells...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434152/compression-garments-and-recovery-from-exercise-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Freddy Brown, Conor Gissane, Glyn Howatson, Ken van Someren, Charles Pedlar, Jessica Hill
BACKGROUND: Adequate recovery from exercise is essential to maintain performance throughout training and competition. While compression garments (CG) have been demonstrated to accelerate recovery, the literature is clouded by conflicting results and uncertainty over the optimal conditions of use. OBJECTIVES: A meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effects of CG on the recovery of strength, power and endurance performance following an initial bout of resistance, running, or non-load-bearing endurance (metabolic) exercise...
April 22, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434144/peer-coaching-interventions-for-parents-of-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#4
REVIEW
Carrie Tully, Caitlin Shneider, Maureen Monaghan, Marisa E Hilliard, Randi Streisand
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Peer support is a promising model of providing psychosocial support to parents of children with type 1 diabetes. This review seeks to discuss the findings of the existing literature in peer coaching as it relates to parents and diabetes as well as to identify gaps in knowledge for future intervention development and implementation. RECENT FINDINGS: Peer support programs vary widely with regard to recruitment, training, and delivery protocols. Across most programs, ongoing support and supervision are provided to peer coaches...
June 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426521/a-history-of-the-western-institute-of-nursing-and-its-communicating-nursing-research-conferences
#5
Paula A McNeil, Carol A Lindeman
BACKGROUND: The Western Institute of Nursing (WIN) celebrated its 60th anniversary and the 50th Annual Communicating Nursing Research Conference in April 2017. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide a brief history of the origin, development, and accomplishments of WIN and its Communicating Nursing Research conferences. APPROACH: Historical documents and conference proceedings were reviewed. SUMMARY: WIN was created in 1957 as the Western Council on Higher Education for Nursing under the auspices of the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education...
April 20, 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426517/effects-of-betaine-supplementation-on-muscle-strength-and-power-a-systematic-review
#6
Ahmed Ismaeel
Betaine has recently gotten much attention for its potential role as an ergogenic aid and has become a common ingredient in peri-workout dietary supplements. The purpose of this systematic review of the literature was to investigate the effects of betaine supplementation on muscular strength and power. A computerized literature search of 3 databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, and Scopus) was performed. Included in the review were randomized controlled trials that measured muscle strength, power, and/or endurance in healthy participants...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424947/neurodevelopmental-effects-of-antiepileptic-drugs
#7
Marissa Kellogg, Kimford J Meador
Increasing evidence suggests that exposure to certain antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) during critical periods of development may induce transient or long-lasting neurodevelopmental deficits across cognitive, motor and behavioral domains. The developing nervous system may endure prolonged chronic exposure to AEDs during pregnancy (in utero) or during childhood, which can lead to neurodevelopmental defects such as congenital neural tube defects, lower IQ, language deficits, autism and ADHD. To date, valproate is the most widely recognized AED to significantly negatively affect neurodevelopment, and demonstrates greater adverse effects than any other AEDs that have been assessed...
April 19, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413958/anti-fatigue-effects-of-active-ingredients-from-traditional-chinese-medicine-a-review
#8
Si-Si Zhou, Jian-Guo Jiang
Fatigue, a phenomenon which is believed to be caused by body exercise, can lead to the failure of predetermined exercise intensity maintenance and sport ability declination. The usage of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of fatigue has long been practiced in clinical and showed significant effects. This article covers related literatures in recent years and sorts the effective ingredients from TCM for treating fatigue into a few categories including alkaloids, saponins, polysaccharides, polyphenols, polypeptide, terpene, proteins and other active ingredients...
April 14, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410504/exercise-training-in-older-adults-what-effects-on-muscle-oxygenation-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Elie Fiogbé, Verena de Vassimon-Barroso, Anielle Cristhine de Medeiros Takahashi
AIM: To determine the effects of different modality of exercise training programs on muscle oxygenation in older adults. METHODS: Relevant articles were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct and Scopus, using the keywords: "Aged" AND "Muscle oxygenation" AND (Exercise OR "Exercise therapy" OR "Exercise Movement Techniques" OR Hydrotherapy), without limitation concerning the publication date. To be included in the full analysis, the study had to be a randomized controlled trial in which older adults participants (mean age: 65 years at least) were submitted to an exercise-training program and muscle oxygenation assessment...
March 20, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409889/mobilization-patterns-of-children-on-a-hematology-oncology-inpatient-ward
#10
Krista Johnston, Robin Deliva, Cathy Evans
BACKGROUND: Children being treated for cancer are admitted to the hospital for treatment of their disease or complications of therapy. Periods of bed rest during hospitalization can cause impairments detrimental to children with cancer who endure many side effects of therapy. Little is known about how these children mobilize while admitted to the hospital. The purpose of this study was to examine how children admitted to a hematology/oncology ward are mobilizing and analyze factors associated with delayed or infrequent mobility...
April 14, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409758/improving-neonatal-intubation-safety-a-journey-of-a-thousand-miles
#11
T Sawyer, E E Foglia, L Dupree Hatch, A Moussa, A Ades, L Johnston, A Nishisaki
Neonatal intubation is one of the most common procedures performed by neonatologists, however, the procedure is extremely difficult, and high risk. Neonates who endure the procedure often experience adverse events, including bradycardia and severe oxygen desaturations. Because of low first attempt success rates, neonates are often subjected to multiple intubation attempts before the endotracheal tube is successfully placed. These factors conspire to make intubation one of the most dangerous procedures in neonatal medicine...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403029/secular-trends-in-the-physical-fitness-of-united-states-army-recruits-on-entry-to-service-1975-2013
#12
Joseph Knapik, Marilyn Sharp, Ryan A Steelman
A systematic literature search was conducted to identify and analyze articles that reported on physical fitness of new United States (US) Army recruits. The National Library of Medicine's PubMed and the Defense Technical Information Center, were searched using the keywords {military personnel OR trainee OR recruit OR soldier} AND {physical fitness OR strength OR endurance OR flexibility OR balance OR coordination OR muscle contraction OR running OR exercise OR physical conditioning}. Reference lists of obtained articles and contact with authors enhanced the search...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401522/classic-hallucinogens-and-mystical-experiences-phenomenology-and-neural-correlates
#13
Frederick S Barrett, Roland R Griffiths
This chapter begins with a brief review of descriptions and definitions of mystical-type experiences and the historical connection between classic hallucinogens and mystical experiences. The chapter then explores the empirical literature on experiences with classic hallucinogens in which claims about mystical or religious experiences have been made. A psychometrically validated questionnaire is described for the reliable measurement of mystical-type experiences occasioned by classic hallucinogens. Controlled laboratory studies show that under double-blind conditions that provide significant controls for expectancy bias, psilocybin can occasion complete mystical experiences in the majority of people studied...
March 26, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387208/validation-of-an-instrument-to-assess-the-mental-capacity-to-sign-an-enduring-power-of-attorney
#14
R Sf Ko, V Wc Lui, K C Lai, C Cy Chiu, L Cw Lam
OBJECTIVE: To describe the validation of an instrument to assess the mental capacity of an individual to sign an enduring power of attorney. METHODS: An instrument named Capacity Assessment to Sign an Enduring Power of Attorney (CASEPA) was developed following a literature review, focus group discussions, expert reviews, and pilot testing. Chinese persons aged ≥ 60 years who had a range of cognitive abilities were recruited from elderly care centres in Hong Kong to explore its psychometric properties...
March 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385926/critical-care-air-transport-team-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-short-term-outcomes-during-flight-for-operation-iraqi-freedom-operation-enduring-freedom
#15
L Renee Boyd, J Borawski, J Lairet, A T Limkakeng
INTRODUCTION: Our understanding of the expertise and equipment required to air transport injured soldiers with severe traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) continue to evolve. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of characteristics, interventions required and short-term outcomes of patients with severe TBI managed by the US Air Force Critical Care Air Transport Teams (CCATTs) deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom between 1 June 2007 and 31 August 2010...
April 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385556/high-intensity-interval-training-for-maximizing-health-outcomes
#16
REVIEW
Trine Karlsen, Inger-Lise Aamot, Mark Haykowsky, Øivind Rognmo
Regular physical activity and exercise training are important actions to improve cardiorespiratory fitness and maintain health throughout life. There is solid evidence that exercise is an effective preventative strategy against at least 25 medical conditions, including cardiovascular disease, stroke, hypertension, colon and breast cancer, and type 2 diabetes. Traditionally, endurance exercise training (ET) to improve health related outcomes has consisted of low- to moderate ET intensity. However, a growing body of evidence suggests that higher exercise intensities may be superior to moderate intensity for maximizing health outcomes...
April 3, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382606/exercise-strategies-to-counteract-brain-aging-effects
#17
Dominika Szalewska, Marek Radkowski, Urszula Demkow, Pawel J Winklewski
Stimulating structural and functional adaptation that improves cognitive performance in specific tasks is the major objective of therapeutic exercise training. In this review we briefly summarize central physiological mechanisms activated by exercise. We further discuss the influence of different kinds of exercise on cognitive improvement. In particular, the effects on cognitive function of aerobic endurance, resistance and respiratory exercise, and combinations thereof are presented. The accumulating evidence reinforces the position that regular aerobic, and possibly also resistance training, offers a powerful tool to cope with biologic aging of central nervous system functions...
April 6, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382529/a-comparison-of-methods-for-determining-the-ventilatory-threshold-implications-for-surgical-risk-stratification
#18
Baruch Vainshelboim, Shravan Rao, Khin Chan, Ricardo M Lima, Euan A Ashley, Jonathan Myers
PURPOSE: The ventilatory threshold (VT) is an objective physiological marker of the capacity of aerobic endurance that has good prognostic applications in preoperative settings. Nevertheless, determining the VT can be challenging due to physiological and methodological issues, especially in evaluating surgical risk. The purpose of the current study was to compare different methods of determining VT and to highlight the implications for assessing perioperative risk. METHODS: Our study entailed analysis of 445 treadmill cardiopulmonary exercise tests from 140 presurgical candidates with an aortic abdominal aneurysm (≥3...
April 5, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376639/the-effect-of-symptom-controlling-medication-on-gait-outcomes-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#19
Kate Behm, Prue Morgan
PURPOSE: To synthesise and critically appraise randomised controlled trials examining the effect of symptom-controlling medication on gait outcomes in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD: The literature search examined five databases (Medline, Embase, AMED, Cochrane (CENTRAL), and CINAHL until the end of November 2016. Eligible studies included medication to address symptoms associated with MS and an objective gait outcome measure. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed study quality using structured data extraction forms and the PEDro scale...
April 4, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371913/consumers-responses-to-health-claims-in-the-context-of-other-on-pack-nutrition-information-a-systematic-review
#20
Zenobia Talati, Simone Pettigrew, Bruce Neal, Helen Dixon, Clare Hughes, Bridget Kelly, Caroline Miller
The presence of health claims on food packaging can positively bias consumers' evaluations of foods. This review examined whether cognitive biases endure when other sources of nutrition information [the nutrition facts panel (NFP) and front-of-pack labels] appear on-pack with health claims. The following databases were searched: Web of Science, Ovid, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, Scopus, ProQuest, and Wiley Online Library. The search terms ("health claim*" OR "nutri* claim") AND ("food label*" OR "front of pack") were used to identify studies...
March 21, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
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