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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912973/micro-ureteroscopy-for-the-treatment-of-distal-ureteral-calculi-in-children
#1
Mehmet Mazhar Utanğaç, Ahmet Ali Sancaktutar, Abdulkadir Tepeler
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of micro-ureteroscopy (micro-URS) in the management of distal ureteral stones in the pediatric population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 11 children, who had undergone micro-URS between September 2015 and April 2016 with the indication of distal ureteral calculi in two referral centers, were retrospectively evaluated. The procedures were performed with the patient in the lithotomy position under general anesthesia using the standard URS technique with a micro-ureteroscope that has a caliber of 4...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909627/recurrence-of-childhood-nephrogenic-adenoma-in-urinary-bladder-developed-four-years-after-previous-surgery-despite-intravesical-sodium-hyaluronate-therapy
#2
Burak Özçift, Ayper Kaçar, Hüseyin Tuğrul Tiryaki
Nephrogenic adenoma (NA) is a rarely seen benign metaplastic lesion of the urinary tract. Its etiology is uncertain, but induced by chronic inflammation, irritation, and trauma. NA is located in the urinary tract, most commonly in the bladder. NA usually presents with hematuria and lower urinary tract symptoms. In the literature it is mostly seen in adults but about 30 cases of NA's have been reported in children. Treatment of intravesical lesions consists of transurethral resection (TUR) and fulguration and rarely partial or total cystectomy may be required in ineffective TUR...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889724/phenotype-of-dent-disease-in-a-cohort-of-indian-children
#3
Swati Bhardwaj, Ranjeet Thergaonkar, Aditi Sinha, Pankaj Hari, Cheong Hi, Arvind Bagga
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and genotypic features of Dent disease in children diagnosed at our center over a period of 10 years. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Pediatric Nephrology Clinic at a referral center in Northern India. METHODS: The medical records of patients with Dent disease diagnosed and followed up at this hospital from June 2005 to April 2015 were reviewed. The diagnosis of Dent disease was based on presence of all three of the following: (i) low molecular weight proteinuria, (ii) hypercalciuria and (iii) one of the following: nephrolithiasis, hematuria, hypophosphatemia or renal insufficiency, with or without mutation in CLCN5 or OCRL1 genes...
November 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867675/a-case-of-thyroid-storm-associated-with-cardiomyopathy-and-poststreptococcal-glomerulonephritis
#4
Lisa J Underland, Gerson A Vallencia Villeda, Abhijeet Pal, Leslie Lam
Thyroid storm has a high mortality rate and is often associated with a precipitating factor such as intercurrent illness or infection. It is rare in pediatric patients. Cardiac disease in hyperthyroidism mostly manifests itself as tachycardia but more serious cardiac findings have also been described. A 5-year-old male with recent strep throat infection presented with dilated cardiomyopathy, hematuria, and symptoms and lab findings consistent with severe hyperthyroidism. He was diagnosed with thyroid storm secondary to concurrent Graves' disease and poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (PSGN)...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820132/renal-tumors-in-children-younger-than-12-months-of-age-a-65-year-single-institution-review
#5
Margaret G Lamb, Jennifer H Aldrink, Sarah H O'Brien, Han Yin, Michael A Arnold, Mark A Ranalli
Wilms tumor (WT) is the most prevalent pediatric renal tumor and most commonly occurs between ages 1 and 5 years. Data are lacking on children younger than 12 months with renal tumors. The cancer registry at the authors' institution was queried to identify patients 12 months and younger with renal masses. Demographics, clinical presentation, histopathology, stage, and survival outcomes were reviewed. The most common presenting symptoms included an asymptomatic abdominal mass (73%) and hematuria (9%). Histopathology revealed WT in 73% of patients, mesoblastic nephroma in 20%...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813386/retroperitoneoscopic-pyelolithotomy-a-good-alternative-treatment-for-renal-pelvic-calculi-in-children
#6
Bruno Nicolino Cezarino, Rubens Park, Paulo Renato Marcelo Moscardi, Roberto Iglesias Lopes, Francisco T Denes, Miguel Srougi
INTRODUCTION: Nephrolitiasis, once considered an adult disease, has become increasingly prevalent in children, with na increase from 6% to 10 % annually in past 25 years. Kidney stones in pediatric population can result from metabolic diseases in up to 50% of children affected. Other factors associated with litiasis are infection, dietary factors, and anatomic malformations of urinary tract. Standard treatment procedures for pediatric population are similar to adult population. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), ureterorenoscopy (URS), percutaneous nepfrolithotomy (PCNL), as well as laparoscopic and retroperitoneoscopic approaches can be indicated in selected cases...
November 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801486/focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis-in-children
#7
Manel Jellouli, Kamel Abidi, Mouna Askri, Meriem Ferjani, Ouns Naija, Yousra Hammi, Rym Goucha, Tahar Gargah
Background Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) represents 20% of nephrotic syndrome in children. The clinical course and prognosis is heterogeneous in children. The aim of this study was to analyze treatment and outcome of children with FSGS. Methods This retrospective study was conducted in the Department of Pediatrics in Charles Nicolle Hospital during a 15-year period (1996-2010). Results There were 30 children, 16 boys and 14 girls. The mean age was 7 ± 4 years. Nephrotic syndrome was observed in 26 patients, hematuria was noticed in 2 patients and renal insufficiency was detected in 2 patients at presentation...
May 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795625/a-prospective-audit-of-complications-in-100-consecutive-pediatric-percutaneous-renal-biopsies-done-under-real-time-ultrasound-guidance
#8
R Sinha, B Maji, B Sarkar, S Meur
Despite being a common procedure, percutaneous renal biopsy (PRB) carries the potential for complications. The British Association of Paediatric Nephrologist (BAPN) has published standards for pediatric PRB. As Indian data are scarce, we conducted a prospective audit of 100 consecutive pediatric renal biopsies (60% males) under real-time ultrasound guidance. Nephrotic syndrome was the most common indication for PRB (68%) with minimal change disease (30%) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (25%) being the most common histopathological lesions...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793653/urologic-outcomes-of-children-with-hemorrhagic-cystitis-after-bone-marrow-transplant-at-a-single-institution
#9
Jason K Au, Christopher Graziano, Rodolfo A Elizondo, Sheila Ryan, David R Roth, Chester J Koh, Edmond T Gonzales, Duong T Tu, Nicolette Janzen, Swati Naik, Abhishek Seth
OBJECTIVE: To analyzed clinical outcomes and the risk factors associated with genitourinary (GU) morbidity and mortality in children who present with Hemorrhagic Cystitis (HC) after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients with HC who had undergone BMT at a single pediatric hospital from 2008-2015 was conducted. Demographic data, severity of hematuria, HC management, and mortality were analyzed. Bivariate analysis and binary logistic regression were performed to identify risk factors...
October 25, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790304/acute-page-kidney-immediately-following-blunt-trauma-to-a-solitary-pediatric-kidney
#10
Nicole Tuong, Michael Daugherty, Jonathan Riddell
Page kidney refers to the occurrence of hypertension secondary to renal compression and is usually associated with a subcapsular or perinephric hematoma. It generally occurs weeks to months after the initial injury. We report on a case of Page kidney occurring acutely after Grade IV blunt renal trauma in a pediatric patient with a solitary kidney following a tobogganing accident. The child was initially managed conservatively and discharged after six days bed-rest. He re-presented post-injury Day 12 with recurrent hematuria, anemia, hypertension, and renal failure that required eventual, and successful, surgical exploration...
May 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780500/adverse-events-following-diagnostic-urethral-catheterization-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#11
Julie Ouellet-Pelletier, Chantal Guimont, Marie Gauthier, Jocelyn Gravel
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess adverse events associated with diagnostic urethral catheterization (UC) in young children and to determine their impact on the patient and their family. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study conducted in the emergency department of a tertiary-care pediatric hospital. All 3- to 24-month-old children with fever who had a diagnostic UC were eligible. Parents who consented to participate were contacted by phone within 7 to 10 days after the UC to answer a standardized questionnaire inquiring about complications...
November 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780167/do-jj-stents-increase-the-effectiveness-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-for-pediatric-renal-stones
#12
Metin Gündüz, Tamer Sekmenli, İlhan Ciftci, Ahmet Midhat Elmacı
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the effects of preoperative urinary catheterization in nephrolithiasis treatment with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). METHODS: Patients admitted to the Department of Pediatric Surgery for renal stones between June 2012 and June 2014 were evaluated retrospectively. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on JJ stent placements. Group 1 did not receive JJ stents, while group 2 did. The recorded demographic data for each group included age, gender, stone size, location, sessions, and complications...
October 26, 2016: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704510/nephrocalcinosis-in-tunisian-children
#13
Manel Jellouli, Wiem Karoui, Kamel Abidi, Yousra Hammi, Ouns Naija, Chokri Zarrouk, Jaouida Abdelmoula, Tahar Gargah
Background Nephrocalcinosis is rare in children. Its etiologies are multiple. The aim of this study was to analyze the etiology of nephrocalcinosis in Tunisian children. Methods This retrospective study was conducted in the department of pediatrics in Charles Nicolle Hospital during a period of 10 years (2001-2010). Results There were 40 children. The mean age was 3.5 years. The most common signs and symptoms at presentation were growth retardation (42.5%) and hematuria (53.8%). At presentation, renal failure was detected in 70% of patients...
April 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642522/acute-kidney-injury-and-atypical-features-during-pediatric-poststreptococcal-glomerulonephritis
#14
Rose M Ayoob, Andrew L Schwaderer
The most common acute glomerulonephritis in children is poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (PSGN) usually occurring between 3 and 12 years old. Hypertension and gross hematuria are common presenting symptoms. Most PSGN patients do not experience complications, but rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis and hypertensive encephalopathy have been reported. This paper reports 17 patients seen in 1 year for PSGN including 4 with atypical PSGN, at a pediatric tertiary care center. Seventeen children (11 males), mean age of 8 years, were analyzed...
2016: International Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633911/ossifying-renal-tumor-of-infancy-orit-the-clinicopathological-and-cytogenetic-feature-of-two-cases-and-literature-review
#15
Wenbin Guan, Yu Yan, Wenguang He, Meng Qiao, Yi Liu, Yanhua Wang, Bo Jiang, Wenwei Yu, Ruifen Wang, Lifeng Wang
Ossifying renal tumor of infancy (ORTI) is a rare benign pediatric renal tumor, which has typical clinical and pathological features. In this article, the histological features, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay of two cases of ORTI were performed and the literatures were reviewed. Both of the patients presented to hospital with painless gross hematuria without other symptoms. One is 6 months old male, another is 5-month-old. After several diagnostic procedures, they underwent surgery and the histological diagnosis of ORTI was finally made...
November 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625318/incidence-and-causes-of-urolithiasis-in-children-between-0-2-years
#16
Erkin Serdaroglu, Mahfuz Aydogan, Kadriye Ozdemir, Mustafa Bak
BACKGROUND: Urolithiasis (UL) is a common problem in pediatric nephrology practice. About 9-23% of all pediatric UL cases consist of patients under 1 years old. The aim of the present study was to determine etiologic causes, clinical features and short term prognosis of urolithiasis in the first two years of life. METHODS: Two-hundred children between 0-2 years of age (mean age 10.3±6.1 months) with urolithiasis were included to the study. All children were completely evaluated for urolithiasis etiology...
September 13, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593922/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-case-report-of-a-17-year-old
#17
Ismail Yağmur, Burak Turna, Ali Tekin, Emir Akıncıoğlu, Bnu Sarsık, İbrahim Ulman
INTRODUCTION: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is generally common in men older than 50 years of age but is extremely rare in childhood. In the literature to date, fewer than five cases have been reported under 18 years of age. Owing to the limited number of cases, the etiology and management of BPH in the first two decades is not clear. OBJECTIVE: We herein report a 17-year-old boy who presented with acute urinary retention due to BPH and was treated with endoscopic transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P)...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573641/iga-nephropathy-in-children-a-multicenter-study-in-poland
#18
M Mizerska-Wasiak, A Turczyn, A Such, K Cichoń-Kawa, J Małdyk, M Miklaszewska, J Pietrzyk, A Rybi-Szumińska, A Wasilewska, A Firszt-Adamczyk, R Stankiewicz, M Szczepańska, B Bieniaś, M Zajączkowska, A Pukajło-Marczyk, D Zwolińska, K Siniewicz-Luzeńczyk, M Tkaczyk, K Gadomska-Prokop, R Grenda, U Demkow, M Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common form of glomerulonephritis in pediatric population. The clinical presentation of the disease in children ranges from microscopic hematuria to end-stage kidney disease. The aim of the study was to retrospectively assess clinical and kidney biopsy features in children with IgAN. We assessed a cohort of 140 children, 88 boys, 52 girls with the diagnosis of IgAN in the period of 2000-2015, entered into the national Polish pediatric IgAN registry. The assessment included the following: proteinuria, hematuria, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), arterial blood pressure, and the renal pathological changes according to the Oxford classification and crescents formation, as modifiable and unmodifiable risk factors...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548740/outcome-of-benign-acute-childhood-myositis-the-experience-of-2-large-tertiary-care-pediatric-hospitals
#19
Tom Rosenberg, Shmuel Heitner, Dennis Scolnik, Einav Levin Ben-Adiva, Ayelet Rimon, Miguel Glatstein
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to determine the evolution of benign acute childhood myositis in children and to assess the relationship between creatine phosphokinase (CPK) values and myoglobinuria. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of patients with benign acute childhood myositis seen in 2 tertiary care university-affiliated pediatric hospitals during overlapping 4-year periods. METHODS: Demographic data, historical details, clinical, and laboratory results were extracted from the charts of children younger than 16 years with a CPK greater than 3 times normal...
August 20, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478910/assessment-of-chronic-renal-injury-from-melamine-associated-pediatric-urolithiasis-an-eighteen-month-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Jian Gao, Fei Wang, Xinyu Kuang, Rong Chen, Jia Rao, Bin Wang, Wenyan Li, Haimei Liu, Qian Shen, Xiang Wang, Hong Xu
BACKGROUND: The illegal use of melamine in powdered baby formula resulted in a widespread outbreak of melamine-associated pediatric urolithiasis and kidney damage in China in 2008. We conducted this study because more needs to be known about the long-term effects of melamine-associated urolithiasis and kidney damage. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prognosis and long-term implications of chronic kidney damage in children with urolithiasis resulting from melamine consumption...
July 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
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