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pediatric hematuria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937067/histopathological-patterns-of-renal-diseases-in-egyptian-children-a-single-center-experience
#1
Maher Ahmed Abdel-Hafez, Hend Abdel-Nabi, Mohamed El-Gamasy, Hossam Zayton, Ibrahim Nassar
The present cross-sectional, retrospective study was aimed to determine the histopathological spectrum of renal diseases in Egyptian children and to evaluate the indications, safety, and efficacy of percutaneous renal biopsy (PRB) in a large tertiary center in Egypt. PRBs performed at the Department of Pediatrics, Tanta University Hospital over a period of nine years (from January 2007 to December 2015) were included. Light microscopic (LM) examination was performed in all cases while immunofluorescence and electron microscopic examination were performed in selected cases...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855777/characteristics-and-management-of-blunt-renal-injury-in-children
#2
Yuichi Ishida, Alan H Tyroch, Nader Emami, Susan F McLean
BACKGROUND: Renal trauma in the pediatric population is predominately due to blunt mechanism of injury. Our purpose was to determine the associated injuries, features, incidence, management, and outcomes of kidney injuries resulting from blunt trauma in the pediatric population in a single level I trauma center. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart and trauma registry review of all pediatric blunt renal injuries at a regional level I trauma center that provides care to injured adults and children...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774588/percutaneous-nephrostomy-placement-in-infants-and-young-children
#3
J Y Hwang, J H Shin, Y J Lee, H M Yoon, Y A Cho, K S Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and clinical effectiveness of ultrasound and fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) placement in infants and young children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2000 and December 2015, 57 patients had a total of 66 fluoroscopically guided PCN placement procedures. There were 37 boys and 20 girls with a mean age 8.6±15.3 (SD) months (range: 1 day-75.5months). The most common underlying disease was upper-urinary-tract obstruction, including ureteropelvic-junction stenosis (27/66, 40...
July 31, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752022/ultrasound-imaging-of-cystic-nephroma
#4
REVIEW
Federico Greco, Eliodoro Faiella, Domiziana Santucci, Delia De Lisi, Gianguido Lo Vullo, Bruno Beomonte Zobel, Rosario Francesco Grasso
Cystic nephroma is a rare, benign multicystic lesion of the kidney. This tumor occurs both in children and in adults. In children, it is highly prevalent in males; in adults, it is more frequent in women. The term "cystic nephroma" represents two apparently different entities: pediatric cystic nephroma, a benign form thought to originate from metanephric tissue, and adult cystic nephroma, considered as a lesion of mixed epithelial stromal tumor. The clinical presentation may be a palpable mass or nonspecific symptoms such as abdominal pain, hematuria, and urinary tract infections...
2017: Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748888/childhood-idiopathic-steroid-resistant-nephrotic-syndrome-at-a-single-center-in-khartoum
#5
El-Tigani M A Ali, Hanna F K Makki, Mohamed B Abdelraheem, Salwa O Makke, Rashid A Allidir
Prevalence, clinicopathological features, and outcome of childhood idiopathic steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (ISRNS) vary in different countries. We report on these parameters in a single center in Khartoum. We retrospectively reviewed all the records of children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) followed up in the pediatric renal unit, Soba Hospital, Khartoum between 2001 and 2012. ISRNS was defined as no remission within four weeks of daily prednisolone at a dose of 60 mg/m2. In 430 children with INS 130 (28%) had SRNS with a mean age of 7...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737266/nephrolithiasis-a-complication-of-pediatric-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#6
Sungeeta Agrawal, Robin Kremsdorf, Serife Uysal, Meghan E Fredette, Lisa Swartz Topor
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of nephrolithiasis as a complication of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in pediatrics. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients with DKA admitted to a pediatric hospital between January 2009 and July 2016. We identified patients with nephrolithiasis during admission for DKA. RESULTS: We identified 395 episodes of DKA over 7.5 years. Nephrolithiasis developed as a complication of DKA in 3 of those admissions (0...
July 24, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690234/-pcdh19-gene-mutations-lead-to-epilepsy-with-mental-retardation-limited-to-females-in-2-cases-and-literature-review
#7
Li Yang, Ahmed Arafat, Jing Peng, Chen Chen, Yuping Ma, Fei Yin
Epilepsy with mental retardation limited to females (EFMR) is a syndrome characterized by early onset heat-sensitive epilepsy of infancy or early childhood and generally limited to females, which previously reported that the cadherin gene superfamily subtype protocadherin 19 (PCDH19) gene is its pathogenic gene. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data for 2 cases of EFMR patients with PCDH19 mutation diagnosed by Department of Pediatric Neurology of Xiangya Hospital, Central South University in 2015. Literature on PubMed, OMIM and HGMD relevant to this syndrome was reviewed, and the clinical characteristics were summarized accordingly...
June 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683770/laparoscopic-ureterocalicostomy-for-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-in-a-10-year-old-female-patient-a-case-report
#8
Yoko Nishimura, Kimihiko Moriya, Michiko Nakamura, Takeya Kitta, Yukiko Kanno, Hiroki Chiba, Masafumi Kon, Nobuo Shinohara
BACKGROUND: Ureterocalicostomy is indicated mainly in cases with failed pyeloplasty or with a completely intrarenal pelvis. While there have been several case series reported in adults, laparoscopic ureterocalicostomy in pediatric cases has rarely been reported. We report a case of pure laparoscopic ureterocalicostomy for ureteropelvic junction obstruction in an Asian female child. CASE PRESENTATION: A 10-year-old female patient was referred to our hospital due to right high-grade hydronephrosis and a right renal stone, which was detected due to hematuria...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652957/a-retrospective-study-of-acute-renal-failure-in-children-its-incidence-etiology-complications-and-prognosis
#9
Kadar Ismail Hassan, Jama Hodan M, Chunfu Li
BACKGROUND: Acute renal failure (ARF) developed due to various causes and may lead to significant morbidity and mortality among pediatric patients. OBJECTIVES: The study was conducted to determine the incidence, etiology, outcome of treatment and clinical presentation of ARF in pediatric patients in Somalia. METHODS: Comprehensive case history of 39 pediatric patients below 12 years of age, admitted with renal diseases in four tertiary care hospitals in Hargeisa and Borama cities in Somalia during December 2015 to November 2016...
May 25, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632657/role-of-computed-tomography-in-the-classification-of-pediatric-pelvic-fractures-revisited
#10
Melissa A Bent, William L Hennrikus, Johan E Latorre, Douglas G Armstrong, Brian Shaw, Kerwyn C Jones, Lee S Segal
OBJECTIVES: To determine the need for computerized tomography (CT) scans in the assessment of pediatric pelvic fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective Chart Review. SETTING: Level-1 Pediatric Trauma Center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Thirty pediatric trauma patients with pelvic fractures who have obtained both a radiograph and CT scan. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Fleiss Kappa coefficient to compare interreliability...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621639/outcome-of-the-double-j-stent-placement-in-pediatric-kidney-transplant-a-single-center-experience
#11
Hakan Sözen, Onur Özen, Kibriya Fidan, Oğuz Söylemezoğlu, Aydın Dalgıç
OBJECTIVES: Double J stent placement at kidney transplant may reduce stenosis or leakage complication rates. However, placement may also increase risk for early urinary tract infection (ie, < 3 mo after transplant). In children, the usefulness of double J stent placement is not well defined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data from children who received transplants at the Gazi University Transplantation Center and Pediatric Nephrology (Ankara, Turkey) for outcomes related to double J stents...
June 16, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590826/minimally-invasive-treatment-of-pediatric-extrinsic-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-by-crossing-polar-vessels-is-vascular-hitching-a-definitive-solution-report-of-a-multicenter-survey
#12
Salvatore Fabio Chiarenza, Cosimo Bleve, Paolo Caione, Maria Escolino, Simona Gerocarni Nappo, Rosa Perretta, Angela La Manna, Ciro Esposito
BACKGROUND: This article aimed to evaluate the outcome of laparoscopic vascular hitch (VH) as an effective alternative to dismembered pyeloplasty in the treatment of children with extrinsic ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) by crossing vessels (CVs), by reporting the experience of three Italian centers of Pediatric Surgery. METHODS: From 2006 to 2014, 54 children (18 girls and 36 boys, average age 10.7 years) affected by suspected extrinsic UPJO by CV were treated in three different institutions: 51 patients underwent laparoscopic VH, while 3 patients, in which a coexisting intrinsic etiology of UPJO was doubtful, underwent laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty...
September 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540445/indications-for-kidney-biopsy-in-idiopathic-childhood-nephrotic-syndrome
#13
Alanoud Alshami, Abishek Roshan, Marisa Catapang, Jasper J Jöbsis, Trevor Kwok, Nonnie Polderman, Jennifer Sibley, Matt Sibley, Cherry Mammen, Douglas G Matsell
BACKGROUND: Most cases of childhood nephrotic syndrome (NS) are due to minimal change disease (MCD), while a minority of children have focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and an unfavorable clinical course, requiring a kidney biopsy to confirm diagnosis. We hypothesized that clinical characteristics at diagnosis and initial response to corticosteroid treatment accurately predict FSGS and can be used to guide consistent practice in the indications for kidney biopsy. METHODS: This was a case control study (1990-2012)...
May 24, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484665/retrospective-review-of-pediatric-blunt-renal-trauma-a-single-institution-s-five-year-experience
#14
Carly R Richards, Margaret E Clark, Ronald S Sutherland, Russell K Woo
Children are at higher risk of renal injury from blunt trauma than adults due to a variety of anatomic factors such as decreased perirenal fat, weaker abdominal muscles, and a less ossified thoracic cage. Non-operative management is gaining in popularity for even major injuries, although there are no universally accepted guidelines. We present a retrospective review of pediatric major blunt renal injuries (grade 3 or higher) at a children's hospital in Hawai'i over a 5-year period. Medical records were examined between January 2009 and September 2014 from Kapi'olani Medical Center for Women and Children in Honolulu, Hawai'i...
May 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470578/acute-hemorrhagic-edema-of-infancy-the-experience-of-a-large-tertiary-pediatric-center-in-israel
#15
Limor Parker, Keren Shahar-Nissan, Liat Ashkenazi-Hoffnung, Liora Harel, Jacob Amir, Omer Trivizki, Efraim Bilavsky
BACKGROUND: Acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy (AHEI) is a rare leukocytoclastic vasculitis of the small vessels occurring at a young age and considered as a benign self-limited disease. Due to its low prevalence, there are limited data on the presentation and complications of this disease. METHODS: All computerized files of children who were hospitalized at a tertiary pediatric center due to AHEI over a 10 year period were reviewed. Clinical, laboratory and histopathological data were collected...
August 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438624/bladder-recurrence-of-clear-cell-sarcoma-of-the-kidney-seven-years-after-initial-presentation
#16
John Weaver, Tammy Ho, Adam Lang, Joel F Koenig, Douglas E Coplen, Louis Dehner, Erica J Traxel
Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK) is the second most common pediatric renal malignancy after Wilms tumor. CCSK has the potential to metastasize to distant sites and was historically known as the bone metastasizing renal tumor. We report an exceedingly rare case of a bladder recurrence of CCSK. Our patient presented with gross hematuria 7 years after initial complete response. He was found to have a large sessile bladder tumor and underwent a partial cystectomy with right pelvic lymph node dissection. Final pathology was metastatic CCSK...
August 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434051/evidence-of-a-link-between-fever-and-microscopic-hematuria-in-children
#17
Rama Schwartz, Rotem Distal, Arthur Shapiro, Yehezkel Waisman
Despite the common conception that febrile illnesses are associated with microscopic hematuria in children, a review of the literature failed to disclose supportive evidence. The aim of this study was to evaluate this relationship. Background data were collected for a convenience sample of children aged 4-18 years who presented to the emergency department (ED) of a tertiary pediatric medical center. Vital signs were measured and a midstream urine specimen was collected. Specimens positive for the presence of blood (>5 erythrocytes/μl; Combur 10 Test Strips) were examined microscopically...
June 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406853/the-role-of-computed-tomography-in-the-classification-of-pediatric-pelvic-fractures-revisited
#18
Bent Ma, Hennrikus Wl, Latorre Je, Armstrong Dg, Shaw B, Jones Kc, Segal Ls
OBJECTIVES: To determine the need of CT scans in the assessment of pediatric pelvic fractures DESIGN:: Retrospective Chart Review SETTING:: Level-1 Pediatric Trauma CenterPatients/Participants: 30 pediatric trauma patients with pelvic fractures who have obtained both a radiograph and CT Scan MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:: Fleiss Kappa coefficient to compare inter-reliability. RESULTS: The average age of the patients was 7 years (range 1-13 years). 17 were male and 13 were female...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399927/bk-viruria-and-viremia-in-children-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Nirupama Gupta, Cuong Q Nguyen, Renee F Modica, Melissa E Elder, Eduardo H Garin
BACKGROUND: BK virus (BKV) is a ubiquitous polyoma virus that lies dormant in the genitourinary tract once acquired in early childhood. In states of cellular immunodeficiency, the virus can reactivate to cause hemorrhagic cystitis and nephritis. Children with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have an increased risk of developing infectious complications secondary to their immunocompromised state from the administration of several immuno-modulatory drugs. Currently, there are no data regarding the prevalence of BK viruria or viremia in children with SLE...
April 11, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377653/clinical-and-radiological-evaluation-of-turmeric-powder-as-a-pulpotomy-medicament-in-primary-teeth-an-in-vivo-study
#20
Rajiv N Purohit, Manohar Bhatt, Kanchan Purohit, Jitendra Acharya, Rajesh Kumar, Rakesh Garg
Many plants with biological and antimicrobiological properties have been studied since there has been a relevant increase in the incidence of antibiotic overuse and misuse. In dentistry, phytomedicines have been used as anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, analgesic, and sedative agents. Turmeric is used extensively in foods for its flavor and color, as well as having a long tradition of use in the Chinese and Ayurvedic systems of medicine, particularly as an anti-inflammatory and for the treatment of flatulence, jaundice, menstrual difficulties, hematuria, hemorrhage, and colic...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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