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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531550/barriers-and-facilitators-in-providing-oral-care-to-nursing-home-residents-from-the-perspective-of-care-aides-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Matthias Hoben, Alix Clarke, Kha Tu Huynh, Nadia Kobagi, Angelle Kent, Huimin Hu, Raissa A C Pereira, Tianyuan Xiong, Kexin Yu, Hongjin Xiang, Minn N Yoon
BACKGROUND: Oral health of nursing home residents is generally poor, with severe consequences for residents' general health and quality of life and for the health care system. Care aides in nursing homes provide up to 80% of direct care (including oral care) to residents, but providing oral care is often challenging. Interventions to improve oral care must tailor to identified barriers and facilitators to be effective. This review identifies and synthesizes the evidence on barriers and facilitators care aides perceive in providing oral care to nursing home residents...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530119/update-in-sleep-disordered-breathing-2016
#2
Najib T Ayas, Luciano F Drager, Mary J Morrell, Vsevolod Y Polotsky
The field of sleep disordered breathing has continued to evolve with many important articles published in the last year. In this review, we have summarized some of the key articles relevant to sleep disordered breathing that have been published in the Journal and selected articles published elsewhere in the last year; these have included landmark randomized trials concerning sleep apnea treatment in the prevention of adverse cardiac outcomes, basic science and animal studies, genetic studies, and analyses of epidemiologic cohorts...
May 21, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529842/an-environmental-transfer-hub-for-multimodal-atom-probe-tomography
#3
Daniel E Perea, Stephan S A Gerstl, Jackson Chin, Blake Hirschi, James E Evans
Environmental control during transfer between instruments is required for samples sensitive to air or thermal exposure to prevent morphological or chemical changes prior to analysis. Atom probe tomography is a rapidly expanding technique for three-dimensional structural and chemical analysis, but commercial instruments remain limited to loading specimens under ambient conditions. In this study, we describe a multifunctional environmental transfer hub allowing controlled cryogenic or room-temperature transfer of specimens under atmospheric or vacuum pressure conditions between an atom probe and other instruments or reaction chambers...
2017: Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528940/macromolecular-agents-with-antimicrobial-potentialities-a-drive-to-combat-antimicrobial-resistance
#4
REVIEW
Muhammad Bilal, Tahir Rasheed, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Hongbo Hu, Wei Wang, Xuehong Zhang
In recent years, the antimicrobial resistance (AMR) or multidrug resistance (MDR) has become a serious health concern and major challenging issue, worldwide. After decades of negligence, the AMR has now captured global attention. The increasing number of antibiotic-resistant strains has threatened the achievements of science and medicine since it inactivates conventional antimicrobial therapeutics. Scientists are trying to respond to AMR/MDR threat by exploring innovative platforms and new therapeutic strategies to tackle infections from these resistant strains and bypass treatment limitations related to these pathologies...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528136/the-management-of-the-acute-ischemic-priapism-a-state-of-the-art-review
#5
M Falcone, A Gillo, M Capece, A Raheem, D Ralph, G Garaffa
OBJECTIVE: To review the current literature on early penile prosthesis implantation in patients with refractory ischemic priapism (IP). ACQUISITION OF EVIDENCE: A systematic search for the terms "penile prosthesis", "priapism", "impotence", "fibrosis", "downsized prosthesis cylinders", and "patient satisfaction" has been carried out in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, SCOPUS and Science Citation Index databases. SYNTHESIS OF EVIDENCE: Cavernosal tissue damage in IP is time related...
May 17, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526694/measuring-osmosis-and-hemolysis-of-red-blood-cells
#6
Lauren K Goodhead, Frances M MacMillan
Since the discovery of the composition and structure of the mammalian cell membrane, biologists have had a clearer understanding of how substances enter and exit the cell's interior. The selectively permeable nature of the cell membrane allows the movement of some solutes and prevents the movement of others. This has important consequences for cell volume and the integrity of the cell and, as a result, is of utmost clinical importance, for example in the administration of isotonic intravenous infusions. The concepts of osmolarity and tonicity are often confused by students as impermeant isosmotic solutes such as NaCl are also isotonic; however, isosmotic solutes such as urea are actually hypotonic due to the permeant nature of the membrane...
June 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526661/the-parasol-protocol-an-implementation-science-study-of-hiv-continuum-of-care-interventions-for-gay-men-and-transgender-women-in-burma-myanmar
#7
Andrea L Wirtz, Soe Naing, Emily Clouse, Kaung Htet Thu, Sandra Hsu Hnin Mon, Zin Min Tun, Stefan Baral, Aung Zayar Paing, Chris Beyrer
BACKGROUND: Efforts to improve HIV diagnosis and antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation among people living with HIV and reduce onward transmission of HIV rely on innovative interventions along multiple steps of the HIV care continuum. These innovative methods are particularly important for key populations, including men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TW). The HIV epidemic in Myanmar is concentrated among key populations, and national efforts now focus on reducing stigma and improving engagement of MSM and TW in HIV prevention and care...
May 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526060/comparison-of-the-effect-of-oral-care-with-four-different-antiseptics-to-prevent-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-adults-protocol-for-a-network-meta-analysis
#8
Zhigang Zhang, Yuying Hou, Jun Zhang, Bo Wang, Juxia Zhang, Ailing Yang, Ge Li, Jinhui Tian
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is defined as the occurrence of pneumonia in patients receiving mechanical ventilation for more than 48 h after endotracheal intubation. The implementation of effective oral care with antiseptics may reduce the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia. However, previous studies have been unclear about the best antiseptic for this purpose. Therefore, present protocol proposed to perform a network meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of different antiseptics to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia...
May 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525522/cardiovascular-disease-in-korean-americans-a-systematic-review
#9
Cha-Nam Shin, Colleen Keller, Kyungeh An, Jeongha Sim
BACKGROUND: Despite Korean Americans being one of the fastest growing immigrant groups in the United States, little is known about their cardiovascular health or cardiovascular disease risk factors. PURPOSE: The purpose of this report is to describe the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risks and their contributing factors in Korean Americans and recommend future directions for the development of cardiovascular disease prevention or management research to meet the unique needs of this ethnic group...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524030/-preventive-effect-of-vitamin-b-supplementation-on-recurrent-stroke-a-meta-analysis
#10
Guining Dai, Hongzhen Du, Hongmin Wang, Yujia Wei, Ying Xie, Zengning Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether Vitamin B supplementation could prevent ischemic stroke recurrence. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) observing Vitamin B supplementation in patients with stroke was performed in databases including ScienceDirect, PubMed/Medline, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Data-Base, Wanfang Database, and VIP Chinese Science and Technology Journal Database to find related studies in English or Chinese published before August 2016...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523941/lifestyle-as-medicine-the-case-for-a-true-health-initiative
#11
David L Katz, Elizabeth P Frates, Jonathan P Bonnet, Sanjay K Gupta, Erkki Vartiainen, Richard H Carmona
The power of lifestyle as medicine was perceived thousands of years ago. There is now consistent and compelling science to support the important influence of lifestyle on health. Approximately 80% of chronic disease and premature death could be prevented by not smoking, being physically active, and adhering to a healthful dietary pattern. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, dementia, and cancer are all influenced by lifestyle choices. Despite the ample evidence about what behaviors promote health, confusion still prevails among the general population...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523335/do-medical-students-really-understand-plagiarism-case-study
#12
Oana Badea
In the last decade, more and more medicine students are involved in research, either in the form of a research project within specialized courses or as a scientific article to be presented at student international conferences or published in prestigious medical journals. The present study included 250 2nd year medical students, currently studying within the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania. There were collected 239 responses, with a response rate of 95.6%. In our study, the results showed that foreign students within the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova did have some issues understanding plagiarism with fewer foreign students (34%) than Romanian students (66%) recognizing that simply changing words does not avoid plagiarism...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523252/prevalence-of-sarcopenia-in-the-world-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-general-population-studies
#13
REVIEW
Gita Shafiee, Abbasali Keshtkar, Akbar Soltani, Zeinab Ahadi, Bagher Larijani, Ramin Heshmat
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia, an age-related decline in muscle mass and function, is one of the most important health problems in elderly with a high rate of adverse outcomes. However, several studies have investigated the prevalence of sarcopenia in the world, the results have been inconsistent. The current systematic review and meta- analysis study was conducted to estimate the overall prevalence of sarcopenia in both genders in different regions of the world. METHODS: Electronic databases, including MEDLINE (via PubMed), SCOPUS and Web of Science were searched between January 2009 and December 2016...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523053/seroprevalence-of-transfusion-transmitted-infections-among-different-blood-group-donors-at-blood-bank-lumhs-hyderabad
#14
Faheem Ahmed Memon, Ikram Din Ujjan, Amir Iqbal Memon, Abdul Rehman Shaikh, Ali Raza Rao, Arshi Naz
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of HBsAg, Anti-HCV, HIV, Syphilis and Malaria in blood donors. METHODS: This is a cross sectional descriptive study, conducted at Blood bank and Transfusion center at Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences (LUMHS) Hyderabad, during the period from January, 2014 to June, 2015. A total of 4683 blood donors were screened for HBsAg, Anti-HCV and HIV on Architect 20001 (manufactured by Abbott), employing chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA)...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522571/flt3-and-flt3-itd-phosphorylate-and-inactivate-the-cyclin-dependent-kinase-inhibitor-p27kip1-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#15
Ines Peschel, Silvio R Podmirseg, Martin Taschler, Justus Duyster, Katharina S Götze, Heinz Sill, David Nachbaur, Heidelinde Jäkel, Ludger Hengst
p27Kip1 can prevent cell proliferation by inactivating cyclin-dependent kinases. This function is impaired upon phosphorylation of p27 at tyrosine residue 88. We observed that FLT3 and FLT3-ITD can directly bind and selectively phosphorylate p27 on this residue. Inhibition of FLT3-ITD in cell lines strongly reduced p27 tyrosine 88 phosphorylation and resulted in increased p27 levels and cell cycle arrest. Subsequent analysis revealed the presence of tyrosine 88 phosphorylated p27 in primary patient samples...
May 18, 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522405/challenges-and-opportunities-for-the-development-of-new-antipsychotic-drugs
#16
REVIEW
Carlos Forray, Raimund Buller
In spite of the significant impact that the serendipitous discovery of drugs with antipsychotic properties had on the care of patients with psychotic disorders, there are significant challenges when aiming at therapeutic goals such as remission, recovery, improved health-related quality of life and functioning. The efficacy and effectiveness of existing antipsychotic drugs fail to address the full spectrum of symptoms and functional deficits that currently prevent patients with psychotic disorders from achieving fulfilling lives...
May 15, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521724/hiv-risk-behavior-and-prevention-considerations-among-military-personnel-in-three-caribbean-region-countries-belize-barbados-and-the-dominican-republic
#17
Nakisa Asefnia, Lisa Cowan, Rose Werth
We review research findings and the limitations of recent qualitative and quantitative studies of HIV prevalence and risk behaviors in military populations in three Caribbean countries (Dominican Republic, Belize, and Barbados). This research shows how mental health issues, disordered substance use, and structuring aspects of the occupational field produce and reproduce patterns of risk behaviors. We discuss the use of formative research, the Positive Health, Dignity, and Prevention framework, and the use of implementation science (including research methods that employ alternative methodological assumptions to better elucidate both cultural nuances and unknown components of program impact in different military populations) as a means to tailor individual prevention strategies to military populations...
May 17, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520689/the-course-prediction-and-treatment-of-acute-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review
#18
Eva Visser, Taco Gosens, Brenda Leontine Den Oudsten, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients suffer from acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but it is unknown how these disorders develop over time and when treatment is effective. Our aim was to systematically review (1) the course and predictors of ASD and PTSD after trauma and (2) which and when psychological treatments are effective. METHODS: Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, Cochrane, PubMed, and Google Scholar were searched up to September 14, 2015...
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515014/hiv-and-the-criminalisation-of-drug-use-among-people-who-inject-drugs-a-systematic-review
#19
Kora DeBeck, Tessa Cheng, Julio S Montaner, Chris Beyrer, Richard Elliott, Susan Sherman, Evan Wood, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence suggests that laws and policies prohibiting illegal drug use could have a central role in shaping health outcomes among people who inject drugs (PWID). To date, no systematic review has characterised the influence of laws and legal frameworks prohibiting drug use on HIV prevention and treatment. METHODS: Consistent with PRISMA guidelines, we did a systematic review of peer-reviewed scientific evidence describing the association between criminalisation of drug use and HIV prevention and treatment-related outcomes among PWID...
May 12, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513291/low-cost-mobile-air-pollution-monitoring-in-urban-environments-a-pilot-study-in-lubbock-texas
#20
Grant R McKercher, Jennifer K Vanos
The complex nature of air pollution in urban areas due to meteorological influences and mobile emissions prevents traditional monitoring techniques from obtaining measurements representative of true human exposure. Small, mobile air pollution monitors, however, are useful tools to address this complexity. The current study assessed the capability of low-cost mobile monitors to acquire useful data in a city without a monitoring network in place (Lubbock, Texas) using a bicycle platform. The monitoring campaign resulted in 30 days of data along a 13...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Technology
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