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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345524/recovery-and-performance-in-sport-consensus-statement
#1
Michael Kellmann, Maurizio Bertollo, Laurent Bosquet, Michel Brink, Aaron Coutts, Rob Duffield, Daniel Erlacher, Shona Halson, Anne Hecksteden, Jahan Heidari, Romain Meeusen, Iñigo Mujika, Claudio Robazza, Sabrina Skorski, Ranel Venter, Jürgen Beckmann
The relationship between recovery and fatigue and its impact on performance has attracted the interest of sports science for many years. An adequate balance between stress (training and competition load, other life demands) and recovery is essential for athletes to achieve continuous high-level performance. Research has focused on the examination of physiological and psychological recovery strategies to compensate external and internal training and competition loads. A systematic monitoring of recovery and the subsequent implementation of recovery routines aims at maximizing performance and preventing negative developments such as underrecovery, non-functional overreaching, the overtraining syndrome, injuries, or illnesses...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345179/regulatory-support-improves-subsequent-irb-approval-rates-in-studies-initially-deemed-not-ready-for-review-a-ctsa-institution-s-experience
#2
Susan Sonne, Stephanie Gentilin, Royce R Sampson, Leslie Bell, Toni Mauney, Summer Young, Katherine Bright, Patrick Flume
We evaluated the impact of a regulatory support service (known as the Regulatory Knowledge and Support [RKS] program), part of the Medical University of South Carolina's Clinical and Translational Science Award, on the success of Institutional Review Board (IRB) applications that have previously been deemed by the IRB to be Not Ready for Review (NRR). At the time of this evaluation, 77 studies had been deemed NRR, 53 of which came from trainees and junior faculty. All the applications that received regulatory support either received IRB approval or were deemed to not be research, and therefore did not require IRB review...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343138/the-efficacy-of-myo-inositol-supplementation-to-prevent-gestational-diabetes-onset-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
Jiang Xu, Shandong Ye
INTRODUCTION: The efficacy of myo-inositol supplementation to prevent gestational diabetes onset remains controversial. We conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the influence of myo-inositol supplementation on the incidence of gestational diabetes. METHODS: We search PubMed, Embase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane Library databases through November 2017 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of myo-inositol supplementation on gestational diabetes onset...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338678/supplementation-with-curcuma-longa-reverses-neurotoxic-and-behavioral-damage-in-models-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#4
Ianara Mendonca da Costa, Marco Aurelio de Moura Freire, Jose Rodolfo Lopes de Paiva Cavalcanti, Dayane Pessoa de Araujo, Bianca Norrara, Isleania Maria Marques Moreira Rosa, Eduardo Pereira de Azevedo, Amalia Cinthia Meneses do Rego, Irami Araujo Filho, Fausto Pierdona Guzen
BACKGROUND: The formation of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles of the tau protein are the main pathological mechanism of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Current therapies for AD offer discrete benefits to the clinical symptoms and do not prevent the continuing degeneration of neuronal cells. Therefore, novel therapeutic strategies have long been investigated, where curcumin (Curcuma longa) has shown some properties that can prevent the deleterious processes involved in neurodegenerative diseases...
January 16, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338536/p2y12-receptor-inhibitors-an-evolution-in-drug-design-to-prevent-arterial-thrombosis
#5
Danny Kupka, Dirk Sibbing
P2Y12 inhibitors are a critical component of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) - a combination of a P2Y12 receptor inhibitor and aspirin - which is the superior strategy to prevent arterial thrombosis in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and undergoing stent implantation. Areas covered: Basic science articles, clinical studies, and reviews from 1992-2017 were searched using Pubmed library to collet impactful literature. After an introduction to the purinergic receptor biology, this review summarizes current knowledge on P2Y12 receptor inhibitors including their specific pharmacodynamic as well as pharmacokinetic and drug interaction features...
January 17, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335694/the-seventh-biennial-berry-health-benefits-symposium
#6
EDITORIAL
Navindra P Seeram, Britt Burton-Freeman
Research advancing current scientific understanding of the health benefits of berries continues to increase. The Berry Health Benefits Symposium (BHBS) is a biennial meeting highlighting the most recent berry health benefits research from all over the world. Pismo Beach, California was the venue for the seventh biennial BHBS in 2017, and featured oral invited papers on heart health and healthy aging, gut/microbiome health, brain aging, inflammation, cancer prevention, berry special topics, technology and chemistry...
January 16, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334720/-responding-to-national-strategy-demand-for-a-new-era-and-grasping-key-problems-of-basic-frontiers-in-preventive-medicine-shuangqing-forum-no-192-of-national-natural-science-foundation-of-china
#7
L Q Qin, C Q Yu, Y F Dai, A H Gu, Z W Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332111/prevalence-of-menstrual-problems-and-their-association-with-psychological-stress-in-young-female-students-studying-health-sciences
#8
Nazish Rafique, Mona H Al-Sheikh
To identify the prevalence of various menstrual problems in young females studying health sciences and to identify their association with academic stress. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, conducted in the health colleges of Immam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia between February 2015 and February 2016. Seven hundred and thirty-eight female students aged 18-25 years anonymously completed menstrual problem identification and perceived stress scale questionnaire. The data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 16...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330996/missed-immunization-opportunities-among-children-under-5-years-of-age-dwelling-in-karachi-city
#9
Asif Khaliq, Sayeeda Amber Sayed, Syed Abdullah Hussaini, Kiran Azam, Mehak Qamar
BACKGROUND: Immunization is the safest and effective measure for preventing and eradicating various communicable diseases. A glaring immunization gap exists between developing and industrialized countries towards immunization, because the developing countries including Pakistan are still striving to provide basic immunization to their children. The purpose of this study was to access the prevalence and factors of missing immunization among under 5-year children of Karachi.. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from June 2015 to October 2015 among different outpatient clinics of Karachi...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330163/affective-stimuli-in-behavioural-interventions-soliciting-for-health-check-up-services-and-the-service-users-socioeconomic-statuses-a-study-at-japanese-pachinko-parlours
#10
Naoki Kondo, Yoshiki Ishikawa
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomically vulnerable people are likely to have more health risks because of inadequate behaviour choices related to chronic social stresses. Brain science suggests that stress causes cognitively biased automatic decision making, preferring instant stress relief and pleasure (eg, smoking, alcohol use and drug abuse) as opposed to reflectively seeking health-maintenance services (eg, health check-ups). As such, hedonic stimuli that nudge people towards preventive actions could reduce health behaviour disparities...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329715/ten-questions-you-should-consider-before-submitting-an-article-to-a-scientific-journal
#11
A Falcó-Pegueroles, D Rodríguez-Martín
Investigating involves not only knowing the research methods and designs; it involves knowing the strategies for disseminating and publishing the results in scientific journals. An investigation is considered complete when it is published and is disclosed to the scientific community. The publication of a manuscript is not simple, since it involves examination by a rigorous editorial process evaluator to ensure the scientific quality of the proposal. The objective of this article is to communicate to potential authors the main errors or deficiencies that typically and routinely explain the decision by the referees of scientific journals not to accept a scientific article...
January 9, 2018: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329470/-the-epidemiology-of-pressure-ulcer-in-germany-systematic-review
#12
Tsenka Tomova-Simitchieva, Merve Akdeniz, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Nils Lahmann, Jan Kottner
BACKROUND: Pressure ulcers are considered as indicators of the quality of care. The aim of this study was to provide a systematic review of the incidence and prevalence of pressure ulcers in Germany between 2010 and 2015. METHODS: The databases PubMed, CINAHL, DIMDI, Web of Science, LIVIVO, Google, Google Scholar, as well as the publishers Springer and the Thieme were searched until the end of February 2016. The extracted data were monitored by two reviewers. A risk of bias assessment was conducted...
January 12, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329113/therapeutic-hiv-1-vaccine-time-for-immunomodulation-and-combinatorial-strategies
#13
Nabila Seddiki, Yves Lévy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose is to recall some of the key immunological elements that are at the crossroad and need to be combined for developing a potent therapeutic HIV-1 vaccine. RECENT FINDINGS: Therapeutic vaccines and cytokines have been commonly used to enhance and/or recall preexisting HIV-1 specific cell-mediated immune responses aiming to suppress virus replication. While the vaccine is important to stimulate HIV-1 specific T-cell responses, the cytokine may support the expansion of the stimulated virus-specific T cells...
January 10, 2018: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328808/effective-prevention-of-oxidative-deterioration-of-fish-oil-focus-on-flavor-deterioration
#14
Kazuo Miyashita, Mariko Uemura, Masashi Hosokawa
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), both abundant in fish oil, are known to have significant biochemical and physiological effects primarily linked to the improvement of human health, especially cardiovascular and brain health. However, the incorporation of fish oil into foods and beverages is often challenging, as fish oil is very easily oxidized and can cause undesirable flavors. This review discusses this rapid formation of the fishy and metallic off-flavors, focusing especially on an early stage of fish oil oxidation...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328393/paediatric-virology-and-its-interaction-between-basic-science-and-clinical-practice-review
#15
Ioannis N Mammas, Anne Greenough, Maria Theodoridou, Anna Kramvis, Maria Rusan, Angeliki Melidou, Paraskevi Korovessi, Georgia Papaioannou, Alexia Papatheodoropoulou, Chryssie Koutsaftiki, Maria Liston, George Sourvinos, Demetrios A Spandidos
The 3rd Workshop on Paediatric Virology, which took place on October 7th, 2017 in Athens, Greece, highlighted the role of breast feeding in the prevention of viral infections during the first years of life. Moreover, it focused on the long-term outcomes of respiratory syncytial virus and rhinovirus infections in prematurely born infants and emphasised the necessity for the development of relevant preventative strategies. Other topics that were covered included the vaccination policy in relation to the migration crisis, mother‑to‑child transmission of hepatitis B and C viruses, vaccination against human papilloma viruses in boys and advances on intranasal live‑attenuated vaccination against influenza...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328057/electron-phonon-coupling-from-finite-differences
#16
Bartomeu Monserrat
The interaction between electrons and phonons underlies multiple phenomena in physics, chemistry, and materials science. Examples include superconductivity, electronic transport, and the temperature dependence of optical spectra. A first-principles description of electron-phonon coupling enables the study of the above phenomena with accuracy and material specificity, which can be used to understand experiments and to predict novel effects and functionality. In this topical review, we describe the first-principles calculation of electron-phonon coupling from finite differences...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327981/hiv-aids-outreach-curriculum-development-and-skills-training-to-health-and-information-professionals
#17
Gretchen M Kuntz, Nancy Schaefer, Hannah F Norton, Michele R Tennant
With funding from the National Library of Medicine HIV/AIDS Community Information Outreach Program (ACIOP), librarians at the University of Florida Health Sciences Libraries partnered with university and community groups to facilitate collaboration, develop new information resources, develop information-seeking skills, and raise general awareness surrounding HIV/AIDS risks, prevention, and treatment. This article describes the skills development elements of the project, including development and implementation of an HIV/AIDS information resource curriculum for health care providers, social services professionals, and public librarians within the project's partner organizations...
January 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326013/a-cluster-of-multidrug-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-among-patients-arriving-in-europe-from-the-horn-of-africa-a-molecular-epidemiological-study
#18
Timothy M Walker, Matthias Merker, Astrid M Knoblauch, Peter Helbling, Otto D Schoch, Marieke J van der Werf, Katharina Kranzer, Lena Fiebig, Stefan Kröger, Walter Haas, Harald Hoffmann, Alexander Indra, Adrian Egli, Daniela M Cirillo, Jérôme Robert, Thomas R Rogers, Ramona Groenheit, Anne T Mengshoel, Vanessa Mathys, Marjo Haanperä, Dick van Soolingen, Stefan Niemann, Erik C Böttger, Peter M Keller
BACKGROUND: The risk of tuberculosis outbreaks among people fleeing hardship for refuge in Europe is heightened. We describe the cross-border European response to an outbreak of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis among patients from the Horn of Africa and Sudan. METHODS: On April 29 and May 30, 2016, the Swiss and German National Mycobacterial Reference Laboratories independently triggered an outbreak investigation after four patients were diagnosed with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis...
January 8, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324560/contrast-media-extravasations-in-patients-undergoing-computerized-tomography-scanning-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-risk-factors-and-interventions
#19
Sandrine Ding, Nicole Richli Meystre, Cosmin Campeanu, Giuseppe Gullo
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors and interventions preventing or reducing contrast medium extravasation. INTRODUCTION: Computed tomography (CT) is a radiological examination essential for the diagnosis and monitoring of many diseases. It is often performed with the intravenous (IV) injection of contrast agents. Use of these products can result in a significant complication, extravasation, which is the accidental leakage of IV material into the surrounding tissue...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320494/sexually-transmitted-infections-in-the-era-of-antiretroviral-based-hiv-prevention-priorities-for-discovery-research-implementation-science-and-community-involvement
#20
Jeanne M Marrazzo, Julia C Dombrowski, Kenneth H Mayer
Jeanne M. Marrazzo and colleagues join PLOS Medicine's Collection on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of STIs with a Perspective on HIV research imperatives in our time of effective viral suppression and pre-exposure prophylaxis.
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
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