keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Standard of care

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434208/dietary-interventions-for-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
REVIEW
Suetonia C Palmer, Jasjot K Maggo, Katrina L Campbell, Jonathan C Craig, David W Johnson, Bernadet Sutanto, Marinella Ruospo, Allison Tong, Giovanni Fm Strippoli
BACKGROUND: Dietary changes are routinely recommended in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on the basis of randomised evidence in the general population and non-randomised studies in CKD that suggest certain healthy eating patterns may prevent cardiovascular events and lower mortality. People who have kidney disease have prioritised dietary modifications as an important treatment uncertainty. OBJECTIVES: This review evaluated the benefits and harms of dietary interventions among adults with CKD including people with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) treated with dialysis or kidney transplantation...
April 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434027/can-ultrasound-be-used-as-the-primary-imaging-in-children-with-suspected-crohn-disease
#2
Timothy L Tsai, Megan B Marine, Matthew R Wanner, Matthew L Cooper, Steven J Steiner, Fangqian Ouyang, S Gregory Jennings, Boaz Karmazyn
BACKGROUND: There is growing literature on the use of ultrasound (US) for evaluation of Crohn disease in adults, but few studies have been conducted on children. Several studies demonstrated high accuracy of US in the diagnosis of Crohn disease. Using US as the primary screening imaging modality for Crohn disease can reduce health care costs, the need for sedation and ionizing radiation exposure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to determine if US can be used for screening evaluation of pediatric Crohn disease...
April 22, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433895/evaluating-network-level-predictors-of-behavior-change-among-injection-networks-enrolled-in-the-hptn-037-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Laramie R Smith, Steffanie A Strathdee, David Metzger, Carl Latkin
BACKGROUND: Little is known about ways network-level factors that may influence the adoption of combination prevention behaviors among injection networks, or how network-oriented interventions might moderate this behavior change process. METHODS: A total of 232 unique injection risk networks in Philadelphia, PA, were randomized to a peer educator network-oriented intervention or standard of care control arm. Network-level aggregates reflecting the injection networks' baseline substance use dynamics, social interactions, and the networks exposure to gender- and structural-related vulnerabilities were calculated and used to predict changes in the proportion of network members adopting safer injection practices at 6-month follow-up...
April 5, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433829/successful-repeat-sacroplasty-in-a-patient-with-a-recurrent-sacral-insufficiency-fracture-a-case-report
#4
Jeremy I Simon, David B Surrey, Paul Kitei, Matthew Sonagere, Jeffrey Gehret, David Smoger
The standard of care for treatment of sacral insufficiency fractures (SIF) remains conservative management with limited weight-bearing and analgesics, as most fractures heal within 12 weeks. For those who fail conservative therapy, are immobile or cannot tolerate the pain despite analgesic therapy, as well as those who do not improve with time, rest, or activity modification, minimally invasive surgery with percutaneous transverse screw fixation across the fracture is effective. However, a less invasive procedure, percutaneous sacroplasty, may be an option for potential rapid pain reduction...
April 19, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433682/a-mechanistic-review-on-vermifiltration-of-wastewater-design-operation-and-performance
#5
REVIEW
Rajneesh Singh, Puspendu Bhunia, Rajesh R Dash
With global population explosion, the available water resources are slowly being polluted due to the excessive human interference. To encounter this, it is the need of this hour to find out sustainable pollution remediating technologies to meet the stringent discharge standards for domestic as well as industrial wastewaters. In addition, those techniques should have the capabilities for effective implementation even in developing countries. Based on the available literatures, one such technique, named vermifilter, has been identified which takes care of almost all the sustainable and economical criteria for its effective implementation even in developing countries...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433677/montreal-accord-on-patient-reported-outcomes-use-series-paper-9-anonymization-and-ethics-considerations-for-capturing-and-sharing-patient-reported-outcomes-pro
#6
L Arbuckle, E Moher, S J Bartlett, S Ahmed, K El Emam
BACKGROUND: Patient reported outcomes (PRO) are collected with consent for care, however using the data for any other purpose requires consent for that additional purpose, or the anonymization of the data. Collecting explicit consent to use this data for secondary purposes, before the patient completes a PRO, can also bias the responses. OBJECTIVE: We consider the ethical and security issues related to the collection of data at the point of care or in the population, and the aggregation and integration of PRO data with administrative databases to facilitate decision-making and comparative effectiveness research...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433672/montreal-accord-on-patient-reported-outcomes-use-series-paper-1-introduction
#7
Susan J Bartlett, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered healthcare, where we design and deliver care to address the needs and preferences of patients, represents an important paradigm shift. Patient reported outcomes (PROs) are critical to capture the patient voice, understand how illness and treatments affect people, and establish how well services and treatments address what matters most to patients. OBJECTIVE: Originally developed for use in research, PROs are now used to monitor individuals and populations, manage care, evaluate services and providers, and inform policy...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433624/temporal-slice-registration-and-robust-diffusion-tensor-reconstruction-for-improved-fetal-brain-structural-connectivity-analysis
#8
Bahram Marami, Seyed Sadegh Mohseni Salehi, Onur Afacan, Benoit Scherrer, Caitlin K Rollins, Edward Yang, Judy A Estroff, Simon K Warfield, Ali Gholipour
Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging, or DWI, is one of the most promising tools for the analysis of neural microstructure and the structural connectome of the human brain. The application of DWI to map early development of the human connectome in-utero, however, is challenged by intermittent fetal and maternal motion that disrupts the spatial correspondence of data acquired in the relatively long DWI acquisitions. Fetuses move continuously during DWI scans. Reliable and accurate analysis of the fetal brain structural connectome requires careful compensation of motion effects and robust reconstruction to avoid introducing bias based on the degree of fetal motion...
April 19, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433617/induced-and-controlled-dietary-ketosis-as-a-regulator-of-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-pathologies
#9
Madeline K Gibas, Kelly J Gibas
A worsening epidemic of diabetes and its precursor, metabolic syndrome (MetS) is engulfing America. A healthy individual, with proper glucose regulation has an ability to switch between burning fat and carbohydrates. It has been suggested that signaling errors within this homeostatic system, characterized by impaired switching of substrate oxidation from glucose to fat in response to insulin, can contribute to the etiology of metabolic syndrome and occurs before the development of type II diabetes. Glucose regulation with restored insulin sensitivity facilitated through clinically regulated, benign dietary ketosis (BDK), may significantly reduce, regulate and reverse the adverse pathologies common to MetS and obesity...
March 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433464/electronic-synoptic-reporting-assessing-the-completeness-of-synoptic-and-narrative-reports-for-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#10
Ashley Vergis, Shannon E Stogryn, Michael J Mullan, Krista Hardy
BACKGROUND: Operative reporting is the foundation of surgical communication. The quality indicators (QIs) contained in these reports can be used to document the performance of processes that affect patient care and may afford quality assurance with improvement in healthcare. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the degree to which the electronic synoptic report (SR) documents the operative QIs compared with narrative reports (NR) for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). The time to report availability on patient chart was also identified as a secondary measure...
March 7, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433428/effect-of-risk-acceptance-for-bundled-care-payments-on-clinical-outcomes-in-a-high-volume-total-joint-arthroplasty-practice-after-implementation-of-a-standardized-clinical-pathway
#11
James R Kee, Paul K Edwards, Charles L Barnes
BACKGROUND: The Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) initiative and the Arkansas Payment Improvement (API) initiative seek to incentivize reduced costs and improved outcomes compared with the previous fee-for-service model. Before participation, our practice initiated a standardized clinical pathway (CP) to reduce length of stay (LOS), readmissions, and discharge to postacute care facilities. METHODS: This practice implemented a standardized CP focused on patient education, managing patient expectations, and maximizing cost outcomes...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433235/-stone-free-rate-assesment-after-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-using-nephrolitometric-nomogram
#12
Jason Damián Landa-Salas, Juan Ramón Torres-Anguiano, Efraín Maldonado-Alcaraz, Virgilio Augusto Lopez-Samano, Eduardo Alonso Serrano-Brambila, Jorge Moreno-Palacios
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy remains the standard of care for kidney stones larger than 2cm. Therefore, setting a prognosis for complete stone resolution through this method is essential. The prognostic tools available have limited prediction. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the stone-free rate in patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy with the Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society nomogram and suggest modifications to improve the classification...
April 19, 2017: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433227/nonsurgical-therapies-for-basal-cell-carcinoma-a-review
#13
S Ariza, S Espinosa, M Naranjo
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most prevalent malignant tumor in humans and the local destruction of tissue that can result from excision has a significant impact on well-being. Treating BCC is costly for health care systems given the high incidence of this tumor, especially in older patients. Standard treatment involves either resection with histologic assessment of margins or Mohs micrographic surgery. Surgery is sometimes contraindicated, however, due to the presence of significant comorbidity or high cosmetic expectations...
April 19, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433045/-adherence-to-reporting-guidelines-in-perspectives-in-surgery
#14
O Ryska
INTRODUCTION: Reporting guidelines were established to improve the quality of scientific papers. Currently, the most common are CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials), STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) and CARE (Clinical Consensus-based Case Reporting Guideline). Spin can be defined as (un)intentionally biased interpretation of results aimed at convincing readers of a positive benefit of any given intervention. The aim of the study was to evaluate the adherence of papers published in Perspectives in Surgery to CONSORT, STROBE or CARE and to identify the frequency of spin...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433044/-laparoscopic-diverting-ileostomy-in-rectal-cancer-surgery
#15
P Ihnát, P Vávra, P Guňková, A Zatloukal, S Czudek, P Zonča
INTRODUCTION: Low anterior resection (LAR) with total mesorectal excision (TME) represents the gold standard for patients with low rectal carcinoma. Protective ileostomy (PI) is commonly performed during LAR in an effort to protect low rectal anastomosis. The aim of this study is to analyse outcomes in our own patient population, focusing on morbidity associated with PI. METHOD: A retrospective clinical study of patients operated on between 2013 and 2015 was conducted in University Hospital Ostrava...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433043/-complete-minimally-invasive-ivor-lewis-esophageal-resection
#16
P Zonča, M Peteja, V Richter, P Vávra, P Ostruszka, D Worek, J Stigler
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive esophagectomy is becoming a standard procedure in the treatment of esophageal cancer. We would like to present our experience with Ivor Lewis esophagectomy completed by minimally invasive technique. METHODS: The primary aim of the study was to analyse potential technical difficulties and intraoperative complications of thoracolaparoscopic Ivor Lewis esophagectomy with intrathoracic anastomosis. A secondary aim of the study was to evaluate postoperative complications according to the Clavien-Dindo classification...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432843/vitamin-b1-in-critically-ill-patients-needs-and-challenges
#17
REVIEW
Jake T B Collie, Ronda F Greaves, Oliver A H Jones, Que Lam, Glenn M Eastwood, Rinaldo Bellomo
BACKGROUND: Thiamine has a crucial role in energy production, and consequently thiamine deficiency (TD) has been associated with cardiac failure, neurological disorders, oxidative stress (lactic acidosis and sepsis) and refeeding syndrome (RFS). This review aims to explore analytical methodologies of thiamine compound quantification and highlight similarities, variances and limitations of current techniques and how they may be relevant to patients. CONTENT: An electronic search of Medline, PubMed and Embase databases for original articles published in peer-reviewed journals was conducted...
April 22, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432698/quantitative-evaluation-of-metal-artifacts-using-different-cbct-devices-high-density-materials-and-field-of-views
#18
Marina Codari, Karla de Faria Vasconcelos, Laura Ferreira Pinheiro Nicolielo, Francisco Haiter Neto, Reinhilde Jacobs
OBJECTIVE: To objectively compare the influence of different cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) devices, high-density materials and field of views (FOVs) on metal artifact expression. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For this in vitro study, three customized acrylic resin phantoms containing high-density materials cylinders: titanium, copper-aluminum alloy and amalgam were scanned on three CBCT devices using high-resolution protocols, same voxel size (0.2 mm) and different FOVs...
April 22, 2017: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432639/measuring-patient-experience-in-dialysis-a-new-paradigm-of-quality-assessment
#19
REVIEW
Connie M Rhee, Steven M Brunelli, Lalita Subramanian, Francesca Tentori
Patients' experience of care (PEC) is as an important dimension in quality of care. As a distinct entity from patient satisfaction and patient health-related quality of life, PEC is defined as patients' perceptions of the range of interactions they have with the health care system, including care from providers, facilities, and health plans. While traditionally PEC may be ascertained via informal assessments, in recent years, especially in the United States, there has been a shift towards standardized surveillance of PEC amongst dialysis patients in order to: (1) set a normative expectation regarding the importance of PEC; (2) standardize the components of patients' experience that are assessed to minimize potential "blind spots"; (3) provide a direct "voice" to the patient in communicating perceptions of their care; (4) facilitate comparisons of quality across facilities; and (5) broaden accountability for PEC to the entire multidisciplinary dialysis care team...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432418/-because-we-feel-we-have-to-do-something-barriers-in-the-prevention-of-violence-and-key-areas-requiring-action-a%C3%A2-qualitative-interview-study-with-professional-nurses-and-managers-in-the-field-of-elderly-care
#20
Melanie Siegel, Yuliya Mazheika, Regina Mennicken, Stefanie Ritz-Timme, Hildegard Graß, Britta Gahr
BACKGROUND: In recent years, politics and society have shown an increasing interest in the prevention of violence. Despite the scientific studies and prevention programs that have been conducted over the past few years, there is no indication that the prevalence of violence in elderly care is falling. A high number of unreported cases may still be assumed. OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the barriers in transferring research knowledge into practice. Furthermore, it dealt with the requirements of an interventional approach which is practical and which effectively addresses the barriers...
April 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
keyword
keyword
55123
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"