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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932503/effect-of-high-tibial-osteotomy-on-hip-biomechanics-in-patients-with-genu-varum-a%C3%A2-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Mehdi Moghtadaei, Ali Yeganeh, Bahram Boddouhi, Atefe Alaee, Hossein Farahini, Babak Otoukesh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of proximal tibia osteotomy on hip biomechanics. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted on 50 knees of 37 patients divided into two groups of unilateral and bilateral surgeries during 2015-2016. Patients underwent medial open-wedge osteotomy of proximal tibia. Axial alignment of lower limb radiography was carried out for the patients before and after the osteotomy. RESULTS: Findings from unilateral and bilateral high tibial osteotomies demonstrated that the average of greater trochanter (GT) angle from femoral head center and also the average angle of knee varus were significantly decreased (P = 0...
June 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915525/infiltrating-mammary-duct-adenocarcinoma-in-the-right-labia-majora-along-the-milk-line
#2
Haitham Atef Torky, Anwar Elshenawy, Ahmed Eesa
Introduction Breast tissue rarely arises from the vulva and malignancy might develop in it. Case Thirty-eight-year-old woman presented with a suspicious ulcer in the right labia majora discovered accidently and removed by wide local excision. Histopathology revealed infiltrating mammary duct adenocarcinoma along the milk line. Immunohistochemistry was positive for estrogen and progesterone receptors and equivocal overexpression for HER2 protein with a score of 2+. Metastatic work-up was clear. Inguinal lymph nodes were enlarged and lymphadenectomy done which showed positive lymph nodes on the right side and none on the left...
September 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894541/correlation-between-social-support-self-efficacy-and-health-promoting-behavior-in-hemodialysis-patients-hospitalized-in-karaj-in-2015
#3
Mahmoud Kiajamali, Meimanat Hosseini, Fatemeh Estebsari, Maliheh Nasiri, Tahereh Ashktorab, Amirhossein Abdi, Aazam Mahmoudi, Atefe Salimi Akin Abadi
BACKGROUND: In hemodialysis, as a choice of treatment due to long treatment duration, the patient encounters limitations. Perceived social support, perceived self-efficacy and health promoting activities are important strategies to facilitate and maintain their health. AIM: To determine the correlation between social support, self-efficacy and health promoting behaviors in hemodialysis patients hospitalized in Karaj city in 2015. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive correlational study was carried out on 200 hemodialysis patients who were selected from four hospitals in Karaj based on cluster sampling...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886038/diagnoses-infections-and-injuries-in-northern-syrian-children-during-the-civil-war-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Gerlant van Berlaer, Abdallah Mohamed Elsafti, Mohammad Al Safadi, Saad Souhil Saeed, Ronald Buyl, Michel Debacker, Atef Redwan, Ives Hubloue
BACKGROUND: The civil war in Syria including the deliberate targeting of healthcare services resulted in a complex humanitarian emergency, seriously affecting children's health. The objectives of this study are to document diagnoses and disease categories in Northern Syrian children after four years of conflict, and to document infectious diseases and injuries in this vulnerable population. METHODS: In a prospective cross-sectional observational sample study conducted in May 2015, healthcare workers registered demographics, comorbidities, and diagnoses (categorised according to the International Classification of Diseases version 10) in children visited at home and in internally displaced persons camps in four Syrian governorates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869375/treatment-strategies-for-craniopharyngiomas
#5
Malte Ottenhausen, Kavelin Rumalla, Emanuele LA Corte, Andrew Alalade, Prakash Nair, Jonathan Forbes, Atef Ben Nsir, Theodore H Schwartz
Craniopharyniomas arise from the sellar region and are particularly challenging because of their close proximity to critical neurovascular structures, including cranial nerves, brainstem, internal carotid arteries, posterior cerebral arteries, hypothalamus, and the pituitary gland. The tumors are benign on histology but can cause serious symptoms by compression of surrounding vital structures. While radical surgery and gross total resection (GTR) remains the first line treatment, choosing the optimal surgical approach is critical for the minimization of complications and post-operative morbidity...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855808/protective-effect-of-some-plant-oils-on-diazinon-induced-hepatorenal-toxicity-in-male-rats
#6
Atef M Al-Attar, Moustafa H R Elnaggar, Essam A Almalki
Environmental pollution and exposure to environmental pollutants are still some of the major global health issues. Pesticides have been linked to a wide range of health hazards. The toxicity of pesticides depends on several factors such as its chemical properties, doses, exposure period, exposure methods, gender, genetics, age, nutritional status and physiological case of exposed individuals. Medicinal plants, natural products and nutrition continue to play a central role in the healthcare system of large proportions of the world's population...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852635/parental-perception-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-syrian-refugee-children
#7
Sharat Chandra Pani, Salam Atef Al-Sibai, Akanksha S Rao, Samira Najeebullah Kazimoglu, Hezekiah Adeyemi Mosadomi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The conflict in Syria has resulted in the displacement of over 5 million people, many of whom intend to return home at the cessation of hostilities. Oral health plays a critical role in early childhood and this study aimed to qualitatively and quantitatively assess the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of these children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The quantitative assessment of OHRQoL was done using a validated Arabic version of the short-form Parental-Caregiver Perceptions Questionnaire-8 (P-CPQ-8)...
July 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845718/nurses-experiences-of-grief-following-patient-death-a-qualitative-approach
#8
Inaam A Khalaf, Ghadeer Al-Dweik, Hana Abu-Snieneh, Laila Al-Daken, Ruba M Musallam, Mohammad BaniYounis, Rula Al-Rimawi, Atef Hassan Khatib, Abla Habeeb Allah, Maysoun Hussein Atoum, Arwa Masadeh
PURPOSE: To explore the lived experiences of nurses' feelings, emotions, grief reactions, and coping mechanisms following their patients' death. BACKGROUND: On a daily basis, nurses are experiencing patients' death, which exposes them to grief. Nurses' grief has not been sufficiently addressed in practice settings, although it has been a well-known threat to health and work performance. DESIGN: A qualitative design guided by a phenomenological approach was adopted...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844923/post-traumatic-uncal-herniation-in-a-conscious-patient
#9
Atef Ben Nsir, Quo-Anh Thai, Badii Hmida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819533/catamenial-pneumothorax-revealing-diaphragmatic-endometriosis-a-case-report-and-revue-of-literature
#10
REVIEW
Sana Aissa, Wafa Benzarti, Faouzi Alimi, Imen Gargouri, Halima Ben Salem, Amène Aissa, Khadija Fathallah, Atef Ben Abdelkade, Rafika Alouini, Abdelhamid Garrouche, Abdelaziz Hayoun, Ahmed Abdelghani, Mohamed Benzarti
Catamenial pneumothorax (CP) is a rare entity of spontaneous, recurring pneumothorax in women. We aim to discuss the etiology, clinical course, and surgical treatment of a 42-year-old woman with CP. This patient had a right-sided spontaneous pneumothoraces occurred one week after menses. She had under-gone video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) because of a persistent air leak under chest tube. VATS revealed multiple diaphragmatic fenestrations with an upper right nodule. Defects were removed and a large part of the diaphragm was resected...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801801/nuclear-envelope-a-new-frontier-in-plant-mechanosensing
#11
REVIEW
Kateryna Fal, Atef Asnacios, Marie-Edith Chabouté, Olivier Hamant
In animals, it is now well established that forces applied at the cell surface are propagated through the cytoskeleton to the nucleus, leading to deformations of the nuclear structure and, potentially, to modification of gene expression. Consistently, altered nuclear mechanics has been related to many genetic disorders, such as muscular dystrophy, cardiomyopathy and progeria. In plants, the integration of mechanical signals in cell and developmental biology has also made great progress. Yet, while the link between cell wall stresses and cytoskeleton is consolidated, such cortical mechanical cues have not been integrated with the nucleoskeleton...
August 12, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770110/do-insulin-replacement-and-omega3-protect-the-male-reproductive-function-of-the-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice
#12
Atefe Yaghoubi, Abbas Shahedi, Hakime Akbari, Seyed Noureddin Nematollahi-Mahani
Diabetes mellitus (DM), the most common metabolic disease, might affect different organs such as male reproductive system. Experiments have shown that n-3 fatty acids could improve male reproductive function. Present study was performed to examine the effects of omega3 on sperms and testicular parameters in diabetic mice. Adult NMRI male mice were randomly divided into intact and diabetic groups (n = 8). Streptozotocin-induced diabetic animals were divided into 4 groups of diabetic-saline (Dia-Sa), diabetic-insulin (Dia-Ins), diabetic-omega3 (Dia-omg3), and diabetic-insulin-omega3 (Dia-Ins-omg3)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761462/subtypes-distribution-and-frequency-of-blastocystis-sp-isolated-from-diarrheic-and-non-diarrheic-patients
#13
Nahid Jalallou, Shahrokh Iravani, Mostafa Rezaeian, Atefe Alinaghizade, Hamed Mirjalali
BACKGROUND: Blastocystis is one of the most common parasites, reported from both human and animals. This parasite is more prevalent in regions with low levels of hygiene, close contact with animal and unsuitable disposal systems. The aim of the study was to subtype Blastocystis sp., isolated from diarrheic and non-diarrheic patients using sequencing of 18S ribosomal DNA. METHODS: Totally, 300 stool samples were collected from diarrheic and nondiarrheic patients referred to Imam Reza Hospital, Tehran from Apr to Aug 2015...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757824/effects-of-preincisional-analgesia-with-surgical-site-infiltration-of-ketamine-or-levobupivacaine-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-hysterectomy-under-general-anesthesia-a-randomized-double-blind-study
#14
Nasr Mahmoud Abdallah, Atef Kamel Salama, Ahmed Mohamed Ellithy
CONTEXT: Postoperative pain management remains a cornerstone in patient's management to ensure a better quality of life. Preemptive analgesia is reported to inhibit the persistence of postoperative pain. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess the analgesic effectiveness of preincisional infiltration of ketamine following elective abdominal hysterectomy as compared to levobupivacaine. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind study...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750770/circulating-micrornas-panel-as-a-diagnostic-tool-for-discrimination-of-hcv-associated-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#15
Hamdy E Abouzeid Ali, Rehab Abdel Hameed, Heba Effat, Emad K Ahmed, Azza A Atef, Sabry K Sharawi, Mohamed Ali, Zakaria Y Abd Elmageed, Abdel Hady Abdel Wahab
Early diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can significantly improve the overall survival of HCC patients. However, current diagnostic markers are compromised and limited by their low sensitivity and specificity. In this work, circulating microRNAs (miRs) were utilized as a diagnostic tool to test their efficiency to segregate HCC and hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients from healthy subjects. Nine HCC-related miRs (miR-21, miR-30c, miR-93, miR-122, miR-125b, miR-126, miR-130a, miR-193b and miR-222) were analyzed by Real-Time PCR in 86 serum samples; 34 HCC and 52 HCV patients in addition to 25 healthy subjects...
September 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747084/mir-615-5p-depresses-natural-killer-cells-cytotoxicity-through-repressing-igf-1r-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients
#16
Mai Atef Rahmoon, Rana Ahmed Youness, Asmaa Ibrahim Gomaa, Mohamed Tarif Hamza, Imam Waked, Hend Mohamed El Tayebi, Ahmed Ihab Abdelaziz
miR-615-5p was characterized by our group as a tumour suppressor. IGF-1 R activates a downstream signalling pathway, well characterized in liver cells, however, its role in immunity especially Natural Killer cells (NKs) remains vague. This study aimed at investigating the regulatory role of miR-615-5p on IGF signalling and its impact on NKs cytotoxicity in HCC. Our results showed an upregulation in miR-615-5p and IGF-1 R in NKs of 130 HCC patients compared to 35 controls. Forcing the expression of miR-615-5p, repressed IGF-IR, attenuated NKs cytotoxicity, decreased CD56(dim), increased CD56(bright) NK subsets and reduced the cytotoxic markers NKG2D, TNF-α and perforins...
July 27, 2017: Growth Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715853/effect-of-gemfibrozil-or-rifampicin-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-selexipag-and-its-active-metabolite-in-healthy-subjects
#17
Shirin Bruderer, Marc Petersen-Sylla, Margaux Boehler, Tatiana Remeňová, Atef Halabi, Jasper Dingemanse
AIMS: Based on in vitro data CYP2C8 is involved in the metabolism of selexipag and its active metabolite, ACT-333679. The present study evaluated the possible pharmacokinetic interactions of selexipag with gemfibrozil, a strong CYP2C8 inhibitor and rifampicin, an inducer of CYP2C8. METHODS: The study consisted of two independent parts, each conducted according to an open-label, randomized crossover design. The pharmacokinetics and safety of selexipag and ACT-333679 were studied following single-dose administration either alone or in the presence of multiple-dose gemfibrozil (Part I) or rifampicin (Part II) in healthy male subjects...
July 17, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715689/structure-and-absolute-configuration-of-some-5-chloro-2-methoxy-n-phenylbenzamide-derivatives
#18
Alaaeldin M F Galal, Elsayed M Shalaby, Ahmed Abouelsayed, Medhat A Ibrahim, Emad Al-Ashkar, Atef G Hanna
The absolute configuration of 5-chloro-2-methoxy-N-phenylbenzamide single crystal [compound (1)] and the effect of introducing -[CH2]n-, n=1,2 group adjacent to the amide group [compounds (2) and (3)], were studied. Furthermore, the replacement of the methoxy group with a hydroxy group [compound (4)] was defined. Proton and carbon-13 NMR spectrometer were used to record the structural information of the prepared compounds. X-ray single crystal diffractometer were used to elucidate the 3D structural configurations...
January 5, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698887/the-psychometric-parameters-of-the-farsi-form-of-the-arabic-scale-of-death-anxiety
#19
Mahboubeh Dadfar, Ahmed M Abdel-Khalek, David Lester, Mohammad Kazem Atef Vahid
The aim of this study was to describe the psychometric properties of the Farsi Form of the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA). The original scale was first translated into Farsi by language experts using the back translation procedure and then administered to a total of 252 Iranian college students and 52 psychiatric outpatients from psychiatric and psychological clinics. The one-week test-retest reliability of the Farsi version in a sample of college students was 0.78, indicating good temporal stability and corroborating the trait-like nature of scores...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698411/estimation-of-turgor-pressure-through-comparison-between-single-plant-cell-and-pressurized-shell-mechanics
#20
P Durand-Smet, E Gauquelin, N Chastrette, A Boudaoud, A Asnacios
While plant growth is well known to rely on turgor pressure, it is challenging to quantify the contribution of turgor pressure to plant cell rheology. Here we used a custom-made micro-rheometer to quantify the viscoelastic behavior of isolated plant cells while varying their internal turgor pressure. To get insight into how plant cells adapt their internal pressure to the osmolarity of their medium, we compared the mechanical behavior of single plant cells to that of a simple, passive, pressurized shell: a soccer ball...
August 16, 2017: Physical Biology
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