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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138113/prevalence-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-and-carbapenemase-encoding-genes-in-poultry-feces-from-algeria-and-marseille-france
#1
Chabou Selma, Leulmi Hamza, Davoust Bernard, Aouadi Atef, Jean-Marc Rolain
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of extended-spectrum beta lactamase (ESBLs) and carbapenemase-encoding genes in poultry from Algeria and Marseille, France. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The samples consisted of feces from broilers from France and Algeria between 2014 and 2015. DNA extraction and quantitative PCR were performed on 833 fecal samples to screen for the presence of ESBLs (TEM, SHV, CTX-M) and carbapenemase-encoding genes (NDM, OXA48, OXA58)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137693/another-chance-at-life-jordanian-patients-experience-of-going-through-a-myocardial-infarction
#2
Ali Ahmad Ammouri, Joy Kabasindi Kamanyire, Ahmad H Abu Raddaha, Susan Achora, Arwa Atef Obeidat
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Myocardial infarction (MI) is a life-threatening health condition that has physical, spiritual, emotional, and social changes. Understanding feelings and thoughts of patients who suffered MI attacks is essential to recovery. Among Jordanian patients who suffered an acute attack of MI, the aim of the study was to describe the experiences and the varied meanings that they assign to their experiences. METHODS: A qualitative hermeneutic phenomenological research design was used...
November 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128754/development-and-characterization-of-a-human-monoclonal-antibody-targeting-the-n-terminal-region-of-hepatitis-c-virus-envelope-glycoprotein-e1
#3
Ahmed Atef Mesalam, Isabelle Desombere, Ali Farhoudi, Freya Van Houtte, Lieven Verhoye, Jonathan Ball, Jean Dubuisson, Steven K H Foung, Arvind H Patel, Mats A A Persson, Geert Leroux-Roels, Philip Meuleman
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) targeting the hepatitis C virus (HCV) envelope have been raised mainly against envelope protein 2 (E2), while the antigenic epitopes of envelope protein 1 (E1) are not fully identified. Here we describe the detailed characterization of a human mAb, designated A6, generated from an HCV genotype 1b infected patient. ELISA results showed reactivity of mAb A6 to full-length HCV E1E2 of genotypes 1a, 1b and 2a. Epitope mapping identified a region spanning amino acids 230-239 within the N-terminal region of E1 as critical for binding...
November 9, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126731/synthesis-antibacterial-properties-and-2d-qsar-studies-of-quinolone-triazole-conjugates
#4
Hassan M Faidallah, Adel S Girgis, Anand D Tiwari, Hitesh H Honkanadavar, Sean J Thomas, Ahmed Samir, Atef Kalmouch, Khalid A Alamry, Khalid A Khan, Tarek S Ibrahim, Amany M M Al-Mahmoudy, Abdullah M Asiri, Siva S Panda
A set of 1,2,3-triazole incorporated quinolone antibiotic conjugates 10-15, 17-19 were synthesized via microwave assisted click chemistry technique. Some of the aryl-substituted conjugates 17-19 show promising antibacterial properties against the tested Gram-positive (S. aureus and S. pyogenes) and Gram-negative bacteria (S. typhi) with potency higher than that of the parent antibiotics 1-3. 2D-QSAR modeling supports the observed biological properties.
October 16, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101811/ameliorative-potential-of-sitagliptin-and-or-resveratrol-on-experimentally-induced-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#5
Ahmed M Kabel, Aliaa Atef, Remon S Estfanous
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of sitagliptin with or without resveratrol on carcinogen-induced clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Sixty male Wistar rats were divided into 6 equal groups as follows: control; clear cell renal cell carcinoma group; clear cell renal cell carcinoma+sitagliptin group; clear cell renal cell carcinoma+resveratrol group; clear cell renal cell carcinoma+carboxymethyl cellulose group and clear cell renal cell carcinoma+sitagliptin+resveratrol group. Blood urea, serum creatinine, creatinine clearance, urinary N-acetyl beta-d-glucosaminidase (NAG), gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) and urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER) were determined...
November 1, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097875/trends-and-outcomes-of-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-periampullary-tumors-a-25-year-single-center-study-of-1000-consecutive-cases
#6
Ayman El Nakeeb, Waleed Askar, Ehab Atef, Ehab El Hanafy, Ahmad M Sultan, Tarek Salah, Ahmed Shehta, Mohamed El Sorogy, Emad Hamdy, Mohamed El Hemly, Ahmed A El-Geidi, Tharwat Kandil, Mohamed El Shobari, Talaat Abd Allah, Amgad Fouad, Mostafa Abu Zeid, Ahmed Abu El Eneen, Nabil Gad El-Hak, Gamal El Ebidy, Omar Fathy, Ahmed Sultan, Mohamed Abdel Wahab
AIM: To evaluate the evolution, trends in surgical approaches and reconstruction techniques, and important lessons learned from performing 1000 consecutive pancreaticoduodenectomies (PDs) for periampullary tumors. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of the data of all patients who underwent PD for periampullary tumor during the period from January 1993 to April 2017. The data were categorized into three periods, including early period (1993-2002), middle period (2003-2012), and late period (2013-2017)...
October 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091784/environmental-implications-and-spatial-distribution-of-natural-radionuclides-and-heavy-metals-in-sediments-from-four-harbours-in-the-egyptian-red-sea-coast
#7
Atef El-Taher, Hesham M H Zakaly, Reda Elsaman
Measurements of natural radionuclides concentrations ((226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K) in sediments collected from sea, rivers or ocean is significant to protect the sea water ecosystem and to human health from radiation. Thirty-three sample of sediment have been collected from four ports in the Red Sea coast, Egypt for investigation by gamma-ray spectrometer using NaI(Tl) detector. The average and range activity concentrations of (226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K were 26(5-58), 19(4-33) and 458(16-2665)Bqkg(-1) in Quseir Harbour, 30(14-53), 20(14-34) and 430(378-511)Bqkg(-1) in Abu-Tartour Harbour...
October 9, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074219/a-novel-neutralizing-human-monoclonal-antibody-broadly-abrogates-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#8
Isabelle Desombere, Ahmed Atef Mesalam, Richard A Urbanowicz, Freya Van Houtte, Lieven Verhoye, Zhen-Yong Keck, Ali Farhoudi, Koen Vercauteren, Karin E Weening, Thomas F Baumert, Arvind H Patel, Steven K H Foung, Jonathan Ball, Geert Leroux-Roels, Philip Meuleman
Infections with hepatitis C virus (HCV) represent a worldwide health burden and a prophylactic vaccine is still not available. Liver transplantation (LT) is often the only option for patients with HCV-induced end-stage liver disease. However, immediately after transplantation, the liver graft becomes infected by circulating virus, resulting in accelerated progression of liver disease. Although the efficacy of HCV treatment using direct-acting antivirals has improved significantly, immune compromised LT-patients and patients with advanced liver disease remain difficult to treat...
October 23, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073689/cesarean-delivery-in-a-case-of-persistent-second-trimester-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome
#9
Haitham Atef Torky
Background Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome develops as an iatrogenic complication related to ovulation induction. It is usually self-limiting with complete resolution expected within 10-14 days. Case The current case is a report of an unusually prolonged course of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome persisting until 22 weeks of gestation, accidentally discovered and managed by cesarean section due to an obstetric indication. Conclusion Clinicians should be aware of this possibility when managing cases of IVF pregnancy...
October 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068789/the-beneficial-effects-of-pumpkin-extract-on-atherogenic-lipid-insulin-resistance-and-oxidative-stress-status-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-rats
#10
Atefe Ghahremanloo, Reza Hajipour, Mina Hemmati, Maryam Moossavi, Zabihullah Mohaqiq
Background Prevention and treatment of obesity is a way to reduce cardiovascular disease, diabetes and depression. Pumpkin as a favorable plant has different properties notably antioxidant, lipid-lowering and anti-diabetic potential. The aim of this study was to assess the anti-obesity effects of pumpkin in diet-induced obese rats. Methods Thirty adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups (n=6) of healthy control, dietary fatty control rats, and three experimental dietary fatty rats that received hydro-alcoholic extract of pumpkin once daily at doses 100 and 200 and 400 mg/kg, respectively...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062374/why-do-emergency-medicine-residents-experience-burn-out-a-qualitative-study
#11
Atefe Kamaloo, Ahmad Ahmadipour, Ali Labbaf, Elham Hesari, Somaye Valadkhani, Jeyran Zebardast, Mohammad Arbabi
Objective: Emergency medicine residents are a high-risk group for burnout syndrome. This was a qualitative study with content analysis on emergency medical residents with 2 aims: evaluating the incidence of occupational burnout syndrome and identifying the points of view and attitudes of emergency medical residents about factors related to occupational burnout syndrome. Method: For this study, 2 sessions of focus group discussions were set up at Imam Khomeini hospital affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060008/a-low-power-high-sensitivity-analog-front-end-for-ppg-sensor
#12
Binghui Lin, Mohamed Atef, Guoxing Wang
This paper presents a low-power analog front-end (AFE) photoplethysmography (PPG) sensor fabricated in 0.35 μm CMOS process. The AFE amplifies the weak photocurrent from the photodiode (PD) and converts it to a strong voltage at the output. In order to decrease the power consumption, the circuits are designed in subthreshold region; so the total biasing current of the AFE is 10 μ A. Since the large input DC photocurrent is a big issue for the PPG sensing circuit, we apply a DC photocurrent rejection technique by adding a DC current-cancellation loop to reject the large DC photocurrent up to 10 μA...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055178/n-acetylborrelidin-b-a-new-bioactive-metabolite-from-streptomyces-mutabilis-sp-mii
#13
Abdelaaty Hamed, Ahmed S Abdel-Razek, Marcel Frese, Daniel Wibberg, Atef F El-Haddad, Tarek M A Ibrahim, Jörn Kalinowski, Norbert Sewald, Mohamed Shaaban
In the course of our screening program for new bioactive compounds, a naturally new 18-membered macrolide antibiotic, N-acetylborrelidin B (1) along with borrelidin (2) were obtained from the marine Streptomyces mutabilis sp. MII. The strain was isolated from a sediment sample collected in the Red Sea at the Hurghada Coast and characterized taxonomically. Additional nine diverse bioactive compounds were reported: 6-prenyl-indole-3-acetonitrile (3), sitosteryl-3β-d-glucoside, campesterol, ferulic acid, linoleic acid methyl ester, linoleic acid, N-acetylanthranilic acid, indole 3-acetic acid methyl ester, indole 3-carboxylic acid, and adenosine...
October 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042801/investigating-a-rare-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-strain-first-description-of-genome-sequencing-and-molecular-characterization-of-cc15-mrsa
#14
Abiola C Senok, Ali M Somily, Peter Slickers, Muhabat A Raji, Ghada Garaween, Atef Shibl, Stefan Monecke, Ralf Ehricht
PURPOSE: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus CC15 strains (CC15-MRSA) have only been sporadically described in literature. This study was carried out to describe the genetic make-up for this rare MRSA strain. METHODS: Four CC15-MRSA isolates collected in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between 2013 and 2014 were studied. Two isolates were from clinical infection and 2 from retail meat products. Whole genome sequencing was carried out using Illumina HiSeq2500 genome analyzer...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028361/new-findings-on-biological-actions-and-clinical-applications-of-royal-jelly-a-review
#15
Mozafar Khazaei, Atefe Ansarian, Elham Ghanbari
Royal jelly (RJ) is a natural bee product with great potential for use in medicine. The chemical composition of RJ indicates the presence of various bioactive substances including 10-hydroxydecanoic acid and 24-methylenecholesterol. In addition, a number of biological and pharmacological activities of RJ have been documented. The aim of this study was to review the biological and medical effects of RJ. The search was conducted in articles from electronic and scientific literature databases such as Pub Med, Science Direct, Scopus, Medline, and ISI Web of Science published from 1990 to 2017 using keywords of pharmacological, biological, and clinical effects and royal jelly...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018500/computed-tomography-measurement-of-inferior-turbinate-in-asymptomatic-adult
#16
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Atef A Hamed, Ghada Abdulmonaem, Ismail Elnashar, Inas M Elfiki
Introduction  The inferior turbinate (IT) is the most susceptible turbinate to enlargement causing nasal obstruction. The common belief ascribes most of the enlargement of the IT to mucosal elements. Objective  This study aimed to investigate the detailed computed tomography (CT) measurement of the IT in asymptomatic adult by determining the thickness of both the non-bony (mucosa) and bony parts and their relation to nasal air space in different related areas of the nose. Methods  We included in the study paranasal CT scans of 108 individuals (216 IT) that had no paranasal pathology...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994880/abstract-of-the-35th-national-congress-of-medecine-2016
#17
O Abassi, H Abaza, I Abdelaali, C Abdelhedi, H Abdelhedi, L Abdelmoula, A Abdennour, A Abid, H Abouda, M Abouda, F Abroug, A Adhieb, O Adouni, A Aissa, F Aissaoui, M Ajroudi, Z Alia, E Allouche, S Amari, B N E Amdouni, F Amdouni, Y Ammar, H Amri, R Amri, C Amrouch, H Aounallah Skhiri, M Assidi, Y Atef, S Atri, L Attia, A Ayachi, A Ayadi, M Ayadi, I Ayadi Dahmane, F Ayari, Y Ayari, H Ayed, S Azzabi, H Baccar, N Bacha, A Bachali, I Badri, A Bahlous, S Bahri, A Bahrini, E Bahrini, H Baili, M A Bakir, R Baklouti, M Bani, L Bazdeh, N Bchir, D Bejar, M Beji, J Belagha, R Belaid, N Belgacem, N BelHadj, H Belhadj Hassen, S Bellakhal, K Bellil, S Ben Abdallah, F Ben Abdallah, N Ben Abdallah, T Ben Abdallah, B Ben Achour, T Ben Achour, W Ben Achour, I Ben Ahmed, H Ben Ahmed, N Ben Aissia, H Ben Alaya, N Ben Alaya, A Ben Ammar, H Ben Ammar, B Ben Ammou, A Ben Amor, N Ben Amor, S Ben Amor, M Ben Bader, S Ben Becher, E Ben Brahim, I Ben Brahim, D Ben Braiek, A Ben ChaaBen, N Smari, N Ben Charrada, M Ben Cheick, M Ben Cheikh, F Ben Dahmen, D Ben Ghachem, H Ben Ghezala, E Ben Hamida, J Ben Hamida, S Ben Hamouda, L Ben Hassine, R Ben Hmid, W Ben Hmida, H Ben Jeddi, H Ben Jemaa, A Ben Jemaa, E Ben Jmia, B Ben Kaab, S Ben Khalifa, M Ben Kilani, A Ben Maamar, N Ben Meftah, R Ben Maiz, F Ben Mami, A Ben Mansour, N Ben Mansour, R Ben Mohamed, F Ben Moussa, N Ben Mustapha, K Ben Neticha, R Ben Othman, N Ben Rais, J Ben Rejab, H Ben Romdhane, Z Ben Safta, A Ben Safta, H Ben Said, C Ben Salah, F Z Ben Salah, N Ben Salah, C Ben Salem, L Ben Salem, S Ben Slama, M R Ben Slama, A Ben Tanfous, R Ben Temime, L Ben Yaghlane, A Ben Yakhlef, S Ben Yedder, W Ben Youssef, F Ben Zineb, M Ben Khelifa, Y Benzarti, O Berriche, S Berriri, L Besbes Ouanes, J Bettaieb, I Bettaieb, S Bhouri, N Bibani, Z BlEl, M Bouafif, D Bouaicha, I Bouasker, J Boubaker, R Bouchahda, S Bougatef, W Boughanmi, B Bouguerra, A Bouhafa, M H Bouhaoula, N Boujelbene, I Boukhris, M Bouksila, S Boukthir, L Boulares, S Boumefteh, S Bouomrani, R Bourguiba, M Bousselmi, O Bouyahya, H Bouzaine, A Bouzouita, D Brahim, I Chaari, M S Chahloul, A Chakroun, M Chakroun, A Chammakhi, B Channoufi, N Chaouech, M Charfi, M R Charfi, F Chebbi, I Chebbi, M Chebbi, M Chebil, M Cheikh, S Chelbi, Z Chelly, I Chelly, A Chemima, M Chemkhi, E Cherif, H Cherif, I Cherif, J Cherif, M Cherif, A Chetoui, W Daaloul, F Dachraoui, K Dachraoui, A Daghfous, J Daghfous, I Dakhli, N Dali, R Debbeche, A Debbiche, Z Dekli, F DerbEl, S Derouich, A Derouiche, H Dhafer, S Dhambri, A Dhaoui, A Dhouaibia, K Dimassi, M W Dougaz, M H Douggui, H Douik, C Dziri, S Dziri, O El Amine, D El Euch, F El Feki, L El Fekih, Z El Hechmi, K El Jeri, E Elfaleh, Z Elhechmi, H ElKateb, H Elloumi, R Ennaifer, L Essaddam, M A Essid, E L Fathallah, N Fathallah, F Feki, M Fekih, E Fennira, S Fennira, M Ferjani, A Filali, Z Fitouri, N Foudhaili, K Fourati, H Fradj, S Fredj, R Fsili, F Fteriche, A Gammoudi, O Gammoudi, S Gara, W Garbouj, D Gargouri, W Gattoufi, E Germazi, A Gharbi, E Gharbi, O Gharbi, R Gharbi, W Ghariani, H Ghedira, S GhezaiEl, S Ghozzi, I Ghribi, M Gorgi, A Goucha, E L Gouta, S Gritli, N E Guediche, F Guemira, E Guermazi, W Guezzah, A Hachicha, D Haddad, S Hadj Amor, Z Hajjej, G Hamdi, M Hammami, Z Hammouda, S Hannachi, E Haouat, S Haouet, A Hariz, S Harrabi, T Harrabi, H Harran, L Harzallah, A Hasnaoui, H Hassine, M Hechiche, H Henchiri, W Hmaied, H Houes, F Houissa, K Hraiech, A Hssine, H Ichaoui, A Issa, O Jaidane, I Jallouli, H Jamoussi, H Jarreya, R Jazi, A Jellouli, C Jemad, I Jemni, F Jendoubi, H Jerraya, M Jlaylia, Z Jnifene, M Jouini, R Jouini, A Kacem, M Kacem, B Kahla, S Kammoun, I Kammouna, M Karray, O Karray, N Kchir, S Kdous, I Kechaou, I Kedous, M Kehila, W Kerkeni, M Khalfallah, N Khalfallah, N Khamassi, K Khardani, J Kharrat, M Kharrat, G Kharroubib, M Khatib, A Khattab, S Khedher, N Khedhiri, S Khedhri, A Khelifa, E Khelifa, A Khelil, K Khiari, R Khiari, A Khlifi, I Khouaja, H Khouani, M O Kilani, C Kooli, B Korbsi, S Kraiem, R Ksantini, I Ksira, H Kwas, B Laamouri, I Labbene, A Labidi, N Ladhari, R Lafram, A A Lahmar, H Lajmi, A Lanani, S Larif, A Larnaout, F Lassoued, K Lassoued, N Lassoued, M Leboyer, H Letaief, B Louzir, M M'rad, H Maghrebi, F Mahjoub, S Mahjoub, I Mahmoud, A Makni, M Malek, M Manaa, A Mardassi, A Marghli, C Marouene, Z Marrakchi, S Marzougui, A Masmoudi, N Mathlouthi, N Matoussi, S Mazigh, M Mbarki, N Mechergui, Z Meddeb, B Mefteh, N Mehiri, I Mejri, M Mekki, A Melki, B Melki, M Mersni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992886/tailored-pancreatic-reconstruction-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-single-center-experience-of-892-cases
#18
Ayman El Nakeeb, Ahmad M Sultan, Ehab Atef, Ali Salem, Mostaffa Abu Zeid, Ahmed Abu El Eneen, Gamal El Ebidy, Mohamed Abdel Wahab
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic reconstruction following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is still debatable even for pancreatic surgeons. Ideally, pancreatic reconstruction after PD should reduce the risk of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) and its severity if developed with preservation of both exocrine and endocrine pancreatic functions. It must be tailored to control the morbidity linked to the type of reconstruction. This study was to show the best type of pancreatic reconstruction according to the characters of pancreatic stump...
October 15, 2017: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969517/psychometric-properties-of-farsi-version-of-the-wish-to-be-dead-scale
#19
Mahboubeh Dadfar, David Lester, Mohammad Kazem Atef Vahid, Ahmed M Abdel-Khalek
The Wish to be Dead Scale (WDS) is a new scale to measure precursors to suicidal ideation, and the aim of the present study was to examine the psychometric characteristics of a Farsi version of the WDS. The sample was a convenience sample of 145 Iranian female undergraduates and postgraduates selected from different faculties at Iran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Using a principal component analysis and a varimax rotation with Kaiser normalization, three factors were identified and labeled: (a) lack of purpose and usefulness in life, (b) lack of interest in living, and (c) fantasizing about being dead...
November 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966130/effect-of-cardamonin-on-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-in-rats-role-of-nitric-oxide
#20
Yara Atef, Hassan M El-Fayoumi, Yousra Abdel-Mottaleb, Mona F Mahmoud
Ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury is a cellular damage in a hypoxic organ following the restoration of oxygen delivery. It may occur during organ transplantation, trauma and hepatectomies. Nitric oxide (NO) effects during hepatic I/R are complicated. The iNOS-derived NO has a deleterious effect, whereas eNOS-derived NO has a protective effect in liver I/R. Cardamonin (CDN) is an anti-inflammatory molecule and a novel iNOS inhibitor, and Nω-Nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) is a NOS inhibitor. L-Arginine is a precursor of NOS...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
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