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Peter Manu, Yevgeniya Lapitskaya, Atef Shaikh, Jimmi Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Clozapine is widely prescribed for treatment-refractory schizophrenia, but its use is limited by many potentially life-threatening adverse effects. The risk of rechallenge after these complications has never been comprehensively assessed in controlled studies. Thus, clinical guidelines must rely on the published case reports. The number of such reports is likely to increase over time, and updated analyses of larger samples are needed, as they may lead to changes in clinical guidelines...
March 2018: American Journal of Therapeutics
Abdolaziz Haghnegahdar, Leila Khojastepour, Atefe Naderi
Statement of the Problem: Ignoring anatomic variations may lead to iatrogenic injuries by surgeons. Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the course of infraorbital canal and maxillary sinus using cone beam computed tomography scans (CBCT). Materials and Method: One hundred and ninety two CBCT scans were reviewed for 384 infraorbital canals. The anatomic variants of infraorbital canals were classified into three types based on the protrusion degree of the infraorbital nerve from the maxillary roof into the sinus...
March 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Mohamed Atef ElKordy, Tarek Sherif ElBaradie, Hisham Ismael ElSebai, Ayman Abd ElWahab Amin, Sheriff Mohamed KhairAlla
PURPOSE: Osteosarcomas rarely affect jaw bones. Patients are usually older than those who suffer long bone sarcomas, with a rare incidence of metastasis. This is suggestive of a different pattern of behavior compared with long bone sarcomas. This study aimed to present NCI, Cairo University experience in treating patients diagnosed with osteosarcomas of the jaw, including the diagnostic challenges and treatment outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective case series study of all cases of osteosarcomas of mandible and maxilla that were treated at the NCI, in the period between 2006 and 2013...
February 26, 2018: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
Atefe Abak, Sima Amini, Mehrdad A Estiar, Vahid Montazeri, Ebrahim Sakhinia, Alireza Abhari
BACKGROUND: miRNA-221 and miRNA-222 are two homologous microRNAs, the high-expression levels of which have been commonly demonstrated in the most current human cancer types as well as breast cancer. The purpose of this research was to determine the clinical value of measuring the expression level of hsa-miR-221-3p in breast cancer tissues and evaluate its biological and prognostic importance in breast cancer (BC). METHODS: A total of 40 tumor samples and matched tumor-free margin specimens were obtained during surgery from patients with BC...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
Ahmed A M Abdel-Hamid, Hoda Atef, Khaled R Zalata, Atef Abdel-Latif
Although there is emerging evidence that mast cells are involved in infertility, their exact role has not been elucidated clearly. Here we carried out a retrospective case-control study to find out whether there is a correlation between mast cell (MC) count and proliferation (Ki67 index) of the spermatogenic epithelium as well as of the Sertoli cells (vimentin-positive) in non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA). We assessed MCs, Ki67 and vimentin expression in Sertoli cells in testicular biopsies of germ cell aplasia (GCA, n = 14) and maturation arrest (MA, n = 14) vs...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Muqtadir Baig Mirza, Ayman I Elkady, Atef M Al-Attar, Fareeduddin Quadri Syed, Furkhan Ahmed Mohammed, Khalid Rehman Hakeem
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Phoenix dactylifera L. (Ajwa date) has high nutritive value and are consumed in Arabian Peninsula as an essential diet. Phoenix dactylifera L. have been mentioned in folk remedies of traditional Egyptian medicine and alternative medicine, for numerous health benefits including cancer treatment. The aim of the study is to evaluate the anticancer effects of the extract of Ajwa Date on human Prostate cancer cell line (PC3). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Antiproliferative effect was measured using MTT assay...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Mohamed Atef, Mohamed Mounir
Placement of Dental implants in the posterior mandibular alveolar ridges may become a challenging procedure due to limited bone height between the crest of the ridge and the inferior alveolar canal. The aim of this study was to introduce an innovative, less invasive, highly accurate and easy surgical technique of inferior alveolar nerve lateralization in the posterior deficient mandible using a special customized 3D-printed surgical guide in order to enhance the bone height for implant placement. This was a case series study included 7 patients with unilateral edentulous mandibular alveolar ridges...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
Milad Hosseinialhashemi, Babak Daneshfard, Atefe Hashemi
Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome is a rare neurodegenerative disorder with hereditary properties. It usually occurs in young adolescents with extrapyramidal symptoms besides disturbed mental function. In this study, we present a 23-year-old neuropsychiatric patient who primarily misdiagnosed to have conversion disorder. She had 5-year history of progressive dysarthria and generalized abnormal movements. After detecting the pathognomonic sign of "eye of the tiger" diagnosis was confirmed. The patient was discharged...
January 2018: Acta Medica Iranica
Atef G Hussein, Randa H Mohamed, Sally M Shalaby, Dalia M Abd El Motteleb
OBJECTIVES: The biological mechanisms behind the association between vitamin K (Vit K) and glucose metabolism are uncertain. We aimed to analyze the expression of insulin 1 (Ins 1), insulin 2 (Ins 2) and cyclin D2, the expression of adiponectin and UCP-1 . In addition, we aimed to estimate the doses of Vit K2 able to affect various aspects of glucose and energy metabolism in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Thirty adult male rats were allocated equally into five groups: control group, diabetes mellitus group, and groups 3, 4, and 5, which received Vit K2 at three daily dose levels (10, 15, and 30 mg/kg, respectively) for 8 wk...
March 2018: Nutrition
Youkhabeh Mohammadian, Behzad Mahaki, Mahmoud Dehghani, Mohammadkazem Atef Vahid, Fahimeh Fathali Lavasani
Background: The investigation of personality characteristics and emotional experiences of the people suffering from anxiety disorders is one of the most important issues which are considered by researchers and clinicians. Perfectionism, sensitivity to interpersonal rejection, and anger are personality traits related to social anxiety. In social anxiety disorder, it has also been focused on anger as a personality characteristic and as an emotional condition. The main purpose of this work is to investigate the role of these variables in predicting social anxiety among a nonclinical group of Iranian students...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Ahmed Mohamed Hassanin, Ahmed Mohamed El-Halwagy, Nashaat N Ismail, Basma Atef Shehab
Temporary methods of female contraception are commonly practiced in Egypt, but an increased total fertility rate was recently reported. Impaired female sexual function (FSF) due to contraceptive use can be a reason for irregular use/discontinuation. This study aimed at identifying the type(s) of the commonly used contraceptive method(s) in Egypt that can impair FSF. The sexual function of women on some form of temporary contraceptive was compared to that of women not using contraceptives. All participants answered the Arabic translation of the 19- item Female Sexual Function Index questionnaire...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
Gabriel Mangeat, Atef Badji, Russell Ouellette, Constantina A Treaba, Elena Herranz, Tobias Granberg, Céline Louapre, Nikola Stikov, Jacob A Sloane, Pierre Bellec, Caterina Mainero, Julien Cohen-Adad
The aim of this study was to investigate the interplay between structural connectivity and cortical demyelination in early multiple sclerosis. About 27 multiple sclerosis patients and 18 age-matched controls underwent two MRI scanning sessions. The first was done at 7T and involved acquiring quantitative T1 and T2 * high-resolution maps to estimate cortical myelination. The second was done on a Connectom scanner and consisted of acquiring high angular resolution diffusion-weighted images to compute white matter structural connectivity metrics: strength, clustering and local efficiency...
February 6, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
Hadeer O Abou-Hany, Hoda Atef, Eman Said, Hassan Elkashef, Hatem A Salem
Diabetic Nephropathy (DN) is one of the main complications associated with diabetes mellitus. Persistently elevated blood glucose level drives histopathological changes in renal tissues that hinder normal kidney functions. In the current study, crocin; the main bioactive constituent of Crocus sativus was investigated as a reno-protective agent against DN by virtue of its numerous pharmacological activities. Diabetes was induced in male Sprague-Dawely rats through intravenous injection of streptozocin (STZ) (50 mg/kg), DN was confirmed eight weeks post diabetes induction...
February 2, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Fei-Ting Hsu, Hua-Shan Liu, Ahmed Atef Ahmed Ali, Ping-Huei Tsai, Yu-Chieh Kao, Chia-Feng Lu, Hsu-Shan Huang, Cheng-Yu Chen
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors are commonly used as the first-line treatment for advanced NSCLC; however, the efficacy of drug delivery remains unknown. Hence, we successfully developed erlotinib-conjugated iron oxide nanoparticles (FeDC-E NPs) as theranostic probe that can potentially provide a new avenue for monitoring drug delivering through noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging. MRI ΔR2* relaxivity measurements offer an opportunity to quantitatively evaluate the uptake of FeDC-E NPs at cellular and tumoral levels...
January 29, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Elisabeth Charrier, Lorraine Montel, Atef Asnacios, Florence Delort, Patrick Vicart, François Gallet, Sabrina Batonnet-Pichon, Sylvie Hénon
BACKGROUND INFORMATION: The mechanical properties of cells are essential to maintain their proper functions, and mainly rely on their cytoskeleton. A lot of attention has been paid to actin filaments, demonstrating their central role in the cells mechanical properties, but much less is known about the participation of intermediate filament networks. Indeed the contribution of IFs, such as vimentin, keratins, and lamins, to cell mechanics has only been assessed recently. We study here the involvement of desmin, an intermediate filament specifically expressed in muscle cells, in the rheology of immature muscle cells...
February 1, 2018: Biology of the Cell
Abdelaaty Hamed, Ahmed S Abdel-Razek, Marcel Frese, Hans Georg Stammler, Atef F El-Haddad, Tarek M A Ibrahim, Norbert Sewald, Mohamed Shaaban
Terretonin N (1), a new highly oxygenated and unique tetracyclic 6-hydroxymeroterpenoid, was isolated together with seven known compounds from the ethyl acetate extract of a solid-state fermented culture of Nocardiopsis sp. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis. The structure and absolute configuration of 1 were unambiguously determined by X-ray crystallography. The isolation and taxonomic characterization of Nocardiopsis sp. is reported. The antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity of the strain extract and compound 1 were studied using different microorganisms and a cervix carcinoma cell line, respectively...
January 31, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
El Sayed Farag, Ashraf Reda, Nabil Farag, Sameh Salama, Atef Elbahry, Osama Sanad, Waleed Abdou, Ahmed El-Kersh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
Emma Radovich, Atef El-Shitany, Hania Sholkamy, Lenka Benova
In 2014, Egypt's Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) documented an increase in the total fertility rate (TFR) to 3.5, up from a low of 3.0 recorded by the 2008 EDHS. The increase has been anecdotally attributed to the social upheaval following Egypt's January 2011 revolution, but little is known about when fertility first began to increase and among which sub-groups of women. Using birth histories from seven rounds of EDHS (1992-2014), this study reconstructed fertility rates for single years from 1990-2013 and examined patterns of childbearing in five-year birth cohorts of women...
2018: PloS One
Robert Schulz, Amira Atef, Daniel Becker, Franziska Gottschalk, Carolin Tauber, Stefan Wagner, Christoph Arkona, Atef A Abdel-Hafez, Hassan H Farag, Jörg Rademann, Gerhard Wolber
Lead structure discovery mainly focuses on the identification of noncovalently binding ligands. Covalent linkage, however, is an essential binding mechanism for a multitude of successfully marketed drugs although discovered by serendipity in most cases. We present a concept for the design of fragments covalently binding to proteases. Covalent linkage enables fragment binding unrelated to affinity to shallow protein binding sites and at the same time allows differentiated targeted hit verification and binding location verification through mass spectrometry...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Atef Hussein, Samia Rashed, Ibrahim El Hayawan, Rabab El-Sayed, Hemat Ali
Background: Curcumin is the major active ingredient of Curcuma longa L., traditionally known as turmeric and has been shown to exhibit a wide range of pharmacological activities including anti-parasitic effect. However, it is found to be water-insoluble and has low bioavailability. The aim of this study was to explore the potential role of turmeric solved in olive oil either alone or in combination with praziquantel (PZQ) in treatment of schistosomiasis mansoni. Methods: The whole turmeric powder suspended in olive oil (as a solvent) is indicated to S...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
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