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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754113/interprofessional-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-program-an-integrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Dennis C Fronda, Arwa Atef Obeidat
OBJECTIVES: Interprofessional (IP) competencies are critical for successful collaborative practice. Nurse education, through interprofessional simulation, plays a critical role in preparing nursing students achieve these competencies. Although considerable research has been conducted on this topic, a broader perspective is lacking. This review systematically appraised and synthesized evidence examining the effects of interprofessional simulation on nursing students' outcomes. DESIGN: An integrative review method guided this review...
May 4, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751633/heterogeneous-wireless-networks-for-smart-grid-distribution-systems-advantages-and-limitations
#2
Tarek Khalifa, Atef Abdrabou, Khaled Shaban, A M Gaouda
Supporting a conventional power grid with advanced communication capabilities is a cornerstone to transferring it to a smart grid. A reliable communication infrastructure with a high throughput can lay the foundation towards the ultimate objective of a fully automated power grid with self-healing capabilities. In order to realize this objective, the communication infrastructure of a power distribution network needs to be extended to cover all substations including medium/low voltage ones. This shall enable information exchange among substations for a variety of system automation purposes with a low latency that suits time critical applications...
May 11, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747538/protective-effect-of-standardized-extract-of-myrtus-communis-l-myrtle-on-experimentally-bleomycin-induced-pulmonary-fibrosis-biochemical-and-histopathological-study
#3
Mitra Samareh Fekri, Ali Mandegary, Fariba Sharififar, Hamid Reza Poursalehi, Mohammad Hadi Nematollahi, Atefe Izadi, Mohammad Mehdipour, Amir Asadi, Masoomeh Samareh Fekri
CONTEXT: Myrtle (Myrtus communis L) has been used widely in traditional medicine for different respiratory disorders. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an inflammatory disease characterized by progressive loss of lung function with poor prognosis. The pathogenesis of disease has not been completely elucidated, but probably persistent epithelial damages are involved. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of biochemical and histopathological effect of preventive and therapeutic doses of myrtle against bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis (PF) in animal model...
May 11, 2018: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740245/physiological-study-on-the-influence-of-some-plant-oils-in-rats-exposed-to-a-sublethal-concentration-of-diazinon
#4
Atef M Al-Attar, Moustafa H R Elnaggar, Essam A Almalki
The present study was aimed to evaluate the influence of olive, sesame and black seed oils on levels of some physiological parameters in male rats exposed to diazinon (DZN). Body weight changes, and levels of serum total protein, albumin, glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C), atherogenic index (AI), atherogenic coefficient (AC), cardiac risk ratio (CRR), glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MAD) were selected as physiological parameters...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730617/what-is-the-epidemiology-of-medication-errors-error-related-adverse-events-and-risk-factors-for-errors-in-adults-managed-in-community-care-contexts-a-systematic-review-of-the-international-literature
#5
Ghadah Asaad Assiri, Nada Atef Shebl, Mansour Adam Mahmoud, Nouf Aloudah, Elizabeth Grant, Hisham Aljadhey, Aziz Sheikh
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology of medication errors and error-related adverse events in adults in primary care, ambulatory care and patients' homes. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCE: Six international databases were searched for publications between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2015. DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS: Two researchers independently extracted data from eligible studies and assessed the quality of these using established instruments...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721854/abscisic-acid-supplementation-rescues-high-fat-diet-induced-alterations-in-hippocampal-inflammation-and-irss-expression
#6
Alberto Ribes-Navarro, Mariam Atef, Sandra Sánchez-Sarasúa, María Teresa Beltrán-Bretones, Francisco Olucha-Bordonau, Ana María Sánchez-Pérez
Accumulated evidence indicates that neuroinflammation induces insulin resistance in the brain. Moreover, both processes are intimately linked to neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease. Potential mechanisms underlying insulin resistance include serine phosphorylation of the insulin receptor substrate (IRS) or insulin receptor (IR) misallocation. However, only a few studies have focused on IRS expression in the brain and its modulation in neuroinflammatory processes. This study used the high-fat diet (HFD) model of neuroinflammation to study the alterations of IR, an insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF1R) and IRS expressions in the hippocampus...
May 2, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719311/registry-data-coordinator-rdc-a-proper-accessible-strategy-for-improving-road-traffic-injury-rti-hospital-based-trauma-registry-systems-in-developing-countries-and-low-income-countries
#7
Zahra Meidani, Mehrdad Mahdian, Atefe Ayan, Mahdi Mohammadzade, Alimohammad Nickfarjam, Gholam Abbas Moosavi
Introduction: Evidence suggested that a significant level of trauma mortality can be prevented using registry system. Aim: This study aimed to improve Kashan Hospital Based Trauma Registry System (KHBTRS) for Road Traffic Injury (RTI). Material and methods: After conducting focus group discussion absence of minimum data set (MDS) and poor data collection process (DCP) were identified as main problems for KHBTRS- RTI. Proposed MDS were surveyed by 20 experts of trauma research center of throughout the Iran...
2018: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712885/leishmania-in-a-patient-with-small-lymphocytic-lymphoma-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#8
Gregory Nicolas, Elliott Koury, Dani Osman, Christian Salibi, Lea Nehme, Stephanie Mitri, Julien-Sami Atef El Sayegh, Linda Rached, George Khoury
BACKGROUND Leishmaniasis is a parasitic infection spread by the bite of infected sand flies that are usually present in the Middle East, Africa, and some parts of Asia and Europe. Leishmaniasis manifests in 3 different forms: Visceral (also known as Kala Azar), which is the most serious type; cutaneous, which is the most common type; and mucocutaneous. The symptoms of this infection range from a silent infection to fever, enlargement of the liver and spleen, weight loss, and pancytopenia. CASE REPORT In this case report, we discuss a 73-year-old man known to have chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), presenting with unremitting fever and who to our surprise was found to have Kala Azar...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707758/whipple-disease-presenting-as-cystic-brain-tumor-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Mohamed Kilani, Leila Njim, Atef Ben Nsir, Mohamed Nejib Hattab
Although neurological features are commonly encountered in Whipple"s disease (WD), presentation with purely neurological patterns is uncommon. Exclusive confinement to the central nervous system (CNS) is extremely rare. In these cases, the development of an isolated cerebral mass is exceptional. In the present paper, the authors describe a case of a 68-year-old man who presented with partial seizures. The neurological examination was normal. The imaging showed a cystic lesion. This tumor-like lesion was removed by performing frontal craniotomy...
2018: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691094/first-experience-of-the-egyptian-national-cancer-institute-using-the-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-approach-in-radical-hysterectomies-for-cervical-cancer
#10
Ashraf Saad Zaghloul, Ahmed Mahmoud El-Minawi, Mohamed Atef ElKordy, Amr Kamal Younes, Ahmed Mostafa Mahmoud, Waleed Mohamed Fadlalla, Gamal Amira Mohamed
AIM OF WORK: Robotics in surgery led to an improvement of visualization, a better handling of tissues and better suturing. This study aimed to document the first experience of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute (NCI) using the robot-assisted laparoscopic approach in radical hysterectomies for cervical cancer and to highlight observed advantages, disadvantages, morbidity and oncological outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of cases that had either early cervical cancer (stage IB-IIA1 with a tumor ≥2 cm) or locally advanced cervical cancer (Stage IIA2-IIB after chemo-radiotherapy) were collected prospectively...
April 21, 2018: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686365/multifunctional-activities-of-erf109-as-affected-by-salt-stress-in-arabidopsis
#11
Ahmed Bahieldin, Ahmed Atef, Sherif Edris, Nour O Gadalla, Ahmed M Ramadan, Sabah M Hassan, Sanaa G Al Attas, Magdy A Al-Kordy, Abdulrahman S M Al-Hajar, Jamal S M Sabir, Mahmoud E Nasr, Gamal H Osman, Fotouh M El-Domyati
Transcriptomic analysis was conducted in leaves of Arabidopsis T-DNA insertion ERF109-knocked out (KO) mutant or plants overexpressing (OE) the gene to detect its role in driving expression of programmed cell death- (PCD-) or growth-related genes under high salt (200 mM NaCl) stress. The analysis yielded ~22-24 million reads, of which 90% mapped to the Arabidopsis reference nuclear genome. Hierarchical cluster analysis of gene expression and principal component analysis (PCA) successfully separated transcriptomes of the two stress time points...
April 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683248/computer-guided-chin-harvest-a-novel-approach-for-autogenous-block-harvest-from-the-mandibular-symphesis
#12
Ahmed H Osman, Mohammed Atef
BACKGROUND: The introduction of CAD/CAM technology allowed clinicians to carry out complex procedures with a high level of precision and reproducibility and minimize the risk of injury during the procedure. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the efficacy of the CAD/CAM surgical guide during chin harvesting procedures in reducing the risk of neurosensory damage and patient morbidity compared with the standard technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: About 20 cases of autogenous block chin harvest were randomly into two groups...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662083/mechanical-tension-drives-elongational-growth-of-the-embryonic-gut
#13
Nicolas R Chevalier, Tinke-Marie de Witte, Annemiek J M Cornelissen, Sylvie Dufour, Véronique Proux-Gillardeaux, Atef Asnacios
During embryonic development, most organs are in a state of mechanical compression because they grow in a confined and limited amount of space within the embryo's body; the early gut is an exception because it physiologically herniates out of the coelom. We demonstrate here that physiological hernia is caused by a tensile force transmitted by the vitelline duct on the early gut loop at its attachment point at the umbilicus. We quantify this tensile force and show that applying tension for 48 h induces stress-dependent elongational growth of the embryonic gut in culture, with an average 90% length increase (max: 200%), 65% volume increase (max: 160%), 50% dry mass increase (max: 100%), and 165% cell number increase (max: 300%); this mechanical cue is required for organ growth as guts not subject to tension do not grow...
April 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625388/crocin-reverses-unilateral-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-induced-augmentation-of-oxidative-stress-and-toll-like-receptor-4-activity
#14
Hadeer O Abou-Hany, Hoda Atef, Eman Said, Hassan A Elkashef, Hatem A Salem
Renal Ischemia (RI) usually develops as a secondary manifestation of hypertension, various cardiovascular disorders and renal transplantation. It exerts hypoxic oxidative stress to kidneys, together with stimulation of several immune-mediated inflammatory cascades. Such events eventually damage renal tubules and glomeruli, driving acute kidney injury (AKI) and ultimately, renal failure. Crocin; the main bioactive constituent of Crocus sativus extract has been reported to demonstrate numerous pharmacological merits...
March 27, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619104/the-role-of-the-level-of-interleukin-33-in-the-therapeutic-outcomes-of-immunotherapy-in-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis
#15
Wail Fayez Nasr, Samir Sorour Sorour, Atef Taha El Bahrawy, Ghada Samir Boghdadi, Alia A El Shahaway
Introduction  Allergic rhinitis (AR) affects up to 40% of the population and results in nasal itching, congestion, sneezing, and clear rhinorrhea. Objectives  This study aimed to evaluate the changes in the clinical symptoms and in the level of serum interleukin (IL)-33 before and after pollen immunotherapy (IT) in patients with AR. Methods  The total symptom score and the levels of total immunoglobulin E (IgE) and IL-33 were determined in the serum of 10 non-allergic healthy controls and 45 patients with AR who were equally divided into 3 groups: GI (patients did not receive IT), GII (patients had received IT for 6 months) and GIII (patients had received IT for 2 years)...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618398/a-simple-vortex-assisted-magnetic-dispersive-solid-phase-microextraction-system-for-preconcentration-and-separation-of-triazine-herbicides-from-environmental-water-and-vegetable-samples-using-fe%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-mil-100-fe-sorbent
#16
Atefe Nasrollahpour, Seyyed Ershad Moradi
A vortex-assisted magnetic dispersive solid phase microextraction coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography has been developed for the extraction and determination of triazine herbicides by using magnetic metal organic frameworks [Fe₃O₄@MIL-100(Fe)] in environmental water and vegetable samples. The Fe₃O₄@MIL-100(Fe) composite has been characterized by using X-ray diffraction spectroscopy, tunneling electron microscopy, thermogravimetric measurement, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller analysis. The method is based on the sorption of triazine herbicides on Fe₃O₄@MIL-100(Fe) because of the complex formation between iron oxide nanoparticles and triazine herbicides beside π-π interactions between organic parts of Fe₃O₄@MIL-100(Fe) and triazine herbicides...
April 4, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618069/genetic-diversity-and-antifungal-susceptibility-of-candida-albicans-isolated-from-iranian-patients
#17
Somayeh Sharifynia, Sasan Rezaie, Abdolreza Mohamadnia, Vida Mortezaee, Atefe Hadian, Seyedmojtaba Seyedmousavi
A total of 105 independent Candida albicans strains isolated from patients in Iran were investigated. According to CLSI documents M27-A3 and M27-S4, the 24 h geometric mean MICs of caspofungin, itraconazole, and fluconazole were 0.27, 3.19, and 11.91 μg/ml, respectively. Microsatellites analysis of CEF3, CAIII, LOC4 Loci identified 93 different allelic genotypes clustered apart into six different clades. Antifungal susceptibility was not linked with the source of isolation and the corresponding genotype of C...
March 29, 2018: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609507/biomechanical-characterization-of-the-junzuki-karate-punch-indexes-of-performance
#18
Martina Rinaldi, Yasmen Nasr, Ghada Atef, Fabiano Bini, Tiwana Varrecchia, Carmela Conte, Giorgia Chini, Alberto Ranavolo, Francesco Draicchio, Francesco Pierelli, Mokhtar Amin, Franco Marinozzi, Mariano Serrao
The aims of this study were: (i) to determine kinematic, kinetic, and electromyographic characteristics of Junzuki karate punch in professional karate athletes; (ii) to identify biomechanical parameters that correlate with punch force and lead to a higher punching performance; (iii) to verify the presence of muscle co-activation in the upper limb, trunk, and lower limb muscles. Data were collected from nine experienced karatekas from the Accademia Italiana Karate e Arti Marziali during the execution of the specific punch...
April 3, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607221/a-rare-central-venous-catheter-malposition-in-a-10-year-old-girl
#19
Ali Movafegh, Alireza Saliminia, Reza Atef-Yekta, Omid Azimaraghi
Central venous catheters (CVCs) are placed in operating rooms worldwide via different approaches. Like any other medical procedure, CVC placement can cause a variety of complications. We report the case of an unexpected malposition of a catheter in the right internal jugular vein, where it looped back on itself during placement and went upward into the right internal jugular vein. CVC line placement should always be viewed as a procedure that could become complicated, even in the hands of the most experienced operators...
2018: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606040/decision-making-algorithm-for-minimally-invasive-approaches-to-anterior-skull-base-meningiomas
#20
Malte Ottenhausen, Kavelin Rumalla, Andrew F Alalade, Prakash Nair, Emanuele La Corte, Iyan Younus, Jonathan A Forbes, Atef Ben Nsir, Matei A Banu, Apostolos John Tsiouris, Theodore H Schwartz
OBJECTIVE Anterior skull base meningiomas are benign lesions that cause neurological symptoms through mass effect on adjacent neurovascular structures. While traditional transcranial approaches have proven to be effective at removing these tumors, minimally invasive approaches that involve using an endoscope offer the possibility of reducing brain and nerve retraction, minimizing incision size, and speeding patient recovery; however, appropriate case selection and results in large series are lacking. METHODS The authors developed an algorithm for selecting a supraorbital keyhole minicraniotomy (SKM) for olfactory groove meningiomas or an expanded endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) for tuberculum sella (TS) or planum sphenoidale (PS) meningiomas based on the presence or absence of olfaction and the anatomical extent of the tumor...
April 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
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