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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319376/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-ptsd
#1
Lauren M Oppizzi, Reba Umberger
Although physical activity (PA) is known to reduce anxiety and depression, less is known about the effects of PA on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The author examined the state of the science regarding the effect of PA on PTSD. Three themes emerged: PA characteristics, added benefits of PA as a PTSD intervention, and theories on the method of action. Physical activity seems to be an effective adjunct therapy to reduce PTSD symptom severity. Findings are inconsistent between observational and controlled studies...
January 10, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262292/mice-overexpressing-lamin-b1-in-oligodendrocytes-recapitulate-the-age-dependent-motor-signs-but-not-the-early-autonomic-cardiovascular-dysfunction-of-autosomal-dominant-leukodystrophy-adld
#2
Viviana Lo Martire, Sara Alvente, Stefano Bastianini, Chiara Berteotti, Cristiano Bombardi, Giovanna Calandra-Buonaura, Sabina Capellari, Gary Cohen, Pietro Cortelli, Laura Gasparini, Quasar Padiath, Alice Valli, Giovanna Zoccoli, Alessandro Silvani
Autosomal dominant leukodystrophy (ADLD) is a rare adult-onset demyelinating disease caused by overexpression of lamin B1, a nuclear lamina filament. Early autonomic dysfunction involving the cardiovascular system before progressive somatic motor dysfunction is a striking feature of most cases of ADLD. In the Plp-FLAG-LMNB1 transgenic mouse model, lamin B1 overexpression in oligodendrocytes elicits somatic motor dysfunction and neuropathology akin to ADLD. Here, we investigate whether Plp-FLAG-LMNB1 mice also develop autonomic cardiovascular dysfunctions before or after somatic motor dysfunction...
December 17, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259809/the-addition-of-a-tension-night-splint-to-a-structured-home-rehabilitation-programme-in-patients-with-chronic-plantar-fasciitis-does-not-lead-to-significant-additional-benefits-in-either-pain-function-or-flexibility-a-single-blinded-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Patrick C Wheeler
Objective: To identify any improvements in pain or function in patients with chronic plantar fasciitis following the use of a tension night splint (TNS). Methods: Single-blinded randomised controlled trial, with participants split evenly between intervention group (TNS + home exercise programme/HEP) and control group (HEP only). Follow-up at 3 months, with interim data at 6 weeks. Results: 40 patients recruited. Mean age 52.1 years, 33% male, mean body mass index 30...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241422/factors-associated-with-injury-among-employees-at-a-u-s-army-hospital
#4
Anna Schuh-Renner, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Darren W Hearn, P Ann Loveless, Bruce H Jones
The purpose of this study was to investigate injury incidence and factors associated with injury among employees at a large U.S. Army hospital to inform injury prevention planning and health promotion education efforts. Demographics, health behaviors, and injury history were collected by survey from hospital employees between October and December 2014. Descriptive statistics were reported and factors associated with injury were determined using multiple logistic regression. Respondents (380; 56% females, 44% males; 54% active duty military, 45% civilians) reported a prevalence of unhealthy behaviors (e...
December 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237047/correlates-of-high-impact-physical-activity-measured-objectively-in-older-british-adults
#5
Ahmed Elhakeem, Kimberly Hannam, Kevin C Deere, April Hartley, Emma M Clark, Charlotte Moss, Mark H Edwards, Elaine Dennison, Tim Gaysin, Diana Kuh, Andrew Wong, Kenneth R Fox, Cyrus Cooper, Rachel Cooper, Jon H Tobias
Background: Exposure to higher magnitude vertical impacts is thought to benefit bone health. The correlates of this high-impact physical activity (PA) in later life are unknown. Methods: Participants were from the Cohort for Skeletal Health in Bristol and Avon, Hertfordshire Cohort Study and MRC National Survey of Health and Development. Associations of demographic, behavioural, physiological and psychological factors with vertical acceleration peaks ≥1.5 g (i...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234136/study-adherence-in-a-tdcs-longitudinal-clinical-trial-with-people-with-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Sandra Carvalho, Jorge Leite, Felipe Jones, Leslie R Morse, Ross Zafonte, Felipe Fregni
STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a clinical trial. OBJECTIVES: To analyze adherence to 1-year transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) clinical trial in people with chronic pain due to spinal cord injury (SCI). We also explore the association between dropout and several baseline variables such as age, depression levels, pain severity, number of days with pain in the last 7 days, walking ability, sleep, work, relationship with others, and enjoyment with life...
December 13, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218768/relationships-between-serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-concentration-and-parameters-for-health-scores-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#7
Mitsugu Hachisu, Masahiro Hashizume, Hisashi Kawai, Hirohiko Hirano, Motonaga Kojima, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Shuichi Obuchi, Kazushige Ihara
AIM: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have been implicated in the progression of neuronal survival, phenotyping differentiation and maintenance of various neurons, as well as neurogenesis. We studied how BDNF affects health parameters of older adults by carrying out a health examination of community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: We measured the serum BDNF concentration of 898 older adults aged 65-84 years who participated in regional health examinations in the Tokyo area and also measured various parameters, such as the thickness of the quadriceps femoris, percentage of body fat, body mass index, grip strength, frequency of walking, and use of sleeping drugs and steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
December 8, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186154/external-validation-of-a-collar-mounted-triaxial-accelerometer-for-second-by-second-monitoring-of-eight-behavioural-states-in-dogs
#8
Ingrid den Uijl, Constanza B Gómez Álvarez, David Bartram, Yoni Dror, Robert Holland, Alasdair Cook
Early detection of disease by an animal owner may motivate them to seek early veterinary advice. Presentation before a more advanced clinical manifestation is evident could lead to more effective treatment and thus benefit the animal's health and welfare. Accelerometers are able to detect changes in specific activities or behaviours, thus indicating early signs of possible adverse health events. The objective of this validation study was to determine whether the detection of eight behavioural states: walk, trot, canter/gallop, sleep, static/inactive, eat, drink, and headshake, by an accelerometer device was sufficiently accurate to be useful in a clinical setting...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173609/effects-of-patent-foramen-ovale-closure-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-pcosa-study
#9
Stephen P Hoole, Jules Hernández-Sánchez, William R Davies, Duncan C McNab, Patrick A Calvert, Bushra S Rana, Leonard M Shapiro, Michael G Davies
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown a higher prevalence of patent foramen ovale (PFO) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Right to left shunting through a PFO may be encouraged by the respiratory physiology of OSAS, contributing to the disease pathophysiology. We assessed whether PFO closure would improve respiratory polygraphy parameters compared with baseline measurements in patients with OSAS. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with newly diagnosed OSAS and a moderate-large PFO (prevalence, 18% of 143 patients screened) were referred for PFO closure...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157594/short-sleep-duration-shift-work-and-actual-days-taken-off-work-are-predictive-life-style-risk-factors-for-new-onset-metabolic-syndrome-a-seven-year-cohort-study-of-40-000-male-workers
#10
Osamu Itani, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Mikiko Tokiya, Maki Jike, Atsushi Murata, Sachi Nakagome, Yuichiro Otsuka, Takashi Ohida
BACKGROUND: This longitudinal study investigated the effects of various lifestyle-related factors - including sleep duration, shift work, and actual days taken off work - on new-onset metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 39,182 male employees (mean age 42.4 ± 9.8 years) of a local government organization in Japan were followed up for a maximum of seven years, between 1999 and 2006. Multivariate analysis (Cox proportional hazard method) identified seven high-risk lifestyle factors that were significantly associated with new-onset MetS or a range of metabolic factors (obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia): (1) short sleep duration (<5 h/day), (2) shift work, (3) insufficient number of days off work, (4) always eating until satiety, (5) not trying to take every opportunity to walk, (6) alcohol intake ≥60 g/day, and (7) smoking...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156913/symptom-clusters-using-the-brief-pain-inventory-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#11
Vithusha Ganesh, Leah Drost, Nicholas Chiu, Liying Zhang, Leonard Chiu, Ronald Chow, Nicholas Lao, Bo Angela Wan, Justin Lee, Edward Chow, Carlo DeAngelis
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess symptom clusters in functional interference using the brief pain inventory (BPI) in patients with non-metastatic breast cancer (BC) during and after chemotherapy. METHODS: A principal component analysis with varimax rotation was conducted on data from 228 patients to identify two clusters at baseline and two intervals following treatment. RESULTS: Physical (general activity, normal work, walking ability) and psychosocial (mood, relationships, sleep, enjoyment of life) interference clusters were present at baseline...
October 18, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151795/the-influence-of-occlusal-stabilization-appliances-on-cervical-dystonia-symptoms
#12
Camelia Navrotchi, Mîndra Eugenia Badea
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the therapeutic efficiency of the occlusal stabilization appliance (OSA) in patients with cervical dystonia (CD). Methods: The study included 11 patients aged between 29 and 80 years, 7 women and 4 men, diagnosed with primary CD. The patients underwent an extra- and intra-oral clinical examination, followed by para-clinical examinations, necessary for the specifications of the OSA. The following data were recorded: demographic parameters, CD duration, management of the disease, dental impression, recording of the centric relationship, recording of the position of the upper jaw with the facial bow...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146865/echocardiographic-changes-with-non-invasive-ventilation-and-cpap-in-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome
#13
Jaime Corral, Maria Victoria Mogollon, M-Ángeles Sánchez-Quiroga, Javier Gómez de Terreros, Auxiliadora Romero, Candela Caballero, Joaquin Teran-Santos, María L Alonso-Álvarez, Teresa Gómez-García, Mónica González, Soledad López-Martínez, Pilar de Lucas, José M Marin, Odile Romero, Trinidad Díaz-Cambriles, Eusebi Chiner, Carlos Egea, Roberto M Lang, Babak Mokhlesi, Juan F Masa
RATIONALE: Despite a significant association between obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) and cardiac dysfunction, no randomised trials have assessed the impact of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) or CPAP on cardiac structure and function assessed by echocardiography. OBJECTIVES: We performed a secondary analysis of the data from the largest multicentre randomised controlled trial of OHS (Pickwick project, n=221) to determine the comparative efficacy of 2 months of NIV (n=71), CPAP (n=80) and lifestyle modification (control group, n=70) on structural and functional echocardiographic changes...
November 16, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126537/a-47-year-old-man-with-recurrent-unilateral-pleural-effusion
#14
Alexandra Haw, Ronald Kotler, Kevin Steinberg
A 47-year-old man with a medical history of hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and OSA presented with a 7- to 10-day history of progressively worsening dyspnea on exertion, with a walking distance of 60 feet. He had bilateral lower-extremity swelling and was prescribed furosemide without clinical improvement. At baseline, he used three pillows for sleeping. The patient was noncompliant with his CPAP treatment. He had no smoking history and was retired from working in technology sales. On review of systems, he denied cough, chest pain, hemoptysis, fevers, chills, or weight loss...
November 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105225/is-the-self-reporting-of-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-patients-treated-with-spinal-cord-stimulation-in-line-with-objective-measurements
#15
Lisa Goudman, Iris Smet, Peter Mariën, Mats De Jaeger, Sander De Groote, Eva Huysmans, Koen Putman, Jean-Pierre Van Buyten, Ronald Buyl, Maarten Moens
OBJECTIVES: To understand the subjective pain experience of patients, healthcare providers rely heavily on self-reporting. However, to quantify this unique pain experience, objective parameters are not yet available in daily clinical practice. With regard to patients with failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) treated with spinal cord stimulation (SCS), pain therapists may recover the individual functional information about the patient's posture from the implantable pulse generator (IPG) of the stimulator...
November 3, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095325/charcot-marie-tooth-disease-1x-simulating-paraparetic-guillain-barre-syndrome
#16
Dimitrios Parissis, Panagiotis Ioannidis, Georgios Papadopoulos, Dimitrios Karacostas
X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT 1X) is the second most common form of inherited demyelinating neuropathy. It is established that patients suffering from CMT 1X can have episodes of hemiparesis, paraparesis, quadriparesis, ataxia, aphasia, and dysarthria, which can be fully reversible, and 'trigger' factors for these episodes are usually febrile illness, high altitudes, hyperventilation, and physical activity. We describe a 22-year-old patient with a history of viral infection and sleep deprivation who presented to our department because of acute difficulty in walking and neurophysiological findings suggesting Guillain-Barre syndrome...
November 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070017/postdiagnostic-physical-activity-sleep-duration-and-tv-watching-and-all-cause-mortality-among-long-term-colorectal-cancer-survivors-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Ilka Ratjen, Clemens Schafmayer, Romina di Giuseppe, Sabina Waniek, Sandra Plachta-Danielzik, Manja Koch, Greta Burmeister, Ute Nöthlings, Jochen Hampe, Sabrina Schlesinger, Wolfgang Lieb
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle recommendations for cancer survivors are warranted to improve survival. In this study, we aimed to examine the association of total physical activity, different types of physical activity, hours of sleeping at day and night, and hours spent watching television (TV) with all-cause mortality in long-term colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors. METHODS: We assessed physical activity in 1376 CRC survivors (44% women; median age, 69 years) at median 6 years after CRC diagnosis using a validated questionnaire...
October 25, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069023/stair-negotiation-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#18
Daniel Collado-Mateo, Francisco J Domínguez-Muñoz, Pedro R Olivares, José C Adsuar, Narcis Gusi
Walking up and down stairs is a common and important activity of daily living. Women with fibromyalgia often show a reduced ability to perform this task.The objective of this study was to evaluate the test-retest reliability of stair negotiation tasks and to assess the impact of fibromyalgia symptoms on the ability to negotiate stairs.Forty-two women with fibromyalgia participated in this descriptive correlational study. The relevance of the stair negotiation (both walking up and down) was evaluated by assessing its association with the revised version of the fibromyalgia impact questionnaire (FIQ-R) and other health-related variables...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053410/the-effect-of-moderate-intensity-exercise-on-nightly-variability-in-objectively-measured-sleep-parameters-among-older-women
#19
Charity B Breneman, Christopher E Kline, Delia S West, Xuemei Sui, Ryan R Porter, Kimberly P Bowyer, Sabra Custer, Xuewen Wang
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Exercise training has been demonstrated to beneficially influence mean-level measures of sleep; however, few studies have examined the impact of an exercise intervention on night-to-night variability in sleep. This study investigated whether four months of moderate-intensity exercise impacted night-to-night variability in sleep among older women. METHODS: Participants (n = 49) were randomized to one of two moderate-intensity walking programs with different doses of energy expenditure: low-dose (n = 23: 8 kcal/kg of body weight per week) or high-dose (n = 26: 14 kcal/kg of body weight per week)...
October 20, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029240/a-greater-extent-of-insomnia-symptoms-and-physician-recommended-sleep-medication-use-predict-fall-risk-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#20
Tuo-Yu Chen, Soomi Lee, Orfeu M Buxton
Study Objectives: Cross-sectional studies suggest that insomnia symptoms are associated with falls in later life. This longitudinal study examines the independent and interactive effects of the extent of insomnia symptoms (i.e., multiple co-existing insomnia symptoms) and sleep medications on fall risk over a 2-year follow-up among community-dwelling older adults. Methods: Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (2006-2014, N = 6882, Mage = 74.5 years ± 6...
November 1, 2017: Sleep
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