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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631227/frequent-occurrence-of-pain-and-prescription-opioid-use-for-treatment-of-pain-among-women-with-and-at-risk-for-hiv-infection
#1
Anjali Sharma, Donald R Hoover, Qiuhu Shi, Jennie C I Tsao, Christopher Cox, Deborah R Gustafson, Kathleen Weber, Ruth M Greenblatt, Bradley E Aouizerat, Michael W Plankey
Pain is frequent and underreported among HIV+ women. We determined occurrence and severity of pain, and types of pain treatments used among HIV+ and HIV- women. Cross-sectional analyses of pain as measured by the Brief Pain Inventory Short Form, and related pain therapies nested in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). Multiple variable linear regression models examined differences by HIV status in pain severity and pain interference in general activity, mood, ability to walk, work, relationships with others, sleep, and enjoyment of life...
June 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627013/regular-exercise-improves-the-well-being-of-parents-of-children-with-cancer
#2
Gail C Halliday, Gordon C P Miles, Julie A Marsh, Rishi S Kotecha, Angela J Alessandri
AIM: Parents of children with cancer describe impaired physical and social functioning, sleep disturbance and poor mental health. Exercise-related interventions impact positively on these quality of life domains, but have not been examined in this population. The aim of this longitudinal pilot study was to explore the feasibility of a 12-week pedometer-monitored walking intervention among parents of children with cancer, assessing adherence to a set activity target of 70,000 steps per week, and to explore the benefits of physical activity on mental and physical health...
June 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616006/the-burden-of-chronic-pain-after-major-head-and-neck-tumor-therapy
#3
Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Siny Tsang, Anwar S Alshehri, Dhaifallah S Mulafikh, Abdulrahman A Alghulikah, Saleh F AlDhahri
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the burden of chronic pain after major head and neck tumors' therapy. In this study, we aimed to estimate the prevalence of chronic pain, explore the factors associated with the presence of chronic pain, and assess the consequences of chronic pain on the patients' quality of life. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional survey among patients who had completed their therapy (e.g., surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy) for major head and neck (larynx, nasopharynx, oropharynx, hypopharynx, oral cavity, tongue, and sinuses) tumors after at least 3 months...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601099/ambient-fine-particulate-matter-air-pollution-and-physical-activity-a-longitudinal-study-of-university-retirees-in-beijing-china
#4
Hongjun Yu, Ruopeng An, Flavia Andrade
OBJECTIVES: We examined the longitudinal relationship between ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution and physical activity-related health behaviors among university retirees in Beijing, China. METHODS: Annual health surveys of retirees were conducted at Tsinghua University during 2011-2016. We conducted linear individual fixed-effect regression analyses to estimate the impact of ambient PM2.5 concentration on physical activity-related health behaviors among survey participants, adjusting for various time-variant individual characteristics and environmental measures...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599953/naps-improve-new-walkers-locomotor-problem-solving
#5
Sarah E Berger, Anat Scher
In this first study of the impact of sleep on infants' problem solving of a locomotor task, 28 newly walking infants who were within a week of having given up crawling trained to navigate a shoulder-height tunnel to reach a caregiver waiting at the end. During the transitional window between crawling and walking, infants are reluctant to return to crawling, making this task uniquely challenging. Infants were randomly assigned to either nap or stay awake during a delay between training and a later test session...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598535/functional-impairment-and-risk-of-venous-thrombosis-in-older-adults
#6
Marissa J Engbers, Jeanet W Blom, Mary Cushman, Frits R Rosendaal, Astrid van Hylckama Vlieg
OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of age-specific risk factors for thrombosis in older age, such as functional impairment. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: The Age and Thrombosis-Acquired and Genetic risk factors in the Elderly Study, a two-center study conducted in the Netherlands and the United States from 2008 to 2011. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 70 and older with a first-time deep venous thrombosis in the leg or pulmonary embolism (n = 401) and controls aged 70 and older (n = 431) without a history of thrombosis...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597090/ethnic-and-gender-differences-in-preferred-activities-among-m%C3%A4-ori-and-non-m%C3%A4-ori-of-advanced-age-in-new-zealand
#7
Valerie A Wright-St Clair, Angela Rapson, Mere Kepa, Martin Connolly, Sally Keeling, Anna Rolleston, Ruth Teh, Joanna B Broad, Lorna Dyall, Santosh Jatrana, Janine Wiles, Avinesh Pillai, Nick Garrett, Ngaire Kerse
This study explored active aging for older Māori and non-Māori by examining their self-nominated important everyday activities. The project formed part of the first wave of a longitudinal cohort study of aging well in New Zealand. Māori aged 80 to 90 and non-Māori aged 85 were recruited. Of the 937 participants enrolled, 649 answered an open question about their three most important activities. Responses were coded under the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), Activities and Participation domains...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575467/arousability-and-fall-risk-during-forced-awakenings-from-nocturnal-sleep-among-healthy-males-following-administration-of-zolpidem-10-mg-and-doxepin-6-mg-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-four-way-crossover-trial
#8
Christopher L Drake, Heith Durrence, Philip Cheng, Thomas Roth, Vivek Pillai, Edward L Peterson, Meeta Singh, Kieulinh Michelle Tran
Study Objectives: To examine and compare the arousability threshold and fall risk upon awakening of doxepin (6 mg) versus zolpidem (10 mg). Methods: A total of 52 healthy adult males were included in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, 4-way crossover study. The experimental procedure included four nights with polysomnography in the lab (zolpidem, doxepin, and their respective placebo conditions). Arousability was measured using an auditory awakening threshold delivered at the peak-plasma concentration for the active hypnotics and at matched times for the respective placebo conditions...
June 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558865/early-onset-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-two-children-with-sepn1-related-myopathies
#9
Mathilde Viprey, Ha Trang, Michaël Pomedio, Katia Bessaci-Kabouya, Pascal Sabouraud, Fawzia Cheliout-Heraut, Pierre Mauran
Selenoprotein-related myopathy (SEPN1-RM) is a rare disease with a variable clinical presentation. The selenoproteinN1 gene (SEPN1) mutation causingthis congenital muscular dystrophy was identified in 2001. Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) may occur in young patients with SEPN1-RM who are stillable to walk. We report the cases of two children with SEPN1-RM who presented with SDB at the ages of 7 and 12 years and for whom long-term nocturnalnoninvasive ventilation yielded significant improvement. Based on literature review and our current cases, it seems that there is no obvious relationshipbetween the time since SDB onset and outcome of pulmonary function tests or limb muscle weakness...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558841/physical-pain-is-common-and-associated-with-nonmedical-prescription-opioid-use-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#10
Disa Dahlman, Alex H Kral, Lynn Wenger, Anders Hakansson, Scott P Novak
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) often have poor health and lack access to health care. The aim of this study was to examine whether PWID engage in self-treatment through nonmedical prescription opioid use (NMPOU). We describe the prevalence and features of self-reported physical pain and its association with NMPOU. METHODS: PWID (N = 702) in San Francisco, California (age 18+) were recruited to complete interviewer administered surveys between 2011 and 2013...
May 30, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551911/-extrinsic-and-intrinsic-factors-for-falls-that-caused-hip-fracture
#11
Atzmon Tsur, Nael Shakeer, Zvi Segal, Dorit Itah, Dana Eluz
INTRODUCTION: Among the reasons described as possibly causing falls in older and elderly people are extrinsic factors such as bumping into objects, slipping on a wet floor, etc., and intrinsic factors - those that occur suddenly without warning. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the connection between the reasons for falls, extrinsic or intrinsic and different medical and nonmedical factors. METHODS: The survey included 82 people, 53 women and 29 men, who fell and broke their hip, underwent surgery, and were treated at the Rehabilitation Department...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539087/artificial-intelligence-methodologies-and-their-application-to-diabetes
#12
Mercedes Rigla, Gema García-Sáez, Belén Pons, Maria Elena Hernando
In the past decade diabetes management has been transformed by the addition of continuous glucose monitoring and insulin pump data. More recently, a wide variety of functions and physiologic variables, such as heart rate, hours of sleep, number of steps walked and movement, have been available through wristbands or watches. New data, hydration, geolocation, and barometric pressure, among others, will be incorporated in the future. All these parameters, when analyzed, can be helpful for patients and doctors' decision support...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537332/comparison-of-intermittent-fasting-versus-caloric-restriction-in-obese-subjects-a-two-year-follow-up
#13
F B Aksungar, M Sarıkaya, A Coskun, M Serteser, I Unsal
OBJECTIVE: Caloric restriction (CR) is proven to be effective in increasing life span and it is well known that, nutritional habits, sleeping pattern and meal frequency have profound effects on human health. In Ramadan some Muslims fast during the day-light hours for a month, providing us a unique model of intermittent fasting (IF) in humans. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of IF versus CR on the same non-diabetic obese subjects who were followed for two years according to the growth hormone (GH)/Insulin like growth factor (IGF)-1 axis and insulin resistance...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525321/characteristics-of-the-life-habits-of-obese-students-at-one-of-japan-s-national-colleges-of-technology
#14
Yoshinori Nagasawa, Shin-Ichi Demura, Shigeru Shimada
Aim This study clarified the characteristics of life habits of obese Japanese male students at the National Colleges of Technology, Japan. Materials and methods Healthy students aged 15-19 years answered a questionnaire containing 21 items on the following five categories of life habits: general exercise, meals, sleeping, leisure activity and illness or injury history. The subjects were divided into three groups based on the criteria of body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (%BF): non-obese (%BF < 20%, n = 420), overweight obese (%BF ≥ 20% and BMI ≥ 25, n = 99), and hidden obese (%BF ≥ 20% and BMI < 25, n = 60)...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511486/a-review-on-detection-and-treatment-methods-of-sleep-apnea
#15
REVIEW
Rajeswari Jayaraj, Jagannath Mohan, Adalarasu Kanagasabai
This paper presents a review on detection and treatment methods of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is the most common type of breathing-related sleep disorder. It manifests in a variety of behaviours from teeth grinding to night terrors as involuntary night-time events. The most common sleep disorders are narcolepsy, hypersomnia, sleep talking, sleep walking, and bedwetting. Sleep apnea (somnipathy) is a serious sleep disorder that pauses breathing while sleeping. Breathing pauses occur 30 times or more during sleep and it lasts for few seconds to minutes, when normal breathing starts after this pause...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506514/a-novel-cooling-method-and-comparison-of-active-rewarming-of-mildly-hypothermic-subjects
#16
Mark L Christensen, Grant S Lipman, Dennis A Grahn, Kate M Shea, Joseph Einhorn, H Craig Heller
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of arteriovenous anastomosis (AVA) vs heated intravenous fluid (IVF) rewarming in hypothermic subjects. Additionally, we sought to develop a novel method of hypothermia induction. METHODS: Eight subjects underwent 3 cooling trials each to a mean core temperature of 34.8±0.6 (32.7 to 36.3°C) by 14°C water immersion for 30 minutes, followed by walking on a treadmill for 5 minutes. Core temperatures (Δtes) and rates of cooling (°C/h) were measured...
May 11, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503133/behavioral-senescence-and-aging-related-changes-in-motor-neurons-and-brain-neuromodulator-levels-are-ameliorated-by-lifespan-extending-reproductive-dormancy-in-drosophila
#17
Sifang Liao, Susan Broughton, Dick R Nässel
The lifespan of Drosophilamelanogaster can be extended substantially by inducing reproductive dormancy (also known as diapause) by lowered temperature and short days. This increase of longevity is accompanied by lowered metabolism and increased stress tolerance. We ask here whether behavioral senescence is ameliorated during adult dormancy. To study this we kept flies for seven or more weeks in normal rearing conditions or in diapause conditions and compared to 1-week-old flies in different behavioral assays of sleep, negative geotaxis and exploratory walking...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482421/-effect-of-home-noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-on-patients-with-severe-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-meta-analysis
#18
Y Liu, B Dai, J Su, Y Peng, W Tan, H W Zhao
Objective: To evaluate the effect of home noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) on patients with severe stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) by meta-analysis. Methods: The data of this meta-analysis was retrieved from the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, Wanfang, Weipu and CNKI databases from January 1980 to January 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on comparison of the effect of home NPPV in patients with severe stable COPD were enrolled. The enrolled data were divided into different subgroups in terms of the levels of inspiratory positive airway pressure(IPAP), different duration of ventilation per day, and different levels of baseline hypercapnia on change in PaCO(2)...
May 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478701/exercise-habits-and-factors-associated-with-exercise-in-systemic-sclerosis-a-scleroderma-patient-centered-intervention-network-spin-cohort-study
#19
Marleine Azar, Danielle B Rice, Linda Kwakkenbos, Marie-Eve Carrier, Ian Shrier, Susan J Bartlett, Marie Hudson, Luc Mouthon, Serge Poiraudeau, Cornelia H M van den Ende, Sindhu R Johnson, Tatiana Sofia Rodriguez Reyna, Anne A Schouffoer, Joep Welling, Brett D Thombs
OBJECTIVE: Exercise is associated with improved health in many medical conditions. Little is known about the exercise habits of people with systemic sclerosis (SSc, or scleroderma). This study assessed the proportion of individuals with SSc who exercise and associations of demographic and disease variables with exercise. Additionally, the weekly amount of time spent exercising and the types of exercise performed were assessed among patients exercising. METHODS: The sample consisted of adult participants with SSc enrolled in the Scleroderma Patient-centered Intervention Network (SPIN) Cohort who completed baseline questionnaires from March 2014 through August 2015...
May 8, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472190/on-the-health-paradox-of-occupational-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-using-objective-measurements-effects-on-autonomic-imbalance
#20
David M Hallman, Marie Birk Jørgensen, Andreas Holtermann
OBJECTIVE: Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) has considerable benefits for cardiovascular health and longevity, while occupational physical activity (OPA) is associated with an elevated cardiovascular risk. This "health paradox" may be explained by different effects on the autonomic nervous system from OPA and LTPA. Thus, we aimed to investigate whether objectively measured OPA and LTPA are differentially associated with autonomic regulation among workers. METHODS: The study comprised 514 blue-collar workers from the Danish cohort DPHACTO...
2017: PloS One
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