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sleep walking

Dayna A Johnson, Jana A Hirsch, Kari A Moore, Susan Redline, Ana V Diez Roux
Although dense neighborhood built environments support increased physical activity and lower obesity, these features may also disturb sleep. Therefore, we sought to understand the association between the built environment and objectively measured sleep. From 2010 to 2013, we analyzed data from examination 5 of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, a diverse population from 6 US cities. We fit multilevel models that assessed the association between the built environment (Street Smart Walk Score, social engagement destinations, street intersections, and population density) and sleep duration or efficiency from 1-week wrist actigraphy in 1,889 individuals...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
Michelle R Zeidler, Jennifer L Martin, Eric C Kleerup, Hartmut Schneider, Michael N Mitchell, Nadia N Hansel, Krishna Sundar, Helena Schotland, Robert C Basner, James Wells, Jerry A Krishnan, Gerard J Criner, Stephanie Cristenson, Samuel Krachman, M Safwan Badr
Study Objectives: Sleep quality is poor among patients with COPD, and studies show sleep disturbance is associated with low overall quality of life in this population. We evaluated the impact of patient-reported sleep quality and sleep apnea risk on disease-specific and overall quality of life within COPD patients enrolled in the SPIROMICS study, after accounting for demographics and COPD disease severity. Methods: Baseline data from 1,341 participants [892 mild/moderate COPD (FEV1≥50% predicted); 449 severe COPD (FEV1<50%)], were used to perform three nested (blocks) regression models to predict quality of life (Short Form-12 mental and physical components and St...
March 9, 2018: Sleep
W C Wang, F F Yan, J Y Hu, O A Amen, H W Cheng
Probiotics reduce stress-related inflammation and abnormal behaviors in humans and rodents via regulation of the microbiota-gut-brain axis. The objective of this study was to determine if probiotic, Bacillus subtilis, has similar functions in broiler chickens under heat stress (HS). Two hundred forty 1-day-old broiler chicks were assigned to 48 pens with 4 treatments: Thermoneutral (TN)-RD (regular diet), TN-PD (the regular diet mixed with 1×106 CFU/g feed probiotic), HS-RD and HS-PD. Probiotic (Sporulin®) was fed from day 1; and HS at 32 ºC for 10 h daily was initiated at day 15...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Kazunori Yoh, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Noriko Ishii, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Yuho Miyamoto, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Ryo Takata, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
Introduction and purpose: Patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) have long been known to have high rates of depression. Depression in patients with PC can be linked to sleep disturbance. The American College of Sports Medicine notes that physical exercise is safe for most patients with cancer and physical inactivity should be avoided. However, clinical impacts of exercise interventions (EIs) on patients with PC have been poorly investigated. We aim to prospectively examine the effect of EIs on sleep disturbance in patients with PC using actigraphy, which is an objective measurement of motor activity and sleep...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Kazunori Yoh, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Noriko Ishii, Yuho Miyamoto, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Ryo Takata, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
Introduction: In most chronic pancreatitis (CP) cases, malabsorption, pain, and weight loss are the leading clinical symptoms, which significantly worsen the quality of life (QOL) and decreased QOL in patients with CP can cause sleep disorder. There is a growing body of evidence that recognises the favourable effects of physical exercise (PE), however, there are limited data currently available concerning patients with CP undergoing PE. Actigram is a device for gathering objective sleep/awake data in the natural sleeping surroundings over an extended time period...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Minhao Wu, Jiajia Su, Feifei Yan, Lin Cai, Zhouming Deng
RATIONALE: Skipped multifocal extensive spinal tuberculosis (TB) involving the whole spine is very rare. So far, only 3 cases have been reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a rare case of skipped multifocal extensive TB involving the whole spine of a 33-year-old Chinese male. The patient had been asymptomatic until his symptom was significantly aggravated, which caused him to have difficulty in walking and sleeping. The whole spinal computed tomography (CT) scan showed multifocal worm-eaten and osteolytic bony destruction spread over noncontiguous multilevel vertebral involvement in cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Haiming Qin, Junrong Li, Beihai He, Jingbo Sun, Lingrui Li, Liying Qian
Smart garments, which can capture electrocardiogram signals at any time or location, can alert others to the risk of heart attacks and prevent sudden cardiac death when people are sleeping, walking, or running. Novel wearable electrodes for smart garments based on conductive chitosan fabrics were fabricated by electroless plating of silver nanoparticles onto the surfaces of the fibers. The electrical resistance, which is related to the silver content of the composite fabrics, can be as low as 0.0332 ± 0.0041 Ω/sq due to the strong reactivity between amine groups and silver ions...
March 2, 2018: Materials
Meng Zhang, Asad J Khattak, Jun Liu, David Clarke
Rail-trespassing crashes that involve various levels of injuries to pedestrians are under-researched. Rail trespassing could occur at crossings where pedestrians are present at the wrong time and at non-crossings where pedestrians are not legally allowed to be present. This paper presents a comparative study examining rail-trespassing crashes in two contexts: highway-rail grade crossings vs. non-crossings. How pre-crash trespassing behaviors and other factors (e.g., crash time, locations, and socio-demographics) differ between grade crossings and non-crossings are explored...
February 26, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Simone Benedetto, Christian Caldato, Elia Bazzan, Darren C Greenwood, Virginia Pensabene, Paolo Actis
Fitness trackers are devices or applications for monitoring and tracking fitness-related metrics such as distance walked or run, calorie consumption, quality of sleep and heart rate. Since accurate heart rate monitoring is essential in fitness training, the objective of this study was to assess the accuracy and precision of the Fitbit Charge 2 for measuring heart rate with respect to a gold standard electrocardiograph. Fifteen healthy participants were asked to ride a stationary bike for 10 minutes and their heart rate was simultaneously recorded from each device...
2018: PloS One
Junxin Li, Binbin Yang, Miranda Varrasse, Xiaopeng Ji, MaoChun Wu, Manman Li, Kun Li
This cross-sectional study was conducted to describe physical activity and sleep in 290 community-dwelling Chinese older adults and to examine the association between physical activity and poor sleep outcomes. Almost half of the sample were poor sleepers. The majority of the sample regularly participated in walking, some household activity and light sports; yet, only a small portion were involved in work-related activity or in strenuous sports. A greater level of overall physical activity [Odds Ratio (OR) =0...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
C-C J J Chen, S D R Ringenbach
BACKGROUND: High prevalence of obesity and features of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are major health issues in individuals with Down syndrome (DS), and both may also affect adversely on their daily activities. Further, lower levels of physical work capacity (PWC) have been reported in this population compared to their peers with intellectual disabilities. However, no study examines the relationships between obesity and sleep problems with PWC in individuals with DS. Thus, this study investigated the influence of body mass index (BMI) and different types of sleep problems on PWC in adolescents and young adults with DS (14-31 years)...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Heather D Simister, Gregg A Tkachuk, Barbara L Shay, Norah Vincent, Joseph J Pear, Ryan Q Skrabek
In this study, 67 participants (95% female) with fibromyalgia (FM) were randomly assigned to an online acceptance and commitment therapy (online ACT) + treatment as usual (TAU) protocol or a TAU control condition. Online ACT + TAU participants were asked to complete seven modules over an 8-week period. Assessments were completed at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and three-month follow-up periods and included measures of FM impact (primary outcome), depression, pain, sleep, 6-minute walk, sit-to-stand, pain acceptance (primary process variable), mindfulness, cognitive fusion, valued living, kinesiophobia, and pain catastrophizing...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Lieneke van den Heuvel, Andrew S Lim, Naomi P Visanji, Jana Huang, Taneera Ghate, Tiago A Mestre, Amaal AlDakheel, Barbara S Connolly, Carmen Gasca-Salas, Drew S Kern, Jennifer Jain, Elizabeth J Slow, Margarita Pondal, Achinoam Faust-Socher, Ekaterina Rogaeva, George Tomlinson, Anthony E Lang, Connie Marras
BACKGROUND: With recent advances in the search for disease-modifying therapies for Parkinson's disease (PD) the importance of identifying prodromal markers becomes greater. Non-manifesting LRRK2 mutation carriers (NMC) are at risk for developing PD, and provide a population in which to identify possible markers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that NMC have differences in daily activity, fragmentation of sleep, arm swing asymmetry, and movement variability during walking, detectable by actigraphy, as compared to matched control subjects...
2018: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
Natália da Silva Freitas Marques, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Bárbara Vieira Dos Santos, Cândido Ferreira Rodrigues Neto, José Rener Cordeiro da Silva, Karine Ketlem de Souza Braga, Kariny da Silva Uchôa, Laila Maria Silva Moraes, Leillane Cristina de Paiva Ferreira, Natanael Guimaraes Ribeiro, Savio Lima Dos Santos, Tayná Almeida da Silva, Paulo Evaristo de Andrade, Rodrigo Daminello Raimundo
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction reflex of the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus (DM) favors an increase in morbidity and mortality related to cardiovascular events, and for this reason has been one of the most studied clinical entities. METHOD: An experimental study of a randomized clinical trial type was therefore proposed to analyze the hemodynamic and glycemic response after the practice of a rehabilitation program in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Isabelle Vivodtzev, Renaud Tamisier, Marilie Croteau, Jean-Christian Borel, Angélique Grangier, Bernard Wuyam, Patrick Lévy, Caroline Minville, Frédéric Sériès, François Maltais, Jean-Louis Pépin
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and obesity are interdependent chronic diseases sharing reduced exercise tolerance and high cardiovascular risk. INTERVENTION: A 3-month intervention with innovative training modalities would further improve functional capacity and cardiovascular health than usual cycle exercise training in already continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)-treated obese patients with OSA. METHODS: Fifty three patients (35<body mass index (BMI) <45 kg/m2 ) were randomly allocated to exercise training on a cycle ergometer, either alone (ERGO) or with respiratory muscle training (ERGO+RMT) or non-invasive ventilation (ERGO+NIV)...
February 20, 2018: Thorax
Deldar Morad Abdulah, Rasoul Sabri Piro
BACKGROUND: College students experience various types of sleep disorders that impact daily functioning. Previous studies have focused on the effect of one sleep disorder. OBJECTIVE: Examine factors that might relate to several sleep disorders and the impacts of sleep disorders on the daily functioning in medical students. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Medical college. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A random sample of medical students from a public university was invited to participate in a cross-sectional study using the structured SLEEP-50 self-reported questionnaire...
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Ahsan Azhar, Angelique N Wong, Agustina A Cerana, Vishidha R Balankari, Madhuri Adabala, Diane D Liu, Janet L Williams, Eduardo Bruera
CONTEXT: There is limited literature regarding outpatient palliative care and factors associated with unscheduled clinic visits. OBJECTIVE: To compare characteristics of patients with unscheduled vs scheduled outpatient palliative care clinic visits. METHODS: Medical records of 183 unscheduled cancer new out-patients and 104 unscheduled follow-up (FU) patients were compared with random samples of 361 and 314 scheduled new patients and FU patients, respectively...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Raphael Vallat, Mickael Eskinazi, Alain Nicolas, Perrine Ruby
There is a lack of up-to-date data on sleep and dream habits of college students. To fill in this gap, we used an online questionnaire sent to the student mailing lists of two major universities of Lyon (Lyon 1 and Lyon 2) for the recruitment of an functional magnetic resonance imaging study with sleep disorders as exclusion criteria. In the sample (1,137 French college students, 411 males, mean age = 22.2 ± 2.4 years, body mass index = 22.0 ± 3.2 kg m-2 ), on average, the participants reported spending about 8 hr in bed during weekdays, 9 hr during the weekends, and 90...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
Nader Lessan, Ilham Saadane, Budour Alkaf, Catherine Hambly, Adam J Buckley, Nick Finer, John R Speakman, Maha T Barakat
Background: Fasting during the month of Ramadan entails abstinence from eating and drinking between dawn and sunset and a major shift in meal times and patterns with associated changes in several hormones and circadian rhythms; whether there are accompanying changes in energy metabolism is unclear. Objective: We have investigated the impact of Ramadan fasting on resting metabolic rate (RMR), activity, and total energy expenditure (TEE). Design: Healthy nonobese volunteers (n = 29; 16 women) fasting during Ramadan were recruited...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jung-Tung Liu, Chen-Hsing Su, Se-Yi Chen, Sang-Jek Liew, Cheng-Siu Chang
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective case-controlled study intended to identify the benefits and efficacy of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) as a therapeutic strategy for patients with perfusion problems caused by critical limb ischemia (CLI). The outcomes of patients who received SCS were compared with those of patients who did not receive SCS. METHODS: This study recruited 78 patients who were diagnosed with perfusion problems over the period of 2003-2011. Lower-limb Thallium-201 (201 Tl) scintigraphy revealed that the patients exhibited a perfusion difference of <0...
January 26, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
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