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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#1
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075423/effects-of-device-guided-slow-breathing-training-on-exercise-capacity-cardiac-function-and-respiratory-patterns-during-sleep-in-male-and-female-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#2
Kalina Kawecka-Jaszcz, Grzegorz Bilo, Tomasz Drożdż, Dorota Dębicka-Dąbrowska, Grzegorz Kiełbasa, Gabriella Malfatto, Katarzyna Styczkiewicz, Carolina Lombardi, Agnieszka Bednarek, Sabrina Salerno, Danuta Czarnecka, Gianfranco Parati
INTRODUCTION    Slow breathing training (SBT) has been proposed as new non-pharmacological treatment in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients.  OBJECTIVES    The aim of this study was to assess the effects of SBT on exercise capacity, haemodynamic parameters and sleep respiratory patterns in a relatively large sample of CHF patients. PATIENTS ABD METHODS    A cross-over open study was conducted. The patients completed, in random order, 10-12 week periods of SBT with the RESPeRATE device (InterCure Ltd...
January 10, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061004/objective-physical-and-mental-markers-of-self-reported-fatigue-in-women-undergoing-neo-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-early-stage-breast-cancer
#3
Joanne E Mortimer, Sarah Waliany, Christina M Dieli-Conwright, Sunita K Patel, Arti Hurria, Joseph Chao, Brian Tiep, Carolyn E Behrendt
BACKGROUND: Objective, treatment-independent markers of cancer-related fatigue are needed to advance clinical trials. In the current study, the authors evaluated physical, neurocognitive, and serologic markers for correlation with self-reported fatigue before and after (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with early-stage breast cancer. METHODS: Women with AJCC TNM Stage I-III breast cancer consented to assessment before and after the completion of 4 cycles of dose-dense doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide...
January 6, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060916/nocturia-is-associated-with-slipping-and-falling
#4
So Young Kim, Woojin Bang, Min-Su Kim, Bumjung Park, Jin-Hwan Kim, Hyo Geun Choi
Several reports have demonstrated associations between falls and nocturia in the elderly. However, little information is available regarding other age groups. This study evaluated the relationship between the frequency of nocturia and falls in men using a large, population-based survey in Korea, and the results were adjusted for various confounding factors. Data from a 2011 Korean community health survey (KCHS) were retrieved for 92,660 men aged 19 to 103 years. Information regarding the history of slips or falls in the past year was collected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057621/interaction-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-cognitive-impairment-with-slow-gait-speed-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#5
Sunghee Lee, Chol Shin
OBJECTIVE: to investigate whether slow gait speed is associated with cognitive impairment and further whether the association is modified by obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). METHODS: in total, 2,222 adults aged 49-80 years, free from dementia, stroke and head injury were asked to walk a 4-m course at fast and usual gait speeds. The time taken to walk was measured. All participants completed the Korean Mini-Mental State Examination, which was validated in the Korean language, to assess cognitive function...
January 4, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057424/sundown-syndrome-sleep-quality-and-walking-among-community-dwelling-people-with-alzheimer-disease
#6
Yen-Hua Shih, Ming-Chyi Pai, Ying-Che Huang, Jing-Jy Wang
PURPOSES: Sundown syndrome and sleep disturbances cause people with Alzheimer disease (PAD) and caregivers suffering. Studies have indicated that physical exercise could have a positive impact on sundown syndrome, yet no research has ever explored the relationship between walking and sundown syndrome. The aims of this study were to examine the relationship between sundown syndrome and sleep quality, and determine whether the severity of dementia, sleep quality, and weekly duration of walking influenced sundown syndrome, and to assess differences in sundown syndrome and sleep quality in relation to the accompanying walker and weekly duration of walking among people with Alzheimer disease living in the community...
January 2, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018645/a-random-walk-description-of-individual-animal-movement-accounting-for-periods-of-rest
#7
Paulo F C Tilles, Sergei V Petrovskii, Paulo L Natti
Animals do not move all the time but alternate the period of actual movement (foraging) with periods of rest (e.g. eating or sleeping). Although the existence of rest times is widely acknowledged in the literature and has even become a focus of increased attention recently, the theoretical approaches to describe animal movement by calculating the dispersal kernel and/or the mean squared displacement (MSD) rarely take rests into account. In this study, we aim to bridge this gap. We consider a composite stochastic process where the periods of active dispersal or 'bouts' (described by a certain baseline probability density function (pdf) of animal dispersal) alternate with periods of immobility...
November 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006966/social-jetlag-among-night-workers-is-negatively-associated-with-the-frequency-of-moderate-or-vigorous-physical-activity-and-with-energy-expenditure-related-to-physical-activity
#8
Mariana Silva Alves, Raphael Zardini Andrade, Graciele Cristina Silva, Maria Carliana Mota, Sabrina Gonçalves Resende, Kely Raspante Teixeira, Bruna Fernandes Gonçalves, Cibele Aparecida Crispim
This cross-sectional study analyzed the association between physical activity (PA) and social jetlag (SJL) among shift workers. We evaluated 423 employees, aged between 18 and 60 years, who worked in a poultry-processing company in Brazil. Physical activity levels (PAL) were determined by the short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-SF). SJL was calculated as the absolute difference between the time of mid-sleep on work and free days. The percentage of workers insufficiently active was high on all shifts, with no significant differences between the 3 shifts...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995604/exercise-therapy-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Lillebeth Larun, Kjetil G Brurberg, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Jonathan R Price
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent, medically unexplained fatigue, as well as symptoms such as musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbance, headaches and impaired concentration and short-term memory. CFS presents as a common, debilitating and serious health problem. Treatment may include physical interventions, such as exercise therapy, which was last reviewed in 2004. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to determine the effects of exercise therapy (ET) for patients with CFS as compared with any other intervention or control...
December 20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991662/balance-and-mobility-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-effect-of-daytime-sleepiness
#10
Shachi Tyagi, Subashan Perera, Jennifer S Brach
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of self-reported daytime sleepiness on performance-based balance measures and self-reported balance confidence in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional secondary analysis of an observational cohort study designed to develop and refine measures of balance and mobility in community-dwelling older adults. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults (aged 78.2 ± 5...
December 19, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973671/feasibility-of-obtaining-measures-of-lifestyle-from-a-smartphone-app-the-myheart-counts-cardiovascular-health-study
#11
Michael V McConnell, Anna Shcherbina, Aleksandra Pavlovic, Julian R Homburger, Rachel L Goldfeder, Daryl Waggot, Mildred K Cho, Mary E Rosenberger, William L Haskell, Jonathan Myers, Mary Ann Champagne, Emmanuel Mignot, Martin Landray, Lionel Tarassenko, Robert A Harrington, Alan C Yeung, Euan A Ashley
Importance: Studies have established the importance of physical activity and fitness, yet limited data exist on the associations between objective, real-world physical activity patterns, fitness, sleep, and cardiovascular health. Objectives: To assess the feasibility of obtaining measures of physical activity, fitness, and sleep from smartphones and to gain insights into activity patterns associated with life satisfaction and self-reported disease. Design, Setting, and Participants: The MyHeart Counts smartphone app was made available in March 2015, and prospective participants downloaded the free app between March and October 2015...
December 14, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969011/comparing-the-effects-of-music-and-exercise-with-music-for-older-adults-with-insomnia
#12
Chiung-Yu Huang, En-Ting Chang, Hui-Ling Lai
AIM: To examine the effects of a soothing music intervention before bedtime and a treadmill brisk walking exercise combined with music in the evening on sleep quality of sedentary older adults with chronic insomnia. BACKGROUND: There is evidence to support the use of complementary interventions to improve sleep. They are rarely applied in Taiwanese elderly population. METHODS: Using a crossover controlled trial, 38 participants aged 50 to 75 years were randomly assigned to a music intervention/brisk walking sequence or a brisk walking/music intervention sequence...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942799/interrupting-prolonged-sitting-in-type-2-diabetes-nocturnal-persistence-of-improved-glycaemic-control
#13
Paddy C Dempsey, Jennifer M Blankenship, Robyn N Larsen, Julian W Sacre, Parneet Sethi, Nora E Straznicky, Neale D Cohen, Ester Cerin, Gavin W Lambert, Neville Owen, Bronwyn A Kingwell, David W Dunstan
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to examine the effect of interrupting 7 h prolonged sitting with brief bouts of walking or resistance activities on 22 h glucose homeostasis (including nocturnal-to-following morning hyperglycaemia) in adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This study is an extension of a previously published randomised crossover trial, which included 24 inactive overweight/obese adults with type 2 diabetes (14 men; 62 ± 6 years) who completed three 7 h laboratory conditions, separated by 6-14 day washout periods: SIT: (1) prolonged sitting (control); (2) light-intensity walking (LW): sitting plus 3 min bouts of light-intensity walking at 3...
December 9, 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939642/exercise-interventions-to-improve-sleep-in-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Joanie Mercier, Josée Savard, Paquito Bernard
Exercise leads to several positive outcomes in oncology. However, the question as to whether exercise is a valuable option for improving patients' sleep, which is frequently disturbed in cancer patients, remains unanswered. The aims of this study were to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and non-randomized clinical trials that have investigated the effect of exercise on sleep outcomes, assessed subjectively and objectively. Relevant studies, published before May 2016, were traced through a systematic search of PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, SportDiscus and Cochrane library databases...
November 10, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926630/the-analgesic-effect-of-ropivacaine-combined-with-dexmedetomidine-for-incision-infiltration-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#15
Jun-Ma Yu, Hao Sun, Chao Wu, Chun-Shan Dong, Yao Lu, Ye Zhang
BACKGROUND: Local anesthetics infiltration is one consensus efficient strategy for pain relief after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). The aim of this study was to investigate analgesia efficacy of incisional infiltration with ropivacaine plus dexmedetomidine. METHODS: Patients scheduled for LC were assigned to 4 groups by different medications for trocar wound infiltration. The incidence of adverse events and the analgesic effect of ropivacaine combined with dexmedetomidine for incision infiltration were recorded...
December 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925430/pulmonary-hypertension-as-estimated-by-doppler-echocardiography-in-adolescent-and-adult-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-their-relationship-with-clinical-lung-function-and-sleep-findings
#16
Bruna Ziegler, Christiano Perin, Fernanda Cano Casarotto, Simone Chaves Fagondes, Sérgio Saldanha Menna-Barreto, Paulo de Tarso Roth Dalcin
BACKGROUND: In cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, end stage of pulmonary disease is characterized by pulmonary hypertension (PH), hypoxemia, decrease in exercise tolerance, and sleep quality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between clinical, lung function, sleep quality, and polysomnographic variables with PH in CF patients aged 16 years or older. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 51 clinically stable CF patients underwent a clinical evaluation, an overnight polysomnography and answered sleep questionnaires (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Epworth sleepiness scale)...
December 7, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846789/impact-of-breakthrough-pain-on-community-dwelling-cancer-patients-results-from-the-national-breakthrough-pain-study
#17
Nathaniel P Katz, Kavita L Gajria, Alicia C Shillington, Judith J Stephenson, Qing Harshaw
OBJECTIVE: To characterize cancer-related breakthrough pain (BTcP) among community-dwelling patients with cancer. METHODS: Data from the National Breakthrough Pain Study, a cross-sectional observational survey describing breakthrough pain (BTP) in the community, were analyzed for a subset of patients with BTcP. Eligible patients were community-dwelling adults with commercial insurance and insurance claims consistent with cancer and chronic pain who consented to a structured telephone interview...
December 5, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824886/fatigue-in-type-2-diabetes-impact-on-quality-of-life-and-predictors
#18
Rupali Singh, Cynthia Teel, Carla Sabus, Patricia McGinnis, Patricia Kluding
Fatigue is a persistent symptom, impacting quality of life (QoL) and functional status in people with type 2 diabetes, yet the symptom of fatigue has not been fully explored. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between fatigue, QoL functional status and to investigate the predictors of fatigue. These possible predictors included body mass index (BMI), Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C), sleep quality, pain, number of complications from diabetes, years since diagnosis and depression. Forty-eight individuals with type 2 diabetes (22 females, 26 males; 59...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811855/effect-of-walking-on-circadian-rhythms-and-sleep-quality-of-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Hui-Mei Chen, Chun-Ming Tsai, Yu-Chung Wu, Kuan-Chia Lin, Chia-Chin Lin
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances and poor rest-activity rhythms, which can reduce the quality of life, are highly prevalent among patients with lung cancer. METHODS: This trial investigated the effects of a 12-week exercise intervention including home-based walking exercise training and weekly exercise counseling on 111 lung cancer patients. Participants were randomly allocated to receive the intervention or usual-care. Outcomes included objective sleep (total sleep time, TST; sleep efficiency, SE; sleep onset latency, SOL; and wake after sleep onset, WASO), subjective sleep (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, PSQI), and rest-activity rhythms (r24 and I<O)...
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809930/sleeping-habits-affect-access-to-host-by-chagas-disease-vector-triatoma-dimidiata
#20
Etienne Waleckx, Rafael Pasos-Alquicira, María Jesús Ramírez-Sierra, Eric Dumonteil
BACKGROUND: Chagas disease, caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, is mainly transmitted by blood-sucking bugs called triatomines. In the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico, the main vector of T. cruzi is Triatoma dimidiata. While this species may colonize houses in other regions, it is mostly intrusive in Yucatán: it generally lives in sylvan and peridomestic areas, and frequently enters inside homes, likely attracted by potential vertebrate hosts, without establishing colonies. Bugs collected inside homes have a low nutritional status, suggesting that they cannot efficiently feed inside these houses...
November 3, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
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