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perinatal psychiatric disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922092/self-reported-perinatal-depressive-symptoms-and-postnatal-symptom-severity-after-treatment-with-antidepressants-in-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study-across-12-european-countries-using-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale
#1
Angela Lupattelli, Michael J Twigg, Ksenia Zagorodnikova, Myla E Moretti, Mariola Drozd, Alice Panchaud, Andre Rieutord, Romana Gjergja Juraski, Marina Odalovic, Debra Kennedy, Gorazd Rudolf, Herbert Juch, Hedvig Nordeng
Purpose: This study aimed at exploring the prevalence of self-reported antenatal and postnatal depressive symptoms by severity across multiple countries and the association between antidepressant treatment in pregnancy and postnatal symptom severity. Materials and methods: This was a multinational web-based study conducted across 12 European countries (n=8069). Uniform data collection was ensured via an electronic questionnaire. Pregnant women at any gestational week and mothers of children with <1 year of age could participate...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858855/perinatal-hypoxia-as-a-risk-factor-for-psychopathology-later-in-life-the-role-of-dopamine-and-neurotrophins
#2
REVIEW
Ioanna Giannopoulou, Marianna A Pagida, Despina D Briana, Maria T Panayotacopoulou
Brain development is influenced by various prenatal, intrapartum, and postnatal events which may interact with genotype to affect the neural and psychophysiological systems related to emotions, specific cognitive functions (e.g., attention, memory), and language abilities and thereby heighten the risk for psychopathology later in life. Fetal hypoxia (intrapartum oxygen deprivation), hypoxia-related obstetric complications, and hypoxia during the early neonatal period are major environmental risk factors shown to be associated with an increased risk for later psychopathology...
March 2018: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804154/somatic-symptom-disorder-manifested-as-acute-abdominal-pain-during-pregnancy-preceding-perinatal-depression-a-case-report
#3
Yoshinori Moriyama, Kenji Imai, Tomoko Nakano, Tomomi Kotani, Fumitaka Kikkawa
Somatic symptom disorder (SSD) occurring as abdominal pain during pregnancy can be very difficult to distinguish from physical diseases; prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment are required. SSD can develop into perinatal depression, which may need intensive psychiatric intervention. Here, we present the first case report of SSD preceding perinatal depression. This case shows the clinical importance of SSD in obstetrics both as a cause of abdominal pain and as a precursor of depression.
May 26, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803894/impact-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-ssris-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-a-focus-on-short-and-long-term-vascular-effects
#4
REVIEW
S Zullino, T Simoncini
SSRIs are the first choice for the treatment of mood disorders during pregnancy and lactation. Despite the known side effects, the benefits/risks balance suggests their use. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are the main vascular effects of these drugs, with mechanisms that involves endothelial dysfunction in feto-placental system. These data are supported by animal models, even if preliminary findings are not yet adequately supported by molecular and clinical data...
May 24, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803818/perinatal-anxiety-approach-to-diagnosis-management-in-the-obstetric-setting
#5
REVIEW
Katie R Thorsness, Corey Watson, Elizabeth M Larusso
Anxiety is common in women during the perinatal period, manifests with various symptomatology and severity, and is associated with significant maternal morbidity and adverse obstetrical and neonatal outcomes. Given the intimate relationship and frequency of contact, the obstetric provider is optimally positioned to create a therapeutic alliance and manage perinatal anxiety. Time constraints, absence of randomized controlled trials, mixed quality of data, and concern for potential adverse reproductive outcomes all limit clinicians' ability to initiate informed risk-benefit discussions...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796968/recommendations-for-the-use-of-ect-in-pregnancy-literature-review-and-proposed-clinical-protocol
#6
Heather Burrell-Ward, John A Fromson, Joseph J Cooper, Gildasio De Oliveira, Marcela Almeida
Psychiatric disorders are common in pregnancy, affecting 15-29% of pregnant women. Untreated depression has negative health consequences for mother and fetus. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective option for the treatment of severe depression, high suicide risk, catatonia, medication-resistant illness, psychotic agitation, severe physical decline, and other life-threatening conditions. To our knowledge, however, there is no literature that consolidates all the evidence on maternal and fetal risks associated with untreated depression, medications, and ECT then translating it into one cohesive protocol that could serve as a management guide and a source of reassurance to health-care providers involved in such practice...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773754/a-critical-neurodevelopmental-role-for-l-type-voltage-gated-calcium-channels-in-neurite-extension-and-radial-migration
#7
Satoshi Kamijo, Yuichiro Ishii, Shin-Ichiro Horigane, Kanzo Suzuki, Masamichi Ohkura, Junichi Nakai, Hajime Fujii, Sayaka Takemoto-Kimura, Haruhiko Bito
In spite of many association studies linking gene polymorphisms and mutations of L-type Voltage-Gated Ca2+ Channels (VGCC) in neurodevelopmental disorders, such as autism and schizophrenia, specific L-type VGCC roles during brain development remain unclear. Yet, calcium signaling has been shown to be essential for neurodevelopmental processes such as sculpting of neurites, functional wiring and fine tuning of growing networks. To bridge this gap, we performed submembraneous calcium imaging using a membrane-tethered genetically-encoded calcium indicator (GECI) Lck-G-CaMP7...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760952/downregulation-of-the-psychiatric-susceptibility-gene-cacna1c-promotes-mitochondrial-resilience-to-oxidative-stress-in-neuronal-cells
#8
Susanne Michels, Goutham K Ganjam, Helena Martins, Gerhard M Schratt, Markus Wöhr, Rainer K W Schwarting, Carsten Culmsee
Affective disorders such as major depression and bipolar disorder are among the most prevalent forms of mental illness and their etiologies involve complex interactions between genetic and environmental risk factors. Over the past ten years, several genome wide association studies (GWAS) have identified CACNA1C as one of the strongest genetic risk factors for the development of affective disorders. However, its role in disease pathogenesis is still largely unknown. Vulnerability to affective disorders also involves diverse environmental risk factors such as perinatal insults, childhood maltreatment, and other adverse pathophysiological or psychosocial life events...
2018: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730877/evaluation-of-the-decision-making-capacity-of-two-cases-planning-to-undergo-uterine-evacuation
#9
Ali Ercan Altınöz, Altan Eşsizoğlu, Mustafa Sercan, Didem Yiğit, Sinan Yıldız
Psychiatric disorders in the perinatal period can lead to a deterioration in one's judgment and decision-making ability. These disorders may cause sensitive and complex legal and ethical issues relating to psychiatric, obstetric, and neonatal care. Clinicians should ethically respect the autonomy of the individual, but at the same time, they must assess the individual's decision-making process with the use of forensic psychiatric and consultation-liaison psychiatric practice. While the literature related to mental disorders in pregnancy has been increasing, there is limited information regarding the medico-legal and ethical aspects of this topic...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729554/the-burden-of-personality-disorders-on-the-dsm-5-addiction-to-tobacco-during-pregnancy
#10
Ester di Giacomo, Fabrizia Colmegna, Francesca Pescatore, Flora Aspesi, Maria Fotiadou, Massimo Clerici
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a major health concern. Many women smoke during their reproductive years, some of them during their pregnancy. Adverse outcomes for the newborns physical health are well recognized, while the influence on their mental health is still under investigation. We aim at demonstrating the contribution of maternal personality disorders in maintaining addiction to tobacco during pregnancy, to underline their role and the need of their detection as a preventive effort...
April 25, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706359/considerations-in-treating-insomnia-during-pregnancy-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Simriti K Chaudhry, Leah C Susser
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pregnancy-associated insomnia is high. Although insomnia may flow from normal physiologic features of pregnancy, it may also be an early warning sign of a relapse, or a trigger for a relapse, of a psychiatric illness. Those at risk for psychiatric illnesses may require medications as well as behavioral and psychotherapeutic interventions, to prevent relapse in the perinatal period. Unfortunately, few reviews of psychotropics used to treat pregnancy-related sleep disorders exist...
March 21, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686616/estradiol-activates-pi3k-akt-gsk3-pathway-under-chronic-neurodegenerative-conditions-triggered-by-perinatal-asphyxia
#12
G Ezequiel Saraceno, Maria J Bellini, Luis M Garcia-Segura, Francisco Capani
Perinatal asphyxia (PA) remains as one of the most important causes of short-term mortality, psychiatric and neurological disorders in children, without an effective treatment. In previous studies we have observed that the expression of different neurodegenerative markers increases in CA1 hippocampal area of 4-months-old male rats born by cesarean section and exposed for 19 min to PA. We have also shown that a late treatment with 17β estradiol (daily dose of 250 μg/kg for 3 days) was able to revert the brain alterations observed in those animals...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679899/postpartum-posttraumatic-and-acute-stress-in-mothers-and-fathers-of-infants-with-very-low-birth-weight-cross-sectional-results-from-a-controlled-multicenter-cohort-study
#13
Nadine Helle, Claus Barkmann, Stephan Ehrhardt, Carola Bindt
BACKGROUND: The birth of a preterm infant can be stressful and traumatic for parents and may cause posttraumatic stress symptoms and disorders. There is a dearth of data from controlled studies regarding level, prevalence, risk, and predictors of these symptoms in parents after preterm birth. METHODS: As part of the longitudinal HaFEn-study, data from parents of infants with very low birth weight (VLBW), and term infants were cross-sectionally analyzed. We recruited parents at the three largest perinatal care centers in Hamburg, Germany...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538358/prenatal-exposure-to-maternal-depression-and-anxiety-on-imprinted-gene-expression-in-placenta-and-infant-neurodevelopment-and-growth
#14
Julia F Litzky, Maya A Deyssenroth, Todd M Everson, Barry M Lester, Luca Lambertini, Jia Chen, Carmen J Marsit
BackgroundDepression and/or anxiety during pregnancy have been associated with impaired fetal growth and neurodevelopment. Because placental imprinted genes play a central role in fetal development and respond to environmental stressors, we hypothesized that imprinted gene expression would be affected by prenatal depression and anxiety.MethodsPlacental gene expression was compared between mothers with prenatal depression and/or anxiety/obsessive compulsive disorder/panic and control mothers without psychiatric history (n=458) in the Rhode Island Child Health Study...
May 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527187/emerging-viral-infections-in-sub-saharan-africa-and-the-developing-nervous-system-a-mini-review
#15
REVIEW
Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Abdul H Mohammed, Krister Kristensson, Sharon L Juliano, Julius J Lutwama
The global public health concern is heightened over the increasing number of emerging viruses, i.e., newly discovered or previously known that have expanded into new geographical zones. These viruses challenge the health-care systems in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries from which several of them have originated and been transmitted by insects worldwide. Some of these viruses are neuroinvasive, but have been relatively neglected by neuroscientists. They may provide experiments by nature to give a time window for exposure to a new virus within sizeable, previously non-infected human populations, which, for instance, enables studies on potential long-term or late-onset effects on the developing nervous system...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526603/association-between-psychiatric-disorders-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-in-perinatally-hiv-exposed-youth
#16
Stephanie Benson, Katherine S Elkington, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Amelia Bucek, Curtis Dolezal, Patricia Warne, Claude Mellins
As youth with perinatally acquired HIV infection age, there is a need for studies that identify predictors and correlates of sexual risk behaviors. We examined the association between psychiatric disorders and substance use disorders (SUD) with sexual risk behaviors in youth with perinatally acquired HIV infection and perinatally HIV-exposed but uninfected youth. Participants were recruited from four medical centers in New York City. The Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children and the Adolescent Sexual Behavior Assessment were administered to assess psychiatric disorders and sexual behaviors, respectively...
February 17, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506399/guidelines-on-treatment-of-perinatal-depression-with-antidepressants-an-international-review
#17
Nina M Molenaar, Astrid M Kamperman, Philip Boyce, Veerle Bergink
OBJECTIVE: Several countries have developed Clinical Practice Guidelines regarding treatment of perinatal depressive symptoms and perinatal use of antidepressant. We aimed to compare guidelines to guide clinicians in best clinical practice. METHODS: An extensive search in guideline databases, MEDLINE and PsycINFO was performed. When no guidelines were (publicly) available online, we contacted psychiatric-, obstetric-, perinatal- and mood disorder societies of all first world countries and the five largest second world countries...
April 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471389/the-effect-of-paternal-factors-on-perinatal-and-paediatric-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Nan B Oldereid, Ulla-Britt Wennerholm, Anja Pinborg, Anne Loft, Hannele Laivuori, Max Petzold, Liv Bente Romundstad, Viveca Söderström-Anttila, Christina Bergh
BACKGROUND: Maternal factors, including increasing childbearing age and various life-style factors, are associated with poorer short- and long-term outcomes for children, whereas knowledge of paternal parameters is limited. Recently, increasing paternal age has been associated with adverse obstetric outcomes, birth defects, autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia in children. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: The aim of this systematic review is to describe the influence of paternal factors on adverse short- and long-term child outcomes...
May 1, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353177/psychiatric-disorders-and-compliance-with-prenatal-care-a-10-year-retrospective-cohort-compared-to-controls
#19
Joseph Ben-Sheetrit, Liat Huller-Harari, Michal Rasner, Nehemia Magen, Nitsa Nacasch, Paz Toren
BACKGROUND: Inadequate prenatal care has been associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. We sought to compare compliance with prenatal care visits (PCV), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and serum alfa-fetoprotein (aFP) in women with psychiatric disorders (PD) and healthy controls. METHODS: Subjects were 5395 women (1043 PD and 4352 controls), members of Clalit Health Services (Tel-Aviv district, Israel), who gave birth during 2004-2014. We used Generalized Estimating Equations with binary-logistic models, considering consecutive pregnancies as repeated measures with unbalanced design...
March 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352556/what-causes-psychosis-an-umbrella-review-of-risk-and-protective-factors
#20
Joaquim Radua, Valentina Ramella-Cravaro, John P A Ioannidis, Abraham Reichenberg, Nacharin Phiphopthatsanee, Taha Amir, Hyi Yenn Thoo, Dominic Oliver, Cathy Davies, Craig Morgan, Philip McGuire, Robin M Murray, Paolo Fusar-Poli
Psychosis is a heterogeneous psychiatric condition for which a multitude of risk and protective factors have been suggested. This umbrella review aimed to classify the strength of evidence for the associations between each factor and psychotic disorders whilst controlling for several biases. The Web of Knowledge database was searched to identify systematic reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies which examined associations between socio-demographic, parental, perinatal, later factors or antecedents and psychotic disorders, and which included a comparison group of healthy controls, published from 1965 to January 31, 2017...
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
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