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perinatal psychiatric disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727140/respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-in-the-fourth-decade-of-life-depends-on-birth-weight-and-the-drd4-gene-implications-for-understanding-the-development-of-emotion-regulation
#1
Calan Savoy, Karen J Mathewson, Louis A Schmidt, Katherine M Morrison, John E Krzeczkowski, Ryan J Van Lieshout
INTRODUCTION: The long allele of the DRD4 gene can confer different behavioral and emotional phenotypes depending upon environmental exposure, although the physiological changes underlying these phenotypes are not fully known. We sought to extend this work by assessing the interaction of the DRD4 gene and exposure to perinatal adversity (indexed by extremely low birth weight [ELBW]) on resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), a neurophysiological measure of emotion regulation, in adulthood...
July 20, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707502/appraisal-of-the-psychiatric-diagnostic-screening-questionnaire-in-a-perinatal-cohort-the-apron-study
#2
Brenda Leung, Nicole Letourneau, Katherine Bright, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Henry Ntanda, Lisa Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are routinely screened as part of perinatal care. However, other Axis 1 disorders and specific anxiety disorders are less likely to be screened or assessed as part of obstetric care. The objective of this study was to determine whether the Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire (PDSQ) is a potentially useful tool to screen for psychiatric conditions in pregnant and postpartum women in a community setting. METHODS: We compared the prevalence of DSM Axis I disorders obtained on the PDSQ with: (1) the prevalence of these disorders reported in previous studies of pregnant and postpartum women, and (2) scores obtained on the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90R) anxiety scale...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699029/access-to-pharmacotherapy-amongst-women-with-bipolar-disorder-during-pregnancy-a-preliminary-study
#3
Nancy Byatt, Lucille Cox, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Kathleen Biebel, Padma Sankaran, Holly A Swartz, Linda Weinreb
Bipolar disorder among pregnant women has deleterious effects on birth and child outcomes and is currently under-detected, not addressed effectively, or exacerbated through inappropriate treatment. The goal of this study was to identify perspectives of pregnant and postpartum women with bipolar disorder on barriers and facilitators to psychiatric treatment during pregnancy. In-depth interviews were conducted with pregnant and postpartum women who scored ≥ 10 on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and met DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder I, II or not otherwise specified using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview version 5...
July 11, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693401/formulating-autism-systemically-part-1-a-review-of-the-published-literature-and-case-assessments
#4
Patricia M Crittenden
Autism is a psychiatric disorder of unknown aetiology. In this article, the literature on genetic, neurological, psychological, relational and cultural causes of autism is reviewed, beginning with the 2014 review of Crittenden, Dallos, Landini et al. (pp. 64-70) up to and including recent publications in 2017. Some of the findings were unexpected; others led to new questions. The unexpected findings were the minimal contribution of genes to autism, the extremely evident neurological differences, the interpersonal quality of the psychological findings (that lacked evidence of parents' behaviour), the relational evidence that mothers' childhood trauma, perinatal stress and marital stress increased the risk of autism, and the reciprocal relation between funding for treatment of autism and diagnoses of autism...
July 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682528/s-adenosylmethionine-same-for-neuropsychiatric-disorders-a-clinician-oriented-review-of-research
#5
REVIEW
Anup Sharma, Patricia Gerbarg, Teodoro Bottiglieri, Lila Massoumi, Linda L Carpenter, Helen Lavretsky, Philip R Muskin, Richard P Brown, David Mischoulon
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review on S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) for treatment of neuropsychiatric conditions and comorbid medical conditions. DATA SOURCES: Searches were conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and Google Scholar databases between July 15, 2015, and September 28, 2016, by combining search terms for SAMe (s-adenosyl methionine or s-adenosyl-l-methionine) with terms for relevant disease states (major depressive disorder, MDD, depression, perinatal depression, human immunodeficiency virus, HIV, Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, dementia, anxiety, schizophrenia, psychotic, 22q11...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672292/association-between-pregnancy-and-perinatal-outcomes-among-women-with-epilepsy
#6
Neda Razaz, Torbjörn Tomson, Anna-Karin Wikström, Sven Cnattingius
Importance: To date, few attempts have been made to examine associations between exposure to maternal epilepsy with or without antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy and pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. Objectives: To investigate associations between epilepsy in pregnancy and risks of pregnancy and perinatal outcomes as well as whether use of AEDs influenced risks. Design, Setting, and Participants: A population-based cohort study was conducted on all singleton births at 22 or more completed gestational weeks in Sweden from 1997 through 2011; of these, 1 424 279 were included in the sample...
July 3, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667832/effect-of-previous-posttraumatic-stress-in-the-perinatal-period
#7
Pamela A Geller, Emily C Stasko
OBJECTIVE: To review the extant literature on the effect of traumatic experiences that pre-date conception, pregnancy, and the postpartum period (perinatal period) and present a thematic overview of current issues in this relatively new area of inquiry. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases CINAHL, PsychINFO, and PubMed were searched. Manual searches of bibliographies supplemented the electronic search. STUDY SELECTION: Peer-reviewed articles written in English on the role of posttraumatic stress disorder during the perinatal period were included...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665044/mood-symptoms-in-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-with-bipolar-disorder-a-naturalistic-study
#8
Kara E Driscoll, Dorothy K Y Sit, Eydie L Moses-Kolko, Emily Pinheiro, Amy Yang, Jody D Ciolino, Heather F Eng, James F Luther, Crystal T Clark, Stephen R Wisniewski, Katherine L Wisner
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a prospective naturalistic study of pregnant women with bipolar disorder (BD) to evaluate symptoms of BD across childbearing and assess whether pharmacotherapy reduced their severity. METHODS: Assessments were scheduled at 20, 30, and 36 weeks' gestation and 2, 12, 26, and 52 weeks postpartum. Symptoms were assessed using the Structured Interview Guide for the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale-Atypical Depression Supplement (SIGH-ADS) and Mania Rating Scale (MRS)...
June 30, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600645/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-perinatal-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-development-of-an-inpatient-group-intervention
#9
REVIEW
Alexa Bonacquisti, Matthew J Cohen, Crystal Edler Schiller
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for childbearing women. Current treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy, have demonstrated modest success in addressing perinatal psychiatric symptoms; however, additional treatment options are needed to address the limitations of current approaches, particularly for women experiencing moderate to severe perinatal mental illness during pregnancy or postpartum. We discuss the use of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) as a promising treatment approach that may be uniquely suited for perinatal women due to its emphasis of values, mindfulness, and acceptance; these psychological constructs notably address the significant psychiatric and behavioral health condition comorbidity, somatic symptoms, and stigma associated with perinatal mood and anxiety disorders...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583743/-suicidality-during-perinatal-period
#10
Virginie Guillard, Florence Gressier
Suicide is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality. Mental disorders, especially mood disorders, have been identified in most perinatal suicide cases. Maternal suicidality has a negative impact on the mother-baby relationship and child development. Systematic screening for psychiatric conditions in the perinatal period is a priority. For women suffering from an acute psychiatric disorder, or a history of mental illness, multidisciplinary management should be implemented.
June 2, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577600/early-childhood-mental-health-starting-early-with-the-pregnant-mother
#11
REVIEW
Shannon N Lenze
Perinatal mental health has important implications for maternal and child outcomes. Most women with psychiatric disorders during pregnancy go undiagnosed and untreated, despite widespread initiatives for early identification. Universal screening for psychiatric disorders, particularly depression and anxiety, has been implemented in obstetric and primary care settings. However, there is little evidence regarding the effectiveness on psychiatric symptom reduction or prevention of adverse outcomes in children...
July 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577352/increased-postpartum-haemorrhage-the-possible-relation-with-serotonergic-and-other-psychopharmacological-drugs-a-matched-cohort-study
#12
Hanna M Heller, Anita C J Ravelli, Andrea H L Bruning, Christianne J M de Groot, Fedde Scheele, Maria G van Pampus, Adriaan Honig
BACKGROUND: Postpartum haemorrhage is a major obstetric risk worldwide. Therefore risk factors need to be investigated to control for this serious complication. A recent systematic review and meta-analysis revealed that the use of both serotonergic and non-serotonergic antidepressants in pregnancy are associated with a higher risk of postpartum haemorrhage. However, use of antidepressants in pregnancy is often necessary because untreated depression in pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcome, such as postpartum depression, preterm birth and dysmaturity...
June 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466069/early-social-isolation-stress-and-perinatal-nmda-receptor-antagonist-treatment-induce-changes-in-the-structure-and-neurochemistry-of-inhibitory-neurons-of-the-adult-amygdala-and-prefrontal-cortex
#13
Esther Castillo-Gómez, Marta Pérez-Rando, María Bellés, Javier Gilabert-Juan, José Vicente Llorens, Héctor Carceller, Clara Bueno-Fernández, Clara García-Mompó, Beatriz Ripoll-Martínez, Yasmina Curto, Noelia Sebastiá-Ortega, María Dolores Moltó, Julio Sanjuan, Juan Nacher
The exposure to aversive experiences during early life influences brain development and leads to altered behavior. Moreover, the combination of these experiences with subtle alterations in neurodevelopment may contribute to the emergence of psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia. Recent hypotheses suggest that imbalances between excitatory and inhibitory (E/I) neurotransmission, especially in the prefrontal cortex and the amygdala, may underlie their etiopathology. In order to understand better the neurobiological bases of these alterations, we studied the impact of altered neurodevelopment and chronic early-life stress on these two brain regions...
March 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456376/-consultation-liaison-during-the-peripartum-network-care-between-liaison-and-mobile-unit
#14
V Garez, E Devouche, A Bobin-Bègue, M Alecian, P Minjollet, A Vallerent, M Poget, H Oguibenine, C Héroux, F Medjkane, G Apter
OBJECTIVES: The pregnancy periods of peripartum and immediate postpartum represent moments of opportunity to access care. Both prevention and therapeutic management can be offered with a better chance of success during these periods. Our specific Consultation Liaison (CL) team PPUMMA was created in order to respond to the need for early detection of psychopathology and rapid implementation of therapeutic management and preventive measure for mother and child. The importance of urgently intervening "on site" seemed a necessity since duration of hospitalization in maternity wards is very short...
April 26, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403471/do-psychiatric-disorders-or-measures-of-distress-moderate-response-to-postpartum-relapse-prevention-interventions
#15
Rachel P Kolko, Rebecca L Emery, Yu Cheng, Michele D Levine
Introduction: Most women who quit smoking during pregnancy will relapse postpartum. Interventions for sustained postpartum abstinence can benefit from understanding prenatal characteristics associated with treatment response. Given that individuals with psychiatric disorders or elevated depressive symptoms have difficulty quitting smoking and that increases in depressive symptoms prenatally are common, we examined the relevance of psychiatric diagnoses, prenatal depressive symptoms, and stress to postpartum relapse prevention intervention response...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347949/perinatal-and-postnatal-risk-factors-for-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-at-age-11-2004-pelotas-birth-cohort-study
#16
Tiago N Munhoz, Iná S Santos, Aluísio J D Barros, Luciana Anselmi, Fernando C Barros, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: To date, there have been few studies of DMDD examining the risk factors during gestation and during the first years of life. We assessed the perinatal and postnatal risk factors associated with the occurrence of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) by 11 years of age. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal study. Mothers completed a standardized questionnaire shortly after childbirth. We used the Development and Well-Being Assessment, administered to the mothers or legal guardians, to identify DMDD among the 11-year-old subjects...
June 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314228/untreated-perinatal-paternal-depression-effects-on-offspring
#17
REVIEW
Salvatore Gentile, Maria Luigia Fusco
Transition to parenthood represents an important life event which increases vulnerability to psychological disorders. Aim of this article is to analyze all studies which investigated the effects of untreated perinatal paternal depression in offspring. We searched pertinent, peer-reviewed articles published in English (January 1980 to April 2016) on MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Science.gov. Twenty-three studies met the inclusion criteria. Most of the reviewed studies suffer from methodological limitations, including the small sample, the lack of a structured psychiatric diagnosis, and inclusion bias...
June 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298276/early-life-nutritional-programming-of-cognition-the-fundamental-role-of-epigenetic-mechanisms-in-mediating-the-relation-between-early-life-environment-and-learning-and-memory-process
#18
REVIEW
Laura Moody, Hong Chen, Yuan-Xiang Pan
The perinatal period is a window of heightened plasticity that lays the groundwork for future anatomic, physiologic, and behavioral outcomes. During this time, maternal diet plays a pivotal role in the maturation of vital organs and the establishment of neuronal connections. However, when perinatal nutrition is either lacking in specific micro- and macronutrients or overloaded with excess calories, the consequences can be devastating and long lasting. The brain is particularly sensitive to perinatal insults, with several neurologic and psychiatric disorders having been linked to a poor in utero environment...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295746/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-perinatal-period-a-concept-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Julie Vignato, Jane M Georges, Ruth A Bush, Cynthia D Connelly
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To report an analysis of the concept of perinatal post-traumatic stress disorder. BACKGROUND: Prevalence of perinatal post-traumatic stress disorder is rising in the USA, with 9% of the U.S. perinatal population diagnosed with the disorder and an additional 18% being at risk for the condition. Left untreated, adverse maternal-child outcomes result in increased morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. DESIGN: Concept analysis via Walker and Avant's approach...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242151/-viral-failure-in-infants-perinatally-infected-with-hiv-a-double-punishment
#20
N Trocmé, M-F Courcoux, M-D Tabone, F Hervé, E Bui, P Faucher, L Selleret, M-G Lebrette, G Leverger, C Dollfus
BACKGROUND: Considering the remarkable efficacy of the strategies for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection (PMTCT), failures are rare in high-resource countries and deserve further investigation. Moreover, infants have been found to be at increased risk of viral failure. We analyzed the factors related to the children's environment, including maternal psychological factors that may be associated with viral failure in children diagnosed before the age of 1 year. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of all HIV-infected infants, born in France between July 2003 and July 2013, diagnosed before the age of 1 year, cared for in a single reference center, comparing the group of children in viral success to the group of children presenting at least one episode of viral failure, using data available in their medical, psychological and social files...
February 24, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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