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perinatal psychiatric disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353177/psychiatric-disorders-and-compliance-with-prenatal-care-a-10-year-retrospective-cohort-compared-to-controls
#1
Joseph Ben-Sheetrit, Liat Huller-Harari, Michal Rasner, Nehemia Magen, Nitsa Nacasch, Paz Toren
BACKGROUND: Inadequate prenatal care has been associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. We sought to compare compliance with prenatal care visits (PCV), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and serum alfa-fetoprotein (aFP) in women with psychiatric disorders (PD) and healthy controls. METHODS: Subjects were 5395 women (1043 PD and 4352 controls), members of Clalit Health Services (Tel-Aviv district, Israel), who gave birth during 2004-2014. We used Generalized Estimating Equations with binary-logistic models, considering consecutive pregnancies as repeated measures with unbalanced design...
January 17, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352556/what-causes-psychosis-an-umbrella-review-of-risk-and-protective-factors
#2
Joaquim Radua, Valentina Ramella-Cravaro, John P A Ioannidis, Abraham Reichenberg, Nacharin Phiphopthatsanee, Taha Amir, Hyi Yenn Thoo, Dominic Oliver, Cathy Davies, Craig Morgan, Philip McGuire, Robin M Murray, Paolo Fusar-Poli
Psychosis is a heterogeneous psychiatric condition for which a multitude of risk and protective factors have been suggested. This umbrella review aimed to classify the strength of evidence for the associations between each factor and psychotic disorders whilst controlling for several biases. The Web of Knowledge database was searched to identify systematic reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies which examined associations between socio-demographic, parental, perinatal, later factors or antecedents and psychotic disorders, and which included a comparison group of healthy controls, published from 1965 to January 31, 2017...
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332178/association-of-autism-with-maternal-infections-perinatal-and-other-risk-factors-a-case-control-study
#3
Dikran Richard Guisso, Fadi S Saadeh, Dahlia Saab, Joud El Deek, Sarah Chamseddine, Hadi Abou El Hassan, Ghidaa Majari, Rose-Mary Boustany
This case-control study explores the association between pregnancy/birth complications and other factors with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Lebanese subjects aged 2-18 years. Researchers interviewed 136 ASD cases from the American University of Beirut Medical Center Special Kids Clinic, and 178 controls selected by systematic digit dialing in the Greater-Beirut area. Male gender (Adjusted Odds Ratio [95% CI]: 3.9 [2.2-7.0]); postpartum feeding difficulties (2.5 [1.2-5.4]); maternal infections/complications during pregnancy (2...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317599/dna-methylome-variation-in-a-perinatal-nurse-visitation-program-that-reduces-child-maltreatment-a-27-year-follow-up
#4
Kieran J O'Donnell, Li Chen, Julia L MacIsaac, Lisa M McEwen, Thao Nguyen, Katherine Beckmann, Yuecai Zhu, Lawrence Ming Chen, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, David Goldman, Elena L Grigorenko, James F Leckman, Josie Diorio, Neerja Karnani, David L Olds, Joanna D Holbrook, Michael S Kobor, Michael J Meaney
This study reveals the influence of child maltreatment on DNA methylation across the genome and provides the first evidence that a psychosocial intervention program, the Nurse Family Partnership (NFP), which targets mothers at risk for abusive parenting, associates with variation in the DNA methylome in adult offspring. The 188 participants were born to women randomly assigned to control (n = 99) or nurse-visited intervention groups (n = 89) and provided blood samples and a diagnostic interview at age 27 years...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315560/transdiagnostic-pathways-from-early-social-stress-to-psychopathology-a-20-year-prospective-study
#5
Christopher C Conway, Elizabeth B Raposa, Constance Hammen, Patricia A Brennan
BACKGROUND: Adverse family environments confer susceptibility to virtually all psychiatric problems. This study evaluated two possible models to explain this diversity of associations. Stressful family circumstances during childhood could either activate general, transdiagnostic liabilities to mental disorder or promote numerous disorder-specific liabilities. METHODS: We recruited a high-risk sample of 815 mother-offspring pairs and assessed social stressors in the family context prospectively from the perinatal period through offspring age 5...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227462/psychiatric-disorders-antiretroviral-medication-adherence-and-viremia-in-a-cohort-of-perinatally-hiv-infected-adolescents-and-young-adults
#6
Amelia Bucek, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Stephanie Benson, Patricia Warne, Elaine J Abrams, Katherine S Elkington, Curtis Dolezal, Andrew Wiznia, Claude Ann Mellins
BACKGROUND: Perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV+) adolescents and young adults (AYA) are at risk for sub-optimal antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, and mental health and substance use problems that, in HIV-infected adults, predict non-adherence. Studies on the relationship between psychiatric and substance use disorders (SUD) and adherence among PHIV+ AYA are limited, but may be important to informing evidence-based interventions to promote adherence. METHODS: Data were analyzed from three annual follow-up interviews (FU2-4, N=179) in a longitudinal study of PHIV+ AYA...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197708/mother-infant-separation-among-mothers-with-mental-illness-an-exploratory-observational-study-in-japan
#7
Akiko Konishi, Ryuhei So, Bunta Yoshimura
Mother-infant separation may influence child development and behavior problems. We reviewed charts for 3639 female patients to investigate rates, reasons, and predictors for mothers with mental illness being separated from their infants during the first year after childbirth in Japan. Of 77 patients with childbirth, 26 cases (34%) presented with maternal separation. The most common reason was psychiatric hospitalization. Diagnoses of schizophrenia spectrum disorders or mood disorders were independent contributors for maternal separation...
November 28, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172228/adverse-life-events-increase-risk-for-postpartum-psychiatric-episodes-a-population-based-epidemiologic-study
#8
S Meltzer-Brody, J T Larsen, L Petersen, J Guintivano, A Di Florio, W C Miller, P F Sullivan, T Munk-Olsen
BACKGROUND: Trauma histories may increase risk of perinatal psychiatric episodes. We designed an epidemiological population-based cohort study to explore if adverse childhood experiences (ACE) in girls increases risk of later postpartum psychiatric episodes. METHODS: Using Danish registers, we identified women born in Denmark between January 1980 and December 1998 (129,439 childbirths). Exposure variables were ACE between ages 0 and 15 including: (1) family disruption, (2) parental somatic illness, (3) parental labor market exclusion, (4) parental criminality, (5) parental death, (6) placement in out-of-home care, (7) parental psychopathology excluding substance use, and (8) parental substance use disorder...
November 24, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166964/how-do-childhood-intelligence-and-early-psychosocial-adversity-influence-income-attainment-among-adult-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-a-test-of-the-cognitive-reserve-hypothesis
#9
Kathleen G Dobson, Mark A Ferro, Michael H Boyle, Louis A Schmidt, Saroj Saigal, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Perinatal and later postnatal adversities have been shown to adversely affect socioeconomic trajectories, while enhanced early cognitive abilities improve them. However, little is known about the combined influence of these exposures on social mobility. In this study, we examined if childhood IQ moderated the association between four different types of postnatal adversity (childhood socioeconomic disadvantage, childhood sexual abuse, lifetime psychiatric disorder, and trait neuroticism) and annual earnings at 30-35 years of age in a sample of 88 extremely low birth weight survivors...
November 23, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125223/perinatal-nutrition-interacts-with-genetic-background-to-alter-behavior-in-a-parent-of-origin-dependent-manner-in-adult-collaborative-cross-mice
#10
S A Schoenrock, D Oreper, J Farrington, R C McMullan, R Ervin, D R Miller, F Pardo-Manuel de Villena, W Valdar, L M Tarantino
Previous studies in animal models and humans have shown that exposure to nutritional deficiencies in the perinatal period increases the risk of psychiatric disease. Less well understood is how such effects are modulated by the combination of genetic background and parent-of-origin. To explore this, we exposed female mice from 20 Collaborative Cross (CC) strains to either protein deficient, vitamin D deficient, methyl donor enriched or standard diet during the perinatal period. These CC females were then crossed to a male from a different CC strain to produce reciprocal F1 hybrid females comprising 10 distinct genetic backgrounds...
November 10, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073788/affective-temperaments-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-period-a-click-to-hyperthymic-temperament
#11
Esra Yazici, Hilal Uslu Yuvaci, Ahmet Bulent Yazici, Arif Serhan Cevrioglu, Atila Erol
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and postpartum periods are the main reproductive periods during which women experience mood disorders. Affective temperaments are known antecedents of mood disorders and their importance is increasing in time for early diagnosis and determining risky groups. But data about affective temperaments during perinatal period is limited. METHODS: Women during pregnancy and perinatal period and healthy controls who are not in perinatal period are included in the study...
October 26, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067083/the-long-term-prognosis-of-epilepsy-patients-with-medically-treated-over-a-period-of-eight-years-in-turkey
#12
Pelin Duman, Asuman Orhan Varoglu, Esra Kurum
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of demographic and clinical characteristics on temporal changes in seizure control and frequency in medically treated epilepsy patients to guide treatment modalities. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the association between clinical and demographic characteristics and seizure frequency in 1329 epilepsy patients who were followed up at an outpatient clinic for one to eight years, 2008-2015.. RESULTS: Younger age at first seizure (p = 0...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962922/treadmill-exercise-alleviated-prenatal-buprenorphine-exposure-induced-depression-in-rats
#13
Chih-Cheng Wu, Chih-Jen Hung, Shih-Yi Lin, Ya-Yu Wang, Cheng-Yi Chang, Wen-Ying Chen, Su-Lan Liao, Shue-Ling Raung, Ching-Ping Yang, Chun-Jung Chen
Mounting evidence suggests that physical exercise shows health benefits in a range of diseases, including psychiatric disorders. Perinatal opioid exposure produces neurobehavioral abnormality, which includes depression symptoms, in patients and their offspring following chronic use of buprenorphine, a mixed agonist/antagonist with a high affinity to opioid receptors, for pain control. Previously, we demonstrated that prenatal buprenorphine exposure in pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats starting from gestation day 7 and lasting for 14 days caused the development of depression-like phenotypes in pups at postnatal day 21...
September 27, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928043/treating-postpartum-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-primary-care-pediatrics
#14
Polina Umylny, Miguelina German, Alexa Lantiere
Postpartum psychiatric disorders represent a significant public health problem that has not been readily addressed, particularly in the primary care setting. As maternal mood and anxiety difficulties are associated with a number of adverse outcomes for the mother, her offspring and the family system, addressing these concerns during the perinatal period is of critical importance. Although researchers and clinicians have become increasingly aware of the problem, postpartum mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) remain widely unrecognized and poorly understood by both patients and providers...
October 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890420/perinatal-inflammation-and-adult-psychopathology-from-preclinical-models-to-humans
#15
REVIEW
Amaicha Mara Depino
Perinatal environment plays a crucial role in brain development and determines its function through life. Epidemiological studies and clinical reports link perinatal exposure to infection and/or immune activation to various psychiatric disorders. In addition, accumulating evidence from animal models shows that perinatal inflammation can affect various behaviors relevant to psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, autism, anxiety and depression. Remarkably, the effects on behavior and brain function do not always depend on the type of inflammatory stimulus or the perinatal age targeted, so diverse inflammatory events can have similar consequences on the brain...
September 7, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846801/increased-illness-burden-in-women-with-comorbid-bipolar-and-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-data-from-1-099-women-from-step-bd-study
#16
A Slyepchenko, B N Frey, B Lafer, A A Nierenberg, G S Sachs, R S Dias
BACKGROUND: The impact of comorbid premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) in women with bipolar disorder (BD) is largely unknown. AIMS: We compared illness characteristics and female-specific mental health problems between women with BD with and without PMDD. MATERIALS & METHODS: A total of 1 099 women with BD who participated in the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder (STEP-BD) were studied. Psychiatric diagnoses and illness characteristics were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
November 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835237/gestational-age-at-birth-and-behavioral-problems-from-four-to-11-years-of-age-birth-cohort-study
#17
Iná S Santos, Fernando C Barros, Tiago Munhoz, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: Studies conducted mainly in high-income countries have shown that preterm births are associated with increased risk of behavioral problems and psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of behavioral problems from middle-childhood to early-adolescence according to gestational age at birth in a middle-income setting. METHODS: A population-based birth cohort (n = 4231) in Pelotas, Brazil, was followed-up in several occasions from birth to 11 years...
August 23, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812487/modern-management-of-perinatal-psychiatric-disorders-second-edition-henshaw-carol-cox-john-barton-joanne-modern-management-of-perinatal-psychiatric-disorders-second-edition-330pp-%C3%A2-35-rcpsych-publications-9781909726772-190972677x-formula-see-text
#18
(no author information available yet)
This book presents a comprehensive synthesis of the evidence on perinatal mental health disorders. Written by perinatal and child psychiatrists, the book provides information for midwives, nurses and other professionals on the care of women with perinatal mental health disorders.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800800/behavioral-emergencies-special-considerations-in-the-pregnant-patient
#19
REVIEW
Awais Aftab, Asim A Shah
This article describes psychiatric emergencies in pregnant women. The perinatal period is a time of psychiatric vulnerability. Up to 1 in 6 pregnant women experience major depressive disorder, and 1 in 4 pregnant women with bipolar disorder experience mood exacerbation. We discuss the management of severe mental illness in pregnancy, risk to mother and child of untreated psychiatric illness in pregnancy, risk of relapse of psychiatric disorders in pregnancy with medication discontinuation, psychopharmacologic considerations of teratogenicity and other fetal adverse effects, acute agitation in the pregnant patient, suicidality in pregnancy, and emergency considerations related to substance use disorders...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782091/infant-parasympathetic-and-sympathetic-activity-during-baseline-stress-and-recovery-interactions-with-prenatal-adversity-predict-physical-aggression-in-toddlerhood
#20
J Suurland, K B van der Heijden, S C J Huijbregts, S H M van Goozen, H Swaab
Exposure to prenatal adversity is associated with aggression later in life. Individual differences in autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning, specifically nonreciprocal activation of the parasympathetic (PNS) and sympathetic (SNS) nervous systems, increase susceptibility to aggression, especially in the context of adversity. Previous work examining interactions between early adversity and ANS functioning in infancy is scarce and has not examined interaction between PNS and SNS. This study examined whether the PNS and SNS moderate the relation between cumulative prenatal risk and early physical aggression in 124 children (57% male)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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