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perinatal anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089772/anxiety-like-behavior-due-to-perinatal-exposure-to-bisphenol-a-is-associated-with-decrease-in-excitatory-to-inhibitory-synaptic-density-of-male-mouse-brain
#1
Dhiraj Kumar, M K Thakur
Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a synthetic endocrine disruptor which causes anxiety like behavior in rodents, though the underlying mechanism is not clearly understood. As excitatory-inhibitory synaptic proteins are the key regulators of anxiety, we have examined the effect of perinatal exposure to BPA on this behavior and the expression of excitatory (PSD95), inhibitory (gephyrin) and presynaptic density marker (synaptophysin) proteins in cerebral cortex and hippocampus of 3 and 8 weeks postnatal male mice. In open field (OF) test, BPA exposure reduced the time spent, number of entries and distance travelled in the central zone as compared to control in 8 weeks mice...
January 13, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078472/using-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-for-women-and-men-some-cautionary-thoughts
#2
Stephen Matthey, Francesca Agostini
The objective of the study was to critically consider some of the possible limitations in the Edinburgh Depression Scale (EDS), given that great emphasis is put on the results of this measure within both clinical and research fields. Using findings and discussion points from other studies, as well as from a critical analysis of issues by the authors based upon their clinical and research experience, possible limitations with the scale in nine areas are discussed. Possible limitations include the following: (1) ambiguous items, (2) exclusion of certain types of distress, (3) scoring difficulties, (4) low positive predictive value, (5) frequent use of incorrect cut-off scores, (6) a vast array of validated cut-off scores, (7) validation against a questionable gold-standard, (8) limited anxiety detection and of depressive symptoms in men, and (9) many screen positive women only have transient distress...
January 11, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076674/trajectories-of-perinatal-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-a-community-cohort
#3
Hamideh Bayrampour, Lianne Tomfohr, Suzanne Tough
OBJECTIVE: The evidence on trajectories of perinatal depression is mostly based on studies composed of women at high risk for poor mental health. Research on maternal anxiety trajectories is also scarce. Using a large community cohort, the All Our Babies study, in Alberta, Canada, we examined trajectories of perinatal depressive and anxiety symptoms and compared characteristics of women across trajectories. METHODS: Anxiety and depressive symptoms were measured at the second and third trimesters and at 4 and 12 months postpartum among 1,445 women recruited between May 2008 and December 2010...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056861/-not-just-a-normal-mum-a-qualitative-investigation-of-a-support-service-for-women-who-are-pregnant-subsequent-to-perinatal-loss
#4
Pamela Meredith, Trish Wilson, Grace Branjerdporn, Jenny Strong, Laura Desha
BACKGROUND: Following previous perinatal loss, women in a subsequent pregnancy may experience heightened emotions, such as anxiety and fear, with a range of longer-term implications. To support these women, the Mater Mothers' Bereavement Support Service in Brisbane, Australia, developed a Pregnancy After Loss Clinic (PALC) as a specialised hospital-based service. The present study investigated the experiences of mothers with previous perinatal loss in relation to: (a) their subsequent pregnancy-to-birth journey, and (b) the PALC service...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032214/perinatal-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-psychiatry-and-adversity
#5
Michael Nnachebe Onah, Sally Field, Jason Bantjes, Simone Honikman
Pregnant women are at increased risk for suicidal ideation and behaviours (SIB) compared to the general population. To date, studies have focused on the psychiatric correlates of SIB with lesser attention given to the associated contextual risk factors, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence and associated psychiatric and socio-economic contextual factors for SIB among pregnant women living in low resource communities in South Africa. Three hundred seventy-six pregnant women were evaluated using a range of tools to collect data on socio-economic and demographic factors, social support, life events, interpersonal violence and mental health diagnoses...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032213/the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-perinatal-anxiety-disorders-among-women-experiencing-a-medically-complicated-pregnancy
#6
Nichole Fairbrother, Allan H Young, Areiyu Zhang, Patricia Janssen, Martin M Antony
Over 20% of pregnancies involve medical difficulties that pose some threat to the health and well-being of the mother, her developing infant, or both. We report on the first comparison of the prevalence and incidence of maternal anxiety disorders (AD) in pregnancy and the postpartum, across levels of medical risk in pregnancy. Pregnant women (N = 310) completed postnatal screening measures for anxiety. Women who scored at or above cutoff on one or more of the screening measures were administered a diagnostic interview (n = 115) for AD...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025458/adverse-effects-of-maternal-exposure-to-bisphenol-f-on-the-anxiety-and-depression-like-behavior-of-offspring
#7
Naoko Ohtani, Hidetomo Iwano, Koshi Suda, Erika Tsuji, Kentaro Tanemura, Hiroki Inoue, Hiroshi Yokota
Bisphenol A (BPA), a well-known endocrine disruptor, is metabolized and eliminated rapidly from the body in adult animals. However, many authors have reported that perinatal BPA exposure alters development of the brain, reproductive system and behavior in the next generation. Recently, BPA substitutes, especially bisphenol F (BPF), have been used because of concerns about the influence of BPA on children, although the actual effects on the next generation are unknown. In this study, we observed behavioral adverse effects of the offspring of mice exposed to BPA or BPF in fetal period...
December 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024222/effects-of-prenatal-childbirth-education-for-partners-of-pregnant-women-on-paternal-postnatal-mental-health-and-couple-relationship-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Maiko Suto, Kenji Takehara, Yumina Yamane, Erika Ota
BACKGROUND: Partner education during pregnancy may be able to prevent postnatal mental health problems, and support expectant fathers in their transition to parenthood. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effects of prenatal childbirth education among partners of pregnant women, particularly regarding paternal postnatal mental health and couple relationship. METHODS: We searched Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ERIC, and CENTRAL using terms such as "partners of pregnant women," "education," and "prenatal support...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002990/translation-and-validation-of-the-perinatal-grief-scale-in-a-sample-of-greek-women-with-perinatal-loss-during-the-1-st-and-2-nd-trimester-of-pregnancy
#9
Elissavet Maniatelli, Yiannis Zervas, Panagiotis Halvatsiotis, Eirini Tsartsara, Chara Tzavara, Despina D Briana, Nikolaos Salakos
OBJECTIVE: To translate and validate the Perinatal Grief Scale (short version) in a sample of Greek women with perinatal loss during the 1(st) and 2(nd) trimester of pregnancy. METHOD: One hundred seventy-six women were approached a few hours after the loss. Along with the Perinatal Grief Scale (PGS), three more questionnaires were completed: the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the State-Trait Anxiety and Inventory (STAI), in order to assess the convergent validity of the PGS...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964753/oxytocin-is-implicated-in-social-memory-deficits-induced-by-early-sensory-deprivation-in-mice
#10
Jin-Bao Zhang, Ling Chen, Zhu-Man Lv, Xue-Yuan Niu, Can-Can Shao, Chan Zhang, Michal Pruski, Ying Huang, Cong-Cong Qi, Ning-Ning Song, Bing Lang, Yu-Qiang Ding
Early-life sensory input plays a crucial role in brain development. Although deprivation of orofacial sensory input at perinatal stages disrupts the establishment of the barrel cortex and relevant callosal connections, its long-term effect on adult behavior remains elusive. In this study, we investigated the behavioral phenotypes in adult mice with unilateral transection of the infraorbital nerve (ION) at postnatal day 3 (P3). Although ION-transected mice had normal locomotor activity, motor coordination, olfaction, anxiety-like behaviors, novel object memory, preference for social novelty and sociability, they presented deficits in social memory and spatial memory compared with control mice...
December 13, 2016: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935730/patterns-of-pregnancy-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-latent-class-trajectories-and-predictors
#11
Eivor Fredriksen, Tilmann von Soest, Lars Smith, Vibeke Moe
Depressive symptoms among pregnant and postpartum women are common. However, recent studies indicate that depressive symptoms in the perinatal period do not follow a uniform course, and investigations of the heterogeneity of time courses and associated factors are needed. The aim of this study was to explore whether depressive symptoms in the perinatal period could be categorized into several distinct trajectories of symptom development among subgroups of perinatal women, and to identify predictors of these trajectory groups...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923193/preconception-personality-disorder-and-antenatal-maternal-mental-health-a-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Charlotte Hudson, Elizabeth Spry, Rohan Borschmann, Denise Becker, Paul Moran, Craig Olsson, Carolyn Coffey, Helena Romaniuk, Jordana K Bayer, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Prior anxiety and depression have been identified as risk factors for maternal perinatal mental health problems, but other preconception mental disorders have not been prospectively examined. This study investigated prospectively whether women with preconception personality disorder have increased rates of antenatal anxiety and/or depressive symptoms. METHODS: 244 women in a population cohort were assessed for personality disorder at age 24 using the Standardised Assessment of Personality...
February 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898075/maternal-high-fat-diet-prevents-developmental-programming-by-early-life-stress
#13
M Rincel, A L Lépinay, P Delage, J Fioramonti, V S Théodorou, S Layé, M Darnaudéry
Anxiety disorders and depression are well-documented in subjects exposed to adverse childhood events. Recently, maternal obesity and/or maternal consumption of high-fat diets (HFD) have been also proposed as risk factors for offspring mental health. Here using an animal model in rats, we explored the combinatorial effects of a maternal HFD (40% of energy from fat without impact on maternal weight; during gestation and lactation) and maternal separation (MS) in offspring. In the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of pups, MS led to changes in the expression of several genes such as Bdnf (brain derived neurotrophic factor), 5HT-r1a (serotonin receptor 1a) and Rest4 (neuron-restrictive silencer element, repressor element 1, silencing transcription factor (Rest), splicing variant 4)...
November 29, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863498/factors-affecting-implementation-of-perinatal-mental-health-screening-in-women-of-refugee-background
#14
Nishani Nithianandan, Melanie Gibson-Helm, Jacquie McBride, Amanda Binny, Kylie M Gray, Christine East, Jacqueline A Boyle
BACKGROUND: For women of refugee background, the increased risk of mental illness associated with pregnancy is compounded by pre- and post-settlement stressors. In Australia, antenatal screening for depression and anxiety symptoms using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale is recommended for all women. Despite this, screening is not routinely implemented and little is known about barriers and enablers to implementation for women of refugee background. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a range of health professionals (n = 28: midwives, obstetricians, perinatal mental health and refugee health experts, interpreters) and women of refugee background (n = 9)...
November 18, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855515/influence-of-obstetrical-events-on-satisfaction-and-anxiety-during-childbirth-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#15
Lucia Floris, Olivier Irion, Delphine Courvoisier
The aim of this study was to investigate the feelings of anxiety and satisfaction among 79 primiparas who had uncomplicated pregnancies, at the time of hospital admission and after birth, considering the mode of delivery, analgesia, and pain levels. Questionnaires were completed at admission to the hospital and two months after delivery, using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) state scale and the Labour Agentry Scale. The mean (SD) STAI state score was higher at admission (36.7 (10.7)) than 4 months after childbirth (32...
November 17, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843837/the-impact-of-islamic-religious-education-on-anxiety-level-in-primipara-mothers
#16
Tahereh Mokhtaryan, Zahra Yazdanpanahi, Marzieh Akbarzadeh, Sedigheh Amooee, Najaf Zare
BACKGROUND: Anxiety is among the most common pregnancy complications. This study was conducted to examine the impact of religious teaching on anxiety in primiparous mothers referring to the selected perinatal clinics of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on the pregnant women in 20-28 weeks of gestation referring to the selected clinics of Tehran University of Medical Sciences from July 2013 to June 2014...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837571/maternal-screening-for-early-postnatal-vulnerability
#17
V G Vivilaki, V Dafermos, Ev Patelarou, D Bick, Ar Syngelaki, N D Tsopelas, P Bitsios, E T Petridou, Al N Vgontzas, Chr Lionis
Research has highlighted the wide impact of maternal mental health problems during and beyond the postpartum period and the public health role of community health professionals in early detection of women who may be at risk. This paper aims to describe, explore and test an a priori hypothesised conceptual model of postnatal experience, identifying the relationships between postnatal mental vulnerability and postnatal adjustment to maternal roles and attitudes, marital/partner-relationship and sense of coherence...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821151/-i-ve-changed-my-mind-mindfulness-based-childbirth-and-parenting-mbcp-for-pregnant-women-with-a-high-level-of-fear-of-childbirth-and-their-partners-study-protocol-of-the-quasi-experimental-controlled-trial
#18
Irena K Veringa, Esther I de Bruin, Nancy Bardacke, Larissa G Duncan, Francisca J A van Steensel, Carmen D Dirksen, Susan M Bögels
BACKGROUND: Approximately 25 % of pregnant women suffer from a high level of Fear of Childbirth (FoC), as assessed by the Wijma Delivery Expectancy Questionnaire (W-DEQ-A, score ≥66). FoC negatively affects pregnant women's mental health and adaptation to the perinatal period. Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting (MBCP) seems to be potentially effective in decreasing pregnancy-related anxiety and stress. We propose a theoretical model of Avoidance and Participation in Pregnancy, Birth and the Postpartum Period in order to explore FoC and to evaluate the underlying mechanisms of change of MBCP...
November 7, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818641/parental-relationship-with-twins-from-pregnancy-to-3-months-the-relation-among-parenting-stress-infant-temperament-and-well-being
#19
Laura E Prino, Luca Rollè, Cristina Sechi, Luciana Patteri, Anna Ambrosoli, Angela M Caldarera, Eva Gerino, Piera Brustia
Objective: The transition to parenthood, from pregnancy to postpartum period, is a critical process, particularly for couples expecting twins. There is very little literature regarding the links between anxiety, depression, dyadic adjustment, parental stress, and infant temperament spanning from pregnancy to postpartum. This study has two aims: first, to examine whether mothers' and fathers' anxiety, depression, and dyadic adjustment, assessed at the sixth month of pregnancy and 3 months postpartum, are associated with infants' negative affectivity (NA) and parenting stress; second, to examine whether there is any difference between fathers' and mothers' levels of parenting stress and perception of the twins' temperament, as well as to evaluate, separately for mothers and fathers, whether the levels of parenting stress and perception of child temperament differ for each twin...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805427/the-influence-of-maternal-personality-and-risk-factors-for-impaired-mother-infant-bonding-on-breastfeeding-duration
#20
Neike Keller, Vesna Medved, Giovana Armano
INTRODUCTION: Throughout the world, in delivery departments having the accreditation "Baby-Friendly Hospital," breastfeeding is encouraged upon delivery. Numerous studies have been carried out to assess the relationship between breastfeeding and socioeconomic, psychosocial, and perinatal factors. AIM: To explore the influence of maternal personality and mother-infant bonding impairment on breastfeeding duration according to the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations...
December 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
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