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perinatal anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414017/the-prevalence-of-antenatal-and-postnatal-co-morbid-anxiety-and-depression-a-meta-analysis
#1
K Falah-Hassani, R Shiri, C-L Dennis
To date, the precise prevalence of co-morbidity of anxiety and depression in the perinatal period is not well known. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of co-morbid anxiety and depression in the antenatal and postnatal periods. Systematic searches of multiple electronic databases were conducted for studies published between January 1950 and January 2016. We included 66 (24 published and 42 unpublished) studies incorporating 162 120 women from 30 countries. Prevalence of self-reported antenatal anxiety symptoms and mild to severe depressive symptoms was 9...
April 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406523/exposure-to-extrinsic-stressors-social-defeat-or-bisphenol-a-eliminates-sex-differences-in-dna-methyltransferase-expression-in-the-amygdala
#2
Emily C Wright, Sarah A Johnson, Rebecca Hao, Alex S Kowalczyk, Gian D Greenberg, Evelyn Ordoñes Sanchez, Abigail Laman-Maharg, Brian C Trainor, Cheryl S Rosenfeld
Chemical and psychological stressors can exert long lasting changes in brain function and behavior. Changes in DNA methylation have been shown to be an important mechanism mediating long lasting changes in neural function and behavior, especially for anxiety-like or stress responses. Here we examined the effects of either a social or chemical stressor on DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) gene expression in the amygdala, an important brain region modulating stress responses and anxiety. In adult California mice (Peromyscus californicus) that were naïve to social defeat, females had higher levels of Dnmt1 expression in punch samples of the central amygdala (CeA) than males...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403801/iga-igm-responses-to-gram-negative-bacteria-are-not-associated-with-perinatal-depression-but-with-physio-somatic-symptoms-and-activation-of-the-tryptophan-catabolite-pathway-at-the-end-of-term-and-postnatal-anxiety
#3
Roomruangwong Chutima, Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sunee Sirivichayakul, George Anderson, André F Carvalho, Sebastien Duleu, Michel Geffard, Michael Maes
Evidence has implicated the translocation of commensal Gram-negative bacteria (Gram-B) due to leaky gut in the pathophysiology of depression and physio-somatic symptoms (e.g. fatigue, pain, irritable bowel syndrome, malaise, etc.). In addition, the leaky gut may contribute to immune-inflammatory activation and oxidative stress. This study investigated whether bacterial translocation is associated with perinatal depression and anxiety scores and with prenatal physio-somatic symptoms and immune-inflammatory biomarkers, including the tryptophan catabolite (TRYCAT) pathway...
April 7, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399458/the-role-of-maternal-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders-prior-to-and-during-pregnancy-and-perinatal-psychopathological-symptoms-for-early-infant-diseases-and-drug-administration
#4
Linda Krause, Franziska Einsle, Johanna Petzoldt, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Julia Martini
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental health prior to and during pregnancy has been shown to be associated with inflammatory diseases and gastrointestinal complaints in the offspring. Unfortunately, many studies merely focused on perinatal distress without consideration of lifetime anxiety and depressive disorders. AIMS: To prospectively investigate associations of anxiety and depressive disorders prior to and during pregnancy as well as perinatal distress with infants' inflammatory diseases, gastrointestinal complaints and corresponding drug administration...
April 8, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395209/maternal-depression-and-personality-traits-in-association-with-child-neuropsychological-and-behavioral-development-in-preschool-years-mother-child-cohort-rhea-study-in-crete-greece
#5
Katerina Koutra, Theano Roumeliotaki, Andriani Kyriklaki, Mariza Kampouri, Katerina Sarri, Maria Vassilaki, Panos Bitsios, Manolis Kogevinas, Leda Chatzi
BACKGROUND: Poor perinatal maternal mental health has been linked with negative outcomes on early child development; however, the importance of maternal personality has been neglected thus far. We aimed to examine the effects of antenatal and postnatal maternal mental health, including assessment of maternal personality characteristics, on child neuropsychological and behavioral development at preschool years in a population based mother-child cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece. METHOD: Self-reported measures of maternal depression (EPDS), trait anxiety (STAI-Trait) and personality traits (EPQ-R) were assessed in a sample of 288 women at 28-32 weeks of gestation...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395200/women-s-intentions-of-informal-and-formal-help-seeking-for-mental-health-problems-during-the-perinatal-period-the-role-of-perceived-encouragement-from-the-partner
#6
Ana Fonseca, Maria Cristina Canavarro
OBJECTIVES: this study aimed to examine the relationship between women's intentions to seek informal help and to seek professional help and to explore the indirect effects of women's perceived encouragement to seek professional help from their male partner. Moreover, this study aimed to examine if these relationships vary as function of the presence of higher levels of perinatal distress. DESIGN: cross-sectional internet survey. SETTING: participants were recruited through advertisements published in pamphlets and posted on social media websites (e...
April 5, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384395/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#7
Susan Kendig, John P Keats, M Camille Hoffman, Lisa B Kay, Emily S Miller, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Ariela Frieder, Barbara Hackley, Pec Indman, Christena Raines, Kisha Semenuk, Katherine L Wisner, Lauren A Lemieux
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health conditions encountered by women of reproductive age. When left untreated, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders can have profound adverse effects on women and their children, ranging from increased risk of poor adherence to medical care, exacerbation of medical conditions, loss of interpersonal and financial resources, smoking and substance use, suicide, and infanticide. Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are associated with increased risks of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and are recognized as a significant patient safety issue...
March 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360788/determinants-of-antenatal-psychological-distress-in-pakistani-women
#8
Zia Ud Din, Sadaf Ambreen, Zafar Iqbal, Mudassar Iqbal, Summiya Ahmad
INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of evidence has demonstrated that poor antenatal psychological health can lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Studies conducted in various countries demonstrated a wide range of factors associated with psychological distress during pregnancy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2011 and December 2012 in Peshawar, north-west Pakistan. A total of 230 women in their third trimester of pregnancy fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
June 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350879/maternal-psychological-responses-during-pregnancy-after-ultrasonographic-detection-of-structural-fetal-anomalies-a-prospective-longitudinal-observational-study
#9
Anne Kaasen, Anne Helbig, Ulrik F Malt, Tormod Næs, Hans Skari, Guttorm Haugen
In this longitudinal prospective observational study performed at a tertiary perinatal referral centre, we aimed to assess maternal distress in pregnancy in women with ultrasound findings of fetal anomaly and compare this with distress in pregnant women with normal ultrasound findings. Pregnant women with a structural fetal anomaly (n = 48) and normal ultrasound (n = 105) were included. We administered self-report questionnaires (General Health Questionnaire-28, Impact of Event Scale-22 [IES], and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale) a few days following ultrasound detection of a fetal anomaly or a normal ultrasound (T1), 3 weeks post-ultrasound (T2), and at 30 (T3) and 36 weeks gestation (T4)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347949/perinatal-and-postnatal-risk-factors-for-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-at-age-11-2004-pelotas-birth-cohort-study
#10
Tiago N Munhoz, Iná S Santos, Aluísio J D Barros, Luciana Anselmi, Fernando C Barros, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: To date, there have been few studies of DMDD examining the risk factors during gestation and during the first years of life. We assessed the perinatal and postnatal risk factors associated with the occurrence of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) by 11 years of age. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal study. Mothers completed a standardized questionnaire shortly after childbirth. We used the Development and Well-Being Assessment, administered to the mothers or legal guardians, to identify DMDD among the 11-year-old subjects...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339686/movement-patterns-in-women-at-risk-for-perinatal-depression-use-of-a-mood-monitoring-mobile-application-in-pregnancy
#11
Laura J Faherty, Liisa Hantsoo, Dina Appleby, Mary D Sammel, Ian M Bennett, Douglas J Wiebe
Objectives: To examine, using a smartphone application, whether mood is related to daily movement patterns in pregnant women at risk for perinatal depression. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six women with elevated depression symptoms (PHQ-9 ≥ 5) in pregnancy used the application for 8 weeks. Mood was reported using application-administered surveys daily (2 questions) and weekly (PHQ-9 and GAD-7). The application measured daily mobility (distance travelled on foot) and travel radius...
February 19, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302701/prevalence-of-antenatal-and-postnatal-anxiety-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Kobra Falah-Hassani, Rahman Shiri
BackgroundMaternal anxiety negatively influences child outcomes. Reliable estimates have not been established because of varying published prevalence rates.AimsTo establish summary estimates for the prevalence of maternal anxiety in the antenatal and postnatal periods.MethodWe searched multiple databases including MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO to identify studies published up to January 2016 with data on the prevalence of antenatal or postnatal anxiety. Data were extracted from published reports and any missing information was requested from investigators...
March 16, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287023/identifying-risks-for-mental-health-problems-in-hiv-positive-adolescents-accessing-hiv-treatment-in-johannesburg
#13
Nataly Woollett, Lucie Cluver, Monica Bandeira, Heena Brahmbhatt
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems of adolescents are underserved in low and middle-income countries where they account for a significant proportion of disease burden. Perinatally infected HIV-positive adolescents have a high prevalence of mental health disorders; however, little is known about those retained in care in South Africa. METHODS: HIV-positive adolescents aged 13-19 years (n = 343) accessing five paediatric antiretroviral clinics in Johannesburg were assessed using standardized measures for depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and suicidality...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283105/perinatal-characteristics-and-obstetric-complications-in-mothers-with-multiple-sclerosis-record-linkage-study
#14
Alexander Goldacre, Julia Pakpoor, Michael Goldacre
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) predominantly onsets in women of reproductive age. The possibility of adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes is a likely source of concern to pregnant women with MS and their clinicians. We aimed to compare the characteristics of the pregnancies of mothers with or without MS. METHODS: The historical Oxford Record Linkage Study specialised maternity dataset (850,000 people, 1970-1989), with record-linkage between mother and baby, was analysed...
February 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278440/lower-allopregnanolone-during-pregnancy-predicts-postpartum-depression-an-exploratory-study
#15
Lauren M Osborne, Fiona Gispen, Abanti Sanyal, Gayane Yenokyan, Samantha Meilman, Jennifer L Payne
Current evidence is mixed on the role of progesterone and its metabolites in perinatal mood and anxiety disorders. We measured second and third trimester (T2 and T3) progesterone (PROG) and allopregnanolone (ALLO) levels by ELISA and postpartum depression (PPD) by clinician interview (DSM-IV criteria) in 60 pregnant women with a prior diagnosis of a mood disorder. Methods included multivariate and logistic regression with general linear mixed effect models. We found that, after adjustment, every additional ng/mL of T2 ALLO resulted in a 63% (95% CI 13% to 84%, p=0...
February 16, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264638/to-ignore-or-not-to-ignore-placental-calcifications-on-prenatal-ultrasound-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Fadi G Mirza, Labib M Ghulmiyyah, Hani Tamim, Maha Makki, Dima Jeha, Anwar Nassar
OBJECTIVE: The human placenta is known to calcify with advancing gestational age, and, in fact, the presence of significant calcifications is one of the components of grade III placenta, typical of late gestation. As such, the presence of significant placental calcifications often prompts obstetric providers to expedite delivery. This practice has been attributed, in part, to the presumed association between grade III placenta and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Such approach, however, can be the source of major anxiety and may lead to unnecessary induction of labor, with its associated predisposition to cesarean delivery as well as a myriad of maternal and neonatal morbidities...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245192/the-effect-of-attending-a-prenatal-childbirth-preparedness-course-on-labor-duration-and-outcomes
#17
David Yohai, Debi Alharar, Ruthi Cohen, Zohar Kaltian, Barak Aricha-Tamir, Saviona Ben Aion, Zehava Yohai, Adi Y Weintraub
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of attending a prenatal childbirth preparation course (CPC) on labor duration and outcomes. METHODS: A cross sectional study of 53 primiparous women who attended and 54 women who did not attend a CPC was conducted. The state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI) score was used to diagnose anxiety. Clinical and obstetrical data were collected from the perinatal database of our center. Through post-partum interviews, coping strategies were assessed, patients graded their childbirth experience and breastfeeding was evaluated...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244883/the-meaning-of-giving-birth-voices-of-hmong-women-living-in-vietnam
#18
Cheryl A Corbett, Lynn Clark Callister, Jamie Peterson Gettys, Jacob R Hickman
Increasing knowledge about the sociocultural context of birth is essential to promote culturally sensitive nursing care. This qualitative study provides an ethnographic view of the perspectives on birthing of Hmong mothers living in the highlands of Vietnam. Unique cultural beliefs exist in Hmong culture about the spiritual and physical world as well as ritual practices associated with childbearing. This includes variations of ancestor worship, reincarnation, and healing practices by shamans. Traditionally, Hmong families take an active role in childbirth with birth frequently occurring in the home...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219879/use-of-online-forums-for-perinatal-mental-illness-stigma-and-disclosure-an-exploratory-model
#19
Donna Moore, Nicholas Drey, Susan Ayers
BACKGROUND: Perinatal mental illness is a global health concern; however, many women with the illness do not get the treatment they need to recover. Interventions that reduce the stigma around perinatal mental illness have the potential to enable women to disclose their symptoms to health care providers and consequently access treatment. There are many online forums for perinatal mental illness and thousands of women use them. Preliminary research suggests that online forums may promote help-seeking behavior, potentially because they have a role in challenging stigma...
February 20, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205207/home-uterine-monitoring-for-detecting-preterm-labour
#20
REVIEW
Christine Urquhart, Rosemary Currell, Francoise Harlow, Liz Callow
BACKGROUND: To reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with preterm birth, home uterine activity monitoring aims for early detection of increased contraction frequency, and early intervention with tocolytic drugs to inhibit labour and prolong pregnancy. However, the effectiveness of such monitoring is disputed. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether home uterine activity monitoring is effective in improving the outcomes for women and their infants considered to be at high risk of preterm birth, when compared with care that does not include home uterine activity monitoring...
February 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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