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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919371/perinatal-deficiency-in-dietary-omega-3-fatty-acids-potentiates-sucrose-reward-and-diet-induced-obesity-in-mice
#1
Stéphanie Auguste, Sandeep Sharma, Alexandre Fisette, Caroline Daneault, Christine Des Rosiers, Stephanie Fulton
Insufficient dietary intake of essential omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (N-3), especially during critical stages of development, is well-associated with negative neurological and metabolic consequences. The increased availability and intake of foods rich in saturated fat coincides with reduced N-3 consumption, yet how N-3 dietary deficiency during perinatal development modulates motivation for palatable food and interacts with a high-fat diet to affect body weight and emotional states is not clear. Pregnant C57Bl6 mice and pups were subjected to diets either deficient or adequate (control) in N-3 until postnatal day 21...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917088/depression-anxiety-ptsd-and-comorbidity-in-perinatal-women-in-turkey-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#2
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
OBJECTIVE: (a) to assess prevalence of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and their comorbidity among women during the perinatal period (b) to examine course of those disorders from pregnancy to 6 months postpartum (c) to determine the rates of new-onset cases at 4-6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. DESIGN: A longitudinal population-based study in which participants completed psychosocial measures of depression, anxiety and PTSD in pregnancy (n = 950), 4-6 weeks (n = 858) and 6 months (n = 829) after birth...
September 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916453/making-the-legal-and-ethical-case-for-universal-screening-for-postpartum-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-pediatric-primary-care
#3
Amy Lewis Gilbert, Casey Balio, Nerissa S Bauer
Postpartum depression (PPD), part of a larger spectrum of perinatal mood and anxiety disorders, affects up to 15% of women following the birth of an infant. Fathers may also be affected. PPD not only affects caregivers, but also impacts infants through mechanisms such as inadequate caregiver-infant interactions and non-adherence to safety practices. The negative impact on infants may extend across the life course through adulthood. This article seeks to move the needle toward universal screening for PPD using validated tools in pediatric primary care settings for new caregivers by making the legal and ethical case for this course of action in a manner that is both compelling and accessible for clinicians...
September 12, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915376/psychometric-properties-of-the-postpartum-bonding-questionnaire-and-correlates-of-mother-infant-bonding-impairment-in-italian-new-mothers
#4
Alessandra Busonera, Stefania Cataudella, Jessica Lampis, Marco Tommasi, Giulio Cesare Zavattini
OBJECTIVE: impaired maternal bonding is a risk factor for problems with infant well-being and development. The investigation of perinatal variables related to disorders of the mother-infant relationship as well as the administration of reliable and valid screening tools to new mothers in the postpartum can help identify early signs of a disturbed mother-child relationship. The Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ) has been shown to be a valid screening instrument, but its dimensional structure is still controversial...
September 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915162/the-effect-of-perinatal-gadolinium-based-contrast-agents-on-adult-mice-behavior
#5
Miski Aghnia Khairinisa, Yusuke Takatsuru, Izuki Amano, Khongorzul Erdene, Takahito Nakajima, Satomi Kameo, Hiroshi Koyama, Yoshito Tsushima, Noriyuki Koibuchi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of perinatal exposure to gadolinium (Gd)-based contrast agents (GBCAs) on the behavior of adulthood offspring. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant Balb/C mice (n = 5 per group) were intravenously injected with gadoterate meglumine (Magnescope, macrocyclic GBCA), gadodiamide (Omniscan, linear GBCA), or vehicle from pregnancy day 15 to 19, corresponding to embryonic day 15 to 19 of the fetus, at 2 mmol/kg body weight per day...
September 14, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905985/it-is-time-for-routine-screening-for-perinatal-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-settings
#6
Eynav Elgavish Accortt, Melissa S Wong
Importance: Women are 2 to 3 times more likely than men to experience depression in their lifetime, and the greatest risk occurs during the reproductive years. As an obstetrics and gynecology physician or provider, you will likely encounter women who are at risk of development or relapse of a mental disorder during this vulnerable time. Objective: The aim of this review is to examine theory and research on mood and anxiety disorders during the perinatal period with an emphasis on screening recommendations...
September 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904511/the-fantasmatic-and-imaginary-child-of-the-pregnant-woman
#7
Simone Setterberg
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a period of transition, which makes women more vulnerable and in unfavorable conditions may lead to psychopathology in both mother and infant. It is essential to outline factors adversely affecting the resolution of this period. Early interventions and why they matter: Interventions during pregnancy can provide important improvement in the outcome for both maternal and infant mental health. AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the risk factors of antenatal anxiety and depression focusing particularly on maternal representations of the relationship towards the fetus and her own parents during pregnancy and the early postpartum period...
June 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894112/perinatal-malnutrition-leads-to-sexually-dimorphic-behavioral-responses-with-associated-epigenetic-changes-in-the-mouse-brain
#8
Daniel Nätt, Riccardo Barchiesi, Josef Murad, Jian Feng, Eric J Nestler, Frances A Champagne, Annika Thorsell
Childhood malnutrition is a risk factor for mental disorders, such as major depression and anxiety. Evidence shows that similar early life adversities induce sex-dependent epigenetic reprogramming. However, little is known about how genes are specifically affected by early malnutrition and the implications for males and females respectively. One relevant target is neuropeptide Y (NPY), which regulates both stress and food-intake. We studied maternal low protein diet (LPD) during pregnancy/lactation in mice...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890420/perinatal-inflammation-and-adult-psychopathology-from-preclinical-models-to-humans
#9
REVIEW
Amaicha Mara Depino
Perinatal environment plays a crucial role in brain development and determines its function through life. Epidemiological studies and clinical reports link perinatal exposure to infection and/or immune activation to various psychiatric disorders. In addition, accumulating evidence from animal models shows that perinatal inflammation can affect various behaviors relevant to psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, autism, anxiety and depression. Remarkably, the effects on behavior and brain function do not always depend on the type of inflammatory stimulus or the perinatal age targeted, so diverse inflammatory events can have similar consequences on the brain...
September 7, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868664/profile-of-consumers-and-their-partners-of-a-perinatal-and-infant-mental-health-pimh-service-in-australia
#10
Dominiek Coates, Christine Saleeba, Deborah Howe
The perinatal period is a time of great vulnerability for many women, in particular those with a range of psychosocial vulnerabilities and mental health risk factors. This paper outlines the psychosocial and mental health profile of consumers and their partners of a perinatal and infant mental health (PIMH) service in Australia. To establish the consumer profile, we analysed client vulnerabilities and demographical information maintained over a 6-year period for 406 consumers. Consumer information, including mental health problems, psychosocial vulnerabilities and demographical information, was entered into a standalone database by the allocated clinicians upon service allocation and throughout treatment...
September 4, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846961/prevalence-trends-of-pre-and-postnatal-depression-in-japanese-women-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#11
Kenji Takehara, Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Keiko Yoshida, Rintaro Mori, Naoko Kakee, Takahiko Kubo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the prevalence trends of pre- and postnatal depression, via measures of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) total and factor scores, from 20 weeks' gestation to 3 months postpartum, stratified by parity, in a Japanese female population. METHODS: A longitudinal, population-based study was conducted among perinatal women giving birth at maternity facilities in Setagaya area of Tokyo, Japan. Of the 1775 women who participated, 1311 women met the inclusion criteria of this analysis...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846801/increased-illness-burden-in-women-with-comorbid-bipolar-and-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-data-from-1-099-women-from-step-bd-study
#12
A Slyepchenko, B N Frey, B Lafer, A A Nierenberg, G S Sachs, R S Dias
BACKGROUND: The impact of comorbid premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) in women with bipolar disorder (BD) is largely unknown. AIMS: We compared illness characteristics and female-specific mental health problems between women with BD with and without PMDD. MATERIALS & METHODS: A total of 1 099 women with BD who participated in the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder (STEP-BD) were studied. Psychiatric diagnoses and illness characteristics were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
August 28, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842756/the-comorbidity-of-axis-i-disorders-in-depressed-pregnant-women
#13
Lilian Dindo, Alexis Elmore, Michael O'Hara, Scott Stuart
Depression during pregnancy is highly prevalent and is associated with increased risk of a variety of negative psychological and medical outcomes in both mothers and offspring. Antenatal depression often co-occurs with significant anxiety, potentially exacerbating morbidities for women and their children. However, screening during the antenatal period is frequently limited to assessment of depression so that other significant comorbid disorders may be missed. Follow-up assessment by clinicians has similarly focused primarily on detection of depressive symptoms...
August 25, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822057/short-term-exposure-to-enriched-environment-in-adult-rats-restores-mk-801-induced-cognitive-deficits-and-gabaergic-interneuron-immunoreactivity-loss
#14
Ane Murueta-Goyena, Naiara Ortuzar, Pascual Gargiulo, José Vicente Lafuente, Harkaitz Bengoetxea
Perinatal injections of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist in rodents emulate some cognitive impairments and neurochemical alterations, such as decreased GABAergic (gamma aminobutyric acid) interneuron immunoreactivity, also found in schizophrenia. These features are pervasive, and developing neuroprotective or neurorestorative strategies is of special interest. In this work, we aimed to investigate if a short exposure to enriched environment (EE) in early adulthood (P55-P73) was an effective strategy to improve cognitive dysfunction and to restore interneuron expression in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and hippocampus (HPC)...
August 18, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769031/sex-specific-placental-accumulation-and-behavioral-effects-of-developmental-firemaster-550-exposure-in-wistar-rats
#15
Kylie R Baldwin, Allison L Phillips, Brian Horman, Sheryl E Arambula, Meghan E Rebuli, Heather M Stapleton, Heather B Patisaul
Firemaster® 550 (FM 550) is a commercial flame retardant mixture of brominated and organophosphate compounds applied to polyurethane foam used in furniture and baby products. Due to widespread human exposure, and structural similarities with known endocrine disruptors, concerns have been raised regarding possible toxicity. We previously reported evidence of sex specific behavioral effects in rats resulting from developmental exposure. The present study expands upon this prior finding by testing for a greater range of behavioral effects, and measuring the accumulation of FM 550 compounds in placental tissue...
August 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757900/the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-on-maternal-perinatal-mental-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Zhenrong Shi, Angus MacBeth
Presenting with common mental health difficulties, particularly depression and anxiety, there is also preliminary evidence that mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) including mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and integrated mindfulness yoga practices may also be effective in reducing common mental health difficulties during pregnancy. We systematically reviewed and synthesized the current literature on the effectiveness of MBIs in reducing severity of perinatal anxiety and depression...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755859/systemic-inflammation-combined-with-neonatal-cerebellar-haemorrhage-aggravates-long-term-structural-and-functional-outcomes-in-a-mouse-model
#17
Sophie Tremblay, Alex Pai, Lindsay Richter, Rod Vafaei, Praneetha Potluri, Jacob Ellegood, Jason P Lerch, Daniel Goldowitz
BACKGROUND: Despite the increased recognition of cerebellar injury in survivors of preterm birth, the neurodevelopmental consequences of isolated cerebellar injury have been largely unexplored and our current understanding of the functional deficits requires further attention in order to translate knowledge to best practices. Preterm infants are exposed to multiple stressors during their postnatal development including perinatal cerebellar haemorrhage (CBH) and postnatal infection, two major risk factors for neurodevelopmental impairments...
July 27, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755623/the-presence-of-anxiety-depression-and-stress-in-women-and-their-partners-during-pregnancies-following-perinatal-loss-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Amanda Hunter, Lorena Tussis, Angus MacBeth
BACKGROUND: Research indicates perinatal loss is associated with anxiety, depression and stress in women and partners during subsequent pregnancies. However, there are no robust estimates of anxiety, depression and stress for this group. We meta-analytically estimated rates of anxiety, depression and stress in pregnant women and their partners during pregnancies after previous perinatal loss. METHODS: Databases (Medline, PsychInfo, Embase, Cinahl Plus) and grey literature were searched from 1995 through to May 2016...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751158/mentors-offering-maternal-support-reduces-prenatal-pregnancy-specific-anxiety-in-a-sample-of-military-women
#19
Karen L Weis, Regina P Lederman, Katherine C Walker, Wenyaw Chan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of the Mentors Offering Maternal Support (MOMS) program to reduce pregnancy-specific anxiety and depression and build self-esteem and resilience in military women. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with repeated measures. SETTING: Large military community in Texas. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women (N = 246) in a military sample defined as active duty or spouse of military personnel...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742657/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#20
Adam C Urato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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