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perinatal psychiatry

G Brander, M Rydell, R Kuja-Halkola, L Fernández de la Cruz, P Lichtenstein, E Serlachius, C Rück, C Almqvist, B M D'Onofrio, H Larsson, D Mataix-Cols
Adverse perinatal events may increase the risk of Tourette's and chronic tic disorders (TD/CTD), but previous studies have been unable to control for unmeasured environmental and genetic confounding. We aimed to prospectively investigate potential perinatal risk factors for TD/CTD, taking unmeasured factors shared between full siblings into account. A population-based birth cohort, consisting of all singletons born in Sweden in 1973-2003, was followed until December 2013. A total of 3 026 861 individuals were identified, 5597 of which had a registered TD/CTD diagnosis...
March 28, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
Michael Nnachebe Onah, Sally Field, Jason Bantjes, Simone Honikman
Pregnant women are at increased risk for suicidal ideation and behaviours (SIB) compared to the general population. To date, studies have focused on the psychiatric correlates of SIB with lesser attention given to the associated contextual risk factors, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence and associated psychiatric and socio-economic contextual factors for SIB among pregnant women living in low resource communities in South Africa. Three hundred seventy-six pregnant women were evaluated using a range of tools to collect data on socio-economic and demographic factors, social support, life events, interpersonal violence and mental health diagnoses...
April 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Stephanie A Schuette, Kara M Brown, Danielle A Cuthbert, Cynthia W Coyle, Katherine L Wisner, M Camille Hoffman, Amy Yang, Jody D Ciolino, Rebecca L Newmark, Crystal T Clark
PURPOSE: Placentophagy (maternal consumption of the placenta) has become increasingly prevalent in the past decade among women seeking to promote health and healing during the postpartum period. The purpose of this study was to assess patient and provider familiarity with and attitudes toward placentophagy, as well as patients' willingness to try placentophagy. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys with questions regarding placentophagy practice were distributed to healthcare providers and patients...
January 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Ian Brockington, Ruth Butterworth, Nine Glangeaud-Freudenthal
The purpose of this paper is to set out informal, provisional and comprehensive but concise guidelines for mother-infant (perinatal) mental health (psychiatry), as an area of specialisation. It is informal in the sense that the authors are clinicians and researchers from many different nations, who share a common goal and vision, speaking on their own behalf and not with the backing of any authority or society. It is provisional in the expectation that it can be improved by criticism and new research findings...
February 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Elizabeth L Turner, Siham Sikander, Omer Bangash, Ahmed Zaidi, Lisa Bates, John Gallis, Nima Ganga, Karen O'Donnell, Atif Rahman, Joanna Maselko
BACKGROUND: The negative effects of perinatal depression on the mother and child start early and persist throughout the lifecourse (Lancet 369(9556):145-57, 2007; Am J Psychiatry 159(1):43-7, 2002; Arch Dis Child 77(2):99-101, 1997; J Pak Med Assoc 60(4):329; J Psychosoma Res 49(3):207-16, 2000; Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 14(1):1-27, 2011). Given that 10-35 % of children worldwide are exposed to perinatal depression in their first year of life (Int Rev Psychiatry 8(1):37-54, 1996), mitigating this intergenerational risk is a global public health priority (Perspect Public Health 129(5):221-7, 2009; Trop Med Int Health 13(4):579-83, 2008; Br Med Bull 101(1):57-79, 2012)...
September 8, 2016: Trials
Maria Muzik, Susan E Hamilton
Introduction Mood disorders impact many pregnant women, particularly those who have experienced symptoms prior to conception, and there are significant barriers, including stigma and access, to seeking and receiving appropriate treatments. Antidepressants are a helpful option in treating perinatal depression, but research on risks and benefits of antidepressant use in pregnancy is difficult given lack of "gold standard" comparative trials. Methods This paper summarizes current state of knowledge on the safety of antidepressants during pregnancy by providing a summary of the literature published in the past 3 years (January 2013-October 2015)...
November 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Gwénäelle Andro
The perinatal psychology and psychiatry unit of Caen university hospital has put in place two systematic intervention protocols relating to pregnancy: teenage pregnancy and denial of pregnancy. Professionals are particularly concerned with teenagers with a history of early emotional deprivation and mistreatment, with the spectre of repetition. A partnership with a motherhood centre helps all concerned to work together to build resilience.
July 2016: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
Nancy Byatt, Kathleen Biebel, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Barry Sarvet, Marcy Ravech, Jeroan Allison, John Straus
OBJECTIVE: Perinatal depression is common and associated with poor birth, infant and child outcomes. Screening for perinatal depression alone does not improve treatment rates or patient outcomes. This paper describes the development, implementation and outcomes of a new and low-cost population-based program to help providers address perinatal depression, the Massachusetts Child Psychiatry Access Project (MCPAP) for Moms. METHOD: MCPAP for Moms builds providers' capacity to address perinatal depression through (1) trainings and toolkits on depression screening, assessment and treatment; (2) telephonic access to perinatal psychiatric consultation for providers serving pregnant and postpartum women; and (3) care coordination to link women with individual psychotherapy and support groups...
May 2016: General Hospital Psychiatry
Armağan Özdemir, Cana Aksoy Poyraz, Evrim Erten, Emre Çırakoğlu, Nesrin Tomruk
The aim was to evaluate the clinical profile and effectiveness of ECT in women. A retrospective chart review was carried out to identify female patients who had received ECT during the period September 2013-February 2015. Details regarding their sociodemographic, clinical, and treatment data were extracted from these records for the present study. The total number of patients, admitted to our psychiatry inpatient clinic during the survey period, was 802. During this period, 26 (3.24 %) female patients received ECT...
February 18, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
Mary C Kimmel, S Lara-Cinisomo, K Melvin, A Di Florio, A Brandon, S Meltzer-Brody
Perinatal patients with bipolar and psychotic mood disorder exacerbations are challenging to treat and often receive suboptimal care. We sought to examine the treatment patterns and outcomes on one of the only US-based Perinatal Psychiatry Inpatient Units (PPIU). Perinatal patients admitted to the PPIU completed self-report measures at admission and before discharge. Retrospective chart reviews extracted history, diagnoses (current and past), and medication treatment. Patients who had discharge diagnoses of bipolar disorder, major depression with psychotic features, or postpartum psychosis were included...
August 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Lluïsa Garcia-Esteve, Anna Torres, Gracia Lasheras, Bruma Palacios-Hernández, Borja Farré-Sender, Susana Subirà, Manuel Valdés, Ian Fraser Brockington
The Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ) was developed to assess mother-infant bonding disturbances in the postpartum period. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the PBQ in a sample of Spanish postpartum women. Eight hundred forty mothers were recruited in the postpartum visit (4-6 weeks after delivery): 513 from a gynecology unit (forming the general population sample) and 327 mothers from a perinatal psychiatry program (forming the clinical sample)...
April 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Carlo Marchesi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Debra J Green, Kristina Hofberg, Caroline Carr, Tina Fanneran, Athula Sumathipala
Perinatal mother and baby units are an essential service for women suffering from perinatal mental illness by allowing the baby to stay with the mother whilst receiving inpatient mental health care. Such units enable the mother to develop a relationship with her baby in a safe and supportive environment whilst caring for her mental health needs and allow her to gain confidence in her role as a mother. This article presents the development of the Brockington Mother and Baby unit and its progressive advancement towards an exemplary service for women suffering from perinatal mental illness...
June 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Julie Hammond, Maurice Lipsedge
AIMS AND HYPOTHESIS: This review aimed to improve infant risk assessments in the context of maternal mental illness by identifying key predictors of poor parenting outcomes. BACKGROUND: Inadequate parenting as a result of severe and persistent mental illness is a common reason for courts terminating parental rights. However, the current practice of parenting capacity assessments in the setting of perinatal psychiatry is fraught with risks and uncertainty. A well-recognised flaw in the assessment process is the lack of valid and reliable tools that have been specifically validated for assessing parenting capacity in mothers with a history of mental illness and the potential risk of harm to their infant...
September 2015: Psychiatria Danubina
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Maternal depression in the postpartum period confers substantial morbidity and mortality, but the definition of postpartum depression remains controversial. We investigated the heterogeneity of symptoms with the aim of identifying clinical subtypes of postpartum depression. METHODS: Data were aggregated from the international perinatal psychiatry consortium Postpartum Depression: Action Towards Causes and Treatment, which represents 19 institutions in seven countries...
January 2015: Lancet Psychiatry
Daya Ram, S Gandotra
AIMS: Untreated perinatal depression and anxiety disorders are known to have significant negative impact on both maternal and fetal health. Dilemmas still remain regarding the use and safety of psychotropics in pregnant and lactating women suffering from perinatal depression and anxiety disorders. The aim of the current paper was to review the existing evidence base on the exposure and consequences of antidepressants, anxiolytics, and hypnotics in women during pregnancy and lactation and to make recommendations for clinical decision making in management of these cases...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Isabelle Legrée, Gwenaëlle Andro, Jean-Marc Baleyte
Supporting parenthood in a family with multiple problems requires a strong network. In the case of difficulties in establishing the initial bonds between a couple and their baby, the perinatal psychiatric team, working with the mother and infant welfare protection service and the adult psychiatry service, can also put in place measures to support this family.
May 2015: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
Aparna Laddipeerla, Jacob Alexander, Adriana Lattanzio
OBJECTIVE: This paper explores novel training opportunities that the Expanded Setting Training Program (ESTP) provides for advanced psychiatry trainees. It is a reflection of a trainee's learning experiences during a year-long posting in Aboriginal Perinatal Mental Health, working alongside the Aboriginal Family Birthing Program, coupled with reflection and supervision. CONCLUSIONS: ESTP provided a fertile area to hone an advanced trainee's skills in the niche areas of Aboriginal mental health, perinatal mental health, culture and psychiatry...
December 2015: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
J P Y Chung
Interpersonal psychotherapy is one of two evidence-based formal psychotherapies for perinatal mood disorders. It is a time-limited, non-transference / cognitive-based therapy that focuses on communication and social support and can be easily conducted in a perinatal clinic setting. There is limited patient access to interpersonal psychotherapy in Hong Kong because the therapy is not widely disseminated. This case report aimed to illustrate the principles and techniques of interpersonal psychotherapy in perinatal psychiatry, and to raise interest among mental health professionals in Hong Kong in this evidence-based treatment...
June 2015: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
Kate Keenan, Alison E Hipwell
Pregnant women living in poverty experience chronic and acute stressors that may lead to alterations in circulating glucocorticoids. Experimental evidence from animal models and correlational studies in humans support the hypothesis that prenatal exposure to high levels of glucocorticoids can negatively affect the developing fetus and later emotional and behavioral regulation in the offspring. In this integrative review, recent findings from research in psychiatry, obstetrics, and animal and human experimental studies on the role of docosahexaenoic acid in modulation of the stress response and brain development are discussed...
March 2015: Nutrition Reviews
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