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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143950/-the-effect-of-a-short-term-group-stabilisation-training-in-patients-with-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#1
G Beldman, H H L M Kessels, I W de Groot
The international guideline for complex posttraumatic stress disorder (ptsd) from the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (istss) recommends treatment in phases, starting with stabilisation treatment. Different forms of stabilisation training have been developed the past few years, one being short-term group stabilisation training.<br/> AIM: To map out the effects of the short-term group training.<br/> METHOD: The research implemented a pre-post design. The training consisted of five group sessions...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143889/beyond-pathologizing-harm-understanding-ptsd-in-the-context-of-war-experience
#2
Patricia Benner, Jodi Halpern, Deborah R Gordon, Catherine Long Popell, Patricia W Kelley
An alternative to objectifying approaches to understanding Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) grounded in hermeneutic phenomenology is presented. Nurses who provided care for soldiers injured in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, and sixty-seven wounded male servicemen in the rehabilitation phase of their recovery were interviewed. PTSD is the one major psychiatric diagnosis where social causation is established, yet PTSD is predominantly viewed in terms of the usual neuro-physiological causal models with traumatic social events viewed as pathogens with dose related effects...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142795/comorbid-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-opioid-dependence
#3
Rikinkumar S Patel, Ahmed Elmaadawi, Suhayl Nasr, John Haskin
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is predominant amongst individuals addicted to opioids and obscures the course of illness and the treatment outcome. We report the case of a patient with major depressive disorder and opioid dependence, who experienced post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms during a recent visit to the inpatient unit. The similarity of symptoms between post-traumatic stress disorder and opioid dependence is so high that, sometimes, it is a challenge to differentiate between these conditions...
September 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141694/the-icu-diary-study-prospective-multicenter-comparative-study-of-the-impact-of-an-icu-diary-on-the-wellbeing-of-patients-and-families-in-french-icus
#4
Maïté Garrouste-Orgeas, Cécile Flahault, Léonor Fasse, Stéphane Ruckly, Nora Amdjar-Badidi, Laurent Argaud, Julio Badie, Amélie Bazire, Naike Bige, Eric Boulet, Lila Bouadma, Cédric Bretonnière, Bernard Floccard, Alain Gaffinel, Xavier de Forceville, Hubert Grand, Rebecca Halidfar, Olfa Hamzaoui, Mercé Jourdain, Paul-Henri Jost, Eric Kipnis, Audrey Large, Alexandre Lautrette, Olivier Lesieur, Virginie Maxime, Emmanuelle Mercier, Jean Paul Mira, Yannick Monseau, Erika Parmentier-Decrucq, Jean-Philippe Rigaud, Antoine Rouget, François Santoli, Georges Simon, Fabienne Tamion, Nathalie Thieulot-Rolin, Marina Thirion, Sandrine Valade, Isabelle Vinatier, Christel Vioulac, Sebastien Bailly, Jean-François Timsit
BACKGROUND: Post-intensive care syndrome includes the multiple consequences of an intensive care unit (ICU) stay for patients and families. It has become a new challenge for intensivists. Prevention programs have been disappointing, except for ICU diaries, which report the patient's story in the ICU. However, the effectiveness of ICU diaries for patients and families is still controversial, as the interpretation of the results of previous studies was open to criticism hampering an expanded use of the diary...
November 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140225/key-patterns-and-predictors-of-response-to-treatment-for-military-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-growth-mixture-modelling-approach
#5
A J Phelps, Z Steel, O Metcalf, N Alkemade, K Kerr, M O'Donnell, J Nursey, J Cooper, A Howard, R Armstrong, D Forbes
BACKGROUND: To determine the patterns and predictors of treatment response trajectories for veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Conditional latent growth mixture modelling was used to identify classes and predictors of class membership. In total, 2686 veterans treated for PTSD between 2002 and 2015 across 14 hospitals in Australia completed the PTSD Checklist at intake, discharge, and 3 and 9 months follow-up. Predictor variables included co-morbid mental health problems, relationship functioning, employment and compensation status...
November 15, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139024/immigrant-trauma-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-latino-youth
#6
Sean D Cleary, Ryan Snead, Daniela Dietz-Chavez, Ivonne Rivera, Mark C Edberg
While research has demonstrated an association between trauma and mental health, this study examined the association between trauma experienced premigration, during migration, and postmigration, and current mental health status among Latino youth aged 12-17 years old living in the US for < 3 years. Participants reported traumatic events experienced in their home country, during migration, and after settling in the US. Regression models examined trauma experienced at each stage of the migration process predicting current levels of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138960/probable-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-self-harming-behaviour-potential-barriers-to-employment
#7
J S Hansen, E Simonsen
The current study screened for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and self-harming behaviours, often related to borderline personality disorder (BPD), among individuals in a job centre considered unemployable primarily for psychological reasons. Participants (N = 112) filled in questionnaires on PTSD symptoms (n = 62) and self-harming behaviours (n = 59) as part of participating in team-meetings providing the individuals with a return-to-work plan. Differences in demographic variables between individuals with and without valid protocols were small to moderate...
November 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137173/psychiatric-disorders-differently-correlate-with-physical-self-rated-health-across-ethnic-groups
#8
Shervin Assari
In this study, we compared 10 ethnic groups for associations between psychiatric disorders and physical self-rated health (SRH) in the United States. Data came from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003. The study included 7587 non-Latino White, 4746 African American, 1442 Mexican, 1106 other Hispanic, 656 other Asian, 600 Chinese, 577 Cuban, 520 Vietnamese, 508 Filipino, and 495 Puerto Rican individuals. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to measure psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), general anxiety disorder (GAD), social phobia, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse, and binge eating disorders...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135807/effects-of-stressor-controllability-on-transcriptional-levels-of-c-fos-arc-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-mouse-amygdala-and-medial-prefrontal-cortex
#9
Mayumi Machida, György Lonart, Larry D Sanford
Controllability is an important factor in determining stress outcomes. Uncontrollable stress is associated with the development of psychopathology such as post-traumatic stress disorder, whereas controllable stress is associated with adaptive stress responses and positive outcomes. In this study, we investigated how controllability affects poststress neurobiology by assessing transcriptional levels of activity-dependent genes in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and amygdala, regions important in mediating stress outcomes...
November 13, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134717/superior-colliculus-resting-state-networks-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-its-dissociative-subtype
#10
Isadora Olivé, Maria Densmore, Sherain Harricharan, Jean Théberge, Margaret C McKinnon, Ruth Lanius
OBJECTIVES: The innate alarm system (IAS) models the neurocircuitry involved in threat processing in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Here, we investigate a primary subcortical structure of the IAS model, the superior colliculus (SC), where the SC is thought to contribute to the mechanisms underlying threat-detection in PTSD. Critically, the functional connectivity between the SC and other nodes of the IAS remains unexplored. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We conducted a resting-state fMRI study to investigate the functional architecture of the IAS, focusing on connectivity of the SC in PTSD (n = 67), its dissociative subtype (n = 41), and healthy controls (n = 50) using region-of-interest seed-based analysis...
November 13, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131993/the-structure-of-co-occurring-ptsd-and-depression-symptoms-in-a-cohort-of-marines-pre-and-post-deployment
#11
J Ben Barnes, Adele M Hayes, Ateka A Contractor, William P Nash, Brett T Litz
Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder are the most frequently co-occurring problems following potentially traumatic events. It is unclear whether these comorbidities represent two correlated but distinct disorders or a common post-event response. We sought to inform this question by examining the distinctiveness of PTSD and depression symptoms at four cross-sectional time points, using data from a parent prospective longitudinal study of 858 Marines evaluated before deployment and approximately 1, 5, and 8 months after returning from the Afghanistan war...
November 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130314/determining-psychoneuroimmunologic-markers-of-yoga-as-an-intervention-for-persons-diagnosed-with-ptsd-a-systematic-review
#12
Ursula Ann Kelly, Dian Dowling Evans, Helen Baker, Jessica Noggle Taylor
There is a growing body of research on yoga as a therapeutic intervention for psychological symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) accompanied by speculations on underlying physiologic mechanisms. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, qualitatively evaluate, and synthesize studies of yoga as an intervention for PTSD that measured physiologic outcomes in order to gain insights into potential mechanisms. The focus is on studies evaluating yoga as a therapeutic intervention for PTSD rather than for trauma exposure, PTSD prevention, or subclinical PTSD...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128558/effects-of-35-carbon-dioxide-co2-inhalation-in-patients-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-cross-over-trial
#13
Michael Kellner, Christoph Muhtz, Sven Nowack, Irina Leichsenring, Klaus Wiedemann, Alexander Yassouridis
BACKGROUND: In patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) two open pilot studies about the effects of 35% carbon dioxide (CO2) exist. One shows an augmented panicogenic and anxiogenic response (Muhtz et al., 2011), the other does not (Talesnik et al. 2007). We further characterized the CO2 reactivity in PTSD using for the first time placebo-controlled and double-blind conditions. METHODS: In 20 patients with PTSD we assessed panic, anxiety, dissociative and PTSD symptoms after a single vital capacity inhalation of 35% CO2 compared to a placebo gas condition in a within-participant cross-over, placebo-controlled, double-blind and randomized design...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127891/elevated-maternal-anxiety-in-the-nicu-predicts-worse-fine-motor-outcome-in-vlbw-infants
#14
Michelle M Greene, Beverly Rossman, Paula Meier, Kousiki Patra
AIM: The literature is sparse with respect to the impact of elevated maternal psychological distress in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) on later neurodevelopmental outcome in VLBW infants. The objective of this study is to examine the impact of elevated maternal distress, defined as elevated depression, anxiety and perinatal-specific post-traumatic stress, during the NICU hospitalization on VLBW infant ND outcome at 20months corrected age (CA). METHODS: This was a prospective study of 69 mothers and their VLBW infants recruited in 2011-2012...
November 8, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125997/non-suicidal-self-injury-emotional-eating-and-insomnia-after-child-sexual-abuse-are-those-symptoms-related-to-emotion-regulation
#15
Esra Demirci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to assess the effects of child sexual abuse (CSA) on emotion regulation (ER) in adolescents and to evaluate the relationships between non suicidal self-injury (NSSI), emotional eating, insomnia and emotion disregulation (ED). METHOD: Fifty two adolescents, aged 10-18 years, without who weren't diagnosed a psychiatric disease before abuse and completed 6-months of follow-up after abuse included the study. Control group consisted of 33 healthy voluntary participants without any known psychiatric disorders...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124447/psychiatric-screening-and-interventions-for-minor-refugees-in-europe-an-overview-of-approaches-and-tools
#16
Annerieke Horlings, Irma Hein
Currently hundreds of thousands of minor refugees entered Europe. This group has been exposed to traumatic events pre-, during, and post-migration and is at increased risk of developing psychiatric disorders. In this article, we describe the results of our literature search on screening and interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in minor refugees, in order to make recommendations for clinical practice. Results show that studies on diagnostic accuracy of assessment instruments and efficacy of mental healthcare interventions in this population are lacking...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123558/predictors-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-following-critical-illness-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Ceri E Battle, Karen James, Tom Bromfield, Paul Temblett
Purpose: Post-traumatic stress disorder has been reported in survivors of critical illness. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictors of post-traumatic stress disorder in survivors of critical illness. Materials and methods: Patients attending the intensive care unit (ICU) follow-up clinic completed the UK-Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome 14-Questions Inventory and data was collected from their medical records. Predictors investigated included age, gender, Apache II score, ICU length of stay, pre-illness psychopathology; delirium and benzodiazepine administration during ICU stay and delusional memories of the ICU stay following discharge...
November 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122044/psychological-and-psychosocial-interventions-for-refugee-children-resettled-in-high-income-countries
#18
M Fazel
Large numbers of refugee children are arriving in high-income countries. The evidence to date suggests that they have mental health needs that are higher than for the general population and that these are exacerbated by the numbers of traumatic events they have experienced and the post-migration stressors they continue to be exposed to. The importance of a thorough and thoughtful assessment is discussed. Treatments of note are described for post-traumatic stress disorder, family functioning, general mental health problems and school environments...
November 10, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121983/early-psychological-screening-of-intensive-care-unit-survivors-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Anna Milton, Emily Brück, Anna Schandl, Matteo Bottai, Peter Sackey
BACKGROUND: A majority of patients survive their episode of critical illness but up to 30% of patients suffer from psychological problems such as post-traumatic stress, anxiety and depression in the year after intensive care unit (ICU) stay. A method to identify discharged patients at risk for adverse psychological outcome would be helpful in the triage for ICU follow-up and could enable early intervention. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether early screening with validated questionnaires after ICU discharge can identify patients at risk for symptoms of post-traumatic stress, anxiety and depression 3 months after ICU stay...
November 9, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119956/-a-study-of-the-effective-psychotherapist-image-and-expectations-about-psychotherapy-among-the-employees-of-hazardous-occupations-policemen
#20
V A Agarkov, S A Bronfman, D Y Maltseva
BACKGRAUND: The objective of the present study was to estimate the expectations about psychotherapy in terms of social and medical rehabilitation among the employees of hazardous occupations suffering from the consequences of a psychological trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 100 subjects employed by various departments of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) were recruited to participate in the study. Their age varied from 19 to 35 (mean 25.8±3...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
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