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Post-traumatic stress disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935660/childhood-adversities-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-evidence-for-stress-sensitisation-in-the-world-mental-health-surveys
#1
Katie A McLaughlin, Karestan C Koenen, Evelyn J Bromet, Elie G Karam, Howard Liu, Maria Petukhova, Ayelet Meron Ruscio, Nancy A Sampson, Dan J Stein, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Guilherme Borges, Koen Demyttenaere, Rumyana V Dinolova, Finola Ferry, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Norito Kawakami, Sing Lee, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Marina Piazza, Beth-Ellen Pennell, José Posada-Villa, Margreet Ten Have, Maria Carmen Viana, Ronald C Kessler
BackgroundAlthough childhood adversities are known to predict increased risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after traumatic experiences, it is unclear whether this association varies by childhood adversity or traumatic experience types or by age.AimsTo examine variation in associations of childhood adversities with PTSD according to childhood adversity types, traumatic experience types and life-course stage.MethodEpidemiological data were analysed from the World Mental Health Surveys (n = 27 017)...
September 21, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935167/impact-of-lifetime-traumatic-experiences-on-suicidality-and-likelihood-of-conversion-in-a-cohort-of-individuals-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis
#2
Margaux M Grivel, Wei Leong, Michael D Masucci, Rebecca A Altschuler, Leigh Y Arndt, Samantha L Redman, Lawrence H Yang, Gary Brucato, Ragy R Girgis
Recent research suggests that trauma history (TH) is a strong socio-environmental risk factor for the development of psychosis. While reported rates of childhood trauma are higher among individuals at clinical high-risk (CHR) for psychosis than in the general population, little research has explored the effects of trauma upon the severity of attenuated positive symptoms. We aimed to explore the specific relationships between TH and baseline symptom severity; likelihood of conversion to full-blown psychosis; suicidal ideation (SI); and suicidal behavior (SB) in a cohort of 200 help-seeking CHR individuals...
September 18, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933225/inflammation-relates-to-chronic-behavioral-and-neurological-symptoms-in-military-personnel-with-traumatic-brain-injuries
#3
Christina Devoto, Lindsay Arcurio, Joseph Fetta, Mary Ley, Tamar Rodney, Rebekah Kanefsky, Jessica Gill
Studies have shown that the presence of acute inflammation during recovery is indicative of poor outcomes after a traumatic brain injury (TBI); however, the role of chronic inflammation in predicting post-TBI-related symptoms remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to compare inflammatory biomarkers (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α, interleukin [IL]-6, and IL-10) in active duty personnel who either sustained or did not sustain a TBI. Service members were also assessed for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and quality of life through self-reported measures...
July 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931486/caring-for-the-veteran-military-and-family-member-nursing-competencies-strategies-for-integrating-content-into-nursing-school-curricula
#4
Libba Reed McMillan, David Crumbley, Julie Freeman, Marilyn Rhodes, Michele Kane, Joy Napper
In the United States, one in every 15 persons is a Veteran (U. S. Department of Veterans Affairs, 2016; U. S. News & World Report, 2017). An estimated 27% of these Veterans receive healthcare through the Veteran's Health Administration (VHA), leaving 73% to seek care in civilian hospitals (Bagalman, 2014). Realistically, most nurses in the United States will care for military members, Veterans or family members in a variety of healthcare systems and settings. Nurse educators are positioned to lead efforts in providing nursing students with the knowledge necessary to provide competent care and serve as advocates for our nation's heroes...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929242/impaired-working-memory-updating-affects-memory-for-emotional-and-non-emotional-materials-the-same-way-evidence-from-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd
#5
Vahid Nejati, Mohammad Ali Salehinejad, Azam Sabayee
Due to the limited capacity of working memory (WM), efficient suppression of no longer relevant memory contents (inhibition) and revising the current contents of the memory (updating) are crucial factors in memorizing. However, not every individual is able to do so; among them are post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients who seem to have trouble forgetting trauma-related materials, making their memory overloaded with irrelevant information. The present study assumes that the inability to forget in PTSD patients is due to the impaired updating function of WM and, therefore, suggests that these individuals have inferior WM function for both emotional and unemotional materials...
September 19, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928678/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-as-a-standalone-intervention-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-mixed-traumatic-events-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study
#6
Meike Müller-Engelmann, Susanne Wünsch, Marina Volk, Regina Steil
Objectives: There is promising evidence that mindfulness-based interventions are effective in reducing the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, until now, studies have often lacked a full clinical PTSD assessment, and interventions are often administered in addition to other interventions. This study examined the feasibility of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) as a standalone intervention in patients with PTSD who have experienced mixed traumatic events. Method: Fourteen patients participated in 8 weeks of MBSR...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926979/mother-s-ipv-child-maltreatment-type-and-the-presence-of-ptsd-in-children-and-adolescents
#7
Maravillas Castro, Mavi Alcántara-López, Antonia Martínez, Visitación Fernández, Julio Sánchez-Meca, Concepción López-Soler
This correlational cross-sectional study was designed to investigate whether the intimate partner violence (IPV) suffered by mothers (physical and psychological maltreatment), child eyewitness of psychological and physical maltreatment suffered by the mother, the neglect suffered by children, and the maltreatment (physical and psychological) directly suffered by children are statistically associated to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms exhibited by the child. In addition, the prevalence of child PTSD was estimated, as well as the concordance between the PTSD symptoms assessed by the Child PTSD Symptom Scale (CPSS) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria for child PTSD...
September 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926486/comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-traumatic-brain-injury-generalization-of-prolonged-exposure-ptsd-treatment-outcomes-to-postconcussive-symptoms-cognition-and-self-efficacy-in-veterans-and-active-duty-service-members
#8
Gregory K Wolf, Gregory J Mauntel, Tracy Kretzmer, Eric Crawford, Christina Thors, Thad Q Strom, Rodney D Vanderploeg
OBJECTIVES: To examine (a) generalization of the effectiveness of prolonged exposure (PE) therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in improving postconcussive symptoms (PCSs) and other outcomes in military service members and Veterans (VA) with histories of mild to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), and (b) factors associated with PCS reduction. SETTING: VA polytrauma medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive referrals for PTSD treatment of Active Duty (n = 17) or Veterans (n = 27) diagnosed with PTSD and TBI (N = 44)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926288/effect-of-inpatient-palliative-care-during-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-on-psychological-distress-6-months-after-transplant-results-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Areej El-Jawahri, Lara Traeger, Joseph A Greer, Harry VanDusen, Sarah R Fishman, Thomas W LeBlanc, William F Pirl, Vicki A Jackson, Jason Telles, Alison Rhodes, Zhigang Li, Thomas R Spitzer, Steven McAfee, Yi-Bin A Chen, Jennifer S Temel
Purpose Inpatient palliative care integrated with transplant care improves patients' quality of life (QOL) and symptom burden during hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (HCT). We assessed patients' mood, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and QOL 6 months post-transplant. Methods We randomly assigned 160 patients with hematologic malignancies who underwent autologous or allogeneic HCT to inpatient palliative care integrated with transplant care (n = 81) or transplant care alone (n = 79). At baseline and 6 months post-transplant, we assessed mood, PTSD symptoms, and QOL with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Patient Health Questionnaire, PTSD checklist, and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplant...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925342/a-study-of-selected-ethnic-affiliations-in-the-development-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-other-psychopathology-after-a-terrorist-bombing-in-nairobi-kenya
#10
Carol S North, Tatiana Dvorkina, Samuel Thielman, Betty Pfefferbaum, Pushpa Narayanan, David E Pollio
OBJECTIVES: Despite the frequency of disasters in Africa, almost nothing is known about ethnic affiliations in relation to psychopathology after such incidents. This study examined the mental health outcomes of members of 7 major ethnic groups exposed to the 1998 terrorist bombing of the US Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Approximately 8 to 10 months after the disaster, 229 civilian employees, 99 locally engaged staff workers of the US State Department and the US Agency for International Development, and 64 workers of the Kenyan Red Cross Society (total N=392) were assessed with the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition)...
September 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923189/gender-differences-in-sleep-disorders-in-the-us-military
#11
Shannon N Foster, Shana L Hansen, Dale C Capener, Panagiotis Matsangas, Vincent Mysliwiec
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to compare sleep disorders between male and female military personnel. Comorbid behavioral health disorders and chronic pain were also studied in relation to sleep disorders. DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective review of military personnel who underwent a sleep medicine evaluation and an in-laboratory attended polysomnography. Initial sleep questionnaires, demographics, polysomnographic variables, and comorbid disorders of interest were reviewed and compared for each sex...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920179/review-of-virtual-reality-treatment-in-psychiatry-evidence-versus-current-diffusion-and-use
#12
REVIEW
Matthew C Mishkind, Aaron M Norr, Andrea C Katz, Greg M Reger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an overview of the current evidence base for and clinical applications of the use of virtual reality (VR) in psychiatric practice, in context of recent technological developments. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of VR in psychiatric practice shows promise with much of the research demonstrating clinical effectiveness for conditions including post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and phobias, chronic pain, rehabilitation, and addictions...
September 18, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917187/trajectories-of-post-traumatic-stress-and-externalizing-psychopathology-among-maltreated-foster-care-youth-a-parallel-process-latent-growth-curve-model
#13
Gia Elise Barboza, Silvia Dominguez, Jyda Pinder
Few longitudinal studies have analyzed how violence exposure (e.g. child maltreatment, witnessing community violence) influence both externalizing and Post-Traumatic Stress (PTS) symptoms among children in foster care. Data from three waves of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (1999-2007) (NSCAW; National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect, 2002) were analyzed to investigate the change trajectories of both externalizing and PTS symptomatology among children with a substantiated report of child maltreatment by Child Protective Services (CPS) between October 1999 and December 2000...
September 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917088/depression-anxiety-ptsd-and-comorbidity-in-perinatal-women-in-turkey-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#14
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
OBJECTIVE: (a) to assess prevalence of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and their comorbidity among women during the perinatal period (b) to examine course of those disorders from pregnancy to 6 months postpartum (c) to determine the rates of new-onset cases at 4-6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. DESIGN: A longitudinal population-based study in which participants completed psychosocial measures of depression, anxiety and PTSD in pregnancy (n = 950), 4-6 weeks (n = 858) and 6 months (n = 829) after birth...
September 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916628/the-impact-of-threat-of-shock-induced-anxiety-on-memory-encoding-and-retrieval
#15
Sorcha Bolton, Oliver J Robinson
Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health disorders, and daily transient feelings of anxiety (or "stress") are ubiquitous. However, the precise impact of both transient and pathological anxiety on higher-order cognitive functions, including short- and long-term memory, is poorly understood. A clearer understanding of the anxiety-memory relationship is important as one of the core symptoms of anxiety, most prominently in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), is intrusive reexperiencing of traumatic events in the form of vivid memories...
October 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914809/perception-of-radiation-risk-as-a-predictor-of-mid-term-mental-health-after-a-nuclear-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#16
Itaru Miura, Masato Nagai, Masaharu Maeda, Mayumi Harigane, Senta Fujii, Misari Oe, Hirooki Yabe, Yuriko Suzuki, Hideto Takahashi, Tetsuya Ohira, Seiji Yasumura, Masafumi Abe
Predictive factors including risk perception for mid-term mental health after a nuclear disaster remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between perceived radiation risk and other factors at baseline and mid-term mental health after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster of 2011 in Japan. A mail-based questionnaire survey was conducted in January 2012 and January 2013. Mental health status was assessed using the K6 scale. Psychological distress over the 2-year period was categorized into the following four groups: chronic, recovered, resistant, or worsened...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913926/dangers-on-the-road-a-longitudinal-examination-of-passenger-initiated-violence-against-bus-drivers
#17
Biru Zhou, Richard Boyer, Stéphane Guay
This study examined the impact of workplace violence against 109 bus drivers over a 1-year span. Workplace violence is related to both psychological and work-related consequences. Our findings showed that bus drivers experienced a wide range of violence at work and the psychological consequences were devastating: Half of the participants met the diagnostic criteria for acute stress disorder within the first month following the index event. Majority of them experienced at least moderate levels of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) problems over the 1-year span...
September 15, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913894/veteran-treatment-courts-a-promising-solution
#18
Ashok Paparao Yerramsetti, Daniel David Simons, Loretta Coonan, Andrea Stolar
The high prevalence of substance use, traumatic brain injury, post-traumatic stress disorder, and other mental illness in the veteran population presents unique public health and social justice challenges. Veteran involvement in the justice system has been identified as a national concern. Criminal justice involvement compounds pre-existing socioeconomic stressors and further strains support systems. The point of contact with the criminal justice system, however, presents an opportunity to establish mental health treatment...
September 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913713/ethnic-groups-differ-in-how-poor-self-rated-mental-health-reflects-psychiatric-disorders
#19
Shervin Assari
AIM: This study aimed to explore cross-ethnic variation in the pattern of the associations between psychiatric disorders and self-rated mental health (SRMH) in the USA. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003, a national household probability sample. The study enrolled 18,237 individuals who were either Non-Hispanic White (n = 7587), African American (n = 4746), Mexican (n = 1442), Cuban (n = 577), Puerto Rican (n = 495), Other Hispanic (n = 1106), Vietnamese (n = 520), Filipino (n = 508), Chinese (n = 600) or Other Asian (n = 656)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913683/an-evidence-map-of-the-women-veterans-health-research-literature-2008-2015
#20
Elisheva R Danan, Erin E Krebs, Kristine Ensrud, Eva Koeller, Roderick MacDonald, Tina Velasquez, Nancy Greer, Timothy J Wilt
BACKGROUND: Women comprise a growing proportion of Veterans seeking care at Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare facilities. VA initiatives have accelerated changes in services for female Veterans, yet the corresponding literature has not been systematically reviewed since 2008. In 2015, VA Women's Health Services and the VA Women's Health Research Network requested an updated literature review to facilitate policy and research planning. METHODS: The Minneapolis VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program performed a systematic search of research related to female Veterans' health published from 2008 through 2015...
September 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
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