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uric acid acute coronary syndrome

Adil Hassan Alhusseiny, Marwan S M Al-Nimer, Farook I Mohammad, Saad Ahmed Ali Jadoo
BACKGROUND: Serum annexin A5 (anxA5) level is significantly increased in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Hematological indices are significantly increased in patients with ischemic heart disease. This study aimed to demonstrate the changes in the distribution of blood cells and the levels of anxA5 in patients presented with significant low ejection fraction ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) in comparison with corresponding patients with ischemic heart disease. METHODS: Patients with low ejection fraction presenting at Hospital of Diyala University of Iraq were enrolled...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Kensuke Matsushita, Kiyoshi Hibi, Naohiro Komura, Eiichi Akiyama, Nobuhiko Maejima, Noriaki Iwahashi, Kengo Tsukahara, Masami Kosuge, Toshiaki Ebina, Shinichi Sumita, Satoshi Umemura, Kazuo Kimura
BACKGROUND: There is no information on differences in the effects of moderate- and low-intensity statins on coronary plaque in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The aim of this study was to compare the effects of 4 different statins in patients with ACS, using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 118 patients with ACS who underwent IVUS before percutaneous coronary intervention and who were found to have mild to moderate non-culprit coronary plaques were randomly assigned to receive either 20 mg/day atorvastatin or 4 mg/day pitavastatin (moderate-intensity statin therapy), or 10 mg/day pravastatin or 30 mg/day fluvastatin (low-intensity statin therapy)...
June 24, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
M Nardin, M Verdoia, P Pergolini, R Rolla, L Barbieri, A Schaffer, P Marino, G Bellomo, H Suryapranata, G De Luca
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: New antithrombotic therapies have significantly improved the outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), where the introduction of ticagrelor has provided the greatest mortality benefits. However, ticagrelor treatment has been associated with a potential increase in the serum uric acid (SUA) levels, which may influence endothelial dysfunction and prothrombotic status, thereby affecting the risk of acute cardiovascular events in patients requiring dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT)...
July 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Gaoliang Yan, Wenjie Kong, Dong Wang, Yong Qiao, Xiang Sha, Tianyu Cheng, Hairong Zhang, Jiantong Hou, Chengchun Tang, Genshan Ma
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of plasma homocysteinemia(Hcy) on contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. METHODS: Consecutive 684 ACS patients undergoing first PCI in our department between January 2013 and December 2014 were prospectively enrolled.Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the pre-procedural plasma Hcy level: high-Hcy group (Hcy≥10 μmol/L, n=404) and control group (Hcy<10 μmol/L, n=280)...
January 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Peng-Fei Chen, Dan-Ning Wang, Kan Chen, Chun Liang, Yu-Sheng Reng, Jing Yang, Ru Ding, Jacob Blackwell, De-Ning Liao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical and perioperative characteristics of patients ≥ 75 who undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and to evaluate the risk factors related to short-term post-PCI mortality in this specific patients group. METHODS: 1,035 consecutive subjects who underwent PCI from December 2011 to November 2013 were divided into four categories: (1) patients with stable angina (SA) ≥ 75 years (n = 58); (2) patients with SA < 75 years (n = 218); (3) patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) ≥ 75 years (n = 155); (4) patients with ACS < 75 years (n = 604)...
November 2015: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
L-H Hu, L-J Zhang, Z-T Jin, W Yang, L-N Zhang, C-Y Lu
This study aimed to investigate the effect of chronic kidney dysfunction (CKD) on the clinical characteristics of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and the degree of coronary arterial stenosis. The study enrolled 368 patients with ACS who underwent coronary angiography. Blood glucose, glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), uric acid (UA), and serum creatinine were examined randomly, and the severity of coronary artery lesions was assessed using the Gensini score...
September 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
Victor L Serebruany, Ales Tomek, Alex N Pokov, Moo Hyun Kim
The optimal utilization of antiplatelet therapy in patients with renal impairment (RI) following acute coronary syndromes (ACS) represents an urgent, unmet and yet unsolved need with regards to the choice of agents, duration of treatment and potential dose/regimen adjustment. The lack of any large randomized trials designed and powered specifically in such high-risk patients, absence of the uniformed efficacy and safety data reporting policy to the FDA and endless overoptimistic publications based on post hoc analyses of primary trials sometimes exaggerating benefits and hiding risks, clouds reality...
December 2015: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Lütfü Aşkın, Şule Karakelleoğlu, Hüsnü Değirmenci, Selami Demirelli, Ziya Şimşek, Muhammed Hakan Taş, Selim Topçu, Zakir Lazoğlu
OBJECTIVE: Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and uric acid levels measured in patients with acute coronary syndrome without ST segment elevation (NSTEMI) are important in diagnosis and in predicting the prognosis of the disease. There is a limited number of clinical studies investigating the effects of beta-blockers on GGT and uric acid levels in these patients. In our study, we aimed to investigate the effects of beta-blocker therapy on GGT and uric acid levels. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, prospective clinical study...
January 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Yuichi Saito, Takashi Nakayama, Kazumasa Sugimoto, Yoshihide Fujimoto, Yoshio Kobayashi
Elevated serum uric acid (SUA) level is known to be a prognostic factor in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the pathogenesis of the relation between SUA level and coronary plaque characteristics has not been fully evaluated. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between SUA level and plaque composition of nonculprit lesions in patients with ACS. A total of 81 patients with ACS who underwent intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention were included...
November 1, 2015: American Journal of Cardiology
Mohammed A Alessa, Ann Kathryn Craig, James M Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Rasburicase is a recombinant urate oxidase enzyme that converts uric acid to allantoin (an inactive and soluble metabolite that is readily excreted in urine). It is used for the management of tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Although rasburicase is a generally safe and effective treatment, it can be associated with the rare and potentially severe complication of methemoglobinemia. Here, we report a case of rasburicase-induced methemoglobinemia in a patient who was diagnosed with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma...
2015: American Journal of Case Reports
Emina Spahić, Sabaheta Hasić, Emina Kiseljaković, Halima Resić, Mehmed Kulić
AIM: To assess serum levels and correlation between uric acid (UA) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and apparently healthy individuals. METHODS: The cross-sectional study included 116 examinees of age 44 to 83 years, distributed in two groups: 80 ACS patients including 40 with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and 40 with unstable angina pectoris (UAP), and 36 apparently healthy (control group) individuals. Patients with ACS were hospitalized at the Cardiology Clinic, Clinical Centre Sarajevo in the period October- December 2012...
August 2015: Medicinski Glasnik
Masayuki Kawabe, Akira Sato, Tomoya Hoshi, Shunsuke Sakai, Daigo Hiraya, Hiroaki Watabe, Yuki Kakefuda, Mayu Ishibashi, Daisuke Abe, Noriyuki Takeyasu, Kazutaka Aonuma
BACKGROUND: Increased levels of uric acid (UA) have been associated with cardiovascular disease. This association is generally stronger in women than men. However, gender differences in the prognostic value of UA in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are unknown. We investigated gender differences in the relationship between UA level and the prognosis in patients with ACS. METHOD: This was an observational analysis of patients with ACS undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention enrolled in the Ibaraki Cardiac Assessment Study (ICAS) registry...
February 2016: Journal of Cardiology
Aslı Tanındı, Aycan Fahri Erkan, Aslıhan Alhan, Hasan Fehmi Töre
OBJECTIVE: Total bilirubin (TB) was recently recognized as an endogenous anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant molecule. Uric acid (UA) takes part in cardiovascular diseases by inducing oxidative stress, inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction. We assessed the relationship between serum TB levels, serum UA levels, and inflammatory status assessed by neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (N/L) and arterial stiffness and arterial wave reflection in patients with a clinical diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD)...
May 2015: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Servet Altay, Altan Onat, Fatma Özpamuk-Karadeniz, Yusuf Karadeniz, Tuğba Kemaloğlu-Öz, Günay Can
BACKGROUND: The definition of glomerular hyperfiltration has not been agreed upon and the pathophysiological mechanisms have not been well explored. Low serum creatinine concentrations may be associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) or cardiopulmonary events the impact of which needs further study. METHODS: Consecutive applicants to a cardiovascular hospital free of moderate/severe chronic kidney disease (age 55.6 ± 8.2 years) were grouped into those without ("healthy", n = 469) and with CHD (320 stable and acute coronary syndrome cases) at baseline and into sex-specific quartiles of CKD-EPI equation-estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)...
2014: BMC Nephrology
Alparslan Kurtul, Mikail Yarlioglues, Sani Namik Murat, İbrahim Etem Celik, Muhammed Bora Demircelik, Adil Hakan Ocek, Mustafa Duran, Gokhan Ergun, Mustafa Cetin, Ender Ornek
Chronic total occlusion (CTO) in a noninfarct-related artery (non-IRA) is an independent predictor of mortality in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Mean platelet volume (MPV) and serum uric acid (SUA) are associated with cardiovascular events in ACS. We investigated the relationship between the presence of non-IRA-CTO with MPV and SUA levels in patients with ACS. Patients (n = 1024) who underwent urgent coronary angiography for ACS were included in this study. Blood samples were drawn on admission. Patients were categorized into 2 groups: non-IRA-CTO (-) and non-IRA-CTO (+)...
July 2015: Angiology
G Michels, A C Bunck, R Pfister
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2014: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Thomas Paul Jack Wolfenden, Jenny Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: BMJ Case Reports
Irfan Sahin, Ahmet Karabulut, Ilhan Iker Avci, Ertugrul Okuyan, Halil I Biter, Suleyman S Yildiz, Mehmet M Can, Baris Gungor, Mustafa Dinckal, Victor Serebruany
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) accounts for 10% of hospital-acquired renal failure, causes a prolonged in-hospital stay and represents a powerful predictor of poor clinical outcome. The underlying mechanism of the CIN development remains unclear and seems to be multifactorial. The potential link between platelet indices such as mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) with CIN is unknown. Herein, we aimed to investigate the correlation between MPV and PDW levels with the development of CIN...
April 2015: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
Ahmet Karabulut, Irfan Sahin, Ilhan Ilker Avci, Ertugrul Okuyan, Zeki Dogan, Bulent Uzunlar, Mahmut Cakmak, Muhammet Gurdogan
BACKGROUND: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) accounts for 10% of all causes of hospital-acquired renal failure. It leadsto a prolonged in-hospital stay, and represents a powerful predictor of poor early and late outcomes. More than half of casesare observed after cardiovascular procedures. AIM: To determine the predictive value of the serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level in the development of CIN, something which has not been assessed before. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated a total of 430 patients with acute coronary syndrome...
2014: Kardiologia Polska
Leping Zhao, Fan Wu, Leigang Jin, Tingting Lu, Lihui Yang, Xuebo Pan, Chuanfeng Shao, Xiaokun Li, Zhuofeng Lin
BACKGROUND: Soluble C-X-C chemokine ligand 16 (CXCL16), a scavenger receptor for oxidized low density lipoprotein, has been shown to promote atherogenic effects in vivo and to predict long-term mortality in acute coronary syndrome. The aim of this study was to explore the association of circulating CXCL16 levels with diabetic subjects with and without renal disease. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: One hundred twenty Chinese subjects, which included patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), diabetic nephropathy (DN), and CKD, as well as healthy controls, were enrolled in this study...
2014: PloS One
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