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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909164/rapid-and-sustained-symptom-reduction-following-psilocybin-treatment-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-life-threatening-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Stephen Ross, Anthony Bossis, Jeffrey Guss, Gabrielle Agin-Liebes, Tara Malone, Barry Cohen, Sarah E Mennenga, Alexander Belser, Krystallia Kalliontzi, James Babb, Zhe Su, Patricia Corby, Brian L Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Clinically significant anxiety and depression are common in patients with cancer, and are associated with poor psychiatric and medical outcomes. Historical and recent research suggests a role for psilocybin to treat cancer-related anxiety and depression. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial, 29 patients with cancer-related anxiety and depression were randomly assigned and received treatment with single-dose psilocybin (0...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897312/the-feasibility-of-micro-ultrasound-as-a-tool-to-image-peripheral-nerves
#2
A Chandra, R Eisma, P Felts, S Munirama, G A Corner, C E M Demore, G McLeod
Despite widespread use of ultrasound imaging to guide needle placement, the incidence of transient and permanent nerve damage as a complication of regional anaesthesia has not changed over the last decade. In view of the controversy surrounding intraneural injection there is a need to understand the structural changes caused by subepineural and subperineural needle penetration. Clinical ultrasound machines do not provide adequate anatomical resolution, and anaesthetists have difficulty judging the precise location of the needle tip relative to the epineurium...
November 29, 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884039/clarifying-the-links-of-conscientiousness-with-internalizing-and-externalizing-psychopathology
#3
Kristin Naragon-Gainey, Leonard J Simms
OBJECTIVE: Although conscientiousness/disinhibition plays a substantial role in internalizing and externalizing psychopathology, the underlying mechanisms are not well-understood. We aim to clarify facet-level associations, and to examine whether (a) impairment mediates the link of conscientiousness with internalizing and externalizing symptoms, and (b) demoralization (assessed via neuroticism) accounts for their associations. METHOD: 450 participants (Mage =42; primarily female and Caucasian) who reported current/recent psychiatric treatment completed two measures of domain and facet-level traits (i...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884006/current-psychosomatic-practice
#4
Giovanni A Fava, Fiammetta Cosci, Nicoletta Sonino
Psychosomatic research has advanced over the past decades in dealing with complex biopsychosocial phenomena and may provide new effective modalities of patient care. Among psychosocial variables affecting individual vulnerability, course, and outcome of any medical disease, the role of chronic stress (allostatic load/overload) has emerged as a crucial factor. Assessment strategies include the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research. They are presented here in an updated version based on insights derived from studies carried out so far and encompass allostatic overload, type A behavior, alexithymia, the spectrum of maladaptive illness behavior, demoralization, irritable mood, and somatic symptoms secondary to a psychiatric disorder...
November 25, 2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878884/development-of-the-chinese-version-of-meaning-in-life-scale-for-cancer-patients-and-psychometric-evaluation
#5
Hao-Zhi Xia, Lei Gao, Yang Wang, Hui Song, Bao-Xin Shi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To develop a meaning in life scale for cancer patients in Chinese version and to test the validity and reliability. BACKGROUND: Meaning in life is a protective factor of psychological well-being and is negatively related to depression and demoralization among cancer patients. The existing scales measuring meaning in life are mostly designed in English and there is no scale designed for Chinese cancer patients based on Chinese cultural background...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854104/new-practical-approaches-to-chemotherapy-induced-neuropathic-pain-prevention-assessment-and-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Neil Majithia, Charles L Loprinzi, Thomas J Smith
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is one of the most disabling and demoralizing problems that arise for cancer survivors. When investigating symptoms of numbness, tingling, or pain in the extremities, it is critical to determine whether the problem is neuropathic, somatic, or mixed. If the diagnosis is CIPN, it is important to weigh the potential benefits and harms of possible treatment options, and to devise an evidence-based multimodality treatment program. Such programs may include mixtures of opioid and nonopioid adjunctive medications, based on evidence from CIPN trials, and also extrapolation from trials in patients with other neuropathic pain syndromes-although such extrapolating must be done with caution, since other syndromes sometimes respond to agents that CIPN does not respond to...
November 15, 2016: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824872/good-psychometric-properties-of-the-addiction-version-of-the-revised-illness-perception-questionnaire-for-health-care-professionals
#7
Astri Parawita Ayu, Boukje Dijkstra, Milou Golbach, Cor De Jong, Arnt Schellekens
BACKGROUND: Addiction, or substance dependence, is nowadays considered a chronic relapsing condition. However, perceptions of addiction vary widely, also among healthcare professionals. Perceptions of addiction are thought to contribute to attitude and stigma towards patients with addiction. However, studies into perceptions of addiction among healthcare professionals are limited and instruments for reliable assessment of their perceptions are lacking. The Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ) is widely used to evaluate perceptions of illness...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810569/dignity-and-psychosocial-related-variables-in-advanced-and-non-advanced-cancer-patients-by-using-the-patient-dignity-inventory-italian-version-pdi-it
#8
Luigi Grassi, Anna Costantini, Rosangela Caruso, Serena Brunetti, Paolo Marchetti, Silvana Sabato, Maria Giulia Nanni
CONTEXT: The Patient Dignity Inventory (PDI) is a valid and reliable instrument to measure dignity, as a state of physical, mental, social and spiritual wellbeing in palliative care patients and an essential dimension for a comprehensive patient-centered approach OBJECTIVES: We examined the factor structure and the correlation of the Italian version of the PDI (PDI-IT) with psychosocial variables among advanced and non-advanced cancer outpatients in two Italian centers. METHODS: In a sample of 194 patients principal component analysis, reliability analysis (Cronbach's coefficient alpha), and correlation analysis of the PDI-IT were performed...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771315/associations-between-psychological-test-results-and-failure-to-proceed-with-bariatric-surgery
#9
Ryan J Marek, Anthony M Tarescavage, Yossef S Ben-Porath, Kathleen Ashton, Leslie J Heinberg, Julie Merrell Rish
BACKGROUND: The reasons why some patients who begin the presurgical process for bariatric surgery fail to complete the procedure are understudied. Previous research implies that psychological factors play a role. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether scores from baseline psychological testing incrementally predict failure to proceed with bariatric surgery beyond demographic information in patients' medical charts and data derived from a clinical interview. SETTING: Cleveland Clinic Bariatric and Metabolic Institute...
September 16, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744017/the-relationship-between-poor-quality-of-life-and-desire-to-hasten-death-a-multiple-mediation-model-examining-the-contributions-of-depression-demoralization-loss-of-control-and-low-self-worth
#10
Sophie Robinson, David W Kissane, Joanne Brooker, Courtney Hempton, Susan Burney
CONTEXT: The risk of suicide is elevated in palliative care patients compared to the general population. Various psychological factors, including depression, demoralization, loss of control, and low self-worth have been associated with a desire to hasten death. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether depression, demoralization, loss of control, and low self-worth mediated the relationship between global quality of life and desire to hasten death...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661139/mapping-the-mmpi-2-rf-substantive-scales-onto-internalizing-externalizing-and-thought-dysfunction-dimensions-in-a-forensic-inpatient-setting
#11
Isabella E Romero, Nasreen Toorabally, Danielle Burchett, Anthony M Tarescavage, David M Glassmire
Contemporary models of psychopathology-encompassing internalizing, externalizing, and thought dysfunction factors-have gained significant support. Although research indicates the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008 /2011) measures these domains of psychopathology, this study addresses extant limitations in MMPI-2-RF diagnostic validity research by examining associations between all MMPI-2-RF substantive scales and broad dichotomous indicators of internalizing, externalizing, and thought dysfunction diagnoses in a sample of 1,110 forensic inpatients...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529559/secondary-traumatization-in-vietnam-veterans-families
#12
Thomas J Yager, Nicole Gerszberg, Bruce P Dohrenwend
This research focused on secondary traumatization of wives and offspring of 115 male Vietnam veterans, a subsample from the National Vietnam Veterans Readjustment Study who had one or more children aged 6 to 16 years and had had a clinical interview. Traumatization was defined as meeting criteria for lifetime war-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Secondary traumatization was operationalized by elevated scores on children's internalizing or externalizing behavior problems and on wives' demoralization...
August 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495396/-not-available
#13
A Charmillon, E Novy, N Agrinier, M Leone, A Kimmoun, B Levy, B Demoré, J Dellamonica, C Pulcini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466692/pilot-study-of-intensive-exercise-on-endurance-advanced-mobility-and-gait-speed-in-adults-with-chronic-severe-acquired-brain-injury
#14
Ann L Charrette, Laura S Lorenz, Jeffrey Fong, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Karen Lamson, Michelle Demore-Taber, Ross Lilley
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Effects of high-intensity exercise on endurance, mobility and gait speed of adults with chronic moderate-to-severe acquired brain injury (ABI) were investigated. It was hypothesized that intensive exercise would be associated with improvements in impairment and activity limitation measures. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen adults with chronic ABI in supported independent living who could stand with minimal or no assist and walk with or without ambulation device were studied...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417599/demoralization-patient-activation-and-the-outcome-of-spine-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Andrew R Block
It is now well established that psychosocial factors can adversely impact the outcome of spine surgery. This article discusses in detail one such recently-identified "risk" factor: demoralization. Several studies conducted by the author indicate that demoralization, an emotional construct distinct from depression, is associated with poorer pain reduction, less functional improvement and decreased satisfaction among spine surgery patients. However, there are indications that the adverse impact of risk factors such as demoralization can be mitigated by psychosocial "maximizing" factors-characteristics that propel the patient towards positive surgical results...
2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27332780/examining-current-conceptualizations-of-psychopathology-with-the-mmpi-2-mmpi-2-rf-restructured-clinical-scales-preliminary-findings-from-a-cross-cultural-study
#16
Eleanor Shkalim, Moshe Almagor, Yossef S Ben-Porath
Watson ( 2005 ) proposed a hierarchical reorganization of the underlying structure of emotional disorders. This study cross-culturally evaluated Watson's (2005) structure of mood and anxiety disorders, using mainly dichotomous criteria, and explored the placement of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in this model. It also tested Sellbom, Ben-Porath, and Bagby's (2008) proposed elaboration of the 2-factor model (positive and negative activation) that incorporates a higher order dimension of demoralization...
June 22, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316556/unhealthy-behaviour-modification-psychological-distress-and-1-year-survival-in-cardiac-rehabilitation
#17
Sara Gostoli, Renzo Roncuzzi, Stefano Urbinati, Donald E Morisky, Chiara Rafanelli
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is considered the recommended secondary prevention treatment for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), in terms of health behaviours and, secondarily, better cardiac outcomes promotion. However, the role of psychiatric and psychosomatic distress on the efficacy of CR is unclear. This research aimed to evaluate the impact of CR on unhealthy behaviour modification and cardiac course, considering the moderating role of depression, anxiety, and psychosomatic syndromes...
June 18, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27283722/discriminating-the-presence-of-psychological-distress-in-patients-suffering-from-psoriasis-an-application-of-the-clinimetric-approach-in-dermatology
#18
Emanuela Offidani, Donatella Del Basso, Francesca Prignago, Elena Tomba
Psoriasis is a chronic dermatologic disease that negatively impacts physical and mental health of patients as well as their social and work life. The aim of this study is to illustrate, by a clinimetric approach the differences in psychological distress and well-being between patients with mild and moderate to severe psoriasis. Seventy patients with psoriasis were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I), the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research (DCPR), along with the following self-report instruments: the Symptoms Questionnaire (SQ), the Psychological Well-being scales (PWB) and the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)...
August 23, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27276996/out-of-school-and-into-distress-families-of-young-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-in-transition
#19
Katherine McKenzie, Hélène Ouellette-Kuntz, Ashleigh Blinkhorn, Ashley Démoré
BACKGROUND: The transition period out of the educational system can be a source of stress for parents of young adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities, as families lose the support and respite offered by schools. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a before and after design nested within a 24-month follow-up study of parents seeking adult developmental services for their children, parents' perception of distress was measured using the Brief Family Distress Scale (Journal of Child and Family Studies, 20, 2011, 521) and their perception of helpfulness of formal supports was assessed using the Family Support Scale (Journal of Individual, Family, and Community Wellness, 1, 1984, 45)...
June 9, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27218219/comparing-self-stigma-between-people-with-different-mental-disorders-in-taiwan
#20
Chih-Cheng Chang, Tsung-Hsien Wu, Chih-Yin Chen, Chung-Ying Lin
Internalized stigma (or self-stigma), one of the most painful effects of stigma, causes people with mental health problems profound negative consequences, for example, psychological adversity, demoralization, and feelings of hopelessness. However, knowledge about self-stigma in people with different mental disorders is insufficient. We hypothesized that people with different psychiatric diagnoses have different levels of self-stigma. Through convenience sampling, we used the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale to compare people diagnosed with schizophrenia (n = 161), depressive disorder (n = 98), bipolar disorder (n = 43), and anxiety disorder (n = 45) in southern Taiwan...
July 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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