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Hypoxia inducible factor

He Xiaoyu, Yin Yiru, Shi Shuisheng, Cheng Keyan, Yan Zixing, Cheng Shanglin, Wang Yuan, Cheng Dongming, Zhang Wangliang, Bai Xudong, Ma Jie
OBJECTIVES: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is a highly prevalent cancer withpoor survival rate and prognosis. Increasing evidence suggests an important role for metabolic regulation in treating esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. The pyruvate kinase M2 isoform is a key enzyme in the energy production process, and the upregulation of pyruvate kinase M2 isoform also plays a crucial role in gene transcription and tumorigenesis. The mammalian target of rapamycin pathway regulates an array of cellular functions, including protein synthesis, metabolism, and cell proliferation...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Rama Jayaraj, Chellan Kumarasamy, Madhav Madurantakam Royam, Arikketh Devi, Siddharta Baxi
The study performed by Zhou et al. (World J Surg Oncol 15:104, 2017) titled "Clinical and prognostic significance of HIF-1α overexpression in oral squamous cell carcinoma: a meta-analysis" attempts to highlight hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha as a possible prognostic marker in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We would like to underline a few points which may affect such a conclusion. The correlations between HIF-1α expression and tumour size as well as tumour stage are debatable. Further, the subgroup analysis incorporating Australia and Europe into a single subgroup limits the viability of the prognostic analysis of HIF-1α...
June 18, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Anding Liu, Wei Dong, Jing Peng, Olaf Dirsch, Uta Dahmen, Haoshu Fang, Cuntai Zhang, Jian Sun
Growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) has been implicated in a variety of aging conditions and the regulation of organ regeneration after injury; however, the role of GDF11 in liver ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) is unknown. The aim of the current study was to investigate the possible role of GDF11 in liver IRI. We investigated the effects of GDF11 in liver IRI in both young (3 mo) and old (22 mo) mice in vivo, and in primary young and old mouse hepatocytes in vitro. Both serum and hepatic GDF11 protein expression levels increased with age and after IRI...
April 17, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Ingrit Hamann, Daniel Krys, Darryl Glubrecht, Vincent Bouvet, Alison Marshall, Larissa Vos, John R Mackey, Melinda Wuest, Frank Wuest
Elevated growth in breast cancer (BC) activates hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF1α) and downstream, facilitative glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1), which can be visualized with 2-deoxy-2-[18 F]fluoro-d-glucose ([18 F]FDG). GLUT5 (fructose) and GLUT2 (glucose/fructose) might provide alternative targets for BC imaging as to why effects of hypoxia on GLUT1/2/5 levels and function were examined in human BC models. GLUT1/2/5 and HIF1α mRNA was analyzed in BC patient biopsies. In MCF10A, MCF7, and MDA-MB231 cells, [18 F]FDG, 6-deoxy-6-[18 F]fluoro-d-fructose (6-[18 F]FDF) and [18 F]-fluoroazomycin arabinoside were used in radiotracer experiments, whereas GLUT1/2/5 mRNA was analyzed with real-time PCR and protein levels determined via Western blot/immunohistochemistry...
April 13, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
María J Rubio-Cabetas, Clara Pons, Beatriz Bielsa, María L Amador, Cristina Marti, Antonio Granell
Analysis of the transcriptomic changes produced in response to hypoxia in root tissues from two rootstock Prunus genotypes differing in their sensitivity to waterlogging: resistant Myrobalan 'P.2175' (P. cerasifera Erhr.), and sensitive 'Felinem' hybrid [P. amygdalus Batsch × P. persica (L.) Batsch] revealed alterations in both metabolism and regulatory processes. Early hypoxia response in both genotypes is characterized by a molecular program aimed to adapt the cell metabolism to the new conditions. Upon hypoxia conditions, tolerant Myrobalan represses first secondary metabolism gene expression as a strategy to prevent the waste of resources/energy, and by the up-regulation of protein degradation genes probably leading to structural adaptations to long-term response to hypoxia...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Leona Matsumoto, Yasushi Hirota, Tomoko Saito-Fujita, Norihiko Takeda, Tomoki Tanaka, Takehiro Hiraoka, Shun Akaeda, Hidetoshi Fujita, Ryoko Shimizu-Hirota, Shota Igaue, Mitsunori Matsuo, Hirofumi Haraguchi, Mayuko Saito-Kanatani, Tomoyuki Fujii, Yutaka Osuga
Although it has been reported that hypoxia inducible factor 2 α (Hif2a), a major transcriptional factor inducible by low oxygen tension, is expressed in the mouse uterus during embryo implantation, its role in pregnancy outcomes remains unclear. This study aimed to clarify functions of uterine HIF using transgenic mouse models. Mice with deletion of Hif2a in the whole uterus (Hif2a-uKO mice) showed infertility due to implantation failure. Supplementation with progesterone (P4) and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) restored decidual growth arrest and aberrant position of implantation sites in Hif2a-uKO mice, respectively, but did not rescue pregnancy failure...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Sotirios G Papageorgiou, Marios A Diamantopoulos, Christos K Kontos, Anthi Bouchla, Diamantina Vasilatou, Efthymia Bazani, Andreas Scorilas, Vasiliki Pappa
MicroRNA-92a-3p (miR-92a-3p) is a member of the miR-17/92 cluster and the cancer-related miR-92 family. miR-92a-3p regulates important transcription factors such as hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF1) and inhibits SOCS1 to enhance the anti-apoptotic STAT3/IL6 signaling route. In this study, we examined the putative prognostic value of miR-92a-3p in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Total RNA, which was isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) collected from 88 CLL patients and 36 non-leukemic blood donors, was polyadenylated and reverse-transcribed...
June 18, 2018: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Takeshi Hasegawa, Fumihiko Koiwa, Tadao Akizawa
Renal anemia is a serious and common complication in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The introduction of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) has dramatically improved hemoglobin levels and outcomes. Several interventional studies reported that excessive correction of anemia and the massive use of ESA can trigger cardiovascular disease (CVD), and consequently may worsen the prognosis of patients undergoing HD. Therefore, it has been widely recognized that large doses of ESA should be used with caution. An effective use of iron preparations is required to yield the optimal effect of ESA...
June 17, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
Li Liu, Xiaoyan Wu, Huihui Xu, Liming Yu, Xinjian Zhang, Luyang Li, Jianliang Jin, Tao Zhang, Yong Xu
A host of pathogenic factors induce acute kidney injury (AKI) leading to insufficiencies of renal function. In the present study we evaluated the role of myocardin-related transcription factor A (MRTF-A) in the pathogenesis of AKI. We report that systemic deletion of MRTF-A or inhibition of MRTF-A activity with CCG-1423 significantly attenuated AKI in mice induced by either ischemia-reperfusion or LPS injection. Of note, MRTF-A deficiency or suppression resulted in diminished renal ROS production in AKI models with down-regulation of NAPDH oxdiase 1 (NOX1) and NOX4 expression...
June 14, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Eleni-Anastasia Triantafyllou, Eleni Georgatsou, Ilias Mylonis, George Simos, Efrosyni Paraskeva
Hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) supports survival of normal cells under low oxygen concentration and cancer cells in the hypoxic tumor microenvironment. This involves metabolic reprogramming via upregulation of glycolysis, downregulation of oxidative phosphorylation and, less well documented, effects on lipid metabolism. To investigate the latter, we examined expression of relevant enzymes in cancer cells grown under hypoxia. We show that expression of acylglycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 2 (AGPAT2), also known as lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase β (LPAATβ), was upregulated under hypoxia and this was impaired by siRNA-mediated knockdown of HIF-1α...
June 14, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Ichitaro Abe, Yasushi Teshima, Hidekazu Kondo, Haruka Kaku, Shintaro Kira, Yuki Ikebe, Shotaro Saito, Akira Fukui, Tetsuji Shinohara, Kunio Yufu, Mikiko Nakagawa, Naoki Hijiya, Masatsugu Moriyama, Tatsuo Shimada, Shinji Miyamoto, Naohiko Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF), but the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: Using human left atrial appendage (LAA) samples, we examined the interactive relationship between the EAT profile and atrial myocardial fibrosis through histological and biochemical analyses. METHODS: LAA samples were obtained from 59 consecutive AF patients during cardiovascular surgery...
June 13, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Ulrike G Glaser, Joachim Fandrey
Hypoxia due to rapid tumor growth with impaired neovascularization and inflammation resulting from immune cell activation are hallmarks of cancer. Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) control transcriptional adaptation in response to low oxygen conditions, both in tumor and immune cells. In addition, sphingolipids become increasingly recognized as important cell mediators in tumor and inflammatory hypoxia. Recent studies have identified acid sphingomyelinase (ASM), a central enzyme in the sphingolipid metabolism, as a regulator of several types of stress stimuli pathways and an important player in the tumor microenvironment...
June 1, 2018: Biological Chemistry
Juan Bai, Jinyi Zhao, Dongxiao Cui, Fan Wang, Ying Song, Lianghua Cheng, Kai Gao, Jin Wang, Long Li, Shujun Li, Yanyan Jia, Aidong Wen
This study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced acute kidney injury via the TLR4/NF-κB pathway, both in vitro and in vivo. Rats were subjected to removal of the right kidney and I/R injury to the left kidney. Rats subjected to renal I/R injury were treated with HSYA at 0.5 h prior to I/R injury. Renal function, histopathological analysis, and cells apoptosis were measured in vivo. In vitro, proximal renal tubular cells (HK-2) were subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2018: Cancer Research
Xing Zhou, Chaofan Liu, Jinghao Lu, Lubing Zhu, Ming Li
Objectives: To investigate the mechanism of 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME) in inhibiting hypoxia-induced collagen synthesis of fibroblasts in SSc. Methods: The expressions of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in skin specimens derived from SSc patients and healthy volunteers were examined by immunohistochemistry. HIF-1α was knocked down by lentiviral transduction, and SSc dermal fibroblasts cultured under normoxic (21% O2) or hypoxic (1% O2) condition were treated with PI3K inhibitor LY294002, rapamycin or 2-ME (25 μM)...
June 13, 2018: Rheumatology
Iain C Macdougall
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Iron deficiency is a major contributory cause to the development of anaemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD), and thus, iron replacement therapy plays a critical role in the management of this condition. The two main routes for administering iron are oral and intravenous, and there have been a number of new publications relevant to both routes of administration. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent developments on the topic of iron management in CKD include the introduction of new oral iron preparations, as well as two recent meta-analyses on iron therapy in CKD (one on oral versus intravenous iron, and one on high- versus low-dose intravenous iron in haemodialysis patients)...
June 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
M Samsonia, M Kandelaki, N Baratashvili
Cerebrovascular diseases of ischemic origin still remain the leading cause of death and disability of the population. In acute cerebral discirculation conditions, anaerobic glycolysis is activated, ATP formation rate decreases, the ion pumps work is disrupted and superoxide radicals are formed. Eventually, ionic asymmetry leads to the cytotoxic and vasogenic brain edema. Therefore, it is extremely important to induce simultaneous (complex) effect of medications on the key mechanisms of neuronal damage in process of survival of brain cells during acute ischemic stroke...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
Qi Chen, Fangfang Shi, Xi Yang, Limin Liu, Yueming Song
Objective: To research the biological characteristics of different generations of rabbit nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) that were cultured with natural culture and subculture method. Methods: The thoracolumbar segments of New Zealand white rabbits (6-8 weeks old and weighing 1.5-2.5 kg) were obtained and nucleus pulposus were isolated from disc regions. And NPCs were harvested by enzymatic digestion from nucleus pulposus. Primary NPCs were counted as P0 generation...
June 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Hongjun Zhu, Shuanglin Zhang
Like other tumors, lung cancer must induce angiogenesis as it grows. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) is the inducible subunit of the HIF-1 transcription factor that regulates genes involved in the response to hypoxia, some of which contributes to angiogenesis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is one of the genes upregulated by HIF-1 and is the primary cytokine in relation to angiogenesis. In this study we tested whether aberrant activation of hypoxia inducible factor-1α/vascular endothelial growth factor (HIF-1α/VEGF) pathway correlates with response to radiotherapy and examined the response of lung cancer cells to hypoxia in vitro...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Xiaoqing Song, Lining Su, Haifeng Yin, Jin Dai, Huiping Wei
As a primary active ingredient of safflor yellow, hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) exhibits notable antioxidative and neuroprotective effects. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effects of HSYA in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exposed to hypoxia (5% O2 ) and serum deprivation (H/SD), and to explore the mechanisms underlying HSYA-mediated protection. Under H/SD conditions, HSYA was applied to protect MSCs against injury. Cell viability, proliferation, apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were determined using an 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine assay, MTT assay, Hoechst 33342/propidium iodide and 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate staining, respectively...
June 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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